Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 2719
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Simko F - - 2007
Aldosterone receptor antagonist, spironolactone, has been shown to prevent remodeling of the heart in several models of left ventricular hypertrophy. The aim of the present study was to determine whether the treatment with spironolactone can prevent hypertension, reduction of tissue nitric oxide synthase activity and left ventricular (LV) and aortic ...
Duszańska Agata - - 2007
Background: Incessant tachycardia may result in left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction. Little is known about the influence of atrioventricular tachycardia (AVRT) and atrioventricular nodal re-entrant tachycardia (AVNRT) on LV systolic and diastolic function. The aim of the study was to assess LV systolic and diastolic function and factors affecting LV ...
Liang Yuanhong - - 2007
Gene therapy has been applied to reduce blood pressure in rats. However, little is known about the effects of gene therapy on both blood pressure and left ventricular (LV) remodeling. This study was designed to compare the antihypertensive effect of ss(1) adrenergic receptor antisense oligodeoxynucleotides (ss(1)- AS-ODN) by delivery with ...
Prefumo F - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the maternal cardiac function and serum concentration of cardiac troponin T (cTnT) and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in first-trimester patients, according to uterine artery Doppler velocimetry (UADV). METHODS: This cross-sectional study included singleton pregnancies with normal UADV (n=17) and abnormal UADV (n=19). Maternal echocardiography was performed ...
Sigfridsson Andreas - - 2007
PURPOSE: To develop a new volumetric imaging method resolved over both the cardiac and respiratory cycles, to enable future physiological and pathophysiological studies of respiratory-related cardiac motion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An acquisition scheme is proposed whereby the k-space acquisition order is controlled in real-time by the current cardiac and respiratory ...
Su Ho-Ming - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The T(Ea-E), which is defined as the time interval between the peak of the R-wave and the onset of early diastolic mitral annular waveform (T(Ea)) minus the time interval between the peak of the R-wave and the onset of early diastolic mitral inflow waveform (T(E)), is recently proposed as ...
Krenning Boudewijn J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The effects of hemodialysis (HD) on left ventricular (LV) function have been studied by various echocardiographic techniques (M-mode, 2D echocardiography). These studies are hampered by a low accuracy of measurements because of geometric assumptions regarding LV shape. Three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) overcomes this limitation. METHODS: We tested the feasibility of ...
Zizek Bogomir - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate left ventricular (LV) morphology and function in normotensive offspring of subjects with essential hypertension (familial trait - FT), and to determine the association between LV mass and determinants of LV diastolic function and endothelium-dependent (NO-mediated) dilation of the brachial artery (BA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The ...
Henderson Brooke C - - 2007
Elevated oxidative stress has been characterized in numerous disorders including systemic hypertension, arterial stiffness, left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and heart failure. The peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) ameliorates oxidative stress and LVH. To test the hypothesis that PPARgamma decreased LVH and cardiac fibrosis in chronic pressure overload, in part, ...
Kirn Borut - - 2007
We studied the variation from the simultaneous contraction of the normal left ventricle (LV). The pattern of the contraction along the LV long axes was assessed on the LV free wall on seven guinea pig hearts in situ with ultra fast video system and epicardial markers by means of the ...
Bergman Marina R - - 2007
Although enhanced cardiac matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 synthesis has been associated with ventricular remodeling and failure, whether MMP-2 expression is a direct mediator of this process is unknown. We generated transgenic mice expressing active MMP-2 driven by the alpha-myosin heavy chain promoter. At 4 mo MMP-2 transgenic hearts demonstrated expression of ...
Jegger David - - 2007
It has been suggested that the shape of the normalized time-varying elastance curve [E(n)(t(n))] is conserved in different cardiac pathologies. We hypothesize, however, that the E(n)(t(n)) differs quantitatively after myocardial infarction (MI). Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 9) were anesthetized, and the left anterior descending coronary artery was ligated to provoke ...
Fielitz Jens - - 2007
Pressure overload leads to myocardial remodelling with collagen accumulation, left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), neurohormonal activation and myocardial dysfunction. Prolyl 4-hydroxylases (P4H) are involved in collagen maturation. Inhibition of P4H has been shown to prevent LV remodelling and improve survival post-myocardial infarction. To evaluate the role of P4H in pressure overload-induced ...
Balakumar Pitchai - - 2006
The present study has been designed to investigate the effect of Ac-DEVD-CHO, a specific caspase-3 inhibitor in partial abdominal aortic constriction for 4 week-induced pathological and chronic swimming training for 8 week-induced physiological cardiac hypertrophy. Ac-DEVD-CHO (2 mg/kg intraperitoneally, day(-1)) treatment was started three days before partial abdominal aortic constriction ...
Jenkins Carly - - 2007
Echocardiographic follow-up of left ventricular (LV) volumes is difficult because of the test-retest variation of 2-dimensional echocardiography (2DE). We investigated whether the accuracy and reproducibility of real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) would make this modality more feasible for serial follow-up of LV measurements. We performed 2DE and RT3DE and cardiac magnetic ...
Lemmens Katrien - - 2007
Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy (LVH) is an adaptive response to hemodynamic overload, but also contributes to the pathogenesis of heart failure. LVH can be concentric (cLVH) but subsequent dilatation and progression to eccentric hypertrophy (eLVH) may lead to global pump failure. Recently, several endogenous molecular inhibitors of hypertrophy have been ...
Butler Javed - - 2007
Along with coronary evaluation, 64-slice multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) permits comprehensive assessment of left ventricular (LV) anatomy and function; however, how it compares with 2-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in patients with heart failure (HF) is not known. In this study, we compared 25 patients with ejection fractions of <45% who ...
Avelar Erick - - 2007
Obese subjects have a high prevalence of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy. It is unclear to what extent LV hypertrophy results directly from obesity or from associated conditions, such as hypertension, impaired glucose homeostasis, or obstructive sleep apnea. We tested the hypothesis that LV hypertrophy in severe obesity is associated with ...
Brickson S - - 2007
Cardiac myosin binding protein-C (cMyBP-C) is a thick filament-associated protein that binds tightly to myosin and has a potential role for modulating myocardial contraction. We tested the hypothesis that cMyBP-C 1) contributes to the enhanced in vivo contractile state following beta-adrenergic stimulation and 2) is necessary for myocardial adaptation to ...
Moorjani Narain - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cardiomyocyte apoptosis is implicated in the pathogenesis of heart failure and mitochondria play an important role in this mode of cell death. In this study, activity of the Bcl-2 family of mitochondrial apoptotic proteins and their regulator (p53) were assessed during the transition to heart failure. METHODS: Ten adult ...
Kim Hyung Kook - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare estimates of left ventricular (LV) end-systolic elastance created by inferior vena caval (IVC) occlusion with those by apneic continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective interventional study in a university large animal research laboratory. SUBJECTS: Sixteen intact, pentobarbital-anesthetized mongrel male dogs. INTERVENTIONS: Insertion of LV ...
Muiesan M Lorenza - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The appropriateness of left ventricular (LV) mass to cardiac workload may be calculated by the ratio of observed LV mass to the value predicted for an individual's sex, height, and stroke work at rest. OBJECTIVE: To investigate test-retest reproducibility of observed/predicted LV mass in a single patient. DESIGN AND ...
Bedi Maninder - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Wide QRS complexes are associated with left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony, but an optimal site of LV pacing has not been established. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that concordance between the sites of LV pacing and of latest LV mechanical activation during cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is associated with more favorable acute ...
Lavine Steven J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Decompensated heart failure with preserved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) is often accompanied by hypertensive episodes. We hypothesized that acute increase in arterial pressure results in elevated early and late diastolic LV pressures as a result of further impaired LV relaxation. METHODS: To test this hypothesis, we used ...
Ogunyankin Kofo O - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Commonly used echocardiographic indices for grading diastolic function predicated on mitral inflow Doppler analysis have a poor diagnostic concordance and discriminatory value. Even when combined with other indices, significant overlap prevents a single group assignment for many subjects. We tested the relative validity of echocardiographic and clinical algorithms for ...
Goland Sorel - - 2006
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is linked to the metabolic syndrome. The aim of the present study is to determine the effect of the metabolic syndrome on left ventricular (LV) geometry and function using as a model patients with NAFLD. Thirty-eight patients with NAFLD, less than 55 years of age ...
Vaskelyte Jolanta - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The issues regarding the appropriate management of patients with ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) and advanced left ventricular (LV) dysfunction are controversial and limited. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the mid-term dynamics of MR, LV dimensions, function and NYHA functional class in patients ...
Yu Cheuk-Man - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to examine whether diastolic and systolic asynchrony exist in diastolic heart failure (DHF) and their prevalence and relationship to systolic heart failure (SHF) patients. BACKGROUND: Few data exist on mechanical asynchrony in DHF. METHODS: Tissue Doppler echocardiography was performed in 373 heart failure patients (281 ...
Grandi Anna Maria - - 2006
In our retrospective study, we evaluated whether ACE inhibitors can influence left ventricular (LV) morphofunctional characteristics in essential hypertension independently of the antihypertensive effect. We studied 21 hypertensive patients (group 1) before and after at least 18 months of treatment with ACE inhibitors that did not induce any blood pressure ...
Govind Satish C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The advent of colour-coded tissue velocity echocardiography (TVE) has now made it possible to quantify left ventricular (LV) functions in patients with systemic arterial hypertension (HTN). Hypothesis In this project, we have studied the cardiac effects of a single dose of orally administered valsartan in patients with known HTN. ...
George Isaac - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Passive restraint of the left ventricle (LV) has been shown to have beneficial effects on acute hemodynamics and reverse remodeling in both animal and human models. The goals of this study were to test whether a left ventricular support device (LVSD) improves LV synchrony and/or affects cardiac performance. METHODS: ...
Le Corvoisier Philippe - - 2007
CONTEXT: Experimental studies suggest that GH treatment may improve cardiovascular parameters in chronic heart failure (CHF). However, clinical trials involved small numbers of patients and did not allow a conclusion to be drawn on the effect of this treatment in humans. OBJECTIVE: We systematically reviewed and analyzed all randomized controlled ...
Thai Hoang - - 2006
This study was designed to determine the effects of pretreatment with an angiotensin receptor blocker on left ventricular (LV) function and remodeling during acute myocardial infarction (MI). Sprague-Dawley rats were pretreated with candesartan (10 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1)) for 2 weeks and studied at 1, 3, and 6 minutes ...
Landesberg Amir - - 2006
A novel physiological cardiac assist device (PCAD), the LEV RAM assist device, which is synchronized with the failing heart ejection, was developed to improve the failing heart systolic and diastolic functions and cardiac energetics. The PCAD uses a single short cannula, which is inserted into the beating left ventricle (LV) ...
Cioffi Giovanni - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels depend on left ventricular (LV) filling pressures and correlate with the state of neurohormonal modulation in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). In these subjects, therapy of decompensated CHF can determine acute changes in BNP levels. METHODS AND RESULTS: We defined the sequential ...
Kuma Fumiaki - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Although ultrasound (US) is widely used in cardiology, little is known about the effects of US energy on cardiac performance. This study aimed to investigate the mechanical effects of high-intensity continuous US energy (1.0 MHz with 3 different intensities) on cardiac performance. METHODS AND RESULTS: Either left ventricular (LV) ...
Innelli Pasquale - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the incremental diagnostic role of tissue Doppler in primary cardiac amyloidosis (CA). METHODS: Eleven patients with CA at diagnosis and 11 healthy controls, matched for sex and age, underwent standard Doppler echocardiography and pulsed tissue Doppler of the left ventricular (LV) ...
Strum David P - - 2006
Left ventricular (LV) contraction dyssynchrony is not easily quantified. We previously described a model for quantifying LV dyssynchrony that referenced regional amplitude and phase angles to global LV systole using esmolol-induced regional dyskinesis. We tested the hypothesis that our sine wave model and phase angle analysis of regional dyssynchrony in ...
Kjaergaard Jesper - - 2006
High altitude produces increased pulmonary capillary pressure by hypoxia induced pulmonary vasoconstriction. It is also possible that hypoxia results in mildly elevated left ventricular (LV) filling pressures that may contribute to the elevated capillary pressures. This study investigates the impact of simulated high altitude on global and regional echocardiographic measures ...
Sabbah Hani N - - 2007
Currently available positive inotropic agents, such as dobutamine and milrinone, although needed as "rescue therapy" for patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF), are not ideal drugs because of an inherent adverse side-effect profile. This study examined the hemodynamic effects of istaroxime, a novel agent with positive inotropic and lusitropic ...
Moorjani Narain - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: A pressure overload model was developed to simulate aortic stenosis and assess caspase activity during the transition to heart failure. BACKGROUND: Cardiomyocyte apoptosis is implicated in the pathogenesis of heart failure, and caspase activation is central to this pathophysiological process. METHODS: A total of 10 sheep were banded with ...
Vernooy Kevin - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In hearts with left bundle branch block (LBBB), both atrioventricular (AV) delay and interventricular (VV) interval determine left ventricular (LV) pump function in cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). The optimal combination of AV delay and VV interval currently is determined by extensive hemodynamic testing. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study ...
Maslov M Y - - 2007
To study the role of early energetic abnormalities in the subsequent development of heart failure, we performed serial in vivo combined magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and (31)P magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) studies in mice that underwent pressure-overload following transverse aorta constriction (TAC). After 3 wk of TAC, a significant increase ...
Haji Showkat A - - 2006
Left ventricular (LV) dilatation may be an early sign of cardiac decompensation progressing to LV dysfunction. Determinants of LV dilatation in young asymptomatic adults are unknown. Five hundred six asymptomatic subjects (mean age 32 +/- 3 years) enrolled in the Bogalusa Heart Study underwent echocardiographic examination. LV dilatation (LV end-diastolic ...
Bode Frank - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Nonpenetrating chest wall impact (commotio cordis) may lead to sudden cardiac death due to the acute initiation of ventricular fibrillation (VF). VF may result from sudden stretch during a vulnerable window, which is determined by repolarization inhomogeneity. METHODS: We examined action potential morphologies and VF inducibility in response to ...
Usui Shin-ichi - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular remodeling might be involved in the pathophysiology of right ventricular hypertrophy/failure due to pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), while the left ventricle is considered not under pressure/volume overload. METHODS AND RESULTS: Rats with monocrotaline-induced PAH were used in the present study to examine whether upregulated neurohumoral factors may ...
MacDonald Kristin A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common heart disease of cats, resulting in left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy, myocardial fibrosis, and diastolic dysfunction. HYPOTHESIS: Ramipril will reduce LV mass, improve diastolic function, and reduce myocardial fibrosis in cats with HCM without congestive heart failure (CHF). ANIMALS: This prospective, blinded, placebo-controlled ...
Lewis Gregory D - - 2006
Patients with heart failure (HF) due to left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction have abnormal endothelium-dependent, nitric oxide-cyclic guanosine monophosphate-mediated vasodilation in the pulmonary and skeletal muscle vasculature. Therefore, inhibition of type 5 phosphodiesterase (PDE5), the principle enzyme responsible for cyclic guanosine monophosphate catabolism in the lungs and skeletal muscle, has ...
Franco Veronica V Vascular Biology and Hypertension Program, Division of Cardiovascular Disease, University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL 35294, USA. - - 2006
1. Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP)-null mice (Nppa(-/-)) exhibit cardiac hypertrophy at baseline and adverse cardiac remodelling in response to transverse aortic constriction (TAC)-induced pressure overload stress. Previous studies have suggested that natriuretic peptides could potentially oppose mineralocorticoid signalling at several levels, including suppression of adrenal aldosterone production, inhibition of mineralocorticoid ...
Yu Cheuk-Man - - 2006
Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has been shown to reduce symptoms and reverse left ventricular (LV) remodeling. It is not known, however, whether diastolic function will improve after CRT and diastolic asynchrony will predict LV reverse remodeling. Seventy-six patients (mean age 65 +/- 12 years, 74% men) who received CRT were ...
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