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Schmid Timo - - 2013
A fixed cavovarus foot deformity can be associated with anteromedial ankle arthrosis due to elevated medial joint contact stresses. Supramalleolar valgus osteotomies (SMOT) and lateralizing calcaneal osteotomies (LCOT) are commonly used to treat symptoms by redistributing joint contact forces. In a cavovarus model, the effects of SMOT and LCOT on ...
Phethean Jill - - 2013
Quantifying morphological and functional development in children's feet, and thereby establishing development norms is difficult. In addition to practical challenges of experimentation on children, measurement equipment like plantar pressure (PP) platforms are almost exclusively geared towards adult-sized feet. These PP quantification problems may be exacerbated by typical regional data analysis ...
Verdon James P - - 2013
Geological storage of CO2 that has been captured at large, point source emitters represents a key potential method for reduction of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. However, this technology will only be viable if it can be guaranteed that injected CO2 will remain trapped in the subsurface for thousands of years ...
Periyasamy R - - 2013
Abstract The aim of this study was to explore how foot type affects plantar pressure distribution during standing. In this study, 32 healthy subjects voluntarily participated and the subject feet were classified as: normal feet (n = 23), flat feet (n = 14) and high arch feet (n = 27) according to arch index (AI) values ...
Patry Jérôme - - 2013
Background: Clinical recommendations for the prevention and healing of diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) are somewhat clear. However, assessment and quantification of the mechanical stress responsible for DFU remain complex. Different pressure variables have been described in the literature to better understand plantar tissue stress exposure. This article reviews the role ...
Hillstrom Howard J - - 2013
Background: In a previous pilot study of "cruisers" (nonindependent ambulation), "early walkers" (independent ambulation for 0-5 months), and "experienced walkers" (independent ambulation for 6-12 months), developmental age significantly affected the children's stability when walking and performing functional activities. We sought to examine how shoe structural characteristics affect plantar pressure distribution ...
Gomes Leonardo G - - 2013
The lack of perception in the hindfoot increases the plantar flexion, causing irregular posture due to the foot position, a disability known as equinus foot deformity. A portable device, named baropodometer, that measures the pressure at the forefoot and hindfoot regions was built to help this population in terms of ...
Amemiya Ayumi - - 2013
This cross-sectional observational study is to reveal what kind of gait feature is relevant to elevated segment and its plantar pressure for prevention of diabetic foot ulcers. In 57 diabetic patients, the relationship between elevated plantar pressure and gait features was analyzed. To conduct this investigation, a simultaneous measurement system ...
Oh Irvin I Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY 14620, - - 2013
Lateral column lengthening (LCL) of the calcaneus is commonly performed as part of correction of the adult acquired flatfoot deformity. Increases in postoperative lateral plantar pressure associated with pain in the lateral aspect of the foot have been reported. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in pressures ...
García-Pérez José A - - 2013
The differences produced when running on a treadmill vs overground may call into question the use and validity of the treadmill as a piece of equipment commonly used in research, training, and rehabilitation. The aim of the present study was to analyze under pre/post fatigue conditions the effect of treadmill ...
Chapman J D - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus on the precise rocker shoe outsole design that will optimally reduce plantar pressure in people with diabetes. This study aimed to understand how peak plantar pressure is influenced by systematically varying three design features which characterise a curved rocker shoe: apex angle, apex position and ...
Ross Scott E SE Department of Kinesiology, University of North Carolina-Greensboro, Greensboro, NC 27412, USA. - - 2013
Stochastic resonance stimulation (SRS) administered at an optimal intensity could maximize the effects of treatment on balance. To determine if a customized optimal SRS intensity is better than a traditional SRS protocol (applying the same percentage sensory threshold intensity for all participants) for improving double- and single-legged balance in participants ...
Hatala Kevin G - - 2013
Fossil footprints preserve the only direct evidence of the external foot morphologies and gaits of extinct hominin taxa. However, their interpretation requires an understanding of the complex interaction among foot anatomy, foot function, and soft sediment mechanics. We applied an experimental approach aimed at understanding how one measure of foot ...
Alimerzaloo Farnaz - - 2013
Background:Heel clearance and ankle status (free or locked) are of major determinants affecting peak plantar pressures and contact area in patellar tendon bearing brace and have been separately studied by many researchers. This study investigated the combined effect of ankle status and heel clearance on contact area and peak plantar ...
Desilva Jeremy M - - 2013
The absence of a midtarsal break has long been regarded as a derived feature of the human foot. Humans possess a rigid midfoot that acts as an efficient lever during the propulsive phase of bipedal gait. Non-human primates, in contrast, have a more mobile midfoot that is adaptive for tree ...
Fernández-Seguín Lourdes María - - 2013
Background: Pes cavus is a structural deformity in which the increased plantar arch can lead to greater metatarsal verticality with the consequent excess of pressure under the forefoot zone (especially the metatarsal zone), causing pain and significant loss of functional capacity. We sought to determine whether neuromuscular stretching with symmetrical ...
Krawczynska Agnieszka Teresa - - 2013
In the present study, the high pressure torsion (HPT) was used to refine the grain structure down to the nanometer scale in an austenitic stainless steel. The principles of HPT lay on torsional deformation under simultaneous high pressure of the specimen, which results in substantial reduction in the grain size. ...
Kim Myoung-Kwon MK Department of Physical Therapy, Youngsan - - 2013
[Purpose] This study determined the difference between flat feet and normal feet of humans at different gait velocities using electromyography (EMG) and foot pressure analysis. [Subjects] This study was conducted on 30 adults having normal feet (N = 15) and flat feet (N = 15), all of whom were 21 ...
Fitzgerald Ryan H - - 2013
Plantar pressure measurements have long been used by clinicians to provide information regarding potential impairments and disorders of the foot and ankle. Elevations in peak plantar pressures or a poor distribution of these pressures can be an indication of pathomechanics in the foot. Lower extremity deficits such as sensory impairment, ...
Goffar Stephen L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Lower extremity overuse injuries are detrimental to military readiness. Extremes of arch height and heavy loads carried by military personnel are associated with increased risk for overuse injury. Little is known regarding the impact of load carriage on plantar pressure distributions during gait. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine ...
Wohlfahrt Peter - - 2013
While determinants of aortic pulse wave velocity (aPWV) are well known, much less is known about factors affecting lower-extremity pulse wave velocity (lePWV). Unlike aPWV, increased lePWV does not predict cardiovascular risk, but limits lower-extremity blood flow and is associated with increased left ventricular mass. The aim of this study ...
Koura Akihide - - 2013
The static and dynamic properties of liquid ZnCl2 under pressure are investigated by ab initio molecular-dynamics simulations. The pressure range covers ambient to approximately 80 GPa. The ZnCl4 tetrahedra, which are rather stable at ambient pressure, are shown to deform and collapse with increasing pressure while maintaining an almost constant ...
Raterron Paul - - 2013
The deformation-DIA apparatus (D-DIA) coupled with synchrotron X-rays allows investigating materials elastic and plastic properties at high pressure. Most D-DIA deformation cells use alumina pistons that can also be used for measurement of the differential stress in the compression column by in situ X-ray diffraction. Here, we quantify the axial ...
Bates K T KT Evolutionary Morphology and Biomechanics Research Group, Department of Musculoskeletal Biology, Institute of Aging and Chronic Disease, University of Liverpool, , Sherrington Building, Ashton Street, Liverpool, UK. - - 2013
Footprints are the most direct source of evidence about locomotor biomechanics in extinct vertebrates. One of the principal suppositions underpinning biomechanical inferences is that footprint geometry correlates with dynamic foot pressure, which, in turn, is linked with overall limb motion of the trackmaker. In this study, we perform the first ...
Drake M J P - - 2013
Upper-arm non-invasive blood pressure measurement during caesarean section can be uncomfortable and unreliable because of movement artefact in the conscious parturient. We aimed to determine whether ankle blood pressure measurement could be used instead in this patient group by comparing concurrent arm and ankle blood pressure measured throughout elective caesarean ...
Rice Hannah - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Ankle inversion injury is common in military populations but associated biomechanical risk factors are largely unknown. This prospective study examined the association between pressure and kinematic variables, and ankle inversion injury risk in Royal Marine (RM) recruits. It was hypothesised that a more medially concentrated pressure at the heel-off ...
Escamilla-Martínez Elena - - 2013
Background: Fatigue due to running has been shown to contribute to changes in plantar pressure distribution. However, little is known about changes in foot posture after running. We sought to compare the Foot Posture Index before and after moderate exercise and to relate any changes to plantar pressure patterns. Methods: ...
Khoury Mona - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Footwear-generated biomechanical manipulations have been shown to alter lower limb kinetics. It has been suggested that this is due to altered trajectory of the foot's center of pressure (COP), conveying a shift in location of the ground reaction force and modifying moments and forces acting on proximal body segments. ...
Hafer Jocelyn F JF Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY, USA. - - 2013
Plantar pressure measurement is common practice in many research and clinical protocols. While the accuracy of some plantar pressure measuring devices and methods for ensuring consistency in data collection on plantar pressure measuring devices have been reported, the reliability of different devices when testing the same individuals is not known. ...
Kain Kirti - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To study ethnic differences in ankle pressures in South Asians versus Europeans and in those with and without diabetes mellitus (DM). DESIGN: Case control. SETTING: Primary care. PARTICIPANTS: 391(DM=154) South Asian and 252(DM=72) European adults. INTERVENTION: None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Systolic blood pressure of the left (L) and right ...
Mosti G - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Elastic compression stockings exerting a progressive pressure, higher at the calf than at the ankle (progressive elastic compression stockings, PECS), have already proved to be more comfortable, easier to put on and more effective in improving venous pumping function compared to graduated compression elastic stockings (GECS). Nevertheless, PECS could ...
Keijsers N L W - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Plantar pressure is widely used to evaluate foot complaints. However, most plantar pressure studies focus on the symptomatic foot with foot deformities. The purposes of this study were to investigate subjects without clear foot deformities and to identify differences in plantar pressure pattern between subjects with and without forefoot ...
Alentorn-Geli Eduard - - 2013
Background:The correlation between angle of fusion of the first metatarsophalangeal (1MTTP) joint and pressures under metatarsal heads and hallux has not been well characterized. The main purpose was to investigate the correlation between fusion dorsiflexion angle of the 1MTTP joint and plantar pressures under the first metatarsal head and hallux ...
Telfer Scott - - 2013
Customised foot orthoses (FOs) featuring extrinsic rearfoot posting are commonly prescribed for individuals with a symptomatic pronated foot type. By altering the angle of the posting it is purported that a controlled dose-response effect during the stance phase of gait can be achieved, however these biomechanical changes have yet to ...
Yilmazer H - - 2013
The effect of high-pressure torsion (HPT) processing on the microstructure and mechanical biocompatibility includes Young's modulus, tensile strength, ductility, fatigue life, fretting fatigue, wear properties and other functionalities such as super elasticity and shape memory effect, etc. at levels suitable for structural biomaterials used in implants that replace hard tissue ...
Hietanen Heikki - - 2013
Ankle blood pressure may be a useful indicator of arterial stiffness. The main aim of the present study was to examine the relationship of ankle blood pressure measured in midlife with the risk of dementia with advancing age. A secondary aim was to examine the relationship of physical exercise capacity ...
Hawkins Richard Nelson - - 2013
Abstract The effects of stance angle on postural stability and shooting processes were studied using eight national-standard male air-pistol shooters. Each shooter performed 60 shots each in four stance angles (0°, 15°, 30° and 45° from the line of fire). Postural stability was determined by measuring change in centre of ...
Xia Jiang - - 2013
Background: Lengthening of the lateral column by means of the Evans osteotomy is commonly used for reconstruction of adult and pediatric flatfoot. However, some reports have shown that the Evans osteotomy is linked with increased calcaneocuboid joint pressures and an increased risk of arthritis in the joint. The purpose of ...
Stolwijk Niki M - - 2013
In contrast to western countries, foot complaints are rare in Africa. This is remarkable, as many African adults walk many hours each day, often barefoot or with worn-out shoes. The reason why Africans can withstand such loading without developing foot complaints might be related to the way the foot is ...
Trégouët Paul - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of different footwear on plantar loading in Irish dance. Participants were 12 open class dancers (the highest level) who were actively engaged in Irish dance competition. Subjects had a mean of 9.2 ± 2.1 years of experience in Irish dance. ...
Shetty Ranjan - - 2013
Ankle edema is a common adverse effect of amlodipine, an L-type calcium channel blocker (CCB). Cilnidipine is a newer L/N-type CCB, approved for treatment of essential hypertension. This study was designed to determine whether cilnidipine can produce resolution of amlodipine-induced edema while maintaining adequate control of hypertension. A prospective study ...
Schulze Christoph - - 2013
Background. The wearing of personal equipment can cause specific changes in muscle activity and posture. In the present study, we investigated the influence of differences in equipment related weight loading and load distribution on plantar pressure. In addition, we studied functional effects of wearing different equipment with a particular focus ...
Zhang Yihong - - 2013
This study examined the effects of combined traditional Chinese physical and mental exercises on the blood pressure of adult female hypertensive patients. Twenty female hypertensive patients aged between 50 and 60 years voluntarily participated in the study. The participants performed the combined exercises for 24 weeks, twice a week, and ...
Huang Rong - - 2013
Background and aims: Large artery stiffness and endothelial dysfunction are the predominant characteristic of isolated systolic hypertension. Recently studies have revealed MMP1, 3, 9 and TIMP3 Genes polymorphism were associated with arterial stiffness, but the relationship with isolated systolic hypertension were not further studied. This study was to investigate the ...
Lin Tung-Liang - - 2013
Removable plug insoles appear to be beneficial for patients with diabetic neuropathic feet to offload local plantar pressure. However, quantitative evidence of pressure reduction by means of plug removal is limited. The value of additional insole accessories, such as arch additions, has not been tested. The purpose of this study ...
Zhang Zhihong - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of interankle systolic blood pressure difference (sIAND) and its influencing factors in community population. This study included 2849 (65.1±9.4 y) subjects. Blood pressure (BPs) of four limbs was simultaneously measured with 4 electronic sphygmomanometers after 10 min rest in supine ...
Sawacha Zimi - - 2013
An article by Ferber and coauthors in Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology reported on the ability of a novel in-shoe plantar sensory replacement unit (PSRU) to provide alert-based feedback derived from analyzing plantar pressure (PP) threshold measurements in real time. The study aimed at comparing the PSRU device to ...
Ferber Reed - - 2013
Research concerning prevention of diabetic foot complications is critical. A novel in-shoe plantar sensory replacement unit (PSRU) has been developed that provides alert-based feedback derived from analyzing plantar pressure threshold measurements in real time. The purpose of this study was to compare the PSRU device to a gold standard pressure-sensing ...
Robinson Caroline Cabral - - 2013
Since elevated mechanical stress along with loss of plantar protective sensation are considered relevant factors in skin breakdown resulting in diabetic foot ulcerations, the assessment of plantar pressure is important for the prevention of diabetic foot complications. Prediabetes subjects are at risk of chronic hyperglycemia complications, among them neuropathy, but ...
Bates Karl T - - 2013
Fossil evidence for longitudinal arches in the foot is frequently used to constrain the origins of terrestrial bipedality in human ancestors. This approach rests on the prevailing concept that human feet are unique in functioning with a relatively stiff lateral mid-foot, lacking the significant flexion and high plantar pressures present ...
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