Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2370
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Tokashiki Ryoji - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to determine whether acid perfusion into the distal esophagus causes a globus sensation and an increase in upper esophageal sphincter (UES) pressure. UES pressures were measured using a sleeve-type sensor in 20 healthy volunteers. A 0.1-N HCl solution, the same as gastric acid, ...
Leonard Rebecca - - 2011
The pharyngeal constriction ratio (PCR), derived directly from videofluoroscopy without the need for manometry, requires validation as a surrogate for pharyngeal strength. A correlation of -0.70 was previously identified between PCR and pharyngeal clearing pressures (PP) on separate fluoroscopic and manometric studies. As PP increases, PCR decreases. The objective of ...
Müller Bert - - 2009
Sphincters to guarantee continence are in principal the simplest muscles, because only two states (closed and open) seem to be important. The healthy urinary sphincter, however, provides dynamic components. During the filling phase the increase in tonus prevents urinary loss. The sphincter rapidly responds to pressure pulses caused, for example, ...
Perring S - - 2009
We have implemented the technique of rolling correlation coefficient as proposed by Buttfield and Bolton (2005 Real time measurement of RR intervals using a digital signal processor J. Med. Eng. Technol. 29 8-13) for ECG R-wave detection in the detection and timing of oesophageal peristalsis. 43 sequential patients attending for ...
Yasaka Shigeaki - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To investigate the utility of a new method of carrying out esophageal manometry using a narrow gauge manometry catheter via a transnasal endoscope. METHODS: The Frequency Scale for the Symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) (FSSG), a GERD-specific questionnaire, was given to 45 subjects. Subjects underwent transnasal ...
Toouli James - - 2009
The most common functional disorder of the biliary tract and pancreas relates to the activity of the Sphincter of Oddi. The Sphincter of Oddi is a small smooth muscle sphincter strategically placed at the junction of the bile duct, pancreatic duct, and duodenum. The sphincter controls flow of bile and ...
Hasler William L - - 2009
Relationships of regional colonic motility to transit in health, constipation, and constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (C-IBS) are poorly characterized. This study aimed to 1) characterize regional differences in colon pressure, 2) relate motor differences in constipation to colon transit, and 3) quantify the role of IBS in altered contractility with ...
Malinowska-Pańczyk Edyta - - 2009
The aim of this work was to examine the inactivation of some Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria exposed to the pressure of 193 MPa at -20 °C in the presence of lysozyme or nisin at concentration of 400 µg/ml. The highest effect of pressure at subzero temperature and lysozyme was found ...
Ayazi Shahin - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: High-resolution manometry (HRM) is faster and easier to perform than conventional water perfused manometry. There is general acceptance of its usefulness in evaluating upper esophageal sphincter and esophageal body. There has been less emphasis on the use of HRM to evaluate the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) resting pressure and ...
Kwiatek Monika A - - 2009
This study assessed the effects of meal volume (MV) and calorie load (CL) on gastric function. MRI and a minimally invasive fiber-optic recording system (FORS) provided simultaneous measurement of gastric volume and pressure changes during gastric filling and emptying of a liquid nutrient meal in physiological conditions. The gastric response ...
Martins Elaine Cristina Soares - - 2009
To evaluate fecal continence, anorectal manometry (AM) and profilometry (P), in patients operated for congenital megacolon, using either the modified Duhamel technique (MDT) or the modified transanal rectosigmoidectomy (MTR) technique. 42 patients were evaluated clinically and via AM and P, for postoperative control. The resting, coughing, voluntary contraction, maintained voluntary ...
Hejazi Reza A - - 2010
Esophageal manometry (EM) findings were reviewed in 14 (13 male) adults diagnosed with eosinophilic esophagitis (EE). One had complete nonperistaltic contractions (amplitude range = 30-180 mmHg) and incomplete relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), suggesting vigorous achalasia. After 6 months of steroid therapy the repeat EM showed near-normal findings. ...
Nguyen N Q - - 2010
This study aimed to assess the relationship between nadir lower oesophageal sphincter pressure (LOSP) and wave amplitude (WA) in oesophageal bolus clearance. Concurrent oesophageal manometry and impedance were performed in 146 subjects [41 healthy, 24 non-obstructive dysphagia (NOD) and 81 gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR)]. Patients with achalasia and diffuse oesophageal spasm ...
Jee Sam-Ryong - - 2009
BACKGROUND: High-resolution manometry (HRM) makes it possible to better evaluate spatial and temporal characteristics of esophageal motor function. This technology is revealing new observations regarding disordered motor function in esophageal diseases. GOAL: The aim of this study was to define the essential features of achalasia using HRM. STUDY: We performed ...
Pandolfino John E - - 2010
Our aim was to assess pressure dynamics within the esophagogastric junction (EGJ) in sliding hiatus hernia (HH) during normal peristalsis and to compare the pressure profiles of HH patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms (HH-GERD) to HH patients with dysphagia (HH-dysphagia). High-resolution manometry studies in 230 consecutive patients and ...
Hosker Gordon - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The diagnosis of intrinsic sphincter deficiency became important about 20 years ago when it influenced the choice of operative procedure for women with stress urinary incontinence. However, it was ill-defined and diagnosed by a variety of techniques. The contemporary surgical treatment of urinary stress incontinence is by ...
Zutshi Massarat - - 2009
PURPOSE: Our objective was to define anal resting pressure and electromyography of the normal rat anal sphincter and investigate the short-term effects of both mechanical trauma to the anal sphincter muscles and pudendal nerve transection. METHODS: Forty-five virgin female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly allotted to three groups: controls (n = ...
Kwiatek M A - - 2009
In conducting clinical high-resolution oesophageal pressure topography (HROPT) studies we observed that after subjects sat upright between series of supine and upright test swallows, they frequently had a transient lower oesophageal sphincter relaxation (TLOSR). When achalasia patients were studied in the same protocol, they exhibited a similar HROPT event leading ...
Oliveira Lucia C C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate manometric parameters that may explain improvement in anal incontinence using a silicone bulking agent. METHODS: Incontinent patients having internal sphincter defects were prospectively selected and injected with a silicone bulking agent. Manometry and endoanal ultrasound were performed before and 3 months after injections. Twenty ...
Liu Tso-Tsai - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine whether conscious sedation by propofol could affect anorectal manometry. METHODS: Eighteen healthy subjects underwent anorectal manometry at baseline and during conscious sedation by propofol. Sedation levels were monitored by auditory-evoked potentials. RESULTS: All subjects showed a normal rectoanal inhibitory reflex (RAIR) before conscious sedation. During ...
Fornari F - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We tested whether gastro-oesophageal pressure gradient is augmented in sliding hiatal hernia and the yield of oesophageal manometry in diagnosing sliding hiatal hernia. METHODS: Patients with equivalent body mass index were categorised according to manometry and endoscopy in groups: (1) no sliding hiatal hernia (n=147); (2) sliding hiatal hernia ...
Anagnostou Tilemahos L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential effect of increased blood progesterone (P(4)) and oestradiol-17beta (E(2)) concentrations on the barrier pressure (BrP) and the incidence of gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) in female dogs under general anaesthesia. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, blinded experimental trial. ANIMALS: Seven female, adult, healthy dogs weighing 14-21 kg and aged ...
Burton Paul R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric bands (LAGB) are a safe and effective treatment for obesity. Conflicting data exist concerning their effect on the esophagus, gastroesophageal junction, and mechanism of action. These patients will increasingly require accurate assessment of their esophageal function. METHODS: Twenty LAGB patients underwent high-resolution video manometry with the ...
Pandolfino J E - - 2009
High-resolution manometry capable of pressure monitoring from the pharynx to the stomach together with pressure topography plotting represents an unquestionable evolution in oesophageal manometry. However, with this advanced technology come challenges and one of those is devising the optimal scheme to apply high-resolution oesophageal pressure topography (HROPT) to the clinical ...
Draganov Peter V - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Sphincter of Oddi manometry is the reference standard for the diagnosis of sphincter of Oddi dysfunction. Numerous studies have established ranges of normal values as well as typical readings in pathologic conditions. All these studies have been done using a water-perfused, triple-lumen catheter (TLC). A recently approved, new generation, ...
Cattle K R - - 2010
Anal manometry is an established assessment tool for patients with faecal incontinence. Fatigue rate index (FRI) has been shown to discriminate between symptomatic patients and controls. The aim of this study was to compare manometry and fatigability of the anal canal in nulliparous women before and after childbirth. An air-filled ...
Fitzgerald J Edward F - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Variously described as Courvoisier's law, sign, or even gallbladder, this eponymous "law" has been taught to medical students since the publication of Courvoisier's treatise in 1890. METHODS: We reviewed Courvoisier's original "law," the modern misconceptions surrounding it, and the contemporary evidence supporting and explaining his observations. RESULTS: Courvoisier never ...
Blonski Wojciech - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There is limited information on medications with promotility effects on the esophagus. Studies in healthy volunteers have shown the potential role of the direct cholinergic agonist bethanechol and the serotonin receptor agonist buspirone in improving esophageal motility. It has been also shown that an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, the short-acting drug ...
- - 2010
Anorectal manometry provides an objective assessment of anal sphincter pressure and rectal sensitivity and anorectal reflexes in response to distension. However, its clinical utility is hampered by a lack of standardized protocols and normative data from healthy subjects. Previous studies have used water-perfused systems in normal subjects, but some adopted ...
Rink A D - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Restorative proctectomy with straight coloanal anastomosis (CAA) and restorative proctocolectomy with ilealpouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) are options for maintaining bowel integrity after rectal resection. The aim of this study was to compare clinical function and anorectal physiology in patients treated with CAA and IPAA. METHOD: Three-dimensional vector-manometry and neorectal volumetry ...
Kwiatek Monika A - - 2009
Although globus sensation is a common symptom, its pathogenesis is poorly defined. The aim of this study was to quantify the timing and magnitude of respiratory variation in upper esophageal sphincter (UES) pressure with high-resolution manometry (HRM) in patients with globus sensation, normal controls, and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) patients ...
Frankhuisen Rutger - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Increased pressure gradients across the esophagogastric junction (DeltaEGJp) play a role in gastroesophageal flow during TLESR. The aim of this study was to further explore DeltaEGJp in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and controls. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty GERD patients were studied along with 20 control subjects. High ...
Morgenstern C - - 2009
The differentiation between obstructive and central respiratory events is one of the most recurrent tasks in the diagnosis of sleep disordered breathing. Esophageal pressure measurement is the gold-standard method to assess respiratory effort and identify these events. But as its invasiveness discourages its use in clinical routine, non-invasisve systems have ...
Butler Susan G - - 2009
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of trial (i.e., Trial 1 vs. Trial 2); viscosity (i.e., saliva, thin, nectar-thick, honey-thick, and pudding-thick water); volume (i.e., 5 mL vs. 10 mL); age (i.e., young vs. older adults); and gender on pharyngeal (i.e., upper and lower) and ...
Vassiliou Melina C - - 2008
Functional disorders of the biliary tract include gallbladder dyskinesia (GBD) and sphincter of Oddi dysfunction (SOD). The diagnosis of GBD is made if the gallbladder ejection fraction is less than 35% to 40% using cholecystokinin cholescintigraphy. Despite slightly inferior outcomes compared with calculous disease, patients who have GBD should be ...
Camilleri M - - 2008
Tests of gastric, small intestinal and colonic motor function provide relevant physiological information and are useful for diagnosing and guiding the management of dysmotilities. Intraluminal pressure measurements may include concurrent measurements of transit or intraluminal pH. A consensus statement was developed and based on reports in the literature, experience of ...
Wachowiak Robin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Cardia yield pressure (CYP) has been described as a measure of the combined effect of all antireflux mechanisms and not simply as another test of lower esophageal sphincter pressure. In this paper, we present a simple technique for the measurement of CYP before and after fundoplication through laparoscopic gastrostomy ...
Marszałek Sławomir - - 2009
In patients after total laryngectomy, increased tension in myofascial neck and arm areas might be observed. Via fascial continuity it has an adverse impact on the superior esophageal constrictor forming the "mouth of the oesophagus", which hinders learning of esophageal speech. The aim is to assess the effect of manual ...
Seth Henrik - - 2009
We have previously shown in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) that gastric distension induces an instantaneous alpha-adrenoceptor-mediated increase in the dorsal aortic blood pressure (P(da)), with no change in cardiac output (CO), gut blood flow (Q(cma)), or heart rate. To investigate if feeding habits affect these patterns and to compare the ...
Pauloski Barbara Roa - - 2009
Pharyngeal manometry complements the modified barium swallow with videofluoroscopy (VFS) in diagnosing pressure-related causes of dysphagia. When manometric analysis is not feasible, it would be ideal if pressure information about the swallow could be inferred accurately from the VFS evaluation. Swallowing function was examined using VFS and concurrent manometry in ...
Kong Jing - - 2008
AIM: To assess the effects of H(2)-receptor blocking pharmacon, protease inhibitor, and gastro kinetic agents on the human Sphincter of Oddi (SO) motility by choledochoscope manometry. METHODS: One hundred and seventy-five patients with T tube installed after cholecystectomy and choledochotomy were assessed by choledochoscope manometry. They were randomly assigned into ...
Allan W - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Patients who have undergone tracheoesophageal puncture for surgical voice restoration often use unnaturally high oesophageal air pressures during speech. This study examined the effect of high oesophageal air pressure on oesophageal body motility, lower oesophageal sphincter function and dyspeptic symptoms. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using several investigative tests of oesophageal ...
Doeltgen Sebastian H - - 2009
Based on visual inspection, prior research documented increased movement of the posterior pharyngeal wall in healthy volunteers during tongue-hold swallows. This manometric study investigated the immediate effects of the tongue-hold maneuver on pharyngeal peak pressure generation, duration of pressure generation, and pressure slope measurements in healthy volunteers. Pharyngeal pressures from ...
Takasaki Kenji - - 2008
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: This study aimed to demonstrate the feasibility of a novel high-resolution manometry system, and to establish normal values of swallowing pressures along the velopharynx and upper esophagus. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. METHODS: Thirty-three asymptomatic adult Japanese controls were studied. A solid-state high-resolution manometry assembly with 36 circumferential sensors spaced ...
Iqbal Atif - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In patients undergoing a variety of procedures, surgical success is in part dependent on maintaining normal intra-abdominal pressure in the immediate postoperative period. Our objective was to quantify intragastric and intravesicular pressures during activities, through the use of manometry catheters. METHODS: Ten healthy volunteers had a manometry catheter placed ...
Marques Geraldo Magela Nogueira - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Two anorectal manometry techniques have commonly been utilized: the perfusion technique and the balloon technique. PURPOSE: To compare both techniques in children with intestinal constipation who had not undergone surgical treatment for its correction. METHODS: Thirty-nine children aged between four and fourteen years underwent anorectal manometry using both techniques ...
Yilmaz Ercan - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare anal sphincter function following spontaneous vaginal delivery and cesarean delivery, and assess the association of perineal length and sphincter injury with each delivery mode. METHOD: Perineal length was measured and anal manometric measurements were performed in 120 primigravidas before and after delivery. RESULTS: Mean values for maximum ...
Ghosh Sudip K - - 2008
The mechanical force relationships that distinguish normal from chronic reflux at sphincter opening are poorly understood and difficult to measure in vivo. Our aim was to apply physics-based computer simulations to determine mechanical pathogenesis of gastroesophageal reflux. A mathematical model of the gastroesophageal segment (GES) was developed, incorporating the primary ...
Chen Jie - - 2008
Rectal distension (RD) is known to induce upper gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects and underlying mechanisms of RD on gastric slow waves (GSW) and motor activity and furthermore to investigate the effects and mechanisms of electroacupuncture (EA) on GSW and motor activity. ...
Pandolfino John E - - 2008
Esophageal bolus clearance requires a preferential esophagogastric pressure gradient sustained for a sufficient period. We aimed to validate a high-resolution manometry (HRM) paradigm for predicting bolus clearance. Twenty volunteers and 30 patients were studied with HRM during barium swallows with concurrent fluoroscopy. Simultaneous bolus domain pressure and esophagogastric junction (EGJ) ...
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