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Kligman M D - - 2001
Sphincter of Oddi (SO) dysfunction as a potential cause of chronic acalculous cholecystitis (CAC) has not been studied in cases for which intraoperative SO manometry was used during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. In this study, we evaluated the effects of carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum on laparoscopic transcystic SO manometry. In 27 patients with ...
Marte A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Fecal incontinence, with or without persistent constipation is often underestimated in children affected by spina bifida. Medullar lesions to the L-S metameres result in a slowing of rectal and/or rectal-sigmoid motility, loss of anal or rectal sensation, deranged external anal sphincter function, altered motility of the anal levator muscles, ...
Diener U - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Although pneumatic dilatation is said to relieve dysphagia in achalasia if it decreases lower esophageal sphincter (LES) pressure to 10 mmHg (n = 23); group C, no previous balloon dilatation and LES pressure >10 mmHg (n = 25). All patients underwent a laparoscopic Heller myotomy and Dor fundoplication. The ...
Bouin M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Rectal sensory thresholds are lowered in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), reflecting visceral hyperlagesia, which might be related to subclinical inflammation. AIM: To evaluate the effects of an intraluminal injection of glycerol, a mucosal irritant, on rectal tone and perception of distension in 12 healthy subjects. METHODS: Rectal ...
Mularczyk A - - 2001
PURPOSE: Intermittent distention of the rectum induces internal anal sphincter relaxation, but whether continuous rectal distention might affect the resting pressure of the anal canal and the frequency of internal anal sphincter relaxations has not yet been investigated. The aim of this study was to record anal pressure under resting ...
Coskun A - - 2001
PURPOSE: Anal sphincter spasm is believed to play an important role in pain after hemorrhoidectomy. We tested a different form of nitroglycerin: the Nitroderm TTS band. We investigated its efficacy on posthemorrhoidectomy pain and the relation between pain and anal resting pressure measured preoperatively and postoperatively. METHODS: Thirty-eight hemorrhoid patients ...
Súilleabháin C B - - 2001
PURPOSE: With the advent of transanal ultrasonography it has been possible to identify those incontinent patients without sphincter defects. The majority of these patients are now thought to have neurogenic fecal incontinence secondary to pudendal neuropathy. They have been found to have reduced anal sphincter pressures and increased pudendal nerve ...
Coffin B - - 2001
Conscious sensations in response to gut distensions may be modulated by temporospatial interactions among different stimuli. This study investigated whether symptoms induced by gastric distension may be modified by hydrochloric acid (HCl) gastric infusion and meal ingestion. In nine healthy subjects, fixed pressure (isobaric) and fixed volume (isovolumetric) distensions were ...
Dire C - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: We compared manometric recordings of the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) recorded with a miniature sleeve to those obtained using standard manometry. METHODS: The UES pressure of eight volunteer subjects was measured by station pull-through (SPT), by rapid pull-through (RPT), and with a microsleeve sensor for 30 min, followed by ...
Boekema P J - - 2001
Some people attribute dyspeptic symptoms to drinking coffee, suggesting that coffee affects one or more functions of the proximal gastrointestinal tract. In a randomized controlled, cross-over, single-blinded study, the effects of coffee on gastric relaxation, gastric wall compliance and sensations, elicited by distension, were investigated in 10 healthy volunteers. Using ...
Rao S S - - 2001
Our aim was to investigate motor activity of the healthy, relatively unprepared colon in the ambulatory state. Twenty-five age- and gender-matched adults had a six-sensor solid-state probe inserted into the proximal transverse colon without sedation. Subjects ambulated freely and ate standard meals. In 528 h of recording, we found a ...
Yates P D - - 2001
Oesophago-pharyngeal reflux is widely accepted as an aetiological factor in many laryngeal and lower respiratory tract diseases. This study aims to establish normal reference ranges for pharyngo-oesophageal pH and pressure. Twenty-five asymptomatic healthy volunteers underwent ambulatory pharyngo-oesophageal pressure and pH-metry. Acid exposure times were very low. Only one subject showed ...
Van Herwaarden M A - - 2001
The aim of our study was to investigate the recording fidelity of a water-perfused micromanometric catheter with incorporated sleeve combined with a newly developed portable water-perfused manometric system for pharyngeal, oesophageal and lower oesophageal sphincter (LOS) pressure recording. The system's performance was assessed in prolonged recordings in ambulant gastro-oesophageal reflux ...
Bouchoucha M - - 2001
Resting anal pressure as determined by manometry is unsuited for assessing the competence of a sphincter. To validate a compliance method of sphincter evaluation we investigated the response of the anal canal to distension. In 20 healthy subjects the anal sphincter was distended using a cylindrical balloon probe subjected to ...
Shafik A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The effect of inferior rectal nerve (IRN) stimulation on the rectum was studied, postulating that nerve stimulation might inhibit rectal contractility and could thus be used in the management of defecation disorders. METHOD: The IRN was exposed through a para-anal incision in 12 dogs (18.2 +/- 3.3 SD kg, ...
Bais J E - - 2001
BACKGROUND: After Nissen fundoplication, troublesome dysphagia develops in 5-10 per cent of patients. The mechanism of dysphagia has not been fully resolved, in spite of a number of studies focusing on oesophageal motility and lower oesophageal sphincter (LOS) dynamics. Tightness and length of the wrap have had considerable attention, without ...
Steens J - - 2001
The aim of this study was to compare pouch and rectal sensory and motor characteristics and to assess the influence of a meal on pouch tone and motility. Fifteen patients with an ileoanal J-pouch, with adequate pouch function and 12 healthy controls were studied. Visceral compliance was assessed using an ...
Thompson D R - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Traditional teaching dictates that morphine induces "spasm" in the sphincter of Oddi (SO) and should not be used in acute pancreatitis and that meperidine is the analgesic of choice because it does not elevate SO pressures. A literature search and review was performed to evaluate this teaching examining the ...
Schwartz M P - - 2001
Multi-channel manometry offers the opportunity to study intestinal motor activity with high spatiotemporal resolution. We report tonic and phasic intraluminal pressure changes in the mid-portion of the horizontal part of the duodenum. In 10 healthy volunteers, we recorded 2 h of interdigestive duodenal motility using a water-perfused catheter. The assembly ...
Wehrmann T - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Systemic administration of nitrates inhibits motility of the sphincter of Oddi (SO) but is hampered by a decrease of the arterial blood pressure. We evaluate whether topical application of glyceril trinitrate (GTN) onto the papilla can facilitate cannulation of the common bile duct during routine endoscopic ...
Hirano I - - 2001
BACKGROUND & AIMS: In certain cases of achalasia, particularly those in early stages with minimal endoscopic or radiographic abnormalities, the diagnosis may rely on manometry, which is the most sensitive test for the disease. The aim of this study was to critically evaluate the manometric criteria in a population of ...
Cheetham M J - - 2001
INTRODUCTION: The internal anal sphincter receives a stimulatory alpha(1) adrenergic innervation. Use of an adrenergic agonist may therefore have a role in treating patients with faecal incontinence. METHODS: Ten patients (seven females, median age 66 years) with passive faecal incontinence related to weak internal anal sphincter were studied. All patients ...
Collard J M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To discover whether the human stomach contracts every 20 seconds or not. DESIGN: Manometric study. SETTING: Teaching hospital, Belgium. SUBJECTS: 10 healthy volunteers, and 31 patients who had had the whole stomach denervated and pulled up to the neck for oesophageal replacement. INTERVENTIONS: Analysis of selected strips of manometric ...
Van Herwaarden M - - 2001
The aim of the study was to validate a recently developed computer program for the analysis of prolonged recordings of lower oesophageal sphincter pressure. Thirty 1-hour stretches were selected from sets of 24-h pressure signals recorded from the pharynx, oesophagus, lower oesophageal sphincter (LOS) and stomach in 10 ambulant patients ...
Lin V W - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the usefulness of functional magnetic stimulation (FMS) as a noninvasive method to stimulate the colon in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: A prospective before-after trial consisting of 2 protocols. SETTING: FMS laboratories of 2 SCI centers. PARTICIPANTS: Two able-bodied men and 13 men with SCI ...
Pehl C - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease are advised to avoid the ingestion of large meals. In healthy volunteers, a relationship between the amount of postprandial gastro-oesophageal reflux and the volume of a liquid meal has been demonstrated. AIM: To evaluate whether the amount of postprandial gastro-oesophageal reflux is also related ...
Ladabaum U - - 2001
Distal gastric distension may contribute to meal-related dyspeptic symptoms. This study's aims were to determine the effects of distinct nutrient classes on symptoms induced by distal gastric distension and their dependence on 5-hydroxytryptamine(3) (5-HT3) receptors. Nine healthy subjects rated pain, nausea, and bloating induced by isobaric distal gastric distensions (6-24 ...
Chrysos E - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Intravenous (i.v.) erythromycin enhances gastric emptying and oesophageal motility in both healthy and disease situations, acting either as a motilin or acetylcholine agonist. The purpose of the present paper was to investigate any possible effect of i.v. erythromycin on oesophageal motility in patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR). METHODS: In ...
Ulualp S O - - 2001
Secondary esophageal peristalsis helps prevent the entry of gastric acid into the pharynx by clearing the refluxed gastric contents back into the stomach. Because the loss of this mechanism may contribute to the pathogenesis of reflux-induced laryngeal disorders, our aim was to study the frequency of stimulation and parameters of ...
Jones K L - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether slowing of gastric emptying and glucose absorption with guar gum would reduce the fall in blood pressure after an oral glucose load in older subjects. DESIGN: A randomized, experimental, cross-over study. SETTING: Department of Nuclear Medicine, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, SA, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Ten healthy subjects, ...
Sønksen J - - 2001
PURPOSE: We investigate internal and external sphincter responses during penile vibratory stimulation and electroejaculation in men with spinal cord injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ejaculation induction with simultaneous recording of external and internal sphincter pressures was performed in 9 spinal cord injured men. Of the patients with upper motor neuron lesions ...
Lysy J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Anal fissure is perpetuated by high sphincter pressures and secondary local ischaemia. Pharmacological approaches include topical nitrates and botulinum toxin (BT) which act to reduce anal pressure. BT lowers anal pressure by preventing acetylcholine release from nerve terminals while topical nitrates act by donating nitric oxide (NO). The aims ...
Bower A L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The physiologic competency of intrathoracic fundoplications remains controversial. This study compared the physiologic qualities of intra-abdominal Nissen fundoplications (IAF) with those of intrathoracic Nissen fundoplications (ITF) in a porcine model. METHODS: The lower esophageal sphincter (LES) length (cm), LES resting pressure (mm Hg), and intragastric pressure (mm Hg) necessary ...
Swift G L - - 2001
Assessment of the effect of balloon dilation of the lower esophageal sphincter in achalasia currently relies on symptom scores, radiologic studies, or manometry. We have used vector volume analysis which constructs a three-dimensional (3D) pressure profile to examine the effects of balloon dilation on the sphincter. Studies were performed in ...
Patti M G - - 2001
Esophageal achalasia is a primary esophageal motility disorder of unknown etiology, characterized by absence of esophageal peristalsis and increased resting pressure of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), which fails to relax appropriately in response to swallowing. Treatment is palliative and is directed toward elimination of the outflow resistance caused by ...
Bollard R C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Anorectal manometry is an established important investigation in a number of disorders. The specialist ano-rectal laboratory is not always available, and a hand held manometer may be a useful tool in the outpatient setting to avoid an unnecessary visit to the anorectal physiology laboratory. Our aims were to determine ...
Marks J M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Botulinum toxin A (Botox) functionally paralyzes the sphincter of Oddi in both animals and humans, resulting in reduced pressures. No study, however, has specifically addressed common bile duct (CBD) pressures after Botox injection into the sphincter of Oddi with regard to treating biliary leaks and fistulae. The goals of ...
Raut V V - - 2001
The influence of food bolus consistency on the pharyngeal wave during swallowing was investigated using a four-sensor manometry probe in 22 healthy volunteers. Pharyngeal pressures were recorded for 5 ml boluses of water, pudding and buttered bread via a manometry probe placed transnasally. The distal sensor was sited within the ...
Katsanos K H - - 2001
Although swallowing difficulties have been described in patients with Kearns-Sayre syndrome (KSS), the spectrum of manometric characteristics of dysphagia is not yet well known. Moreover, it is conceivable that a combination of various degrees of swallowing difficulties with different patterns in manometric studies exist, each playing a major role in ...
Petersen P - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Visceral pain is a major clinical problem. The aim of the present study was to compare the pain and biomechanical responses to standardized distension of the human colon. METHODS: The relation between pain intensity and pressure, cross-sectional area (CSA) and tension-strain relations of the rectum and sigmoid colon were ...
Królczyk G - - 2001
Nonpharmacologic regulation of gastrointestinal motility may become competitive to actually applied methods in the nearest future. The Aim of this study was to evaluate effect of vagal stimulation on gastric motility and emptying. Experiments were performed on 30 male Wistar rats in vivo. Electrodes (120 um O Cr/Mo Microfil Industries) ...
Panteleev S - - 2000
In experiments on urethane anaesthetised rats the influence of electrical stimulation of ventral areas of the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) on spontaneous and vagally-mediated gastric motility were studied. Stimulation of the mPFC resulted in gastric relaxation manifested as a fall in intragastric pressure from a baseline value of 5.0 +/- ...
Williams A B - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Anal canal squeeze pressure is assumed to be due to external sphincter contraction, but the contribution of other muscles has not been explored. METHODS: Ten male and ten nulliparous female asymptomatic subjects had three-dimensional anal endosonography and manometry. Incremental squeeze pressures at 0. 5-cm intervals, expressed as a percentage ...
Ciccaglione A F - - 2000
Controversial data are available on the duration of action of glyceryl trinitrate after acute and chronic application on anal canal pressure. Our aim was to assess the effect of glyceryl trinitrate at 0.2% and 2% on anal canal pressure before and after eight weeks of treatment. Anal canal pressure was ...
van Herwaarden M A - - 2000
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Esophageal acid exposure is higher in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) patients with hiatus hernia than in those without. We investigated the effect of a sliding hiatus hernia on the mechanisms underlying spontaneous gastroesophageal reflux over 24 hours. METHODS: Twelve GERD patients with and 10 GERD patients without ...
Riedy L W - - 2000
The objective of this study was to determine if short periods of electrical stimulation with perianal electrodes could increase anal pressures. Anorectal responses to electrical stimulation were evaluated in five healthy SCI patients. Anorectal pressures were recorded with a small pressure-recording balloon before, during, and immediately following stimulation. A battery-powered ...
Bardan E - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of ageing on length and resting pressure of the upper and lower oesophageal sphincters (UOSs, LOSs). BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of upper and lower oesophageal sphincters (UOSs and LOSs, respectively) in the control of retrograde trans-sphincteric flow is influenced by sphincteric pressure and length. METHODS: Nine ...
Takahata S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic balloon dilation is under investigation as a treatment modality for bile duct stones. It may have an advantage of preserving the sphincter of Oddi function, but little is known about sphincter of Oddi cyclic motility after dilation. METHODS: Four dogs with a duodenal cannula underwent sphincter of Oddi ...
Martinez-Serna T - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The transoral, endoscopic route has been suggested as a possible approach for the correction of severe gastroesophageal reflux. Such a procedure would involve no mobilization of the cardia or other structures. The optimal placement, number, and configuration of sutures remains undefined. METHODS: With the use of a previously developed ...
Jorge J M - - 2000
We tested the value of the sphincter asymmetry index (SAI), an adjunct study of vectormanometry for detecting sphincter defects of difficult clinical diagnosis, in patients with anal incontinence referred for anal manometry. Patients were prospectively classified as having no previous anal trauma (group I, n = 13), those with possible ...
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