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Broholm Rikke R Department of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, University of Copenhagen , - - 2014
Background. Measurement of the ankle and toe pressures are often performed using a plethysmograph, compression cuffs and a strain gauge. Usually, the strain gauge contains mercury but other alternatives exist. From 2014, the mercury-containing strain gauge will no longer be available in the European Union. The aim of this study ...
Kluger Anna Katharina - - 2014
Abstract Background: The aim of our study was to introduce a so-called "neutral shoe" as a tool to assess reference values for dynamic pedobarographic investigations. Materials and methods: Twelve healthy volunteers were asked to participate. During the first trial the participants were asked to walk with a neutral shoe (Breidbach, ...
Hetsroni Iftach I Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Meir General Hospital, Kfar Saba, - - 2014
Plantar pressure abnormalities after open reduction with internal fixation (ORIF) of intra-articular calcaneal fractures have been observed previously, but high-grade fractures were not selectively investigated and follow-up times were shorter than 2 years. The purpose of this study was to characterize plantar pressure anomalies in patients with exclusively high-grade calcaneal ...
Sadler Sean - - 2014
Measurement of toe and ankle blood pressure is commonly used to evaluate peripheral vascular status, yet the pre-test rest period is inconsistent in published studies and among practitioners, and could affect results. The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate all research that has investigated the effect of different ...
van der Zwaard Babette C - - 2014
Several footwear design characteristics are known to have detrimental effects on the foot. However, one characteristic that has received relatively little attention is the point where the sole flexes in the sagittal plane. Several footwear assessment forms assume that this should ideally be located directly under the metarsophalangeal joints (MTPJs), ...
Hatam N N Clinic for Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, Aachen University hospital RWTH - - 2014
Purpose: Noninvasive pressure support ventilation is intended to relieve the load on respiratory muscles and to prevent exhaustion. This includes continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) as well as pressure support ventilation (PSV). Speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) allows quantification of tissue deformation by tracing characteristic grayscale patterns, independent of the acquisition ...
Lee Pei Y - - 2014
Plantar forefoot pain is commonly experienced by older people and it is often treated with forefoot pads to offload the painful area. However, studies have found inconsistent effects for different forefoot pads on plantar pressure reduction, and optimum forefoot pad placement is still not clear. The aim of this study ...
Malavi Pallavi S PS High Pressure and Synchrotron Radiation Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai 400085, - - 2014
Optimally doped iron-chalcogenide superconductor Fe1.03Se0.5Te0.5 has been investigated under high pressures using synchrotron-based x-ray diffraction and mid-infrared reflectance measurements at room temperature. The superconducting transition temperature (Tc) of the same sample has been determined by temperature-dependent resistance measurements up to 10 GPa. The tetragonal phase (P4/nmm) is found to exist in ...
Wellenkotter J J Health Professions, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, La Crosse, WI, United - - 2014
Our purpose was to evaluate effects of cadence manipulation on plantar loading during running. Participants (n=38) ran on a treadmill at their preferred speed in 3 conditions: preferred, 5% increased, and 5% decreased while measured using in-shoe sensors. Data (contact time [CT], peak force [PF], force time integral [FTI], pressure ...
Farzadi Maede M 1Department of Prosthetics and Orthotics, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Islamic Republic of - - 2014
Background:Higher plantar pressures at the medial forefoot are reported in hallux valgus. Foot orthoses with medial arch support are considered as an intervention in this pathology. However, little is known about the effect of foot orthoses on plantar pressure distribution in hallux valgus.Objectives:To investigate the effect of a foot orthosis ...
Fourchet François F ASPIRE Health Centre - ASPETAR, National Sports Medicine Programme, Doha, Qatar. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study aimed to determine adjustments in spring-mass model characteristics, plantar loading and foot mobility induced by an exhaustive run. Within-participants repeated measures. Eleven highly-trained adolescent middle-distance runners ran to exhaustion on a treadmill at a constant velocity corresponding to 95% of velocity associated with VO2max (17.8±1.4kmh(-1), time to exhaustion=8.8±3.4min). ...
Jeans Kelly A KA *Texas Scottish Rite Hospital for Children, Dallas, TX †Arnold Palmer Children's Hospital, Orlando, - - 2014
Relapses following nonoperative treatment for clubfoot occur in 29% to 37% of feet after initial correction. One common gait abnormality is supination and inversion of the foot caused by an imbalance of the anterior tibialis tendon muscle. The purpose of this study was to determine if plantar pressures are normalized ...
Griebert Maggie C MC Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) is an overuse injury occurring among the physically active. Linked to increased strain on the medial tendons of the ankle, studies emphasize controlling medial foot loading in the management of this condition. Kinesio taping (KT) has gained popularity for treating musculoskeletal pathologies; however, its effect ...
Høyer C C Department of Clinical Physiology, Viborg Regional Hospital, Viborg, Denmark; Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the intra- and inter-observer variation in laser Doppler flowmetry curve reading for measurement of toe and ankle pressures. A prospective single blinded diagnostic accuracy study was conducted on 200 patients with known or suspected peripheral arterial disease (PAD), with a total of 760 curve sets produced. The first ...
Lv Xiaofeng X Department of Endocrinology, the Military General Hospital of Beijing PLA, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate the effect of combination therapy of backward-walking training plus alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) treatment on the distribution of plantar pressure of the patients with Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy (DPN). The test group was treated with combination therapy of backward walking exercise plus ALA, in which lipoic acid for 2 weeks ...
Keidan Ilan I Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel (affiliated with Tel Aviv University, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv, Israel); Department of Anesthesiology, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Box 100254, JHMHSC, 1600 SW Archer Rd., Gainesville, FL 32610-0254, - - 2014
To determine the accuracy and precision of simultaneous noninvasive blood pressure (NIBP) measurement in the arm, forearm, and ankle in anesthetized children. Prospective, randomized study. University medical center. 101 ASA physical status 1 and 2 children (aged 1-8 yrs) scheduled for elective surgery with general anesthesia. Simultaneous NIBP measurements were ...
Barbic Franca F 1Humanitas Clinical and Research Center, Rozzano, Milan, - - 2014
Motor impairment in Parkinson's disease (PD) is partly due to defective central processing of lower limbs afferents. Concomitant alterations in cardiovascular autonomic control leading to orthostatic hypotension may worsen motor ability. We evaluated whether mechanical activation of feet sensory afferents could improve gait and modify the response of cardiovascular autonomic ...
Bonnet Xavier X 1PROTEOR, St Apollinaire, - - 2014
Background:It is always a challenge to rehabilitate geriatric amputees to perform self-care skills at home with limited ambulation. A new geriatric foot (with a lower effective foot length) has been specifically designed to reduce residual limb stress and to ease the step completion.Objectives:The aim of this study is to evaluate ...
Ko Sae Hee SH Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, Sulpizio Cardiovascular Center, 7404 Medical Center Drive, Mail Code 7403, La Jolla, CA - - 2013
The ankle-brachial systolic pressure index (ABI) is an underutilized, easy-to-perform, physiologic test to diagnosis atherosclerotic lower-limb arterial occlusive disease. Testing requires a sphygmomanometer and continuous-wave Doppler probe to measure the ratio of ankle and brachial systolic blood pressures. The ABI measurement has been standardized by use of the highest ankle ...
Chen Da-Wei DW Department of Orthopaedics, Tongji Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, - - 2014
To explore the anatomy of the plantar aponeurosis (PA) and its biomechanical effects on the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint and foot arch. Anatomic parameters (length, width and thickness of each central PA bundle and the main body of the central part) were measured in 8 cadaveric specimens. The ratios of ...
Dinato Roberto C RC University of Sao Paulo, School of Medicine, Physical Therapy, Speech and Occupational Therapy Department, - - 2014
To investigate the relationships between the perception of comfort and biomechanical parameters (plantar pressure and ground reaction force) during running with four different types of cushioning technology in running shoes. Randomized repeated measures. Twenty-two men, recreational runners (18-45 years) ran 12km/h with running shoes with four different cushioning systems. Outcome ...
Hahn Thomas T Division of Orthopaedic Rheumatology, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, - - 2014
Background: Although there are several different concepts of hindfoot relief footwear, there are no studies on the extent of pressure reduction to be achieved by this footwear. Therefore, we sought to evaluate the reduction in plantar pressure to be achieved with two different hindfoot relief shoes. Methods: Ten healthy volunteers ...
Su Ho-Ming HM Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan ; Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Municipal Hsiao-Kang Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan ; Faculty of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, - - 2014
Unequal arterial stiffness had been associated with cardiovascular risks. We investigated whether an association existed between unequal arterial stiffness indicated by bilateral brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) difference and ankle-brachial index (ABI), baPWV, echocardiographic parameters and interarm and interankle systolic blood pressure (BP) differences. A total of 1111 patients referred ...
Naito Yutaro Y Graduate School of Health Sciences, Kyushu Nutrition Welfare University, - - 2014
Home-based stroke hemiplegia patients tend to fall easily. Poor toe clearance is reported to be one of the causes of falling, although there are many other related factors. We developed a low-priced insole type portable foot pressure measurement device, and measured the foot pressure distribution and the foot pressure-time curve ...
de Castro Marcelo P MP Centre of Research, Education, Innovation and Intervention in Sport, Faculty of Sports, University of Porto, Rua Dr. Plácido Costa 91, 4200 450 Porto, Portugal ; Department of Physiotherapy, Activity and Human Movement Study Centre, School of Allied Health Science, Polytechnic Institute of Porto, Rua Valente Perfeito 322, 4400-330 Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal ; Porto Biomechanics Laboratory, University of Porto, Rua Dr. Plácido Costa 91, 4200 450 Porto, - - 2014
WalkinSense is a new device designed to monitor walking. The aim of this study was to measure the accuracy and repeatability of the gait analysis performed by the WalkinSense system. Descriptions of values recorded by WalkinSense depicting typical gait in adults are also presented. A bench experiment using the Trublu ...
Spooner Jacob - - 2013
Both experiment and first principles calculations unequivocally indicate that properties of elements and their compounds undergo a tremendous transformation at ultra-high pressures exceeding 1 Mbar due to the fact that the difference between intra- and intermolecular interactions disappears under such conditions. Yet, even at much milder pressures of 50-300 kbar, ...
Zhang Xianyi X Key Laboratory of Leather Chemistry and Engineering of Ministry of Education, Chengdu, PR - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate how the height and material of in-shoe heel lifts affect plantar pressure and center of pressure (COP) trajectory in the medial-lateral direction during walking. Seventeen healthy young male adults were asked to walk along an 8m walkway while wearing a high-cut flat ...
Han Jin-Tae JT Department of Physical Therapy, College of Science, Kyungsung University, Busan, - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to compare the plantar foot pressure and the center of pressure (COP) pathway of normal and flat feet while crossing an obstacle at different heights. Nineteen subjects (10 normal feet, 9 flat feet) participated in this study. The plantar foot surface was divided into ...
Sobhani Sobhan S University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Groningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2013
Rocker profile shoes (rocker shoes) are one of the treatment options of metatarsalgia and forefoot stress fractures. The efficacy of rocker shoes in unloading the forefoot pressure has been shown in walking. In running, however, the effect of rocker shoes on forefoot pressure is unknown. Eighteen healthy female runners participated ...
Angın Salih - - 2013
This study aims to assess whether the plantar pressure, the foot posture index (FPI) and foot size can predict the postural sway velocity in terms of postural stability in unilateral stance. A total of 236 feet of 118 participants (62 males, 56 females; mean age 22.1±3.1 years; range 18 to ...
Fang F F Department of Endocrine and Metabolism, Shanghai First People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China. pyongde@yeah.net - - 2013
To investigate the diagnostic significance of foot plantar pressure distribution abnormalities in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). A total of 107 patients were divided into normal control (28 participants, 56 feet), non-DPN (56 patients, 112 feet), and DPN groups (23 patients, 46 feet). Foot plantar pressure was measured while ...
Chen Yanxi Y Department of Orthopedic Trauma, East Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, 150 Jimo Rd, 200120 Shanghai, China. Electronic address: - - 2013
Currently, the optimal treatment of flatfoot remains inconclusive. Our objectives were to understand the effect of different arthrodeses on maintenance of foot arch and provide experimental basis for rational selection in treatment of flatfoot. Sixteen fresh-frozen cadaver feet amputated above the ankle along with a section of leg were studied ...
Podichetty Jagdeep T - - 2013
In this study, we tested the possibility of calculating permeability of porous scaffolds utilized in soft tissue engineering using pore size and shape. We validated the results using experimental measured pressure drop and simulations with the inclusion of structural deformation. We prepared Polycaprolactone (PCL) and Chitosan-Gelatin (CG) scaffolds by salt ...
Trask Darrin J - - 2013
Symptom relief of recalcitrant metatarsalgia can be achieved through surgical shortening of the affected metatarsal, thus decreasing plantar pressure. Theoretically an oblique metatarsal osteotomy can be oriented distal to proximal (DP) or proximal to distal (PD). We characterized the relationship between the amount of second metatarsal shortening, osteotomy plane, and ...
Carl Hans-Dieter - - 2013
The present study measured the difference in peak plantar pressure between running shoes and soccer shoes in male soccer professionals [mean (SD): age, 23 (4) years; height, 184 (7) cm; weight, 81 (6) kg]. Case series. Institutional study. A total of 19 elite male soccer professionals [mean (SD): age, 23 ...
Oosterlinck M M Department of Surgery and Anaesthesiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Merelbeke, - - 2013
Thus far, pressure-plate analysis has been limited to measurements on a hard surface, whereas equine athletes routinely perform on a deformable substrate. To explore pressure-plate analysis on arena footing. Nonrandomised crossover study using noninvasive techniques. Five sound, unshod ponies were walked and trotted over a pressure plate in 2 different ...
Yoneda J - - 2013
In this study, a newly developed innovative triaxial testing system to investigate strength, deformation behavior, and∕or permeability of gas hydrate bearing-sediments in deep sea is described. Transport of the pressure core from the storage chamber to the interior of the sealing sleeve of a triaxial cell without depressurization was achieved. ...
Potzel Oliver - - 2013
In this work we theoretically investigated the characteristics of the structure of biphenyl at zero temperature. The calculations were carried out with density functional theory using periodic boundary conditions. Semiempirical van der Waals (vdW) corrections were applied. We focused on the phenyl-phenyl dihedral angle and its shift with increasing pressure. ...
Fernández-Seguín Lourdes M - - 2013
In pes cavus, the medial longitudinal arch elevation reduces the contact surface area and consequently increases the corresponding plantar pressure measurements. This poor distribution of loads may produce associated pathology and pain in this or other areas of the body. Normal reference values need to be established in order to ...
Melai Tom - - 2013
Higher plantar pressures play an important role in the development of plantar foot ulceration in diabetic polyneuropathy and earlier studies suggest that higher pressures under the forefoot may be related to a decrease in lower leg muscle strength. Therefore, in this randomised controlled trial we evaluated whether lower-extremity strength training ...
Park Sun-Young - - 2013
In this paper we investigate computationally the transient dynamics of an elastic capsule flowing in a square microchannel with a rectangular constriction, and compare it with that of a droplet. The confinement and expansion dynamics of the fluid flow results in a rich deformation behavior for the capsule, from an ...
Otsuki Takeshi T Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences, Ryutsu Keizai University, 120 Ryugasaki, Ibaraki 301-8555, - - 2013
Chlorella, a unicellular green alga, contains various antioxidants and other nutrients such as amino acids and fiber. Previous studies have reported that supplementation with multiple antioxidants reduces arterial stiffness, a well-established cardiovascular risk factor. We investigated the effects of Chlorella intake on arterial stiffness using a single-blinded, placebo-controlled crossover study ...
Correia Fernando Faria - - 2013
To study the deformation response of three distinct contact lenses with known structures, which served as corneal models, under different chamber pressures using ultra-high-speed (UHS) Scheimpflug imaging. Three hydrophilic contact lenses were mounted on a sealed water chamber with precisely adjustable pressure: TAN-G5X (41% hydroxyethylmethacrylate/glycolmethacrylate, 550 µm thick), TAN-40 (62% ...
Ko Dong Yeol DY Department of Physical Therapy, Seoul hye Rehabilitation Clinic, Republic of - - 2013
[Purpose] This study aimed to determine the most appropriate height for shoe heels by measuring the displacement of the COP (center of pressure) and changes in the distribution of foot pressure after walking in flat (0.5 cm), middle-heeled (4 cm), and high-heeled (9 cm) shoes for 1 hour. [Methods] A ...
Madadi Hojjat - - 2013
Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) is one of the most common materials used for the flow delivery in the microfluidics chips, since it is clear, inert, non-toxic and non-flammable. Its inexpensiveness, straightforward fabrication and biological compatibility have made it a favorite material in the exploratory stages of the bio-microfluidic devices. If small footprint ...
Vaudreuil Nicholas J - - 2013
Posterior tibialis tendon (PTT) dysfunction (PTTD) is associated with adult acquired flatfoot deformity. PTTD is commonly treated with a flexor digitorum longus (FDL) tendon transfer (FDLTT) to the navicular (NAV), medial cuneiform (CUN), or distal residuum of the degraded PTT (rPTT). We assessed the kinetic and kinematic outcomes of these ...
Hudson David - - 2013
Elevated pressures on the plantar surface of the foot increases potential of developing foot ulcers in patients who are at risk. Walking with poles has been shown to reduce ground reaction and joint forces; however the effect on plantar pressures is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine ...
Warne J P - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to compare changes in plantar pressure and force using conventional running shoes (CRS) and minimalist footwear (MFW) pre and post a 4-week MFW familiarization period. Ten female runners (age: 21 ± 2 years; stature: 165.8 ± 4.5 cm; mass: 55.9 ± 3.2 kg) completed two 11 km/h treadmill runs, 24 hours apart, in ...
Manner Virginia W - - 2013
Simple molecules such as HCOOH, or formic acid, are suggested to have played important roles in planetary physics due to their possibility for high pressure and temperature chemistry under impact conditions. In this study, we have investigated the effect of pressure (up to 50 GPa) on H-bonding and reactivity of ...
Mann Robert - - 2013
Running biomechanics has received increasing interest in recent literature on running-related injuries, calling for new, portable methods for large-scale measurements. Our aims were to define running strike pattern based on output of a new pressure-sensitive measurement device, the Runalyser, and to test its validity regarding temporal parameters describing running gait. ...
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