Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1120
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Giesecke Jutta - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess both regional (vulvar) and overall (generalized) pain sensitivity in women with vulvodynia to determine whether both are increased, suggestive of altered central pain processing. METHODS: Seventeen patients (aged 18-60 years) with vulvodynia and 23 age-matched control subjects were included in this cross-sectional study. Pressure pain thresholds in ...
Roxburgh Susan - - 2004
In this paper I examine the association between subjective time pressure and depression and consider whether time pressure mediates the relationship between roles and depression, whether social and economic resources moderate the association between time pressure and depression, and whether time pressure explains gender differences in depression. Results of a ...
Samwiil Lisa - - 2004
Women with pregnancies complicated by pre-eclampsia were visited between six weeks and three months postpartum and were asked to recall if they had their blood pressure and urine tested at their six-week postnatal check. Of 257 audit participants across 21 maternity units in the United Kingdom over the period 1st ...
Tranquilli A L - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To investigate clinical impact of 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) on the prediction of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and IUGR. METHODS: ABPM was performed in 334 normotensive non-proteinuric nulliparous women at 20 weeks' gestation. Arterial blood pressure patterns were analyzed by chronobiometry. RESULTS: Women who developed idiopathic IUGR ...
Suhr Julie A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the relationship between blood pressure and cognitive performance in 2727 healthy men and women between the ages of 20 and 59 years who participated in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III). METHODS: Participants were selected from a subsample of 5662 NHANES ...
Schelleman H - - 2004
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence, treatment, and control of hypertension, and the determinants of undertreatment in the Dutch population. The study design was cross-sectional. A population-based survey on cardiovascular disease risk factors in the Netherlands from 1996 to 2002 was the setting of the study. ...
Heinrich Joachim - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: A study of 330 adults reported increased systolic blood pressure and higher hypertension prevalence rates in men with rhinitis. The authors replicated this study. DESIGN: This cross-sectional study analysed data on blood pressure, medication and allergic rhinitis.Setting A random population-based sample was selected from the City of Augsburg, Germany. ...
Hermida Ramón C - - 2004
Several studies have indicated that the use of the 24 h mean blood pressure, mainly using reference thresholds derived from general nonpregnancy practice, does not provide an effective test for an individualized early diagnosis of hypertension in pregnancy, thus concluding that ambulatory blood pressure monitoring is not a valid approach ...
Ochsenbein-Kölble N - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To generate reliable new reference ranges for pregnancy blood pressure from a large population. DESIGN: A prospective cross sectional study. SETTING: Obstetric outpatient clinic, Zurich University Hospital. SAMPLE: Accurately dateable singleton pregnancies (Caucasian: n= 3234; Asian [predominantly from Sri Lanka, Thailand and the Philippines]: n= 577; Black n= 212). ...
Oelkers Wolfgang - - 2004
Progesterone (P) has high affinity to the mineralocorticoid receptor (MCR), and it is an MCR antagonist. Almost all synthetic progestogens are devoid of this antimineralocorticoid (anti-MC) effect. They are unable to antagonize the salt retaining effect of estrogens. This could be one cause of weight gain and an increase in ...
Berry Karen L - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether sex differences in large-artery stiffness contribute to the greater prevalence of systolic hypertension in elderly women than in elderly men. DESIGN: During a single visit arterial stiffness was assessed in the unmedicated state using four parameters. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred seventy-four women with a mean age+/-standard deviation ...
Hermida Ramón C - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The tolerance-hyperbaric test has been shown to provide a valuable approach for the prediction of the outcome of pregnancy. In this test, diagnosis of hypertension is based on the hyperbaric index (area of blood pressure excess above the upper limit of a reference threshold) calculated by comparison with a ...
Hermida Ramomicronn C - - 2004
Studies based on office blood pressure measurements concluded that parity has significant effects on blood pressure during pregnancy. The authors evaluated possible differences in the circadian pattern of blood pressure as a function of parity in normotensive women systematically studied by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. They analyzed 1400 blood pressure ...
Dyer R A - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate by non-invasive means, the autonomically mediated changes in heart rate and blood pressure in response to postural change in pregnancy. METHODS: Ninety-one patients were studied, of whom 17 were non-pregnant controls, 21 were normotensive parturients, 22 had non-proteinuric hypertension, and 31 were pre-eclamptics. In all patients the ...
Kaaja Risto - - 2004
This study compared the effects of two sympatholytic agents--one central (moxonidine) and one peripheral (atenolol)--on blood pressure and other metabolic syndrome factors in postmenopausal hypertensive women who were not taking hormone replacement therapy. Atenolol and moxonidine led to a statistically significant reduction in diastolic blood pressure of 9.5 mmHg and ...
Tranquilli A L - - 2004
We assessed the correlation between the rhythm of melatonin concentration and circadian blood pressure patterns in normal and hypertensive pregnancy. Ambulatory 24-h blood pressure and blood samples every 4 h were monitored in 16 primigravidae who had shown an abnormal circadian blood pressure pattern (eight pre-eclamptic and eight normotensive) in ...
Mercuro Giuseppe - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Following spontaneous menopause women show a greater increase in systolic and diastolic blood pressure than men of the same age. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of acute ovarian hormone withdrawal and replacement on blood pressure and forearm blood flow. METHODS: We studied 18 ...
Gupta R - - 2004
Cardiovascular diseases caused 2.3 million deaths in India in the year 1990; this is projected to double by the year 2020. Hypertension is directly responsible for 57% of all stroke deaths and 24% of all coronary heart disease deaths in India. Indian urban population studies in the mid-1950s used older ...
Czarnecka Danuta - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Endothelial dysfunction has been implicated in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular diseases, including arterial hypertension. The present study was undertaken to assess endothelial function in postmenopausal women with arterial hypertension receiving hormone replacement therapy and antihypertensive treatment. MATERIAL/METHODS: A group of 76 women with natural menopause and essential mild to ...
Riskin-Mashiah Shlomit - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the cerebrovascular autoregulation in pregnant normotensive and mild chronic hypertensive patients without preeclampsia. METHODS: Transcranial Doppler ultrasound was used to measure peak, end-diastolic, and mean velocities in the middle cerebral arteries of 34 normotensive and 17 mild chronic hypertensive women in the third trimester of ...
Schroeder Christoph - - 2004
Norepinephrine transporter (NET) function has a central role in the regulation of synaptic norepinephrine concentrations. Clinical observations in orthostatic intolerance patients suggest a gender difference in NET function. We compared the cardiovascular response to selective NET inhibition with reboxetine between 12 healthy men and 12 age-matched women. Finger blood pressure, ...
Heilmann L - - 2004
The objective of this study was to determine the differences of hemorheological parameters in association to haematological tests in patients with severe preeclampsia (blood pressure (diastolic) > 100 mm Hg, blood pressure (systolic) > 180 mm Hg and proteinuria > 3 g/24 h). Blood samples of 45 primigravidas by hospital ...
Gulliford M C - - 2004
We evaluated income- and education-related inequalities in blood pressure, hypertension and hypertension treatment in the general population of Trinidad and Tobago. The design included survey of 300 households in north central Trinidad, including 631 adults in 2001. Measurements of blood pressure, weight, height, waist and hip circumferences, and educational attainment, ...
Dabrowski R - - 2004
The aim of this single-blind study was to compare the efficacy of betaxolol treatment (20 mg/day) on 24-h blood pressure profiles in working men and women with mild hypertension (grade 1 acc. ESH/ESC/JNC 2003), A group of 11 men and 11 women with a mean age 47+/-5 years underwent 24-h ...
Brown M A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether self-initiated and recorded automated blood pressure measurement can provide an accurate estimate of ambulatory blood pressure in pregnant women suspected of having 'white coat hypertension'. DESIGN: A prospective observational study. SETTING: Women's and Children's Health Unit, St George Hospital, a teaching hospital of the University of ...
Tonstad Serena - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To examine determinants of control of high blood pressure in Oslo, Norway. METHODS: The Oslo Health Study 2000-2001, a population-based survey, included 6301 men and 7645 women born in 1924/25, 1940/41, 1955 and 1960 that were screened for high blood pressure and other cardiovascular risk factors. Uncontrolled high blood ...
Staff Anne Cathrine - - 2004
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effect of dietary intake of the NO-donor L-arginine on the diastolic blood pressure in women with pre-eclampsia. METHODS: A randomized double-blind study was designed to compare the effect of L-arginine and placebo in pre-eclamptic women with gestational length ranging from 28+0 to 36+0 weeks. The women ...
Faber Renaldo - - 2004
In order to evaluate blood pressure and heart rate variability as a potent diagnostic tool for different hypertensive pregnancy disorders we started a clinical trial recording these variables in early pregnancies predisposed for preeclampsia. During routine measurements one of the patients experienced a grand mal epileptic seizure. Since the parameters ...
James G D - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether ambulatory blood pressure and heart rate varied with hot flash experience among women of menopausal age. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 1149 ambulatory blood pressure and heart rate measurements from 20 women aged 44-55 were examined. Women were categorized ...
Cetin Ali A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cumhuriyet University School of Medicine, Sivas, Turkey. - - 2004
The goal of this study is to evaluate the effect of glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) in the management of hypertension in women with preeclampsia, eclampsia, and HELLP syndrome. Fifty five women with preeclampsia, eclampsia, and HELLP syndrome administered GTN infusion for the management of hypertension were studied. Demographic, clinical, and perinatal ...
Tranquilli Andrea Luigi AL Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Polytechnic University of Marche, Salesi Hospital, Ancona, Italy. - - 2004
To assess the relationship between congenital uterine malformations and blood pressure in pregnancy. Twenty-four-hour automated ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (readings every 30 min) was performed in 16 normotensive, nonproteinuric, primigravidae with congenital uterine malformations (5 uterus septus, 9 uterus bicornis, 2 uterine didelphys) between 20 and 30 weeks. From the ...
Urassa David P - - 2003
To assess the ability of antenatal care to manage hypertension in pregnancy, a cross-sectional study involving 379 pregnant women was conducted in 16 randomly selected antenatal clinics in Rufiji district of Tanzania. We observed necessary structural availability, provider client interaction, interviewed women attending antenatal clinics, and measured their blood pressure. ...
Chan Catherine B - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To describe the cross-sectional relationship between an objective measure of walking (pedometer-determined steps/day) and general indicators of health, a prior diagnosis of one or more components of the metabolic syndrome, and self-reported occupational activity in a generally sedentary working population. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Steps/day were compared with previous ...
Morley Kotchen Jane - - 2003
In recent studies, it has been found that postmenopausal hormonal therapy is associated with an increased incidence of cardiovascular disease. Experimental studies suggest several potential mechanisms by which estrogens might decrease blood pressures, and estrogen administration attenuates hypertension in several animal models. In humans, although oral contraceptive agents are frequently ...
MacGregor Michael Wm - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: There is an accumulating body of research related to the psychosomatic study of blood pressure. One variable that has received attention is defense use. We examined the relation between defense use and blood pressure in men and women of different ages. METHODS: A random sample of 667 participants was ...
Brown Daniel E - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Job strain has been implicated in risk of cardiovascular disease, and there is evidence for increased blood pressure among men with job strain. It is unclear, however, to what degree job strain affects blood pressure in women. This study examined the relationships between job strain, norepinephrine and epinephrine excretion ...
Björklund Fredrik - - 2003
The effects on moral reasoning of gender, time pressure and seriousness of the issue at hand were investigated. In Experiment 1, 72 university students were presented with moral dilemmas and asked what actions the actors involved should take and to justify this. Women were found to be more care-oriented in ...
Sundström Johan - - 2003
Plasma homocysteine is cross-sectionally associated with blood pressure in large, community-based studies. It is unknown whether elevated plasma homocysteine predicts hypertension incidence. We investigated the relations of baseline plasma total homocysteine levels to hypertension incidence and blood pressure tracking in 2104 Framingham Heart Study participants (mean age, 57 years; 58% ...
Elvan-TaƟpinar Ayten - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Although a large variety of automated blood pressure devices are available, only some have been validated for use in clinical practice. The British Hypertension Society (BHS) recommends separate validation of automated devices in special subgroups, e.g. the elderly and pregnant women. The aim of this study was to compare ...
Brown Daniel E - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare awake-sleep ambulatory blood pressure variation between Japanese-American and Caucasian women in Hawaii, specifically determining whether Japanese-Americans have reduced dipping of blood pressure during sleep, as is found in comparisons of Japanese and US samples. METHODS: Normotensive school teachers from East Hawaii who were either of Japanese-American (n ...
Vestergaard Peter - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To study the effects of hormonal replacement on hot flushes, other symptoms linked to menopause, and blood pressure. METHODS: The study included 1006 early postmenopausal women aged 45-58 years, participating in the Danish Osteoporosis Prevention Study (DOPS) randomised to Hormonal replacement therapy (HRT) (n=502) or no HRT (n=504) in ...
Hardy Rebecca - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The negative effect of birthweight on systolic blood pressure has been suggested to be initiated in utero and amplified with age. We aimed to investigate this hypothesis. METHODS: A sample of 3634 people from a birth cohort study of men and women born in Britain in 1946 were included ...
Winston Anthony W - - 2003
Preeclampsia developed in this patient 4 days' postpartum. Visual changes, headache, and elevated blood pressures were present on arrival to the emergency department. Coincident with the preeclampsia was a postdural puncture headache complicating the diagnosis of late postpartum preeclampsia. Pregnancy-induced hypertension laboratory values were normal, and relief of the postdural ...
Heinrich Joachim - - 2003
Recently, a study of 330 adults reported increased systolic blood pressure and higher hypertension rates in men with rhinitis. We replicated this study using data from a population-based sample of 896 subjects participating in the European Respiratory Health Survey and in a study on "Monitoring of Trends and Determinants of ...
Shah Baiju R - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To report a diagnostically challenging case of preeclampsia. METHODS: We present a case report with clinical, biochemical, imaging, and immunohistochemical findings. In addition, the clinical features of pheochromocytoma during pregnancy are reviewed, and the challenges in distinguishing it from preeclampsia are discussed. RESULTS: A 33-year-old woman presented at 14 ...
Panagiotakos Demosthenes B - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension, in a random sample of adults free of cardiovascular disease, in Greece. A secondary goal was to evaluate the association between hypertension status and adoption of the Mediterranean diet. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. PARTICIPANTS: On the basis of multistage sampling, ...
Hanisch Claudia G - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The aim of the prospective study was to compare standard parameters as Doppler ultrasound and 24-h blood pressure measurement with possible maternal serological markers regarding their prognostic value in predicting hypertensive diseases in pregnancy. MATERIALS: Twenty-four-hour blood pressure measurement was performed before and after 32+0 gestational week in 57 ...
Reynolds Kristi - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in north and south, and urban and rural residents of China. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey conducted in 2000-2001. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A multistage cluster sampling method was used to select a nationally representative sample of 15 540 men and ...
Nagata Chisato - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Soy diet has been suggested to have antihypertensive effect in animal studies. The present study examined the cross-sectional relationship between blood pressure and intake of soy products and other food groups in Japanese men and women. METHODS: Blood pressure was measured in Japanese 294 men and 330 women (246 ...
Landsbergis Paul A - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: This study attempted to determine whether the association between job strain (high job demands plus low job control) and blood pressure among men varies by socioeconomic status. METHODS: The cross-sectional associations between job strain and ambulatory blood pressure, by level of education, occupational status, and income, and the interaction ...
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