Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 2725
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Lionetti Vincenzo - - 2007
Increased glucose utilization and regional differences in contractile function are well-known alterations of the failing heart and play an important pathophysiological role. We tested whether, similar to functional derangement, changes in glucose uptake develop following a regional pattern. Heart failure was induced in 13 chronically instrumented minipigs by pacing the ...
Ceyhan Ceyhun - - 2008
The utility of N-Terminal pro Brain Natriuretic Peptide (NT-proBNP) and Brain Natriuretic Peptide (BNP) for detecting left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction in hypertensive patients without heart failure symptoms is unclear. In this study, we investigated the relation between NT-proBNP plasma levels and LV diastolic dysfunction in hypertensive patients without systolic ...
Tsai Chia-Ti - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the left atrial (LA) volume, and LA systolic (contractile) and diastolic (expansion) functions in different stages of hypertension with or without atrial fibrillation (AF), as well as the effects of good blood pressure control. METHODS: A prospective observational study. Individuals including 22 normotensive controls, 23 patients with ...
Mansouri Vafa - - 2007
BACKGROUND: With left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, it is not clear how alterations in external constraint influence the index of myocardial performance (IMP). We have previously demonstrated that pericardial constraint is a factor in the production of the restrictive filling pattern. We hypothesized that altering pericardial constraint by changing intracardiac volume ...
Ballo Piercarlo - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies evaluated the effect of obesity on left ventricular (LV) mass and systolic function in healthy subjects and in patients with coexistent chronic LV pressure overload due to hypertension, but no data exist regarding subjects with underlying volume overload. This study assessed the impact of overweight-obesity on LV ...
Fei Hongwen - - 2007
The volume-time curve change in patients with normal left ventricular (LV) diastolic function and diastolic dysfunction was evaluated by real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE). LV diastolic dysfunction was defined by E'<A' in pulse-wave tissue Doppler for inter-ventricular septal (IVS) of mitral annulus. In 24 patients with LV diastolic dysfunction, including 12 ...
Kasner Mario - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Various conventional and tissue Doppler echocardiographic indexes were compared with pressure-volume loop analysis to assess their accuracy in detecting left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction in patients with heart failure with normal ejection fraction (HFNEF). METHODS AND RESULTS: Diastolic dysfunction was confirmed by pressure-volume loop analysis obtained by conductance catheter ...
Neuman Yoram - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arterial hypertension is a well-established sequel of LV systolic dysfunction; however its association with diastolic dysfunction in subjects with normal LV systolic function has not been thoroughly studied. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between diastolic dysfunction and pulmonary arterial hypertension in patients with ...
Duda Monika K - - 2007
Epidemiological studies suggest that consumption of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega-3 PUFA) decreases the risk of heart failure. We assessed the effects of dietary supplementation with omega-3 PUFA from fish oil on the response of the left ventricle (LV) to arterial pressure overload. Male Wistar rats were fed a standard ...
Shah Sanjiv J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The third heart sound (S(3)) is thought to be caused by the abrupt deceleration of left ventricular (LV) inflow during early diastole, increased LV filling pressures, and decreased LV compliance. We sought to determine whether the ratio of early mitral inflow velocity to diastolic velocity of the mitral annulus ...
Malmqvist K - - 2007
Hypertensive left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy is associated with a substantial risk for malignant arrhythmias and sudden death. According to recent results, antihypertensive therapy with the angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker irbesartan reverses both structural and electrical remodelling. However, the relation between the LV geometric pattern (concentric vs eccentric) and ...
Dokainish Hisham - - 2007
Noninvasive left ventricular (LV) pressure estimation in obese patients has not been well described. Simultaneous B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and echocardiographic Doppler examinations were performed in patients with dyspnea undergoing cardiac catheterization. Patients were divided into body mass index (BMI) >35 (markedly obese), 31 to 35 (obese), and < or ...
Lalande Sophie - - 2007
The existence of resistance training-induced left ventricular (LV) concentric hypertrophy is equivocal. Although some have described significant LV hypertrophy, others have suggested that training-induced LV hypertrophy is proportional to increased fat free mass (FFM) and thus a normal physiologic response to training. Method limitations, steroid use, and type of training ...
Frielingsdorf Jürgen - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The short-term effect of acute biventricular pacing on cardiac function in patients with chronic heart failure undergoing heart surgery is widely unknown. The present study was designed to determine whether mitral annular tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) is useful to predict acute changes in global systolic function determined by the ...
Shapiro Brian P - - 2007
Aging and hypertension lead to arterial remodeling and tandem increases in arterial (Ea) and ventricular (LV) systolic stiffness (ventricular-arterial [VA] coupling). Age and hypertension also predispose to heart failure with normal ejection fraction (HFnlEF), where symptoms during hypertensive urgencies or exercise are common. We hypothesized that: (1) chronic VA coupling ...
Vernooy Kevin - - 2007
AIMS: We investigated to what extent biventricular pacing (BVP) can normalize LV function and remodeling, induced by isolated left bundle branch block (LBBB). METHODS AND RESULTS: In 16 dogs LBBB was induced. Eight animals were followed for 16 weeks and in 8 animals BVP was started after 8 weeks. LV ...
Sedova Ksenia - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We have investigated the local durations and sequence of repolarization in the ventricular epicardium in the rabbit under the increase of the left ventricular (LV) afterload. METHODS: The LV overload was produced by the 1-minute aortic stenosis up to systolic blood pressure of 140 mm Hg. The experiments were ...
Okumura Yasuo - - 2007
A 35-year-old man was referred to Nihon University Hospital because of repetitive ventricular tachycardia (VT) at 180-200 beats/min. QRS morphology of the VT was right bundle branch block with a northwest axis. Transthoracic echocardiography showed hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Coronary angiography was normal and left ventriculography showed neither obstruction in the left ...
Dalsgaard Morten - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Isovolumic acceleration (IVA) as assessed by Tissue Doppler Imaging (TDI) has been proposed as a measure of left ventricular (LV) contractility. IVA is believed to be less dependent on preload than previously proposed estimates. IVA has been measured at different locations, and studies have shown conflicting results. OBJECTIVES: We ...
Schober Karsten E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Left atrial (LA) enlargement (LAE) is a morphologic expression of the severity and chronicity of left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction, volume overload, and increased atrial pressure and has diagnostic, therapeutic, and prognostic importance in cats. The noninvasive gold standard for assessing LA size is 2-dimensional echocardiography (2DE). HYPOTHESIS: ECG ...
Mizuguchi Yukio - - 2007
It is well known that arterial stiffness affects the morbidity and mortality associated with cardiovascular disease. However, there are limited data addressing the relationship between arterial stiffness and left ventricular (LV) diastolic function in patients with cardiovascular risk factors. Subclinical atherosclerosis was determined by measuring the intima-media thickness and stiffness ...
Goetze Stephan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: This acute feasibility study compared two different automatic capture detection methodologies, the reduced coupling capacitor (RCC) and the independent pace/sense (IPS) methods, for the left ventricle (LV). METHODS: LV threshold tests were performed in DDD mode, with LV-only and bi-ventricular (BiV) pacing using an external cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) ...
Zhong L - - 2007
We have investigated the effect of left ventricular (LV) shape on contractility and ejection function. In this study, a new contractility index is developed in terms of the wall stress (sigma*, normalized with respect to LV pressure) by means of an LV ellipsoidal model. Using cine-ventriculography data, the LV ellipsoidal ...
Masugata Hisashi - - 2007
The aim of this study was to elucidate the cardiac function in bed-bound patients following cerebrovascular accidents. In accord with the criteria for activities of daily living (ADL) of the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, 51 age-matched poststroke patients without heart disease were classified into 3 groups: rank ...
Vandsburger Moriel H - - 2007
AIMS: The role of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) in regulating contractile function remains controversial, and in regulating myocardial perfusion is uninvestigated. We used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to phenotype nNOS(-/-) and wild-type (WT) mice regarding left ventricular (LV) structure, baseline function, beta-adrenergic responsiveness, and perfusion reserve. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
O'Rourke Michael F - - 2007
The human arterial system in youth is beautifully designed for its role of receiving spurts of blood from the left ventricle and distributing this as steady flow through peripheral capillaries. Central to such design is "tuning" of the heart to arterial tree; this minimizes aortic pressure fluctuations and confines flow ...
Bernheim Alain M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Altitude-induced pulmonary hypertension has been suggested to cause left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction due to ventricular interaction. In this study, we evaluate the effects of exercise- and altitude-induced increase in pulmonary artery pressures on LV diastolic function in an interventional setting investigating high-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) prophylaxis. METHODS: Among ...
Kim Yong Jin - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We performed this study to validate the single-beat estimation of end-systolic elastance (E(es)) in an animal model of chronic mitral regurgitation (MR) and to use E(es) to predict postoperative left ventricular (LV) systolic function with the noninvasively derived single-beat E(es) (E(es-s)) in patients with MR. METHODS: Eight sheep with ...
Stahl Carsten - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: A large number of heart failure (HF) patients benefit from cardiac resynchronization therapy. Measurements of intrathoracic impedance (ITZ) by implantable devices correlate with intrathoracic fluid content and are used for monitoring lung edema formation in HF patients. However, intrathoracic fluid is only an indirect parameter of cardiac function. We ...
Cohn Jay N - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Isosorbide dinitrate combined with hydralazine therapy compared with placebo in patients with heart failure resulted in a sustained increase in left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) indicative of regression of LV remodeling in the first Vasodilator-Heart Failure Trial (V-HeFT-I) in patients receiving only digoxin and diuretic. In the African-American ...
Kleinman Charles S - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that left ventricular (LV) dilation associated with pressure-restrictive ventricular septal defect (VSD) often remains stable or regresses spontaneously, calling into question the role of interventional management for such defects. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed 96 serial echocardiograms from 33 unoperated patients with a moderate-to-large VSD with ...
Kitagawa Yutaka - - 2007
The aim of the present study was performed to determine whether a novel histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, N-(2-aminophenyl)-4-{[benzyl(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]methyl} benzamide (K-183), prevents a reversible cardiac hypertrophy induced by isoproterenol and improves left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in rats. Either isoproterenol or vehicle was infused for 3 days by osmotic minipump. One hour ...
Ozer Necla - - 2008
AIM: The present study was designed to determine the reliability of the analysis of the time difference between onset of mitral inflow and onset of early diastolic mitral annulus velocity and mean systolic strain index, and comparing them with E/E' in the detection of increased left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) ...
Kitahara Tatsuro - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Clinical markers to predict adverse outcome have not yet been established for patients with preserved left ventricular (LV) systolic function. The present study was designed to examine whether carboxy-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (ICTP), a marker of collagen degradation, is useful for determining the prognosis of such patients. ...
Tozzi Rossana - - 2007
BACKGROUND: During the transition of pressure overload hypertrophy (POH) to heart failure (HF) there is intense interstitial cardiac remodeling, characterized by a complex balance between collagen deposition and degradation by matrix metalloproteases (MMPs). This study was aimed at investigating the process of cardiac remodeling during the different phases of the ...
Mulè G - - 2007
Some reports have suggested that white-coat hypertension (WCH) is associated with some features of the metabolic syndrome (MetS). These metabolic disturbances, instead of WCH per se, may potentially explain the greater extent of end-organ damage sometimes observed in WCH subjects (WCHs) when compared to normotensive individuals (NTs). The aim of ...
Donker Dirk W - - 2007
Myocardial biopsies are an increasingly important tool to unravel the molecular mechanisms of cardiac disease. We evaluate a novel minimally invasive trans-thoracic approach for left-ventricular (LV) intra-mural biopsies, which enables repetitive individual sampling in adult dogs. Forty three generally anaesthesised dogs were studied during sinus rhythm (SR, control) and multiple ...
Soliman Osama I I - - 2007
To assess mechanisms of myocardial perfusion impairment in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Fourteen patients with obstructive HCM (mean (SD) age 53 (10) years, 11 men) underwent intravenous adenosine myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE), positron emission tomography (PET) and cardiac catheterisation. Fourteen healthy volunteers (mean age 31 (4) years, 11 men) ...
Maceira Alicia M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hypertension causes cardiac morbidity and premature mortality. Accurate evaluation to exclude potentially curable causes is important. Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance and Magnetic Resonance Angiography (CMR/CE-MRA) provide an integrated approach to the assessment of hypertensive patients - a single study can identify certain secondary causes and assess left ventricular (LV) mass ...
Strand Arne H - - 2007
Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy is related to blood pressure level and neurohormonal factors. The authors previously demonstrated that arterial norepinephrine levels predict LV mass in middle-aged men who developed hypertension through 20 years. The aim of this 20-year prospective study was to investigate arterial vasopressin, aldosterone, and renin as long-term ...
Dwivedi Sk - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Biventricular pacing is beneficial in refractory systolic heart failure having QRS duration more than 130 msec by improving regional dysynchrony and decreasing diastolic mitral regurgitation. Current data show significant systolic dysynchrony in symptomatic systolic heart failure patients out of which nearly 40% have a QRS duration of less than ...
Prabhu Sumanth D - - 2007
The objective of this study was to define alterations in ventricular-arterial (V-A) coupling early in the development of tachycardia-induced heart failure (HF). Although HF is characterized by impaired V-A coupling, the temporal relationship of these derangements to overt left ventricular (LV) dysfunction is unknown. Six anesthetized dogs instrumented with LV ...
Yuan Lijun - - 2007
BACKGROUND: It is well known that left ventricular (LV) filling decreases on inspiration and increases on expiration; however, respiratory effects on diastolic function have not been fully investigated. AIM: This study attempted to provide further information on the precise diagnosis of LV diastolic dysfunction when taking respiration into account. METHODS: ...
Stern Joshua - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A substantial percentage of patients with heart failure remain nonresponsive to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). There is a paucity of information on the impact of baseline elevated pulmonary artery pressure on clinical outcome and on left ventricular reverse remodeling (LV-RR) after CRT. We sought to investigate the impact of ...
Border William L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether essential hypertension impacts diastolic function in children. STUDY DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, patients with essential hypertension (n = 50) were compared with a normotensive group (n = 53). Echocardiographic assessment of diastolic function included measures derived from transmitral, color M-mode, and tissue Doppler interrogation. Cardiac ...
Tucci Paulo J F - - 2007
1. Slow inotropic response following a sudden myocardium stretch seems to be an autocrine/paracrine mechanism the basis of which is not yet completely defined. 2. We compared the canine left ventricle (LV) response to sudden dilation when the LV was supported by the arterial blood of a support dog with ...
Poutanen T - - 2007
The aims of this study were to establish normal values of left ventricular (LV) mass in children and young adults using three-dimensional echocardiography (3-DE) and to compare 3-DE LV mass estimates with those obtained by conventional echocardiographic methods. We studied 169 healthy subjects aged 2-27 years by digitized 3-D, two-dimensional ...
Mörtsell D - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Angiotensin II promotes cell growth and has been implicated in the development and maintenance of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and of structural vascular changes. We wished to examine whether an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) would influence structural vascular changes beyond the effects of blood pressure reduction. METHODS: ...
Gulel Okan - - 2007
AIMS: Many cardiac and hemodynamic alterations occur after acute consumption of cigarettes. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of chronic smoking on longitudinal myocardial functions of left ventricle in young, healthy people by using color tissue Doppler imaging modalities. METHODS AND RESULTS: Ninety-nine healthy participants were ...
Choi Jin-Oh - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The novel parameter T(E-E'), which is the time interval between the onset of the early diastolic mitral inflow velocity (E) and the early diastolic mitral annular velocity (E'), is reported to be related to the constant of the left ventricular (LV) relaxation, and T(E-E') is also reported to be ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >