Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 2402
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Chrysos E - - 2006
In hypoxic stop-flow chemoperfusion high doses of chemotherapeutic agents are almost directly administered to locally advanced tumors without risking significant systemic toxicity, although chemotherapy-induced neurotoxicity is still a problem. The aim of the study was to assess rectoanal motility and sensation before, during and after abdominal and pelvic stop-flow chemotherapy ...
Nie Yuqiang - - 2006
PURPOSE: This study was designed to investigate the changes in rectal compliance and tone during anal electric stimulation and the involvement of the alpha-adrenergic pathway in conscious dogs. METHODS: Eight healthy dogs were studied in five randomized sessions. Anal sphincter pressure was quantified by using the area under the contractile ...
McMahon Barry P - - 2007
There is a need for new methods to study the dynamics of the esophagogastric junction (EGJ). The aims were to verify the efficacy and usefulness of a "functional lumen imaging probe" (FLIP) for the evaluation of the EGJ. Eight healthy volunteers (6 men), median age 26 (21-35) yr, and two ...
Shafik Ahmed - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIM: We present 18 women who under normal conditions had fecal and flatus control. They leaked flatus only during coitus. We investigated the hypothesis that these women had a concealed anal sphincteric disorder. METHODS: Eighteen multiparous women (mean age 44.8+/-7.2 SD years) complained of involuntary passage of flatus during coitus ...
Kaur Geetinder - - 2006
PURPOSE: Vectorgraphy as an integrated mapping of radial pressure profiles of the anal canal has been used to attempt identification of pressure-related defects with doubtful reliability since vectorgraphs bear no resemblance to endoanal ultrasound scans at similar levels in the anal canal. This study aimed to devise a technique to ...
Shafik Ahmed A Department of Surgery and Experimental Research, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt. - - 2006
To investigate whether the degree of rectal distension could define the rectum functions as a conduit or reservoir. Response of the rectal and anal pressure to 2 types of rectal balloon distension, rapid voluminous and slow gradual distention, was recorded in 21 healthy volunteers (12 men, 9 women, age 41.7 ...
Basu Kumar K - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Oesophageal dysmotility contributes to the pathogenesis of Barrett's epithelium (BE) allowing prolonged mucosal contact with injurious refluxate. Argon plasma coagulation (APC) is effective for BE ablation, but it is unknown whether the procedure affects oesophageal motility. AIM: To assess the effect of low power (30 W) APC therapy on ...
Zavadinack Netto Martin - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate, in dogs, the functions of biliary sphincter subjected to dilation hydrostatic balloon by the point of view of the radiographic and manometric alterations. METHODS: Twenty dogs were submitted to laparotomy, duodenotomy, and enlargement of the major duodenal papilla- GA(n=10) - with balloon of 8mm inflated with pressure ...
Madalinski Mariusz - - 2006
An anal fissure is a painful linear ulcer in the lower part of the anal canal. It is very often referred to as an ischemic ulcer. Anodermal blood flow is negatively correlated with resting pressure of the anus. Increased activity of the internal anal sphincter may decrease the anodermal blood ...
Simpson Richard R - - 2006
PURPOSE: Methods of anal manometry vary between centers, resulting in potential difficulties in interpretation of results. This study compared several accepted manometric techniques in healthy control subjects and in patients with fecal incontinence. METHODS: Eleven patients with fecal incontinence (M:F = 3:8; mean age = 67 years) and ten healthy ...
Michelsen Hanne B - - 2006
PURPOSE: Sacral nerve stimulation has proven to be a promising treatment for fecal incontinence when conventional treatment modalities have failed. There have been several hypotheses concerning the mode of action of sacral nerve stimulation, but the mechanism is still unclear. This study was designed to evaluate the results of rectal ...
Ng Soo-Cheen - - 2007
The objective of this paper is to evaluate age and associated factors affecting anorectal pressure profilometry in anal-continent women with lower urinary tract symptoms. One hundred and ten anal-continent women (mean age, 47.7+/-12.8 years; range, 23-87 years) with lower urinary tract symptoms voluntarily participated in this study after undergoing a ...
Bardan E - - 2006
Radial asymmetry of the upper oesophageal sphincter high-pressure zone (UESHPZ) is an accepted notion based on manometric studies. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of the catheter diameter and configuration on the resting pressure profile of the UES. We studied 14 young (30 +/- 2 years) and 14 healthy ...
McMahon Barry P BP Department of Medical Physics and Clinical Engineering, Adelaide and Meath Hospital, Tallaght, Dublin 24, Ireland. - - 2006
Despite its role in disease there is still no definitive method to assess oesophago-gastric junction competence (OGJ). Traditionally the OGJ has been assessed using manometry with lower oesophageal sphincter pressure as the indicator. More recently this has been shown not to be a very reliable marker of sphincter function and ...
Lunding Johan A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: A new distension paradigm, by which the gastric volume response to ramp-tonic distension can be analysed in detail, has been developed. The aim of this study was to investigate the applicability of this new paradigm in man, and to compare pressure-induced gastric accommodation in healthy volunteers (HV) and patients ...
Liu Jianmin - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Resting and squeeze pressures in the anal canal are thought to reflect the contributions of the internal anal sphincter (IAS) and the external anal sphincter (EAS) respectively. Role of the puborectalis muscle (PRM) in the genesis of anal canal pressure is not known. OBJECTIVES: To determine the functional correlates ...
Liu J - - 2006
Relaxation and opening of the oesophago-gastric junction (OGJ) is crucial for oesophageal transport. A novel ultrasound technique was used to determine OGJ opening, before and after atropine, in 12 normals. An ultrasound probe, a solid-state pressure transducer and an infusion tube were placed inside a 20-mm diameter bag, which was ...
Ghosh Sudip K - - 2006
This study aimed to use a novel high-resolution manometry (HRM) system to establish normative values for deglutitive upper esophageal sphincter (UES) relaxation. Seventy-five asymptomatic controls were studied. A solid-state HRM assembly with 36 circumferential sensors spaced 1 cm apart was positioned to record from the hypopharynx to the stomach. Subjects ...
Kido Hiroko - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to clarify the mechanisms of a topical ointment containing an Escherichia coli culture suspension and hydrocortisone (Posterisan forte, BCS+HC) in lowering internal anal pressure in conscious rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Internal anal pressure was measured using a water-filled balloon system for consecutive 10-min periods. The ...
Youmans Scott R - - 2006
The availability of objective measures of tongue function presents a possible supplement to the clinical dysphagia evaluation. The purpose of this study was to improve our understanding of normal tongue physiology during swallowing and maximum isometric tasks, establish a preliminary database of tongue function variables, and determine if differences existed ...
Crookes P F - - 2006
The function of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) has historically been elucidated by two major manometric methods: the one concentrating on static parameters including resting pressure, overall length, and intraabdominal length, and the other concentrating on the episodic loss of sphincter tone, termed "transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxations" (TLESRs). Both ...
Mulak Agata A Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Wroclaw Medical University, Poniatowskiego 2, 50-326 Wroclaw, Poland. - - 2006
To evaluate the effect of sumatriptan, a selective 5-HT1 agonist, on anorectal function in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients. Twenty-two IBS patients selected according to the Rome II criteria (F 15, M 7; mean age 29.3+/-6.8, range 22-44 years) were examined. The study was blind, randomized and placebo-controlled with a ...
Mikio NISHIOKA
In attempt to elucidate the kinetic mechanism of biliary regurgitation, the rabbit livers were subjected to measurement of bile secretion pressure under various conditions, and retrograde intrabiliary injection of radioactive iodine and India ink particles were carried out at various pressures to study their transfer into the blood stream. Electron ...
Santos Robespierre - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Artificial neural networks (ANNs) can rapidly analyse large data sets and exploit complex mathematical relationships between variables. We investigated the feasibility of utilizing ANNs in the recognition and objective classification of primary oesophageal motor disorders, based on stationary oesophageal manometry recordings. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred swallow sequences, including ...
Florisson J M G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Anal pressures are commonly measured using water-perfused and solid-state manometers. We constructed a dynamic model of the anus to compare the agreement and reproducibility of the two types of manometers. METHODS: The model system was constructed using a pig anorectum together with an inflatable bowel sphincter. The pig anorectum ...
Nie Yuqiang - - 2006
PURPOSE: This study was designed to investigate the effects and mechanisms of anal electric stimulation with long pulses on anal sphincter pressure in conscious dogs. METHODS: The study was performed after enema in nine healthy female hound dogs and composed of four randomized sessions ("dose"-response, anal electric stimulation only, or ...
Burger D M - - 2006
The suitability of passive telemetry for long-term measurements of gastric motility in two groups of dogs with different body weights, four Beagles and four Labrador Retrievers, was investigated. An intra-abdominal measuring device, with a pressure sensor and electrodes within the gastric wall, allowed the continuous recording of the intensity and ...
Aguiar-Ricz Lílian - - 2007
BACKGROUND: After total laryngectomy, the interruption of the upper digestive tube and the section of the cricopharyngeal segment alter the high-pressure zone of the pharyngoesophageal transition, which will not only start to have a digestive function, but also be stimulated to take on the production of voice and speech. The ...
Heese Oliver - - 2006
Temporary dysphagia after anterior cervical discectomy (ACD) is common. However, its mechanism is poorly understood. Pressure induced by retractor blades onto pharynx/esophagus were measured intraoperatively in order to gain more information regarding traumatization of the pharynx/esophagus wall. Thirty-one patients underwent anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) for degenerative disc disease. ...
Bharucha Adil E - - 2006
Anal manometry measures circumferential pressures but not axial forces that are responsible for defecation and contribute to fecal continence. Our aims were to investigate these mechanisms by measuring axial rectoanal forces with an intrarectal sphere or a latex balloon fixed at 8, 6, or 4 cm from the anal verge ...
Pandolfino John E - - 2006
Our aim was to define normal esophagogastric junction (EGJ) morphology and relaxation characteristics using high-resolution manometry (HRM). To this end, 75 asymptomatic controls underwent HRM with a solid-state manometric assembly incorporating 36 circumferential sensors spaced at 1-cm intervals positioned to record from the hypopharynx to the stomach. Ten 5-ml water ...
Bredenoord Albert J - - 2006
BACKGROUND & AIMS: In small hiatal hernias, the size of the hernia is variable. Intermittent complete reduction can be observed with high-resolution manometry as a transition from a double-peak (hernia) to a single-peak (reduced) high-pressure zone. The aim of this study was to investigate whether intermittent separation of the diaphragm ...
Andersen I S - - 2006
We investigated the effect of efferent stimulation of the pelvic (PN), hypogastric (HGN) and pudendal (PuN) nerves on ano-rectal motility in Göttingen minipigs using an impedance planimetry probe. Changes in the rectal cross-sectional area (CSA) at five axial positions and pressures in the rectum and anal canal were investigated simultaneously. ...
Arvidsson Susanne - - 2006
Recently, a new manometric method has been proposed to quantify visceromotor responses (VMR) to colorectal distension (CRD) in rats. This method is based on monitoring pressure changes within the distending balloon during CRD. This study assesses the applicability of such a technique to the quantification of VMRs to CRD in ...
Tipnis Neelesh A - - 2006
An increase in intraesophageal pressure during transient lower esophageal sphincter (LES) relaxation [referred to as common cavity (CC) pressure] is thought to be a marker of gastroesophageal reflux (GER). Multiluminal impedance (MII) measurement is a sensitive marker of reflux entry into the esophagus during GER. We recorded GER using esophageal ...
Gentilcore, Diana
This thesis presents studies relating to the role of the gastrointestinal tract in postprandial blood pressure regulation. The areas that have been addressed include : ( i ) the methodological approaches to the evaluation of gastric emptying, blood pressure, splanchnic blood flow, intraluminal manometry and gut hormones and ( ii ...
Andrade C G - - 2006
Due to the introduction of computer technology into manometry laboratories, three-dimensional manometric images of the lower esophageal sphincter can be constructed based on radially oriented pressures, a method termed 'computerized axial manometry.' Calculation of the sphincter pressure vector volume using this method is superior to standard manometric techniques in assessing ...
Lohsiriwat S - - 2006
Caffeine affects many aspects of body function including the gastrointestinal system. A single-blinded experimental study was performed to evaluate the effect of caffeine on lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and esophageal peristaltic contractions in healthy Thai adults. The volunteers were six men and six women aged 19-31 years. Subjects drank 100 ...
Massey Benson T - - 2006
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation is the main mechanism for gastroesophageal reflux. Although there is evidence that transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxations are neurally mediated, another school of thought is that transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxations result from gastric distention, which shortens the sphincter to the point ...
Fritscher-Ravens Annette - - 2006
Endoluminal operations for reflux are currently limited by the inability to visualise and manipulate structures outside the wall of the gut. This may be possible using endoscopic ultrasound (EUS). The aim of this study was to define EUS-anatomy of structures outside the gut which influence reflux; to place stitches in ...
Korcek J - - 2006
Authors operated on their Surgical departement 67 years old women with incomplete evacuation, and digital support during defecation, giant rectocele and massive vaginal vault prolaps. Authors realized cinedefecography and detected giant rectocele, depth was 8 cm, anorectal angle was 120 degrees. They stated Resting pressure 40 cm H2O, and Maximum ...
Shafik Ahmed - - 2006
HYPOTHESIS: At mass contraction of the descending colon, the colonic contents stop at the sigmoid colon (SC) and do not pass directly to the rectum. We investigated the hypothesis that a continent mechanism seems to exist at the rectosigmoidal junction (RSJ), preventing the direct passage of stools from the descending ...
Shafik Ahmed - - 2006
Current evidence suggests that there are three sphincters that regulate the flow of chyme from stomach to the duodenum. We investigated the hypothesis whether a fourth 'physiologic sphincter' exists at the duodeno-jejunal junction. The pressure response of the jejunum, duodeno-jejunal junction and duodenum to individual balloon distension of the jejunum ...
de Jong J R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Alterations in esophageal motility may occur after placement of an adjustable gastric band as treatment for morbid obesity, near the gastro-esophageal junction. It causes an outlet obstruction, especially during follow-up after the band is filled. METHODS: 29 morbidly obese patients underwent conventional manometry preoperatively, 6 weeks postoperatively before and ...
Hogan Jennifer A JA Dept. of Electrical & Computer Engineering, University of Calgary, AB, Canada. - - 2006
Gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common cause of chronic cough. However, a low-cost diagnostic tool for linking GERD and cough in a cause and effect relationship is still lacking. In the present study, an intra-esophageal cough detection probe that comprises a miniature white-light interferometric fiber optic pressure sensor is ...
Zimmerli E J - - 2006
Bulimia nervosa (BN) is a psychiatric illness characterized by eating binges followed by inappropriate behavioral attempts to compensate for the binges, usually vomiting or laxative abuse. Patients with BN have disturbances in the development of satiety during a meal as well as disturbances in functions of the upper gastrointestinal tract ...
Scheffer Robert C H - - 2005
BACKGROUND & AIMS: This study was conducted to explore the role of proximal gastric volume and transsphincteric pressure on acid reflux during transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation (TLESR) in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) both before and after laparoscopic fundoplication. METHODS: Twenty GERD patients were studied before and after ...
Cremonini F - - 2005
We assessed reproducibility of measurements of rectal compliance and sensation in health in studies conducted at two centres. We estimated samples size necessary to show clinically meaningful changes in future studies. We performed rectal barostat tests three times (day 1, day 1 after 4 h and 14-17 days later) in ...
Moschos John - - 2005
AIM: To investigate the relationship between Helicobacter pylori and gastro-oesophageal reflux disease according to manometric and pHmetric findings. METHOD: Fifty-nine consecutive patients with reflux symptoms and endoscopic evidence of mild oesophagitis, were recruited. Manometry and ambulatory pHmetry were performed in all patients, as well as the 3-hour postprandial pHmetry, as ...
Nisar P J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: This study examined the effect of a single local application of L-erythro methoxamine, an alpha(1)-adrenoceptor agonist, on mean anal resting pressure (MARP) and cardiovascular variables in healthy volunteers. METHODS: L-Erythro methoxamine gel was administered in a single-blind manner; 0.3-3 per cent gels were applied perianally (n = 12), 1-3 ...
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