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Results 51 - 100 of 1475
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Raman Vignesh - - 2014
Background:Respiratory complications occur in 20-65% of esophagectomy patients. While non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) is associated with fewer complications than endotracheal intubation (ET), it is relatively contraindicated after esophagectomy due to potential injury to the anastomosis. We created an ex vivo and in vivo pig model to determine the pressure ...
Hunt L - - 2014
Objectives: Assessment of intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) and the likelihood of abdominal compartment syndrome using valid and reliable measures is an important tool in the assessment of critically ill patients. The current method of relying on a single IAP per measurement period to determine patient clinical status raises the question: is ...
Shin Jonghoon J 1 Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Pusan National University , Busan, - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To compare the 24-h changes of intraocular pressure (IOP) and mean ocular perfusion pressure (MOPP) obtained with tafluprost versus travoprost in patients with normal-tension glaucoma (NTG). Methods: This study is a randomized crossover study of 50 patients newly diagnosed with NTG who received either tafluprost or travoprost given ...
Fibel Kenton H KH *Department of Medicine, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, New York; and †New York Giants Medical Services and Training, East Rutherford, New - - 2014
: Venous air embolism (VAE) is a potentially life-threatening event that is most commonly associated with certain surgical procedures, although this theoretical complication of pressurized rapid infusion of intravenous (IV) fluids has been described. This series of cases describes 4 athletes who presented with continuous coughing and other chest complaints ...
Iwassaki Larissa Akemi LA Instituto Biológico, APTA, Rodovia Heitor Penteado km 3.5, Caixa Postal 70, Campinas, SP, CEP 13001-970, Brazil, - - 2014
The twospotted spider mite (TSSM), Tetranychus urticae Koch, is one of the main pests on strawberry crops in Brazil. TSSM can be difficult to control due to acaricide resistance. The objective of this work was to compare the effect of conventional and integrated strawberry production (ISP) systems on mite abundance ...
Gill Kyle F KF a Laboratory of Systems Physiology, Department of Kinesiology , University of North Carolina at Charlotte , Charlotte , NC , - - 2014
Abstract To reduce resting blood pressure, a minimum isometric exercise training (IET) intensity has been suggested, but this is not known for short-term IET programmes. We therefore compared the effects of moderate- and low-intensity IET programmes on resting blood pressure. Forty normotensive participants (22.3 ± 3.4 years; 69.5 ± 15.5 kg; 170.2 ± 8.7 cm) were randomly assigned to ...
Skoog Johan J Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, 581 85, Linköping, Sweden, - - 2014
Calf venous compliance (C calf) is commonly evaluated with venous occlusion plethysmography (VOP) during a standard cuff deflation protocol. However, the technique relies on two not previously validated assumptions concerning thigh cuff pressure (P cuff) transmission and the impact of net fluid filtration (F filt) on C calf. The aim ...
Hattori Tomomi T Research Center for Lifestyle-Related Disease, Tohoku Rosai Hospital , Sendai , Japan - - 2014
Abstract Background: Blood pressure (BP) is generally higher in cold than in warm seasons. This seasonal BP change is largely attributable to outdoor temperature changes. However, if such a typical seasonal change is observed in BP measured under a standardized indoor condition remains unclear. Methods: Resting supine BPs and heart ...
Peng Jie J Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Remodeling and Function Research Chinese Ministry of Education and Chinese Ministry of Public Health, Department of Cardiology, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Ji'nan, - - 2014
High-normal blood pressure is considered a precursor of stage 1 hypertension that is associated with metabolic disorders. This study aims to investigate whether the pharmacologic treatment of high-normal blood pressure affects metabolism, especially in abdominally obese individuals, and the pharmacoeconomics of two antihypertensive agents, telmisartan and indapamide. Subjects with high-normal ...
Malekzadeh-Milani Sophie S Centre de Référence Malformations Cardiaques Congénitales Complexes - M3C, Hôpital Necker-Enfants-Malades, Cardiologie Pédiatrique, 149, rue de Sèvres, 75015 Paris cedex, - - 2014
Fontan circulation is fragile and unfavourable evolution is frequent. Fontan physiology largely depends on respiration and gravity. The hypothesis for valvulation is that valvulation of the circuit reduces the effects of respiration and the proclive position, and increases anterograde flow towards the systemic circulation, with increasing exercise capacity and benefits ...
Stewart Sarah S Health and Rehabilitation Research Institute, Auckland University of Technology, AUT North Shore Campus, Private Bag 92006, Auckland 1142, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
Previous research has shown that good footwear characteristics may reduce foot pain and foot-related disability in people with gout. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of good and poor footwear characteristics on plantar pressure and spatiotemporal parameters of gait in people with gout. Thirty-six people with ...
Ashton-Miller James A JA Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan College of Engineering, Ann Arbor, MI, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Measurements of pelvic floor muscle strength are contaminated by crosstalk from intra-abdominal pressure. We tested an improved instrumented speculum designed to minimize this crosstalk. The hypotheses were that the speculum yields: 1) maximum vaginal closure forces unrelated to intra-abdominal pressure, 2) discriminatory validity between women with strong vs. weak pelvic ...
Ripley David P DP Multidisciplinary Cardiovascular Research Centre (MCRC) & Leeds Institute of Cardiovascular and Metabolic Medicine, University of Leeds , Leeds , UK - - 2014
Abstract Background: Increased arterial stiffness independently predicts adverse prognosis. While different antihypertensive strategies produce different magnitudes of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) regression, there are no comparative data on how these strategies affect arterial stiffness. The aim was to determine the longitudinal change in aortic stiffness following the treatment of essential ...
Kagawa Hiroshi H Department of Cardiac Surgery, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Minato-ku, Tokyo, - - 2014
Hyperoxemic management during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is still common, and there is no consensus about physiologic oxygen tension strategy (normoxemic management) during pediatric CPB. In this study, we compared the postoperative conditions and measures of inflammatory response among patients with acyanotic congenital heart disease subjected to either hyperoxemic or normoxemic ...
Valian Azam A Department of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Topographic analysis of treated ceramics provides qualitative information regarding the surface texture affecting the micromechanical retention and locking of resin-ceramics. This study aims to compare the surface microstructure following different surface treatments of feldspathic porcelain. This in-vitro study was conducted on 72 porcelain discs randomly divided into 12 groups (n=6). ...
Al-Metwalli Roshdi Roshdi RR Department of Anaethesia, University of Dammam, King Fahad Hospital, Al-Khobar 31952, Saudi - - 2014
The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of sealing pressure as an inflation technique of the Microcuff pediatric tracheal cuffed tube. A total of 60 children were enrolled in this study. After induction of anesthesia and intubation with Microcuff pediatric tracheal tube, patients were randomly ...
Kaihara Toshiki T Niijima-mura National Health Insurance Clinic, Tokyo, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to assess whether a home blood pressure (HBP) telemonitoring system could improve BP control and overcome the problems of HBP monitoring in a remote location. The authors enrolled 60 subjects and randomized them to either a Telemonitoring group or a Control group. The outcomes ...
Nickell Jordan J William R. Pritchard Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California-Davis, Davis, - - 2014
To determine the effects of intratesticular and incisional injection of local anesthetics on response to castration, surgical ease, and recovery in alpacas. Prospective, blinded, randomized, and clinical trial. Intact male alpacas (n = 38). Alpacas were anesthetized with intramuscular butorphanol, ketamine, and xylazine (BKX). Once recumbent, alpacas were instrumented with electrocardiogram, pulse ...
Taylor R J RJ Department of Medical Physics, Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust, Salford, - - 2014
We describe the development and laboratory assessment of a refined prototype tactile feedback device for the safe and accurate application of cricoid pressure. We recruited 20 operating department practitioners and compared their performance of cricoid pressure on a training simulator using both the device and a manual unaided technique. The ...
Bodicoat Danielle H DH Diabetes Research Centre, University of Leicester, Leicester, - - 2014
Continuous quality improvement programmes often target several aspects of care, some of which may be more effective meaning that resources could be focussed on these. The objective was to identify the effective and ineffective aspects of a successful continuous quality improvement programme for individuals with type 2 diabetes in primary ...
Mullin Darren S DS University of Missouri - Kansas City, Kansas City, MO, - - 2014
Accurate deception detection is a desirable goal with many applications including credibility assessment, security screening, counter-terrorism, and homeland security. However, many deception detection methodologies involve intrusive sensors or other limitations that preclude their use in a covert manner. Posturography may overcome these limitations by using minimally invasive force platform technology. ...
Jajja A A Human Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle University, Campus for Ageing and Vitality, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE4 5PL, - - 2014
Although inorganic nitrate and beetroot juice supplementation are associated with decreased systolic blood pressure (BP), these results have primarily been obtained from short-term trials that focused on healthy young adults. Therefore, we hypothesized that oral supplementation of beetroot juice concentrate would decrease systolic BP in overweight older participants but that ...
Belafsky Peter C PC Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Center for Voice and Swallowing, UC Davis School of Medicine, University of California, 2521 Stockton Blvd, Suite 7200, Sacramento, CA, 95817, USA, - - 2014
Profound oropharyngeal dysphagia (OPD) is common and costly. Treatment options are limited. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the utility of hypopharyngeal suction at the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) to eliminate aspiration. Five different catheters were passed retrograde up the esophagus and positioned at the UES in a ...
Angioli Roberto R Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, "Campus Bio-Medico" University of Rome, Via Álvaro Del Portillo, 200-00128, Rome, - - 2014
Studies on the influence of CO2 pneumoperitoneum on the abdominal cavity during robotic procedures are lacking. This is the first study to evaluate surgical field modifications related to CO2 pressure, during laparoscopic and robotic surgery. Consecutive patients scheduled for laparoscopic or robotic hysterectomy were enrolled in the study. To evaluate ...
Güler Mete M *Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Adiyaman University †Department of Ophthalmology, Adiyaman University Education and Research Hospital, Adiyaman, - - 2014
To compare intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements obtained by Icare PRO rebound tonometer (RT), Tomey FT-1000 noncontact tonometer (NCT), and Goldmann applanation tonometer (GAT) in healthy subjects, and to investigate the influence of central corneal thickness (CCT) on IOP measurements. A total of 132 eyes of 66 healthy subjects were included ...
Huang Yi-Chih - - 2014
This retrospective cohort study aimed to determine if there are differences in cardiovascular co-morbidities, blood pressure (BP) and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) use between patients with positional-dependent and nonpositional-dependent obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Patients who were referred for overnight polysomnography for suspected OSA between 2007 and 2011 were screened. ...
Mathai S S SS Professor & Head, Dept of Pediatrics, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune 411040, - - 2014
Studies on Bubble Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (B-CPAP) as respiratory support for neonates are few. The aim of our study was to determine the efficacy and safety of B-CPAP in preterm neonates requiring respiratory support. A prospective observation study was done on 50 preterm babies requiring respiratory support for mild ...
Kim Mi-Hyun MH Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, Catholic University of Korea, Seocho-Go, Seoul, South - - 2014
Based on experimental results, various authors have advocated a size 4 ProSeal™ laryngeal mask airway (PLMA) in preference to a size 3 PLMA for women given a neuromuscular blocking agent because the larger size provided a better airway seal. However, spontaneously breathing patients may be ventilated adequately with a lower ...
Mohan R R Division of Plastic, Reconstructive and Maxillofacial Surgery, R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, University of Maryland Medical Center, Baltimore, MD, - - 2014
Abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) is a severe complication of ventral hernia repair. The aims of this study were to investigate the effects of intra-abdominal pressure on the physiologic changes of abdominal wall reconstruction and component separation in a porcine model. Ventral hernia repair (VHR) was simulated by abdominal fascial imbrication ...
Baig Nafees B NB From the Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences (Baig, Lam, Jhanji, Chong, Tham), the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Eye Hospital (Baig, Lam, Tham), and Hong Kong Laser Eye Center (Cheng, Woo), Hong Kong, - - 2014
To document the intraocular pressure (IOP) profiles during femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery. Refractive cataract surgery center. Prospective case series. Intraocular pressure was measured using a handheld portable applanation tonometer (Tono-Pen Avia) during femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery using the Victus platform. Forty-one eyes of 35 patients were recruited. The mean age ...
Kołakowska Urszula U Department of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Medical University of Białystok, Białystok, - - 2014
Salusins are recently identified endogenous bioactive peptides that have hypotensive and bradycardiac effects. Salusin-β is involved in the pathogenesis of human atherosclerosis. This was a prospective cohort study of a young patient population with hypertension (HTN). Based on ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM), the adolescents were categorized into two groups, ...
Kronish Ian M IM From the Center for Behavioral Cardiovascular Health, Department of Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY (I.M.K.); Departments of Medicine (J.Z.G., C.R.H.), Health Evidence and Policy (R.N., K.F., C.R.H.), and Neurology (S.T.), Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY; and Department of Family Medicine, Institute for Family Health, New York, NY (G.A.). - - 2014
Efforts to reduce disparities in recurrent stroke among Black and Latino stroke survivors have met with limited success. We aimed to determine the effect of peer education on secondary stroke prevention among predominantly minority stroke survivors. Between 2009 and 2012, we enrolled 600 stroke or transient ischemic attack survivors from ...
Chen Ji-Hua - - 2014
Purpose: To determine whether high-pressure air blowing during adhesive application affects the infiltration of resin comonomers and nanoleakage manifestation in the resin/dentin interface under simulated pulpal pressure. Materials and Methods: Thirty mid-coronal dentin surfaces were bonded with an etch-and-rinse adhesive (Adper Single Bond 2) under simulated pulpal pressure. In the ...
Ribas Thibault T Vetagro Sup Veterinary Campus of Lyon, Marcy l'étoile, France Department of Veterinary Clinical Science, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA - - 2014
Objectives To evaluate the effects of intramuscular (IM) injections of alfaxalone combined with butorphanol on echocardiographic (ECG) measurements in cats. Methods Client-owned adult domestic shorthair cats younger than 5 years of age were recruited. All cats that were considered healthy on the basis of physical examination, blood work, urinalysis, blood ...
Guzet Feza F aDepartment of Cardiology, Istanbul Surp Pırgic Armenian Foundation Hospital bDepartment of Cardiology, Medikalpark Fatih Hospital Affiliation of İstanbul Kemerburgaz University cDepartment Cardiology, Süreyyapaşa Chest and Chest Surgery Center, Istanbul, 34648, - - 2014
To compare the methods of office blood pressure (BP) measurement and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) to ensure optimal BP control in hypertensive anticoagulated patients. Seventy-eight patients who were receiving antihypertensive drugs and warfarin in a dose-adjusted approach to achieve therapeutic international normalized ratio because of the association of atrial ...
Yazdi Hamidreza H Department of Knee Surgery, Firoozgar Hospital, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran, - - 2014
The progression of knee osteoarthritis (OA) is determined in part by mechanical effects on local structures. The mechanical influences of limb malalignment on cartilage loss are well known; however, the effect of rotational deformities on knee OA is not yet known. The aim of the current study was to evaluate ...
Taurino M M Department of Vascular Surgery, Sant'Andrea Hospital, University of Rome - "La Sapienza", Rome, - - 2014
The eversion carotid endartectomy (E-CEA), mainly performed by means of Vanmaele technique, has been associated with loss of the baroreceptor reflex and postoperative hypertension. The purpose of this paper is to determine whether the eversion endarterectomy performed by means of Chevalier technique (C-CEA) modifies the function and the efficiency of ...
Hirsch Hans H - - 2014
To the Editor: Boulware et al. (June 26 issue)(1) address the timing of initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for human immunodeficiency virus-associated cryptococcal meningitis, and they conclude that excess mortality in association with "earlier ART" was probably due to the immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS). However, they reported no significant ...
Drain Paul K - - 2014
To the Editor: Boulware et al. (June 26 issue)(1) address the timing of initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for human immunodeficiency virus-associated cryptococcal meningitis, and they conclude that excess mortality in association with "earlier ART" was probably due to the immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS). However, they reported no significant ...
- - 2014
To the Editor: Boulware et al. (June 26 issue)(1) address the timing of initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for human immunodeficiency virus-associated cryptococcal meningitis, and they conclude that excess mortality in association with "earlier ART" was probably due to the immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS). However, they reported no significant ...
Begolo Stefano S Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, California 91125, USA. - - 2014
Equipment-free pumping is a challenging problem and an active area of research in microfluidics, with applications for both laboratory and limited-resource settings. This paper describes the pumping lid method, a strategy to achieve equipment-free pumping by controlled generation of pressure. Pressure was generated using portable, lightweight, and disposable parts that ...
Vlachos Pavlos P PP School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, Purdue Mall, West Lafayette, IN, 47906, USA, - - 2014
This work aims to provide a methodology to improve the analysis of color-M-Mode (CMM) echocardiograms, as used to assess cardiac function. Specifically, we presented a methodology for the combined analysis of multiple heartbeat cycles and improve the accuracy of intraventricular pressure difference (IVPD) calculation. CMM sweep speed and heartbeat variations ...
Gunningberg Lena L Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to (i) describe registered nurses' and assistant nurses' repositioning skills with regard to their existing attitudes to and theoretical knowledge of pressure ulcer (PU) prevention, and (ii) evaluate if the continuous bedside pressure mapping (CBPM) system provides staff with a pedagogic tool to optimise ...
Arora Anuprita S AS Auckland Bioengineering Institute, University of Auckland, Auckland, New - - 2014
A wireless intravaginal pressure sensor (IVPS) has been developed to quantify abdominal pressure (Pabd) changes during exercise and activities of daily living to guide post-operative advice given to women. In this pilot study, we aimed to compare IVPS performance, comfort, retention, and acceptability to a standard fluid-filled intrarectal pressure catheter ...
Topçu H O HO Zekai Tahir Burak Women Health Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine the effects of different intra-abdominal pressure values on visceral pain following gynecologic laparoscopic surgery in the Trendelenburg position. This randomized, controlled prospective trial was conducted at a tertiary education hospital and included 150 patients who underwent gynecologic laparoscopy with different abdominal insufflation pressures. There were 54 patients in ...
Figueroa Arturo A From the 1Department of Nutrition, Food, and Exercise Sciences, The Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL; and 2Department of Physical Education, University of Puerto - - 2014
High ankle systolic blood pressure (SBP; ≥175 mm Hg) is associated with arterial stiffness (pulse wave velocity [PWV]) and cardiac events. This study aims to investigate the effects of whole-body vibration (WBV) training on ankle SBP and its associations with changes in PWV and aortic SBP in postmenopausal women. Thirty-six ...
Widder Randolf A RA Department of Ophthalmology, St. Martinus-Krankenhaus, Gladbacher Str. 26, 40219, Düsseldorf, Germany, - - 2014
To evaluate the potential of lowering intraocular pressure in pseudoexfoliation glaucoma with combined phacoemulsification, Trabectome, and trabecular aspiration (triple procedure) compared to phacoemulsification and trabecular aspiration alone. Using a case-matched retrospective study design, 30 patients were included into each group. The main outcome measures were the reduction of intraocular pressure ...
Li E S ES 1] Faculty of Science, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada [2] Neonatal Research Unit, Royal Alexandra Hospital, Edmonton, AB, Canada [3] Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, - - 2014
Objective:To assess development of fatigue during chest compressions (CCs) in simulated neonatal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).Study design:Prospective randomized manikin crossover study. Thirty neonatal healthcare professionals who successfully completed the Neonatal Resuscitation Program performed CPR using (i) 3:1 compression:ventilation (C:V) ratio, (ii) continuous CC with asynchronous ventilation (CCaV) at a rate of ...
Marvel Sarah S Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, - - 2014
To compare a vessel sealant device to hemostatic clips for cystic duct ligation in a canine cadaveric model. Experimental. Hepatobiliary systems were collected from normal dogs. A microtip pressure transducer was inserted into the common bile duct and a 20-24 g intravenous catheter was placed in a hepatic duct. The cystic ...
Babic Mirko M Ophthalmology Clinic at University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, - - 2014
To evaluate the reproducibility of intraocular pressure peaks and fluctuation elicited during the water drinking test in treated glaucomatous patients with a long follow-up interval. Retrospective cohort study in a tertiary care practice. 34 treated primary open-angle glaucoma patients. All patients underwent the water drinking test performed in two consecutive ...
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