Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2402
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Kroh M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The optimal management of Barrett's esophagus, a precursor to esophageal adenocarcinoma, remains controversial. Current therapy includes surveillance and ablative or resection techniques of varying safety and efficacy. This study aimed to determine the feasibility of a new catheter-based, endoscopic water jet ablation technique. METHODS: A high-pressure flexible catheter that ...
Pensabene Licia - - 2008
Patterns of childhood gastroesophageal reflux (GER) have been studied extensively; however, the mechanisms underlying its occurrence in neurologically impaired children (NIC) are poorly understood. Concurrent esophageal manometry and pH monitoring was conducted in 10 un-operated children (7 male; mean age: 59.5 months) with sequelae birth asphyxia and esophagitis. Reflux episodes ...
Agrawal Amit - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Achalasia is defined manometrically by an aperistaltic esophagus. Variations in the manometric findings occur in achalasia suggesting that all manometric features should not be required to diagnose achalasia. Combined multichannel intraluminal impedance and esophageal manometry (MII-EM) allows both a functional and a manometric evaluation of esophageal motility and identifies ...
Kouklakis G - - 2008
There are several studies suggesting the paradoxical simultaneous presence of hypertensive lower oesophageal sphincter and gastroesophageal reflux disease. We present a case of a 22-year-old male patient who was examined in our outpatient clinic with oesophageal food bolus impaction during a meal, severe chest pain and drooling. Manometry revealed a ...
Zhang Xiao-Yong - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The mechanisms that trigger gallbladder evacuation dysfunction, the key risk factor for gallstone formation, have not yet been fully elucidated. The sphincter of Oddi (SO) plays important roles in the regulation of gallbladder evacuation and maintenance of normal hydraulic pressure of the biliary tract. The aim of ...
Dolan James P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We sought to investigate the efficacy of endoscopically created, full-thickness plications on the competency of the anti-reflux barrier when placed at different positions on the stomach adjacent to the gastroesophageal junction. METHODS: Explanted human cadaver stomachs and esophagi were used. An endoscopic plication system (Plicator, NDO Surgical, Mansfield, Massachusetts) ...
Young Richard L - - 2008
Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR) are classified into groups I (excitatory), II and III (inhibitory) mGluR. Activation of peripheral group III mGluR (mGluR4, mGluR6, mGluR7, mGluR8), particularly mGluR8, inhibits vagal afferent mechanosensitivity in vitro which translates into reduced triggering of transient lower oesophageal sphincter relaxations and gastroesophageal reflux in vivo. However, ...
Lacy Brian E - - 2008
PURPOSE: Albuterol reduces lower esophageal sphincter (LES) pressure in normal volunteers, although the effects of albuterol on esophageal function in asthmatic patients are not known. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of nebulized albuterol on lower esophageal function in asthmatic patients. Symptoms and a methacholine challenge ...
Gumbley Freya - - 2008
This cross-sectional study investigated the effect of bolus volume on contact pressure within the pharynx and upper esophageal sphincter (UES). Three solid-state manometric pressure sensors were placed transnasally into the pharynx and the proximal esophagus of 40 participants (gender equally represented and between the ages of 20 and 45 years). ...
Ganz Robert A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The success of fundoplication surgery varies widely; furthermore, complications after fundoplication can be common. We introduced a new device to treat GERD: biomechanical augmentation of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) by use of a magnetic reinforcing appliance. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to determine whether a magnetic appliance could safely ...
Perera Lilani L Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Froedtert Hospital/Medical College of Wisconsin Dysphagia Institute, 9200 W Wisconsin Ave., Milwaukee, WI 53226, - - 2008
The mechanism against entry of gastric content into the pharynx during high-intensity vocalization such as seen among professional singers is not known. We hypothesized that phonation-induced upper esophageal sphincter (UES) contraction enhances the pressure barrier against entry of gastroesophageal contents into pharynx. To determine and compare the effect of phonation ...
Ang D - - 2009
Ghrelin increases gastric tone in the fasting state and enhances gastric emptying in gastroparesis. The aims of the study were to evaluate the effect of ghrelin on postprandial gastric tone and on meal-induced satiety in health. Ten healthy volunteers underwent a barostat study on two occasions. After determination of intra-abdominal ...
Bortolotti Mauro - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In this research we propose an original magnetic device to strengthen the hypo-atonic anal sphincter and prevent fecal incontinence. METHODS: The device consists in a couple of small magnetic plaques to be surgically inserted in the wall of the anal canal between the external and internal anal ...
Bai Ming-Dong - - 2008
AIM: To assess the patency of pancreaticoenterostomy and pancreatic exocrine function after three surgical methods. METHODS: A pig model of pancreatic ductal dilation was made by ligating the main pancreatic duct. After 4 wk ligation, a total of 36 piglets were divided randomly into four groups. The piglets in the ...
Dinning P G - - 2008
Abnormal colonic motor patterns have been implicated in the pathogenesis of severe constipation. Yet in health, the mechanical link between movement of colonic content and regional pressures have only been partially defined. This is largely due to current methodological limitations. Utilizing a combination of simultaneous colonic manometry, high-resolution scintigraphy and ...
Mehl Josimeire Batista - - 2008
Anal incontinence causes psychological, social and adaptive troubles prejudicial to the quality of life both in children and adults. Therefore, the detailed knowledge of its causes and the improvement of diagnostic and therapeutic methods increase the possibilities of a more adequate social life to patients with congenital anomalies or sphincteric ...
Mehl J B - - 2008
There seems to be controversy on the anorectal sphincter presentation and anatomical division, as well as on its functional representation. Evaluation of the anorectal sphincter musculature has been achieved through several methods, including anorectal manometry and computerized tomography, but to date there is no experimental model allowing a detailed manometric ...
Henry Maria Aparecida Coelho de Arruda - - 2008
The ingestion of caustic substances is an important emergency situation, because of its serious consequences. PURPOSE: To study morphological and functional alterations of the esophagus in rabbits submitted to esophageal infusion of caustic soda (NaOH). METHODS: The 88 rabbits studied were divided into 4 groups: G1 (n=22) were submitted to ...
Marcovechio Fonseca C A - - 2008
There is controversy in the literature regarding the motor function behavior of the lower esophageal sphincter and esophagus following partial gastrectomy. We studied 26 patients with gastric adenocarcinoma of the distal corpus and/or antrum who underwent radical subtotal gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction. There were 15 women (57.69%) and 11 men ...
Blonski Wojciech - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Esophageal function testing with combined multichannel intraluminal impedance and manometry (MII-EM) is performed using ten 5-ml liquid and viscous swallows. Diagnosis of bolus transit abnormalities identified by impedance is based on both liquid and viscous swallows. Manometric diagnosis is based solely on liquid swallows. The aim of this study ...
Kawamoto Masahiko - - 2008
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Perfused multilumen sphincter of Oddi (SO) manometry is accepted as the gold standard for diagnosis of SO dysfunction. However, this technique is associated with a relatively high incidence of post-procedure acute pancreatitis. In addition, triple-lumen manometry recordings may be difficult to interpret, as movement may produce artifacts. We have ...
Murray Liam J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In a cross-sectional community based study, as part of a randomised controlled trial of eradication of Helicobacter pylori infection, the association between blood pressure and symptoms of gastro-oesophageal reflux was examined. METHODS: Linear regression was used to examine the association between systolic and diastolic blood pressure and the frequency ...
Shuai X - - 2008
We aim to investigate the effects of different electroacupuncture (EA) frequencies at ST-36 on esophageal motility, and to compare the effect of EA on serum gastrin (GAS), motilin (MTL), and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP). Thirty-two cats were divided into four equal groups. All animals underwent a Heller myotomy. After esophagitis ...
Nii Akira - - 2008
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The efficacies of vessel sealing system (VSS) devices for major Glisson bundles and major bile ducts have not yet been determined. METHODS: Male pigs (n = 6) and a LigaSure V device and an Atlas 20 (Valleylab, Boulder, CO, USA) device were used in this study. After laparotomy, the ...
Spaziani R - - 2008
Autonomic nervous system dysfunction has been implicated in the pathophysiology of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). This study characterized the autonomic response to rectal distension in IBS using baroreceptor sensitivity (BRS), a measure of autonomic function. Rectal bag pressure, discomfort, pain, ECG, blood pressure and BRS were continuously measured before, during ...
Choung R S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: DDP733, a selective partial 5HT(3) receptor agonist, increases lower oesophageal sphincter pressure in experimental animal models. However, its effect on gastro-oesophageal reflux or lower oesophageal sphincter pressure in humans remains unknown. AIM: To evaluate the effect of DDP733 on reflux episodes in healthy volunteers receiving a refluxogenic meal. METHODS: ...
Chapman M J - - 2008
The motor dysfunctions underlying delayed gastric emptying (GE) in critical illness are poorly defined. Our aim was to characterize the relationship between antro-duodenal (AD) motility and GE in critically ill patients. AD pressures were recorded in 15 mechanically ventilated patients and 10 healthy volunteers for 2 h (i) during fasting, ...
Takeuchi Shuhei - - 2007
A micro optic pharyngeal manometric sensor for deglutition analysis was constructed. The optical manometric sensor was composed of a fluid-sensitive and air-sensitive fiber-optic pressure sensor (extrinsic Fabry-Perot interferometric type) and a lateral pressure-sensitive attachment. The manometric sensor was circumferential type, and had a very small diameter (distal: 2.08 mm, mesial: ...
Cantù P - - 2008
Few data exist on the effect of upper gut stimuli on the cardiovascular system. Aim of our study was to evaluate the cardiovascular effects of gastric intubation and distension. Eleven healthy subjects (eight men, aged 21-30 years) were studied and a non-invasive beat-to-beat cardiovascular monitoring system was used. After 15-min ...
Andersen Inge S - - 2007
PURPOSE: Manometry and pressure-volume measurements are commonly used to study anorectal physiology. However, the methods are limited by several sources of error. Recently, a new impedance planimetric system has been introduced in a porcine model. It allows simultaneous determination of anorectal pressures and multiple rectal luminal cross-sectional areas. This study ...
Chuah Seng-Kee - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM: There are limited reports on esophageal motility pressures in aged patients with achalasia and these are inconclusive. The aim of the present retrospective study was to understand the changes of esophageal motility in aged achalasia patients among the Taiwan population. METHODS: Manometric studies of 49 patients with ...
Niedringhaus Mark - - 2008
The sphincter mechanism at the esophagogastric junction includes smooth muscle of the lower esophagus and skeletal muscle of the crural diaphragm (CD). Smooth muscle is known to be under the control of the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMV), while central nervous system (CNS) control of the CD is ...
van den Berg M M - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: A subgroup of children with functional constipation (FC) are unresponsive to conventional treatment. Abnormal rectal function due to increased distensibility (compliance) might be an underlying mechanism of therapy-resistant FC. It is hypothesised that rectal compliance is normal in patients who are successfully recovered from FC (RC). METHODS: Using a ...
Titi M A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Female faecal incontinence (FI) is largely because of sphincter injury at childbirth. Sphincter assessment aims to identify surgically correctable defects. We aimed to identify endoanal ultrasonography (EAUS) parameters that correlate with sphincter function. METHOD: One hundred females with FI and 28 healthy asymptomatic females were prospectively assessed. Wexner FI ...
Shafik Ahmed - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The effect of ileal distension on the jejunal motor activity and ofjejunal distension on the ileal motility have been poorly addressed in the literature. We investigated the hypothesis that distension of either ileum or jejunum would affect the motile activity of the other. METHODOLOGY: Response of jejunal pressure to ...
Shafik Ahmed - - 2007
BACKGROUND: How afferent activity in the gut achieves the required ingestion control has not been established. The authors hypothesized that gastric overdistension effects an increase in pharyngo-esophageal and lower esophageal sphincter activity aimed at inhibiting ingestion. MATERIAL/METHODS: The study comprised 16 mongrel dogs. Under anesthesia, one balloon-tipped catheter was placed ...
Hosseini Seyed Vahid - - 2007
Anal canal dilatation and sphincterotomy have been recommended besides hemorrhoidectomy to overcome the anal pressures in the management of hemorrhoids. The aim of this study to compare internal sphincterotomy and hemorrhoidectomy with hemorrhoidectomy alone with respect to manometric and clinical measures. One hundred twenty patients with hemorrhoids were randomly assigned ...
Pandolfino John E - - 2008
AIM: This study aimed to devise a scheme for the systematic analysis of esophageal high-resolution manometry (HRM) studies displayed using topographic plotting. METHODS: A total of 400 patients and 75 control subjects were studied with a 36-channel HRM assembly. Studies were analyzed in a stepwise fashion for: (a) the adequacy ...
Fox M R - - 2008
Manometry measures pressure within the oesophageal lumen and sphincters, and provides an assessment of the neuromuscular activity that dictates function in health and disease. It is performed to investigate the cause of functional dysphagia, unexplained "non-cardiac" chest pain, and in the pre-operative work-up of patients referred for anti-reflux surgery. Manometric ...
Ghosh Sudip K - - 2007
Successful esophageal emptying depends on the generation of a sustained intrabolus pressure (IBP) sufficient to overcome esophagogastric junction (EGJ) obstruction. Our aim was to develop a manometric analysis paradigm that describes the bolus driving pressure difference and the flow permissive time for esophageal bolus transit. Twenty normal subjects were studied ...
Emblem Ragnhild - - 2007
AIM: This study aimed to develop and evaluate a scoring system for anal endosonography to assess anal canal structures after repair of anorectal malformations (ARM). METHODS: Forty patients with ARM aged 16 years (range, 1-22 years) and 20 controls aged 17 years (range, 0.5-20 years) were examined. Anal function was ...
Miller Larry - - 2007
The use of high-frequency ultrasound transducers combined with manometry in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract has yielded important findings concerning the anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology of the high-pressure zone of the gastroesophageal junction and the sphincteric muscles within. These transducers have made previously invisible portions of the GI tract accessible to ...
de Godoy Márcio A F - - 2007
The role of phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) in the genesis of basal tone in the internal anal sphincter (IAS) is not known. We determined the effects of PLA(2) and inhibitors on the basal tone and intraluminal pressures (IASP) in the rat IAS vs. rectal smooth muscles (RSM). In addition, we determined ...
Pandolfino John E - - 2007
AIM: This study aimed to localize the gastric-to-esophageal pH transition point relative to the squamocolumnar junction (SCJ) and esophagogastric junction (EGJ) high-pressure zone in controls and GERD patients. METHODS: Ten controls and 10 GERD patients were studied. Subjects had an endoclip placed at the SCJ prior to a pH catheter ...
Shafik Ahmed - - 2007
AIM: To investigate the hypothesis that duodeno-jejunal dyssynergia existed at the duodeno-jejunal junction. METHODS: Of 112 patients who complained of epigastric distension and discomfort after meals, we encountered nine patients in whom the duodeno-jejunal junction did not open on duodenal contraction. Seven healthy volunteers were included in the study. A ...
Lundin E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Colectomy with ileorectal anastomosis for slow transit constipation (STC) is being challenged by other operations, such as segmental resections. The importance of preoperative anorectal physiology testing may therefore be increased. The aim of this study was to identify anorectal abnormalities in patients with STC, which may influence the surgical ...
Jenkins J T - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The pathogenesis of chronic anal fissure (CAF) remains incompletely understood but most are associated with a high resting anal pressure and reduced perfusion at the fissure site. To date, no major distinction has been made between anterior and posterior anal fissures and their aetiology and treatment. We compared anterior ...
Chen Chien-Lin - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Combined multichannel intraluminal impedance and manometry (MII-EM) allow simultaneous measurement of both pressure and bolus transit. The aim of this study was to establish normative data in Chinese subjects for combined MII-EM and to correlate liquid and viscous bolus transit by impedance with esophageal contractions by manometry. METHODS: Eighteen ...
Varadarajulu Shyam - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Performance of sphincter of Oddi manometry (SOM) at endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatogram (ERCP) is technically demanding and requires that the patient be well sedated. Droperidol is used as an adjunctive agent in patients who are difficult to sedate. Concerns regarding the safety profile of droperidol and its effects ...
Storkholm Jan Henrik - - 2008
Partial obstruction of the small intestine results in dysmotility and morphometric changes proximal to the site of obstruction. However, our understanding of the relation between the morphometric remodeling and change in the motility pattern during chronic obstruction is sparse. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ...
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