Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1126
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Shah Baiju R - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To report a diagnostically challenging case of preeclampsia. METHODS: We present a case report with clinical, biochemical, imaging, and immunohistochemical findings. In addition, the clinical features of pheochromocytoma during pregnancy are reviewed, and the challenges in distinguishing it from preeclampsia are discussed. RESULTS: A 33-year-old woman presented at 14 ...
Panagiotakos Demosthenes B - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension, in a random sample of adults free of cardiovascular disease, in Greece. A secondary goal was to evaluate the association between hypertension status and adoption of the Mediterranean diet. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. PARTICIPANTS: On the basis of multistage sampling, ...
Hanisch Claudia G - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The aim of the prospective study was to compare standard parameters as Doppler ultrasound and 24-h blood pressure measurement with possible maternal serological markers regarding their prognostic value in predicting hypertensive diseases in pregnancy. MATERIALS: Twenty-four-hour blood pressure measurement was performed before and after 32+0 gestational week in 57 ...
Reynolds Kristi - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in north and south, and urban and rural residents of China. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey conducted in 2000-2001. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A multistage cluster sampling method was used to select a nationally representative sample of 15 540 men and ...
Nagata Chisato - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Soy diet has been suggested to have antihypertensive effect in animal studies. The present study examined the cross-sectional relationship between blood pressure and intake of soy products and other food groups in Japanese men and women. METHODS: Blood pressure was measured in Japanese 294 men and 330 women (246 ...
Landsbergis Paul A - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: This study attempted to determine whether the association between job strain (high job demands plus low job control) and blood pressure among men varies by socioeconomic status. METHODS: The cross-sectional associations between job strain and ambulatory blood pressure, by level of education, occupational status, and income, and the interaction ...
Landsbergis Paul A - - 2003
This 1985-1995 study was designed to assess the association between blood pressure (measured by using an ambulatory monitor) and history of exposure to job strain. Items from the Job Content Questionnaire were completed by 213 employed men, aged 30-60 years at entry into the Work Site Blood Pressure Study in ...
Wyss J Michael - - 2003
Hypertension is a major health problem that significantly contributes to heart disease and stroke. While most studies of hypertension have focused on men, women also experience significant hypertension-related morbidity and mortality. However, the incidence of hypertension and cardiovascular disease is significantly lower in premenopausal women compared with men until the ...
Dishman Rod K - - 2003
We examined putative autonomic and hemodynamic mechanisms that might explain our prior finding that cardiorespiratory fitness mitigates blood pressure responses by normotensive women during the hand cold pressor test. We report that fitness level was inversely related to increases in systolic and diastolic blood pressures and muscle sympathetic nerve activity ...
Noto R - - 2003
Homocysteine levels have been determined with Chromatography on HPLC column, between the 20th and the 24th week of pregnancy, in women with analogous characteristics (a) normotensive, (b) with pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH), low (LR), medium (MR), high risk (HR). The group they belonged to was confirmed after natural or caesarean delivery. ...
Zachariah Manu G - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is an important cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 314 middle-aged subjects (163 men; age range 40-60 years, mean 49 years) in urban Thiruvananthapuram City. Kerala, to estimate the prevalence of hypertension, examine its correlates, and assess the degree ...
Cagnacci Angelo - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Because estrogens may decrease 24-hour blood pressure of postmenopausal women, we tested the effect of the selective estrogen receptor modulator raloxifene on ambulatory blood pressure. STUDY DESIGN: Postmenopausal women with osteopenia who were otherwise healthy were assigned randomly in a double blind-fashion to receive placebo (n = 16 women) ...
Mills Paul J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Controversies surrounding the physiological effects of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) currently lie at the forefront of medicine. Important interindividual factors that affect blood pressure, such as smoking, body mass and sodium intake, may account for the conflicting findings seen in studies examining the effects of HRT on blood pressure. ...
Anim-Nyame N - - 2003
The clinical presentation of pre-eclampsia suggests that microvascular dysfunction may play a role in the maternal manifestations of the disease. Isovolumetric venous pressure ( P V(i)) is an index of microvascular function, reflecting local plasma colloid osmotic (oncotic) pressure, and is abnormal in clinical conditions with microvascular dysfunction. We hypothesized ...
Galobardes B B Division of Clinical Epidemiology, University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland. - - 2003
(1) to develop an indicator of socioeconomic position based on the social standing of the habitat (SSH), that is, the residential building, its immediate surroundings, and local neighbourhood; (2) to assess the relation of SSH to two usual markers of socioeconomic position (education and occupation) and a known, socially determined ...
Koltyn Kelli F - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of oral contraceptive (OC) use on pain perception and blood pressure. Thirty women (15 using OC and 15 normally menstruating) reported to the laboratory once a week for 4 consecutive weeks. Blood pressure and heart rate were assessed, and then ...
Lin Z Y - - 2003
BACKGROUND: We investigated the influence of age on intrarenal arterial resistive index (RI) measurement in 135 normal subjects (71 male, 64 female; age range = 17-68 years, median age = 37 years). METHODS: Each subject underwent color Doppler measurement of the intrarenal RI from three distinct interlobar arteries in the ...
Albaladejo Pierre - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Heart rate and aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) are both cardiovascular risk factors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of sex on the heart rate-PWV relationship in two populations of normotensive and hypertensive men and women. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a first study, steady-state data ...
Juhaeri - - 2003
BACKGROUND: To examine associations of weight loss and changes in fat distribution with changes in blood pressure and the remission of hypertension in a community-based sample. METHODS: Participants were 3245 white and African-American men and women, 45-64 years of age, who participated in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study over ...
Reinders A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To establish the accuracy the Welch Allyn 'Vital Signs' blood pressure monitor in pregnancy and pre-eclampsia according to a modified British Hypertension Society protocol. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Maternity Unit/Obstetric Ward, Guy's and St Thomas' Hospital, London, UK. POPULATION: Forty-three pregnant women of whom 12 had pre-eclampsia. METHODS: ...
Pérez-Castrillón J L - - 2003
Numerous phosphocalcium alterations associated with bone mineral density in hypertension have been described, but very few studies assess them. This study assesses bone mass in hypertensive postmenopausal women and the hypertension influence determining both calcium homeostasis and bone turnover markers. Blood and urine samples were analysed for calcium metabolism-related parameters. ...
Isler Christy M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To use individual patient clinical parameters to signal cessation of postpartum magnesium sulfate seizure prophylaxis for the spectrum of pregnancy-related hypertensive disorders. METHODS: This was a prospective study using clinical symptoms (absence of headache, visual changes, epigastric pain) and signs (sustained blood pressure less than 150/100 without need for ...
Beitz Roma - - 2003
BACKGROUND: A high vitamin C intake was recently associated with lower blood pressure levels. We examined this association and compared it with that between blood pressure and fruit and vegetable intake among German adults. METHODS: Complete data were available for 1,628 women and 1,340 men, aged 18-79 years, who participated ...
Jokisalo Erkki - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To study the associations of patient-related and perceived healthcare-related factors with the control of blood pressure. SUBJECTS: Physicians identified all of the hypertensive patients they saw during I week in 26 health centres. Out of 2,219 patients, 80% agreed to participate, 88% of which took antihypertensive medication. METHODS: In ...
Lubianca Jaqueline Neves - - 2003
The objective of the study was to assess the association between systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP) and the use of oral contraceptives (OC) in hypertensive women. In a prospective cross-sectional study, we evaluated 171 women who were referred to the Hypertension Outpatient Clinic of Hospital de Clínicas ...
Bjerregaard Peter - - 2003
AIMS: Studies of blood pressure among various Inuit (Eskimo) populations in the Arctic have given inconsistent results. Most studies reported lower blood pressure among the Inuit as compared with the predominantly white national populations. This has been attributed to traditional subsistence practices and lifestyle. This study compared the blood pressure ...
Glenn Barbara S - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Several investigators have reported an association of blood lead or bone lead with increased blood pressure and hypertension, but questions remain concerning whether these effects are acute or chronic in nature. METHODS: In this longitudinal study, we evaluated the relation of lead, measured in blood and tibia, to changes ...
Kristjansson K K Department of Family Medicine, Solvangur Health Centre, University of Iceland, Hafnarfjördur, Iceland. - - 2003
To study blood pressure and pulse pressure longitudinally and their association with basal and change of body mass index (BMI) and waist to hip ratio (WHR). A prospective population study of 1462 women in Gothenburg, Sweden, aged 38-60 y at baseline, with a longitudinal follow-up of 24 y. Incidence of ...
Waugh Jason J Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Leicester-Warwick Medical School and University Hospitals of Leicester, Leicester, UK. - - 2003
We undertook this study to determine the accuracy and reliability of patient initiated blood pressure measurement and recording. We recruited 72 women from the antenatal hypertension clinic in a university teaching hospital. All were at high risk for preeclampsia and were asked to measure and record their blood pressure three ...
Rothenberg Stephen J - - 2002
Prior studies have revealed associations of current lead exposure (blood lead) and past lead exposure (bone lead) with risks of hypertension and elevated blood pressure. The authors examined the effects of blood and bone lead on hypertension and elevated blood pressure in the third trimester and postpartum among 1,006 women ...
Hermida Ramón C - - 2003
This study prospectively investigates the potential influence of low-dose aspirin on blood pressure in pregnant women who were at a higher risk of developing preeclampsia than that of the general obstetric population and who received aspirin at different times of the day according to their rest-activity cycle. A double-blind, randomized, ...
Riskin-Mashiah Shlomit - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: We have previously shown that women with preeclampsia demonstrate cerebral hyperperfusion and abnormal cerebrovascular autoregulation. In the current study, we tested the hypothesis that abnormal cerebrovascular function can be detected before the clinical onset of preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography was performed for 166 women in the second ...
Lo Chern - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between blood pressure that is measured with the automated blood pressure monitor, Omron HEM-705CP (Omron Corporation, Tokyo, Japan), and mercury sphygmomanometry in normotensive and preeclamptic pregnant women. STUDY DESIGN: Healthy pregnant women (n = 101 women) underwent mercury and ...
Strevens Helena - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of parity and baseline body mass index on blood pressure levels in pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: We studied a longitudinal historic cohort of 166 healthy pregnant women who gave birth in 2000 to a third child at the University Hospital ...
Walker Susan - - 2002
METHODS: Twenty-four-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring was performed on 40 women (20 hypertensive, 20 normotensive) on a hospitalised and non-hospitalised day. Mean blood pressure differences were calculated for the awake, sleeping and 24-hour periods on both days. RESULTS: Mean heart rate was higher at home (1.79, p = 0.04) than ...
Appleby Paul N - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of self-reported hypertension and mean systolic and diastolic blood pressures in four diet groups (meat eaters, fish eaters, vegetarians and vegans) and to investigate dietary and other lifestyle factors that might account for any differences observed between the groups. DESIGN: Analysis of cross-sectional data from ...
Iwasaki Ryuhiko - - 2002
BACKGROUND: It is not known whether women with high blood pressure in the first trimester are likely to exhibit a large increase in blood pressure during pregnancy. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, longitudinal study of 1599 pregnant women, among whom 29 women (1.8%) received antihypertensive medication during pregnancy. The blood ...
Webb Mary S - - 2002
The relationship of blood pressure status to three stress-related variables, anger, coping resources, and strain, was evaluated in 90 African American women. The majority of the participants (57%) were normotensive, 32% of the participants reported current use of hypertensive medication, and an additional 16% had a mean blood pressure greater ...
Tugay Aytekin Necla - - 2002
The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the prevalence, awareness and control of hypertension among individuals over 30 years of age and to plan a follow-up programme for the same age group. A community-based sample of 1992 individuals (952 men and 1,040 women) was selected randomly. Out of ...
Ong Stephen S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to investigate whether there were structural differences between omental small arteries isolated from women with preeclampsia and intrauterine growth restriction and those isolated from women with normal pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: A pressure myograph was used to study omental small arteries isolated from women with normal pregnancy ...
Kusuma Y S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Elevated blood pressure is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world, as a major contributor to cardiovascular diseases. Blood pressure tends to vary cross-culturally and studies to address the influence of acculturization/modernization on blood pressure are limited from India, particularly from Andhra Pradesh. AIM: To provide ...
Dishman Rod K - - 2002
We examined hemodynamic and autonomic components of blood pressure responses during active and passive stressor tasks in a sample of young, normotensive men and women who were physically active but differed on fitness (i.e., VO2peak). During the hand cold pressor, increases in systolic blood pressure were inversely related to fitness ...
Hermida Ramón C - - 2002
With the objective to assess the prognostic value of office values as compared with ambulatory monitoring in pregnancy, we analyzed 2430 blood pressure series systematically sampled from 403 untreated pregnant women for 48 consecutive hours every 4 weeks from the first visit to the hospital until delivery. Women were divided ...
Papaioannou Spyros - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Selective salpingography enables us to measure the Fallopian tube perfusion pressure which, when high, can be effectively reduced with the use of transcervical guide-wire tubal catheterization. Whether fertility prognosis improves as a result is currently unknown. Our objective was to clarify the issue. METHODS: Infertile women undergoing selective salpingography ...
Laspina Stefan J - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Citrate infusion during apheresis procedures can cause lowering of the plasma ionized calcium leading to prolongation of the QT interval and hypotension. At the myocardial level, QTc measurement is a sensitive marker of subphysiologic calcium values caused by citrate toxicity. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Seventy-six regular platelet donors were ...
Kawecka-Jaszcz K - - 2002
Arterial pathology is a major contributor to cardiovascular disease, morbidity and mortality. Women are at higher risk of cardiovascular disease after menopause. Arterial stiffness determined by pulse wave velocity, increases with age both in men and women, whereas arterial compliance in premenopausal women is greater than in men of similar ...
Teede H J - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The cardiovascular effects of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) are controversial. Improvement in vascular function, potentially mediated, at least in part, via improvements in lipid profiles, is a proposed mechanism of estrogen action; however, there are few controlled human trials. We have studied the effects of HRT, independent of changes ...
Begum Mosammat Rashida - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether only loading dose of magnesium sulfate is effective in controlling convulsion in eclampsia. STUDY METHODS: This prospective study was conducted in Dhaka Medical College and Hospital, Bangladesh between July and November 1999. Eclamptic patients who were eligible for magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) therapy were randomly assigned by ...
Costa Francesco Vittorio - - 2002
This paper reviews literature data about non-pharmacological treatment of hypertension in women. A reduction in salt intake, an increase in physical activity and body weight reduction have been clearly demonstrated to be effective in reducing blood pressure values in women. Other lifestyle changes have been investigated in past years, but ...
Koenen S V - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the diurnal blood pressure profiles in pregnant women with pre-eclampsia and/or intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) differ from those in normal pregnant controls, and, if so, to establish whether such a difference is accompanied by altered diurnal rhythms of fetal heart rate (FHR) and its variation. METHODS: ...
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