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Giridharan Guruprasad A GA Cardiovascular Innovation Institute, Departments of Surgery and Bioengineering, University of Louisville, 500 South Floyd Street, Louisville, KY 40202, - - 2006
A volume-displacement counterpulsation device (CPD) intended for chronic implantation via a superficial surgical approach is proposed. The CPD is a pneumatically driven sac that fills during native heart systole and empties during diastole through a single, valveless cannula anastomosed to the subclavian artery. Computer simulation was performed to predict and ...
Palecek Tomas - - 2006
Fabry disease is an X-linked genetic disorder characterized by progressive intracellular accumulation of neutral glycosphingolipids. Cardiac involvement is frequent and left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction is present in most of the affected subjects. Pulsed-wave tissue Doppler echocardiography (PW-TDE) and color M-mode are new Doppler methods for LV diastolic function evaluation. ...
Wang Xiaohong - - 2006
In an established swine model of severe left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy (LVH), the bioenergetic and functional consequences of transplanting autologous mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) overexpressing vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF-MSCs) into the LV were evaluated; transplantation was accomplished by infusion of VEGF-MSCs into the interventricular cardiac vein. Specifically, the hypertrophic ...
Lembcke Alexander - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that passive epicardial constraint using a cardiac support device (CSD) reduces left ventricular (LV) size. However, specific data describing LV shape and the time course of changes in LV geometry are still incomplete. Thus, the aim of this study was-using 3-dimensional data sets obtained by ...
Prasad S K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of the dual endothelin A/B receptor antagonist enrasentan with enalapril on left ventricular (LV) remodelling. METHODS: Multicentre, randomised, double blind, parallel group study of 72 asymptomatic patients with LV dysfunction. Patients received enrasentan (60-90 mg/day) or enalapril (10-20 mg/day). The primary end point was the ...
Ghista Dhanjoo N - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In this paper, the left ventricle (LV) is modeled as a cylinder with myocardial fibers located helically within its wall. A fiber is modeled into myocardial structural units (MSUs); the core entity of each MSU is the sarcomeric contractile element. The relationship between the sarcomere unit's contractile force and ...
de las Fuentes Lisa L Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA. - - 2005
Diastolic dysfunction, manifested by impaired left ventricular (LV) relaxation, is prevalent among individuals with metabolic disorders. The objective of this study was to evaluate the extent to which plasma triglyceride (TG) levels are related to LV diastolic function. A total of 424 subjects (age 49 +/- 12 years) had fasting ...
Joung Boyoung - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: This study was sought to investigate whether plasma N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (proBNP) can help identify patients with an elevated left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) or filling pressures in patients with a normal systolic function. BACKGROUND: The proBNP is a good predictor of an elevated LVEDP in patients with ...
Sengupta Partho P - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether the onset and progression of regional left ventricular (LV) shortening and lengthening parallel the apex-to-base differences in depolarization and repolarization. BACKGROUND: Limited information exists regarding apex-to-base differences in longitudinal and circumferential deformation sequence of the LV. METHODS: The apex-to-base differences in electric activation and the progression ...
Chinali Marcello - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The force needed to fill the left ventricle (LV) in late diastole (left atrial systolic force [LASF]) is abnormal in diseased hearts. The goal of this study was to determine whether LASF adds to prognostic prediction of other markers of preclinical cardiovascular disease in a population with a high ...
Seo Hye-Sun - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Non-dippers are known to carry a high risk of cardiovascular complications due to higher cumulative 24-h pressure load over time. In this study, we hypothesized that non-dippers would be associated with adverse cardiac remodeling and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in treated hypertensive patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of ...
Xiao Han B - - 2006
Global systolic and diastolic LV function assessed by conventional echocardiographic indices is often normal in patients with controlled hypertension, with or without left ventricular hypertrophy. However, it is not certain whether regional myocardial function in these patients remains normal. We investigated 26 patients and 10 age matched normal controls, by ...
Conen David - - 2006
The diagnosis of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy, an independent predictor of death and cardiovascular events, is difficult without using echocardiography. This study tested the hypothesis whether C-reactive protein (CRP) and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) would be useful to exclude echocardiographic LV hypertrophy. Consecutive hypertensive outpatients were asked to participate. Exclusion ...
Grandi Anna M - - 2006
Left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction is a main feature of diabetic heart disease. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the influence of glycemic control on diastolic function in type 1 diabetes mellitus. Thirty-six normotensive (24-hour blood pressure <130/80 mm Hg) subjects with inadequately controlled (glycated hemoglobin >7%) ...
Limongelli Giuseppe - - 2006
AIM: To study, by conventional echocardiography, left ventricular remodelling and function in master athletes, hypertension and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. METHODS: We studied 30 master athletes (MA; soccer players; mean age 43.9+/-5.9), 24 subjects with essential hypertension (HYP; 46.6+/-6), 20 patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM; 42.2+/-9) and 30 normal individuals (CG; 43.4+/-5). ...
Harris Kevin M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Mitral regurgitation (MR) is a progressive disorder that leads to left ventricular (LV) dilatation and dysfunction. Previous small studies have shown conflicting results regarding the benefits of afterload reduction for MR. METHODS: We assessed by serial echocardiography the effects of ramipril on MR severity and LV size by a ...
Borsboom H - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) hypertension is common and often leads to left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and diastolic dysfunction, but hypotension at the onset of dialysis is associated with increased mortality. We studied blood pressure data over longer periods of time in patients on haemodialysis and related ...
Marcelli Emanuela - - 2005
Cardiac apex rotation, quantified by sophisticated techniques (radiopaque markers and tagged magnetic resonance), has been shown to provide a sensitive index of left ventricle (LV) dynamics. The authors describe the first experimental assessment of cardiac apex rotation using a gyroscopic sensor based on Coriolis force, epicardially glued on the apex. ...
Reant Patricia - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Isolated atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with mild enlargement of the left atrium (LA) and left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction. The impact of ablation of isolated AF on left chamber size and function is unclear, and whether diastolic dysfunction is the cause or the consequence of AF remains unknown. ...
Hayashi Shirley Yumi - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Tissue Doppler velocity imaging (TVI) is a new objective method that accurately quantifies myocardial tissue velocities, deformation, time intervals and left ventricular (LV) filling pressure. In this study, TVI was compared with conventional echocardiography for ...
Westermann Dirk - - 2006
The cardiac troponin T I79N mutation, linked to familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, carries a high risk of sudden cardiac death even in the absence of significant cardiac hypertrophy. The pathology underlying this mechanism has not yet been identified. To study the underlying mechanism of this phenomenon we characterized the left ventricular ...
Anamourlis Christopher - - 2006
The cellular signaling pathways responsible for the transition from compensated left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) to LV dilatation (remodeling) and heart failure are unclear. As chronic administration of a beta-adrenoreceptor (beta-AR) agonist mediates the premature onset of cardiac remodeling without myocyte necrosis or myocardial dysfunction in LVH, we suggest that beta-AR ...
Sekiguchi Yukio - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) of severely symptomatic monomorphic ventricular premature beats (VPBs) is reported to be a safe and effective treatment option. However, the chronic hemodynamic effects of these VPBs have not been precisely evaluated. METHODS AND RESULTS: We sought to investigate chronic effects after decreasing the number of ...
Kidawa Michal - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Recently, two new indexes based on the ratio of transmitral early diastolic velocity (E) to tissue Doppler imaging (TDI), and early diastolic velocity of mitral annulus (E') and E to propagation velocity (Vp) have been proposed to predict left ventricular (LV) filling pressures. However, little is known about the ...
Su Ho-Ming - - 2005
To predict pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) noninvasively, several Doppler combination indices have been developed. Recently, a fair correlation has been found between the time constant of isovolumic left ventricular (LV) relaxation (tau) and pulsed wave Doppler LV inflow propagation velocity (LVIPVpw) derived through the application of range ambiguity phenomenon. ...
Yang Hua - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and left atrial (LA) enlargement have increased morbidity and mortality. We analyzed the clinical and echocardiographic factors related to LA enlargement, particularly the degree of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and diastolic function. METHODS: A total of 104 patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (age 53 +/- 15 ...
Ruan Qinyun - - 2006
We sought to examine the hemodynamic determinants and clinical application of the peak acceleration rate of early (Ea) diastolic velocity of the mitral annulus by tissue Doppler. Simultaneous left atrial and left ventricular (LV) catheterization and Doppler echocardiography were performed in 10 dogs. Preload was altered using volume infusion and ...
Hirata Kozo - - 2005
Sildenafil is rarely used in patients with heart failure despite a high prevalence of erectile dysfunction, and the theoretic possibility that by increasing nitric oxide availability, it may improve left ventricular (LV) load and performance. This study aimed to determine the peak effects of sildenafil on LV load and performance ...
Verbeek Xander A A M - - 2006
This study explores the use of interventricular asynchrony (interVA) for optimizing cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), an idea emerging from a simple pathway model of conduction in the ventricles. Measurements were performed in six dogs with chronic left bundle branch block (LBBB) and in 29 patients of the Pacing Therapies for ...
Takemoto Yasuhiko - - 2005
Left atrial (LA) volume is a barometer of diastolic dysfunction. Whether it predicts congestive heart failure (CHF) in patients with preserved left ventricular (LV) systolic function is not known. Olmsted County, Minnesota, residents aged > or = 65 years referred for transthoracic echocardiography from 1990 to 1998, who were in ...
Everett Thomas H TH - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Much of the research performed studying the mechanism of ventricular fibrillation (VF) has been in normal ventricles rather than under a pathological condition predisposing to VF. We hypothesized that different ventricular substrates would alter the mechanism and characteristics of VF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Three groups of dogs were studied: ...
Brower Gregory L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and dilation are important compensatory responses to chronic volume overload; however, the mechanisms responsible for this LV remodeling have not been well characterized. Previous observations that the number of myocardial mast cells are increased in congestive heart failure (CHF) suggested the hypothesis that mast cells ...
Agricola Eustachio - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Doppler of mitral and pulmonary vein flows are used to estimate left ventricular (LV) filling pressure. Mitral regurgitation (MR) makes unreliable these parameters by inducing changes of both mitral inflow and pulmonary vein flow. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether Doppler tissue imaging (DTI) diastolic indices obtained at the level of ...
Takemoto Yasuhiko - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Strain echocardiography can depict segmental mechanical activity with high temporal and spatial accuracy, and may allow assessment of segmental relaxation not possible with conventional echocardiography. METHODS: Conventional and strain echocardiography were performed in healthy volunteers (young [group 1] and old [group 2]) and patients with normal 2-dimensional and stress ...
Samad Bassem A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to characterize myocardial velocity profiles in different types of diastolic dysfunction for patients with severely decreased left ventricular (LV) systolic function. METHODS: A total of 126 patients with congestive heart failure and an LV ejection fraction of 35% or less were included. Patients underwent an echocardiographic ...
Ozhan Hakan - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We sought to clarify the possible role of elastic properties of the ascending aorta in the development of cardiac disease associated with hypothyroidism (HT). METHODS: A total of 37 patients with HT (age: 39.3 +/- 8.9 years) and 29 control subjects were studied. Ascending Aortic (Ao) diameter, Ao elastic ...
Gjertsson Peter - - 2005
Patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) are known to have increased left ventricular (LV) mass and diastolic dysfunction. It has been suggested that LV mass and diastolic function normalize after aortic valve replacement (AVR). In the present study, change in LV mass index and diastolic function 10 years after AVR ...
Nakae Ichiro - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the left ventricular (LV) functional parameters calculated using quantitative electrocardiography (ECG)-gated myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (QGS). In addition to LV systolic parameters, diastolic parameters were compared with those by ultrasound echocardiography (UCG) and also with plasma B-type natriuretic ...
Lim Tiong K - - 2006
Left atrial volume index (LAVI) is increasingly recognised as a relatively load-independent marker of left ventricular (LV) filling pressures. We assessed the capacity of LAVI to predict LV diastolic dysfunction in comparison with N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NTproBNP) in patients with suspected heart failure and a normal ejection fraction ...
Ie Eric H Y - - 2005
BACKGROUND: LV systolic dysfunction in dialysis patients has been implicated in the genesis of dialysis hypotension. End-systolic elastance (E(es)), a relatively load-independent parameter of myocardial contractility, was assessed by testing the acute left ventricular (LV) response to nitroglycerine (NTG) in hypotension-prone (HP) and hypotension-resistant (HR) patients. METHODS: Routine measurement of ...
Almeida Jorge Reis JR Laboratory of Morphometry and Cardiovascular Morphology, Biomedical Centre, Institute of Biology, State University of Rio de Janeiro, - - 2005
Postnatal heart remodeling was studied in rats submitted to prenatal protein--calorie restriction (R). Offspring were divided in four groups: control male (CM) and female (CF) vs. restricted male (RM) and female (RF) and lived 120 days. The offspring blood pressure (BP) and biometry were periodically analyzed. In the euthanasia day, ...
Pantalos George M - - 2005
Echocardiographic measurements of astronaut cardiac function have documented an initial increase, followed by a progressive reduction in both left ventricular end-diastolic volume index and stroke volume with entry into microgravity (micro-G). The investigators hypothesize that the observed reduction in cardiac filling may, in part, be due to the absence of ...
Palazzuoli A - - 2005
Carvedilol treatment in chronic heart failure (CHF) demonstrated to reduce mortality and rehospitalisation, and improvement of cardiac systolic function with reduction of left ventricular volumes and remodelling. The effects of the drug on left ventricular (LV) filling are less studied. Systolic dysfunction is often associated to diastolic alteration, pseudonormal and ...
Rahko Peter S - - 2005
The long-term clinical benefit of beta blockade is well recognized, but data quantifying long-term effects of beta blockade on remodeling of the left ventricle (LV) is limited. This consecutive series evaluates the long-term response of the LV to the addition of carvedilol to conventional therapy for dilated cardiomyopathy. There were ...
Pascotto Marco - - 2005
This study sought to evaluate global and regional left ventricular (LV) function before and early after device closure of atrial septal defects (ASDs) in patients with normal pulmonary pressure. Global LV diastolic function was unaffected by ASD closure. An improvement in global LV systolic function at rest resulted in an ...
Kurzidim Klaus - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Aim of this invasive study was to characterize and quantify changes in left ventricular (LV) systolic function due to sequential biventricular pacing (BV) as compared to right atrial triggered simultaneous BV (BV(0)), LV, and right ventricular (RV) pacing in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). METHODS: In 22 CHF ...
Khalife Wissam I - - 2005
Growing evidence suggests that thyroid dysfunction may contribute to progression of cardiac disease to heart failure. We investigated the effects of a therapeutic dose of thyroid hormones (TH) on cardiomyopathic (CM) hamsters from 4 to 6 mo of age. CM hamsters had subclinical hypothyroidism (normal thyroxine, elevated TSH). Left ventricular ...
Tsioufis Costas - - 2005
In this study, we investigated possible relations between left ventricular (LV) concentric remodeling and plasma levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and serum amyloid-A (SAA) in subjects who had essential hypertension; 65 consecutive subjects who had hypertension, did not have diabetes, and had normal LV mass were categorized as those ...
Tschöpe Carsten - - 2005
AIMS: Diastolic heart failure is a frequent entity but difficult to diagnose. N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) was therefore investigated as a possible non-invasive parameter to diagnose isolated diastolic dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty-eight symptomatic patients with isolated diastolic dysfunction and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (> or ...
Popović Zoran B - - 2005
While the heart size maintains a constant proportion to body size, heart function parameters, such as heart rate and cardiac output, show a more complex scaling pattern. How these phenomena affect the long-axis left ventricular (LV) function is unknown. We studied 10 mice, 15 rats, 6 rabbits, 8 mongrel dogs ...
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