Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 2727
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Mizuno Ju - - 2008
Hypovolemia results in hypotension due to a decrease in left ventricular (LV) stroke volume. We have showed a logistic relaxation time constant (tauL) that is a superior lusitropic index during the LV pressure (LVP) falling phase independent of LV preload compared with the conventional monoexponential relaxation time constant (tauE). In ...
Lubanda Jean-Claude Mukonkole - - 2008
The time interval (TEa-E) between onsets of early diastolic mitral annular velocity (Ea) and early mitral inflow velocity (E) has been proposed as a new index of left ventricular (LV) relaxation. We aimed to assess the influence of preload changes on this parameter by examining 25 healthy volunteers at rest, ...
Takahashi Naoto - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A novel program, "cardioGRAF", has been developed to analyze regional left ventricular (LV) systolic/diastolic function and dyssynchrony, so the present study aimed to use it confirm the presence of LV dyssynchrony, and to correlate LV function and dyssynchrony with plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels during the early to ...
MacDonald K A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Myocardial fibrosis occurs in cats with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), and is one factor that leads to diastolic dysfunction. Spironolactone (SPIR) reduces myocardial fibrosis in several models of HCM and in humans with cardiac disease. HYPOTHESIS: SPIR will improve diastolic function and reduce left ventricular (LV) mass in Maine Coon ...
Chetboul V - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) torsional deformation plays an important role in myocardial function. However, it has never been assessed in the awake dog, because magnetic resonance imaging and sonomicrometry have been the only methods available so far. HYPOTHESIS: Two dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (STE), a new ultrasound imaging technique, provides ...
Westermann D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: After myocardial infarction (MI), extensive remodeling of extracellular matrix contributes to scar formation and preservation of hemodynamic function. On the other hand, adverse and excessive extracellular matrix remodeling leads to fibrosis and impaired function. The present study investigates the role of the small leucine-rich proteoglycan biglycan during cardiac extracellular ...
Plante Eric - - 2008
The objective of this study was to assess the long-term effects of beta-blockade on survival and left ventricular (LV) remodeling in rats with aortic valve regurgitation (AR). The pharmacological management of chronic AR remains controversial. No drug has been definitively proven to delay the need for valve replacement or to ...
Bertram Caroline - - 2008
The perinatal environment is a powerful determinant of risk for developing disease in later life. Here, we have shown that maternal undernutrition causes dramatic changes in heart structure and hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) function across two generations. Pregnant guinea pigs were fed 70% of normal intake from gestational days 1-35 (early restriction; ...
Sokmen Gulizar - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The association between nondipping profile and adverse cardiovascular outcome is still controversial. Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI), a new and useful addition to standard echocardiographic imaging techniques, permits a quantitative assessment of both global and regional function and timing of myocardial velocities. In this study, we aimed to assess whether ...
Jörgensen Kirsten - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We determined the effects of levosimendan, a calcium sensitizer, on left ventricular (LV) diastolic function in patients with LV hypertrophy. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this prospective, randomized, blinded study, 23 patients received either levosimendan (0.1 and 0.2 microg x kg(-1) x min(-1); n=12) or placebo (n=11) after aortic valve ...
Durand Philippe - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether respiratory variations in aortic blood flow velocity (DeltaVpeak ao), systolic arterial pressure (DeltaPS) and pulse pressure (DeltaPP) could accurately predict fluid responsiveness in ventilated children. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective study in a 18-bed pediatric intensive care unit. PATIENTS: Twenty-six children [median age 28.5 (16-44) months] with ...
Dalsgaard Morten - - 2008
Left atrial (LA) size is known to increase with persistently increased left ventricular (LV) filling pressure. We therefore hypothesized that LA volume might reflect the severity of aortic valve stenosis (AS). Transthoracic echocardiography was performed in 1,758 patients with asymptomatic AS (transaortic Doppler velocity > or =2.5 and < or ...
Palecek Tomas - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Available studies of the effect of hemodialysis (HD) on left ventricular (LV) performance brought ambiguous results. Therefore we aimed to investigate the effect of acute preload reduction induced by HD on conventional and novel parameters of LV structure and function. METHODS: Thirty-six patients underwent echocardiography 1 hour prior to ...
Phrommintikul Arintaya - - 2008
The RhoA-Rho kinase (ROCK) signaling pathway has an important role in cardiovascular diseases. However, the effect of Rho kinase inhibition on pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy (POH) and associated diastolic dysfunction has not been evaluated. This study examined the effect of a selective ROCK inhibitor (GSK-576371) in a POH model, induced ...
Liao Yulin - - 2008
The aim of this study was to investigate whether atorvastatin inhibits epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activation in cardiomyocytes in vitro and slows the progression of cardiac remodeling induced by pressure overload in mice. Either atorvastatin (5 mg/kg/day) or vehicle was orally administered to male C57BL/6J mice with transverse aortic ...
Ogunyankin Kofo O - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A normal left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) often underestimates the poor prognosis associated with diastolic dysfunction. METHODS: We compared overall and hospital-free survival according to echocardiographic diastolic function classification (echo class), clinical probability of diastolic dysfunction (clinical class) and LV grades based on biplane LVEF, in 114 subjects followed-up ...
Nishikage Tomoko - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of subclinical left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction in asymptomatic hypertensive patients was determined using tissue Doppler imaging (TDI). METHODS AND RESULTS: TDI-derived mitral annular velocities were acquired in 35 control subjects, 92 asymptomatic hypertensive patients with no heart failure (HHD), and 15 patients with diastolic heart failure ...
Bordachar Pierre - - 2008
AIMS: In post-operative setting after cardiac surgery, the choice of the optimal ventricular pacing site remains an issue, particularly in patients with ischaemic cardiomyopathy. We aimed to investigate the impact of the left ventricular (LV) pacing site in an animal model of incremental myocardial ischaemia. METHODS AND RESULTS: Three epicardial ...
Han Wei - - 2008
The left ventricular twist was evaluated by 2-dimensional ultrasound speckle-tracking imaging (STI) in 50 patients with hypertension with normal geometric left ventricle (LV) and 45 normal subjects as control group. The mean value of LV rotation was obtained at each plane using STI. LV twist and twist velocity were defined ...
Farahani Maryam Moshkani MM Baghiatollah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2008
A 55-year-old man with significant lesion of left anterior descending artery and left ventricular systolic dysfunction, became candidate for coronary artery bypass grafts surgery. Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) was done for evaluation of severity of mitral regurgitation. During surgery, suddently systolic blood pressure dropped to 50 mmHg and lasted for ...
Su Ho-Ming - - 2008
Mid-diastolic mitral annular motion may be driven by strain energy, an energy for myocardial recoil, stored during the previous systole. Hence, various patterns of mid-diastolic mitral annular motion may imply different left ventricular (LV) diastolic function. The purpose of this study is to compare LV diastolic properties among different types ...
Yip G W K - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although heart failure with a preserved or normal ejection fraction (HFNEF or diastolic heart failure) is common, treatment outcomes on quality of life and cardiac function are lacking. The effect of renin-angiotensin blockade by irbesartan or ramipril in combination with diuretics on quality of life (QoL), regional and global ...
de Simone Giovanni - - 2008
AIMS: The relationship of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) to incident heart failure (HF) not attributable to myocardial infarction (MI) has not been defined. We assessed whether LVH is an independent predictor of MI-independent HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: LVH was assessed by echocardiographic LV mass index (in g/m2.7) and excess of ...
Grauss Robert W - - 2008
Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) have only a limited differentiation potential toward cardiomyocytes. Forced expression of the cardiomyogenic transcription factor myocardin may stimulate hMSCs to acquire a cardiomyogenic phenotype, thereby improving their possible therapeutic potential. hMSCs were transduced with green fluorescent protein (GFP) and myocardin (hMSC(myoc)) or GFP and empty ...
Vitarelli Antonio - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Increased arterial stiffness may participate in the genesis of hypertension and increase of left ventricular (LV) mass after surgical correction of coarctation of the aorta. The purpose of the current study was to assess the aortic elastic properties using Doppler tissue imaging and strain rate imaging in patients after ...
Sakuragi Satoru - - 2008
Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) level has been used as a marker of left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction (LVSD), even though some patients with atherosclerosis have a high BNP level irrespective of LV function. In this study, we investigate whether augmentation index (AI), which is an index of wave reflection, is ...
Grandi Anna M - - 2008
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays a major role in promoting left ventricular (LV) remodeling in essential hypertension. We designed a controlled, randomized pilot study aimed to test the hypothesis that the dual RAS blockade with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor (ACEi) + angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) can be more effective ...
Garcia Mario J - - 2008
During diastole, the left ventricle receives blood from the left atrium that is subsequently ejected into the systemic circulation. In simple terms, the efficiency of left ventricular (LV) filling can be measured as the ability to receive a large volume of blood at a rapid filling rate under low filling ...
Soma Johannes - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The interaction between left ventricular (LV) apical rotation, blood pressure (BP) and body mass in elderly females may reveal mechanisms involved in the syndrome of diastolic heart failure. METHODS: Thirty-one healthy females, age 69-84 years, were studied with echocardiography, ambulatory BP and an exercise capacity (VO2peak) test. RESULTS: LV ...
Choi So Yeon - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy is a powerful predictor of mortality in dialysis patients. Serial measurements of LV mass provide prognostic information. We evaluated the association between changes in biomarkers and changes in LV mass index (LVMI) in hemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS: This was a prospective study of 21 stable ...
Barasch Eddy - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: A significant proportion of patients with severe valvular aortic stenosis (AS) and preserved left ventricular (LV) systolic function have low transvalvular gradients. The study aim was to determine the mechanisms and outcome of patients with this hemodynamic profile of AS. METHODS: Among 1,679 patients ...
DuszaƄska Agata - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The impact of radiofrequency current ablation (RFCA) on left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic function in patients with atrioventricular nodal re-entrant tachycardia (AVNRT) is not well established yet. METHODS: The study group consisted of 25 patients (18 W, mean age 43 +/- 11) with recurrent episodes of AVRT without ...
Takeda Atsushi - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is prevalent in dialysis patients and is recognized as a potent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. We examined the evolution of LVH after starting dialysis and the determinants of changes in LV mass. METHODS: A cohort of 107 patients who had two or more echocardiograms ...
Strand A - - 2008
AIMS: Hypertension is one of several risk factors of cardiovascular disease and is associated with left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic dysfunction. A method for reliably detecting the onset of LV dysfunction before transition to irreversible damage of the myocardium would be of crucial importance in subjects with essential hypertension. ...
Cuspidi Cesare - - 2008
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) assessed by echocardiography has a relevant impact in clinical decision making in hypertensive patients. We investigated the precision and accuracy of hypertensive LVH determination in current clinical practice by a regional-based survey. The study included 211 patients with essential hypertension consecutively attending six hospital outpatient hypertension ...
Wang Jianwen - - 2008
Diastolic dysfunction plays an important role in the pathophysiology of heart failure. Although it is still controversial whether or not patients with preserved ejection fraction have depressed left ventricular (LV) systolic function, LV filling pressures determine exercise tolerance independent of the severity of systolic dysfunction. Therefore, estimation of LV filling ...
Porciani Maria Cristina - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Although optimization of atrioventricular and interventricular delays has been demonstrated to improve hemodynamics in patients with cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), the required time-consuming procedure discourages its use in clinical practice. Recently, a new method for CRT optimization based on the intracardiac electrogram (IEGM) detected by the implanted leads, has ...
Signolet Isabelle L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is associated with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and diastolic dysfunction. The sympathetic nervous system (SNS) is strongly implicated in these alterations. The possible beneficial effect of a centrally mediated sympathetic inhibition on the diastolic function in severe hypertension has never been studied. We have evaluated the cardiac effects ...
Mårtensson Mattias - - 2008
To compare the accuracy of simplified 3-dimensional (3-D) echocardiography vs. multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) software for the quantification of left ventricular (LV) volumes. Three-D echocardiography (3-planes approach) and MSCT-CardIQ software were calibrated by measuring known volumes of 10 phantoms designed to closely mimic blood-endocardium interface. Subsequently, LV volumes were measured ...
Lavine Steven J - - 2008
Decompensated heart failure may present with severe hypertension in patients with preserved (PreEF) or reduced left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (RedEF) and is clinically indistinguishable. Previously, we demonstrated that arterial pressure elevation increases LV filling pressures in a canine model of chronic LV dysfunction with PreEF or RedEF. It is ...
Sleeper Meg M - - 2008
Echocardiographic imaging has become the primary tool to evaluate cardiac structure and function in human and veterinary medicine. The cynomolgus monkey (Macaca fascicularis) is a nonhuman primate species frequently used in biomedical research, particularly for the study of human cardiovascular disease and toxicology, yet echocardiographic reference ranges are not available ...
Raghavan Karthik K Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, ENS 634-A, C0803, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712, USA. - - 2008
Pressure - Volume (PV) analysis is the de facto standard for assessing myocardial function. Conductance based methods have been used for the past 27 years to generate instantaneous left ventricular (LV) volume signal. Our research group has developed the instrumentation and the algorithm for obtaining PV loops based on the ...
Pacher Pál P Section on Oxidative Stress Tissue Injury, Laboratories of Physiological Studies, National Institutes of Health/NIAAA, 5625 Fishers Lane, MSC-9413, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-9413, USA. - - 2008
Ventricular pressure-volume relationships have become well established as the most rigorous and comprehensive ways to assess intact heart function. Thanks to advances in miniature sensor technology, this approach has been successfully translated to small rodents, allowing for detailed characterization of cardiovascular function in genetically engineered mice, testing effects of pharmacotherapies ...
Periasamy Muthu M Davis Heart and Lung Research Institute, The Ohio State University, Columbus OH, USA. - - 2008
Diastolic dysfunction is characterized by prolonged relaxation, increased filling pressure, decreased contraction velocity, and reduced cardiac output. Phenotypical features of diastolic dysfunction can be observed at the level of the isolated myocyte. This article reviews the cellular mechanisms that control relaxation at the level of the myocyte in the healthy ...
Choi Eui-Young - - 2008
Although N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (pro-BNP) has been shown to correlate with left ventricular (LV) filling pressure, pro-BNP-based LV filling pressure prediction has some limitations due to several factors that affect pro-BNP. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of blood hemoglobin concentration and creatinine clearance (CCr) ...
Cramariuc Dana - - 2008
To identify determinants of left ventricular (LV) structure and stress-corrected systolic function in men and women with asymptomatic aortic stenosis (AS), Doppler echocardiography was performed at baseline in 1,046 men and 674 women 28 to 86 years of age (mean 67 +/- 10) recruited in the Simvastatin Ezetimibe in Aortic ...
Pappas Konstantinos D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: It is not clear whether the correction of anemia with erythropoietin (rhuEpo) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) has any benefit on cardiac function and geometry. Most studies are based on indices of systolic function and left ventricular mass (LVM) and the results are conflicting. PATIENTS AND METHODS: ...
Shapiro Brian P - - 2008
Heart failure with normal ejection fraction occurs in elderly patients with hypertensive heart disease. We hypothesized that, in such patients, mineralocorticoid receptor activation accelerates the types of ventricular and vascular remodeling and dysfunction believed important in the transition to heart failure. We tested this hypothesis by administering deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA) ...
Almuntaser Ibrahim - - 2007
Left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction identifies patients at risk of developing heart failure and may be common in patients with hypertension. The prevalence of LV diastolic dysfunction in patients with newly diagnosed hypertension was compared using criteria provided by the Canadian Consensus, European Study Group, and American Medical Association guidelines. ...
Sato Takashi - - 2008
Heart failure is known to predispose to life-threatening ventricular tachyarrhythmias even before compromising the systemic circulation, but the underlying mechanism is not well understood. The aim of this study was to clarify the connexin43 (Cx43) gap junction remodeling and its potential role in the pathogenesis of arrhythmias during the development ...
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