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Results 701 - 750 of 2374
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Lin J K - - 2001
BACKGROUND: This is a prospective study designed to confirm a simple, effective method of hemorrhoidectomy that can be accomplished by simple local anesthesia with good preservation of anal sphincter function both clinically and manometrically. METHODS: Eighty consecutive patients with prolapsed mixed hemorrhoids were operated with standard closed hemorrhoidectomy under local ...
Schwartz M P - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Abnormal gastroduodenal motility and visceral hypersensitivity to intraduodenal acid have recently been recognized as pathophysiological factors in functional dyspepsia. The aim of this study was to assess whether these abnormalities in functional dyspepsia depend on the chemical composition of the stimulus. METHODS: In 17 patients with functional dyspepsia and ...
Wolf C - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: It has been shown that gastro-oesophageal reflux plays a role in the pathogenesis of intestinal metaplasia (IM) limited to the oesophagogastric junction (OGJ), similar to the pathogenesis of IM in long segments of columnar lined oesophagus. The aim of this study was to examine lower oesophageal sphincter ...
Jenkinson A D - - 2001
Little is known about the effect of achalasia and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) on compliance of the esophageal body and the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). Twenty-two patients with achalasia, 14 with GERD, and 14 asymptomatic volunteers were assessed. Recording apparatus consisted of a specially developed PVC bag tied to a ...
Trudgill N J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Postprandial acid reflux is thought to be mediated by the increase in transient lower oesophageal sphincter relaxations (TLOSR) frequency and fall in lower oesophageal sphincter (LOS) pressure seen after ingestion of a meal. Studies in animals and healthy volunteers suggest that cholecystokinin (CCK) may play a role. AIM: To ...
Zbar A P - - 2001
Some authors divide rectoceles into those with chronic evacuatory difficulty and normal genital position (type 1) and those with associated pelvic organ prolapse (type 2). This study assessed whether there are physiological differences between these two clinical rectocele types. Female patients were assessed by conventional anorectal manometry, vector manometry, parametric ...
Wang E Q - - 2001
1. Recent studies indicate that nitroglycerin (NTG) can produce beneficial clinical effects in healing anal fissures through the relaxation of the internal anal sphincter. The in vivo relaxation effects of NTG on the anorectal smooth muscle have not been studied and it is not known whether this tissue may also ...
Polyakov V V - - 2001
Significant changes of thermogomeostatic parameters was obtained by thermotopometric method using the techniques simulate of microgravity effects: bed rest, pressurized isolation, suit immersion (SI). However, each of ground models made rectal temperature (T) trend downward. The autothermometric study (24 and 12 sessions, 2-13th and 6-174th flight days) was carried out ...
Jonas M - - 2001
INTRODUCTION: Chemical sphincterotomy has proved effective in treating chronic anal fissure. Glyceryl trinitrate is the most widely used agent, and topical 0.2 percent glyceryl trinitrate ointment heals up to two thirds of chronic anal fissures. Unfortunately, however, many patients experience troublesome headaches as a side effect of this treatment. This ...
Nabae T - - 2001
PURPOSE: We previously reported significant changes in sphincter of Oddi cyclic motility after proximal duodenal transection and anastomosis. However, the role of intrinsic myoneural continuity between the antrum and duodenum in this respect is not understood. The aim of this study was to elucidate the effects of prepyloric gastric transection ...
Schröder W - - 2001
The formation of a gastric tube after esophagectomy with ligation of the left gastric artery and resection of the lesser curvature is associated with microcirculatory changes, especially in the anastomotic region of the fundus. This influences the healing of the esophagogastrostomy. The presented prospective protocol was designed to assess continuous ...
Craig A G - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Unavoidable catheter movement during sphincter of Oddi (SO) manometry can produce considerable variations in the basal pressure, due to movement of the recording sidehole. The sleeve sensor is a perfused channel which records the highest pressure point along its length. The aim of the study was ...
Paterson W G - - 2001
The normal antireflux mechanism consists of several components, any one of which may malfunction and render an individual prone to the development of GERD. The LES is clearly the most important component because gastroesophageal reflux almost always occurs when the sphincter pressure equals that of the stomach. Usually, an LES ...
Sato T - - 2001
PURPOSE: Vaginal delivery disturbs pelvic floor innervation, which has previously been studied as a single mechanism. The effects of childbirth on innervation at different levels of the anal sphincter system were studied after childbirth. METHODS: Both anal manometry and motor latencies were measured in 67 females. Twenty-nine females (30.8 +/- ...
Piessevaux H - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Hypersensitivity to distension of the stomach is a frequent finding in functional dyspepsia. During gastric distension studies both wall tension and elongation are increased. AIM: We wished to distinguish changes in wall tension from changes in elongation in the genesis of perception of mechanical stimuli originating from the proximal ...
Zerbib F - - 2001
The role of Helicobacter pylori infection in the control of lower esophageal sphincter (LES) motility, especially the occurrence of transient LES relaxations (TLESRs), was studied in eight H. pylori-positive and eight H. pylori-negative healthy subjects. During endoscopy, biopsy specimens were taken from the cardia, fundus, and antrum for determinations of ...
Drewes A M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Hyperalgesia to visceral stimuli is a biological marker of the irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Abnormal pain processing is probably of most importance, but biomechanical abnormalities of the gut wall may also contribute to the findings. In the current study, we investigated the sensation of the gut to electrical stimuli ...
Hveem K - - 2001
The relationships between gastric wall motion and intraluminal pressure are believed to be major determinants of flows within and from the stomach. Gastric antral wall motion and intraluminal pressures were monitored in five healthy subjects by concurrent antropyloroduodenal manometry and transabdominal ultrasound for 60 min after subjects drank 500 ml ...
Pimentel M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Diffuse esophageal spasm (DES) is an uncommon condition that results in simultaneous esophageal contractions. Current medical treatment of DES is frequently unsatisfactory. We hypothesized that, as a smooth muscle relaxant, peppermint oil may improve the manometric findings in DES. STUDY: Eight consecutive patients with chest pain or dysphagia and ...
Xie P - - 2001
Pressures generated by the pharyngeal constrictor muscles and proximal esophagus involve acetylcholine-induced muscle contractions. We hypothesized that the pharyngo-esophageal pressure gradient is related to choline acetyltransferase activity. In nine anesthetized cats, hypopharyngeal pressure and proximal esophageal pressure were recorded with a solid state transducer assembly. Enzymatic activities in the thyropharyngeus, ...
Kurbel S - - 2001
This paper was inspired by the reported results of authors from Uppsala and Lund that gastric glands in rats rhythmically contract 3-7 cycles per minute and develop luminal pressures more than 10 mmHg. To ensure that pepsinogen is not retained in the acid-rich section of the gland, ejection fractions would ...
Manes G - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Visceral hypersensitivity and impaired gastric relaxation after the ingestion of a meal are frequent features in patients with functional dyspepsia. Cisapride improves dyspeptic symptoms. The study aims to evaluate whether cisapride influences gastric sensitivity to distension as well as gastric compliance and duodenogastric reflexes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: ...
Kligman M D - - 2001
Sphincter of Oddi (SO) dysfunction as a potential cause of chronic acalculous cholecystitis (CAC) has not been studied in cases for which intraoperative SO manometry was used during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. In this study, we evaluated the effects of carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum on laparoscopic transcystic SO manometry. In 27 patients with ...
Marte A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Fecal incontinence, with or without persistent constipation is often underestimated in children affected by spina bifida. Medullar lesions to the L-S metameres result in a slowing of rectal and/or rectal-sigmoid motility, loss of anal or rectal sensation, deranged external anal sphincter function, altered motility of the anal levator muscles, ...
Diener U - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Although pneumatic dilatation is said to relieve dysphagia in achalasia if it decreases lower esophageal sphincter (LES) pressure to 10 mmHg (n = 23); group C, no previous balloon dilatation and LES pressure >10 mmHg (n = 25). All patients underwent a laparoscopic Heller myotomy and Dor fundoplication. The ...
Bouin M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Rectal sensory thresholds are lowered in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), reflecting visceral hyperlagesia, which might be related to subclinical inflammation. AIM: To evaluate the effects of an intraluminal injection of glycerol, a mucosal irritant, on rectal tone and perception of distension in 12 healthy subjects. METHODS: Rectal ...
Mularczyk A - - 2001
PURPOSE: Intermittent distention of the rectum induces internal anal sphincter relaxation, but whether continuous rectal distention might affect the resting pressure of the anal canal and the frequency of internal anal sphincter relaxations has not yet been investigated. The aim of this study was to record anal pressure under resting ...
Coskun A - - 2001
PURPOSE: Anal sphincter spasm is believed to play an important role in pain after hemorrhoidectomy. We tested a different form of nitroglycerin: the Nitroderm TTS band. We investigated its efficacy on posthemorrhoidectomy pain and the relation between pain and anal resting pressure measured preoperatively and postoperatively. METHODS: Thirty-eight hemorrhoid patients ...
Súilleabháin C B - - 2001
PURPOSE: With the advent of transanal ultrasonography it has been possible to identify those incontinent patients without sphincter defects. The majority of these patients are now thought to have neurogenic fecal incontinence secondary to pudendal neuropathy. They have been found to have reduced anal sphincter pressures and increased pudendal nerve ...
Coffin B - - 2001
Conscious sensations in response to gut distensions may be modulated by temporospatial interactions among different stimuli. This study investigated whether symptoms induced by gastric distension may be modified by hydrochloric acid (HCl) gastric infusion and meal ingestion. In nine healthy subjects, fixed pressure (isobaric) and fixed volume (isovolumetric) distensions were ...
Dire C - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: We compared manometric recordings of the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) recorded with a miniature sleeve to those obtained using standard manometry. METHODS: The UES pressure of eight volunteer subjects was measured by station pull-through (SPT), by rapid pull-through (RPT), and with a microsleeve sensor for 30 min, followed by ...
Boekema P J - - 2001
Some people attribute dyspeptic symptoms to drinking coffee, suggesting that coffee affects one or more functions of the proximal gastrointestinal tract. In a randomized controlled, cross-over, single-blinded study, the effects of coffee on gastric relaxation, gastric wall compliance and sensations, elicited by distension, were investigated in 10 healthy volunteers. Using ...
Rao S S - - 2001
Our aim was to investigate motor activity of the healthy, relatively unprepared colon in the ambulatory state. Twenty-five age- and gender-matched adults had a six-sensor solid-state probe inserted into the proximal transverse colon without sedation. Subjects ambulated freely and ate standard meals. In 528 h of recording, we found a ...
Yates P D - - 2001
Oesophago-pharyngeal reflux is widely accepted as an aetiological factor in many laryngeal and lower respiratory tract diseases. This study aims to establish normal reference ranges for pharyngo-oesophageal pH and pressure. Twenty-five asymptomatic healthy volunteers underwent ambulatory pharyngo-oesophageal pressure and pH-metry. Acid exposure times were very low. Only one subject showed ...
Van Herwaarden M A - - 2001
The aim of our study was to investigate the recording fidelity of a water-perfused micromanometric catheter with incorporated sleeve combined with a newly developed portable water-perfused manometric system for pharyngeal, oesophageal and lower oesophageal sphincter (LOS) pressure recording. The system's performance was assessed in prolonged recordings in ambulant gastro-oesophageal reflux ...
Bouchoucha M - - 2001
Resting anal pressure as determined by manometry is unsuited for assessing the competence of a sphincter. To validate a compliance method of sphincter evaluation we investigated the response of the anal canal to distension. In 20 healthy subjects the anal sphincter was distended using a cylindrical balloon probe subjected to ...
Shafik A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The effect of inferior rectal nerve (IRN) stimulation on the rectum was studied, postulating that nerve stimulation might inhibit rectal contractility and could thus be used in the management of defecation disorders. METHOD: The IRN was exposed through a para-anal incision in 12 dogs (18.2 +/- 3.3 SD kg, ...
Bais J E - - 2001
BACKGROUND: After Nissen fundoplication, troublesome dysphagia develops in 5-10 per cent of patients. The mechanism of dysphagia has not been fully resolved, in spite of a number of studies focusing on oesophageal motility and lower oesophageal sphincter (LOS) dynamics. Tightness and length of the wrap have had considerable attention, without ...
Steens J - - 2001
The aim of this study was to compare pouch and rectal sensory and motor characteristics and to assess the influence of a meal on pouch tone and motility. Fifteen patients with an ileoanal J-pouch, with adequate pouch function and 12 healthy controls were studied. Visceral compliance was assessed using an ...
Thompson D R - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Traditional teaching dictates that morphine induces "spasm" in the sphincter of Oddi (SO) and should not be used in acute pancreatitis and that meperidine is the analgesic of choice because it does not elevate SO pressures. A literature search and review was performed to evaluate this teaching examining the ...
Schwartz M P - - 2001
Multi-channel manometry offers the opportunity to study intestinal motor activity with high spatiotemporal resolution. We report tonic and phasic intraluminal pressure changes in the mid-portion of the horizontal part of the duodenum. In 10 healthy volunteers, we recorded 2 h of interdigestive duodenal motility using a water-perfused catheter. The assembly ...
Wehrmann T - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Systemic administration of nitrates inhibits motility of the sphincter of Oddi (SO) but is hampered by a decrease of the arterial blood pressure. We evaluate whether topical application of glyceril trinitrate (GTN) onto the papilla can facilitate cannulation of the common bile duct during routine endoscopic ...
Hirano I - - 2001
BACKGROUND & AIMS: In certain cases of achalasia, particularly those in early stages with minimal endoscopic or radiographic abnormalities, the diagnosis may rely on manometry, which is the most sensitive test for the disease. The aim of this study was to critically evaluate the manometric criteria in a population of ...
Cheetham M J - - 2001
INTRODUCTION: The internal anal sphincter receives a stimulatory alpha(1) adrenergic innervation. Use of an adrenergic agonist may therefore have a role in treating patients with faecal incontinence. METHODS: Ten patients (seven females, median age 66 years) with passive faecal incontinence related to weak internal anal sphincter were studied. All patients ...
Collard J M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To discover whether the human stomach contracts every 20 seconds or not. DESIGN: Manometric study. SETTING: Teaching hospital, Belgium. SUBJECTS: 10 healthy volunteers, and 31 patients who had had the whole stomach denervated and pulled up to the neck for oesophageal replacement. INTERVENTIONS: Analysis of selected strips of manometric ...
Van Herwaarden M - - 2001
The aim of the study was to validate a recently developed computer program for the analysis of prolonged recordings of lower oesophageal sphincter pressure. Thirty 1-hour stretches were selected from sets of 24-h pressure signals recorded from the pharynx, oesophagus, lower oesophageal sphincter (LOS) and stomach in 10 ambulant patients ...
Lin V W - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the usefulness of functional magnetic stimulation (FMS) as a noninvasive method to stimulate the colon in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: A prospective before-after trial consisting of 2 protocols. SETTING: FMS laboratories of 2 SCI centers. PARTICIPANTS: Two able-bodied men and 13 men with SCI ...
Pehl C - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease are advised to avoid the ingestion of large meals. In healthy volunteers, a relationship between the amount of postprandial gastro-oesophageal reflux and the volume of a liquid meal has been demonstrated. AIM: To evaluate whether the amount of postprandial gastro-oesophageal reflux is also related ...
Ladabaum U - - 2001
Distal gastric distension may contribute to meal-related dyspeptic symptoms. This study's aims were to determine the effects of distinct nutrient classes on symptoms induced by distal gastric distension and their dependence on 5-hydroxytryptamine(3) (5-HT3) receptors. Nine healthy subjects rated pain, nausea, and bloating induced by isobaric distal gastric distensions (6-24 ...
Chrysos E - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Intravenous (i.v.) erythromycin enhances gastric emptying and oesophageal motility in both healthy and disease situations, acting either as a motilin or acetylcholine agonist. The purpose of the present paper was to investigate any possible effect of i.v. erythromycin on oesophageal motility in patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR). METHODS: In ...
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