Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1647
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Matsuno Naoto - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the usefulness of machine perfusion preservation parameters as indicators of kidney graft viability. METHODS: Eighty-eight cadaveric kidneys were analyzed in this study. Of these, 74 kidneys (84.1%) were procured from nonheartbeating donors. The criteria for an acceptable kidney for transplantation were a perfusion flow of more ...
Thomas J S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The cardiovascular effects of oxytocin in animal models and women undergoing Caesarean section include tachycardia, hypotension and decrease in cardiac output. These can be sufficient to cause significant compromise in high-risk patients. We aimed to find a simple way to decrease these risks whilst retaining the benefits of oxytocin ...
Daudel Fritz - - 2006
Besides providing effective analgesia, thoracic epidural anesthesia (TEA) has been shown to decrease perioperative morbidity and mortality. Because of its vasodilatory properties in association with the sympathetic blockade, however, TEA may potentially aggravate cardiovascular dysfunctions resulting from sepsis and systemic inflammatory response syndrome. The objective of the present study was ...
Shime Nobuaki - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of continuous negative extrathoracic pressure (CNEP) in children after surgery for congenital heart defects. METHODS: We applied - 3 to - 6 cmH2O CNEP with a cuirass and ventilator to 16 infants and children managed in a paediatric intensive care unit after surgery for congenital ...
Yamada Narihisa - - 2006
Platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor (PD-ECGF) is identical to thymidine phosphorylase (TP), and it can induce angiogenesis, including arteriogenesis, in chronically ischemic canine myocardium. Because its effect on peripheral arterial disease has not been elucidated, we investigated whether overexpression of PD-ECGF/TP could ameliorate chronic limb ischemia in rabbits. Left femoral ...
Barrueto Fermin F - - 2006
Antiarrhythmics can have devastating effects in cardiotoxic poisonings. Amiodarone is recommended for treatment of wide complex tachycardia, but its hemodynamic effects in wide complex tachycardia induced by tricyclic antidepressant poisoning are unknown. The objective of this study was to compare the effects of sodium bicarbonate, amiodarone, and normal saline in ...
Otsuki D A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Tissue tolerance to oxygen privation during acute normovolaemic haemodilution with different fluids remains unclear. We tested the hypothesis that hydroxyethyl starch (HES) is superior to lactated Ringer's solution in pigs for preserving tissue perfusion during acute normovolaemic haemodilution. METHODS: Twenty-four animals were randomized into control, lactated Ringer's solution and ...
Field Tiffany - - 2006
Sixty-eight preterm infants (M GA=30 weeks) were randomly assigned to a moderate or to a light pressure massage therapy group to receive 15 massages three times per day for 5 days. Behavior state, stress behaviors and heart rate were recorded for 15min before and during the first 15-min therapy session. ...
Katsuda Shin-ichiro - - 2006
The coexistence of hypertension and hypercholesterolaemia from youth may increase the prevalence of and mortality from cardiovascular disease and stroke. We thus investigated haemodynamics of mild hypertension in young Kurosawa and Kusanagi-hypercholesterolaemic (KHC) rabbits aged 10-12 months old, as models of heritable hypercholesterolaemia. Pressure and flow waves were simultaneously recorded ...
Shi Y - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Magnetic rings were used for rapid vascular reconstruction in a canine liver transplantation model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two adult mongrel dogs weighing 13 to 16 kg were randomly selected as donors or recipients of transplantations. The recipients were randomly divided into two groups: group A (n = 10) had ...
Czajkowski Marek - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The measurement of intra-abdominal pressure (JAP) is an important examination in the diagnostics of multiorgan failure. Elevated IAP adversely impacts renal, splanchnic, pulmonary, cardiovascular, and central nervous system physiology. Therefore the measurement of IAP may be important in patients after CABG. The study analyzes LAP changes in patients undergoing ...
Aziz Leena - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the reliability of armoured laryngeal mask airway for adenotonsillectomy and to compare the haemodynamic changes during anaesthesia with those of endotracheal tube. DESIGN: A prospective comparative study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Services Hospital Lahore/ Services Institute of Medical Sciences from April to September 2003. PATIENTS AND ...
Undar Akif - - 2006
PURPOSE: The objectives of this investigation were (1) to compare two hollow-fiber membrane oxygenators (Capiox Baby RX versus Lilliput 1-D901) in terms of pressure drops and surplus hemodynamic energy (SHE) during normothermic and hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in a simulated neonatal model; and (2) to evaluate pulsatile and non-pulsatile perfusion ...
Boldt J - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The kind of fluid for correcting hypovolaemia is still a focus of debate. In a prospective, randomized, controlled and double-blind study in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery, a total balanced volume replacement strategy including a new balanced hydroxyethyl starch (HES) solution was compared with a conventional, non-balanced ...
Nizard J - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To investigate maternal hemodynamic changes following laser therapy and amnioreduction in twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). METHODS: Thirty-nine cases with severe TTTS were treated at 16-26 weeks of gestation. Maternal hemodynamic evaluation was performed, including heart rate (HR), arterial pressure and echocardiography with calculation of shortening fraction (SF), left atrial ...
A-Meguid Mohamed Essam - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This study aimed at evaluating the effect of application of different patterns of positive ventilatory pressure either during or after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), on lung functions. METHODS: 30 patients undergoing coronary artery revascularisation under the management of CPB were randomly allocated into 3 groups. Group I (VCM) 10 patients ...
Kondratiev T V - - 2006
This experimental study was performed to explore hemodynamic effects of a moderate dose epinephrine (Epi) during hypothermia and to test the hypothesis whether sympathetic stimulation during cooling affects myocardial function following rewarming. Two groups of male Wistar rats (each, n=7) were cooled to 15 degrees C, maintained at this temperature ...
Azevedo Otávio Cansanção de - - 2006
PURPOSE: To test the efficacy of the puncture in the left hypochondrium as an alternative method. METHODS: Sixty-two patients randomly distributed into two groups were studied: Group LH, puncture in the left hypochondrium (n=30), and Group ML, puncture in the abdominal midline (n=32). The following were assessed: needle positioning tests, ...
Altmay Ece - - 2006
PURPOSE: Despite the well-documented impairment of pulmonary function after cardiopulmonary bypass, effective precautions and ideal management strategies for this problem are still under debate. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) applied during cardiopulmonary bypass on respiratory and hemodynamic variables. METHODS: In this randomized, ...
Farstad M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate how a continuous infusion of a hyperosmolar/hyperoncotic solution influences fluid shifts and intracranial pressure during cardiopulmonary bypass in piglets. METHODS: Fourteen animals, randomized to the control (CT) group or the hypertonic saline/hydroxyethyl starch (HyperHaes) (HSH) group, received acetated Ringer's solution as ...
Kharbanda R K - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that remote ischaemic preconditioning (rIPC) reduces injury after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). DESIGN: Randomised study with an experimental model of CPB (3 h CPB with 2 h of cardioplegic arrest). Twelve 15 kg pigs were randomly assigned to control or rIPC before CPB and followed up ...
Mukhtar Ahmed M - - 2006
We tested dexmedetomidine, an alpha2 agonist, for its ability to decrease heart rate, arterial blood pressure, and neuroendocrinal responses during pediatric cardiac surgery. In a randomized, placebo-controlled study, 30 pediatric patients undergoing open heart surgery were randomly assigned to one of two equal groups. The control group received saline, whereas ...
Maslow Andrew D - - 2006
Hypotension occurs during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), in part because of induction of the inflammatory response, for which nitric oxide and guanylate cyclase play a central role. In this study we examined the hemodynamic effects of methylene blue (MB), an inhibitor of guanylate cyclase, administered during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) to patients ...
Kawata Mitsuhiro - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: For cerebral protection during aortic surgery, we introduced a novel retrograde cerebral perfusion method with intermittent pressure augmentation. We then assessed whether this novel method provides benefits similar to those provided by antegrade selective cerebral perfusion. METHODS: Eighteen dogs were randomly divided into 3 groups: the RCP-INT group, intermittent-retrograde ...
Bilgin Hülya - - 2006
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of 3 different sedative-analgesic regimens in patients with intracranial mass lesions undergoing stereotactic brain biopsy. A 135 outpatients with American Society of Anesthesiologists I to II were divided into 3 groups: group A (n = 45) received a loading dose ...
Harris Bryan - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The vascular response to intravenous thiopental in patients on cardiopulmonary bypass during deep hypothermia was examined. DESIGN: This was a prospective observational study. SETTING: A university teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-one consecutive adult patients undergoing pulmonary thromboendarterectomy during which deep hypothermic circulatory arrest was instituted. INTERVENTIONS: Immediately before circulatory arrest, ...
Schroth Michael - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Hypertonic-hyperoncotic solutions are used for the improvement of micro- and macrocirculation in various types of shock. In pediatric intensive care medicine, controlled, randomized studies with hypertonic-hyperoncotic solutions are lacking. Hypertonic-hyperoncotic solutions may improve cardiac function in children. The primary objective of this controlled, randomized, blinded study was to evaluate ...
Ezri Tiberiu - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) is more frequently associated with perioperative fluid and electrolyte disturbances than transurethral resection of bladder tumors (TURT) because of irrigating fluid absorption. Because fluid overload may cause hypertension, we compared the patients' intraoperative hemodynamic profiles (including the incidence of hypertension) during TURP vs ...
Zhong Fei - - 2006
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of 2 Hz transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) to reduce cue-induced heroin craving and the corresponding cardiovascular responses. Seventy heroin addicts with at least 1 month of abstinence were enrolled and randomly divided into two groups of 35, to ...
Hochman Mark N - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The purpose was to measure the interstitial fluid pressure generated from tissue resistance during administration of local anesthetic solution at 4 anatomic locations within the oral cavity and to determine whether differences in soft tissue density affect interstitial fluid pressure when anesthetic solution is administered at a fixed flow ...
Jeon Yunseok - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Phosphodiesterase inhibitor is essential to the pharmacologic management of decompensated heart failure because it increases contractility and decreases afterload of right ventricle. It also improves hemodynamics and increases blood flow of the grafted internal mammary arteries and middle cerebral arteries during coronary artery bypass surgery. However, it induces vasodilation ...
Deblier Ivo - - 2006
Cardiopulmonary bypass triggers systemic inflammation and systemic oxidative stress. Recent reports suggest that continuous ventilation during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) can affect the outcome of patients after cardiac surgery. We investigated the influence of lung ventilation on inflammatory and oxidative stress markers during coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) with CPB in ...
Agvald Per - - 2006
Venous gas embolism (VGE) is a feared complication in diving, aviation, surgery and trauma. We hypothesized that air emboli in the lung circulation might change expired nitric oxide (FeNO). A single intravenous infusion of air was given (100 mul kg(-1)) to three groups of anaesthetized mechanically ventilated rabbits: (A) one ...
Tassani Peter - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The systemic inflammatory response to cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) possibly increases microvascular permeability to plasma proteins, leading to capillary leak syndrome. The study was conducted to elucidate any protein leakage in newborns using Evans blue dye as tracer. DESIGN: Prospective controlled study. SETTING: University-affiliated heart center. PARTICIPANTS: Eleven neonates with ...
Peng Yong G - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between arterial carbon dioxide (PaCO(2)) and mean expired pump CO(2) during cardiopulmonary bypass (PeCPBCO(2)) in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with CPB during steady state, cooling, and rewarming phases of CPB. DESIGN: Consenting patients, prospective study. SETTING: University-affiliated hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-nine patients. INTERVENTIONS: Patients aged 22 ...
Cakmak Murat - - 2006
PURPOSE: To show the effect of botulinum A toxin-induced paralysis of abdominal muscles on intraabdominal pressure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifteen Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 2 groups. An abdominal skin incision was done, and 2 catheters were placed for the pressure monitoring and saline infusion. Saline solution was given to ...
Tezel C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Bronchopleural fistula is a serious complication of major lung resections that may lead to mortality. An experimental animal model was designed to find out the safest bronchial closure method by comparing leakage rates under pressure. METHODS: The tracheobronchial trees of 50 freshly dead sheep were prepared for either manual ...
Frisbie J H - - 2007
Case-control. Tetraplegic patients are subject to episodes of autonomic dysreflexia and postural hypotension. It is suggested that these patients sustain, in addition, unstable baseline blood pressure (BP) that is independent of symptoms and body position. BP monitoring was conducted in 10 tetraplegic patients, motor and sensory complete (American Spinal Injury ...
Troncy Eric - - 2006
Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) activates a systemic inflammatory response characterized clinically by alterations in cardiovascular and pulmonary function. The aim of this study was to measure the cardiopulmonary consequences in sham-operated pigs, and in animals subjected to CPB in the presence or absence of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). We also investigated, if the ...
Tibbits Dick - - 2006
The objective of this study was to determine if patients with diagnosed stage-1 hypertension could benefit by a forgiveness training program to achieve measurable reductions in anger expression and blood pressure. Twenty-five participants were randomly divided into wait-listed control and intervention groups. The control group monitored blood pressure while the ...
Zhao Feng - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Low-dosage adrenaline contained in local anesthetics is commonly used for hemostasis during functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS), but often causes significant hemodynamic side effects that might be neglected. A randomized, controlled, prospective clinical trial was designed to find out these effects after local infiltration of different concentrations and/or different ...
Kawabe Hiroshi - - 2006
The Japanese Society of Hypertension has recommended that evening home blood pressure measurement be taken just before bedtime. In this study, to elucidate the influence of nighttime bathing on evening home blood pressure and heart rate, measurements were performed for 7 days using volunteers who were employees of a single ...
Venkatesh Pradeep - - 2006
PURPOSE: To test an observational hypothesis that patients with central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR) may have a tendency towards hypertension compared with normal individuals. METHODS: In this case-control study we evaluated resting blood pressure in 32 patients with CSCR and compared it with that in 32 healthy controls in a standard ...
Haugen Oddbjorn - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate if a mean arterial pressure below 50 mmHg during CPB may lead to cerebral ischemia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Piglets with low mean arterial pressure by nitroprusside (LP-group) (n=6) were compared with piglets given norepinephrine to obtain high pressure (HP-group) (n=6) during normothermic and hypothermic CPB. Intracranial pressure, ...
Schultz Jess M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Hypothermic circulatory arrest (HCA) is used during surgical treatment of certain congenital heart defects. The possibility of ischemic neurologic injury associated with HCA has led some surgeons to use low-flow cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) during the hypothermic interval (hypothermic low flow [HLF]). This study investigates the inflammatory response to HCA ...
Sood Jayashree - - 2006
Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is gaining popularity because of its well-documented benefits. The aim of our study was to see if a decreased intraoperative intraabdominal pressure during laparoscopic adrenalectomy would affect the hemodynamic variables and the serum levels of catecholamines. We randomly divided 9 patients into 2 groups, maintaining either an intraabdominal ...
Sato Koichi - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In experimental reports, blood flow redistribution occurred during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and perfusion pressure was restored by vasoconstrictor administration without improving splanchnic perfusion. The influence of vasoconstrictor administration during CPB was clinically examined. Materials and METHODS: Twenty-two consecutive pediatric CPB cases of ventricular septal defect without blood transfusion were ...
Ibraheim Osama A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The observation of hemodynamic and metabolic impairment related to CO2 pneumoperitoneum and postoperative mesenteric ischemia reports following laparoscopic procedures have raised concern about local and systemic effects of increase intraabdominal pressure during laparoscopic procedures. The present study aims to evaluate the metabolic and acid base responses of using high ...
Flaa Arnljot - - 2006
We hypothesized that resting blood pressure is related to sympathetic activity in young men who are unaware of their blood pressure status in high, normal, and low ranges and that there is a relationship between sympathetic activity and coronary risk factors. Forty-three healthy, young men from the 1st [group 1, ...
Toklu Akin Savas - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: When a body is recovered from the water after a fatal SCUBA diving accident, it is useful to know if the diver was under pressure or not when he/she took his/her last breath, in order to determine the cause and manner of the death. If the victim was under ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >