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Peisker Nina - - 2010
The study was designed to evaluate foetal stress responses in midgestational (G1) and near-term (G2) pregnant ewes euthanized either by intravenous administration of pentobarbital (group P) or electrical current (group E). After the ewe's death foetal lambs were delivered by caesarean section and remained attached to the ewe by the ...
Weiss Dominik Roger - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to develop methods for the rapid assessment of intimal quality of coronary bypass segments of venous origin, and to prevent endothelial damage by improved intraoperative handling of graft segments. Particular attention was paid to the influence of the composition of the preservation solution ...
Upadhyay Piyush - - 2010
To compare the efficacy and side effects of 3% hypertonic saline and mannitol in the management of raised intracranial pressure in children. Prospective randomized study. Pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) in a tertiary care hospital. 200 patients with raised intracranial pressure. Patients were randomized into two statistically comparable groups; Group ...
Joukar Siyavash - - 2010
Some Asian people believe that opium can protect the cardiovascular system. To assess this belief, we investigated the effect of passive opium smoking (POS) on cardiovascular indices in rabbits with ischemic and non-ischemic hearts.Rabbits (n = 43) were divided into control (CTL), short term opium (SO) and long term opium ...
Hypólito Octávio Henrique Mendes - - 2010
AIM: The aim of this work is to analyze, by means of noninvasive monitoring, the clinical effects of high intraperitoneal pressure for enough time to insert the first trocar. METHODS: Sixty-seven patients without significant lung problems were randomly divided into groups P12 (n = 30, maximum intraperitoneal pressure 12 mmHg) ...
Quantz Jonnie E - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate alanine transaminase (ALT) and gallbladder wall abnormalities as possible biomarkers for anaphylaxis in dogs presented for acute hypersensitivity reactions. DESIGN: Pilot study. SETTING: A private practice, small animal, 24-hour emergency and specialty hospital. ANIMALS: Ninety-six dogs presenting 101 times on an ...
Wilborn Colin - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a commercially available thermogenic product (TP) on resting energy expenditure (REE) and hemodynamic variables in a randomized, double-blind, placebo (PL)-controlled study. Eight male (age: 23.0 +/- 3.70 years, weight: 95.77 +/- 16.44 kg, height: 182.4 +/- 7.87 cm) and ...
Sekino Motohiro - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Pharmacological blockade of the renin-angiotensin system is thought to maintain gut perfusion during circulatory stress and thereby avoid later failure of distant organs. In this controlled experimental study, we investigated the effects of carperitide, a synthetic atrial natriuretic peptide that inhibits the renin-angiotensin system, on the systemic and splanchnic ...
Borron Stephen W - - 2009
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Hydroxocobalamin may be lifesaving in cyanide (CN) poisoning, but personal protective equipment (PPE) wear, rescue, and decontamination may delay intravenous administration. Intraosseous (IO) lines may be rapidly placed even when wearing PPE. We assessed the hemodynamics of hydroxocobalamin (OHCo) and normal saline (NS) by the IO route. METHODS: ...
Metintas Selma - - 2009
This study was conducted in three stages in a semi-rural region of Eskisehir, Turkey. In the first stage, individuals selected by random sampling were evaluated for cardiovascular disease risk factors. In the second stage, Group I and Group II training materials were randomly distributed. In the third stage, the subjects ...
Topcu Omer - - 2009
AIM: To determine the effects of high osmolarity contrast media (HOCM) and iso-osmolar contrast media (CM) application, with or without pressure, on hepato-pancreato-biliary (HPB) system. METHODS: Sixty rats were divided into six equal groups as follows: Group 1: (0.9% NaCl, control), Group 2: (diatrizoate meglumine Na, ionic HOCM, Urographin), Group ...
Levin Matthew A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Vasoplegic syndrome is a form of vasodilatory shock that can occur after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). We hypothesized that the severity and duration of the decline in mean arterial pressure immediately after CPB is begun can be used as a predictor of patients will develop vasoplegia in the immediate post-CPB ...
Yoshizumi Ko - - 2009
The cognitive impairment and hemodynamic instability after neonatal cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) might be exacerbated by hemodilution. Therefore, this study investigated the impact of different bloodless prime volumes on the hemodynamics and the inflammatory response by a miniaturized CPB system in neonatal piglets. The bypass circuit consisted of ...
Miyashita Yoh - - 2009
AIM: Recently, a novel device for measuring the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) as an arterial stiffness parameter has been developed. In this study, we evaluated the effect of angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) and calcium channel (Ca) blocker on CAVI in type 2 diabetic patients with hypertension.METHODS: Seventy type 2 ...
Hong Seong Wook - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Unexpected sustained underestimation of the central aortic pressure by the radial arterial pressure commonly develops following cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in valvular heart surgery (VHS), leading to an inappropriate use of vasopressors. The study aim was to identify clinical predictors leading to a sustained inappropriate ...
Nielsen Erik Waage - - 2009
The objective of this study was to establish a porcine analog of human meningococcal sepsis for pathophysiological investigations and possible future therapy in severe sepsis. Heat-killed Neisseria meningitidis was continuously infused in sublethal concentrations into 10 anesthetized 30-kg pigs (sepsis group). The dose was doubled every 30 min. Six pigs ...
Noto Alberto - - 2009
Cardiac surgery performed with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) may be complicated by hypotension due to low systemic vascular resistance (SVR). Often in those cases, hypotension is resistant to pressor catecholamines. We report six cases of norepinephrine-resistant postcardiotomy hypotension, treated by terlipressin (TP), a potent vasopressor agent. Between May 2007 and May ...
Fasullo Sergio - - 2009
BACKGROUND: beta-blockers in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) are indicated for patients without a contraindication, particularly in patients with high heart rates (HR) or blood pressures. Epidemiological studies have shown that elevated HR represents a risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity. The study investigates the feasibility, tolerability, and the effects after ...
Rashid M - - 2009
This randomised controlled trial aimed to compare the efficacy of intramuscular syntometrine with intravenous syntocinon, in preventing postpartum haemorrhage. A total of 686 women were randomised into two groups; one receiving intramuscular syntometrine and the other receiving intravenous syntocinon, as part of the active management of the third stage of ...
Day A L - - 2009
AIM: Assess the effects of workplace-based massage therapy on physiological and psychological outcomes. METHODS: We used afield experiment in which 28 participants were randomly assigned into either an experimental (n = 14) or control (n = 14) group. The experimental group received weekly massage treatments at work for a four ...
Liu D - - 2010
It is still controversial whether subclinical hypothyroidism and euthyroidism affect blood pressure. The study aimed to explore the relationship between different levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and blood pressure in the participants with subclinical hypothyroidism and euthyroidism. A total of 1319 participants were administered a questionnaire survey, and their blood ...
Sharma S K - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: To determine the changes in oxygen saturation, blood pressure and pulse rate during endoscopic procedure and to evaluate--oesophagogastroduodenoscopy (OGD) related discomfort assessed by the patient. METHODS: It is observational case control study. Baseline pulse, blood pressure and oxygen saturation were monitored before procedure, at one minute of procedure, at ...
Ozmen Mahir M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It is generally accepted that proinflammatory mediators, including cytokines, are responsible for the metabolic changes associated with injury. Recent clinical and experimental studies have also shown that the laparoscopic procedures actually produce ischemia-reperfusion injury in the organs by oxygen-derived free radicals. This study aimed to assess the effect of ...
Goma Hala M - - 2009
To compare the anti-hypertensive effects of both remifentanil and esmolol infusion. This prospective comparative study was conducted on 20 patients (10 patients in each group), in the Neurosurgical Theater of Kasr Elaini Hospital, Cairo, Egypt from 2006 to 2008. The patients were divided into 2 equal groups. In group one, ...
Ukaejiofo E O - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine blood levels of lead and its effects on haematological parameters among occupational lead handlers in Enugu, Enugu State, Nigeria. In developing countries, rapid industrialisation has lead to an alarming demand for lead. Furthermore, the burden of lead toxicity is greatly underestimated. Hence, the need to assess the ...
Liao Wei-Chih - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Concerning needle withdrawal bleeding, measurement of esophageal variceal pressures (VP) by direct needle puncture is indicated only when sclerotherapy is simultaneously performed. A prospective study was conducted to assess the feasibility of needle measurements of VP during endoscopic variceal ligation (EVL). METHODOLOGY: Liver cirrhotic patients who were consecutively referred ...
Imura Hajime - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary dysfunction is a frequent postoperative complication after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass, and atelectasis is thought to be one of the main causes. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether low-frequency ventilation and continuous positive airway pressure during cardiopulmonary bypass reduce postcardiopulmonary bypass lung injury. METHODS: ...
Rezaei-Adaryani Morteza - - 2009
AIM: This paper is a report of a study to investigate the effect of three positioning protocols on back pain, heart rate, blood pressure and vascular complications after cardiac catheterization. BACKGROUND: After cardiac catheterization, bed rest is prescribed in order to minimize vascular complications, but this often leads to back ...
Marjanovic Goran - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic insufficiency still remains an unsolved problem in digestive surgery. Little clinical data, regarding the impact of perioperative volume management exist, which suggest lower complication rates in intestinal surgery under restrictive volume regimens. The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of the extent of intraoperative fluid ...
Smetkin A A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) requires thorough monitoring of hemodynamics and oxygen transport. Our aim was to find out whether therapeutic guidance during and after OPCAB, using an algorithm based on advanced monitoring, influences perioperative hemodynamic and fluid management as well as the length of post-operative ICU and ...
Topsakal Ramazan - - 2009
AIM: The serotonin levels in thrombocytes are decreased in hypertensive patients. The aim of our study was to investigate the relationship between serotonin levels and insufficient nocturnal blood pressure (BP) decrease (non-dipper) in hypertensive patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-six hypertensive patients and 27 healthy control subjects were included in the ...
Eryilmaz Mehmet - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Uncontrolled hemorrhage is the leading cause of fatality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of zeolite mineral (QuikClot - Advanced Clotting Sponge [QC-ACS]) on blood loss and physiological variables in a swine extremity arterial injury model. METHODS: Sixteen swine were used. Oblique groin incision was ...
Motta Mario M S - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To evaluate and compare cardiovascular effects (blood pressure and heart rate) of phenylephrine 2.5% versus phenylephrine 10%, and compare pupil diameter before and after instillation of eyedrops. METHODS: A total of 58 patients scheduled for funduscopy were dilated with either phenylephrine 2.5% and tropicamide 1% (group 0, n = ...
Tirilomis Theodor - - 2009
Cardiac function and hemodynamics are frequently decreased during the first hours after heart surgery, resulting in inotropic support for treatment and prevention of further hemodynamic deterioration. The aim of this study was analysis of hemodynamics of neonatal piglets who survived early postoperative course after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and cardioplegic arrest ...
Sakurai Hiroyuki - - 2009
A higher incidence of failure has been reported for free flaps transplanted to the lower extremities. However, the physiological background of this phenomenon has not been elucidated. We reviewed the 3-day postoperative hemodynamic data for 103 free flaps, including the in situ venous pressure (N = 103), arterial pressure (N ...
Nesek-Adam V - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of low-pressure pneumoperitoneum and pentoxifylline, a methylxanthine derivative, in the prevention of injury caused by free oxygen radicals generated during CO(2 )pneumoperitoneum. METHODS: Twenty-eight rabbits were allocated randomly to 4 groups. Control group rabbits (group 1) were subjected to ...
Bonilha Amanda Gimenes - - 2009
This study aimed to investigate the effects of weekly singing classes on pulmonary function parameters and quality of life (QoL) of COPD patients. Forty-three patients were randomized to weekly classes of singing practice, or handcraft work. They performed spirometry and completed maximal respiratory pressure measurements, evaluations of dyspnea, and the ...
Papavramidis Theodossis S - - 2009
Acute pancreatitis leads to abdominal hypertension and compartment syndrome. Weeks after the episodes pancreatic fluids sometimes organize to pseudocysts, fluid collections by or in the gland. Aims of the present study were to evaluate the intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) induced by large pancreatic pseudocysts and to examine the effect of their ...
Rasier R - - 2009
To determine the short-term effect of intravitreal bevacizumab administration on systemic blood pressure levels of patients and to evaluate the safety of the drug in these patients. Study population was divided into two groups: group A comprised patients who had hypertension and were under medication with antihypertensive drugs; group B ...
Torres Kamil - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Surgical procedures enhance production of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines and angiogenic factors that play a pivotal role in the immunological response to surgical trauma and take part in the pathogenesis of tumor growth and adhesions formation. The purpose of the study was to access the influence of low-pressure CO(2) ...
Luo Heguo - - 2008
This study observed the protective effect of hypercapnic acidosis preconditioning on rabbit heart suffered from ischemia-reperfusion injury. Hypercapnic acidosis was established in animals with mechanical hypoventilation before ischemia-reperfusion. Thirty-two rabbits were randomly divided into 4 groups, with each having 8 animals in term of the degree of acidification: hypercapnic acidosis ...
Lee Hsin-Min - - 2009
The purpose of the study was to determine the effects of transverse friction massage (TFM) on flexor carpi radialis (FCR) motoneuron (MN) pool excitability. Twenty-eight healthy subjects were randomly assigned into massage and control groups. Pre- vs post-TFM H-reflex data were collected. Controls received a rest period instead of massage. ...
Kim Tae-Woo - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of microgrooves on orthodontic miniscrews in terms of success rate and soft tissue adaptation in animal experiments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample consisted of a non-microgroove (NMG) group and a microgroove group (MG; 50 microm pitch and 10 microm depth microgroove on the upper surface ...
Kuno Masamune - - 2009
1. TAK-242 is a novel compound that suppresses nitric oxide and cytokine production by selectively inhibiting intracellular signals from toll-like receptor (TLR)-4. In the present study, we investigated the effectiveness of TAK-242 against sepsis using an endotoxaemia model in conscious and unrestricted guinea-pigs. Measures examined included muscle tension paralysis of ...
Haeffener Mauren Porto - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The use of the incentive spirometry (IS) with expiratory positive airway pressure (EPAP) to prevent postoperative pulmonary complications (PPC) after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) is not well established. This study sought to determine the effects of IS+EPAP after CABG. METHODS: Thirty-four patients undergoing CABG were randomly assigned to ...
Kundra P - - 2008
Seventy-eight ASA 1 and 2 women scheduled for elective diagnostic laparoscopy under general anaesthesia were randomly allocated into two groups. Patients were either positioned with a 20 degrees Trendelenberg tilt (group T) or with a wedge placed under the pelvis (group W). A standard general anaesthetic technique was used in ...
Cromheecke Stefanie - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although moderate hemodilution is usually well tolerated in coronary artery surgery patients, this may not be the case when myocardial oxygen demand is increased. We hypothesized that, in these patients, hemodilution in the presence of an increased heart rate could be associated with an impairment of myocardial function. METHODS: ...
Yen T S - - 2008
AIM: Rapid fluid administration is often necessary for anesthesiologists to maintain intravascular volume in off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) with acceptable hematocrits. Postoperative hypocoagulation involving postoperative bleeding and hypercoagulation involving graft patency were focused in previous studies but bleeding and blood transfusion are often peaked during vascular anastomoses during OPCAB. ...
Du Yutao - - 2008
An innovative technique, called the high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) treatment, has been recently reported to improve the cryosurvival of gametes or embryos in certain mammalian species. The aim of the present study was to investigate the in vitro and in vivo developmental competence and cryotolerance of embryos produced by handmade ...
Kotani Yasuhiro - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of modified ultrafiltration (MUF) on neonates with transposition of the great arteries (TGA) undergoing arterial switch operation. METHODS AND RESULTS: The current study included 36 neonates who underwent an arterial switch operation between 1998 and 2006. Arterio-venous MUF ...
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