Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1475
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Rauchová Hana - - 2005
The aim of this study was to evaluate the production of superoxide anions as well as their role in the induction and/or maintenance of high blood pressure in rats with N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME)-induced hypertension. In the preventive study, we compared adult Wistar rats treated with L-NAME for 4 weeks ...
Boustany Carine M - - 2005
Previous studies in our laboratory demonstrated that rats exhibiting obesity in response to a moderately high-fat (MHF) diet developed hypertension associated with activation of the local and systemic renin-angiotensin system. In this study, we examined the effect of the angiotensin type 1 (AT(1))-receptor antagonist, losartan, on blood pressure in obesity-prone ...
Michalkiewicz Mieczyslaw - - 2005
Neuropeptide Y is a potent inhibitory neurotransmitter expressed in the central neurons that control blood pressure. NO also serves as an inhibitory neurotransmitter, and its deficit causes sympathetic overactivity, which then contributes to hypertension. This study tested the hypothesis that neuropeptide Y functions as a central neurotransmitter to lower blood ...
Tovote Philip - - 2005
Fear-inducing stimuli were hypothesized to elicit fast heart rate (HR) responses but slow mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) responses and thus were studied in auditory fear conditioning and acoustic startle at high temporal resolution in freely moving mice and rats. Fear-induced instantaneous acceleration of HR reaching maximum physiological values and ...
Moffitt Julia A - - 2005
The function of the arterial baroreflex has traditionally been assessed by measurement of reflex changes in heart rate (HR) or sympathetic nerve activity resulting from experimenter-induced manipulation of arterial blood pressure (the Oxford method, also termed the pharmacological method). However, logistical and flexibility limitations of this technique have promoted the ...
Lemmer Björn - - 2005
Transgenic hypertensive TGR(mREN2)27 rats (TGR) exhibit an inverse circadian blood pressure profile from the age of 8 to 9 wk. To investigate the role of the sympathetic nervous system in this pathological blood pressure rhythm, we examined postnatal changes in catecholamine concentration, expression of tyrosine-hydroxylase (TH), and norepinephrine (NE) reuptake(1)-transporter ...
Kuo Wei-Wen - - 2005
The contribution of the mitochondrial components, the main source of energy for the cardiac hypertrophic growth induced by pressure overload, is not well understood. In the present study, complete coarctation of abdominal aorta was used to induce the rapid development of cardiac hypertrophy in rats. One to two days after ...
Abdelrahman Aly Mohamed - - 2005
Substance P is an undecapeptide that belongs to the mammalian tachykinin family. We investigated the effects of substance P on venous tone in conscious rats through measurement of mean circulatory filling pressure. The effects of substance P (10 and 30 nmol/kg, IV) and the vehicle (0.9% NaCl) on mean arterial ...
Kalaitzis Christos - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To define the role of the renal nerves of the contralateral kidney in the maintenance of two-kidney, one-clip (2K-1C) renovascular hypertension in rats. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The contralateral kidney of 2K-1C rats was denervated 6 months after induction of hypertension and 4 weeks after nephrectomy of the clipped kidney. ...
Bernard Bruce K - - 2005
The consumption of fermented milk to maintain good health, including the maintance of normal blood pressure, is an ancient tradition in a number of areas of the world (e.g., East Asia, France). Recent studies have suggested that fermented milk has a normotensive effect in hypertensive rats and humans, but no ...
Shingala J R - - 2005
We investigated the antihypertensive effect of 5-HT1A agonist (buspirone) and 5-HT2B antagonists (SB204741 and SB200646) in deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt-induced hypertensive rats. Experiments were divided into two sets: in the first set, sham-operated control and DOCA-treated hypertensive rats received buspirone (1 mg/kg/day p.o. for 4 weeks) and in the second set, ...
Etard Olivier - - 2004
The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of the vestibular system in cardiovascular control in a varying gravito-inertial field induced by parabolic flight. We measured variations in arterial pressure and heart rate in eight awake rats, four of which had undergone bilateral labyrinthectomy 3 months previously. While ...
Turcani Marian - - 2004
1 Reduction in repolarizing potassium currents has controversial effects on hypertrophic responses in cardiomyocytes of transgenic models and cultured cardiomyocytes. It remains thus unknown whether a blockade of potassium channels with tedisamil (N,N'dicyclopropylmethylene-9,9-tetramethylene-3,7-diazabicyclo(3.3.1)nonane dihydrochloride) has any effects on cardiac growth during postnatal development or pressure overload. 2 To test the ...
Zhang Wei-Ning - - 2004
This study assessed freezing behaviour and cardiovascular responses during the expression of latent inhibition of conditioned fear. Animals that were either repeatedly preexposed (PE) to a tone conditioned stimulus (CS) or naive to the tone (non-preexposed; NPE) subsequently experienced three presentations of the tone paired with footshock. Animals were tested ...
Malviya V, Singh R, ...
OBJECTIVE: To study the cardio-respiratory effects of DRDE-07, a new prophylactic agent for sulphur mustard. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The effect of DRDE-07 was studied in anesthetized male rats (Wistar), by administering it either by intraperitoneal or oral routes. Different doses (0.25, 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 LD50) were used and various ...
Watanabe Shiro - - 2004
Pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) play a central role in development of pancreatic fibrosis. In chronic pancreatitis, pancreatic tissue pressure is higher than that of the normal pancreas. We here evaluate the effects of pressure on the activation of rat PSCs. PSCs were isolated from the pancreas of Wistar rat using ...
Lang-Lazdunski Loïc - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the impact of equilibrating distal aortic pressure with atmospheric pressure (open distal anastomosis) on spinal cord perfusion, neurological outcome and spinal cord histopathology in a rat model of descending thoracic aortic surgery. METHODS: Proximal thoracic aortic occlusion was obtained in Sprague-Dawley rats by inflating the balloon of ...
Hussein, Aida A; Zoology ...
Ochratoxin A (OA) or (OTA) is a mycotoxin produced by certain <I>Penecillium</I> (mainly <I>P. verrucosum</I>) and <I>Aspergillus </I> (mainly <I>A. occracies</I>) species of storage fungi. This toxin is a secondary fungal metabolites which has been detected in a variety of animal chows, human food and in up to 80% of ...
Salahdeen, H. M.
The Cardiovascular effects of aqueous extract from the leaf of Tridax procumbens were investigated on anaesthetized Sprague-Dawley rat. The intravenous administration of 3, 6, and 9mg/Kg of the aqueous extract caused significant decreases in the mean arterial blood pressure in a dose-related manner; i.e. the extract caused greater decrease in ...
Conrad Kirk P - - 2004
Relaxin emanates from the corpus luteum of the ovary and circulates during pregnancy. Because the hormone is a potent renal vasodilator and mediates the renal vasodilation and hyperfiltration of pregnancy in conscious rats, we reasoned that it might also contribute to the broader cardiovascular changes of pregnancy. We began investigating ...
Hasegawa Koichi - - 2004
Insulin resistance and impairment of the renal depressor system have been thought to be involved in the development of essential hypertension. However, the relationship between insulin resistance and this system is still unclear. To clarify this relationship, we investigated the role of the renal depressor system in a rat model ...
Briaud S A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Although the 24-hour rhythm in blood pressure is well known, it is not clear how environmental light controls circadian cardiovascular and behavioral rhythms. METHODS AND RESULTS: The prolonged exposure of Wistar rats to continuous light for 17 weeks, beginning at 5 weeks old, induced a complete suppression of their ...
Martin D A - - 2004
Recent findings indicate that prenatal protein restriction, which leads to elevated blood pressure in adult rats, results in decreased levels of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in neonatal rat brain. In light of the evidence of a relationship between dietary DHA and adult blood pressure, the purpose of this study was to ...
Smallegange Corry - - 2004
Kidney function is critical in determining the level of arterial pressure and in the pathogenesis of hypertension. Important evidence comes from studies in which the level of blood pressure is dictated by the donor when kidneys are transplanted between genetically hypertensive and normotensive rats. We have hypothesized that pharmacotherapy modifies ...
Schlenker E H - - 2004
We investigated the effects of captopril (Cap) and L-arginine (Arg) on hypertension and cardiopulmonary function. Our hypothesis was that Cap therapy or Arg will improve cardiopulmonary risk factors for hypertension and hypoventilation in the obese spontaneously hypertensive heart failure rat, which is characterized by hypertension, obesity, and disorders of lipid ...
Harada Hisashi - - 2004
Taurine is known to have antihypertensive and lipid-lowering effects in some experimental models and patients. On the other hand, intracellular free calcium and magnesium play important roles in regulating the tonus of blood vessels and insulin sensitivity. We examined the effect of oral taurine supplementation on blood pressure, serum metabolic ...
Gao Yang - - 2004
There is increasing evidence that human plasma butyrylcholinesterase can lower the toxicity of cocaine overdose. Recently, with structure-based protein engineering, we converted this enzyme into a more efficient cocaine hydrolase (CocE). When tested in rats, CocE shortened cocaine's plasma half-life and decreased drug accumulation in heart and brain. Here, we ...
Dilley Rodney J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Heparin inhibits vascular hypertrophy in angiotensin-induced hypertension, in addition to its well-known role in inhibiting injury-induced vascular smooth muscle proliferation. We tested whether hypertension and vascular hypertrophy could be reduced by heparin independently from the renin-angiotensin system. METHODS: Rats were made hypertensive with a one-kidney, one-clip (1K1C) procedure and ...
Laurant Pascal - - 2004
With aging, large arteries become stiffer and systolic blood pressure consequently increases. Less is known, however, about the age-related change in mechanics of small resistance arteries. The aim of this study was to determine whether aging plays a role in the stiffening of the small mesenteric arteries of rats. Intra-arterial ...
Shen Xiang-chun - - 2004
AIM: To study the influence of crocetin on cardiac hypertrophy induced by overloading pressure in rats. METHODS: The model of cardiac hypertrophy was produced by overloading pressure in rats. The animals were divided into five groups: sham-operation group (0.5% CMC-Na, ig), model group (operation + 0.5% CMC-Na, ig), captopril group ...
Górska Dorota - - 2004
Mianserin is thought to exert little effect on the cardiovascular system. In fact its safety in comparison with tricyclic drugs is high. Various experiments gave varying results as for the influence of the drug on arterial blood pressure in people and animals. Therefore, a study was undertaken in Wistar rats ...
Hasrat J A - - 2004
In traditional medicine Gossypium barbadense L. is used against hypertension. Looking for a scientific basis for this use, the blood-pressure-lowering effect of the decoction of the leaves was confirmed. Fraction II (frII) of the crude extract of G. barbadense showed a dose-dependent hypotensive effect in anaesthetized rats. In hexamethonium-treated rats, ...
Ruixing Yin - - 2004
The effects of cardiotrophin-1 on hemodynamics, cardiac function, cardiomyocyte apoptosis, and expression of P53, Fas, Bax and Bcl-2 proteins in myocardium were determined in a rat model of acute myocardial infarction. Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing approximately 310 g were subjected to left coronary artery ligation. Seven days before surgery, ...
Qi Xu - - 2004
To determine which subtype of alpha1-adrenergic receptors plays a role in the regulation of blood pressure, with alpha1A-adrenergic receptor-mediated vasoconstriction in perfused hindlimb as a control, we compared the inhibitory effects of various alpha1-adrenergic receptor selective antagonists on the vasopressure responses to phenylephrine between the mean arterial pressure and hindlimb ...
Su Ding-feng - - 2004
AIM: Computerized analysis of blood pressure in conscious freely moving rats is a sound technique for physiological and pharmacological studies. The present work, based on this technique, was designed to introduce two useful methods for the evaluation of antihypertensive drugs in conscious spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR). They were the directly ...
Yan Hui - - 2004
Hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) is a newly found modulator in vascular system. This work showed that gene expression of cystathionine gamma-lyase (CSE), a H(2)S generating enzyme, and the activity of CSE in thoracic aorta were suppressed in hypertension rats. The plasma level of H(2)S also decreased in those rats. Exogenous administration ...
Kunes J - - 2004
This review summarizes our findings concerning the altered balance of vasoactive systems (namely sympathetic nervous system and nitric oxide) in various forms of experimental hypertension--genetic hypertension (SHR, HTG rats), salt hypertension (Dahl rats) and NO-deficient hypertension (L-NAME-treated rats). An attempt is made to define relative NO deficiency (compared to the ...
Yamasaki M - - 2004
Hydrostatic pressure gradients due to the gravitational force in blood vessels disappear under conditions of microgravity during spaceflight, and the ability of the baroreceptor reflex to control arterial pressure and blood distribution may be altered. We hypothesized, on the basis of the results obtained in our previous experiments using the ...
Shizuka F - - 2004
The effect of gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA)-enriched soybean on blood pressure was investigated in male spontaneously hypertensive rats. Ten-week-old rats were given diets containing graded levels of GABA-enriched soybean powder for 8 weeks. The systolic blood pressure in rats fed 0.15% GABA diet was significantly lower at 1st week and ...
Yu, Jin
国立情報学研究所で電子化したコンテンツを使用している。
Huang Chi-Yang - - 2003
Chronic pressure overload leads to an increase in the size, i.e. hypertrophy, of cardiomyocytes in the heart. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this hypertrophy are not understood. Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) synthesized locally in the heart is known to be associated with the hypertrophic process. So far, however, cardiac IGF-I ...
Eto Masato - - 2003
Increased short-term blood pressure variability is known to be associated with hypertensive target organ damage. Sinoaortic denervation (SAD) induces a marked increase in blood pressure lability without affecting the average blood pressure level. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of blood pressure lability on endothelial vasomotor ...
Kaya M - - 2003
Our previous publication has stressed the benefits of losartan, an angiotensin II receptor blocker, on the permeability of blood-brain barrier (BBB) and blood pressure during L-NAME-induced hypertension. This study reports the impacts of anti-hypertensive treatment by losartan on the brain endothelial barrier function and the arterial blood pressure, during acute ...
Ilbay G - - 2003
Hot water epilepsy (HWE) was induced in freely moving Wistar rats by applying hot water jets over the head region. The status of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) during the seizures and during hot water-induced hyperthermia without seizures was examined using Evans blue dye. In order to investigate the contribution of ...
O'Brien William D - - 2003
The study objective was to estimate the pressure threshold (ED(05), effective dose, or in situ peak rarefactional pressure associated with 5% probability of lesions) of ultrasound (US)-induced lung hemorrhage as a function of pulse duration (PD) in adult rats. A total of 220 10- to 11-week-old 250-g female Sprague-Dawley rats ...
Liu Jian-Guo - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: It has been proposed that blood pressure variability (BPV) is positively related to end-organ damage (EOD) in hypertension. The present work was designed to observe the effects of long-term treatment with nitrendipine and hydralazine on BPV and EOD in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), to examine the hypothesis that lowering ...
Chan K L - - 2003
The pathogenesis of neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is unknown. Intestinal dilatation and preferred occurrence of NEC at sites of bacterial overgrowth (colon and ileum) are common findings. The study attempted to produce NEC with increasing intraluminal pressures and bacterial concentrations in two different aged groups of rats. First, 10-cm terminal ...
Bonafe-Oliveira Lucienne - - 2003
It is usually believed that repair in alveolar bone during orthodontic movement occurs after decreasing of force. However, we have recently observed signs of repair in previously resorbed cementum from human teeth exposed to continuous forces. In order to test the hypothesis that bone resorption and deposition occur concomitantly at ...
Leman S - - 2003
Contextual conditioned fear in the rat is characterized by a freezing immobility associated with a marked increase in blood pressure, a slow increase in heart rate, and ultrasonic vocalizations. A previous Fos study also revealed a marked activation of the ventrolateral part of the periaqueductal gray (VLPAG) and a much ...
Meng Ziqiang - - 2003
This study was designed to investigate effects of sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) and its derivatives (bisulfite and sulfite) on the rat blood pressure. The blood pressures of male Wistar rats exposed to SO(2) and its derivatives at various doses were measured. Findings were that: (1) with acute-one time exposure to SO(2) ...
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