Search Results
Results 801 - 850 of 2393
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Stotzer P O - - 2000
According to animal experiments, postprandial gastric emptying of indigestible solids is mainly related to the antral phase III activity of the migrating motor complex. Gastric emptying of indigestible solids in humans has not been directly correlated to pressure recordings. The aim of the present study was to investigate the postprandial ...
Bhandarkar P V - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Nicotine administration is known to decrease lower oesophageal sphincter (LOS) pressure. Although a few studies have assessed the effect of tobacco on the LOS, the effect of acute and long-term oral tobacco use on oesophageal motility is not known. The study was designed to investigate the effect ...
Anvari M - - 2000
Proximal gastric vagotomy (PGV) has little impact on the normal pattern of solid gastric emptying, despite denervation of the proximal two thirds of the stomach and loss of the proximal gastric pump. In four healthy volunteers and four patients with PGV, we investigated the possible compensatory mechanisms that may come ...
Fynes M M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the role of anal vector manometry in the assessment of postpartum anal sphincter injury and to establish the most suitable method of anal vector volume analysis for identifying significant external anal sphincter (EAS) injury in an at-risk parous population. METHODS: A ...
Mwanza A M - - 2000
A method for monitoring oviductal isthmic motility in sows incorporating a computer programme (Polyview) was developed. This method was found to be reliable and easy for recording and analysing data. Isthmic motility patterns were monitored from 11 h prior to and up to 36 h after ovulation in 13 unrestrained ...
Mearin F - - 2000
We have evaluated esophageal tone in two different conditions that, in some cases, similarly impair phasic esophageal motility. Studies were performed in 14 healthy volunteers, 10 patients with total esophageal aperistalsis secondary to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and 25 untreated achalasia patients. We quantified esophageal compliance and relaxation induced by ...
Torrico S - - 2000
Upper esophageal sphincter (UES) function during gastroesophageal reflux events is not completely elucidated because previous studies addressing this issue yielded conflicting results. We reexamined the UES pressure response to intraluminal esophageal pressure and pH changes induced by reflux events. We studied 14 healthy, asymptomatic volunteers (age 49 +/- 6 yr) ...
Aymerich R R - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Data are scant on the miss rate of sphincter of Oddi dysfunction if basal pressure in both biliary and pancreatic sphincter segments is not measured during manometry. METHODS: Motility tracings with basal pressure measurements of both sphincter segments were retrospectively analyzed. Basal sphincter pressure greater than 40 mm Hg ...
McCray W H WH - - 2000
The purpose of this investigation was to separate the high pressure zone (HPZ) of the distal esophagus into its two components, the intrinsic lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and the extrinsic crural diaphragm (CD), using simultaneous esophageal manometry and high-resolution endoluminal sonography. Five normal subjects were studied during end inspiration using ...
González-Correa C A - - 2000
It has previously been shown that it is possible to differentiate between squamous and columnar epithelia in rat and resected human tissues using an impedance probe to make in vitro measurements. This probe can be passed down an endoscope allowing measurements to be made in patients. However, the probe emerges ...
del Pino Porres F J - - 2000
We present 98 patients operated on by two techniques of 360-degree fundoplication due to gastroesopagheal reflux disease and divided in two groups: Group I comprised those who were given a conventional valve 5 cm in length, and group II underwent a short fundoplication that did not surpass 1.5 cm. All ...
Mearin F - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Manometric assessment of the gastro-esophageal junction (GEJ) is deceptive in that ignores key dynamic properties of the junction, such as resistance to flow and compliance. Our aim was to investigate the mechanical properties of the GEJ comprising intraluminal pressure (measured by manometry), resistance to flow and compliance (measured by ...
Korn O - - 2000
Anatomic and clinical data suggest that the gastroesophageal junction or cardia in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease GERD) may be dilated. We hypothesized that anatomic dilatation of the cardia induces a lower esophageal sphincter dysfunction that may be corrected by narrowing the gastroesophageal junction (i.e., calibration of the cardia). We ...
Utley D S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: An endoscopic technique that eliminates gastroesophageal reflux disease would be of benefit to patients. The endoscopic delivery of radiofrequency energy to the porcine gastroesophageal junction was investigated and its effect on lower esophageal sphincter pressure, gastric yield pressure, and histology was assessed. METHODS: Twenty pigs underwent esophageal manometry and ...
Madácsy L - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: In the present study, the diagnostic efficacy of quantitative hepatobiliary scintigraphy (QHBS) was compared with that of endoscopic sphincter of Oddi (SO) manometry (ESOM) in patients with a suspected SO dysfunction (SOD) of biliary type II or III. METHODS: Twenty cholecystectomized patients with SOD biliary types II and III ...
Shafik A - - 2000
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To study the effect of rectal distension on jejunal and ileal motility aiming at the assessment of the possible role of rectal distension induced by constipation on the transport of the material in the gut. METHODOLOGY: The rectum of 16 healthy volunteers (mean age: 38.6 +/- 11.7 years, 10 ...
van Petersen A S - - 2000
During acute hyperglycaemia, gastric emptying is delayed and the compliance of the proximal stomach is increased significantly. It is not known whether the effect of hyperglycaemia on proximal gastric motor function in healthy volunteers results from endogenous hyperinsulinaemia. Therefore we studied the effects of acute hyperglycaemia and hyperinsulinaemia on proximal ...
Hasegawa H - - 2000
PURPOSE: Fecal diversion for sphincter repair is controversial. This randomized trial assessed whether fecal diversion would improve primary wound healing and functional outcome after sphincter repair. METHODS: Thirty-three patients with fecal incontinence requiring sphincter repair were recruited, but only 27 agreed to be randomly assigned to a defunctioning stoma (n ...
Castedal M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Late duodenal phase III is characterized by retroperistalsis. The physiologic function of this phenomenon is unknown. Our aim was to study the relationship between duodenal motility and the transport of duodenal contents from the biliary tract and the duodenum by using a double-isotope technique. METHODS: Manometric analysis of the ...
Thomas P D - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic biliary manometry is useful in the assessment of patients with types II and III sphincter of Oddi dysfunction, but it is time consuming and invasive. AIM: To investigate the role of (99m)Tc-DISIDA scanning, with and without morphine provocation, as a non-invasive investigation in these patients compared with endoscopic ...
Pitt J - - 2000
PURPOSE: Patients with chronic anal fissures are known to have high resting anal pressures that return to normal after successful surgical treatment. Internal anal sphincter activity is increased by sympathetic excitatory innervation via alpha adrenoceptors. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of alpha-1 adrenoceptor blockade on ...
Shafik A - - 2000
Magnetic stimulation (MS) has been used to activate the neuromuscular tissue by inducing an electric field. Based on the results of a recent study on a canine model (Eur Surg Res 1998;30:268-72), which demonstrated that sacral MS effected a rectal and vesical pressure rise and a drop of rectal neck ...
Savoye G - - 2000
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the relationship between functional clinical results after artificial bowel sphincter implantation and manometric assessment in 12 consecutive patients. METHODS: A postoperative manometric study was performed in 12 patients, including measurement of resting and squeeze pressures, opening characteristics and pressure during straining. The relationship between postoperative findings, ...
Dantas R O - - 2000
The most important component of the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) is the cricopharyngeal muscle. During the measurement of sphincter pressure the catheter passed through the sphincter affects the pressure value. In Chagas' disease and primary achalasia there is an esophageal myenteric plexus denervation which may affect UES pressure. We measured ...
Arendt T - - 2000
Reflux of biliary secretions into the pancreatic duct following gallstone obstruction of the common biliary pancreatic ampulla has been implicated as a cause of acute pancreatitis. However, the pancreatic duct pressure is higher than the biliary pressure and, therefore, the simple obstruction of the choledochoduodenal junction by one gallstone does ...
Kajimoto T - - 2000
We studied the pharmacology of the neural pathways mediating the responses of ileo- and coloileo-colonic junction (ICJ) to regional distension in ten anaesthetized pigs. Using manometric pullthroughs and a sleeve sensor, we found the ICJ demonstrated sustained tone that was resistant to tetrodotoxin. Ileal distension decreased ICJ pressure by 22.2 ...
Meyer G W - - 2000
Using a low-compliance pneumohydraulic infusion system, we mapped the entire esophagus of nine volunteers with no history of esophageal disease, centimeter by centimeter, to see if there was pressure symmetry throughout the esophagus during 5 mL wet swallows. We found that esophageal length varied from 21-25 cm. The esophageal low-pressure ...
Sun Y - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Neuromodulation may be a new therapeutic approach in inflammatory bowel disease, but very little is known about neural control of colonic secretion in vivo. We therefore determined the effects of neural blockade on colonic motor activity and mucosal secretion in anaesthetized rats. METHODS: A proximal and a distal colonic ...
Van Herwaarden M A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: ABT-229, a motilin agonist without antibacterial activity, has been shown to enhance both lower oesophageal sphincter pressure in cats and gastric emptying in humans. AIM: To investigate the effect of oral treatment with ABT-229 10 mg b.d., ABT-229 5 mg b. d. and cisapride 10 mg q.d.s. on gastro-oesophageal ...
Shafik A - - 2000
PURPOSE: To present 10 patients who complained of passage of frequent loose stools which was found to be due to sigmoid colon hyperreflexia, a condition that, to our knowledge, has not been described before. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ten patients (6 women, 4 men, mean age 46.6 years) complaining of frequent ...
Kalanovic D - - 2000
An adequate fundic wrap is fundamental to the success of conventional and laparoscopic Nissen fundoplications. Nevertheless, up to now there has been no standardized method for the surgeon to determine intraoperatively the width and tension of the fundic wrap according to objective criteria. With the support of Rüsch (Kernen, Germany), ...
Shaker R - - 2000
The upper esophageal sphincter (UES) and lower esophageal sphincter (LES) comprise the basal mechanisms against entry of gastric content into the aerodigestive tract and the airway. There are, however, other mechanisms referred to here as "response mechanisms" that become activated after certain stimulation, such as distention of the esophagus or ...
Mellander A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Motor disturbances are sometimes associated with diarrhoea by unknown mechanisms. AIM: To determine if there is a quantitative link between intestinal motility and epithelial secretion. SUBJECTS: Experiments were performed in 21 healthy volunteers and three patients with villus atrophy. METHODS: Duodenal and jejunal motor activities were registered in the ...
Clouse R E - - 2000
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Esophageal double-peaked waves occur with increased frequency in patients with functional esophageal symptoms. This study was undertaken to further understand the mechanisms responsible for their production. METHODS: Topographic methods that consider temporal and spatial relationships of pressure data were used to examine 74 double-peaked waves detected in ...
Yokoyama M - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: Describe contribution of laryngeal movement to pressure changes at the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) and the effect of aging on the swallowing function. STUDY DESIGN: Manofluorography on 56 nondysphagic adults divided into three age groups: the 21- to 31-year-old group (n = 32), the 61- to 74-year-old group (n ...
Shafik A - - 2000
We recently studied the effect of sacral magnetic stimulation (MS) on the rectal mechanical activity. The current communication investigates its effect on the rectal electric activity. Twelve mongrel dogs (weight 15.2 +/- 3.2 kg, 7 male, 5 female) were anesthetized, the abdomen was opened, and three electrodes were sutured to ...
Izzo A A - - 2000
The effect of cannabinoid drugs on peristalsis in the guinea-pig ileum was studied. Peristalsis was induced by delivering fluid into the oral end of an isolated intestinal segment. Longitudinal muscle reflex contraction, threshold pressure and threshold volume to trigger peristalsis, compliance of the intestinal wall during the preparatory phase (a ...
Delattre J F - - 2000
The study of the functional anatomy of the gastroesophageal junction allows for the demonstration of a double mechanism that combats the conflict of pressures that tends to lead to gastroesophageal reflux. On one hand, the LES, an intrinsic structure, is directly related to the muscle fibers of the organ and ...
Willis S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the motor function of the ileoanal pouch and to evaluate its coordination with proximal small-intestine motility. METHODS: Proctocolectomy and ileal J pouch-anal anastomosis were performed in 12 dogs. Motility was recorded by serosal electrodes and strain gauge transducers. RESULTS: Transmission of ...
Kahrilas P J - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: This study compared the pressure topography after laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication to that of normal subjects and patients with hiatal hernia and reflux disease. METHODS: Seven patients with fundoplication, 7 normal subjects and 7 patients with hiatal hernia, were studied. The squamocolumnar junction and intragastric margin of the esophagogastric junction ...
Wei Jing-Guo - - 2000
AIM:To study the relationship between pre-formation of gallstone and the kinetics and ultra-structure of sphincter of Oddi.METHODS:Adult female rabbits were used and divided into 3 groups,and fed with either normal or high cholesterol diet for four or eight weeks.Each group contained eight rabbits. The manometry of sphincter of Oddi, biliary ...
Hananoki M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to establish a method to determine lower oesophageal sphincter (LOS) pressure using an endoscopic manometric sleeve assembly. METHODS: We used a 250-cm, three-lumen, 2.2-mm external diameter silicon catheter with a 3-cm sleeve sensor that was passed easily through the biopsy channel (2.8 mm ...
Bortolotti M M Department of Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy. - - 2000
Sildenafil shows an intense and prolonged inhibitory effect on the smooth muscle cells of the human corpus cavernosum by blocking phosphodiesterase type 5 that destroys nitric oxide-stimulated cyclic guanosine monophosphate. We investigated if sildenafil possesses a similar effect on the esophageal musculature of patients with achalasia, where there is an ...
Allen M L - - 2000
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Two ways popularly used to measure lower esophageal sphincter pressure are the mid-respiratory and end-expiratory methods. The aim of this study was to compare the suitability of these methods in the manometric assessment of patients with endoscopically documented esophagitis. METHODS: Manometry was performed on 22 consecutive patients to determine ...
Schuster T - - 2000
There are several totally different definitions of the so-called ectopic anus. To determine whether computerized eight-channel manometry helps to define the entity of the ectopic anus, ten patients (nine females) were operated upon for an ectopic anus by the anal transposition technique (perineal pull-through procedure). Besides the software-supported manometric data, ...
Sun W M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the long term effects of pyloromyotomy for infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) on gastric emptying and pyloric motility. METHODS: Concurrent measurements of gastric emptying and antropyloroduodenal pressures were performed in six volunteers (aged 24-26 yr) who had had pyloromyotomy performed in ...
Akao S - - 2000
The tight junction of pancreatic exocrine cells is thought to regulate paracellular permeability, and is a possible reflux route of pancreatic juice into the blood flow. Morphological changes in the tight junction of canine pancreatic acinar cells following intraductal hypertension and secretin stimulation were morphometrically analyzed to obtain evidence of ...
Shafik A - - 2000
PURPOSE: The sigmoid colon (SC) is the site of stool storage. The stools accumulate in the SC until, at a certain volume, the mechanoreceptors in the SC wall are stimulated, evoking the sigmoidorectal junction inhibitory reflex with a resulting SC contraction, rectosigmoid junction (RSJ) relaxation and passage of the stools ...
Liu S - - 2000
To study the changes of anorectal motility in patients with chronic idiopathic constipation, anorectal motility was investigated by water-perfused manometric system in 30 patients with chronic idiopathic constipation and 18 healthy subjects. Our results showed that there was no significant difference between the constipation group and the control group in ...
Shafik A - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although advances in rehabilitation practices, pharmacology, and surgery offer new bowel program alternatives, digital-rectal stimulation is still utilized to facilitate defecation in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). We speculated that defecation induced by such a technique is mediated through a reflex mechanism. METHODS: The study comprised ...
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