Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1414
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Wagner Jens A - - 2003
1. To study the long-term effects of altered cannabinoid receptor activity on myocardial and vascular function, Wistar rats were treated with the selective CB(1) antagonist AM-251 (0.5 mg kg(-1) d(-1)), the potent synthetic cannabinoid HU-210 (50 micro g kg(-1) d(-1)) or vehicle for 12 weeks after coronary artery ligation or ...
Michalkiewicz Mieczyslaw - - 2003
The neurons that control blood pressure express neuropeptide Y. Administered centrally, this neuropeptide reduces blood pressure and anxiety, together with lowering sympathetic outflow. The generation of neuropeptide Y transgenic rats overexpressing this peptide, under its natural promoter, has allowed us to examine the role of endogenous neuropeptide Y in the ...
Qin Xu-Ping - - 2003
Previous investigations have indicated that calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) plays an important role in the regulation of cardiovascular function, and that the development of hypertension may be related to the reduction of sensory vasodilator nerve actions. In the present study, we examined the effect of perindopril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, ...
Jacobson Gary M - - 2003
Neointimal proliferation occurring after vascular or endovascular procedures is a major complication leading to end-organ or limb ischemia. In experimental models, balloon injury has been shown to induce NAD(P)H oxidase to produce vascular superoxide anion (O2*-) production, which has been implicated in cell proliferation, but a direct link is still ...
Musabayane C T - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of Helicrysum ceres root and leaf extracts on mean arterial blood pressure and renal fluid and electrolyte handling in anesthetized male Sprague-Dawley rats. DESIGN: Cross sectional study. SETTING: Departments of Physiology and Pharmacy, University of Zimbabwe. SUBJECTS: Eight separate groups comprising of control and treated ...
Fujioka Yoshio - - 2003
Activation of the Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE) is known to be related to elevated blood pressure in hyperinsulinemia. We previously demonstrated that a fructose-enriched diet induced hyperinsulinemia and hypertriglyceridemia, elevated NHE activity, increased intracellular calcium concentrations ([Ca2+]i), and increased blood pressure in borderline hypertensive rats (BHR). This study examines whether pharmacologically ...
Abdelrahman Aly M - - 2002
Nociceptin (orphanin FQ) is an endogenous agonist for the opioid receptor-like1 (ORL1) receptor. We investigated the effects of nociceptin on mean circulatory filling pressure, an index of venous tone. The effects of nociceptin (10, 30 nmol/kg, i.v.) and the vehicle (0.9% NaCl) on mean arterial pressure, heart rate and mean ...
Proskuryakov S Ya - - 2002
Using the method of electron paramagnetic spectroscopy we demonstrated that thiazine-thiazoline compounds and aminoethyl isothiourea containing the thioamidine group inhibit NO production in the liver of endotoxin-treated mice. Injection of these agents to anesthetized rats increased arterial pressure and enhanced respiration rate. This effect probably reflects inhibition of not only ...
Sekiguchi Fumiko - - 2002
To evaluate whether the elevated blood pressure induced by chronic treatment with N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) contributes to an impairment of endothelium-dependent relaxation (EDR), the effects of chronic treatment of Wistar rats with L-NAME on systolic blood pressure, pulmonary arterial blood pressure and EDR of the pulmonary arteries were studied ...
Cividjian A - - 2002
One way to identify central cardiovascular neurons is to consider their barosensitivity, for example by plotting changes in their single unit activity as a function of evoked changes in blood pressure. To simplify the genesis of such pressure-activity relationships, a coronary angioplasty catheter was threaded into the aorta of anaesthetized ...
Legssyer Abdelkhaleq - - 2002
Urtica dioica L. or Nettle (Urticaceae) is widely used in oriental Morocco to treat hypertension. Aqueous extract of Nettle (AEN) also exerts a hypotensive action in the rat in vivo. The aim of this work was to characterize the specific cardiac and vascular effects of AEN. In the isolated Langendorff ...
Lee Ru Ping - - 2002
In physiological experiments, it is essential to measure arterial pressure (AP) and heart rate (HR) in animals. Tail cuff pressure (TCP) measurement using photoelectric volume oscillometry has been commonly used. We designed a new technique for continuous measurement of AP and HR in conscious, unrestrained rats. This is based on ...
Holst Sarah - - 2002
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of postnatal oxytocin (OT) treatment and postnatal stroking on blood pressure and heart rate in adult rats. For this purpose, rats were treated subcutaneously with OT (1 mg/kg) once a day on days 1-14 after birth, or exposed to ...
Pérez Hernán - - 2002
Prenatal malnutrition-induced fetal growth retardation in the rat results in elevated arterial blood pressure at adulthood. To test the contribution of cardiovascular sensory C fibers in the hypertensive state, arterial blood pressure was measured in prenatally undernourished rats treated at birth with capsaicin. The effects of the neonatal capsaicin treatment ...
Ueno N - - 2002
This study was conducted to show the effect of sildenafil on electrostimulation-induced erection in the rat model. Fifteen 12-week-old male Wistar Kyoto rats were used. The intracavernous pressure and arterial blood pressure were simultaneously monitored through electric cavernous nerve stimulation before and after the administration of sildenafil (2 mg/kg). Statistical ...
Ayach Bilal - - 2002
Acute pulmonary air embolism (APAE) injures the vascular endothelium in the lung and results in pulmonary hypertension (PH). Endothelins (ETs), a family of potent vasoactive peptides, are known to be associated with PH of various aetiologies. We evaluated the effects of ABT-627, a selective ET(A) receptor (ET(A)-R) antagonist in a ...
Hale T M - - 2002
PURPOSE: We have previously demonstrated that antihypertensive therapy could structurally modulate blood vessels in the penis, although the impact on erectile function was not established. Given the importance of inadequate penile arterial inflow as a cause of erectile dysfunction we determined in spontaneously hypertensive rats the impact of brief aggressive ...
Borovik A - - 2002
Low-frequency dynamics of mean arterial pressure (MAP) and pulse interval (PI) was studied in intact and sympathectomized rats after 2-week tail suspension. Correlation properties of long-term (f<0.8 Hz) MAP fluctuations were analyzed using R/S Hurst method. It was shown that time series of successive increments in MAP level display power-law ...
Ushiyama Masayuki - - 2002
Both carbon monoxide (CO), the product of heme oxygenase (HO), and nitric oxide (NO) elevate cyclic guanosine monophosphate levels in smooth muscle cells, leading to relaxation of the vessels. We examined the hypothesis that the effect of CO in regulating blood pressure could be augmented in hypertension where the function ...
Mercier Isabelle - - 2002
1. The influence of menopause on ventricular function and remodelling remains undefined. The following study examined the effect of ovariectomy on ventricular contractility, cardiac hypertrophy and extracellular matrix protein expression. 2. Elevated circulating levels of the vasoconstrictor endothelin-1 have been reported in post-menopausal women. Moreover, endothelin-1 has been shown to ...
Ryan K L - - 2002
Sustained whole-body exposure of anesthetized rats to 35-GHz radiofrequency radiation produces localized hyperthermia and hypotension, leading to circulatory failure and death. The physiological mechanism underlying the induction of circulatory failure by 35-GHz microwave (MW) heating is currently unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine whether platelet-activating factor (PAF) ...
Zhang Fan - - 2002
AIM: To investigate the relationship of kidney-specific expression of cytochrome P-450 (CYP) 4A1 and the blood pressure. METHODS: The specific sense and antisense CYP4A1 cDNA was administered respectively with the help of eukaryotic expression vector pcDNA3.1 to the Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats via sublingual vein (2 mg/kg). The systolic blood pressure ...
Garnier-Raveaud Stéphanie - - 2002
1. We have tested the effects of 2 month oral treatment with the KATP opener, nitric oxide (NO) donor and anti-oxidant molecule nicorandil (0.1 mg/kg per day) on major physiological parameters and heart function of 4-, 12- and 24-month-old rats. 2. Several methods were used: (i) measurement of blood pressure ...
Ishizuka O - - 2002
Apomorphine, given subcutaneously (s.c.), induces erection and bladder overactivity in rats through stimulation of dopamine (D1- and D2-like) receptors in the central nervous system. In paraplegic patients, apomorphine was reported to cause bladder overactivity. This suggests that apomorphine may have a spinal site of action also for stimulation of erection. ...
Bojanowska E - - 2002
To date, glucagon-like peptide 1(7-36) amide (tGLP-1) has been found to affect the neurohypophysial and cardiovascular functions in normotensive and normovolaemic rats. The aim of the present study was to investigate possible effects of tGLP-1 on the mean arterial blood pressure and the release of vasopressin and oxytocin under conditions ...
Poon Kenneth S - - 2002
Nitrovasodilators, such as nitroglycerin, cause endothelium-independent dilatation of arterial and capacitance vessels via the release of nitric oxide (NO). This study examined the venodilator effect of CpCr(NO)(2)Cl (organotransition-metal nitrosyl complex) relative to that of nitroglycerin in conscious, unrestrained rats. Organotransition-metal nitrosyl complexes have releasable NO directly attached to metal centres. ...
Harrap Stephen B - - 2002
We describe a new line of rats with inherited cardiomyocyte and ventricular hypertrophy. From a second-generation cross of spontaneously hypertensive and Fischer 344 rats, we selected for low blood pressure and either high or low echocardiographic left ventricular (LV) mass over four generations to establish the hypertrophic heart rat (HHR) ...
Chan S H H - - 2002
Antihypertensive therapy not only normalizes the elevated blood pressure but also restores the reduced baroreceptor reflex response associated with hypertension, although the underlying mechanism is not fully understood. We assessed the hypothesis that a reversal of the enhanced basal Fos expression seen during hypertension in nucleus tractus solitarii, the terminal ...
Giuliano François - - 2002
PURPOSE: Apomorphine exerts pro-erectile effects by acting on neurons in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus. In spinal cord injured rats we assessed whether apomorphine also directly activates the spinal autonomic and somatic neurons controlling penile erection MATERIALS AND METHODS: Intracavernous and blood pressure was monitored in groups of 10 ...
Asahi T - - 2001
We evaluated the effects of hyperthyroidism on cardiac structural changes and postischemic myocardial function, and also studied how an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, cilazapril, can alter these changes. Hyperthyroidism was induced by daily intraperitoneal injection of thyroxine (T4) (600 microg/kg) with or without cilazapril (10 mg/kg per day, orally), and ...
Saleem R - - 2001
Hypotensive effects of aloeemodin, aloin A, elgonica dimer A and bisbenzopyran from Aloe barbadensis have been studied. Aloeemodin has emerged as a potent hypotensive agent in current pharmacological investigations and caused 26 %, 52 %, and 79 % falls in mean arterial blood pressure at the corresponding doses of 0.5, ...
Tian G - - 2001
Ouabain has recently been identified as an endogenous Na+-K+ pump inhibitor having a close association with hypertension. However, some patients with hypertention do not show high levels of endogenous ouabain (EO), and patients with high EO levels do not necessarily suffer from hypertention. It is believed that the Na+-K+-ATPase activity ...
Mazzali M - - 2001
An elevation in circulating serum uric acid is strongly associated with the development of hypertension and renal disease, but whether uric acid has a causal role or whether it simply indicates patients at risk for these complications remains controversial. We tested the hypothesis that uric acid may have a causal ...
Huitrón-Reséndiz S - - 2001
Oleamide (cis-9,10-octadecenoamide) is a brain lipid that has recently been isolated from the cerebral fluid of sleep-deprived cats. Intracerebroventricular and intraperitoneal administration of oleamide induces sleep in rats. However, it is unclear whether oleamide's hypnogenic effects are mediated, in part, by its actions on blood pressure and core body temperature. ...
Hilgers K F - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin II is elevated in malignant hypertension. We tested the hypothesis that angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockade can prevent the development of malignant hypertension even in the absence of a blood pressure-lowering effect. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two-kidney, 1-clip rats were followed up for 28 days; blood pressure was ...
Jugé M - - 2001
The effects of lepadiformine, a natural marine alkaloid isolated from the ascidians Clavelina lepadiformis (Müller) and C. moluccensis (Sluiter), were studied in vivo by arterial blood pressure (aBP) recordings and electrocardiograms (ECG) in anaesthetised rats and in situ by peripheral vascular pressure recordings on perfused rabbit ear. Transmembrane resting (RP) ...
Bello R - - 2001
Methanol and dichloromethanol extracts of the leaves and stems of Mentha suaveolens Ehrh. have been tested for their effects on resting arterial blood pressure, heart rate and noradrenaline induced hypertension. Both extracts administered by i.v. bolus to urethane anaesthetized normotensive rats reduced the mean arterial blood pressure and heart rate, ...
Muscará M N - - 2001
1. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have been reported to exacerbate hypertension and to interfere with the effectiveness of some anti-hypertensive therapies. In this study, we tested the effects of a gastric-sparing, nitric oxide-releasing derivative of aspirin (NCX-4016) on hypertension in rats. 2. Hypertension was induced by administering L-NAME in the drinking ...
Toda N - - 2001
The effects of diesel exhaust particles (DEP) on pulmonary functions and consequent diseases are well known, but there have been few reports concerning involvement of the cardiovascular system. In order to assess a direct action of DEP on cardiac tissue, the effects on blood pressure of intravenous administration of 12 ...
Sutoo D - - 2001
The effects of intracerebroventricular administration of calcium or magnesium on the blood pressure regulation in the brain were investigated. The systolic blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats (male, 13-week-old) was decreased by calcium chloride (100 microg/rat) and increased by magnesium chloride (20, 100 or 500 microg/rat). The depressor response induced ...
Krüger C - - 2001
The aim of the present study was to characterize the influence of D,L-sotalol on arterial baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) which is generally considered as an estimate of vagal activity and has prognostic value in patients after myocardial infarction (MI). Conscious rats were studied 3 days after left anterior descending coronary artery ...
Murakami H - - 2001
Changes in intraluminal pressure in rat colon with aging and with the effects of dietary fiber were measured. A pressure sensor was inserted into the rat large intestine under endoscopic guidance. The intraluminal pressure curve in the colon was recorded, and the motility index was calculated by this curve. The ...
Maruo Y - - 2001
This study examined the effect of masticatory pressure transmitted directly to the hard palate mucosa on the final stage of terminal differentiation of keratinizing system of rats with and without streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus. In the nondiabetic rats with masticatory pressure, the number of terminal-deoxynucleotidyl-transferase-mediated deoxyuridine-triphospate-biotin nick end labelling (TUNEL) positive ...
Alkan T - - 2001
This study investigated the neuroprotection provided by cytidine 5'-diphosphocholine (citicoline) during interrupted and uninterrupted occlusion of the basilar artery after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in 121 hypotensive rats. Animals were anesthetized and the basilar artery was exposed through a transclival approach. Baseline local cerebral blood flow (LCBF) values were recorded, and ...
Borgonio A - - 2001
Transgenic TGR(mREN2)27 (TGR) rats are an animal model of fulminant hypertension characterized by an inverse circadian blood pressure profile. The present study addressed the contribution of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis and baroreflex function to hypertension and the inverse blood pressure pattern. NO synthesis was measured at four different times of ...
Backs J - - 2001
An impairment of norepinephrine (NE) re-uptake by the neuronal NE transporter (NET) has been shown to contribute to the increased cardiac net-release of NE in congestive heart failure (CHF). The present study investigated which mechanisms are involved in the impairment of NET. Rats with supracoronary aortic banding characterized by myocardial ...
Gemalmaz H - - 2001
PURPOSE: We investigated the effect of sildenafil on rat erectile tissues in vivo and in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Intracavernous pressure was recorded in pentobarbital anesthetized, male Sprague-Dawley rats and we studied the effect of 100 or 200 microg/kg(-1) sildenafil given intravenously. In an isolated endothelin-1 contracted strip preparation of ...
Alexander B T - - 2001
A chronic reduction in uterine perfusion pressure in pregnant rats is associated with a significant elevation in mean arterial pressure (MAP) and reduction in kidney function. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of endothelin in mediating the hypertension in response to chronic reductions in uterine perfusion ...
Ho-sub L - - 2001
The water extract of Sophorae radix was tested for its preventive effects against cardiovascular anaphylaxis elicited in experimental animals. In actively sensitized pithed rats, the extract partially protected the animals from death resulting from antigen challenge. Of the cardiovascular changes observed during the anaphylaxis in the pithed animals, the initial ...
Miao C Y - - 2001
The spontaneous variation of blood pressure is defined as "blood pressure variability" (BPV). The chronic sinoaortic-denervated (SAD) rat is a model of high BPV without sustained hypertension. Little is known about vascular remodeling in this model. In the present study, we examined blood pressure, vascular remodeling, and aortic angiotensin II ...
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