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Dupont Matthias - - 2013
AIMS: 'Worsening renal function' (WRF) and 'improvement in renal function' (IRF) monitored by changes in serum creatinine are frequently encountered during treatment of acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). We sought to establish the important haemodynamic determinants of alterations in serum creatinine. METHODS AND RESULTS: We reviewed data from 443 patients ...
Krzych Lukasz J - - 2013
Blood pressure variability (BPV) is a classical physiological phenomenon. This paper describes major epidemiological and clinical issues of BPV which may be important to understand the background of this interesting feature. In healthy subjects, BPV is a measure of hemodynamic condition and refl ects function of autonomic nervous system. BP ...
Tirilomis Theodor - - 2013
The mortality rate of neonatal piglets after heart surgery is high. Searching for a possible explanation for the death of neonatal piglets early after cardiopulmonary bypass, we analyzed hemodynamic parameters regarding survival and non-survival. Initially, 10 neonatal piglets (younger than 7 days) were connected to cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). The mean ...
Bauer Michael - - 2013
Small animal models of afterload stress have contributed much to our present understanding of the progression from hypertension to heart failure. High-sensitivity methods for phenotyping cardiac function in vivo, particular in the setting of compensated cardiac hypertrophy, may add new information regarding alterations in cardiac performance that can occur even ...
Miles Steven C - - 2013
Context Yoga is qualitatively different from any other mode of physical activity in that it consists of a unique combination of isometric muscular contractions, stretching exercises, relaxation techniques, and breathing exercises. In particular, yoga postures consist of systemic isometric contractions that are known to elicit marked increases in mean blood ...
Calligaris Sebastián Dante - - 2013
Dobutamine is a β-adrenergic agonist with an affinity higher for receptor expressed in the heart (β1) than for receptors expressed in the arteries (β2). When systemically administered, it increases cardiac demand. Thus, dobutamine unmasks abnormal rhythm or ischemic areas potentially at risk of infarction. Monitoring of heart function during a ...
Freling Hendrik G - - 2013
To investigate to what extent cardiac MRI derived measurements of right ventricular (RV) volumes using the left ventricular (LV) end-systolic and end-diastolic frame misrepresent RV end-systolic and end-diastolic volumes in patients with tetralogy of Fallot (ToF) and a right bundle branch block. Sixty-five cardiac MRI scans of patients with ToF ...
Noda Akiko - - 2013
Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) causes hypoxemia, negative intrathoracic pressure, and frequent arousal, contributing to increased cardiovascular disease mortality and morbidity. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is linked to hypertension, ischemic heart disease, and cardiac arrhythmias. Successful continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment has a beneficial effect on hypertension and improves the ...
Hill Labarron K - - 2013
Efficient functioning of the peripheral vasculature is an essential component in healthy cardiovascular regulation. Alterations in this functioning have been linked to the etiology and pathophysiological course of cardiovascular disease (CVD), especially hypertension. Given its significant role in the maintenance of both healthy and pathological blood pressure, total peripheral resistance ...
Mason Heather - - 2013
Slow breathing increases cardiac-vagal baroreflex sensitivity (BRS), improves oxygen saturation, lowers blood pressure, and reduces anxiety. Within the yoga tradition slow breathing is often paired with a contraction of the glottis muscles. This resistance breath "ujjayi" is performed at various rates and ratios of inspiration/expiration. To test whether ujjayi had ...
Carraro Mattia - - 2013
The mammalian ear has an extraordinary capacity to detect very low-level acoustic signals from the environment. Sound pressures as low as a few μ Pa (-10 dB SPL) can activate cochlear hair cells. To achieve this sensitivity, biological noise has to be minimized including that generated by cardiovascular pulsation. Generally, cardiac ...
Lim Ki Moo - - 2013
To quantify the reduction in workload during intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) therapy, indirect parameters are used, such as the mean arterial pressure during diastole, product of heart rate and peak systolic pressure, and pressure-volume area. Therefore, we investigated the cardiac energy consumption during IABP therapy using a cardiac electromechanics model. ...
Dai Jia - - 2013
The inducible IκB kinase (IKKi/IKKε) is a recently described serine-threonine IKK-related kinase. Previous studies have reported the role of IKKi in infectious diseases and cancer. However, its role in the cardiac response to pressure overload remains elusive. In this study, we investigated the effects of IKKi deficiency on the development ...
Gurses Ercan - - 2013
To investigate possible effects of high thoracic epidural anesthesia (HTEA) on mixed venous oxygen saturation (SvO2) in coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABGS) MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty-four patients scheduled for CABGS were randomly assigned to either test (HTEA) or control group. Standard balanced general anesthesia was applied in both groups. ...
Gebremedhin Debebe - - 2013
The present study examined the level of generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and roles of inactivation of the phosphatase PTEN and the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in response to an increase in intramural pressure-induced myogenic cerebral arterial constriction. Step increases in intraluminal pressure of cannulated cerebral arteries induced myogenic constriction ...
Yokota Hajime - - 2013
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is an independent predictor of cardiac mortality, regardless of its etiology. Previous studies have shown that high nocturnal blood pressure (BP) affects LV geometry in hypertensive patients. It has been suggested that continuous pressure overload affects the development of LVH, but it is unknown whether persistent ...
Salgado Diamantino Ribeiro - - 2013
Severe acute arterial hypertension can be associated with significant morbidity and mortality. After excluding a reversible etiology, choice of therapeutic intervention should be based on evaluation of a number of factors, such as age, comorbidities, and other ongoing therapies. A rational pathophysiological approach should then be applied that integrates the ...
Sun Jie - - 2013
To investigate the risk factors involved in radial-femoral artery pressure gradient after cardiac surgery. In this retrospective study, we reviewed 412 cardiac surgeries with both femoral artery pressure and radial artery pressure monitoring before cardiopulmonary bypass. 138 patients had radial-femoral artery pressure gradient after cardiopulmonary bypass (group P) but 263 ...
O'Sullivan Lee - - 2013
Exposure to synthetic glucocorticoids during development can result in later cardiovascular and renal disease in sheep and rats. Although prenatal glucocorticoid exposure is associated with impaired renal development, less is known about effects on the developing heart. This study aimed to examine the effects of a short-term exposure to dexamethasone ...
Nogueira Ricardo C - - 2013
We investigated the effect of handgrip (HG) maneuver on time-varying estimates of dynamic cerebral autoregulation (CA) using the autoregressive moving average technique. Twelve healthy subjects were recruited to perform HG maneuver during 3 minutes with 30% of maximum contraction force. Cerebral blood flow velocity, end-tidal CO2 pressure (PETCO2), and noninvasive ...
Nagpal Sangeeta - - 2013
Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death and disability in women. The incidence of coronary artery disease increases sharply after menopause. Coronary artery disease results from imbalance between myocardial oxygen supply and oxygen demand of the heart. Myocardial oxygen consumption is a helpful indicator of the response of ...
Kanaoka Tomohiko - - 2013
Ambulatory blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) profile are proposed to be related to renal deterioration and cardiovascular complication in hypertension and chronic kidney disease (CKD). In this study, we examined the beneficial effects cilnidipine, a unique L/N-type calcium channel blocker (CCB), in addition to renin-angiotensin system inhibitors, on ...
Vandendriessche Benjamin - - 2013
Sepsis and septic shock are associated with high mortality rates and the majority of sepsis patients die due to complications of multiple organ failure (MOF). The cyclic GMP (cGMP) producing enzyme soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) is crucially involved in the regulation of (micro)vascular homeostasis, cardiac function and, consequently, organ function. ...
Funder John W - - 2013
Spironolactone was first developed over 50 years ago as a potent mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) antagonist with undesirable side effects; it was followed a decade ago by eplerenone, which is less potent but much more MR-specific. From a marginal role as a potassium-sparing diuretic, spironolactone was shown to be an extraordinarily ...
Bassi Estevão - - 2013
There is no consensual definition of refractory shock. The use of more than 0.5 mcg/kg/min of norepinephrine or epinephrine to maintain target blood pressure is often used in clinical trials as a threshold. Nearly 6% of critically ill patients will develop refractory shock, which accounts for 18% of deaths in intensive ...
Xiao N - - 2013
Neonatal systemic hypertension is an underappreciated etiology of cardiac failure. We present a series of three neonates who presented in cardiogenic shock secondary to severe hypertension, recognized after initial resuscitation efforts. Although the underlying etiology of the hypertension varied, all three patients had improved hemodynamics after their blood pressure was ...
Lionetti Vincenzo - - 2013
The real-time and continuous assessment of left ventricular (LV) myocardial contractility through an implanted device is a clinically relevant goal. Transvalvular impedance (TVI) is an impedentiometric signal detected in the right cardiac chambers that changes during stroke volume fluctuations in patients. However, the relationship between TVI signals and LV contractility ...
Rodrigo Ramón R Molecular and Clinical Pharmacology Program, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Chile, Independencia 1027, Casilla 70058, Santiago 7, - - 2013
Cardiovascular diseases are a leading cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide, with hypertension being a major risk factor. Numerous studies support the contribution of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species in the pathogenesis of hypertension, as well as other pathologies associated with ischemia/reperfusion. However, the validation of oxidative stress-related biomarkers in ...
Nespoulet Hugo H INSERM U1042, Grenoble, France ; University Grenoble Alpes, Hypoxia-Physiopathology Laboratory (HP2), Grenoble, - - 2013
Positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) is commonly used in critical care medicine to improve gas exchange. Altitude sickness is associated with exaggerated reduction in arterial oxygenation. We assessed the effect of PEEP and pursed lips breathing (PLB) on arterial and tissue oxygenation under normobaric and hypobaric hypoxic conditions. Sixteen healthy volunteers ...
Eskildsen Tilde V TV Department of Cardiovascular and Renal Research, Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Southern Denmark, DK-5000 Odense, Denmark. - - 2013
MicroRNAs (miRNAs), a group of small non-coding RNAs that fine tune translation of multiple target mRNAs, are emerging as key regulators in cardiovascular development and disease. MiRNAs are involved in cardiac hypertrophy, heart failure and remodeling following cardiac infarction; however, miRNAs involved in hypertension have not been thoroughly investigated. We ...
Park Misun M Department of Cell Biology and Molecular Medicine, Cardiovascular Research Institute, New Jersey Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Newark, NJ 07103, USA. - - 2013
Myocyte apoptosis is considered a major mechanism in the pathogenesis of heart failure. Accordingly, manipulations that inhibit apoptosis are assumed to preserve cardiac function by maintaining myocyte numbers. We tested this assumption by examining the effects of caspase inhibition (CI) on cardiac structure and function in C57BL/6 mouse with pressure ...
Yen Chi-Hua CH Department of Family and Community Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung 40201, Taiwan ; School of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung 40201, Taiwan ; Center for Education and Research on Geriatrics and Gerontology, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung 40201, - - 2013
This study was aimed to investigate the effects of water extracts of Graptopetalum paraguayense (WGP, 4 g/d) on blood pressure, blood glucose level, and lipid profiles in subjects with metabolic syndrome (MS). Participants with MS (n = 54) were randomly assigned to the placebo (n = 28) and WGP groups (n ...
Tiwari Shuchita S Department of Physiology, University of Saskatchewan College of Medicine, 107 Wiggins Road, Saskatoon, SK, Canada S7N - - 2013
Although many obese individuals are normoglycemic and asymptomatic of cardiometabolic complications, this apparent healthy state may be a misnomer. Since heart failure is a major cause of mortality in obesity, we investigated the effects of heme-oxygenase (HO) on heart failure and cardiometabolic complications in obese normoglycemic Zucker-fatty rats (ZFs). Treatment ...
Liu Shouting S Protein Modification and Degradation Laboratory, Department of Pathophysiology, Guangzhou Medical University Guangdong 510182, - - 2013
Cardiac hypertrophy is a common response of the heart to a variety of cardiovascular stimuli. Pathological cardiac hypertrophy eventually leads to heart failure. Gambogic acid (GA) is a main active ingredient isolated from the gamboge resin of Garcinia hanburyi trees and has potent anti-tumor and anti-inflammatory effects that are associated ...
Behnia Mehrdad M Georgia Health Sciences University, Augusta, GA. ; Doctors Hospital, Augusta, GA. ; School of Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering, The University of Sydney, Sydney, - - 2013
Stroke volume (SV) is a parameter that is being recognized as an endpoint in fluid resuscitation algorithms. Its role is now being realized as an important variable in hemodynamic assessment in various clinical scenarios such as septic and cardiogenic shocks. Direct measurement of stroke volume (SV) and its novel corollary, ...
Pucci Giacomo G Clinical Pharmacology Unit, University of Cambridge & Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, UK. - - 2013
The Vicorder is a new brachial cuff-based device that estimates central blood pressure (cBP) using a brachial-to-aortic transfer function. The aim of this study was to evaluate cBP estimated by the Vicorder. During cardiac angiography, cBP estimated by the Vicorder and the SphygmoCor was evaluated against simultaneous invasive cBP in ...
Franquni João Vicente Maggioni - - 2012
The aims of this study were to evaluate the effects of nandrolone (ND) on cardiac inflammatory cytokines, ACE activity, troponin I, and the sensitivity of the Bezold-Jarisch reflex (BJR). Male Wistar rats were administered either ND (20 mg/kg; DECA) or vehicle (control animals; CONT) for 4 weeks. BJR was analyzed ...
Ståhlberg Marcus - - 2012
AIMS: The impact of different basic paced heart rates (pHRs) in patients receiving cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) remains largely unknown. The aim of the present study was to investigate the haemodynamic effects of different pHRs (60 or 80 b.p.m.), using an implanted haemodynamic monitor (IHM), during a 2-week period in ...
Hollis Michael - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The involvement of neurohormonal factors in the pathogenesis of hypertension has been extensively studied. However, the mechanisms underlying the role of the transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) channels in hypertension are still largely unknown. This review presents some of the most recent findings regarding the ...
Refiker Ege Meltem - - 2012
Coronary collaterals (CCs) serve as alternative conduits for blood flow in obstructive coronary artery disease. We investigated the association of various components of blood pressure (BP) parameters with the the degree of coronary collateralization. Patients (n = 245) who underwent coronary angiography were included. Intraarterial BP in the ascending aorta ...
Schultz M G - - 2012
An abnormal increase or decrease in blood pressure (BP) in response to postural stress is associated with increased risk of developing hypertension and stroke. However, the haemodynamic responses contributing to changes in central BP with postural stress are not well characterised. We aimed to determine this in controls compared to ...
Broch O - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive continous monitoring of finger arterial pressure has gained increasing interest. The aim of the present study was to compare the accuracy of non-invasive reconstructed brachial artery pressure by the Nexfin™ device (NFAP) with invasive femoral (IFAP) and radial (IRAP) artery pressure before and after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). METHODS:Fifty ...
Li Wen-Xing - - 2012
This study was designed to evaluate the in vivo cardioprotective effects of food-derived sesamin in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). The study was performed with 17-week-old male normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) and SHR which are untreated or treated with orally administered sesamin for 16 weeks before they were sacrificed. Long-term treatment ...
Iketani Toshiro - - 2012
Central systolic blood pressure (C-SBP) has been shown to be a better predictor of cardiovascular risk than brachial SBP. In this study, the effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) on C-SBP were compared with pravastatin. Twenty-four patients with hyperlipidemia were assigned 13 to receive 1800mg/day EPA (EPA group) and 11 to ...
Filho Ademir G - - 2012
High systolic blood pressure caused by endothelial dysfunction is a comorbidity of metabolic syndrome that is mediated by local inflammatory signals. Insulin-induced vasorelaxation due to endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activation is highly dependent on the activation of the upstream insulin-stimulated serine/threonine kinase (AKT) and is severely impaired in obese, ...
Hamzaoui Olfa - - 2012
Systolic blood pressure normally falls during quiet inspiration in normal individuals. Pulsus paradoxus is defined as a fall of systolic blood pressure of more than 10 mmHg during the inspiratory phase. Pulsus paradoxus can be observed in cardiac tamponade and in conditions where intrathoracic pressure swings are exaggerated or the ...
Cha Kyoung Chul - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the hemodynamic effects of chest compression at different positions on the sternum during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to test whether external chest compression at the lower end of the sternum as an alternative position (alternative compression) results in superior hemodynamic effects compared ...
De Hert Stefan - - 2012
Homeostasis of hemodynamics refers to the regulation of the blood circulation to meet the demands of the different organ and tissue systems. This homeostasis involves an intimate interaction between peripheral metabolic needs, vascular adaptations to meet these needs and cardiac adaptation to provide the driving force to circulate the blood. ...
Geerts Bart F - - 2012
Hypovolemia is a common clinical problem. The Trendelenburg position and passive leg raising (PLR) are routinely used in the initial treatment while awaiting fluid resuscitation. In this meta-analysis, we evaluated the hemodynamic effects of PLR and Trendelenburg positioning to determine which position had the most optimal effect on cardiac output ...
Salazar Sergio A - - 2012
Physiological principles that directly apply to physical diagnosis provide opportune occasions to bring basic science to the bedside. In this article, we describe the effect of cardiac maneuvers on systolic murmurs and how physiological principles apply to the explanation of the changes noted at the bedside. We discuss the effect ...
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