Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1158
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Sud Vipul - - 2002
Ischemia-induced reperfusion injury seems to play an important role in the pathophysiology of "idiopathic" carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). The common final pathway in this developmental sequence is thought to be an intermittent increase in interstitial pressure, leading to degenerative changes in the flexor tenosynovium and fibrotic changes in the perineural ...
Bonati Francesca - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Currently, amnioinfusion fluids used in operative fetoscopy usually are preheated to body temperature. As the complexity of procedures increases, purposed designed devices should be designed that allow control of pressure and temperature during amnioinfusion or amnioexchange. In the current study, a prototype amnio-irrigator and fluid heater were evaluated. METHODS: ...
Mekheimer Kh S - - 2002
The problem of peristaltic transport of a couple stress fluid in uniform and non-uniform two-dimensional channels has been investigated under zero Reynolds number with long wavelength approximation. Blood is represented by a couple stress fluid (a fluid which its particles size are taken into account, a special case of a ...
Venn R - - 2002
BACKGROUND: A prospective, randomized controlled trial comparing conventional intraoperative fluid management with two differing methods of invasive haemodynamic monitoring to optimize intraoperative fluid therapy, in patients undergoing proximal femoral fracture repair under general anaesthesia. METHODS: Ninety patients randomized to three groups; conventional intraoperative fluid management (Gp CON, n=29), and two ...
Kornblatt J A - - 2002
Escherichia coli and Saccharomyces cerevisiae can metabolize, grow, and divide over osmotic pressures ranging from 0.24 atm to about 100 atm [Record, T. M. et al. (1999). Trends Biochem. Sci. 23,143-148,190-194; Wood, J. M. (1999). Microbiol. Mol. Bio. Rev. 63, 230-262; Marachal, P. A., and Gervais, P. (1994). Appl. Microbiol. ...
Heltne J K - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) as used for cardiac surgery and for rewarming individuals suffering deep accidental hypothermia is held responsible for changes in microvascular fluid exchange often leading to edema and organ dysfunction. The purpose of this work is to improve our understanding of fluid pathophysiology and to explore the ...
Nicosia M A - - 2001
The squeezing action of the tongue against the palate provides driving forces to propel swallowed material out of the mouth and through the pharynx. Transport in response to these driving forces, however, is dependent on the material properties of the swallowed bolus. Given the complex geometry of the oral cavity ...
Raspanti M - - 2001
Fragments of native, hydrated rat tail tendon were imaged by tapping-mode atomic force microscopy while immersed in fluid. The specimens were soft and sensitive to the operating parameters, and with minimal imaging pressure the collagen fibrils appeared covered by irregular blobs or by filamentous material. A slight increase in pressure ...
Jijiwa H - - 2001
We examined the permeability of the subcupular space for endolymph flow in the pigeon. A new technique was developed in which nanoparticles consisting of dextran magnetite were attracted by use of a magnet, instead of injecting a dye solution. The method was revealed to prevent an excess pressure application by ...
Malhotra S K - - 2001
This study was performed in 32 ASA I patients undergoing percutaneous nephrolithotripsy under general anaesthesia, using absorption of 1% ethanol as a marker to monitor irrigation fluid absorption. Various parameters of fluid absorption were studied and compared, including irrigation fluid volume, irrigation time, total volume of irrigation fluid absorbed and ...
Poli A - - 2001
Fibroblast microfilamentous actin (F-actin) influences interstitial fluid pressure via linkages to collagen in rat skin (Berg et al., 2001). The present aims were to determine whether the actin cytoskeleton of synovial endothelium, fibroblasts, and synoviocytes influences in vivo (i) fluid exchange between a joint cavity and synovial microcirculation and (ii) ...
van der Sande F M - - 2001
It has been suggested that the incidence of hypotensive episodes is less with hemodiafiltration (HDF) than with hemodialysis (HD). The aim of the present study was to assess the BP response during HD and postdilution HDF in relation to the thermal effects of these different treatment modalities by manipulating the ...
Dodson J M - - 2001
To create a small, portable, fully automated biosensor, a compact means of fluid handling is required. We designed, manufactured, and tested a "fluidics cube" for such a purpose. This cube, made of thermoplastic, contains reservoirs and channels for liquid samples and reagents and operates without the use of any internal ...
Jijiwa H - - 2001
Whether the endolymph of the semicircular canal passes the cupular partition or not was examined using the lateral semicircular canal system of adult pigeons (Columba livia). By applying various pressures by means of injection of a dye solution through the membranous canal, it was found that the dye solution, was ...
Kurbel S - - 2001
Reported interstitial pressures range from -8 to +6 mm Hg in different tissues and from <-20 mm Hg in burned tissue or more than +30 mm Hg in tumors. We have tried to link interstitial pressure to the here proposed cyclical changes in the fluid transport across the capillary wall. ...
Petrunkina A M - - 2001
The ability to reverse swelling caused by hypo-osmotic stress is an important cell function; in spermatozoa, it is likely to be of consequence during ejaculation and also during the thawing process that terminates cryopreservation. In this study, the time course of boar and bull sperm volume changes after exposure to ...
Buechner P M - - 2001
To explore the hypothesis that mechanical excitation-induced fluid flow and/or fluid pressure are potential mechanical transduction mechanisms in bone adaptation, a complementary experimental and analytical modeling effort has been undertaken. Experimentally, viscoelastic tan delta properties of saturated cortical bovine bone were measured in both torsion and bending, and significant tan ...
Lin Yang-Zheng - - 2001
A new equation of state is proposed to correlate and predict the osmotic pressure data for aqueous bovine serum albumin (BSA) solutions with different NaCl concentrations and pH values with only one adjustable parameter. The Carnahan-Starling equation represents the contribution of the hard sphere repulsion to the osmotic pressure. The ...
Clark C B - - 2001
Pericardial tamponade is a complication of cardiac catheterization. Our purpose was to evaluate the ability of intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) to identify pericardial fluid and the success of pericardiocentesis in an experimental model. Seven dogs were studied with the use of a 10F, 10-MHz ICE catheter in the left ventricle. Normal ...
Pedrinelli R - - 2001
Treatment with calcium channel blocker (CCB)s, dihydropyridines and others, is frequently complicated by dependent oedema in the absence of sodium retention or cardiac failure, a bothersome side effect of unclear aetiology. The present paper reviews our own and other work dealing with the antagonism exerted by such drugs on postural ...
Taiwo K A - - 2001
This study compared mass transfer during osmotic dehydration (OD) and some quality indices of untreated apple slices to those of apple slices pretreated by either blanching, freezing, or applying high-intensity electric field pulses (HELP) or high pressure (HP). HP, HELP, and blanching increased water loss. Untreated and HELP-treated samples had ...
Iwata K - - 2001
Microtubules (MTs) of cells of Spirogyra sp. were depolymerized by treatment with amiprophos-methyl (APM) for 1 h and then reorganized in 0.30 M mannitol solution. The reorganized MTs after 1.5 h incubation showed an oblique/longitudinal orientation and then became transversely oriented as the incubation was prolonged. During this incubation, the ...
De Santo N G - - 2001
This article starts with a concise synopsis of the history of edema. The role of underfilling, overflow, antidiuretic hormone, and acquaporins is subsequently discussed. Emphasis is given to the use of diuretics in edematous patients. The role and risks of albumin infusion are illustrated. The new hypothesis of pulse reverse ...
Yabuki S - - 2001
STUDY DESIGN: An experimental study to clarify the effects of pentoxifylline, as an anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha therapy on endoneurial fluid pressure in the dorsal root ganglion using an animal model of herniated nucleus pulposus. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha therapy to nucleus pulposus-induced nerve root/dorsal root ...
Améglio T - - 2001
Pressure transducers were attached to twigs of orchard trees and potted trees of walnut (Juglans regia L.) to measure winter stem xylem pressures. Experimental potted trees were partially defoliated in the late summer and early autumn to lower the amount of stored carbohydrates. Potted trees were placed in cooling chambers ...
Fisher K V - - 2001
Adequate body and vocal fold hydration are believed to be critical to phonation. We hypothesized that body fluid reduction, without dehydration, would increase phonation threshold pressure (P(th)) and be associated with patient-perceived increases in phonatory effort and worsening voice quality. Using a single-subject, full-reversal design, a controlled volume of body ...
Iversen P O - - 2001
The volume and fluid pressure characteristics of the intact bone marrow is incompletely understood. We used microspheres and lipoproteins for measurements of intravascular volume (IVV) and EDTA for interstitial fluid volume (IFV) within the rat bone marrow. Interstitial fluid pressure (IFP) was determined with micropipettes connected to a servo-controlled counter-pressure ...
Ghanem A N - - 2001
In 1886, Starling proposed a hypothesis for the capillary-interstitial fluid transfer in which capillary filtration is attributed to arterial pressure, based on Poiseuille's work in long uniform tubes. In 1967-8, the precapillary sphincter, pores and negative interstitial pressure were reported. In 1984, clinical observations inconsistent with Starling's hypothesis prompted a ...
Zholkovskij Emilij K. - - 2001
Electrostatic interactions are considered in the framework of the cell model to predict the osmotic pressure in concentrated disperse systems. A procedure was developed to represent the osmotic pressure as a function of two parameters, namely, the dispersed phase volume fraction and the electric potential attributed to the interface between ...
Kim S -I. - - 2001
The effect of osmotic pressure on paclitaxel production was investigated in the suspension cell cultures of Taxus chinensis. Paclitaxel production was definitely influenced by the initial sucrose concentration and the highest production yield was achieved at the concentration of 60 g.l(-1) sucrose (300 mOsm.kg(-1)). High osmotic pressure conditions generated by ...
Marcelli G - - 2001
Nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulations are reported at different strain rates (gamma;) for a shearing atomic fluid interacting via accurate two- and three-body potentials. We report that the hydrostatic pressure has a strain-rate dependence of gamma;(2), in contrast to the gamma;(3/2) dependence predicted by mode-coupling theory. Our results indicate that the ...
Prins M W - - 2001
We demonstrate control of fluid motion in three-dimensional structures with thousands of microchannels. Fluids are manipulated via an electrocapillary pressure, originating from electrostatic control of the solid/fluid interfacial tension in the microchannels. Reversible fluid displacement has been achieved for all channel orientations with respect to gravity. The velocities of several ...
Tucci M - - 2001
Tolerance of neural tissue to external compression has been shown to depend on several factors. The mechanism by which acute compression alters peripheral nerve conduction is not completely understood. Ischemic and mechanical factors have alternatively been implicated as the primary causes of nerve dysfunction in compression syndromes. An ischemic etiology ...
Takagi M - - 2001
The effects of changes in osmotic pressure on the production of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) by Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells in suspension were investigated. The osmotic pressure was shifted up from 300 mOsm/kg and down from 400 or 500 mOsm/kg to 400, 350, or 300 mOsm/kg during the cell ...
Del Fabbro M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: An increase in gingival sulcular fluid filtration is a common clinical sign of early gingivitis. The aim of this study was to describe the fluid dynamics of the gingival interstitial tissues at the level of the sulcus in the transition towards inflammation. METHODS: In 13 anesthetized rabbits, a silk ...
Kajimura M - - 2001
The interstitial fluid pressure (P(isf)) has been measured in the exposed superfused mesenteries of anaesthetised rats using the micropipette servo-null technique. When mesenteries were superfused with Ringer-Locke solutions, P(isf) was close to atmospheric pressure with mean +/- S.E.M. values of -0.46 +/- 0.14 cmH(2)O (n = 22). Superfusing with paraffin ...
Richard Bowen - - 2001
A new method for determining the osmotic pressure of electrostatically stabilized colloidal particles from frontal ultrafiltration experiments has been developed. The method is based on a reverse calculation utilizing a previously developed analysis of frontal ultrafiltration (W. R. Bowen and F. Jenner, Chem. Eng. Sci. 50, 1707, 1995; W. R. ...
Holbeck S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of the three commercially available colloid solutions, 6% dextran 70, 6% hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 200/0.5, and 3.5% urea-linked gelatin on permeability for human albumin in a skeletal muscle in vivo model by evaluating their effects on the reflection coefficient for albumin. DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. ...
Johnsson C - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The present study was undertaken in order to: (a) develop a new technique for measurement of interstitial pressure, (b) study the intragraft pressure of rejecting and non-rejecting organs, and (c) study the effect of treatment with the hyaluronan-degrading enzyme hyaluronidase on intragraft pressure. Treatment with hyaluronidase has previously been ...
Leung A K - - 2000
Oedema is a common childhood problem with important public health implications. It is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the interstitial space which might result from a decrease in intravascular oncotic pressure, an increase in intravascular hydrostatic pressure, an increase in capillary permeability or impaired lymphatic drainage. Renal sodium retention ...
Kinsky M P - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Edema of tissue not directly injured by heat is a common complication after resuscitation of burn shock. Hypertonic 7.5% NaCl 6% dextran (HSD) infusion reduces early fluid requirements in burn shock, but the effects of HSD on peripheral and visceral tissue edema are not well-defined. METHODS: We measured the ...
Scott D - - 2000
Hyaluronan (HA), an anionic polysaccharide of synovial fluid, attenuates fluid loss from joints as joint pressure is raised ('outflow buffering'). The buffering is thought to depend on the expanded molecular domain of the polymer, which causes reflection by synovial extracellular matrix, leading to flow-dependent concentration polarization. We therefore assessed the ...
Heino A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of dobutamine and fluid treatment on splanchnic hemodynamics and tissue oxygenation during partial superior mesenteric artery occlusion. DESIGN: Prospective, open randomized, full-factorial design. SETTING: University research laboratory. SUBJECTS: Forty-eight female pigs. INTERVENTIONS: In 24 anesthetized pigs (ischemic group), superior mesenteric artery (SMA) blood flow was ...
Marx G - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Capillary leakage syndrome (CLS) is a frequent complication in sepsis, characterized by loss of intravasal fluids leading to generalized edema and hemodynamic instability despite massive fluid therapy. In spite of its importance no standardized diagnostic criteria are available for CLS. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SETTING: 1,800-bed university hospital PATIENTS: ...
Stohrer M - - 2000
Oncotic and hydrostatic pressure differences control the movement of fluid and large molecules across the microvascular wall of normal and tumor tissues. Recent studies have shown that the interstitial fluid pressure in tumors is elevated and is approximately equal to the microvascular pressure. Whereas oncotic pressure in blood plasma of ...
Rudloff E - - 2000
Complications related to intravascular fluid resuscitation and maintenance can become life-threatening. Overhydration and underhydration can lead to significant perfusion abnormalities and can delay or prevent recovery. A working knowledge of transcapillary fluid dynamics gives the veterinarian the basis for evaluating the cause of alterations that make up Starling's forces. By ...
Coleman P J - - 2000
1. Synovial fluid drains out of joints through an interstitial pathway. Hyaluronan, the major polysaccharide of synovial fluid, attenuates this fluid drainage; it creates a graded opposition to outflow that increases with pressure (outflow 'buffering'). This has been attributed to size-related molecular reflection at the interstitium-fluid interface. Chain length is ...
Wit H P - - 2000
During injection of artificial endolymph into scala media of the guinea pig, fluid pressure was simultaneously measured in endolymph and perilymph with micropipettes. Pressure differences in the order of 10 Pa could reproducibly be measured upon injection of 2-4 microl of artificial endolymph with a rate of 50 nl/s. Injection ...
Khiabani H Z - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: factors regulating transcapillary fluid transport were investigated to elucidate the causes of oedema in CLI. MATERIAL: sixteen patients, 6 men and 10 women (mean age of 79+/-10.3 years) with unilateral CLI and peripheral pitting oedema. METHODS: measurements were performed in both limbs. Interstitial fluid was collected by applying blister ...
Woodrow G - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Glucose absorption from glucose-based dialysis fluids limits ultrafiltration from the daytime dwell in automated peritoneal dialysis (APD). Icodextrin may allow greater ultrafiltration during the daytime period in APD, enhancing fluid control. METHODS: A 7.5% icodextrin dialysate was compared with a 2. 27% glucose dialysate for the daytime dwell in ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >