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Talekar C R CR Intensive Care Unit, Logan Hospital, Logan, - - 2014
The application of tracheal cuff pressure monitoring is likely to vary between institutions. The aim of this study was therefore to review current evidence concerning this intervention in the intensive care unit (ICU) and to appraise regional practice by performing a state-wide survey. Publications for review were identified through searches ...
Cerutti Sergio S Dipartimento di Elettronica, Informazione e Bioingegneria, Politecnico di Milano, Via Golgi 39, Milano 20133, Italy - - 2014
Dynamics of cardiovascular series may be explored with non-linear techniques. It is unknown if the arterial pressure irregularity commonly observed in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) might be further increased by a sympathetic stimulus such as orthostatic tilt. Twenty patients (62 ± 14 years, 15 men) were recruited for the ...
Mahoori Alireza A Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran. - - 2014
Emergence from general anesthesia can be associated with coughing, agitation, and hemodynamic disturbances. Remifentanil may attenuate these responses. We have examined the effect of remifentanil on the hemodynamic response to the emergence from anesthesia and tracheal extubation. In a double-blind, randomized trial, we enrolled 50 adult patients undergoing abdominal surgery. ...
Hahn Robert G RG - - 2014
The current trend in anaesthesia is to choose crystalloid over colloid fluids for volume replacement in the operating room. Outcome-oriented studies and kinetic analyses have recently provided more insight into how crystalloid infusions should be managed. These fluids have a much better short-term effect on the plasma volume than previously ...
Malbrain Manu L N G ML - - 2014
Over the last few decades, increasing attention has been paid to understanding the pathophysiology, aetiology, prognosis, and treatment of elevated intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) in trauma, surgical, and medical patients. However, there is presently a relatively poor understanding of intra-abdominal volume (IAV) and the relationship between IAV and IAP (i.e. abdominal ...
Ruszala Michael W MW Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH; Critical Care Transport, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the use of invasive arterial blood pressure (IBP) monitoring and reaching established aggressive medical management goals in acute aortic dissection. Data were collected through a retrospective chart review of patients diagnosed with acute aortic syndromes of the thoracic cavity ...
Liu Hongbo H School of Environment and Civil Engineering, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
A novel method based on the selective pressure of particle size (particle-size cultivation method, PSCM) was developed for the cultivation and operation of aerobic granular sludge in a continuous-flow reactor, and compared with the conventional method based on the selective pressure of settling velocity (settling-velocity cultivation method, SVCM). Results indicated ...
Ginson J J St. Albert's College, Ernakulam, Cochin 682018, Kerala, India. Electronic address: - - 2015
High pressure treatment of 250 MPa for 6 min at 25 °C was applied to headless Indian white prawn (Fenneropenaeus indicus) to evaluate changes in microbiological characteristics of the species during chilled storage. Changes in load of mesophilic bacteria, psychrotrophic bacteria, proteolytic bacteria, Enterobacteriaceae, Pseudomonas spp., H2S producing bacteria, lactic acid bacteria, Brochothrix ...
Obayashi Kenji K Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Nara Medical University School of - - 2014
Background:Melatonin decreases night-time blood pressure (BP) by increasing nitric oxide (NO) in endothelial cells. Whether serum asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), a major endogenous competitive inhibitor of endothelial NO synthase, attenuates the association of melatonin with night-time BP and dipping in humans is unclear.Methods and Results:In this cross-sectional study of 852 community-based elderly individuals, ...
Lipcsey M M Associate professor, Section of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Department of Surgical sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden - - - 2014
The impact of different blood pressure targets is unknown for post cardiac surgery patient in the intensive care unit. We, therefore, investigated the effects of a mean arterial pressure (MAP) target of 65 or 85 mmHg on splanchnic oxygenation, metabolic function, cytokine regulation and gastric tonometry after cardiopulmonary bypass. 16 ...
de la Oliva Pedro P 1Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Universitario Materno-Infantil La Paz, Madrid, Spain. 2Department of Pediatrics, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain. 3Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Universitario Niño Jesús, Madrid, Spain. 4Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, Spain. 5Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Universitario Carlos Haya, Málaga, Spain. 6Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Clínico Universitario, Valencia, Spain. 7Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain. 8Department of Pediatrics, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain. 9Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Universitario Reina Sofía, Cordoba, - - 2014
To characterize cardiac preload responsiveness in pediatric patients with cardiovascular dysfunction and dilated cardiomyopathy using global end-diastolic volume index, stroke volume index, cardiac index, and extravascular lung water index. Prospective multicenter observational study. Medical/surgical PICUs of seven Spanish University Medical Centers. Seventy-five pediatric patients (42 male, 33 female), median age ...
Ovari Attila A *Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University Medical Center; †Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Marine Technology, Department of Material Science and Medical Engineering; and ‡Institute for Biostatistics and Informatics in Medicine and Ageing Research, University of Rostock, Rostock, - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of nasal decongestants on eustachian tube (ET) opening. A prospective nonrandomized study. A tertiary referral center. Twenty-four patients (44 ears) with intact eardrums, 39 patients (43 ears) having a noninfected eardrum defect, and six patients with an upper airway infection. Nasal or intratympanal (in perforated ears) ...
Kim Byeong-Keuk BK Division of Cardiology, Severance Cardiovascular Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 250 Seongsanno, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 120-752, - - 2014
No randomized data exist regarding optical coherence tomography (OCT) evaluation immediately post-procedure and at the 3-month follow-up for platinum-chromium everolimus-eluting stents (PtCr-EES) versus cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stents (CoCr-EES). A total of 100 patients were randomly assigned to undergo PtCr-EES (n = 51) or CoCr-EES (n = 49) implantation. OCT was serially evaluated after stent deployment ...
de Souza Leonardo Cordeiro LC Medical Science Post-graduation Program, and - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of the recently described timed inspiratory effort (TIE) index in comparison with 4 other previously reported indices as to the weaning outcome in patients with neurologic or neuromuscular disorders. This observational prospective study included subjects undergoing weaning from mechanical ventilation. ...
Miyamoto N N Department of Sports and Life Science, National Institute of Fitness and Sports in Kanoya, Kanoya, - - 2014
Most sporting compression stockings possess a graduated pressure profile. However, it remains unclear whether the graduated pressure profile is an essential feature for reducing the development of muscle fatigue. This study sought to examine the effect of the pressure profile of compression stockings on the degree of muscle fatigue of ...
Tannd Asl A aDepartment of Cardiology, Ufuk University Faculty of Medicine bDepartment of Statistics, Ufuk University Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Ankara, - - 2014
Tp-e/QT, the ratio of the interval between the peak and the end of T wave to the QT interval, is a novel index of arrhythmogenesis. We investigate Tp-e/QT and QT dispersion (QTd) in prehypertensive and normotensive patients with different patterns of nocturnal blood pressure dipping. Forty-seven prehypertensive and 37 normotensive ...
Mahon Richard T RT Naval Medical Research Center - - 2014
Intravenous perfluorocarbons (PFC) have reduced the effects of decompression sickness (DCS) and improved mortality rates in animal models. However, concerns for the physiologic effects of DCS combined with PFC therapy have not been examined in a balanced mixed gender population. Methods: Thirty-two (16 male, 16 female) instrumented and sedated juvenile ...
Dhamija Rajiv R Rancho Los Amigos National Rehabilitation Center, Downey, California; Western University of Health Sciences, Pomona, - - 2014
Hemodialysis vascular access surveillance for hemodynamically significant stenosis can be a challenge because no universal gold standard exists. The StenTec Gauge measures static intra-access peak pressure and graphically displays the ratio of this pressure to systemic systolic (peak) arterial pressure (PIA ratio). In combination with careful physical exam (PE), the ...
Yildiz Yahya Y Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Medicana Hospitals Camlica, Istanbul, - - 2014
To compare postoperative prophylactic use of two positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) levels in order to prevent postoperative bleeding in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. Sixty patients undergoing an elective off-pump CABG operation were included in this prospective, nonrandomized clinical trial. Patients were divided into two groups ...
Pearce Lesly A LA Biostatistics Consultant, Minot, ND, - - 2014
The primary outcome results for the SPS3 trial suggested that a lower systolic target blood pressure (<130 mm Hg) might be beneficial for reducing the risk of recurrent stroke compared with a higher target (130-149 mm Hg), but that the addition of clopidogrel to aspirin was not beneficial compared with ...
Raz Orit O The department of Urology, Macquarie University Hospital, Australian School of Advanced Medicine, Sydney Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Trendelenburg positioning (TP) has a dramatic effect on the circulation and consequently, increases cerebral and intra-ocular pressure (IOP). We evaluated whether modification in TP can minimize the elevation of IOP. This is a prospective randomised controlled study, comparing patient's IOP in TP, and "Modified-Z" TP in patients undergoing robot-assisted laparoscopic ...
Zhu Jinlong - - 2014
High-pressure compression of water contained in nanoporous silica allowed fabrication of novel porous ice phases as a function of pressure. The starting liquid nanoporous H2O transformed to ice VI and VII at 1.7 GPa and 2.5 GPa, respectively, which are 0.6 GPa and 0.4 GPa higher than commonly accepted pressures ...
Martínez-Legazpi Pablo P Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, - - 2014
Intraventricular fluid dynamics can be assessed clinically using imaging. The contribution of vortex structures to left ventricular (LV) diastolic function has never been quantified in vivo. This study sought to understand the impact of intraventricular flow patterns on filling and to assess whether impaired fluid dynamics may be a source of ...
Rim Tyler Hyungtaek TH Department of Ophthalmology, Severance Hospital, Institute of Vision Research, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
To evaluate changes in choroidal thickness before and after steep Trendelenburg position (STP, 40° head-down) using automated segmentation software to analyse swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) data. The eyes of 20 healthy volunteers underwent a three-dimensional wide scanning protocol with SS-OCT (Topcon, Tokyo, Japan) at baseline, immediately after STP was ...
- - 2014
High blood pressure is associated with poor outcome after stroke. Whether blood pressure should be lowered early after stroke, and whether to continue or temporarily withdraw existing antihypertensive drugs, is not known. We assessed outcomes after stroke in patients given drugs to lower their blood pressure. In our multicentre, partial-factorial ...
Weir Matthew R MR Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, - - 2014
The effects of canagliflozin, a sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor, on blood pressure (BP) and osmotic diuresis- and intravascular volume reduction-related adverse events (AEs) were evaluated using pooled data from four placebo-controlled, phase 3 studies in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM; N=2313). At baseline, 1332 (57.6%) patients were ...
de Leeuw Peter W PW From the Department of Medicine, Maastricht University Medical Center, Cardiovascular Research Institute Maastricht (CARIM), Maastricht, The Netherlands (P.W.d.L., T.A., A.A.K.); CVRx Inc, Minneapolis, MN (E.L.); Division of Nephrology, Virginia Commonwealth University Health System, Richmond (D.S.); Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Cardiology, University of Rochester Medical Center, NY (J.B.); and Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Hannover, Germany (H.H.). - - 2014
Previous trials have shown that in patients with resistant hypertension device-based baroreflex activation therapy (BAT) can substantially reduce blood pressure. However, the fact that electrodes had to be implanted bilaterally may be a drawback for further development of the technique. In this study, we explored whether unilateral stimulation would produce ...
Elvevoll Bjørg - - 2014
Intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome contribute significantly to increased morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients. This study describes pathophysiologic effects of the acutely elevated intra-abdominal pressure on microvascular fluid exchange and microcirculation. The resulting changes could contribute to development of organ dysfunction or failure. 16 pigs were randomly ...
Montán Carl C Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Department of Vascular Surgery, Karolinska University Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, - - 2014
Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA) is associated with coagulopathy and intraabdominal hemorrhage. Fibrinogen acts as a key coagulation factor and has previously been suggested as a biomarker for increased perioperative bleeding in other surgical areas. The aim of the present study was to investigate fibrinogen and standard laboratory parameters and ...
Le Bihan David C S DC Dante Pazzanese Institute of Cardiology, Sao Paulo, Brazil; Escola Paulista de Medicina-Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, - - 2014
Left atrial (LA) dilation is associated with worse prognosis in various clinical situations including chronic mitral regurgitation (MR). Real time three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) has allowed a better assessment of LA volumes and function. Little is known about LA size and function in early postoperative period in symptomatic patients with chronic ...
Petrella Robert J - - 2014
It was hypothesized that a mobile health (mHealth) intervention would elicit greater improvements in systolic blood pressure and other cardiometabolic risk factors at 12 weeks, which would be better maintained over 52 weeks, compared to the active control intervention. Eligible participants (>=2 metabolic syndrome risk factors) were randomized to the ...
Vinson David R DR The Permanente Medical Group, Oakland, CA; Department of Emergency Medicine, Kaiser Permanente Roseville Medical Center, Roseville, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The rate of iatrogenic pneumothorax associated with thoracic central venous catheterization in community emergency departments (EDs) is poorly described, although such information is vital to inform the procedure's risk/benefit analysis. We undertook this multicenter study to estimate the incidence of immediate catheter-related pneumothorax in community EDs and to determine associations ...
Camacho Macario M Department of Psychiatry, Division of Sleep Medicine, Stanford Hospital and Clinics, Stanford, - - 2014
The relationship between nasal surgery and its effect on continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) device therapeutic treatment pressures and CPAP device use has not been previously systematically examined. To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis evaluating the effect of isolated nasal surgery on therapeutic CPAP device pressures and use in ...
Derosa Giuseppe G Department of Internal Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Pavia, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico S. Matteo , Pavia , - - 2014
Aim. To evaluate the effects of canrenone compared to placebo on blood pressure control, some non-conventional biomarkers in cardiovascular stratification, and on metalloproteinases in patients affected by metabolic syndrome. Methods. A total of 156 Caucasian patients were treated with placebo or canrenone, 50 mg once a day, for 3 months ...
Zhang Qingyou Q Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, - - 2014
We described a heterogenous group of children disabled by postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) and evident orthostatic hypertension (OHT). Twenty patients met the diagnostic criteria for POTS + OHT. Their clinical characteristics were compared with those in 76 patients with POTS alone and 20 healthy age-matched controls. Multivariate logistic regression analysis ...
Gautam Nischal K NK Department of Anesthesiology, Division of Pediatric Cardiac Anesthesia, The University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Houston, TX 770025, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To study changes in BIS values and metabolic parameters during an infusion of isoproterenol in pediatric patients. Retrospective study approved By Committee For The Protection Of Human Subjects at University Of Texas Medical School at Houston. University-affiliated children's hospital. The records of pediatric patients undergoing general anesthesia for electrophysiology procedures ...
Medrinal C C Groupe Hospitalier du Havre, Service de Pneumologie, Montivilliers, France - - - 2014
Many types of interfaces with intentional leaks exist for Non Invasive Ventilation. The purpose of intentional leaks is to remove CO2 from the interface, however the calibration does not allow a sufficiently large flow and rebreathing of CO2 can occur. The aim of this study was to compare the CO2 ...
Cocucci Cecilia C http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0146-6553 Department of Pediatrics and Maternal Health, Hospital Universitario Austral, Pilar, Argentina Fundación para la Salud Materno Infantil (FUNDASAMIN), Buenos Aires, - - 2014
During manual positive pressure ventilation (PPV), delivering a recommended respiratory rate (RR) is operator dependent. We tested the efficacy of a metronome as a standardised method to improve the accuracy of delivered RR during manual PPV in a neonatal resuscitation simulation. We conducted a blinded simulation in two consecutive stages. ...
Walshe Margaret M Department of Clinical Speech & Language Studies, Trinity College Dublin, - - 2014
To evaluate safety of positioning and distending the Functional Lumen Imaging Probe (FLIP) in the pharyngo-oesophageal segment (POS) in adults with known POS dysfunction and to obtain preliminary measurements of POS distensibility and opening during swallowing in a clinical group. Prospective case-series of ten adults post total laryngectomy (TL) (61-75 ...
Luján Manel M Servei de Pneumologia, Corporaciò Sanitària Parc Taulí, Hospital de Sabadell, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Parc Taulí, Sabadell; Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red Enfermedades Respiratorias, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, - - 2014
The effect of leaks on volume-targeted pressure support noninvasive ventilation mode has only been tested with continuous simulated leaks. The objective of the study was to assess the influence of random leaks occurring either during inspiration or expiration. Analysis of the volume-targeted pressure support mode in 6 commercial ventilators with ...
Aydın Venera V Akdeniz University, Departments of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Antalya, - - 2014
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has many advantages such as shorter hospital stay of patients, minimal postoperative pain, rapid recovery after the operation; however, systemic disadvantages due to intra-abdominal pressure, position, and general anesthesia may also appear. In this study, pressure-controlled ventilation (PCV) and volume-controlled ventilation (VCV) modes during laparoscopic cholecystectomy operations were ...
Fang Lei - - 2014
The purpose of the study was to measure the retinal venous pressure (RVP) in the eyes of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) patients and healthy subjects with and without a Flammer-Syndrome (FS). RVP was measured in the following four groups of patients and age- and sex-matched healthy controls: (a) 15 patients ...
Duan Yun-Fei YF Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, 185 Juqian Street, Changzhou, Jiangsu Province, - - 2014
To assess the effects of various operations for hepatocellular carcinoma with portal hypertension (PH). Data regarding 78 patients with resectable liver cancer with PH were analyzed. Patients were divided into 3 groups: A (splenic artery ligation), B (in situ splenectomy), and C (in situ splenectomy + pericardial devascularization). White blood ...
Simon T P TP Department of Intensive Care and Intermediate Care, RWTH University Hospital, Aachen, Germany - - - 2014
Clinical studies have raised concerns about the safety of 6% hydroxyethylstarch (HES) 130/0.42, but the pathomechanisms of this renal impairment remain unknown. To evaluate the effects of different HES concentrations, molar substitutions and molecular weights in HESinduced renal impairment, we used a porcine twohit model that combined haemorrhagic and septic ...
Hove Karin K K Hove, Department of Diabetes Pathophysiology, Steno Diabetes Center A/S, Gentofte, Denmark - - 2014
Objective Studies have indicated a blood pressure lowering effect of milk-derived peptides in non-diabetic individuals, but the cardiometabolic effects of such peptides in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are not known. We examined the effect of milk fermented with lactobacillus helveticus on blood pressure, glycaemic control and cardiovascular risk ...
Raman Vignesh - - 2014
Background:Respiratory complications occur in 20-65% of esophagectomy patients. While non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) is associated with fewer complications than endotracheal intubation (ET), it is relatively contraindicated after esophagectomy due to potential injury to the anastomosis. We created an ex vivo and in vivo pig model to determine the pressure ...
Hunt L - - 2014
Objectives: Assessment of intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) and the likelihood of abdominal compartment syndrome using valid and reliable measures is an important tool in the assessment of critically ill patients. The current method of relying on a single IAP per measurement period to determine patient clinical status raises the question: is ...
Kwon Beom-June BJ Department of Cardiology, Seogwipo Medical Center, Jeju, Republic of - - 2014
We compared the results of laboratory examinations, echocardiography, arterial stiffness, central blood pressure (BP) and ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) between treatment-naïve patients with low normal thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and those with high normal TSH levels. A total of 285 consecutively-eligible patients with both treatment-naïve hypertension and euthyroid were divided into ...
Shin Jonghoon J 1 Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Pusan National University , Busan, - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To compare the 24-h changes of intraocular pressure (IOP) and mean ocular perfusion pressure (MOPP) obtained with tafluprost versus travoprost in patients with normal-tension glaucoma (NTG). Methods: This study is a randomized crossover study of 50 patients newly diagnosed with NTG who received either tafluprost or travoprost given ...
Fibel Kenton H KH *Department of Medicine, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, New York; and †New York Giants Medical Services and Training, East Rutherford, New - - 2014
: Venous air embolism (VAE) is a potentially life-threatening event that is most commonly associated with certain surgical procedures, although this theoretical complication of pressurized rapid infusion of intravenous (IV) fluids has been described. This series of cases describes 4 athletes who presented with continuous coughing and other chest complaints ...
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