Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 2373
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Chauhan Ashutosh - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Increased maximum resting anal pressures (MRAP) have been found in patients with large prolapsed hemorrhoids undergoing hemorrhoidectomy, but their pathogenic role is controversial especially in view of the sphincteric damage that occurs with open and stapled procedures. This prospective randomized clinical trial was conducted to compare anal pressure changes ...
Volonté Francesco - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Intrathoracic periesophageal fundoplication carries a high risk of treacherous technical complications such as spontaneous gastric perforation. METHODS: An intrathoracic fundoplication was performed on 84 patients suffering from gastroesophageal reflux disease with the junction between upper gastric folds and the unwrinkled esophageal mucosa remaining above the diaphragm while the esophageal ...
Sauper Tonja - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The purpose of our study was to assess anal function in professional mountain bikers, as an increasing number of cycling enthusiasts report functional and morphological problems in the anal region. We tried to find out if constant saddle vibration suffered by professional cyclists could lead to defecation disorders. METHODS: ...
Clarke J O - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Implantable microstimulators (IMS) have been used in a variety of medical conditions. Selective stimulation to increase lower esophageal sphincter (LES) pressure may be useful in the control of gastroesophageal reflux disease. We evaluated on-demand stimulation of the LES with an endoscopically implanted microstimulator. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Pandolfino J E - - 2007
The aim of this study was to determine whether attachment of the Bravo pH monitoring capsule alters esophageal motility. Twenty normal subjects were studied with 36-channel high-resolution manometry before and after Bravo capsule placement. Subjects performed 10 5-mL water-swallows in both upright and supine positions and two 5-mL barium-swallows under ...
Zbar A P - - 2007
The assessment of parameters which adequately represent rectal and neorectal compliance is complex. Biological properties of the rectum during distension and relaxation show significant departures from in vitro physical compliance measurements; as much dependent upon the viscoelastic charateristics of hollow organ deformation as upon the technique of compliance calculation. This ...
Foster Erina - - 2007
Post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) is a potential complication of ERCP. Pharmacotherapy for prevention of PEP aims at reducing basal sphincter pressure and contractility or a decrease in pancreatic secretion to reduce intraductal pressure. Timing and route of administration of drugs are critical to ensure maximum benefits from medications. Pancreatic stenting offers ...
Thomson Andrew - - 2007
Effective antihypertensive therapy reduces the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease and death. Perindopril, a long-acting angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, is an established antihypertensive agent administered as a once-daily tablet. To review recent evidence for the use of perindopril in the treatment of hypertension. Evidence shows that perindopril alone or ...
Zhang Wen-Qiang - - 2006
AIM: To study the prolonged colonic motility under normal conditions with a novel capsule-style micro-system and to assess its clinical significance. METHODS: A single use telemetry capsule (10 mm in diameter, 20 mm in length) embedded with a pressure sensor was ingested by the subjects. The sensor is capable of ...
Shafik Ahmed - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The current view holds that gastric emptying is effected by the force of the antral peristaltic wave squeezing food particles through pyloric sphincter resistance. Whether this is accomplished by a reflex action was investigated. MATERIAL/METHODS: The study comprised 12 healthy volunteers (age: 42.2+/-10.6 years). A balloon-tipped and a manometric ...
Zhang W Q - - 2007
Colonic motility disorders are common conditions. However, our understanding of normal and pathological motor functions of the colon remains limited, mainly due to the technical difficulties in accessing this organ for study. To investigate colonic motility under normal physiological conditions, we have developed a novel monitoring system based on a ...
Leonard Rebecca - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The gold standard objective measure of pharyngeal strength is pharyngeal manometry. We have developed an objective fluoroscopic measure of pharyngeal strength, the pharyngeal constriction ratio (PCR). A high PCR indicates poor pharyngeal constriction. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the correlation between the PCR and peak ...
Dobben Annette C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Anal inspection and digital rectal examination are routinely performed in fecal incontinent patients but it is not clear to what extent they contribute to the diagnostic work-up. We examined if and how findings of anal inspection and rectal examination are associated with anorectal function tests and endoanal ultrasonography. METHODS: ...
Schrag Hans-J - - 2006
An artificial sphincter prototype has been developed, specifically designed for comfortable remote control by fecally incontinent patients. The artificial sphincter includes a fluid reservoir, an occlusive cuff, and a micropump based on piezo-technology in a single unit. Continence and implantation management were evaluated around isolated porcine anal canals and in ...
Montazeri Ghodrat - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Subjective assessment of primary achalasia is not accurate. We aimed to study the utility of surface area of barium retention in the objective assessment of these patients. METHODS: Subjective and objective esophageal functions of 99 patients with primary achalasia were evaluated initially and 43 of them were reevaluated 1 ...
O'Rourke Robert W - - 2006
This work establishes an animal model for nonadjustable gastric banding and characterizes the effect of gastric banding on esophageal physiology. Obstruction at the esophagogastric junction (EGJ) results in esophageal dilation and aperistalsis. Although laparoscopic gastric banding as a primary treatment of morbid obesity has been widely accepted, the effects of ...
Steele Catriona M - - 2007
This study explored the influence of two methods of effortful swallow execution on the timing of pharyngeal pressure events. Participants were asked to either emphasize or minimize tongue-to-palate contact during performance of the maneuver. Twenty healthy participants were evaluated using concurrent submental surface electromyography (sEMG), orolingual manometry, and pharyngeal manometry. ...
Padda Bikram S - - 2007
The role of pelvic floor muscle contraction in the genesis of anal canal pressure is not clear. Recent studies have suggested that vaginal distension increases pelvic floor muscle contraction. We studied the effects of vaginal distension on anal canal pressure in 15 nullipara asymptomatic women. Anal pressure, rest, and squeeze ...
Nguyen Nam Q - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Esophageal wave amplitude is an important determinant of esophageal clearance. A threshold of 30 mmHg is widely accepted as the threshold for effective clearance in the distal esophagus. However, the precise relationship between wave amplitude and clearance has received relatively little attention. The aim of this study was to ...
Fox M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Tegaserod is a partial 5-hydroxytryptamine 4 receptor agonist with prokinetic effects on the gastrointestinal tract, its effects on oesophageal function are unknown. AIM: A randomized, placebo controlled, double-blind trial assessed the effect of tegaserod on the oesophagus in healthy, asymptomatic subjects. METHOD: A 7-day course of tegaserod 6 mg ...
Pandolfino John E - - 2006
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The aim of this study was to perform a detailed analysis of the mechanics leading to esophagogastric junction (EGJ) opening during transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxations (tLESRs) using high-resolution manometry coupled with simultaneous fluoroscopy. METHODS: Six subjects without hiatus hernia had endoclips placed at the squamocolumnar junction ...
Chrysos E - - 2006
In hypoxic stop-flow chemoperfusion high doses of chemotherapeutic agents are almost directly administered to locally advanced tumors without risking significant systemic toxicity, although chemotherapy-induced neurotoxicity is still a problem. The aim of the study was to assess rectoanal motility and sensation before, during and after abdominal and pelvic stop-flow chemotherapy ...
Nie Yuqiang - - 2006
PURPOSE: This study was designed to investigate the changes in rectal compliance and tone during anal electric stimulation and the involvement of the alpha-adrenergic pathway in conscious dogs. METHODS: Eight healthy dogs were studied in five randomized sessions. Anal sphincter pressure was quantified by using the area under the contractile ...
McMahon Barry P - - 2007
There is a need for new methods to study the dynamics of the esophagogastric junction (EGJ). The aims were to verify the efficacy and usefulness of a "functional lumen imaging probe" (FLIP) for the evaluation of the EGJ. Eight healthy volunteers (6 men), median age 26 (21-35) yr, and two ...
Shafik Ahmed - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIM: We present 18 women who under normal conditions had fecal and flatus control. They leaked flatus only during coitus. We investigated the hypothesis that these women had a concealed anal sphincteric disorder. METHODS: Eighteen multiparous women (mean age 44.8+/-7.2 SD years) complained of involuntary passage of flatus during coitus ...
Kaur Geetinder - - 2006
PURPOSE: Vectorgraphy as an integrated mapping of radial pressure profiles of the anal canal has been used to attempt identification of pressure-related defects with doubtful reliability since vectorgraphs bear no resemblance to endoanal ultrasound scans at similar levels in the anal canal. This study aimed to devise a technique to ...
Shafik Ahmed - - 2006
AIM: To investigate whether the degree of rectal distension could define the rectum functions as a conduit or reservoir. METHODS: Response of the rectal and anal pressure to 2 types of rectal balloon distension, rapid voluminous and slow gradual distention, was recorded in 21 healthy volunteers (12 men, 9 women, ...
Basu Kumar K - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Oesophageal dysmotility contributes to the pathogenesis of Barrett's epithelium (BE) allowing prolonged mucosal contact with injurious refluxate. Argon plasma coagulation (APC) is effective for BE ablation, but it is unknown whether the procedure affects oesophageal motility. AIM: To assess the effect of low power (30 W) APC therapy on ...
Zavadinack Netto Martin - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate, in dogs, the functions of biliary sphincter subjected to dilation hydrostatic balloon by the point of view of the radiographic and manometric alterations. METHODS: Twenty dogs were submitted to laparotomy, duodenotomy, and enlargement of the major duodenal papilla- GA(n=10) - with balloon of 8mm inflated with pressure ...
Madalinski Mariusz - - 2006
An anal fissure is a painful linear ulcer in the lower part of the anal canal. It is very often referred to as an ischemic ulcer. Anodermal blood flow is negatively correlated with resting pressure of the anus. Increased activity of the internal anal sphincter may decrease the anodermal blood ...
Simpson Richard R - - 2006
PURPOSE: Methods of anal manometry vary between centers, resulting in potential difficulties in interpretation of results. This study compared several accepted manometric techniques in healthy control subjects and in patients with fecal incontinence. METHODS: Eleven patients with fecal incontinence (M:F = 3:8; mean age = 67 years) and ten healthy ...
Michelsen Hanne B - - 2006
PURPOSE: Sacral nerve stimulation has proven to be a promising treatment for fecal incontinence when conventional treatment modalities have failed. There have been several hypotheses concerning the mode of action of sacral nerve stimulation, but the mechanism is still unclear. This study was designed to evaluate the results of rectal ...
Ng Soo-Cheen - - 2007
The objective of this paper is to evaluate age and associated factors affecting anorectal pressure profilometry in anal-continent women with lower urinary tract symptoms. One hundred and ten anal-continent women (mean age, 47.7+/-12.8 years; range, 23-87 years) with lower urinary tract symptoms voluntarily participated in this study after undergoing a ...
Bardan E - - 2006
Radial asymmetry of the upper oesophageal sphincter high-pressure zone (UESHPZ) is an accepted notion based on manometric studies. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of the catheter diameter and configuration on the resting pressure profile of the UES. We studied 14 young (30 +/- 2 years) and 14 healthy ...
McMahon Barry P - - 2006
Despite its role in disease there is still no definitive method to assess oesophago-gastric junction competence (OGJ). Traditionally the OGJ has been assessed using manometry with lower oesophageal sphincter pressure as the indicator. More recently this has been shown not to be a very reliable marker of sphincter function and ...
Lunding Johan A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: A new distension paradigm, by which the gastric volume response to ramp-tonic distension can be analysed in detail, has been developed. The aim of this study was to investigate the applicability of this new paradigm in man, and to compare pressure-induced gastric accommodation in healthy volunteers (HV) and patients ...
Liu Jianmin - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Resting and squeeze pressures in the anal canal are thought to reflect the contributions of the internal anal sphincter (IAS) and the external anal sphincter (EAS) respectively. Role of the puborectalis muscle (PRM) in the genesis of anal canal pressure is not known. OBJECTIVES: To determine the functional correlates ...
Liu J - - 2006
Relaxation and opening of the oesophago-gastric junction (OGJ) is crucial for oesophageal transport. A novel ultrasound technique was used to determine OGJ opening, before and after atropine, in 12 normals. An ultrasound probe, a solid-state pressure transducer and an infusion tube were placed inside a 20-mm diameter bag, which was ...
Ghosh Sudip K - - 2006
This study aimed to use a novel high-resolution manometry (HRM) system to establish normative values for deglutitive upper esophageal sphincter (UES) relaxation. Seventy-five asymptomatic controls were studied. A solid-state HRM assembly with 36 circumferential sensors spaced 1 cm apart was positioned to record from the hypopharynx to the stomach. Subjects ...
Kido Hiroko - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to clarify the mechanisms of a topical ointment containing an Escherichia coli culture suspension and hydrocortisone (Posterisan forte, BCS+HC) in lowering internal anal pressure in conscious rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Internal anal pressure was measured using a water-filled balloon system for consecutive 10-min periods. The ...
Youmans Scott R - - 2006
The availability of objective measures of tongue function presents a possible supplement to the clinical dysphagia evaluation. The purpose of this study was to improve our understanding of normal tongue physiology during swallowing and maximum isometric tasks, establish a preliminary database of tongue function variables, and determine if differences existed ...
Crookes P F - - 2006
The function of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) has historically been elucidated by two major manometric methods: the one concentrating on static parameters including resting pressure, overall length, and intraabdominal length, and the other concentrating on the episodic loss of sphincter tone, termed "transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxations" (TLESRs). Both ...
Mulak Agata - - 2006
AIM: To evaluate the effect of sumatriptan, a selective 5-HT1 agonist, on anorectal function in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients. METHODS: Twenty-two IBS patients selected according to the Rome II criteria (F 15, M 7; mean age 29.3+/-6.8, range 22-44 years) were examined. The study was blind, randomized and placebo-controlled ...
Mikio NISHIOKA
In attempt to elucidate the kinetic mechanism of biliary regurgitation, the rabbit livers were subjected to measurement of bile secretion pressure under various conditions, and retrograde intrabiliary injection of radioactive iodine and India ink particles were carried out at various pressures to study their transfer into the blood stream. Electron ...
Santos Robespierre - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Artificial neural networks (ANNs) can rapidly analyse large data sets and exploit complex mathematical relationships between variables. We investigated the feasibility of utilizing ANNs in the recognition and objective classification of primary oesophageal motor disorders, based on stationary oesophageal manometry recordings. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred swallow sequences, including ...
Florisson J M G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Anal pressures are commonly measured using water-perfused and solid-state manometers. We constructed a dynamic model of the anus to compare the agreement and reproducibility of the two types of manometers. METHODS: The model system was constructed using a pig anorectum together with an inflatable bowel sphincter. The pig anorectum ...
Nie Yuqiang - - 2006
PURPOSE: This study was designed to investigate the effects and mechanisms of anal electric stimulation with long pulses on anal sphincter pressure in conscious dogs. METHODS: The study was performed after enema in nine healthy female hound dogs and composed of four randomized sessions ("dose"-response, anal electric stimulation only, or ...
Burger D M - - 2006
The suitability of passive telemetry for long-term measurements of gastric motility in two groups of dogs with different body weights, four Beagles and four Labrador Retrievers, was investigated. An intra-abdominal measuring device, with a pressure sensor and electrodes within the gastric wall, allowed the continuous recording of the intensity and ...
Aguiar-Ricz Lílian - - 2007
BACKGROUND: After total laryngectomy, the interruption of the upper digestive tube and the section of the cricopharyngeal segment alter the high-pressure zone of the pharyngoesophageal transition, which will not only start to have a digestive function, but also be stimulated to take on the production of voice and speech. The ...
Heese Oliver - - 2006
Temporary dysphagia after anterior cervical discectomy (ACD) is common. However, its mechanism is poorly understood. Pressure induced by retractor blades onto pharynx/esophagus were measured intraoperatively in order to gain more information regarding traumatization of the pharynx/esophagus wall. Thirty-one patients underwent anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) for degenerative disc disease. ...
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