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Results 501 - 550 of 1242
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Di Paola Eugenio D - - 1997
1. The effects of the ACE inhibitor enalapril were studied in rats with cardiac hypertrophy induced by abdominal aortic constriction. This experimental model has shown that pump failure can be evidenced only during increased workload. 2. Under basal conditions, enalapril at 1-3 mg/kg induced a significant reduction in blood pressure. ...
Overton J M - - 1997
We tested the hypothesis that food restriction would attenuate the development of hypertension in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Furthermore, we hypothesized that food restriction would reduce the tonic sympathetic nervous system support of blood pressure in the SHR. Male SHR (Charles River, age 5 wk) were randomly assigned to ad ...
Haefliger J A - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Connexin43 (Cx43), a membrane protein involved in the control of cell-to-cell communication, is thought to play a role in the contractility of the vascular wall and in the electrical coupling of cardiac myocytes. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of experimental hypertension on Cx43 expression ...
Ruiz-Opazo N - - 1997
The early and sustained deinduction of alpha 2 Na,K-ATPase gene expression in both cardiac left ventricle and aorta in various pressure-overload rat models and in hypertrophied human heart suggests a common transcriptional pressure response mechanism to pressure overload in both rats and humans. To test this hypothesis, we developed transgenic ...
Bealer S L - - 1997
In vivo microdialysis was used to measure extracellular concentrations of norepinephrine in the diagonal band of Broca (DBB) during changes in blood pressure in conscious rats. Dialysate norepinephrine concentration was significantly increased during acute hypertension (280 +/- 40% of control), but was not changed by hypotensive hemorrhage. These results are ...
Sventek P - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Vascular expression of the endothelin-1 gene may be associated with severe vascular hypertrophy. Because in rats, inhibition of NO synthase with the L-arginine analogue N omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) induces blood pressure elevation associated with little cardiovascular hypertrophy, we studied vascular endothelin-1 gene expression in L-NAME-treated rats and the ...
Gangula P R - - 1997
Inhibition of nitric oxide production with NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) increases blood pressure and fetal mortality in pregnant rats. We previously reported that administration of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) reduces the blood pressure and fetal death produced by L-NAME. To determine the hemodynamic role of endogenous CGRP in this setting, ...
Springate J - - 1997
The recent development of a transgenic rat strain bearing the mouse ren-2 renin gene [TGR(mRen2)27] has provided a new monogenetic model of hypertension. Other hypertensive rat strains are characterized by a blunted pressure-diuresis-natriuresis response such that higher renal perfusion pressures are required to excrete normal amounts of water and sodium. ...
Malele R S - - 1997
A methanol extract of Syzygium guineense bark inhibited intrinsic contractions of rabbit isolated ileum. The inhibition, at bath concentrations of 0.5 - 2.0 mg/ml, was dose-related but non-linear. It produced sustained hypotension in anaesthetized rats. A dose of 5 ug lowered systolic, diastolic and mean blood pressure by 16%, 22% ...
Tutterová M - - 1997
Chronic renal insufficiency (CRI) is often associated with cardiovascular disease; however, its underlying mechanisms are not completely understood. Therefore, in the present study, myocardial functions and metabolic changes were investigated using an animal model of CRI in subtotally nephrectomized rats. In addition, some other parameters, considered risk factors of cardiovascular ...
Jiang J - - 1997
We describe a method of using a micro-tip transducer to measure cerebrospinal fluid pressure (CSFp) through a lateral ventricular cannula in unanesthetized, restrained, non-stressed rats. The mean value of CSFp under the anesthesia was 4.2 +/- 0.9 (mean +/- SEM, n = 6), ranging from 1.3 to 7.5 mmHg. Measurements ...
Gören Z - - 1997
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) plays an important role in the central control of cardiovascular functions. Previous evidence indicates that a tonically active GABAergic system exists in forebrain structures. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of the unilateral lesion of the central nucleus of amygdala, paraventricular or dorsomedial ...
Sapsed-Byrne S - - 1996
Visceromotor and cardiovascular responses to colonic distension were measured in female rats, anesthetized with halothane in oxygen, in the proestrus, estrus, metestrus and diestrus phases of the estrous cycle. Ten rats were studied in each group and responses were measured at 5-min intervals for 60 min. A mixed model analysis ...
Sun Z - - 1996
In most forms of experimentally induced hypertension in rats, females develop a less severe form of the disease than males. The objective of the present study was to compare the two genders with respect to the development of cold-induced hypertension. The results of the study indicate that both males and ...
Hamet P - - 1996
Left ventricular hypertrophy remains a significant clinical problem and a predictor of fatal outcome in hypertension. Blood pressure per se and environmental modifiers including stress affect cardiac mass. Heat shock proteins are involved in the stress response as well as in the regulation of cardiac growth and cytoprotection. The present ...
Liao Q P - - 1996
Treatment of pregnant rats with the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), has been shown to produce symptoms similar to pre-eclampsia (i.e. elevated blood pressure, proteinuria and fetal growth retardation). After L-NAME infusion is initiated on day 17 or 18 of gestation, the blood pressure proceeds in a ...
Holmäng A - - 1996
Left ventricular hypertrophy is a condition with high mortality. An association with insulin resistance and hyperinsulinaemia has recently been suggested. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of isolated hyperinsulinaemia on cardiac weight and haemodynamic regulation. Rats were exposed to hyperinsulinaemia for 7 weeks after adrenalectomy with ...
Pomarnacka E - - 1996
A series of 2-[4-chloro-2-(2-dialkylaminoethylthio)-5-methyl- benzenesulphonylimino]perhydropyrimidines [IV-X] and their hydrochlorides [IVa-VIIIa] were prepared. The antiarrhythmic effect of the most active compound [Va] was comparable to the reference drugs, quinidine and procainamide. The influence of the tested compounds [IVa, Va, VIa] on the blood pressure and heart rate of rats as well ...
Melaragno M G - - 1996
The hypotensive effect of correction of renal artery stenosis in humans or experimental animals with renovascular hypertension is commonly attributed to decreasing renin secretion from the formerly stenotic kidney. However, plasma renin activity is normal in 50% of individuals with renovascular hypertension. We studied conscious, chronically instrumented two-kidney, one clip ...
Hutchins P M - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this manuscript is to review the literature concerning the alterations in the microvasculature in experimental hypertension and aging. We also present new unpublished data and results where previous studies have not addressed important questions. METHODS: The new studies were performed using a chronic cranial window to ...
Banting J D - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of prolonged hypertension in the absence of cardiac hypertrophy on the blood pressure-heart rate reflex during acute and chronic NO synthase blockade. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were treated acutely with N omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 50 mg/kg intraperitoneally) or chronically with L-NAME (2.5-3 weeks, 50 ...
Lewis S J - - 1996
We examined the effects of intracisternal (i.c.) injections (10-250 nmol) of the L- and D-isomers of S-nitrosocysteine (L- and D-S-nitrosocysteine) on the mean arterial blood pressure and heart rate of conscious rats, and the decomposition of L- and D-S-nitrosocysteine to nitric oxide (NO) upon addition to brain homogenates. The i.c. ...
Chileuitt L - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Induced hypertension is one of the few interventions available to reverse acute ischemic neurologic deficit. The purpose of this study was to determine the safety and efficacy of hypertension during prolonged temporary focal ischemia. METHODS: Anesthetized rats underwent 2 hours of endovascular middle cerebral artery occlusion. Angiotensin was given ...
Ghione S - - 1996
A behavioral hypalgesia (increased response threshold to noxious stimuli) has been consistently, although not invariably, reported in spontaneous and experimental acute and chronic hypertension in the rat. Studies in human hypertension have also demonstrated a diminished perception of pain, assessed as pain thresholds or ratings. The sensitivity to painful stimuli ...
Omens J H - - 1996
Measurements of regional deformation in the left ventricle are needed to understand the structural basis of ventricular function. Two techniques were employed to measure two-dimensional strain in the intact, beating rat heart. Rats were anesthetized and ventilated, and the chest of each rat was opened. Homogeneous two-dimensional strains were measured ...
Lau W M - - 1996
The therapeutic efficacy of tacrine, atropine and glycopyrrolate alone or in combination with the oxime HI-6 against soman was evaluated in anaesthetized rats. Arterial blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory frequency and body temperature were monitored in vivo. Blood cholinesterases were determined after each drug or soman challenge. At the lowest ...
Shimamura K - - 1996
The influence of blood pressure and age of spontaneously hypertensive rats on endothelium-dependent tension oscillation of aortic preparation were studied. Rats with different blood pressures, normotensive Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY), spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), stroke-prone SHR (SHRSP) and malignant type of SHRSP (M-SHRSP), were used. The effects of antihypertensive treatment ...
Vilos GA - - 1996
From June 1994 to December 1995, 116 women (mean age 39 yrs, range 27-50 yrs) who met inclusion and exclusion criteria underwent endometrial ablation with a thermal balloon system. Forty-one (35%) were treated under general and 71 (61%) under neuroleptic anesthesia. Four (3%) treatments were performed under paracervical block only. ...
Li J S - - 1996
To investigate the potential pathogenic role of endothelin in blood pressure elevation and vascular hypertrophy in renovascular hypertensive rats, which present twofold elevations in endothelin-1 mRNA abundance in blood vessels, the response of blood pressure and vascular structure to chronic treatment with the endothelin receptor antagonist bosentan was evaluated. One-kidney, ...
Reddy D S - - 1996
The long-term effects of an arterial vasodilator, hydralazine, on myocardial structure and cardiac myosin isogene expression in pressure overload in rats were investigated. Portan rats were subjected to pressure overload by partial abdominal aortic constriction in order to study the effects of a 4-week treatment with hydralazine (15 mg/kg p.o.) ...
Arribas S M - - 1996
1. The aim of the present study was to analyse the noradrenergic transmission in the tail artery of hypertensive rats transgenic for the mouse renin gene Ren-2 (TGR) in comparison with its control, the Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat. 2. Electrical field stimulation (EFS) of vascular segments produced frequency-dependent vasoconstrictions that were ...
Ganguli M - - 1996
Renal papillary plasma flow was tested during acute increases and decreases of perfusion pressure using the 125I-labelled albumin technique. Increases of pressure were attained through ligation of carotid arteries; decreases of pressure through modest hemorrhage. In 12 control rats with blood pressure of 144 mmHg, the papillary plasma flow averaged ...
Tran C C - - 1996
This investigation was designed to determine whether repeated exposure to high sustained +Gz acceleration induces persisting changes in the myocardial energetic metabolism. Rats were exposed to three plateaus of 30 s at 10 +Gz, four times a week, for 4 weeks. Myocardial concentrations of high-energy phosphorylated compounds were evaluated by ...
Reddy S R - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the interaction of a linoleic acid enriched diet with NaCl on the development of hypertension in Dahl salt sensitive (Dahl-S) rats and in two-kidney, one-clip Sprague Dawley rats. METHODS: In both experimental models, separate groups of animals were fed either linoleic ...
Yang Z - - 1996
To compare the inhibitory influence of the caudal ventrolateral medulla (CVLM) on rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) between spontaneously hypertensive (SH) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats, we studied the blood pressure responses to administration of kainic acid, an excitotoxic agent, to CVLM. Unilateral or bilateral administration of kainic acid led to ...
Irvine, Rodney James.
Bibliography: leaves 145-165. Studies the relationship between nociceptive responses, blood pressure and locomotor activity in spontaneously hypertensive and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats.
Stoynev A G - - 1996
The aim of this study was to evaluate the participation of the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) in the generation and synchronization of cardiovascular rhythms. Seven sham-operated and 11 SCN-lesioned animals maintained under 12/12 hr light/dark cycle were used. Systolic arterial pressure (SAP) and heart rate (HR) were measured indirectly during 24-hour ...
Anwar M - - 1996
Enicostema littorale a useful medicinal herb was subjected to phytochemical as well as pharmacological investigations. A secoiridoid glycoside, swertiamarin, was isolated and identified on the basis of UV, IR, Mass and NMR spectroscopic measurements. However, pharmacological studies on the blood pressure of rats and ileum of Guinea-pig could not provide ...
Koike K - - 1996
To study the effects of aging on the blood pressure potency of phenylephrine, 6-, 10- and 40-week-old rats were used. In anesthetized rats, the potency (pD2 value) of phenylephrine on the blood pressure tended to increase with age from 6 to 10 weeks, but significantly decreased thereafter with age from ...
Myers M M - - 1996
We conducted this study to test the hypothesis that there are long-term effects of litter-size manipulations during the preweaning period on growth and adult blood pressure of rats. Litter size of genetically homogeneous borderline hypertensive rats, which were produced by cross-mating male Wistar-Kyoto rats with female spontaneously hypertensive rats, was ...
Horiuchi H - - 1995
Almitrine bismesylate is known to be an anti-hypoxemic agent that acts via the enhancement of hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction. However, screening for this class of compounds has been minimal, owing, in part, to a lack of convenient hypoxemic models in small animals. The present study was designed to establish a convenient ...
Ohno Y - - 1995
1. Blood pressure and Ca2+ mobilization were significantly greater in SHR than in Donryu and F1 rats. 2. Backcross linkage analysis between spontaneously hypertensive rats and normotensive Donryu rats was performed to dissect polygenic hypertensive traits and to detect the existence of a single 'major gene'. 3. Cluster and discriminant ...
Renaudin C - - 1995
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The involvement of immune factors in a given disease is suggested by evidence that a disease can be prevented by immunosuppression and can be transferred by lymphoid cells. Because the first type of experimental result was achieved in Lyon hypertensive (LH) rats, the present study was undertaken ...
Tomita N - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of plasma angiotensinogen on blood pressure regulation in normotensive rats, by a loss of function approach using antisense oligonucleotides. DESIGN AND METHODS: Eight-week-old male Wistar rats were transfected with antisense, sense or scrambled oligonucleotides using liposomes containing viral agglutinins, which are reported to be highly ...
Ishimitsu T - - 1995
Our previous study demonstrated that high potassium (K) diets reduce stroke mortality in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRsp) even when the blood pressure is not lowered. On the other hand, macrophage infiltration into the vascular wall is known to play an important role in the development of arterial lesions. In ...
Schmidt M H - - 1995
This experiment represents the first simultaneous analysis of corpus spongiosum of the penis (CSP) pressure and perineal muscle activity during reflex-induced penile erections in the awake rat and provides new data on the coordination of muscular and vascular events in erection physiology. Nine male Sprague-Dawley rats were implanted with pressure ...
Murphy C A - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether impaired reflex control of heart rate was evident in rats of the inbred Dahl hypertension-sensitive (SS/Jr) strains. DESIGN AND METHODS: Phenylephrine and sodium nitroprusside were administered through jugular catheters in graded doses to elicit a range of pressor and depressor responses, for which corresponding reflex decreases ...
Dunn W R - - 1995
In this study we examined the structural and functional properties of mesenteric resistance arteries isolated from normotensive and hypertensive vasopressin-deficient rats. Hypertensive rats had a significantly higher mean arterial pressure (176 +/- 3 mm Hg) than normotensive controls (121 +/- 2 mm Hg). First- and second-order mesenteric resistance arteries were ...
Xu Q - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Many factors cause acute systemic hypertension, which in turn can result in damage to the vessel wall and lead to vascular disease. In previous studies, we demonstrated that restraint, or immobilization stress, results in the induction of heat-shock protein 70 (hsp70) gene expression in the aorta of adult rat ...
Lacolley P - - 1995
The purpose of the present study was to determine the effects of chronic sinoaortic denervation on the mechanical properties and composition of the abdominal aorta in Wistar rats. We used a high-resolution echotracking system to determine in situ under physiological conditions of blood flow and arterial wall innervation the aortic ...
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