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Angioli Roberto R Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, "Campus Bio-Medico" University of Rome, Via Álvaro Del Portillo, 200-00128, Rome, - - 2014
Studies on the influence of CO2 pneumoperitoneum on the abdominal cavity during robotic procedures are lacking. This is the first study to evaluate surgical field modifications related to CO2 pressure, during laparoscopic and robotic surgery. Consecutive patients scheduled for laparoscopic or robotic hysterectomy were enrolled in the study. To evaluate ...
Güler Mete M *Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Adiyaman University †Department of Ophthalmology, Adiyaman University Education and Research Hospital, Adiyaman, - - 2014
To compare intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements obtained by Icare PRO rebound tonometer (RT), Tomey FT-1000 noncontact tonometer (NCT), and Goldmann applanation tonometer (GAT) in healthy subjects, and to investigate the influence of central corneal thickness (CCT) on IOP measurements. A total of 132 eyes of 66 healthy subjects were included ...
Huang Yi-Chih - - 2014
This retrospective cohort study aimed to determine if there are differences in cardiovascular co-morbidities, blood pressure (BP) and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) use between patients with positional-dependent and nonpositional-dependent obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Patients who were referred for overnight polysomnography for suspected OSA between 2007 and 2011 were screened. ...
Kim Mi-Hyun MH Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, Catholic University of Korea, Seocho-Go, Seoul, South - - 2014
Based on experimental results, various authors have advocated a size 4 ProSeal™ laryngeal mask airway (PLMA) in preference to a size 3 PLMA for women given a neuromuscular blocking agent because the larger size provided a better airway seal. However, spontaneously breathing patients may be ventilated adequately with a lower ...
Mohan R R Division of Plastic, Reconstructive and Maxillofacial Surgery, R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, University of Maryland Medical Center, Baltimore, MD, - - 2014
Abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) is a severe complication of ventral hernia repair. The aims of this study were to investigate the effects of intra-abdominal pressure on the physiologic changes of abdominal wall reconstruction and component separation in a porcine model. Ventral hernia repair (VHR) was simulated by abdominal fascial imbrication ...
Baig Nafees B NB From the Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences (Baig, Lam, Jhanji, Chong, Tham), the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Eye Hospital (Baig, Lam, Tham), and Hong Kong Laser Eye Center (Cheng, Woo), Hong Kong, - - 2014
To document the intraocular pressure (IOP) profiles during femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery. Refractive cataract surgery center. Prospective case series. Intraocular pressure was measured using a handheld portable applanation tonometer (Tono-Pen Avia) during femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery using the Victus platform. Forty-one eyes of 35 patients were recruited. The mean age ...
Kołakowska Urszula U Department of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Medical University of Białystok, Białystok, - - 2014
Salusins are recently identified endogenous bioactive peptides that have hypotensive and bradycardiac effects. Salusin-β is involved in the pathogenesis of human atherosclerosis. This was a prospective cohort study of a young patient population with hypertension (HTN). Based on ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM), the adolescents were categorized into two groups, ...
Kronish Ian M IM From the Center for Behavioral Cardiovascular Health, Department of Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY (I.M.K.); Departments of Medicine (J.Z.G., C.R.H.), Health Evidence and Policy (R.N., K.F., C.R.H.), and Neurology (S.T.), Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY; and Department of Family Medicine, Institute for Family Health, New York, NY (G.A.). - - 2014
Efforts to reduce disparities in recurrent stroke among Black and Latino stroke survivors have met with limited success. We aimed to determine the effect of peer education on secondary stroke prevention among predominantly minority stroke survivors. Between 2009 and 2012, we enrolled 600 stroke or transient ischemic attack survivors from ...
Chen Ji-Hua - - 2014
Purpose: To determine whether high-pressure air blowing during adhesive application affects the infiltration of resin comonomers and nanoleakage manifestation in the resin/dentin interface under simulated pulpal pressure. Materials and Methods: Thirty mid-coronal dentin surfaces were bonded with an etch-and-rinse adhesive (Adper Single Bond 2) under simulated pulpal pressure. In the ...
Ribas Thibault T Vetagro Sup Veterinary Campus of Lyon, Marcy l'étoile, France Department of Veterinary Clinical Science, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA - - 2014
Objectives To evaluate the effects of intramuscular (IM) injections of alfaxalone combined with butorphanol on echocardiographic (ECG) measurements in cats. Methods Client-owned adult domestic shorthair cats younger than 5 years of age were recruited. All cats that were considered healthy on the basis of physical examination, blood work, urinalysis, blood ...
Guzet Feza F aDepartment of Cardiology, Istanbul Surp Pırgic Armenian Foundation Hospital bDepartment of Cardiology, Medikalpark Fatih Hospital Affiliation of İstanbul Kemerburgaz University cDepartment Cardiology, Süreyyapaşa Chest and Chest Surgery Center, Istanbul, 34648, - - 2014
To compare the methods of office blood pressure (BP) measurement and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) to ensure optimal BP control in hypertensive anticoagulated patients. Seventy-eight patients who were receiving antihypertensive drugs and warfarin in a dose-adjusted approach to achieve therapeutic international normalized ratio because of the association of atrial ...
Yazdi Hamidreza H Department of Knee Surgery, Firoozgar Hospital, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran, - - 2014
The progression of knee osteoarthritis (OA) is determined in part by mechanical effects on local structures. The mechanical influences of limb malalignment on cartilage loss are well known; however, the effect of rotational deformities on knee OA is not yet known. The aim of the current study was to evaluate ...
Taurino M M Department of Vascular Surgery, Sant'Andrea Hospital, University of Rome - "La Sapienza", Rome, - - 2014
The eversion carotid endartectomy (E-CEA), mainly performed by means of Vanmaele technique, has been associated with loss of the baroreceptor reflex and postoperative hypertension. The purpose of this paper is to determine whether the eversion endarterectomy performed by means of Chevalier technique (C-CEA) modifies the function and the efficiency of ...
Hirsch Hans H - - 2014
To the Editor: Boulware et al. (June 26 issue)(1) address the timing of initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for human immunodeficiency virus-associated cryptococcal meningitis, and they conclude that excess mortality in association with "earlier ART" was probably due to the immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS). However, they reported no significant ...
Drain Paul K - - 2014
To the Editor: Boulware et al. (June 26 issue)(1) address the timing of initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for human immunodeficiency virus-associated cryptococcal meningitis, and they conclude that excess mortality in association with "earlier ART" was probably due to the immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS). However, they reported no significant ...
- - 2014
To the Editor: Boulware et al. (June 26 issue)(1) address the timing of initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for human immunodeficiency virus-associated cryptococcal meningitis, and they conclude that excess mortality in association with "earlier ART" was probably due to the immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS). However, they reported no significant ...
Begolo Stefano S Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, California 91125, USA. - - 2014
Equipment-free pumping is a challenging problem and an active area of research in microfluidics, with applications for both laboratory and limited-resource settings. This paper describes the pumping lid method, a strategy to achieve equipment-free pumping by controlled generation of pressure. Pressure was generated using portable, lightweight, and disposable parts that ...
Vlachos Pavlos P PP School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, Purdue Mall, West Lafayette, IN, 47906, USA, - - 2014
This work aims to provide a methodology to improve the analysis of color-M-Mode (CMM) echocardiograms, as used to assess cardiac function. Specifically, we presented a methodology for the combined analysis of multiple heartbeat cycles and improve the accuracy of intraventricular pressure difference (IVPD) calculation. CMM sweep speed and heartbeat variations ...
Gunningberg Lena L Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to (i) describe registered nurses' and assistant nurses' repositioning skills with regard to their existing attitudes to and theoretical knowledge of pressure ulcer (PU) prevention, and (ii) evaluate if the continuous bedside pressure mapping (CBPM) system provides staff with a pedagogic tool to optimise ...
Arora Anuprita S AS Auckland Bioengineering Institute, University of Auckland, Auckland, New - - 2014
A wireless intravaginal pressure sensor (IVPS) has been developed to quantify abdominal pressure (Pabd) changes during exercise and activities of daily living to guide post-operative advice given to women. In this pilot study, we aimed to compare IVPS performance, comfort, retention, and acceptability to a standard fluid-filled intrarectal pressure catheter ...
Topçu H O HO Zekai Tahir Burak Women Health Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine the effects of different intra-abdominal pressure values on visceral pain following gynecologic laparoscopic surgery in the Trendelenburg position. This randomized, controlled prospective trial was conducted at a tertiary education hospital and included 150 patients who underwent gynecologic laparoscopy with different abdominal insufflation pressures. There were 54 patients in ...
Figueroa Arturo A From the 1Department of Nutrition, Food, and Exercise Sciences, The Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL; and 2Department of Physical Education, University of Puerto - - 2014
High ankle systolic blood pressure (SBP; ≥175 mm Hg) is associated with arterial stiffness (pulse wave velocity [PWV]) and cardiac events. This study aims to investigate the effects of whole-body vibration (WBV) training on ankle SBP and its associations with changes in PWV and aortic SBP in postmenopausal women. Thirty-six ...
Widder Randolf A RA Department of Ophthalmology, St. Martinus-Krankenhaus, Gladbacher Str. 26, 40219, Düsseldorf, Germany, - - 2014
To evaluate the potential of lowering intraocular pressure in pseudoexfoliation glaucoma with combined phacoemulsification, Trabectome, and trabecular aspiration (triple procedure) compared to phacoemulsification and trabecular aspiration alone. Using a case-matched retrospective study design, 30 patients were included into each group. The main outcome measures were the reduction of intraocular pressure ...
Li E S ES 1] Faculty of Science, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada [2] Neonatal Research Unit, Royal Alexandra Hospital, Edmonton, AB, Canada [3] Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, - - 2014
Objective:To assess development of fatigue during chest compressions (CCs) in simulated neonatal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).Study design:Prospective randomized manikin crossover study. Thirty neonatal healthcare professionals who successfully completed the Neonatal Resuscitation Program performed CPR using (i) 3:1 compression:ventilation (C:V) ratio, (ii) continuous CC with asynchronous ventilation (CCaV) at a rate of ...
Marvel Sarah S Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, - - 2014
To compare a vessel sealant device to hemostatic clips for cystic duct ligation in a canine cadaveric model. Experimental. Hepatobiliary systems were collected from normal dogs. A microtip pressure transducer was inserted into the common bile duct and a 20-24 g intravenous catheter was placed in a hepatic duct. The cystic ...
Babic Mirko M Ophthalmology Clinic at University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, - - 2014
To evaluate the reproducibility of intraocular pressure peaks and fluctuation elicited during the water drinking test in treated glaucomatous patients with a long follow-up interval. Retrospective cohort study in a tertiary care practice. 34 treated primary open-angle glaucoma patients. All patients underwent the water drinking test performed in two consecutive ...
Kul Seref S Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Bezmialem Vakif University , Istanbul , - - 2014
Objectives. Autonomic dysfunction (AD) is frequent in sarcoidosis and considered a result of small fiber neuropathy. A non-dipper blood pressure (BP) pattern, which is also linked to AD, is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular and renal diseases. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the non-dipping BP ...
Garcez Flávia Barreto FB Departamento de Fisiologia, Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, Universidade Federal de Sergipe, 49100-000, São Cristóvão-SE, Brasil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Due to the high prevalence of anxiety disorders and hypertension comorbidity in the general population, the establishment of anxiety as a risk factor for elevated blood pressure, or the reverse, is of great relevance. In this context, animal models can be of great scientific value, as they permit the control ...
Leibowitz David D Jerusalem Institute of Aging Research, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center and Hebrew University Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem, - - 2014
Objectives: The objectives of the study were to assess pulmonary artery systolic pressure, its association with clinical and echocardiographic variables and its impact on 5-year mortality in a community-dwelling population of the oldest old. Methods: Subjects were recruited from the Jerusalem Longitudinal Cohort Study. Echocardiography was performed at home, with ...
Ghobrial George M GM *Department of Neurological Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, 909 Walnut St., 3rd floor, Philadelphia, PA 19107 †Professor of Neurological Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University - - 2014
Open-label Laboratory Investigational Study; Non-animal Surgical Simulation OBJECTIVES:: The authors perform a comparison of dural closure strength in a durotomy simulator across two different suture materials. Incidental durotomy leading to persistent cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak adds considerable morbidity to spinal procedures, often complicating routine elective lumbar spinal procedures. Using an ...
Santini Mario M Thoracic Surgery Unit, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy - - 2014
Objective. To evaluate the feasibility and the effectiveness of LigaSure Forced Triad to create intestinal anastomosis in an ex vivo porcino model. Methods. Colon samples (n = 100) were prospectively randomized into 2 groups: LigaSure group (n = 90) and Stapler group (n = 10). The LigaSure group was divided ...
Nargesi Arash A AA Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center (EMRC), Vali-Asr Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
The authors aimed to quantify end-digit and threshold biases in blood pressure (BP) measurement with manual and digital sphygmomanometers. In a 3-year follow-up, end-digit and threshold biases were investigated and a new index, called the deviation index, was used to quantify measurement bias. The distribution of systolic and diastolic BPs ...
Duncan Michael J MJ Department of Biomolecular and Sports Science, Coventry University, Coventry, West Midlands, United - - 2014
This study examined the utility of the Ruiz et al. cut-points when examining body mass index (BMI) and resting blood pressure in young people. Two hundred fifty-six children (154 girls and 102 boys) aged 7-16 years underwent assessment of BMI, physical maturation, resting systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood ...
Sarkar Srimanta S GEA-NUS Pharmaceutical Processing Research Laboratory, Department of Pharmacy, National University of Singapore, 18 Science Drive, 117543, - - 2014
This study investigated the influence of different disintegrants, present in different substrate physical forms, on dimensional recovery of multi-component tablets prepared at different compression pressures. Formulations containing model drug, metformin, (10%, w/w), different disintegrants (10%, w/w), and lactose (80%, w/w) were compressed directly or after granulation using polyvinyl pyrrolidone (1%, ...
Chinapaw Mai Jm - - 2014
Evidence on the association between different screen behaviours and cardiometabolic biomarkers in children is limited. We examined the independent relationship of TV time and PC time with cardiometabolic biomarkers in Dutch 5-6 year old children. Cross-sectional analyses were conducted December 2012-March 2013 using data from a multi-ethnic cohort (the ABCD ...
Moustafa Moustafa Abdelaziz MA Department of Anaesthesia, Alexandria Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria, Egypt. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine, by fiberoptic endoscope, malpositioning of the Laryngeal Mask Airway (LMA) and other extraglottic devices. Prospective study. University-affiliated medical center. 60 adult, ASA physical status 1 and 2 patients, aged 20 - 60 years, scheduled to undergo ophthalmic procedures with general anesthesia during controlled ventilation via LMA (Laryseal). Adequacy ...
Wahidunnabi Abdullahil K AK UBC Bioreactor Technology Group, School of Engineering, University of British Columbia, Okanagan Campus, 3333 University Way, Kelowna, BC V1V 1V7, - - 2014
This study compared advanced anaerobic digestion combining two-phased anaerobic digestion (2PAD) with high pressure homogenization (HPH) pretreatment to conventional anaerobic digestion of municipal sludge at laboratory scale. The study began with examination of thickened waste activated sludge (TWAS) solubilization due to HPH pretreatment at different pressure (0-12,000 psi) and chemical dose ...
Manzano Francisco F Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Universitario Virgen de las Nieves, C/Avenida de las Fuerzas Armadas, 2, 18014, Granada, Spain, - - 2014
The objective was to compare the effectiveness of repositioning every 2 or 4 h for preventing pressure ulcer development in patients in intensive care unit under mechanical ventilation (MV). This was a pragmatic, open-label randomized clinical trial in consecutive patients on an alternating pressure air mattress (APAM) requiring invasive MV for at ...
Salom-Moreno Jaime J Professor, Department of Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation of Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Alcorcón, Spain; Professor, Cátedra de Investigación y Docencia en Fisioterapia: Terapia Manual y Punción Seca, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Alcorcón, Madrid, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of deep dry needling (DDN) on spasticity, pressure sensitivity, and plantar pressure in patients who have had stroke. A randomized controlled trial was conducted. Thirty-four patients who previously had a stroke were randomly assigned either an experimental group that received ...
Thiyagarajan Ramkumar R Department of Physiology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, - - 2014
High blood pressure (BP) is a known risk factor for cardiovascular disease morbidity. Considering the growing evidence of nonpharmacological interventions in the management of high BP, we designed a randomized, parallel active-controlled study on the effect of yoga and standard lifestyle modification (LSM) on BP and heart rate in individuals ...
Ishizuka Tomohito T Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Rakuno Gakuen - - 2014
Effects of intermittent positive pressure ventilation (IPPV) on cardiopulmonary function were evaluated in horses anesthetized with total intravenous anesthesia using constant rate infusions of medetomidine (3.5 µg/kg/hr), lidocaine (3 mg/kg/hr), butorphanol (24 µg/kg/hr) and propofol (0.1 mg/kg/min) (MLBP-TIVA). Five horses were anesthetized twice using MLBP-TIVA with or without IPPV at ...
Smith P P Department of Anaesthetics, Great Ormond Street Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, - - 2014
We performed a review of published literature comparing the i-gel(™) with other supraglottic airway devices in children. Sixty-two articles were identified following a literature search; we included data from 14 randomised controlled trials and eight observational studies that compared i-gel sizes 1-2.5 with other commonly used, equivalently-sized, devices. The primary ...
Kotanko Peter P Renal Research Institute, New York, New York. Electronic address: - - 2014
Mortality rates in dialysis patients are as high as 20% per year. Recent epidemiologic evidence indicates common patterns in biological and clinical indicators before death. Blood pressure, serum albumin levels, C-reactive protein, body weight, and other indicators change, at a population level, at an accelerated rate of change months before ...
Elixmann Inga M - - 2014
Hydrocephalus is characterized by an excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Therapeutically, an artificial pressure relief valve (so-called shunt) is implanted which opens in case of increased intracranial pressure (ICP) and drains CSF into another body compartment. Today, available shunts are of a mechanical nature and drainage depends on the ...
Kheirabadi Bijan S BS From the US Army Institute of Surgical Research, JBSA Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, - - 2014
Groin application of Combat Ready Clamp (CRoC) in pigs elicits an acute inflammation in underlying ischemic tissues. This study examined functional recovery of pigs' hind leg(s) following 2 hours of CRoC application. Left femoral arteries were isolated and injured in anesthetized pigs. Following 25% hemorrhage, CRoC was applied on the ...
Nakano Shintaro S Department of Cardiology, International Medical Centre, Saitama Medical University, Japan - - 2014
Adaptive servo-ventilation has a potential sympathoinhibitory effect in acute cardiogenic pulmonary oedema (ACPO). To evaluate the acute effects of adaptive servo-ventilation in patients with ACPO. Fifty-eight consecutive patients with ACPO were divided into those who underwent adaptive servo-ventilation and those who received oxygen therapy alone as part of their immediate ...
Rezende Daniel Tavares DT Department of Surgery, Paulista School of Medicine, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
The upper esophageal sphincter is composed of striated muscle. The stress of intubation and the need to inhibit dry swallows during an esophageal manometry test may lead to variations in basal pressure of this sphincter. Upper esophageal sphincter is usually only studied at the final part of the test. Was ...
Park Kyung Hee KH Kyung Hee Park, PhD, RN, CWOCN, KGNP, Director of Samsung Medical Center International Wound Ostomy Continence Nursing Educational Program, Department of Nursing, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, South - - 2014
We measured the effect of a silicone border foam dressing on the development of pressure ulcers (PUs) and incontinence-associated dermatitis in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Nonrandomized comparison cohort (quasi-experimental) study. One hundred and two patients (>40 years of age) with a Braden Scale score of 16 or less who ...
Ripley Lindsay L Dallas VA Medical Center (111A), 4500 South Lancaster Road, Dallas, TX 75216 USA. - - 2014
To determine the impact of music intervention on endothelial function, hemodynamics, and patient anxiety before, during, and after cardiac catheterization. The effect of music therapy during cardiac catheterization on endothelial function and patient satisfaction has received limited study. Seventy patients undergoing elective cardiac catheterization were randomized to music therapy (n=36) ...
Hegarty-Craver M M North Carolina State University, Raleigh, - - 2014
The objective of this paper is to provide a definition for interface compression that uses essential principles of engineering science. This definition discusses factors that influence the amount of applied pressure, including the size of the limb, the amount of fabric tension (graduated pressure profile), the number of layers, and ...
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