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Lee Jae Myeong JM Cardiopulmonary Research Laboratory, Department of Critical Care Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, - - 2013
Dynamic estimates of mean systemic pressure based on a Guytonian analog model (Pmsa) appear accurate under baseline conditions but may not remain so during septic shock because blood volume distribution and resistances between arterial and venous beds may change. Thus, we examined the effect of acute endotoxemia on the ability ...
Bouzat Pierre - - 2013
AIM: Improving cerebral perfusion is an essential component of post-resuscitation care after cardiac arrest (CA), however precise recommendations in this setting are limited. We aimed to examine the effect of moderate hyperventilation (HV) and induced hypertension (IH) on non-invasive cerebral tissue oxygenation (SctO2) in patients with coma after CA monitored ...
Mandoki Juan José - - 2013
The diastolic pulsatile increase in arterial blood pressure is shown to occur earlier in the aorta than in other arteries. It is thus not a reflection of the systolic pressure wave, as has been generally assumed, but an independent pressure wave produced by the sequential contraction of the arterial tree. ...
Brown Z E - - 2013
In this prospective observational study we investigated the changes in cardiac index and mean arterial pressure in children when positioned prone for scoliosis correction surgery. Thirty children (ASA 1-2, aged 13-18 years) undergoing primary, idiopathic scoliosis repair were recruited. The cardiac index and mean arterial blood pressure (median (IQR [range])) were ...
Russo Andrea - - 2013
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) on the respiratory system and on cardiac function. DESIGN: Prospective randomized study. SETTING: Operating room. PATIENTS: 60 ASA physical status 1 women scheduled for pelvic laparoscopic surgery. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were ventilated normally during surgery; PEEP was modified depending on ...
Garcia-Menendez Lorena L Mitochondria and Metabolism Center, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98109, - - 2013
The C57BL/6 mouse strain is one of the most commonly used in experimental research. It is known to differ from other strains in baseline cardiovascular phenotypes as well as in response to pressure overload induced by aortic constriction. Since the generation of the C57BL/6 mouse line over a century ago, ...
Tanigawa-Sugihara Kayo - - 2013
Background: Weather conditions affect the occurrence of cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between atmospheric conditions including temperature, pressure, and humidity, and the occurrence of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs) with cardiac etiology. Methods and Results: This study was a cross-sectional analysis of a prospective cohort that ...
Dolinsky Vernon W - - 2013
Resveratrol (RESV) is a polyphenol with pleiotropic effects that include reduction of oxidative stress and increased vascular nitric oxide (NO) production. However, whether or not RESV can prevent rises in blood pressure (BP) is controversial and remains to be firmly established. The purpose of this study was to determine whether ...
Ngan Kee W D - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Phenylephrine given during spinal anaesthesia for caesarean delivery often induces a decrease in heart rate which may decrease cardiac output. Anticholinergic drugs may be given to attenuate this effect but may also cause more labile blood pressure. This study evaluated the effects of glycopyrrolate pre-treatment on non-invasively measured cardiac ...
Eldehni Mohamed Tarek - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Haemodialysis is a form of renal replacement therapy used to treat patients with end stage renal failure. It is becoming more appreciated that haemodialysis patients exhibit higher rates of multiple end organ damage compared to the general population. There is also a strong emerging evidence that haemodialysis itself causes ...
Franchi Federico F Department of Internal Medicine, Divisions of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2013
Hypertension continues to be a significant cause of morbidity and mortality, underscoring the need to better understand its early effects on the myocardium. The aim of this study is to determine the feasibility of in vivo longitudinal assessment of cardiac function, particularly diastolic function, in a mouse model of renovascular ...
Sezai Akira - - 2013
Background: Febuxostat has been reported to have a stronger effect on hyperuricemia than allopurinol. Methods and Results: Cardiac surgery patients with hyperuricemia (n=141) were randomized to a febuxostat group or an allopurinol group. The study was single-blind, so the treatment was not known by the investigators. The primary endpoint was serum uric ...
Mahfouz Ragab A - - 2013
Fractional pulse pressure (PPf), is thought to more directly reflect arterial stiffness than pulse pressure. Our aim was to evaluate the relationship between coronary flow reserve (CFR), left ventricular diastolic function (LVDf) and PPf in hypertensive patients with normal coronary arteries. Out of 109 hypertensive patients (aged 52.8 ± 9.4 years), with normal ...
Friis Schmidt Jakob - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease which is worsened by physical inactivity. Subclinical myocardial dysfunction is associated with increased risk of heart failure and impaired prognosis in T2DM; however, it is not clear if exercise training can counteract the early signs of ...
Wajima Zen'ichiro - - 2013
PURPOSE: There are no reports about the effect of bradycardia on stroke volume variation (SVV), and we hypothesized that induced bradycardia alters the value of SVV. Landiolol, an ultra-short-acting adrenergic β1-receptor blocking agent, was reported to induce bradycardia without decreasing blood pressure. The initial aim of this prospective study was ...
Tomsin Kathleen - - 2013
In this experimental study, the feasibility of cardiovascular profiling using both combined electrocardiogram (ECG)-Doppler ultrasonography and impedance cardiography (ICG) is evaluated. Fourteen non-pregnant healthy women received 500 mL of saline solution (NaCl 0.9% at 999 mL/h) intravenously by steady-state infusion. Before and after this acute volume loading, we measured orthostatic-challenged ...
Kenney W Larry - - 2013
When prolonged intense exercise is performed at high ambient temperatures, cardiac output must meet dual demands for increased blood flow to contracting muscle and to the skin. The literature has commonly painted this scenario as a fierce competition, wherein one circulation preserves perfusion at the expense of the other, with ...
Greenberg Steven B - - 2013
Intensivists use neuromuscular blocking agents for a variety of clinical conditions, including for emergency intubation, acute respiratory distress syndrome, status asthmaticus, elevated intracranial pressure, elevated intra-abdominal pressure, and therapeutic hypothermia after ventricular fibrillation-associated cardiac arrest. The continued creation and use of evidence-based guidelines and protocols could ensure that neuromuscular blocking ...
Hollenberg Steven M - - 2013
Hemodynamic assessment is a key component of the evaluation of the critically ill patients and has both diagnostic and prognostic utility. This review outlines a general approach to assessment of hemodynamics and perfusion, and then discusses various hemodynamic parameters: heart rate, BP, intravascular (central venous and pulmonary artery) pressures, cardiac ...
Stenger Michael B - - 2013
Space Shuttle astronauts wore an inflatable antigravity suit during reentry and landing, and astronauts and cosmonauts wear an elastic-compression garment (with lacing) during Soyuz re-entry and landings and in the first few days of recovery. However, neither garment is an ideal countermeasure to spaceflight-induced orthostatic intolerance. Our laboratory has been ...
Vrints H H Multidisciplinary Sleep Disorders Centre, Antwerp University Hospital, Edegem, - - 2013
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is considered as a risk factor for the development of arterial hypertension, coronary artery disease (CAD), myocardial infarction and stroke. These clinical manifestations are the consequences of elevated sympathetic activity, cardiovascular variability, intrathoracic pressure changes, inflammation, oxidative stress, endothelial dysfunction, insulin resistance and thrombosis provoked by ...
Parati Gianfranco - - 2013
Blood pressure (BP) is characterized by marked fluctuations occurring within the 24 h as a result of complex interactions between behavioral, environmental, humoral, and neural central or reflex influences. Significant BP variations also occur over more prolonged periods of time (i.e. between days, weeks, months, seasons and even years), not ...
Chrysant Steven G - - 2013
Hypertension is a major risk factor in addition to atherosclerosis and type 2 diabetes mellitus for the development of coronary heart disease and strokes. Several prospective clinical studies have demonstrated a possible protective effect of milk and dairy product consumption on these conditions. The putative effects of milk and dairy ...
Kluthe Gregory J - - 2013
This study used an in situ heart preparation to analyze the power output and stroke work of spontaneously beating hearts of four anurans (Rhinella marina, Lithobates catesbeianus, Xenopus laevis, Pyxicephalus edulis) and three urodeles (Necturus maculosus, Ambystoma tigrinum, Amphiuma tridactylum) that span a representative range of relative ventricle mass (RVM) ...
Bombelli Michele - - 2013
PAMELA (Pressioni Arteriose Monitorate E Loro Associazioni) is an epidemiological study, originally designed to determine the normality of home and ambulatory blood pressure values. The study was performed on 3,200 subjects, aged 25 to 74 years, randomly selected from the general population of Monza (Milan, Italy). In the study context we ...
Ai Bao-Quan - - 2013
Transport of overdamped Brownian particles in a finite hydrodynamical channel is investigated in the presence of the ac driving force and the pressure-driven flow. The system is bounded by two particle reservoirs. With the help of the Fick-Jacobs method, we obtain the directed current of Brownian particles and the pumping ...
Grensemann Jörn - - 2013
Pulse contour analysis techniques are used for beat-to-beat tracking of cardiac output in critically ill patients. However, an adequate pulse pressure waveform signal and identification of the appropriate (i.e. systolic) part of the waveform by the monitor are crucial for correct calculation of continuous cardiac output. We observed a case ...
Neves Vander José das - - 2013
AIMS: This study was performed to assess isolated and combined effects of nandrolone and resistance training on the blood pressure, cardiac electrophysiology, and expression of the β1- and β2-adrenergic receptors in the heart of rats. MAIN METHODS: Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups and submitted to a 6 ...
Rosseland Leiv Arne - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Little is known about maternal hemodynamics after Cesarean delivery. Uterine contractions may increase cardiac output. Oxytocin is the first-line treatment for uterine atony, although the effects of the long-acting oxytocin analogue carbetocin are comparable with that of oxytocin. The authors analyzed the effects of i.v. oxytocin 5 U, carbetocin ...
Nováková Z - - 2013
The review shows the significance of blood pressure regulation studies conducted during several decades at the Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University, Brno. Continuous non-invasive blood pressure measurement was first introduced and patented here and, with the obtained data, the first spectral analysis of blood pressure was performed. ...
Kroetsch Jeffrey T - - 2013
Heart failure (HF) is hallmarked by an increase in total peripheral resistance (TPR) that compensates for the drop in cardiac output. While initially allowing for the maintenance of mean arterial pressure at acceptable levels, the long-term upregulation of TPR is prone to compromise cardiac performance and tissue perfusion, and to ...
Al-Rubaiee Mustafa M Department of Physiology and Biophysics, College of Medicine, Howard University, Washington, DC 20059, - - 2013
Previous studies have demonstrated positive-inotropic effects of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), but the mechanisms remain unclear. Therefore, two experiments were performed to determine the physiological correlates of the positive-inotropic effects of CGRP. Treatments designed to antagonize the effects of physiologically active CGRP₁₋₃₇ included posttreatment with CGRP₈₋₃₇ and pretreatment with LY-294002 ...
Schlader Zachary J ZJ Institute for Exercise and Environmental Medicine, Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital of Dallas, Dallas, Texas 75231, - - 2013
Hyperthermia reduces the capacity to withstand a simulated hemorrhagic challenge, but volume loading preserves this capacity. This study tested the hypotheses that acute volume expansion during hyperthermia increases cerebral perfusion and attenuates reductions in cerebral perfusion during a simulated hemorrhagic challenge induced by lower-body negative pressure (LBNP). Eight healthy young ...
Ricci Zaccaria - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: Modified ultrafiltration is commonly used in pediatric cardiac surgery. Although its clinical benefits are currently debated, modified ultrafiltration has proved to improve mean arterial pressure in the first postoperative hours. Aim of our study was to measure cardiac index, stroke volume index, and mean arterial pressure modification before and ...
Tibana Ramires A - - 2013
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of risk factors in individuals with high risk of diabetes and heart disease. Resistance training (RT) has been proposed to be a safe, effective and worthwhile method for the prevention and treatment of metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. However, no study has analysed the acute ...
Sen Sayan S International Centre for Circulatory Health, National Heart and Lung Institute, London, United Kingdom. - - 2013
This study sought to determine if adenosine administration is required for the pressure-only assessment of coronary stenoses. The instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR) is a vasodilator-free pressure-only measure of the hemodynamic severity of a coronary stenosis comparable to fractional flow reserve (FFR) in diagnostic categorization. In this study, we used hyperemic ...
Zhang Zhongheng - - 2013
It is believed that the stretch of cardiomyocytes is the most important stimulus of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) release; however, its correlation with volume status represented by global end diastolic volume index (GEDVI) is less well established. The study aimed to investigate the correlation between the changes in BNP and ...
Kangas Pauliina - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the hemodynamic characteristics of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in the absence and presence of hypertension. MATERIALS/METHODS: Altogether 166 subjects without previously diagnosed cardiovascular disease, diabetes, or antihypertensive medication, were allocated to four groups: control, hypertension only, MetS without hypertension, and MetS with hypertension (mean age 44-46years). Cut-point for ...
El Kouache M - - 2013
The finding of a double-chambered right ventricle (DCRV) is exceptionally rare as an isolated anomaly. It is a congenital cardiac anomaly in which the right ventricle is separated into two chambers, a proximal high-pressure chamber and a distal low-pressure chamber, by anomalous muscles or fibrous tissues in the right ventricular ...
Kim Minsuk M Department of Medicine, Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute, Mt. Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2013
Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonists exert antihypertensive actions through incompletely understood mechanisms. Here we demonstrate that cardiac Glp1r expression is localized to cardiac atria and that GLP-1R activation promotes the secretion of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and a reduction of blood pressure. Consistent with an indirect ANP-dependent mechanism for the ...
Campbell Duncan J - - 2013
Angiotensin II plays a key role in blood pressure regulation. Mechanisms of the pressor effect of chronic intravenous angiotensin II administration include vasoconstriction, stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system and aldosterone production, and direct effects on renal excretion of sodium and water. Chronic angiotensin II administration by subcutaneous minipump at ...
Glover Benedict M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: To compare the energy required for defibrillation and post shock outcomes following the administration of dronedarone, amiodarone and placebo in a porcine model of cardiac arrest. METHODS:: Forty-two pigs were randomised either amiodarone, dronedarone or control treatments. Following induction of ventricular fibrillation, compressions and ventilations were performed for 3 ...
Mtaweh Haifa H Department of Critical Care Medicine, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, - - 2013
Early recognition and treatment of pediatric shock, regardless of cause, decreases mortality and improves outcome. In addition to the conventional parameters (eg, heart rate, systolic blood pressure, urine output, and central venous pressure), biomarkers and noninvasive methods of measuring cardiac output are available to monitor and treat shock. This article ...
Kang Yuan-Yuan - - 2013
We reviewed studies of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) in patients with symptomatic coronary heart disease (CHD) or asymptomatic coronary lesions and in patients at high coronary risk, such as in the presence of hypertension. We identified ten cross-sectional and seven prospective studies in patients with CHD or coronary lesions. ...
Zhang Zhengang - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence underlines the role of inflammation activation in the process of cardiac fibrosis. Triptolide has potent anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative properties, and extensively used in the treatment of chronic inflammatory disorders. In the current study, we test the hypothesis that triptolide treatment facilitates to attenuate chronic pressure overload-induced cardiac ...
Chin J H - - 2013
BACKGROUND: /st>Positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) has been known to adversely influence cardiac output. Even though left ventricular (LV) diastolic function significantly contributes to LV performance, the effects of PEEP on LV diastolic function remains controversial. We, therefore, aimed to examine the effects of PEEP on LV diastolic function by use ...
Mukaide Daisuke - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Mechanisms of the pseudonormalization (PN) of the transmitral flow (TMF) velocity pattern have been mainly attributed to left ventricular diastolic function. PURPOSE: To assess the influence of left atrial (LA) function on the PN with two-dimensional tissue tracking technique. METHODS: The subjects consisted of 21 healthy volunteers and 70 ...
Nakamura Yuji - - 2013
With the aim to address an undesired cardiac issue observed with our related compound in the recently disclosed novel series of renin inhibitors, further chemical modifications of this series were performed. Extensive structure-activity relationships studies as well as in vivo cardiac studies using the electrophysiology rat model led to the ...
Fischer M-O - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The Nexfin device uses non-invasive photoplethysmography to monitor cardiac output and respiratory variations in pulse pressure and stroke volume. The aim of this study was to compare rapid changes in cardiac index after fluid challenge between Nexfin and bolus transpulmonary thermodilution and the ability to predict fluid responsiveness of ...
Hua Yinan Y Center for Cardiovascular Research and Alternative Medicine, University of Wyoming College of Health Sciences, 1000 E University Ave, Laramie, WY 82071, - - 2013
Evidence from human and animal studies has documented elevated levels of lysosomal cysteine protease cathepsin K in failing hearts. Here, we hypothesized that ablation of cathepsin K mitigates pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy. Cathepsin K knockout mice and their wild-type littermates were subjected to abdominal aortic constriction, resulting in cardiac remodeling ...
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