Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 2401
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Tjandra J J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Some haemorrhoids are associated with high resting anal canal pressures. The aim of this study was to assess if Rectogesic, a topical glyceryl trinitrate 0.2% ointment was effective in relieving symptoms of early grade haemorrhoids associated with high resting anal canal pressures. METHOD: This was a prospective, two-centre, open ...
Yeginsu Ali - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of esophagotomy closure techniques on the esophageal bursting pressure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Altogether, 122 freshly dead sheep esophagi received from the local slaughterhouse were prepared for manual closure. After esophagotomy, the specimens were divided into four groups. An interrupted ...
Shafik Ahmed A Department of Surgery and Experimental Research, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, 2 Talaat Harb Street, Cairo, Egypt. - - 2007
To investigate the hypothesis that duodenal bulb (DB) inhibition on pyloric antrum (PA) contraction is reflex. Balloon (condom)-tipped tube was introduced into 1(st) duodenum (DD) and a manometric tube into each of PA and DD. Duodenal and antral pressure response to duodenal and then PA balloon distension with saline was ...
Pascual Marta - - 2008
Nearly all chronic anal fissures occur in the posterior midline of the anal canal. However, some of them are in the anterior midline and are rarely double or in the lateral anal walls. The aim of this study was to determine if the clinical, manometric and endosonographic characteristics in patients ...
Myers J C - - 2007
Purpose Distal oesophageal ramp pressure upon swallowing results from resistance from the oesophago-gastric junction below and pressure from above (peristaltic wave) with pressure build-up in the distal oesophagus. Ramps are observed during manometry, but the factors which influence the magnitude of ramp pressure have not been elucidated. This study aims ...
Gooneratne Mayoni L - - 2007
PURPOSE: Pudendal neuropathy and fecal incontinence frequently coexist; however, the contribution of neuropathy is unknown. The pudendal nerve innervates the external anal sphincter muscle, anal canal skin, and coordinates reflex pathways. Lateral dominance or a dominantly innervating nerve and its subsequent damage may have major implications in the etiology and ...
Li W G - - 2007
This paper studies two one-dimensional models to estimate the pressure drop in the normal human biliary system for Reynolds number up to 20. Excessive pressure drop during bile emptying and refilling may result in incomplete bile emptying, leading to stasis and subsequent formation of gallbladder stones. The models were developed ...
Lindén Mats - - 2007
In patients with dysphagia and radiologic signs of dysfunction of the upper esophageal sphincter (UES), manometry is helpful in giving a better understanding of muscular activity during swallowing. Traditional manometric methods include use of perfusion catheters or solid-state intraluminal strain gauges. The rapid and asymmetric pressure variations in the UES ...
Jones Michael P - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: High-resolution manometry (HRM) combined with novel interpretive software allows for the interpolation of manometric recordings into highly detailed topographical plots of intraluminal pressure events relative to time and location. To date, HRM has been used primarily in the study of esophageal disorders and has been shown to provide greater ...
Hammer J - - 2007
Intraluminal capsaicin induces perception in the jejunum, but chemosensitivity of proximal gastrointestinal regions is unclear. Our aim was to evaluate the quality of perception induced by intraluminal capsaicin in different regions of the upper gastrointestinal tract. Healthy volunteers received either an oral tube for distension and capsaicin perfusion of the ...
Frenz Markus B - - 2007
Perfusion manometry of the sphincter of Oddi has been the standard for the investigation of patients with presumed sphincter of Oddi dysfunction (SOD). Microtransducer manometry (MTM) of the sphincter of Oddi represents an alternative to perfusion manometry. The technical success and reproducibility of MTM are as good as for perfusion ...
Senel Emrah - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Fecal incontinence is a common problem after reconstructive surgery for anorectal malformations. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of clinical scores and anorectal manometry in patients, who have been operated on for anorectal malformations. METHODS: In total, 18 patients who underwent surgery for anorectal malformation ...
Esfandyari Tuba - - 2007
Cannabinoid receptors (CBR) are located on cholinergic neurons in the brain stem, stomach, and colon. CBR stimulation inhibits motility in rodents. Effects in humans are unclear. Dronabinol (DRO), a nonselective CBR agonist, inhibits colonic motility and sensation. The aim of this study was to compare effects of DRO and placebo ...
Pilichiewicz Amelia N - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The herbal preparation Iberogast has been reported to improve upper abdominal symptoms in functional dyspepsia (FD) and to decrease fundic tone, increase antral contractility, and decrease afferent nerve sensitivity in experimental animals. The effects of Iberogast on the human gastrointestinal tract have not been evaluated. METHODS: We investigated the ...
Yang Wei W School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. - - 2007
The peristaltic transport of swallowed material in the esophagus is a neuro-muscular function involving the nerve control, bolus-structure interaction, and structure-mechanics relationship of the tissue. In this study, a finite element model (FEM) was developed to simulate food transport through the esophagus. The FEM consists of three components, i.e., tissue, ...
Pandolfino J E - - 2007
Transient lower oesophageal sphincter relaxations (tLOSRs) are both a dominant mechanism of reflux and an element of the belch reflex. This study aimed to analyse the interplay between reflux and upper oesophageal sphincter (UOS) activity during meal-induced tLOSRs. Fifteen normal subjects were studied with a solid-state high-resolution manometry assembly positioned ...
Desipio J - - 2007
Manometric recording from the pyloric channel is challenging and is usually performed with a sleeve device. Recently, a solid-state manometry system was developed, which incorporates 36 circumferential pressure sensors spaced at 1-cm intervals. Our aim was to use this system to determine whether it provided useful manometric measurements of the ...
Pandolfino John E - - 2007
AIM: High-resolution manometry (HRM) provides a spatially enhanced, dynamic representation of the esophagogastric junction (EGJ) high-pressure zone making it possible to isolate the crural diaphragm (CD) contraction from expiratory lower esophageal sphincter (LES) pressure. This study compared CD function of subjects with and without gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). METHODS: A ...
Toyonaga Takayuki - - 2007
PURPOSE: This study compared the clinical and physiological results of non-sphincter splitting fistulectomy (N-SSF) with those of sphincter splitting fistulotomy (SSF) for treatment of high trans-sphincteric fistula-in-ano. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, observational study was undertaken in 70 consecutive patients with high trans-sphincteric fistula treated by SSF (n = 35) ...
Dent John - - 2007
This article reviews and places into context the development of lower oesophageal sphincter (LOS) manometry, the key technique for researching the mechanics of this region. The first of two major challenges, being able to record sphincter pressure accurately with generally available equipment, was solved by the advent of perfused manometry ...
Günal Omer - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Anal manometry is a useful tool for testing the effectiveness of surgical treatment. However, most techniques for anal pressure measurement are not easily available because of high cost. The aim of the present study was to introduce an easy and reproducible method for measuring anal pressures in testing the ...
Sato Yasunori - - 2007
Gabexate mesilate (GM) relaxes the papilla of Vater in addition to inhibiting the several proteases. We evaluated whether prophylactic administration of GM would prevent the occurrence of acute pancreatitis in endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (EPBD). Nineteen patients with common bile duct stones were separated into two groups according to the ...
Andersson M - - 2007
PURPOSE: To describe timed barium esophagogram (TBE) characteristics in patients with newly diagnosed idiopathic achalasia, and to correlate these with clinical and manometric variables. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-six consecutive patients with newly diagnosed achalasia were examined with TBE. Esophageal emptying was assessed using the height, area, and volume of the ...
Messina M - - 2007
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the anal manometric changes and the clinical effects after topical application of isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) in patients with persistent constipation after pull-through surgery for Hirschsprung's disease (HD). METHODS: We studied 3 children (2 males and 1 female), aged 2, 3 and ...
Toyonaga Takayuki - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This study was undertaken to determine the incidence of and risk factors for anal incontinence after fistulotomy for intersphincteric fistula-in-ano. We also evaluated the role of anal manometry in preoperative assessment of intersphincteric fistula. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, observational study was undertaken in 148 patients who ...
Shepherd Kelly L - - 2007
The lower esophageal sphincter (LES) is the primary barrier to gastroesophageal reflux. Reflux is associated with periods of LES relaxation, as occurs during swallowing. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has been shown to reduce reflux in individuals with and without sleep apnea, by an unknown mechanism. The aim of this ...
Karpefors M - - 2007
Controlled distension of hollow organs is an accepted technique for generating reproducible visceral stimuli. We have constructed a new, flexible and intelligent distension system in which discomfort, pain and autonomic responses are recorded online. These responses can be fed back into the system in a regulatory loop and be used ...
Kamberoglou D K - - 2007
Nutcracker esophagus (NE) is a primary esophageal motility disorder characterized by high-wave amplitude at the distal esophagus. The aim of this study was to analyze patients with NE and determine the relationship between distal esophageal contraction amplitude and lower esophageal sphincter (LES) pressure. Esophageal manometry tracings of patients with NE, ...
Chauhan Ashutosh - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Increased maximum resting anal pressures (MRAP) have been found in patients with large prolapsed hemorrhoids undergoing hemorrhoidectomy, but their pathogenic role is controversial especially in view of the sphincteric damage that occurs with open and stapled procedures. This prospective randomized clinical trial was conducted to compare anal pressure changes ...
Volonté Francesco - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Intrathoracic periesophageal fundoplication carries a high risk of treacherous technical complications such as spontaneous gastric perforation. METHODS: An intrathoracic fundoplication was performed on 84 patients suffering from gastroesophageal reflux disease with the junction between upper gastric folds and the unwrinkled esophageal mucosa remaining above the diaphragm while the esophageal ...
Sauper Tonja - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The purpose of our study was to assess anal function in professional mountain bikers, as an increasing number of cycling enthusiasts report functional and morphological problems in the anal region. We tried to find out if constant saddle vibration suffered by professional cyclists could lead to defecation disorders. METHODS: ...
Clarke J O - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Implantable microstimulators (IMS) have been used in a variety of medical conditions. Selective stimulation to increase lower esophageal sphincter (LES) pressure may be useful in the control of gastroesophageal reflux disease. We evaluated on-demand stimulation of the LES with an endoscopically implanted microstimulator. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Pandolfino J E - - 2007
The aim of this study was to determine whether attachment of the Bravo pH monitoring capsule alters esophageal motility. Twenty normal subjects were studied with 36-channel high-resolution manometry before and after Bravo capsule placement. Subjects performed 10 5-mL water-swallows in both upright and supine positions and two 5-mL barium-swallows under ...
Zbar A P - - 2007
The assessment of parameters which adequately represent rectal and neorectal compliance is complex. Biological properties of the rectum during distension and relaxation show significant departures from in vitro physical compliance measurements; as much dependent upon the viscoelastic charateristics of hollow organ deformation as upon the technique of compliance calculation. This ...
Foster Erina - - 2007
Post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) is a potential complication of ERCP. Pharmacotherapy for prevention of PEP aims at reducing basal sphincter pressure and contractility or a decrease in pancreatic secretion to reduce intraductal pressure. Timing and route of administration of drugs are critical to ensure maximum benefits from medications. Pancreatic stenting offers ...
Thomson Andrew - - 2007
Effective antihypertensive therapy reduces the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease and death. Perindopril, a long-acting angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, is an established antihypertensive agent administered as a once-daily tablet. To review recent evidence for the use of perindopril in the treatment of hypertension. Evidence shows that perindopril alone or ...
Zhang Wen-Qiang WQ Institute of Medical Precise Instrumentation, Shanghai Jiaotong University, No. 800, Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240, China. - - 2006
To study the prolonged colonic motility under normal conditions with a novel capsule-style micro-system and to assess its clinical significance. A single use telemetry capsule (10 mm in diameter, 20 mm in length) embedded with a pressure sensor was ingested by the subjects. The sensor is capable of transmitting colonic ...
Shafik Ahmed - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The current view holds that gastric emptying is effected by the force of the antral peristaltic wave squeezing food particles through pyloric sphincter resistance. Whether this is accomplished by a reflex action was investigated. MATERIAL/METHODS: The study comprised 12 healthy volunteers (age: 42.2+/-10.6 years). A balloon-tipped and a manometric ...
Zhang W Q - - 2007
Colonic motility disorders are common conditions. However, our understanding of normal and pathological motor functions of the colon remains limited, mainly due to the technical difficulties in accessing this organ for study. To investigate colonic motility under normal physiological conditions, we have developed a novel monitoring system based on a ...
Leonard Rebecca - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The gold standard objective measure of pharyngeal strength is pharyngeal manometry. We have developed an objective fluoroscopic measure of pharyngeal strength, the pharyngeal constriction ratio (PCR). A high PCR indicates poor pharyngeal constriction. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the correlation between the PCR and peak ...
Dobben Annette C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Anal inspection and digital rectal examination are routinely performed in fecal incontinent patients but it is not clear to what extent they contribute to the diagnostic work-up. We examined if and how findings of anal inspection and rectal examination are associated with anorectal function tests and endoanal ultrasonography. METHODS: ...
Schrag Hans-J - - 2006
An artificial sphincter prototype has been developed, specifically designed for comfortable remote control by fecally incontinent patients. The artificial sphincter includes a fluid reservoir, an occlusive cuff, and a micropump based on piezo-technology in a single unit. Continence and implantation management were evaluated around isolated porcine anal canals and in ...
Montazeri Ghodrat - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Subjective assessment of primary achalasia is not accurate. We aimed to study the utility of surface area of barium retention in the objective assessment of these patients. METHODS: Subjective and objective esophageal functions of 99 patients with primary achalasia were evaluated initially and 43 of them were reevaluated 1 ...
O'Rourke Robert W - - 2006
This work establishes an animal model for nonadjustable gastric banding and characterizes the effect of gastric banding on esophageal physiology. Obstruction at the esophagogastric junction (EGJ) results in esophageal dilation and aperistalsis. Although laparoscopic gastric banding as a primary treatment of morbid obesity has been widely accepted, the effects of ...
Steele Catriona M - - 2007
This study explored the influence of two methods of effortful swallow execution on the timing of pharyngeal pressure events. Participants were asked to either emphasize or minimize tongue-to-palate contact during performance of the maneuver. Twenty healthy participants were evaluated using concurrent submental surface electromyography (sEMG), orolingual manometry, and pharyngeal manometry. ...
Padda Bikram S - - 2007
The role of pelvic floor muscle contraction in the genesis of anal canal pressure is not clear. Recent studies have suggested that vaginal distension increases pelvic floor muscle contraction. We studied the effects of vaginal distension on anal canal pressure in 15 nullipara asymptomatic women. Anal pressure, rest, and squeeze ...
Nguyen Nam Q - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Esophageal wave amplitude is an important determinant of esophageal clearance. A threshold of 30 mmHg is widely accepted as the threshold for effective clearance in the distal esophagus. However, the precise relationship between wave amplitude and clearance has received relatively little attention. The aim of this study was to ...
Fox M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Tegaserod is a partial 5-hydroxytryptamine 4 receptor agonist with prokinetic effects on the gastrointestinal tract, its effects on oesophageal function are unknown. AIM: A randomized, placebo controlled, double-blind trial assessed the effect of tegaserod on the oesophagus in healthy, asymptomatic subjects. METHOD: A 7-day course of tegaserod 6 mg ...
Pandolfino John E - - 2006
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The aim of this study was to perform a detailed analysis of the mechanics leading to esophagogastric junction (EGJ) opening during transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxations (tLESRs) using high-resolution manometry coupled with simultaneous fluoroscopy. METHODS: Six subjects without hiatus hernia had endoclips placed at the squamocolumnar junction ...
Chrysos E - - 2006
In hypoxic stop-flow chemoperfusion high doses of chemotherapeutic agents are almost directly administered to locally advanced tumors without risking significant systemic toxicity, although chemotherapy-induced neurotoxicity is still a problem. The aim of the study was to assess rectoanal motility and sensation before, during and after abdominal and pelvic stop-flow chemotherapy ...
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