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Tang Tong - - 2010
This study sought to test the hypothesis that pressure stress of the adenylyl cyclase 6-deleted (AC6-KO) heart would result in excessive hypertrophy, early dilation and dysfunction, and increased fibrosis. Cardiac-directed AC6 expression attenuates left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and dysfunction in cardiomyopathy. AC6-KO and control (CON) mice underwent transverse aortic constriction ...
Maréchaux Sylvestre - - 2010
Left ventricular (LV) longitudinal deformation is a good marker of intrinsic myocardial dysfunction in pressure overload cardiomyopathies. To assess the effect of valvuloarterial haemodynamic load on LV longitudinal deformation in patients with aortic valve stenosis (AVS) and preserved LV ejection fraction (LVEF). Global LV longitudinal strain (GLS) was measured using ...
Lund Barbara P - - 2010
Obesity and hypertension are associated with left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy. Whether an increased body mass index (BMI) affects LV hypertrophy in patients with asymptomatic aortic stenosis independent of hypertension is not known. We used the clinical blood pressure, BMI, and echocardiographic findings recorded at baseline of 1,703 patients with asymptomatic ...
Nightingale Angus K - - 2011
The presence of aortic sclerosis has been associated with increased LV mass, particularly in hypertensive subjects. However, aortic sclerosis has also been associated with endothelial dysfunction, which may provide stimuli for development of left ventricular hypertrophy independent of afterload. Thus, we have sought to determine whether aortic sclerosis is a ...
Masugata Hisashi - - 2010
Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) is widely used as a marker of arterial stiffness, but there are no data regarding the usefulness of measuring baPWV in hypertensive patients after stroke. The purpose of this study was to examine the clinical significance of baPWV by assessing its correlation with echocardiographic parameters ...
Zhang Wei - - 2010
The transmitral Doppler E-wave "delayed relaxation" (DR) pattern is an established sign of diastolic dysfunction (DD). Furthermore, chambers exhibiting a DR filling pattern are also expected to have a prolonged time-constant of isovolumic relaxation (tau). The simultaneous observation of a DR pattern and normal tau in the same heart is ...
Hsiao Shih-Hung - - 2010
Echocardiograms and left ventricular (LV) filling pressure were obtained from 95 patients with chronic severe mitral regurgitation (MR) and 16 patients with acute severe MR. All patients underwent catheterization for preoperative examinations and LV filling pressure measurements. A total of 52 age-, gender- and co-morbidity-matched patients with negative coronary angiographic ...
Al-Omari M A MA Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2011
Endothelin-1 (ET-1), a circulating vasoactive peptide with potent vasoconstricting and mitogenic properties, may contribute to target-organ damage in hypertension. We investigated whether plasma levels of C-terminal pro-endothelin-1 (CT-pro-ET-1) are associated with left ventricular (LV) mass and aortic root diameter in African-American adults with hypertension. Plasma CT-pro-ET-1 was measured by an ...
Dokainish Hisham - - 2010
There are few data on adding left atrial volume index (LAVi) or pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PAP) to the ratio of early mitral inflow to mitral annular velocity (E/e') for the estimation of left ventricular (LV) filling pressure in patients with preserved LV ejection fractions (LVEFs) (>50%). Patients underwent echocardiography ...
Haluska B A - - 2010
There are several methods of assessing total arterial compliance (TAC) based on the two element Windkessel model, which is a ratio of pressure and volume, but the optimal technique is unclear. In this study, three methods of estimating TAC were compared to determine which was the most robust in a ...
Sürücü Hüseyin - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: In our study, we tried to find an answer to the question "How could the association between left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDDF) and increased aortic stiffness (IAS) be explained?" METHODS: Cases without coronary artery disease (CAD) were divided into three groups according to their left ventricular (LV) inflow patterns ...
Burns Andrew T - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Quantification of left ventricular torsion may provide new indices of systolic and diastolic function. We sought to characterize the effect of acute manipulation of load on cardiac torsion, plecotropy in human subjects. METHODS: Simultaneous Millar LV pressure, micromanometry, and echocardiograms were performed on 18 patients (10 male, mean age ...
Nelson Michael D - - 2010
Left ventricular (LV) systolic function increases with passive heat stress (HS); however, less is known about diastolic function. Eight healthy subjects (24.0 +/- 2.0 yr of age) underwent whole body passive heating approximately 1 degrees C above baseline (BL). Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging was used to measure biventricular volumes, function, ...
Hasegawa Takuya - - 2010
Increased left ventricular (LV) mass and endothelial dysfunction are important risk factors for cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. However, it is not clear whether endothelial dysfunction is associated with increased LV mass. We tested the hypothesis that impaired flow-mediated vasodilatation (FMD) is associated with increased LV mass in a population-based multiethnic ...
Popescu Bogdan A - - 2010
The contribution of left ventricular (LV) untwisting to LV suction and early-diastolic filling was previously demonstrated, but this was not yet tested in patients with aortic stenosis (AS). We sought to assess the relationship between LV untwisting and LV filling pressures in patients with severe AS and normal left ventricular ...
Puwanant Sarinya - - 2010
We tested the hypothesis that right ventricular (RV) pressure overload affects RV function and further influences left ventricular (LV) geometry, which adversely affects LV twist mechanics and segmental function. Echocardiographic images were prospectively acquired in 44 patients (age, 46+/-12 years; 82% women) with evidence of pulmonary hypertension (estimated pulmonary artery ...
Bhuiyan Md Shenuarin - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The development of animal models of cardiovascular disease are critical to define pathophysiological mechanisms and to advance diagnosis and therapy. The lack of a suitable animal model represents a failure to define the mechanisms responsible for postmenopausal myocardial hypertrophy in hypertension and adverse cardiac remodeling. METHODS: In this review, ...
Rolandi M - - 2010
The Valsalva maneuver (VM) provokes strong changes in the cardiovascular system and is therefore well suited to study the cardiac-coronary interaction in humans. In 12 patients undergoing catheterization we simultaneously recorded aortic pressure, left ventricular pressure, and intracoronary pressure (Pd) and flow velocity (U) while the patients were performing a ...
Naka Katerina K - - 2010
Thiazolidinediones, used for the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2), are associated with an increased incidence of heart failure. We sought to investigate the effects of pioglitazone on novel echocardiographic indices of left ventricular (LV) diastolic function in DM2 patients with LV diastolic dysfunction (LVDD). Eighty-eight asymptomatic ...
Cameli Matteo - - 2010
The combination of early transmitral inflow velocity and mitral annular tissue Doppler imaging (E/Em ratio) is widely applied to noninvasively estimate left ventricular (LV) filling pressures. However E/Em ratio has a significant gray zone and its accuracy in patients with heart failure is debated. Left atrial (LA) deformation analysis by ...
Khangura Jaspreet - - 2010
Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy is common among patients on hemodialysis. While a relationship between blood pressure (BP) and LV hypertrophy has been established, it is unclear which BP measurement method is the strongest correlate of LV hypertrophy. We sought to determine agreement between various blood pressure measurement methods, as well ...
O'Shea Karen M - - 2010
Pathological left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy frequently progresses to dilated heart failure with suppressed mitochondrial oxidative capacity. Dietary marine ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFA) up-regulate adiponectin and prevent LV dilation in rats subjected to pressure overload. This study 1) assessed the effects of ω-3 PUFA on LV dilation and down-regulation ...
Filseth Ole Magnus - - 2010
We developed a minimally invasive, closed chest pig model with the main aim to describe hemodynamic function during surface cooling, steady state severe hypothermia (one hour at 25°C) and surface rewarming. Twelve anesthetized juvenile pigs were acutely catheterized for measurement of left ventricular (LV) pressure-volume loops (conductance catheter), cardiac output ...
Fotbolcu Hakan H Beytepe Military Hospital, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2010
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is considered the liver component of the metabolic syndrome. We investigated the diastolic and systolic functional parameters of patients with NAFLD and the impact of metabolic syndrome on these parameters. Thirty-five non-diabetic, normotensive NAFLD patients, and 30 controls, were included in this study. Each patient ...
Di Bello Vitantonio - - 2010
Prehypertension predicts established hypertension. In this study, the aim was to analyze left ventricular (LV) mechanics in borderline prehypertensive (pre-HT) and hypertensive (HT) subjects through two-dimensional (2D)-strain echocardiography and then evaluate possible relations between cardiac parameters and insulin metabolism (homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA(IR)). Seventy-four consecutive newly diagnosed, ...
Brooks Wesley W - - 2010
Gene expression, determined by micro-array analysis, and left ventricular (LV) remodeling associated with the transition to systolic heart failure (HF) were examined in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR). By combining transcript and gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) of the LV with assessment of function and structure in age-matched SHR with ...
Park Kyoung-Ha - - 2010
The elevation of left ventricular filling pressure (LVFP) could be an important prognostic factor in patients with hypertension. We hypothesized that noninvasive brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) is associated with increased LVFP in hypertensive patients with LV hypertrophy (LVH). We enrolled patients with well-controlled hypertension for more than 1 year ...
Gardin Julius M - - 2010
Mexican Americans have exhibited increases in various coronary heart disease risk factors compared to European Americans but have also had reportedly lower coronary heart disease mortality from vital statistics studies. We hypothesized this apparent paradox might relate to lower levels of subclinical disease in Mexican Americans. A total of 105 ...
Bajraktari Gani - - 2009
To study the left and right ventricular function and to assess the predictors of increased left ventricular (LV) filling pressure in dialysis patients with preserved LV ejection fraction. This study included 63 consecutive patients (age 57+/-14 years, 57% women) with end-stage renal failure. Echocardiography, including tissue Doppler measurements, was performed ...
Stansfield William E - - 2009
Maladaptive left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) remains a prevalent and highly morbid condition associated with end-stage heart disease. Originally evaluated in the context of bone development, periostin is important in endocardial cushion formation and has recently been implicated in heart failure. Because of its potential role in cardiovascular development, we sought ...
Chahal Navtej S - - 2010
Remodelling of the left ventricle (LV) is associated with adverse cardiovascular events, but the mechanisms of these effects remain undefined. We investigated the relationship of LV mass and geometry to LV function in a large cohort of hypertensive subjects. We studied 1074 hypertensive individuals without cardiovascular disease recruited from the ...
Cuspidi C - - 2010
Little information is available about the burden of hypertension on echo-lab activity in current practice. The aim of the present nation-wide survey in outpatient echo-labs was to investigate the prevalence rates of (1) echo examinations performed for the evaluation of hypertensive cardiac damage; (2) reports providing quantitative data on left ...
Esposito Giovanni - - 2010
Pressure overload has been shown to induce mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and reactivate the atrial natriuretic factor in the heart. To test the sensitivity of these signals to pressure overload, we assayed the activity of MAPKs extracellular signal-regulated kinase, c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1, and p38 in protein lysates from ...
Laviolle Bruno - - 2009
Heart failure induced by aortic stenosis in young guinea pigs could constitute an interesting model for pharmacology, but its natural history needs to be characterized. One hundred five guinea pigs (3-4 weeks old) underwent thoracic aortic banding with 12- (B12G) or 14-gauge (B14G) needles or similar sham operations (S12G, S14G). ...
Bhuiyan Md Shenuarin - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Decreased dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) levels are associated with endothelial dysfunction and increased cardiovascular mortality in postmenopausal women. We investigated the role of DHEA, also known as sigma-1 receptor (Sig-1R) agonist, in myocardial hypertrophy, cardiac functional recovery and defined mechanisms of cardioprotective action. METHODS: Wistar rats subjected to bilateral ovariectomy (OVX) ...
Brandts Anne - - 2009
PURPOSE: To assess the possible association between aortic arch stiffness, which may cause hypertensive cardiovascular disease, and cardiac and cerebral end-organ damage in patients with hypertension by using magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Approval from the local institutional review board was obtained, and patients gave informed consent. Fifty ...
Richey Phyllis A - - 2010
Children with hypertension (HTN) are at increased risk for left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). Increased left ventricular (LV) mass (LVM) by the process of remodeling in response to volume or pressure loading may be eccentric (increased LV diameter) or concentric (increased wall thickness). Our objective was to classify LV geometry among ...
Cowan Brett R BR Auckland MRI Research Group, University of Auckland, Auckland, New - - 2009
The ONgoing Telmisartan Alone and in combination with Ramipril Global Endpoint Trial (ONTARGET) showed that the angiotensin receptor blocker telmisartan 80 mg was not inferior to the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor ramipril 10 mg, and the combination no more effective than ramipril alone, in decreasing morbidity and mortality in patients with ...
Teo Swee Guan - - 2010
Diastolic dysfunction may result in elevation of left ventricular (LV) and atrial pressures, resulting in left atrial (LA) remodelling. We examined the effects of LV diastolic dysfunction on LA volume and function. We measured LA volume and function in 83 patients with normal LV systolic function. The LV diastolic function ...
Pratola Claudio - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Not all candidates for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) are responders at follow-up. Echocardiographic parameters of dyssynchrony do not predict the response. Analysis of electrical properties of left ventricle (LV) by noncontact mapping (NCM) could be useful to better identify candidates for CRT. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied nine consecutive ...
Civilibal Mahmut - - 2009
AIM: Cardiovascular abnormalities are common in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Left ventricular (LV) structure and functions have been extensively studied by conventional pulse-wave Doppler echocardiography (cPWD), however, tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) is a relatively new echocardiography method. The aims of this study were to evaluate LV diastolic function ...
Masugata Hisashi - - 2009
Recent automated applanation tonometry can measure radial pulse wave-derived central blood pressure (CBP), which has shown a prognostic value independently of peripheral blood pressure. However, CBP's clinical significance has not been fully established. We examined the associations between CBP and cardiac structure and function by comparing them with those of ...
L??pez-Candales Angel - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) is known to occur in severe chronic pulmonary hypertension (PH); however, the mechanism(s) remains unclear. METHODS: Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) was used to track early (E) diastolic signals of basal and mid portions of the interventricular septum (IS) and LV free wall (LVFw) in ...
Vlahović-Stipac Alja - - 2010
Gestational hypertension (GH) is associated with hemodynamic changes, and alterations of systolic and diastolic left ventricular (LV) function. However, the magnitude and pattern of changes of different parameters of LV function and contractility in this patient population have not been fully clarified. Thirty-five pregnant women with GH underwent three echocardiographic ...
Vasan Ramachandran S - - 2009
Leukocyte telomere length (LTL) decreases over the adult life course owing to the cumulative burden of oxidative stress, inflammation, and exposure to vascular risk factors. Left ventricular (LV) mass is a biomarker of long-standing exposure to cardiovascular disease risk factors. We hypothesized that LTL is related inversely to LV mass. ...
Nakajima-Takenaka Chikako - - 2009
We investigated left ventricular (LV) mechanical work and energetics in the cross-circulated (blood-perfused) isoproterenol [Iso 1.2 mg x kg(-1).day(-1) for 3 days (Iso3) or 7 days (Iso7)]-induced hypertrophied rat heart preparation under isovolumic contraction-relaxation. We evaluated pressure-time curves per beat, end-systolic pressure-volume and end-diastolic pressure-volume relations, and myocardial O(2) consumption ...
Cipolli Jos?? A A - - 2009
Aortic root (AoR) dilatation is more frequently observed in hypertensive individuals and is independently associated with left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy. Although the LV structure has sex-specific predictors, it remains unknown whether there are gender-related differences in the determinants of AoR size. We carried out a cross-sectional analysis of clinical, laboratory, ...
Gelpi Ricardo J - - 2009
Calcineurin is a Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein phosphatase that induces myocardial growth in response to several physiological and pathological stimuli. Calcineurin inhibition, induced either via cyclosporine or genetically, can decrease myocardial hypertrophy secondary to pressure overload without affecting left ventricular (LV) systolic function. Since hypertrophy can also affect LV diastolic function, the ...
Ito Hiroshi - - 2009
We investigated the impact of lowering blood pressure (BP) with azelnidipine, a newly developed calcium channel blocker, generation on the left ventricular (LV) diastolic function and LV filling pressure by assessing non-invasive indices derived from echo Doppler study. This study evaluated 232 hypertensive patients with diastolic dysfunction. This study had ...
Goda Akiko - - 2009
Echocardiographically determined inappropriateness of left ventricular mass (LVM) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular events. Although LV hypertrophy is associated with an increase in the plasma brain natriuretic peptide level and decreased LV diastolic filling, it is unknown whether the inappropriateness of LVM affects them. We studied 77 untreated ...
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