Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1432
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Ilbay G - - 2003
Hot water epilepsy (HWE) was induced in freely moving Wistar rats by applying hot water jets over the head region. The status of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) during the seizures and during hot water-induced hyperthermia without seizures was examined using Evans blue dye. In order to investigate the contribution of ...
O'Brien William D - - 2003
The study objective was to estimate the pressure threshold (ED(05), effective dose, or in situ peak rarefactional pressure associated with 5% probability of lesions) of ultrasound (US)-induced lung hemorrhage as a function of pulse duration (PD) in adult rats. A total of 220 10- to 11-week-old 250-g female Sprague-Dawley rats ...
Liu Jian-Guo - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: It has been proposed that blood pressure variability (BPV) is positively related to end-organ damage (EOD) in hypertension. The present work was designed to observe the effects of long-term treatment with nitrendipine and hydralazine on BPV and EOD in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), to examine the hypothesis that lowering ...
Chan K L - - 2003
The pathogenesis of neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is unknown. Intestinal dilatation and preferred occurrence of NEC at sites of bacterial overgrowth (colon and ileum) are common findings. The study attempted to produce NEC with increasing intraluminal pressures and bacterial concentrations in two different aged groups of rats. First, 10-cm terminal ...
Bonafe-Oliveira Lucienne - - 2003
It is usually believed that repair in alveolar bone during orthodontic movement occurs after decreasing of force. However, we have recently observed signs of repair in previously resorbed cementum from human teeth exposed to continuous forces. In order to test the hypothesis that bone resorption and deposition occur concomitantly at ...
Leman S - - 2003
Contextual conditioned fear in the rat is characterized by a freezing immobility associated with a marked increase in blood pressure, a slow increase in heart rate, and ultrasonic vocalizations. A previous Fos study also revealed a marked activation of the ventrolateral part of the periaqueductal gray (VLPAG) and a much ...
Meng Ziqiang - - 2003
This study was designed to investigate effects of sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) and its derivatives (bisulfite and sulfite) on the rat blood pressure. The blood pressures of male Wistar rats exposed to SO(2) and its derivatives at various doses were measured. Findings were that: (1) with acute-one time exposure to SO(2) ...
Deng Pan-Yue - - 2003
Previous investigations have indicated that capsaicin-sensitive sensory nerves play an important role in modulation of the peripheral resistance of the circulation system. In the present study, we examined the role of capsaicin-sensitive sensory nerves in two-kidney, one-clip (2K1C) renovascular hypertension rats. Systolic blood pressure (BP) was monitored by the tail-cuff ...
Geary Greg G - - 2003
The lower limits of cerebral blood flow autoregulation shift toward high pressures in aged compared with young rats. Intraluminal pressure stimulates contractile mechanisms in cerebral arteries that might, in part, cause an age-dependent shift in autoregulation. The present project tested two hypotheses. First, cerebral artery tone is greater in isolated ...
Cheng Xing - - 2003
Apelin is an endogenous depressor peptide for the G protein-coupled APJ receptor. Our hypothesis is that apelin is a venodilator, and it reduces mean circulatory filling pressure (MCFP; index of venous tone). Dose-response curves of apelin (10, 20 and 40 nmol/kg) or vehicle (0.9% NaCl) were constructed in two groups ...
Sharifi Ali M - - 2003
This study sought to examine the antihypertensive mechanism of garlic in two-kidney-one-clip (2K1C) hypertensive rat. In this study, the effect of garlic on serum and tissue including: aorta, heart, kidney, lung as well as circulatory (serum) ACE activity in 2K1C rats were examined. Four groups of rats were selected: control ...
Nandhini A T A - - 2004
High fructose feeding induces moderate increases in blood pressure of normal rats, associated with hyperinsulinemia, insulin resistance and impaired glucose tolerance. Increased vascular resistance, and sodium retention have been proposed to contribute to the blood pressure elevation in this model. Taurine, a sulphur-containing amino acid has been reported to have ...
Maruyama Seitaro - - 2003
Experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM) induced in rats by injection of cardiac myosin is an animal model of human myocarditis and post-myocarditis dilated cardiomyopathy. It has been reported that proinflammatory cytokines play crucial roles in the induction of EAM and in the progression of myocardial injury in this disease. FR167653 (1-[7-(4-fluorophenyl)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-8-(4-pyridyl) ...
Isler Christy M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a rat model of preeclampsia includes features consistent with HELLP (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets) syndrome. METHODS: Preeclampsia was induced experimentally in timed-pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats using the reduced uterine perfusion pressure (RUPP) model. On day 14 of gestation, silver clips were placed around the aorta ...
Buzello Moriz - - 2003
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) develops very early in experimental renovascular hypertension after clipping of one renal artery and is accompanied by a remodeling of cardiac structure which has not yet been investigated in detail. It was the aim of the present study to analyze changes in cardiomyocyte number and volume ...
Armitage James A - - 2003
Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease. Previous work in both animals and humans with high blood pressure has demonstrated the antihypertensive effects of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), although it is not known whether these nutrients are effective in preventing hypertension. The predominant n-3 PUFA ...
Krohn Thomas C - - 2003
The widespread use of individually ventilated cage (IVC) systems today has made the impact of CO(2) on rodents a highly important matter. Leaving cages from these systems without ventilation increases CO(2) concentrations inside the cages, as CO(2) generated from the animals is no longer removed actively. In modern IVC systems ...
Wright Rebecca C - - 2003
Previous research in our laboratory has established a restraining role of the hippocampal kappa-opioid receptor system in the neural control of blood pressure. Chronic or acute hippocampal administration of kappa-agonists has been shown to reduce blood pressure. Isolation of male Sprague-Dawley rats provokes an increase in blood pressure, which has ...
Wagner Jens A - - 2003
1. To study the long-term effects of altered cannabinoid receptor activity on myocardial and vascular function, Wistar rats were treated with the selective CB(1) antagonist AM-251 (0.5 mg kg(-1) d(-1)), the potent synthetic cannabinoid HU-210 (50 micro g kg(-1) d(-1)) or vehicle for 12 weeks after coronary artery ligation or ...
Michalkiewicz Mieczyslaw - - 2003
The neurons that control blood pressure express neuropeptide Y. Administered centrally, this neuropeptide reduces blood pressure and anxiety, together with lowering sympathetic outflow. The generation of neuropeptide Y transgenic rats overexpressing this peptide, under its natural promoter, has allowed us to examine the role of endogenous neuropeptide Y in the ...
Qin Xu-Ping - - 2003
Previous investigations have indicated that calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) plays an important role in the regulation of cardiovascular function, and that the development of hypertension may be related to the reduction of sensory vasodilator nerve actions. In the present study, we examined the effect of perindopril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, ...
Jacobson Gary M - - 2003
Neointimal proliferation occurring after vascular or endovascular procedures is a major complication leading to end-organ or limb ischemia. In experimental models, balloon injury has been shown to induce NAD(P)H oxidase to produce vascular superoxide anion (O2*-) production, which has been implicated in cell proliferation, but a direct link is still ...
Musabayane C T - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of Helicrysum ceres root and leaf extracts on mean arterial blood pressure and renal fluid and electrolyte handling in anesthetized male Sprague-Dawley rats. DESIGN: Cross sectional study. SETTING: Departments of Physiology and Pharmacy, University of Zimbabwe. SUBJECTS: Eight separate groups comprising of control and treated ...
Fujioka Yoshio - - 2003
Activation of the Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE) is known to be related to elevated blood pressure in hyperinsulinemia. We previously demonstrated that a fructose-enriched diet induced hyperinsulinemia and hypertriglyceridemia, elevated NHE activity, increased intracellular calcium concentrations ([Ca2+]i), and increased blood pressure in borderline hypertensive rats (BHR). This study examines whether pharmacologically ...
Abdelrahman Aly M - - 2002
Nociceptin (orphanin FQ) is an endogenous agonist for the opioid receptor-like1 (ORL1) receptor. We investigated the effects of nociceptin on mean circulatory filling pressure, an index of venous tone. The effects of nociceptin (10, 30 nmol/kg, i.v.) and the vehicle (0.9% NaCl) on mean arterial pressure, heart rate and mean ...
Proskuryakov S Ya - - 2002
Using the method of electron paramagnetic spectroscopy we demonstrated that thiazine-thiazoline compounds and aminoethyl isothiourea containing the thioamidine group inhibit NO production in the liver of endotoxin-treated mice. Injection of these agents to anesthetized rats increased arterial pressure and enhanced respiration rate. This effect probably reflects inhibition of not only ...
Sekiguchi Fumiko - - 2002
To evaluate whether the elevated blood pressure induced by chronic treatment with N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) contributes to an impairment of endothelium-dependent relaxation (EDR), the effects of chronic treatment of Wistar rats with L-NAME on systolic blood pressure, pulmonary arterial blood pressure and EDR of the pulmonary arteries were studied ...
Cividjian A - - 2002
One way to identify central cardiovascular neurons is to consider their barosensitivity, for example by plotting changes in their single unit activity as a function of evoked changes in blood pressure. To simplify the genesis of such pressure-activity relationships, a coronary angioplasty catheter was threaded into the aorta of anaesthetized ...
Legssyer Abdelkhaleq - - 2002
Urtica dioica L. or Nettle (Urticaceae) is widely used in oriental Morocco to treat hypertension. Aqueous extract of Nettle (AEN) also exerts a hypotensive action in the rat in vivo. The aim of this work was to characterize the specific cardiac and vascular effects of AEN. In the isolated Langendorff ...
Lee Ru Ping - - 2002
In physiological experiments, it is essential to measure arterial pressure (AP) and heart rate (HR) in animals. Tail cuff pressure (TCP) measurement using photoelectric volume oscillometry has been commonly used. We designed a new technique for continuous measurement of AP and HR in conscious, unrestrained rats. This is based on ...
Holst Sarah - - 2002
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of postnatal oxytocin (OT) treatment and postnatal stroking on blood pressure and heart rate in adult rats. For this purpose, rats were treated subcutaneously with OT (1 mg/kg) once a day on days 1-14 after birth, or exposed to ...
Pérez Hernán - - 2002
Prenatal malnutrition-induced fetal growth retardation in the rat results in elevated arterial blood pressure at adulthood. To test the contribution of cardiovascular sensory C fibers in the hypertensive state, arterial blood pressure was measured in prenatally undernourished rats treated at birth with capsaicin. The effects of the neonatal capsaicin treatment ...
Ueno N - - 2002
This study was conducted to show the effect of sildenafil on electrostimulation-induced erection in the rat model. Fifteen 12-week-old male Wistar Kyoto rats were used. The intracavernous pressure and arterial blood pressure were simultaneously monitored through electric cavernous nerve stimulation before and after the administration of sildenafil (2 mg/kg). Statistical ...
Ayach Bilal - - 2002
Acute pulmonary air embolism (APAE) injures the vascular endothelium in the lung and results in pulmonary hypertension (PH). Endothelins (ETs), a family of potent vasoactive peptides, are known to be associated with PH of various aetiologies. We evaluated the effects of ABT-627, a selective ET(A) receptor (ET(A)-R) antagonist in a ...
Hale T M - - 2002
PURPOSE: We have previously demonstrated that antihypertensive therapy could structurally modulate blood vessels in the penis, although the impact on erectile function was not established. Given the importance of inadequate penile arterial inflow as a cause of erectile dysfunction we determined in spontaneously hypertensive rats the impact of brief aggressive ...
Borovik A - - 2002
Low-frequency dynamics of mean arterial pressure (MAP) and pulse interval (PI) was studied in intact and sympathectomized rats after 2-week tail suspension. Correlation properties of long-term (f<0.8 Hz) MAP fluctuations were analyzed using R/S Hurst method. It was shown that time series of successive increments in MAP level display power-law ...
Ushiyama Masayuki - - 2002
Both carbon monoxide (CO), the product of heme oxygenase (HO), and nitric oxide (NO) elevate cyclic guanosine monophosphate levels in smooth muscle cells, leading to relaxation of the vessels. We examined the hypothesis that the effect of CO in regulating blood pressure could be augmented in hypertension where the function ...
Mercier Isabelle - - 2002
1. The influence of menopause on ventricular function and remodelling remains undefined. The following study examined the effect of ovariectomy on ventricular contractility, cardiac hypertrophy and extracellular matrix protein expression. 2. Elevated circulating levels of the vasoconstrictor endothelin-1 have been reported in post-menopausal women. Moreover, endothelin-1 has been shown to ...
Ryan K L - - 2002
Sustained whole-body exposure of anesthetized rats to 35-GHz radiofrequency radiation produces localized hyperthermia and hypotension, leading to circulatory failure and death. The physiological mechanism underlying the induction of circulatory failure by 35-GHz microwave (MW) heating is currently unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine whether platelet-activating factor (PAF) ...
Zhang Fan - - 2002
AIM: To investigate the relationship of kidney-specific expression of cytochrome P-450 (CYP) 4A1 and the blood pressure. METHODS: The specific sense and antisense CYP4A1 cDNA was administered respectively with the help of eukaryotic expression vector pcDNA3.1 to the Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats via sublingual vein (2 mg/kg). The systolic blood pressure ...
Garnier-Raveaud Stéphanie - - 2002
1. We have tested the effects of 2 month oral treatment with the KATP opener, nitric oxide (NO) donor and anti-oxidant molecule nicorandil (0.1 mg/kg per day) on major physiological parameters and heart function of 4-, 12- and 24-month-old rats. 2. Several methods were used: (i) measurement of blood pressure ...
Ishizuka O - - 2002
Apomorphine, given subcutaneously (s.c.), induces erection and bladder overactivity in rats through stimulation of dopamine (D1- and D2-like) receptors in the central nervous system. In paraplegic patients, apomorphine was reported to cause bladder overactivity. This suggests that apomorphine may have a spinal site of action also for stimulation of erection. ...
Bojanowska E - - 2002
To date, glucagon-like peptide 1(7-36) amide (tGLP-1) has been found to affect the neurohypophysial and cardiovascular functions in normotensive and normovolaemic rats. The aim of the present study was to investigate possible effects of tGLP-1 on the mean arterial blood pressure and the release of vasopressin and oxytocin under conditions ...
Poon Kenneth S - - 2002
Nitrovasodilators, such as nitroglycerin, cause endothelium-independent dilatation of arterial and capacitance vessels via the release of nitric oxide (NO). This study examined the venodilator effect of CpCr(NO)(2)Cl (organotransition-metal nitrosyl complex) relative to that of nitroglycerin in conscious, unrestrained rats. Organotransition-metal nitrosyl complexes have releasable NO directly attached to metal centres. ...
Harrap Stephen B - - 2002
We describe a new line of rats with inherited cardiomyocyte and ventricular hypertrophy. From a second-generation cross of spontaneously hypertensive and Fischer 344 rats, we selected for low blood pressure and either high or low echocardiographic left ventricular (LV) mass over four generations to establish the hypertrophic heart rat (HHR) ...
Chan S H H - - 2002
Antihypertensive therapy not only normalizes the elevated blood pressure but also restores the reduced baroreceptor reflex response associated with hypertension, although the underlying mechanism is not fully understood. We assessed the hypothesis that a reversal of the enhanced basal Fos expression seen during hypertension in nucleus tractus solitarii, the terminal ...
Giuliano François - - 2002
PURPOSE: Apomorphine exerts pro-erectile effects by acting on neurons in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus. In spinal cord injured rats we assessed whether apomorphine also directly activates the spinal autonomic and somatic neurons controlling penile erection MATERIALS AND METHODS: Intracavernous and blood pressure was monitored in groups of 10 ...
Asahi T - - 2001
We evaluated the effects of hyperthyroidism on cardiac structural changes and postischemic myocardial function, and also studied how an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, cilazapril, can alter these changes. Hyperthyroidism was induced by daily intraperitoneal injection of thyroxine (T4) (600 microg/kg) with or without cilazapril (10 mg/kg per day, orally), and ...
Saleem R - - 2001
Hypotensive effects of aloeemodin, aloin A, elgonica dimer A and bisbenzopyran from Aloe barbadensis have been studied. Aloeemodin has emerged as a potent hypotensive agent in current pharmacological investigations and caused 26 %, 52 %, and 79 % falls in mean arterial blood pressure at the corresponding doses of 0.5, ...
Tian G - - 2001
Ouabain has recently been identified as an endogenous Na+-K+ pump inhibitor having a close association with hypertension. However, some patients with hypertention do not show high levels of endogenous ouabain (EO), and patients with high EO levels do not necessarily suffer from hypertention. It is believed that the Na+-K+-ATPase activity ...
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