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 Results 1 - 50 of 1130 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 > 1 Amador Espejo Genaro Gustavo GG Centre Especial de Recerca Planta de Tecnologia dels Aliments (CERPTA), XaRTA, TECNIO, MALTA Consolider, Departament de Ciència Animal i dels Aliments, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain; Departamento de Ingeniería Química, Alimentos y Ambiental, Universidad de las Américas Puebla, Sta. Catarina Mártir. Cholula, Puebla C.P. 72810, - - 2014 Ultra High-Pressure Homogenization treatments at 300 MPa with inlet temperatures (Ti) of 55, 65, 75 and 85 °C were applied to commercial Ultra High Temperature treated whole milk inoculated with Bacillus cereus, Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus sporothermodurans, Bacillus coagulans, Geobacillus stearothermophilus and Bacillus subtilis spores in order to evaluate the inactivation level achieved. ... 2 Bova Jonathan F JF 1Department of Pathobiological Sciences, Louisiana State University School of Veterinary Medicine , Baton Rouge, Louisiana , - - 2014 ABSTRACT Purpose/Aim: The primary objective was to evaluate the effect of a bupivacaine mandibular nerve block on intraoperative blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) in response to surgical stimulation and the need for systemic analgesics postoperatively. We hypothesized that a mandibular nerve block would decrease the need for systemic ... 3 Colombo R R Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Unit, Azienda Ospedaliera "L.Sacco", Milano, Italy. - - 2014 Surgical Plethysmographic Index (SPI), calculated from pulse photo-plethysmographic amplitude oscillations, has been proposed as a tool to measure nociception anti-nociception balance during general anaesthesia, but it is affected by several confounding factor that alter the autonomic nervous system (ANS) modulation. We hypotesised that SPI may be mainly affected by sympathetic ... 4 McNally Sara S *Department of Ophthalmology, Mater Misericordiae University Hospital †UCD School of Medicine and Medical Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, - - 2014 It is currently estimated that 60 to 70 million people worldwide are affected by open-angle glaucoma and the majority of patients who present to clinic have raised intraocular pressure, visual field loss, and cupping of the optic nerve. Although exfoliation glaucoma (XFG) correlates with age, it is the most common ... 5 Kim Ji-Yeon JY Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014 Rapid evaluation and management of intracranial pressure (ICP) can help to early detection of increased ICP and improve postoperative outcomes in neurocritically-ill patients. Sonographic measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) is a non-invasive method of evaluating increased intracranial pressure at the bedside. In the present study, we hypothesized that ... 6 Dick Thomas E TE Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Department of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, United States; Department of Neurosciences, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014 Slow deep breathing (SDB) has a therapeutic effect on autonomic tone. Our previous studies suggested that coupling of the cardiovascular to the respiratory system mediates plasticity expressed in sympathetic nerve activity. We hypothesized that SDB evokes short-term plasticity of cardiorespiratory coupling (CRC). We analyzed respiratory frequency (fR), heart rate and ... 7 Caffery Terrell S TS Emergency Medicine Residency Program, LSU Health-Baton Rouge, 5246 Brittany Drive, Baton Rouge, LA 70808. Electronic address: - - 2014 The purpose of this study was to determine if patients with nontraumatic causes of elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) could be identified by ultrasound measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD). It was hypothesized that an ONSD greater than or equal to 5 mm would identify patients with elevated ICP. This ... 8 Fritz Thomas Hans TH Department of Neurology, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Science, Leipzig, Germany; Institute for Psychoacoustics and Electronic Music, University of Ghent, Ghent, Belgium; Department of Nuclear Medicine, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, - - 2014 Given a possible effect of estrogen on the pleasure-mediating dopaminergic system, musical appreciation in participants whose estrogen levels are naturally elevated during the oral contraceptive cycle and pregnancy has been investigated (n = 32, 15 pregnant, 17 nonpregnant; mean age 27.2). Results show more pronounced blood pressure responses to music in pregnant ... 9 Welsh Faithlee Elizabeth FE North East Region Health Authority, Port Antonio, - - 2014 Determine the extent to which the lifestyles of Jamaican men with hypertension met the guidelines of the Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC 7). Following informed consent, a convenience sample of Jamaican men with hypertension (n = ... 10 Karimi N - - 2014 Objectives: The objective of this study was to investigate the abnormalities in sperm after exposure to hydrostatic pressure.Background: Hydrostatic pressure acting on the cells is one of the fundamental environmental mechanical forces. Disorders of relationship between the cells and this mechanical force, such as when pressure varies beyond physiological limits, ... 11 Zhang Jie J Key Laboratory of Materials Physics, Institute of Solid State Physics, CAS, and Department of Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230031, - - 2014 The first-principles method and the evolutionary algorithm are used to identify stable high pressure phases of potassium azide (KN3). It has been verified that the stable phase with space group I4/mcm below 22 GPa, which is consistent with the experimental result, will transform into the C2/m phase with pressure increasing. These ... 12 Topakian Raffi R Department of Neurology, Klinikum Wels-Grieskirchen, Wels, - - 2014 Hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP) is an autosomal-dominant disorder associated with recurrent mononeuropathies following compression or trivial trauma. Reports on sciatic neuropathy as the presenting manifestation of HNPP are very scarce. We report on a 21-year-old previously healthy man who was admitted with sensorimotor deficits in his ... 13 Verdonck Philip P Department of Anaesthesiology, University Hospital Antwerp, Edegem, - - 2014 During robot assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALRP), a CO2 pneumoperitoneum (CO2PP) is applied and the patient is placed in a head-down position. Intracranial pressure (ICP) is expected to acutely increase under these conditions. A non-invasive method, the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) measurement, may warn us that the mechanism of ... 14 Nelson Emily S ES NASA Glenn Research Center, 21000 Brookpark Rd., Cleveland, OH 44135, USA. - - 2014 Although changes to visual acuity in spaceflight have been observed in some astronauts since the early days of the space program, the impact to the crew was considered minor. Since that time, missions to the International Space Station have extended the typical duration of time spent in microgravity from a ... 15 Amador-Espejo G G GG Centre Especial de Recerca Planta de Tecnologia dels Aliments (CERPTA), XaRTA, TECNIO, MALTA Consolider, Departament de Ciència Animal i dels Aliments, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain; Departamento de Ingeniería Química, Alimentos y Ambiental, Universidad de las Américas Puebla, Sta. Catarina Mártir, Cholula, Puebla, C.P. 72810, - - 2013 The effect of ultra-high-pressure homogenization (UHPH) on raw whole milk (3.5% fat) was evaluated to obtain processing conditions for the sterilization of milk. Ultra-high-pressure homogenization treatments of 200 and 300 MPa at inlet temperatures (Ti) of 55, 65, 75, and 85°C were compared with a UHT treatment (138°C for 4 ... 16 Bergamaschi Mateus M MM Department of Neuroscience and Behavior, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, SP, Brazil; Department of Clinical, Toxicological and Food Sciences Analysis, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, SP, Brazil; CNPq, National Institute for Translational Medicine (INCT-TM), Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014 We investigated the hypothesis that rimonabant, a cannabinoid antagonist/inverse agonist, would increase anxiety in healthy subjects during a simulation of the public speaking test. Participants were randomly allocated to receive oral placebo or 90 mg rimonabant in a double-blind design. Subjective effects were measured by Visual Analogue Mood Scale. Physiological parameters, ... 17 Al-Mariri Ayman A Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Atomic Energy Commission of Syria, Damascus, - - 2013 The role of low-pressure RF plasma in the inactivation of Escherichia coli O157, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis, and Enterobacter sakazakii using N2-O2 and SF6 gases was assessed. 1×10(9) colony-forming units (CFUs) of each bacterial isolate were placed on three polymer foils. The effects of pressure, power, distance from the source, ... 18 Reshetnikov Evgeny A - - 2013 Malfunctioning of the cardiovascular system during pregnancy may be responsible for adverse effects on the 'mother-fetus' system. The cardiovascular system of a pregnant woman develops adaptation to the increased load. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) is known to play an important role in the adaptation. The present study was designed to investigate ... 19 Hasegawa Yumiko - - 2013 This study examined the effect of anxiety states on the relationship between golf-putting distance and performance in an environment requiring high movement accuracy. Twenty-three amateur golfers attempted 15 putts at each of three putting distances, 1.25, 1.50, and 1.75m, under conditions characterized by both control demands and pressure. All attempts ... 20 Madan Anjana - - 2013 Exposure to media violence is related to anxiety in youth, but the causality of the effect has not been established. This experimental study examined the effects of media violence on anxiety, blood pressure, and heart rate in late adolescents. We also examined whether these responses varied by previous exposure to ... 21 Pilipovik V - - 2013 A study of a self-organizing controller is implemented in a way that response to controlled system follows the desired given by the model. The self-organizing controller has proven to be a valuable tool in sterilization equipment in order to verify the capacity of the response to any change in the ... 22 Beaulieu-Houle Guillaume - - 2013 The two polymorphs of copper phthalocyanine, α- and β-CuPc, have been examined by micro-Raman spectroscopy at pressures approaching 5.0GPa. The metastable α-polymorph does not exhibit any structural changes, while the more thermodynamically stable β-polymorph does exhibit a reversible phase transition at 2.0GPa. The pressure dependences (dν/dP) for a selected number ... 23 Qin Jiaxu - - 2013 hyperbranched polyesteramide, multifunctional catalyst, reverse osmosis membrane, ultralow-pressure. 24 Mandel Susan E - - 2013 PurposeThe purpose of the feasibility study was to compare the effects of music-assisted relaxation and imagery, administered via compact disc recording (MARI CD) without therapeutic intervention, to the effects of music therapy (MT), facilitated by a board-certified music therapist, on selected health outcomes of patients enrolled in diabetes self-management education/training ... 25 Bullarbo Maria - - 2013 PURPOSE: To assess if hypertension during the last part of pregnancy could be prevented by magnesium supplementation. METHODS: Pregnant primagravida women from a local antenatal care unit were given an oral supply of 300 mg magnesium as citrate or placebo from pregnancy week 25 in a randomised double-blind setup. Blood pressure ... 26 Tibollo S - - 2013 Background: The contamination of shellfish with gastroenteric viruses may cause outbreaks because they are often eaten raw or under-cooked. High-hydrostatic pressure treatments have already proven to be effective in reducing high viral load in shellfish samples. The objectives are the assessment of the viral load reduction of contaminated clams using ... 27 Aouadhi Chedia - - 2013 AIMS: To investigate the combined effect of hydrostatic pressure, moderate temperature, and nisin on the inactivation of Bacillus sporothermodurans spores which are known to be contaminant of dairy products and to be extremely heat-resistant. METHODS AND RESULTS: A central composite experimental design with three factors, using response surface methodology, was ... 28 Porta Alberto - - 2013 The information carried by heart period (HP) given systolic arterial pressure (SAP) changes was assessed to characterize spontaneous baroreflex (i.e. the relation linking SAP variability to HP variability): the larger the information carried by HP given SAP changes, the greater the unpredictability of HP given SAP variations, the smaller the ... 29 Valencia-Flores Dora C DC Centre Especial de Recerca Planta de Tecnologia dels Aliments (CERPTA), XaRTA, TECNIO, MALTA-Consolider Group, Dept. de Ciència Animal i dels Aliments, Facultat de Veterinària, Univ., Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193, Bellaterra, Barcelona, - - 2013 The effects of ultra-high-pressure homogenization (UHPH) at 200 and 300 MPa, in combination with different inlet temperatures (55, 65, and 75 °C) on almond beverages with lecithin (AML) and without lecithin (AM), were studied. UHPH-treated samples were compared with the base product (untreated), pasteurized (90 °C, 90 s), and ultra-high-temperature ... 30 Uthicke Sven S Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, Queensland, - - 2013 Coral reefs are marine biodiversity hotspots, but their existence is threatened by global change and local pressures such as land-runoff and overfishing. Population explosions of coral-eating crown of thorns sea stars (COTS) are a major contributor to recent decline in coral cover on the Great Barrier Reef. Here, we investigate ... 31 Leisegang K - - 2012 The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a constellation of various risk factors. This study aimed to investigate the effect of MetS on testosterone and progesterone, and semen parameters, in a case-controlled pilot study. Male patients (n = 54) had body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) and blood pressure recorded. Blood was analysed for ... 32 Ruiz-Espinosa H - - 2012 Multiple-pass UHPH was used for reducing microbial population of both indigenous spoilage microflora in whole raw milk and a baroresistant pathogen (Staphylococcus aureus) inoculated in whole sterile milk to define pasteurization-like processing conditions. Response surface methodology was followed and multiple response optimization of UHPH operating pressure (OP) (100, 175, 250 ... 33 Tan Xiao - - 2012 We report the high-pressure response of three forms (α, δ, and γ) of pyrazinamide (C5H5N3O, PZA) by in situ Raman spectroscopy and synchrotron X-ray diffraction techniques with a pressure of about 14 GPa. These different forms are characterized by various intermolecular bonding schemes. High-pressure experimental results show that the γ ... 34 Zapala Kinga - - 2012 Dispersions of isotactic polypropylene (PP) particles in polystyrene (PS) were produced by interfacially driven breakup of nanolayers in multilayered systems that were fabricated by means of layer-multiplying coextrusion. The droplet size was controlled by the individual PP layer thickness ranging from 12 to 200 nm. In addition, PP was melt blended ... 35 Yerram Preethi - - 2012 Incretin-based therapies are currently being used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Apart from glycemic control, these agents have been shown to have multiple extra-pancreatic effects, including their role in blood pressure (BP) regulation. This article will review the origins of incretins, the incretin axis, possible mechanisms ... 36 Kuo Chin-Chang - - 2012 We report on the impact of different size particles on the collapse of a Langmuir monolayer. We use a SDS-DODAB monolayer because it is known to reversibly collpase under compression and expansion cycles. Particles with diameters of 1 $\mu$m, 0.5 $\mu$m, 0.1 $\mu$m, and 20 nm are deposited on the ... 37 Agarwal Rajiv - - 2012 Resistant hypertension is defined as blood pressure (BP) that remains above goal (such as 140/90 mmHg or more) in spite of the concurrent use of three antihypertensive agents of different classes. Ideally, one of the three agents should be a diuretic and all agents should be prescribed at optimal dose ... 38 Preston Mason R - - 2012 Clinical trials have reported reduced cardiovascular events with certain antihypertensive agents at a rate that could not be predicted by changes in brachial arterial pressure alone. These findings may be explained, in part, by pleiotropic effects of these agents and modulation of central blood pressures. This review focuses on the ... 39 Gerdin Anna-Karin - - 2012 To maximize the sensitivity of detecting affects of genetic variants in mice, variables have been minimized through the use of inbred mouse lines, by eliminating infectious organisms and controlling environmental variables. However, the impact of standard animal husbandry and experimental procedures on the validity of experimental data is under appreciated. ... 40 Craigie Eilidh - - 2012 In vivo, the enzyme 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 influences ligand access to the mineralocorticoid receptor. Ablation of the encoding gene, HSD11B2, causes the hypertensive syndrome of apparent mineralocorticoid excess. Studies in humans and experimental animals have linked reduced 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 activity and salt sensitivity of blood pressure. In ... 41 Lillie M A - - 2012 This study was undertaken to understand elastin's role in the mechanical homeostasis of the arterial wall. The mechanical properties of elastin vary along the aorta, and we hypothesized this maintained a uniform mechanical environment for the elastin, despite regional variation in loading. Elastin's physiological loading was determined by comparing the ... 42 Mrozek Segolene - - 2012 BACKGROUND:: Controlled mechanical ventilation is associated with ventilator-induced diaphragmatic dysfunction, which impedes weaning from mechanical ventilation. To design future clinical trials in humans, a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms using knockout models, which exist only in the mouse, is needed. The aims of this study were to ascertain the ... 43 Rubini Alessandro - - 2012 While some experimental data suggest that erythropoietin (EPO) influences respiratory mechanics, reports on scientific trials are lacking. In the present work, respiratory mechanics were measured using the end-inflation occlusion method in control and EPO treated anaesthetized and positive-pressure ventilated rats. Causing an abrupt inspiratory flow arrest, the end-inflation occlusion method ... 44 Clarke John O - - 2012 High-resolution manometry has added significantly to our current understanding of esophageal motor function by providing improved detail and a data analysis paradigm that is more akin to an imaging format. Esophageal pressure topography provides a seamless dynamic representation of the pressure profile through the entire esophagus and thus, is able ... 45 Bouley Richard R Program in Membrane Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA. - - 2012 The protease corin generates atrial natriuretic peptide and affects blood pressure and salt-water homeostasis. Under dietary salt challenge, corin knockout mice show blood pressure exacerbation and significant weight gain due to water and salt retention. This phenotype involves the epithelial sodium channel but is independent of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. This ... 46 Siewert Stefan - - 2012 This paper describes methods for design, manufacturing and characterization of a micro-mechanical valve for a novel glaucoma implant. The implant is designed to drain aqueous humour from the anterior chamber of the eye into the suprachoroidal space in case of an elevated intraocular pressure (IOP). In contrast to any existing ... 47 Mireles-Cabodevila Eduardo - - 2012 Mechanical ventilation is a life-saving intervention for respiratory failure and thus has become the cornerstone of the practice of critical care medicine. A mechanical ventilation mode describes the predetermined pattern of patient-ventilator interaction. In recent years there has been a dizzying proliferation of mechanical ventilation modes, driven by technological advances ... 48 Sarafidis Pantelis A - - 2012 Hypertensive crises are categorized as hypertensive emergencies and urgencies depending on the presence of acute target-organ damage; the former are potentially life-threatening medical conditions, requiring urgent treatment under close monitoring. Although several short-acting intravenous antihypertensive agents are approved for this purpose, until recently little evidence from proper trials on the ... 49 Schmidt Matthieu - - 2012 OBJECTIVES:: To compare the respective impact of pressure support ventilation and naturally adjusted ventilatory assist, with and without a noninvasive mechanical ventilation algorithm, on patient-ventilator interaction. DESIGN:: Prospective 2-month study. SETTING:: Adult critical care unit in a tertiary university hospital. PATIENTS:: Seventeen patients receiving a prophylactic postextubation noninvasive mechanical ventilation. ... 50 Knockaert Griet - - 2012 In the present study, the effect of equivalent thermal and high pressure processes at pasteurization and sterilization intensities on some health related properties of high pressure homogenized tomato puree containing oil were investigated. Total lycopene concentration, cis-lycopene content and in vitro lycopene bioaccessibility were examined as health related properties. Results ... 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >