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Results 201 - 250 of 1557
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Suzuki Yoshihisa - - 2010
A standalone-type beryllium (Be) high-pressure crystallography vessel has been developed. Using a coupler-joint unit and a pressure valve, we could keep the pressure in the vessel constant at 100+/-1 MPa for more than 24 h without connecting to a pressure-generating apparatus. Diffraction spots of a glucose isomerase (GI) crystal under ...
Grinberg L - - 2011
We compare results from numerical simulations of pulsatile blood flow in two patient-specific intracranial arterial networks using one-dimensional (1D) and three-dimensional (3D) models. Specifically, we focus on the pressure and flowrate distribution at different segments of the network computed by the two models. Results obtained with 1D and 3D models ...
Steelman Samantha M - - 2010
Recent studies have renewed interest in the effects of perivascular tethering on vascular mechanics, particularly growth and remodeling. We quantified effects of axial and circumferential tethering on rabbit pial arterioles from the ventral occipital lobe of the brain. The homeostatic axial pre-stretch, which is influenced by perivascular tethering, was measured ...
Günther Axel - - 2010
Although pathologic changes to the structure and function of small blood vessels are hallmarks of various cardiovascular diseases, limitations of conventional investigation methods (i.e. pressure myography) have prohibited a comprehensive understanding of the underlying mechanisms. We developed a microfluidic device to facilitate assessment of resistance artery structure and function under ...
Pires Paulo Wagner PW Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA. - - 2010
Increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) production is involved in the pathogenesis of hypertension and stroke. The effects of ROS on cerebral vessels from hypertensive rats have not been studied. We hypothesized that tempol, a superoxide dismutase mimetic, would prevent middle cerebral artery (MCA) remodeling in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP). ...
Telinius Niklas - - 2010
The current study characterizes the mechanical properties of the human thoracic duct and demonstrates a role for adrenoceptors, thromboxane, and endothelin receptors in human lymph vessel function. With ethical permission and informed consent, portions of the thoracic duct (2-5 cm) were resected and retrieved at T(7)-T(9) during esophageal and cardia ...
Ring Andrej - - 2010
The effect of cold low-pressure plasma treatment on neovascularization of a dermis substitute was evaluated in a mouse model. Collagen-elastin matrices (Matriderm(®)) were used as scaffolds. Low-pressure argon/hydrogene plasma-treated scaffolds were transplanted into the dorsal skinfold chambers of balb/c mice (group 1, n=10). Untreated scaffolds served as controls (group 2, ...
Ler A S H - - 2010
The state-dependent portion of cardio-vagal baroreflex control is called baroreflex hyteresis: we observe hysteresis when RR interval and carotid diameter depend on both the direction and value of arterial pressure. The elasticity of arterial walls, as well as the responsiveness of central command reset controls the real-time pattern of neural ...
Wagenseil Jessica E - - 2010
Elastin is an essential component of vertebrate arteries that provides elasticity and stores energy during the cardiac cycle. Elastin production in the arterial wall begins midgestation but increases rapidly during the last third of human and mouse development, just as blood pressure and cardiac output increase sharply. The aim of ...
Marelli Benedetto - - 2010
Processing silk fibroin (SF) by electrospinning offers a very attractive opportunity for producing three-dimensional nanofibrillar matrices in tubular form, which may be useful for a biomimetic approach to small calibre vessel regeneration. Bypass grafting of small calibre vessels, with a diameter less than 6mm, is performed mainly using autografts, like ...
Rahmouni Kamal - - 2010
Obesity increases cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in part by inducing hypertension. One factor linking excess fat mass to cardiovascular diseases may be the sympathetic cardiovascular actions of leptin. Initial studies of leptin showed it regulates appetite and enhances energy expenditure by activating sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) to thermogenic brown adipose ...
Heagerty Anthony M - - 2010
It has been known for some considerable time that sustained hypertension changes the circulatory architecture both in the heart and blood vessels. The histopathological alterations are of considerable interest because once they have developed they appear to carry an adverse prognostic risk. In the heart it is apparent that there ...
Alessandri N - - 2010
The hysto-morfological composition of the ascending aorta wall gives to the vessel its characteristic elasticity/distensibility, which is deteriorated due to both physiological (age) and pathological events (hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia). This contributes to reduce the wall elasticity and to occurrence of cardiovascular events. Thirty young healthy subjects (20 males, 10 females, ...
Heitmar Rebekka - - 2010
To establish an alternative method, sequential and diameter response analysis (SDRA), to determine dynamic retinal vessel responses and their time course in serial stimulation compared with the established method of averaged diameter responses and standard static assessment. SDRA focuses on individual time and diameter responses, taking into account the fluctuation ...
Lillie M A - - 2010
Uniaxial and biaxial mechanical properties of purified elastic tissue from the proximal thoracic aorta were studied to understand physiological load distributions within the arterial wall. Stress-strain behaviour was non-linear in uniaxial and inflation tests. Elastic tissue was 40% stiffer in the circumferential direction compared to axial in uniaxial tests and ...
Hassona Mohamed D H - - 2010
Increased mechanical stress/hypertension in the vessel wall triggers the hypertrophic signaling pathway, resulting in structural remodeling of vasculature. Vascular hypertrophy of resistance vessels leads to reduced compliance and elevation of blood pressure. We showed before that increased expression of profilin1 protein in the medial layer of the aorta induces stress ...
Aladin Darwesh M K - - 2010
Collagen fibrils are the main structural components of the nucleus pulposus tissue in the intervertebral discs. The structure-property relationship of the nucleus pulposus (NP) tissues is still unclear. We investigated the structure of individual collagen fibrils of the NP and evaluated its correlation with the bulk mechanical properties of the ...
Pressler Axel - - 2010
Patients after coarctation repair still have an increased risk of cardiovascular or cerebrovascular events. This has been explained by the persisting hypertension and alterations in the peripheral vessels. However, involvement of the central vessels such as the retinal arteries is virtually unknown. A total of 34 patients after coarctation repair ...
Matrai M - - 2010
Hypertension causes small vessel remodeling, vasomotor alterations. We investigated diameter, tone and mechanics of intramural small coronaries of female rats that received chronic angiotensin treatment to induce hypertension.Angiotensin II infusion (AII, 100 ng/bwkg/min, sc.) was used to establish hypertension in 10 female rats. Other 10 rats served as controls. Following ...
Wang Yutang - - 2010
Control of blood vessel tone is central to vascular homeostasis. Here we show that metabolism of tryptophan to kynurenine by indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (Ido) expressed in endothelial cells contributes to arterial vessel relaxation and the control of blood pressure. Infection of mice with malarial parasites (Plasmodium berghei) or induction of endotoxemia ...
Baek Eun Bok - - 2010
Mechanosensitive nonselective cation channels (NSC(ms)), protein kinase C (PKC), and Rho kinase (ROCK) are suggested as underlying mechanisms for the myogenic contractile response (MR) to luminal pressure (P(lum)). Here we compared relative contributions from these mechanisms using pharmacological inhibitors in rabbit middle cerebral (RbCA), rat middle cerebral (RtCA), rat femoral ...
Funamoto Seiichi - - 2010
A decellularization method using high-hydrostatic pressure (HHP) technology (>600MPa) is described. The HHP disrupts the cells inside the tissue. The cell debris can be eliminated with a simple washing process, producing clean, decellularized tissue. In this study, porcine aortic blood vessel was decellularized by HHP. The mechanical properties and in ...
Klein Ronald - - 2010
To examine the relationship of blood pressure (BP) and use of angiotensin-receptor blocker or angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor to retinal vessel diameter in normotensive, normoalbuminuric persons with type 1 diabetes mellitus. In a randomized, controlled clinical trial, clinic and 24-hour ambulatory BPs were measured in persons with type 1 diabetes mellitus ...
Kim Sang-Heon - - 2010
Tissue-engineered vascular grafts have been investigated as a substitute for prosthetic vascular grafts. The current scaffolds have several limitations due to weak mechanical properties in withstanding the pressure of blood vessel. A gel-spinning molding device including three-separate drivers that make a cylindrical shaft turn on its axis, orbit, and concurrently ...
N?dasy Gy?rgy L - - 2010
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To identify the relationship between systemic and local hemodynamics, as well as segmental biomechanical properties in a musculocutaneous resistance artery during angiotensin-II hypertension and its recovery. METHODS: Rats were infused with angiotensin-II using implanted osmotic minipumps (ALZET 2ML4, 150 ng/kg/min) for 4 weeks. Measurements were made either immediately following ...
Park Dae Woo - - 2010
The nonlinear mechanical properties of internal organs and tissues may be measured with unparalleled precision using ultrasound imaging with phase-sensitive speckle tracking. The many potential applications of this important noninvasive diagnostic approach include measurement of arterial stiffness, which is associated with numerous major disease processes. The accuracy of previous ultrasound ...
Luo Di-xian - - 2010
Intimal hyperplasia plays an important role in various types of vascular remodeling. Mechanical forces derived from blood flow are associated with the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). This contributes to many vascular disorders such as hypertension, atherosclerosis and restenosis after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA). In this study, we ...
Safar M E - - 2010
Physiologically, macro- and microcirculation differ markedly as macrocirculation deals with pulsatile pressure and flow and microcirculation with steady pressure and flow. Various such haemodynamic aspects correspond to a large heterogeneity in the structure and function of the vascular tree. In the past, diseases such as hypertension and diabetes mellitus were ...
Kawasaki Ryo - - 2009
To describe the prospective relationship of retinal vessel diameters with risk of hypertension in a multiethnic population-based cohort. The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis is a population-based study of subclinical cardiovascular disease among white, African-American, Hispanic, and Chinese American adults aged 45-84 years. Retinal vessel diameters were measured using a standardized ...
Sharif-Naeini Reza - - 2009
Autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease, the most frequent monogenic cause of kidney failure, is induced by mutations in the PKD1 or PKD2 genes, encoding polycystins TRPP1 and TRPP2, respectively. Polycystins are proposed to form a flow-sensitive ion channel complex in the primary cilium of both epithelial and endothelial cells. However, how ...
Lawrence Amanda R - - 2009
Arterial axial strains, present in the in vivo environment, often become reduced due to either bypass grafting or the normal aging process. Since the prevalence of hypertension increases with aging, arteries are often exposed to both decreased axial stretch and increased transmural pressure. The combined effects of these mechanical stimuli ...
Sidorov V A - - 2009
We synthesized tetragonal α-FeSe by melting a powder mixture of iron and selenium at high pressure. Subsequent annealing at normal pressure results in removing traces of hexagonal β-FeSe, formation of a rather sharp transition to a superconducting state at T(c)∼7 K, and the appearance of a magnetic transition near T(M) = ...
Zhang Ye - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To realize atraumatic vessel occlusion, a new hemostatic clamp using superelastic shape memory alloy (SMA) as a pressure control limiter has been proposed. It was designed taking advantage of a unique mechanical property of SMA. The ability to control pressure with the newly designed SMA clamp was investigated. The ...
Guan Zhengrong - - 2009
The mechanotransduction mechanism underlying the myogenic response is poorly understood, but evidence implicates participation of epithelial sodium channel (ENaC)-like proteins. Therefore, the role of ENaC on the afferent arteriolar myogenic response was investigated in vitro using the blood-perfused juxtamedullary nephron technique. Papillectomy was used to isolate myogenic influences by eliminating ...
Jeganathan V Swetha E - - 2009
Blood pressure has a significant effect on retinal arterioles. There are few data on whether this effect varies by race/ethnicity. We examined the relationship of blood pressure and retinal vascular caliber in a multi-ethnic Asian population. The study is population-based and cross sectional in design. A total of 3749 Chinese, ...
Xiao DaLiao - - 2009
Cocaine abuse is a significant problem among pregnant women. The present study tested the hypothesis that prenatal cocaine exposure impairs myogenic reactivity of coronary arteries in adult offspring. Pregnant rats received cocaine (30 mg kg(-1) day(-1)) or saline from days 15 to 21 of gestational age, and experiments were conducted ...
Wagenseil Jessica E - - 2009
An important factor in the transition from an open to a closed circulatory system was a change in vessel wall structure and composition that enabled the large arteries to store and release energy during the cardiac cycle. The component of the arterial wall in vertebrates that accounts for these properties ...
Xie Hui - - 2010
Hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) associated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation disrupts cerebral autoregulation. However, the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. The present study was designed to investigate the role of sensory C-fibers in myogenic responsiveness of cerebral arteries. Arterial diameter and intraluminal pressure were simultaneously measured in vitro on rat posterior cerebral arteries. ...
VanLandingham Lauren G - - 2009
Recent studies suggest certain epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC) proteins may be components of mechanosensitive ion channel complexes in vascular smooth muscle cells that contribute to pressure-induced constriction in middle cerebral arteries (MCA). However, the role of a specific ENaC protein, betaENaC, in pressure-induced constriction of MCAs has not been determined. ...
Hill Michael A - - 2009
The arteriolar myogenic response, which is defined as vasoconstriction to increases in intraluminal pressure and, conversely, dilation to a reduction in pressure, is key in the setting of vascular resistance, local control of microvascular blood flow through autoregulation, and in the control of capillary hydrostatic pressure. Although considerable progress has ...
Zamir Mair - - 2009
The dynamics of blood supply to a vascular bed depend on lumped mechanical properties of that bed, namely the compliance (C), resistance (R), viscoelasticity (K), and inertance (L). While the study of regulatory mechanisms has so far placed the emphasis largely on R, it is not known how the remaining ...
Agabiti-Rosei Enrico - - 2009
Although it is recognized that the cause of hypertension can be various, once blood pressure has become established structural changes emerge in the systemic vasculature. In medium- and large-sized vessels, as in the left ventricle, there is clear histological evidence of hypertrophy of the medial smooth muscle layers but, downstream ...
Truslow James G - - 2009
This computational study analyzes how to design a drainage system for porous scaffolds so that the scaffolds can be vascularized and perfused without collapse of the vessel lumens. We postulate that vascular transmural pressure--the difference between lumenal and interstitial pressures--must exceed a threshold value to avoid collapse. Model geometries consisted ...
Pemp Berthold - - 2009
OBJECTIVE Flicker-induced vasodilatation is reduced in patients with vascular-related diseases, which has at least partially been attributed to endothelial dysfunction of retinal vessels. Currently, the standard method to assess endothelial function in vivo is flow-mediated vasodilatation (FMD). Thus, the present study was performed to investigate whether a correlation exists between ...
Lawrence Amanda R - - 2009
Physiological axial strains range between 40 and 60% in arteries, resulting in stresses comparable to those due to normal blood pressure or flow. To investigate the contribution of axial strain to arterial remodeling and function, porcine carotid arteries were cultured for 9 days at physiological and reduced axial stretch ratios ...
Withers S B - - 2009
Pregnancy-induced changes in uterine artery function play a critical role in ensuring adequate placental perfusion. Responses of these vessels to pressure (myogenic responsiveness) may contribute to this. The overall myogenic properties of uterine arteries may depend upon the integration of a number of different factors, including effects of pre-constrictor stimuli, ...
Rachev Alexander - - 2009
This study proposes a mathematical model for studying stability of arteries subjected to a longitudinal extension and a periodic pressure. An artery was considered as a straight composite beam comprised of an external thick-walled tube and a fluid core. The dynamic criterion for stability was used, based on analyzing the ...
Tschan C A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Waterjet dissection represents a useful technique for many surgical procedures. In this experimental study, the technical features and dissection qualities of the new Erbejet 2 with its new pump and nozzle applicator system are evaluated for its neurosurgical use compared to the established Helix Hydro-Jet. METHODS: One hundred twenty-six ...
Kölegård Roger - - 2009
Displacement of blood to the lower portion of the body that follows a postural transition from recumbent to erect is augmented by a prolonged period of recumbency (bedrest). Information is scarce as to what extent this augmented blood-volume shift to dependent veins is attributable to increased distensibility of the veins. ...
Neuschmelting Volker - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Vasopressor-induced hypertension is routinely indicated for prevention and treatment of cerebral vasospasm (CVS) after subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). Mechanisms underlying patients' clinical improvement during vasopressor-induced hypertension remain incompletely understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate angiographic effects of normovolaemic Norepinephrine (NE)-induced hypertension therapy on the rabbit basilar artery ...
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