Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2734
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Mulder Paul - - 2008
Inhibition of aldosterone synthase, the key enzyme in aldosterone formation, could be an alternative strategy for mineralocorticoid-receptor antagonists in congestive heart failure (CHF), but its effect in CHF is unknown. We compared, in rats with CHF, the effects of a 7 day and a 12 week treatment with the aldosterone ...
Moe Gordon - - 2008
Angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT(1)R) blockade reduces vascular oxidative stress but whether myocardial oxidative stress represents a mechanism for the beneficial effect of AT(1)R blockade in heart failure is unclear. Furthermore, the impact of AT(1)R blockade on the expression of angiotensin II receptors in heart failure has not been ...
Su Ho-Ming - - 2008
Transmitral E wave velocity was reported to be positively related to left ventricular (LV) filling pressure and negatively related to LV relaxation constant, and isovolumic relaxation flow propagation velocity (IRFPV) was proven recently to be negatively related to LV relaxation constant and independent of preload alterations. Therefore, the combination index, ...
Ross John J - - 2008
Development in the 1950s of the transseptal technique for left heart catheterization is described. Initial studies in animals and human cadavers were followed up by left atrial puncture with measurements of left atrial and left ventricular (LV) pressure (the latter using a small plastic catheter) in patients with cardiac disease. ...
Tuncer Mustafa - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Impaired left ventricular (LV) diastolic relaxation, detected by pulsed Doppler echocardiography, is predictive of a higher incidence of major cardiovascular events in hypertensive patients. An improvement in LV diastolic function is an important goal of treatment. However, treatment of LV diastolic dysfunction remains empirical. The objective of our study ...
Hasegawa Shinji - - 2008
Diastolic heart failure (DHF) has become a high social burden, and its major underlying cardiovascular disease is hypertensive heart disease. However, the pathogenesis of DHF remains to be clarified. This study aimed to assess the effects of cardiac energy efficiency in DHF patients. (11)C-Acetate positron emission tomography and echocardiography were ...
Güneş Yilmaz - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is secreted predominantly from the ventricles in response to increased wall stress, which is known to be one of the major forces driving left ventricular (LV) remodeling. In this prospective study, we evaluated value of BNP levels in acute myocardial infarction (MI) patients for the ...
Yoshizumi T - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Accurate pretransplant estimation of the recipient's standard liver volume (SLV) is important. The purpose of this study was to compare reported formulas for clinical estimation of liver volume among Japanese adults. METHODS: We reviewed data on 70 healthy adults (46 men, 24 women, ages 20 to 65 years old) ...
Kirn Borut - - 2008
By current guidelines a considerable part of the patients selected for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) do not respond to the therapy. We hypothesized that mechanical discoordination [opposite strain within the left ventricular (LV) wall] predicts reversal of LV remodeling upon CRT better than mechanical dyssynchrony. MRI tagging images were acquired ...
Ashikaga Hiroshi H Department of Medicine and Bioengineering, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA. - - 2008
Although previous studies report a reduction in myocardial volume during systole, myocardial volume changes during the cardiac cycle have not been quantitatively analyzed with high spatiotemporal resolution. We studied the time course of myocardial volume in the anterior mid-left ventricular (LV) wall of normal canine heart in vivo (n = ...
Takeda Yasuharu - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Noninvasive assessment of left ventricular (LV) diastolic function is not established in patients with preserved ejection fraction. We investigated a relation between diastolic function and diastolic wall dynamics. METHODS AND RESULTS: In the animal study, data were collected in hypertensive Dahl salt-sensitive rats, a diastolic heart failure (DHF) model ...
Efstratiadis Stilianos - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Electromechanical activation time (EMAT) is a systolic time interval defined as the time from Q-wave onset to the peak first heart sound. We assessed the correlation between systolic dysfunction and EMAT calculated using computerized acoustic cardiography. METHODS: A total of 25 patients with heart failure contemporaneously underwent echocardiography, left-sided ...
Gaasch William H - - 2008
Patients with heart failure show a wide variety of alterations in left ventricular (LV) volume, mass, and function. The purpose of this study was to define the common patterns of LV structural and functional remodeling and consider their clinical implications in patients with chronic heart failure. Two-dimensional echocardiograms obtained during ...
De Ferrari Gaetano M - - 2008
Heart rate (HR) reduction may be useful in treatment of patients with heart failure (HF). There are no data on the haemodynamic effects of ivabradine (a selective I(f) current inhibitor) in advanced HF patients. To assess the haemodynamic effects of ivabradine in patients with advanced HF and markedly depressed left ...
Croft Lori B - - 2008
Retired National Football League (NFL) linemen have higher cardiovascular mortality compared with nonlinemen. We examined echocardiographic characteristics of retired NFL linemen compared with nonlinemen to determine if position-dependent cardiac remodeling resulted in increased left ventricular (LV) mass and left atrial (LA) size. We performed echocardiography in 487 retired NFL football ...
Molina Ezequiel J - - 2009
We studied a novel animal model of pressure overload hypertrophy in transition to heart failure following ascending aortic constriction. We sought to assess chronologic changes in hemodynamic parameters, echocardiographic signs of left ventricular (LV) remodeling, exercise tolerance, and profiles of systemic and local inflammation. A cohort of Sprague Dawley rats ...
Paquet Catherine - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlation between baseline cerebral oxygen saturation (ScO(2)) and cardiac function as assessed by pulmonary artery catheterization and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). DESIGN: A retrospective study. SETTING: A tertiary care university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Cardiac surgery patients. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: Patients undergoing cardiac surgery with bilateral recording of their ...
Hare James L - - 2008
Different patterns of abnormal left ventricular (LV) geometry are associated with variations in prognosis, but the mechanisms of these effects remain undefined. We investigated the association of myocardial deformation with these findings and their evolution. Two-dimensional echocardiography was performed in 85 hypertensive patients referred for serial evaluation (age 58 +/- ...
Chami Hassan A HA Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA. - - 2008
Whether sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is a risk factor for left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and dysfunction is controversial. We assessed the relation of SDB to LV morphology and systolic function in a community-based sample of middle-aged and older adults. The present study was a cross-sectional observational study of 2058 Sleep Heart ...
Dandamudi Gopi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy (TIC) seems to be a form of reversible cardiomyopathy. With recurrence, TIC can be more severe and may increase the risk for sudden cardiac death. OBJECTIVE: We postulate that negative remodeling persists even though ejection fraction (EF) normalizes after appropriate treatment in these patients. METHODS: We analyzed ...
Chantler Paul D - - 2008
In healthy subjects the arterial system and the left ventricle (LV) are tightly coupled at rest to optimize cardiac performance. Systolic hypertension (SH) is a major risk factor for heart failure and is associated with structural and functional alterations in the arteries and the LV. The effects of SH and ...
Tsioufis Costas - - 2008
We investigated the plausible interrelationship of exaggerated blood pressure response (EBPR) during exercise with left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction, both associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes, in the early stages of essential hypertension (EH). Sixty-five consecutive patients (aged 54 years, 56 males) with stage I to II EH underwent 24-hour ambulatory ...
Blair John E A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Current inotropes have inodilator properties and, although are frequently used in acute heart failure syndromes, do not improve outcomes, likely from reduction in systolic blood pressure and increasing in arrhythmias, causing worsened myocardial ischemia and end-organ damage. Istaroxime is a novel agent that, in animal models, has both inotropic ...
Schober K E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a common clinical syndrome characterized by elevated filling pressure. HYPOTHESIS: Doppler echocardiographic (DE) variables of left ventricular (LV) filling can predict a decline of LV end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) induced by acute preload reduction in dogs with compensated CHF. ANIMALS: Five male hound dogs. METHODS: ...
Steendijk P - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) often leads to heart failure, severe symptoms and death. Percutaneous transluminal septal myocardial ablation (PTSMA) by alcohol injection efficiently reduces left ventricular (LV) outflow tract pressure gradient and improves symptoms. We determined acute changes in haemodynamics and systolic and diastolic LV function after PTSMA. METHODS: ...
Hashimoto Junichiro - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Regression of left ventricular (LV) mass during antihypertensive treatment has been associated with reduction in aortic augmentation index, a composite measure of peripheral wave reflection. The aim of this study was to clarify which of the two reflection factors, that is magnitude or timing, plays the dominant role in ...
Pavlopoulos Harry - - 2008
AIMS: To investigate the effects of cardiac remodelling on left ventricular (LV) diastolic function, as evaluated by tissue Doppler and blood-pool indices, with respect to loading as expressed by wall stress. Cardiac remodelling is the major pathophysiological result of increased blood pressure and manifests as changes in the size, shape, ...
ten Brinke Ellen A - - 2008
Heart failure patients are increasingly subjected to surgery. Left ventricular (LV) function is generally assessed in awake patients, but intra-operative LV function is not well studied. To investigate the relation between LV function indices obtained in the catheterization laboratory and those obtained intra-operatively. We enrolled 11 patients with heart failure ...
Zhang Wei - - 2008
The end-diastolic pressure-volume (P-V) relationship (EDPVR) is routinely used to determine the passive left ventricular (LV) stiffness, although the diastatic P-V relationship (D-PVR) has also been measured. Based on the physiological difference between diastasis (the LV and atrium are relaxed and static) and end diastole (LV volume increased by atrial ...
Kim Seong Hwan - - 2008
The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on left ventricular (LV) functional changes by using tissue Doppler imaging-derived indexes in patients with OSA. We studied 62 patients classified into 3 groups, namely 18 with mild to moderate OSA, 24 with severe OSA, ...
Yamamoto Akira - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We developed a new program for gated single-photon emission computed tomography to estimate regional left-ventricular (LV) wall motion. We classified and graded diastolic wall motion, and compared its grading with global LV functions. METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty New York Heart Association functional class I (NYHA class I) patients and ...
Patel Dineshkumar - - 2008
Morbidity and mortality increase when diastolic dysfunction accompanies coronary artery disease (CAD). An elevated stress (201)Tl lung-to-heart ratio (LHR) is a traditional marker of elevated left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP), which adds prognostic value in CAD. Since the introduction of (99m)Tc-labeled agents, this valuable marker has been lost. Hence, there ...
Eguchi Kazuo K Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Jichi Medical University School of Medicine, Tochigi, Japan. - - 2008
It is still controversial whether type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with increased left ventricular (LV) mass independent of body size. We tested the hypothesis that T2DM is independently associated with LV mass in a multiethnic cohort. In the Northern Manhattan Study (NOMAS) cohort sample, a total of 1,932 ...
Palmieri Vittorio - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In cross-sectional data in hypertensive subjects, brachial pulse pressure (PP)/Doppler stroke index (SVi), (PP/SVi) correlates weakly but significantly with left ventricular (LV) mass and relative wall thickness (RWT). METHODS: In the Losartan Intervention For End-point reduction in hypertension (LIFE) study, we evaluated the impact of antihypertensive treatment on change ...
Dokainish Hisham - - 2008
There is controversy regarding the nature of systolic function in patients with elevated filling pressure and preserved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction. In this study, tissue Doppler variables and 2-dimensional echocardiographic systolic strain (SS) and systolic strain rate (SSr) were measured in patients who underwent cardiac catheterization to determine correlations ...
Roes Stijntje D - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of lipid and glucose metabolism in the metabolic syndrome on aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) and left ventricular (LV) diastolic function using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Aortic PWV and LV diastolic function were assessed using MRI in 16 subjects with the ...
Parthenakis Frangiskos I - - 2008
Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and left ventricular (LV) inotropic reserve are major prognostic indexes in heart failure (HF). To investigate the relationship between N-terminal-proBNP (NT-proBNP) changes in response to dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) and the LV inotropic reserve, in HF patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DC). We studied 41 patients with ...
Cayli Murat - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Chronic aortic regurgitation (AR) is a form of volume overload inducing left ventricle (LV) dilatation. Myocardial fibrosis, apoptosis, progressive LV dilatation, and eventually LV dysfunction are seen with the progression of disease. The aim of the study was to assess the relation between LV geometry and LV systolic and ...
Pavlopoulos Harry - - 2008
AIMS: To investigate changes in longitudinal systolic function estimated by strain echocardiography in relation to global diastolic dysfunction and alterations in segmental relaxation patterns. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 75 hypertensive patients, of whom 45 had diastolic dysfunction and normal EF, and 30 matched controls. All subjects had 2D and ...
Toprak Ahmet - - 2008
Left ventricular (LV) structural alterations were associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in a middle-aged and older population. The aim of this study was to determine childhood and adulthood cardiovascular risk predictors of LV geometric remodeling in a biracial (black-white) population of young adults. As part of the Bogalusa ...
Mizuguchi Yukio - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hypercholesterolemia is a well-established risk factor for the development of vascular events. Statins have pleiotropic effects beyond reducing the low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) concentration. This study sought to determine whether treatment with pitavastatin affects latent regional left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic dysfunction and carotid arterial stiffness in patients with ...
Chiladakis John A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Both heart rate irregularity during chronic atrial fibrillation (AF) and ventricular desynchronization imposed by ventricular pacing may compromise ventricular function. We investigated whether heart rhythm regularization achieved through ventricular overdrive pacing (VP) gives additional benefit over rate control alone in patients with AF. METHODS: We studied 27 patients (mean ...
Song Jialin - - 2008
Speckle tracking imaging (STI) was employed to investigate the effect of right ventricular (RV) volume and pressure overload on left ventricular (LV) rotation and twist in 35 patients with atrial septal defect (ASD), 18 of which with pulmonary hypertension, and 21 healthy subjects serving as controls. The peak rotations of ...
Dokainish Hisham - - 2008
Tissue Doppler indexes of left ventricular (LV) filling pressure are prone to angulation errors and tethering and are less reliable in patients with preserved LV ejection fraction and indeterminate early peak transmitral diastolic flow (E)/mitral early diastolic velocity (Ea) (8 <E/Ea <15). Two-dimensional echocardiographic global longitudinal diastolic strain (Ds) and ...
Kawase Yoshiaki - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) ATPase (SERCA2a) gene transfer in a swine heart failure (HF) model. BACKGROUND: Reduced expression and activity of SERCA2a have been documented in HF. Prior studies have reported the beneficial effects of short-term SERCA2a overexpression in ...
Mizuno Hiroumi - - 2008
The difference between peak mitral annular velocity during early diastole (Ea) and the propagation velocity of left ventricular (LV) early diastolic filling flow (Vp) obtained using Doppler imaging as LV relaxation parameters was not fully elucidated. Thus, this issue was investigated in 117 patients with suspected coronary artery disease. During ...
Bøkenes Janny - - 2008
The reduced power of the failing heart can be ascribed to a combination of reduced force and slower contraction. We hypothesized that these two properties are due to different cellular mechanisms. We measured contraction parameters both in vivo and in isolated left ventricular (LV) cardiomyocytes from a rat model of ...
Soliman Osama I I - - 2008
We hypothesized that relief of obstruction in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC) by percutaneous transluminal septal myocardial ablation (PTSMA) improves microvascular dysfunction by relief of extravascular compression. Microvascular dysfunction in obstructive HC is related to extravascular compression by increased left ventricular (LV) mass and LV end-diastolic pressure. The study included ...
Masutani Satoshi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The restrictive filling pattern seen with severe heart failure (HF) may be due to diastolic dysfunction with elevated left ventricular (LV) diastolic pressure or may be merely a manifestation of an overfilled LV as a result of increased left atrial (LA) pressure. We investigated whether the LV restrictive filling ...
Pavlopoulos Harry - - 2008
BACKGROUND: An abnormal segmental relaxation pattern exists as an early sign of diastolic dysfunction (DD), detectable by strain (S) echocardiography. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the relation of segmental relaxation patterns with longitudinal systolic function and symptomatic DD in patients with hypertension (HTN). METHODS: We evaluated ...
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