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Rezende Daniel Tavares DT Department of Surgery, Paulista School of Medicine, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
The upper esophageal sphincter is composed of striated muscle. The stress of intubation and the need to inhibit dry swallows during an esophageal manometry test may lead to variations in basal pressure of this sphincter. Upper esophageal sphincter is usually only studied at the final part of the test. Was ...
Park Kyung Hee KH Kyung Hee Park, PhD, RN, CWOCN, KGNP, Director of Samsung Medical Center International Wound Ostomy Continence Nursing Educational Program, Department of Nursing, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, South - - 2014
We measured the effect of a silicone border foam dressing on the development of pressure ulcers (PUs) and incontinence-associated dermatitis in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Nonrandomized comparison cohort (quasi-experimental) study. One hundred and two patients (>40 years of age) with a Braden Scale score of 16 or less who ...
Ripley Lindsay L Dallas VA Medical Center (111A), 4500 South Lancaster Road, Dallas, TX 75216 USA. - - 2014
To determine the impact of music intervention on endothelial function, hemodynamics, and patient anxiety before, during, and after cardiac catheterization. The effect of music therapy during cardiac catheterization on endothelial function and patient satisfaction has received limited study. Seventy patients undergoing elective cardiac catheterization were randomized to music therapy (n=36) ...
Hegarty-Craver M M North Carolina State University, Raleigh, - - 2014
The objective of this paper is to provide a definition for interface compression that uses essential principles of engineering science. This definition discusses factors that influence the amount of applied pressure, including the size of the limb, the amount of fabric tension (graduated pressure profile), the number of layers, and ...
Aqil Mansoor M Mansoor Aqil, FCPS, Associate Professor, Department of Anesthesiology (41), College of Medicine, King Saud University, Consultant Anesthetist, King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
To compare hemodynamic stress response (HDSR) to ET intubation using Glidescope (GLS) and Flexible fiberoptic laryngoscope (FFB). This prospective randomized comparative study was conducted at King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia from June 2011 - November 2013. Eighty ASA 1 & 2 patients with normal airway ...
Nasajiyan Nozar N Nozar Nasajiyan MD, Assistant Professor, Dept. of Anesthesiology, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Science, Pain Research Center, Ahvaz, - - 2014
Background and Objective : Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is the main concern for 40-70% of patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Our objective was to compare carbon dioxide gas at low pressure and standard pressure for the occurrence of PONV on patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. This double- blind trial was conducted ...
Liu Songqiao S Department of Critical Care Medicine, Zhongda Hospital, Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210009, - - 2014
High-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) allows for small tidal volumes at mean airway pressures (mPaw) above that of conventional mechanical ventilation (CMV), but the effect of HFOV on hemodynamics, oxygen metabolism, and tissue perfusion in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) remains unclear. We investigated the effects of HFOV and CMV in ...
Ji M M Department of Neurology, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital University of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China. - - 2014
Blood pressure variation is one of the factors that affects the risk of stroke recurrence and prognosis. This study investigates the effects of calcium channel blockers and beta-blockers on blood pressure variability in severe ischemic stroke patients. The clinical data of 24 patients with ischemic stroke in our intensive care ...
Yong-Yan Song S Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Laboratory,West China School of Preclinical and Forensic Medicine, Sichuan University,Chengdu 610041,China; Department of Biochemistry,School of Preclinical Medicine,North Sichuan Medical College,Nanchong,Sichuan - - 2014
Objective To investigate the possible effects of apolipoprotein A1 gene (APOA1) rs670 and rs5069 polymorphisms on plasma lipid profiles in healthy adolescents with different body mass index (BMI). Methods Totally 723 adolescents were divided into four groups according to their BMI´╝Ügroup 1[BMI=(17.80±0.75)kg/m2],group 2[BMI=(19.39±0.32) kg/m2],group 3[BMI=(20.68±0.43) kg/m2],and group 4[BMI=(23.40±2.05) kg/m2]. Height,weight,waist ...
Hamahata Atsumori A Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Saitama Cancer Center, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Assessment of tongue function following tongue reconstruction is important to evaluate patient status. To assess tongue function in patients who had undergone tongue reconstruction, the surgical team used a simple, hand-held tongue pressure measurement device to measure tongue power. Tongue power of 30 patients (25 males, 5 females; average age: ...
Campo Rebecca A RA Program on Integrative Medicine, Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB# 7200, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599-7200, USA, - - 2014
Older cancer survivors are a vulnerable population due to an increased risk for chronic diseases (e.g., cardiovascular disease) compounded with treatment late-effects and declines in physical functioning. Therefore, interventions that reduce chronic disease risk factors (i.e., blood pressure, chronic inflammation, and cortisol) are important in this population. Tai chi chih ...
Liu Xiaoxia X Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Laiwu People's Hospital, Laiwu, China; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Clinical Medicine Academy of Taishan Medical University, Taian, - - 2014
To explore the effects of different types of hysterectomy on lower extremity venous pressure. Ninety-nine patients with benign uterine diseases who were indicated for hysterectomy were included in the present prospective study. Patients were divided into three groups according to their preferences: (i) total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) group (n = 36); (ii) ...
Shih Andre C AC Department of Large Animal, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, - - 2014
To evaluate the cardiopulmonary effects of low-pressure (6 mmHg) peritoneal insufflation of varying duration in healthy cats during ovariectomy (OVE). Prospective, randomized study. Female cats (n = 24). After anesthesia induction, cats had short (Short LAP; n = 8) or long duration (Long LAP; n = 8) laparoscopic ovariectomy, or Open OVE (Open; n = 8) for comparison. Hemodynamic ...
Wang Shou-Sen - - 2014
The causes of dural arteriovenous fistula have not been clearly defined. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of dural arteriovenous fistula formation induced by high intracranial venous pressure using a rabbit model. By using rabbit model, dural arteriovenous fistula formation induced by high intracranial venous pressure ...
McManus Richard J RJ National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) School for Primary Care Research, Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, United - - 2014
Self-monitoring of blood pressure with self-titration of antihypertensives (self-management) results in lower blood pressure in patients with hypertension, but there are no data about patients in high-risk groups. To determine the effect of self-monitoring with self-titration of antihypertensive medication compared with usual care on systolic blood pressure among patients with ...
Bangalore Sripal S Division of Cardiology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York. Electronic address: - - 2014
The 2014 Eighth Joint National Committee panel recommendations for management of high blood pressure (BP) recommend a systolic BP threshold for initiation of drug therapy and a therapeutic target of <150 mm Hg in those ≥60 years of age, a departure from prior recommendations of <140 mm Hg. However, it is not known ...
Attizzani Guilherme F GF Division of Cardiology, Ferrarotto Hospital, University of Catania, Catania, Italy; Department of Interventional Cardiology, Pitangueiras Hospital, Jundiai, SP, Brazil; Harrington Heart and Vascular Institute, University Hospitals, Case Medical Center, Cleveland, OH, - - 2014
Objectives: We performed systematic optical coherence tomography (OCT) analyses after BVS implantation in a "real world" setting aiming at evaluating scaffold expansion and longitudinal integrity. Background: A comprehensive elucidation of bioresorbable vascular scaffolds´ (BVS) acute performance in the "real-world" setting is lacking Methods: Acute BVS expansion compared with compliance chart ...
Nakajima Kanako K Department of Human Life and Environmental Sciences, Graduate School of Humanities and Science, Ochanomizu University, Tokyo, - - 2014
Hip fracture in the elderly is a serious problem, and solutions to prevent falls are needed. This study focused on elucidating data critical to fall prevention by evaluating ambulatory function, and we achieved this by developing a plantar pressure measurement device to determine gait function. Our device enables measurement of ...
Akoumianaki Evangelia E Intensive Care Medicine Department, University Hospital of Heraklion, Medical School, University of Crete, Heraklion, Crete, - - 2014
To compare, in a group of difficult to wean critically ill patients, the short-term effects of neurally adjusted ventilator assist (NAVA), proportional assist (PAV+) and pressure support (PSV) ventilation on patient-ventilator interaction. Methods: Seventeen patients were studied during NAVA, PAV+ and PSV with and without artificial increase in ventilator demands ...
Gong Yuhua Y Department of Anesthesiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical College, Huhehot, Inner Mongolia, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate pressure waveform-guided epidural catheter placement (PWEP) and its effect in clinical practice. Single-center, prospective cohort study. University teaching hospital. 3,326 patients undergoing thoracic, abdominal, and lower limb surgery. 1,614 underwent PWEP and 1,664 had the loss-of-resistance (LOR) technique. Anesthesia success and catheter replacement-related complications were recorded. The specificity ...
Paleville Daniela Terson de DT Department of Health and Sport - - 2014
This case-controlled clinical study was undertaken to investigate to what extent pulmonary function in individuals with chronic Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) is affected by posture. Forced Vital Capacity (FVC), Forced Expiratory Volume in one second (FEV1), Maximal Inspiratory Pressure (PImax) and Maximal Expiratory Pressure (PEmax) were obtained from 27 individuals ...
Villalba María M Department of Animal Medicine and Surgery, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University Complutense, Avda. Puerta de Hierro s/n 28040, Madrid, - - 2014
The aim of this investigation was to determine the isoflurane-sparing effect and impact on arterial blood pressure and anaesthetic recovery of a constant rate infusion of medetomidine-propofol in horses. In a prospective, crossover, randomised study, six healthy horses (mean ± SD age, 13.7 ± 7.7 years; weight, 433 ± 51 kg) were anaesthetised twice with isoflurane and ...
Bolger Darren D School of Applied Physiology, Georgia Institute of Technology, 555 14th Street NW, Atlanta, GA 30318, United - - 2014
Deficits in balance control are one of the most common and serious mobility challenges facing individuals with lower limb loss. Yet, dynamic postural balance control among individuals with lower limb loss remains poorly understood. Here we examined the kinematics and kinetics of dynamic balance in individuals with unilateral transtibial limb ...
Aguero Jaume J Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai - - 2014
In pulmonary hypertension (PH), right ventricular (RV) dysfunction and failure is the main determinant of a poor prognosis. We aimed to characterize RV structural and functional differences during adaptive RV remodeling and progression to RV failure in a large animal model of chronic PH. Postcapillary PH was created surgically in ...
Adhikari Srikar S Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Arizona Medical Center, Tucson, AZ. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine the prevalence and demographics of elevated blood pressure (BP) in emergency department (ED) patients. Retrospective study at an academic ED. ED patients with any systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥140mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ≥90mm Hg over a 1-year period were included. Data pertaining to frequency of ...
Joly Nikola N Département d'anesthésiologie, Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM), Université de Montréal, Pavillon Hôpital Saint-Luc, Montréal, QC, - - 2014
Many features can influence the choice of a supraglottic airway device (SAD), including ease of insertion, adequate ventilation pressures and lack of adverse effects. The goal of this randomized prospective trial was to compare the performance of the i-gel™ with that of the LMA-Supreme™. One hundred adult patients (American Society ...
Lacombe Matthieu M Réanimation Médicale, Physiologie - Explorations Fonctionnelles, Centre d'Innovations Technologiques UMR 805, Hôpital Raymond Poincaré, AP-HP, Garches, and EA 4497, Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, Versailles, - - 2014
Background: Mechanical insufflation-exsufflation (MI-E), more commonly known as 'cough assist therapy', is a method which produces inspiratory and expiratory assistance to improve cough performances. However, other alternatives or combinations are possible. Objective: The objective was to compare the effects of mechanical insufflation combined with manually assisted coughing (MAC), insufflation-exsufflation alone ...
Runck Hanna H Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Division for Experimental Anesthesiology, University Medical Center Freiburg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
We investigated the effects of recruitment manoeuvres on subpleural alveolar area in healthy rats. 36 mechanically ventilated rats were allocated to either ZEEP-group or PEEP- 5 cmH2O -group. The subpleural alveoli were observed using a transthoracal endoscopic imaging technique. Two consecutive low-flow manoeuvres up to 30 cmH2O peak pressure each ...
Celli P P Dipartimento di Anestesia e Rianimazione, UOD Anestesia e Terapia Intensiva Trapianti d'Organo, Policlinico Umberto I, "Sapienza," Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The extubation phase is an extremely critical moment in patients who have undergone orthotopic liver transplantation, who do not always have the advantage of long-lasting positive-pressure ventilation and positive expiratory end pressure; these factors can lead to splanchnic venous congestion, and this is why a rapid extubation can represent a ...
Clarkson Douglas McG DM Department Clinical Physics and Bioengineering, FM Building, University Hospital, Coventry CV2 2DX, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
The value of compliance of disposable elements such as infusion lines and syringes can significantly affect the performance characteristics of infusion devices. In a technique used to determine the compliance of infusion lines, the item under test is placed in a semi sealed water filled enclosure and the volume of ...
Dobrowolski Piotr P Department of Congenital Heart Diseases, Institute of Cardiology, Warsaw, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
We investigated the impact of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and night blood pressure (BP) on left ventricular geometry and systolic function in patients with resistant hypertension (RHTN). Data from 155 patients with RHTN were analyzed. All patients underwent biochemical evaluations, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM), and polysomnography. Left ventricular mass ...
Corino Valentina D A VD Dipartimento di Elettronica, Informatica e Bioingegneria, Politecnico di Milano, via Golgi 32, 20133 Milan, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The highly irregular ventricular rate during atrial fibrillation (AF) represents a unique and physiological experimental model to eliminate the influence of rhythmical components of RR variability on arterial pressure variability for investigating the origin of low frequency (LF) component in arterial pressure. Surface ECG, blood pressure and respiratory signals were ...
Erfurt L L Department of Psychology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Leopoldstr. 13, D-80802 Munich, - - 2014
The present study investigated the effects of repeated administration of Korodin(®), a combination of camphor and crataegus berry extract, on blood pressure and attentional functioning. This study was conducted based on a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind design. 54 persons participated (33 female, 21 male) with a mean age of 24.3 years. ...
Kang Woon-Seok WS Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Konkuk University Medical Center, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea; Institute of Biomedical Science and Technology, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Measurements of stroke volume variation for volume management in mechanically ventilated patients are influenced by various factors, such as tidal volume, respiratory rate, and chest/lung compliance. However, research regarding the effect of positive end-expiratory pressure on stroke volume variation is limited. Patients were divided into responder and nonresponder groups according ...
Lin Qing-Shan QS Institute of Vascular Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong - - 2014
In functional mitral regurgitation (FMR), effective regurgitant orifice area (EROA) displays a dynamic pattern. The impact of dynamic changes of annulus dysfunction and leaflets tenting on phasic EROA was explored with real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (RT3D-TEE). RT3D-TEE was performed in 52 FMR patients and 30 controls. Mitral annulus dimensions and ...
Suzuki Satoshi S Department of Intensive Care, Austin Hospital, Heidelberg, Victoria, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to study the feasibility, safety, and physiological effects of pulse pressure variation (PPV)-guided fluid therapy in patients after cardiac surgery. We conducted a pilot prospective before-and-after study during mandatory ventilation after cardiac surgery in a tertiary intensive care unit. We introduced a protocol to ...
De Pauw Ruben R Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Department of Chemical Engineering (CHIS-IR), Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, - - 2014
Having similar densities as liquids but with viscosities up to 20 times lower (higher diffusion coefficients), supercritical CO2 is the ideal (co-)solvent for fast and/or highly efficient separations without mass-transfer limitations or excessive column pressure drops. Whereas in liquid chromatography the flow remains laminar in both the packed bed and ...
Morishima T T Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, - - 2014
PURPOSE. To compare pressures generated by 2 different cement pressurisers at various locations in the proximal femur. METHODS. Two groups of 5 synthetic femurs were used, and 6 pressure sensors were placed in the femur at 20-mm intervals proximally to distally. Cement was filled into the femoral canal retrogradely using ...
Jiang Xian X Department of Physiology and Pathophysiology, Yanbian University College of Medicine, Yanji 133002, - - 2014
Control of blood pressure is maintained by the interaction between the arterial baroreflex and vestibulosympathetic reflex during postural changes. In this study, the contributions of vestibular receptors and baroreceptors to the maintenance of blood pressure following acute hypotension were compared in terms of phosphorylated extracellular regulated protein kinase (pERK) expression ...
Tomimura Suely S Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biofotônica em Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Nove de - - 2014
Systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) is considered to be the greatest risk factor for the development of neuro-cardiovascular pathologies, thus constituting a severe Public Health issue in the world. The Low-Level Laser Therapy (LLLT), or laser therapy, activates components of the cellular structure, therefore converting luminous energy into photochemical energy and ...
Komasawa Nobuyasu N Department of Anesthesiology, Osaka Medical College, Osaka, - - 2014
This study used an airway model to compare the ability of a pediatric endotracheal tube with a taper-shaped cuff to prevent microaspiration relative to endotracheal tubes with conventional cuffs. Four different types of 5.0-mm inner diameter cuffed pediatric endotracheal tubes (taper-shaped cuff [Taper], high-volume low-pressure [Hi-Lo], middle-volume low-pressure [Intermediate], and ...
Jung Jong Dal JD Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Chosun University School of Medicine, Gwangju, Korea. ; Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Chosun University Hospital, Gwangju, - - 2014
Hypoxemia during one-lung ventilation (OLV) remains a major concern. The present study compared the effect of alveolar recruitment strategy (ARS) on arterial oxygenation during OLV at varying tidal volumes (Vt) with or without positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP). In total, 120 patients undergoing wedge resection by video assisted thoracostomy were randomized ...
Shim Jae-Kwang JK Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Yonsei University Health System, Seoul, 120-752, South Korea; Anesthesia and Pain Research Institute, Yonsei University Health System, Seoul, 120-752, South - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that the predictive ability of pulse pressure variation (PPV) for fluid responsiveness would be altered in patients with elevated left ventricular (LV) filling pressure. According to the preoperative echocardiographic assessment of the ratio of early transmitral flow velocity to early ...
Mori Hirohito H Department of Gastroenterology and Neurology, Kagawa University, 1750-1 Ikenobe, Miki, Kita, Kagawa, 761-0793, Japan, - - 2014
Tumor size determination is subject to the measurement method used by endoscopists and is especially dependent on the air quantity. As the intraluminal pressure must be measured objectively to obtain an accurate tumor size measurement, insufflation can affect the results. Thus, we examined the utility of a micro-electro-mechanical-system (MEMS) pressure ...
de Aragão Fábio Farias FF Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia, Brazil; Universidade Federal do Maranhão (UFMA), São Luís, MA, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Maternal hypotension is a common complication after spinal anesthesia for cesarean section, with deleterious effects on the fetus and mother. Among the strategies aimed at minimizing the effects of hypotension, vasopressor administration is the most efficient. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of phenylephrine, metaraminol, and ...
McAnulty Lisa S LS Dept. of Nutrition and Health Care Management, Boone, NC, 28608. Electronic address: - - 2014
Evidence suggests that berries contain bioactive compounds, which reduce certain cancers and hypertension. Our hypothesis was that daily blueberry (BB) consumption would increase natural killer (NK) cells and plasma redox capacity and reduce blood pressure, augmentation index (AIx), central pulse wave velocity, and aortic systolic pressures (ASPs). Twenty-five men and ...
Almarakbi Waleed A WA Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia ; Department of Anesthesiology, Ain Shams University, Cairo, - - 2014
The main function of an endotracheal tube (ETT) cuff is to prevent aspiration. High cuff pressure is usually associated with postoperative complications. We tried to compare cuff inflation guided by pressure volume loop closure (PV-L) with those by just to seal technique (JS) and assess the postoperative incidence of sore ...
Mesbah Kiaee Mehrdad M Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
There have been many concerns about alteration in hemodynamic parameters within and shortly after endotracheal intubation (ETI) in patients scheduled for elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). We compared the attenuation effect of magnesium sulfate and lidocaine on hemodynamic responses after ETI, in patients undergoing CABG. In this randomized controlled ...
Wu Shih-Ying - - 2014
Focused ultrasound (FUS) has been shown promise in treating the brain locally and noninvasively. Transcranial passive cavitation detection (PCD) provides methodology for monitoring the treatment in real time, but the skull effects remain a major challenge for its translation to the clinic. In this study, we investigated the sensitivity, reliability, ...
de Franciscis Stefano S Interuniversity Center of Phlebolymphology (CIFL). International Research and Educational Program in Clinical and Experimental Biotechnology. Headquarters: University Magna Graecia of Catanzaro, Viale Europa, 88100, Catanzaro, Italy; Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Catanzaro, - - 2014
Carotid Body Tumors (CBTs) are Paragangliomas (PGLs) located in the head and neck region which usually do not cause overt neuroendocrine symptoms and hypertension. Matrix Metalloproteinases (MMPs) have shown a strong correlation between CBTs and their clinical behavior. Aim of this study is to analyze the relationship between changes in ...
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