Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1118
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Canbakan B - - 2007
Endothelial dysfunction plays an important role in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. Increased number of circulating endothelial cells (CECs) have previously been reported after various diseases associated endothelial injury. The aim of this study was to evaluate the CECs in patients with preeclampsia and to demonstrate any association between CECs and ...
Brion Marie-Jo A MJ Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS8 2PR, United Kingdom. - - 2007
Maternal smoking in pregnancy may be associated with higher offspring blood pressure; however, results of previous studies have been inconsistent and included varying confounder adjustments. We studied the association between maternal smoking in pregnancy and offspring blood pressure at 7 years in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, ...
Sun Zhaoqing - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension in the rural adults of Liaoning province of China. METHODS: The study was conducted in 2004-2006, using a multistage cluster sampling method to select a representative sample. A total of 45925 adults, 35 years or ...
Hiller Janet E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Follow up of participants in trials of antenatal calcium supplementation has reported an impact on blood pressure among mothers and children. AIMS: To determine whether blood pressure at 4-7 years follow up would be lower for calcium-supplemented mothers in the Australian Calcium Trial (ACT) and for their children. METHODS: ...
Tihtonen Kati M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between natriuretic peptides (NT-proANP and NT-proBNP) and hemodynamic parameters in preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study of 19 preeclamptic, 15 chronic hypertensive, and 26 normotensive women in the third trimester of pregnancy. Stroke index (SI), heart rate ...
- - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Pre-eclampsia (PE) is associated with an increased incidence of cardiovascular disease in later life. Daughters of PE mothers have an increased risk of developing the disease; recent epidemiological data suggest a (grand)paternal contribution. We have directly studied the parents of 673 women with stringently defined PE in relation to ...
Godoy Ricardo - - 2007
We compare blood pressure and hypertension between adult men on the USA mainland and in Puerto Rico born during 1886-1930 to test hypotheses about the link between cardiovascular health and large socioeconomic and political changes in society: (a) 8853 men surveyed in Puerto Rico in 1965 and (b) 1449 non-Hispanic ...
Staffileno Beth A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity and obesity increase the risk for hypertension, and both are more prevalent in African-American than Caucasian women. Regular physical activity serves as an important intervention for reducing cardiovascular risk, yet the ideal physical activity profile to meet the needs of young, sedentary African-American women remains unclear. We ...
Ohlin Bertil - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Job strain (high demands and low decision latitude) has been associated with hypertension and cardiovascular disease, especially in men. Most studies on job strain and hypertension have been cross-sectional, and prospective data are inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively describe the effects of different psychosocial work characteristics on office blood pressure ...
Tihtonen Kati - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess hemodynamic and NT-proANP changes in women with chronic hypertension during pregnancy. METHODS: Stroke volume index (SI), heart rate (HR), cardiac output index (CI), systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI), pulse wave velocity (PWV), and left cardiac work index (LCWI) were measured using whole-body impedance cardiography. Systolic blood pressure ...
Azhim Azran - - 2007
Aging and gender alter arterial hemodynamic function. Gender-related differences in body size may affect the arterial hemodynamics such as systolic blood pressure, wave reflection and pressure wave propagation. To assess the possibility that the differences of carotid blood velocities and brachial blood pressure in women are related to body size, ...
Subramaniam Vidya - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Observational studies have demonstrated various correlations between hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and different weather parameters. We aim to study if a correlation exists between the incidence of eclampsia and pre-eclampsia and various weather parameters in the tropical coastal city of Mumbai which has the distinction of having relatively uniform ...
Hildrum Bjørn - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Low blood pressure has mainly been regarded as ideal, but recent studies have indicated an association with depression in elderly people. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether low blood pressure is associated with anxiety and depression in the general population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Participants in the population-based Nord-Trøndelag Health Study ...
Banks-Wallace JoAnne - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Explore changes in walking behavior, blood pressure, and weight over the course of a pilot intervention designed to increase physical activity. DESIGN: A pre/post single group design was used to examine outcomes of a 12-month group intervention with 6-month follow-up. SAMPLE: Twenty-one sedentary hypertensive African American women residing in ...
Uchida Noa - - 2007
A study of 82 normal and 60 compromised pregnant women who were identified by uterine artery Doppler flow waveform systolic/diastolic ratio >95th percentile (increased peripheral resistance) was carried out to examine the elastic properties of the maternal abdominal aorta (AA). An aortic stiffness index (SI) was measured between 18 and ...
Enweze Lawrence - - 2007
Limited data suggest that physical activity increases postexercise blood pressure in African-American women. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the postexercise blood pressure response to acute exercise in normotensive young adult African-American women. Eight healthy women (age 22.5+/-.9 years) performed a cycle ergometer bout of 30 minutes at ...
Kaya C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the long-term effects of low-dose oral hormone replacement therapy (HRT) on 24-h blood pressure in hypertensive postmenopausal women. STUDY DESIGN: In this 12-month, prospective study, 66 postmenopausal women with mild or moderate hypertension were randomly assigned to receive either HRT with ...
Ditto Blaine - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Recent research suggests that the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction program has positive effects on health, but little is known about the immediate physiological effects of different components of the program. PURPOSE: To examine the short-term autonomic and cardiovascular effects of one of the techniques employed in mindfulness meditation training, a ...
Zanchetti Alberto - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In the Valsartan Antihypertensive Long-term Use Evaluation (VALUE) trial the primary outcome (cardiac morbidity and mortality) did not differ between valsartan and amlodipine-based treatment groups, although systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure reductions were significantly more pronounced with amlodipine. Stroke incidence was non-significantly, and myocardial infarction was ...
Troisi Rebecca - - 2006
Systolic blood pressure increase between the second and third trimester of pregnancy has been associated with a substantially reduced maternal breast cancer risk, and it has been suggested that elevated androgens mediate the association. Androgen and estrogen concentrations were measured in maternal serum collected in 86 uncomplicated, singleton pregnancies. Overall, ...
I. S. Aliyu, H. ...
Background: The objective of this study was to explore the relationship, if any, between theserum heat-stable alkaline phosphatase (HS-ALP) activity and the blood pressure (BP) of patients with pre-eclampsia and eclampsia. Method: The activity of HS-ALP was measured using the 4 - nitrophenyl phosphate (4 - NPP) method after incubation ...
Ylinen Jari - - 2007
Neck and shoulder pain is a common disorder which is often associated with a low-pressure pain threshold (PPT) of muscle tissues as manifested by hyperalgesia on palpation or the use of a pressure algometer. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the intratester repeatability of pressure algometer (Force-Five) ...
Zhang Haifeng - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the consistency between a randomly recruited Western European population and the participants of the Framingham Heart Study, with respect to the rates and determinants of progression to hypertension. METHODS: Among the non-hypertensive individuals enrolled in the Flemish Study on Environment, Genes and Health Outcomes, we assessed progression ...
Olson Thomas P - - 2006
PURPOSE: Impaired endothelial function has been implicated as an initial step in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis leading to cardiovascular disease (CVD). Aerobic exercise improves vascular function and reduces risk of CVD morbidity and mortality; however, the effects of resistance training on vascular function remains unclear. Thus, the aim of this ...
Blaauw Judith - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Advanced glycation end-products are considered to be markers of oxidative stress and to be involved in the atherosclerotic process. We investigated skin autofluorescence, which reflected advanced glycation end-product accumulation, in recently preeclamptic women and its relationship with intima-media thickness, which is a marker of atherosclerosis. STUDY DESIGN: Skin autofluorescence ...
Behall Kay M - - 2006
The objective of this study was to compare the effects on blood pressure of predominantly insoluble fiber (whole wheat and brown rice) and soluble fiber (barley) in a whole-grain diet. Subjects (seven men, nine premenopausal women, and nine postmenopausal women) consumed a controlled Step I diet for 2 weeks; then ...
Duda Rosemary B - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The Women's Health Study of Accra was conducted to determine the burden of illness in a representative sampling of adult urban women. METHODS: This community-based survey selected study participants by a 2-stage cluster probability sample stratified by socioeconomic status based on the 2000 Ghanaian census data. It included a ...
Elvan-Taşpinar Ayten - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Preeclampsia is associated with profound vasoconstriction in most organ systems and reduced plasma volume. Because water immersion produces a marked central redistribution of blood volume and suppresses the renin-angiotensin system response and sympathetic activity, we hypothesized that water immersion might be useful in the treatment of preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: ...
Matsumura Kiyoshi - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to determine whether sex differences contribute to the association of serum uric acid and left ventricular hypertrophy in individuals with hypertension. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventy participants with essential hypertension (34 men, 36 women; 54.4 +/- 1.6 years old) were enrolled to undergo ...
Wojciechowska Wiktoria - - 2006
Measurement of blood pressure together with applanation tonometry at the radial artery allows the reproducible assessment of various indexes of arterial stiffness, including the peripheral (PPp) and central pulse pressures (PPc) and the peripheral (Alp) and central augmentation indexes (Alc). We defined preliminary diagnostic thresholds, using the distributional characteristics of ...
Völzke Henry - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Tooth loss predicts total and circulatory mortality. The reasons for the increased mortality in subjects with a low number of teeth may be related to enhanced atherosclerosis, elevated arterial pressure and more frequent hypertension. The present study was designed to investigate whether there is an association between the number ...
Wang Zaimin - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Reliable, large-scale, population-based data on blood pressure for Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations are limited. This present study aims to describe the blood pressure levels and to explore the clinical risk factors for hypertension among Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. DESIGN: A cross-sectional population survey ...
Deshmukh P R - - 2006
Overweight and obesity are important determinants of health leading to adverse metabolic changes, including increase in blood pressure. Being overweight is associated with two- to six-fold increase in the risk of developing hypertension. Studies in urban Indian population showed strong relationship between different anthropometric indicators and blood pressure levels. Surprisingly, ...
Neri Isabella - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the antihypertensive efficacy of L-arginine (L-Arg) repeated infusions in women affected by gestational hypertension. METHODS: The women were referred to obstetric units in order to assess their clinical conditions and to exclude the presence of severe fetal and/or maternal complications. Inclusion criteria were: maternal age range 16-45 ...
Berman Steven M - - 2006
To explore sex differences in the response of seven brain regions to an aversive pelvic visceral stimulus, functional magnetic resonance images were acquired from 13 healthy adults (6 women) during 15 s of cued rectal distension at two pressures: 25 mmHg (uncomfortable), and 45 mmHg (mild pain), as well as ...
Levine Richard J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether serum fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt1) concentration during preeclampsia were associated with mid trimester blood pressure, other maternal characteristics, or pregnancy outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a nested case-control study within the Calcium for Preeclampsia Prevention study cohort. Each woman ...
Rosenhall Ulf - - 2006
A review of the literature studying possible correlations between hearing function and cardiovascular disease (CVD) reveals a complex and somewhat contradictory picture. Most studies favor the concept of an association between hearing loss and CVD. The issue of interactions between noise-induced hearing loss and CVD, as well as between age-related ...
Walther Thomas - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Pre-eclampsia is a serious complication of pregnancy with high morbidity and mortality and an incidence of 3-5% in all pregnancies. Early prediction is still insufficient in clinical practice. Although most pre-eclamptic patients have pathological uterine perfusion in the second trimester, perfusion disturbance has a positive predictive accuracy (PPA) only ...
Tihtonen Kati M H - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess arterial stiffness in pregnancies complicated by hypertensive disorders: preeclampsia and chronic hypertension. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty preeclamptic and 18 chronic hypertensive parturients were studied. The reference data were obtained from 29 healthy pregnant women and 29 non-pregnant women. Systolic blood pressure (SAP), diastolic blood pressure (DAP), mean arterial ...
Wright Rex A - - 2006
Male and female participants were led to believe they could secure a low or high chance of winning a prize by meeting a modest standard on a purportedly masculine task, that is, a task on which men ostensibly had higher ability. As expected, systolic blood pressure responses measured during performance ...
Vilos Angelos G - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Since most gynecologists use the Veres/trocar entry, and because the Veres intraperitoneal (VIP) pressure appears to be the most reliable indicator of correct Veres needle placement, the objective of this study was to determine the effect of height, weight, body mass index (BMI), parity, and age on the ...
Sumino Hiroyuki - - 2006
AIMS: We compared the effects of oral conjugated equine estrogen (CEE) therapy and transdermal estradiol therapy on pulse wave velocity (PWV) and circulating levels of vascular inflammatory markers in postmenopausal women and we also explored the interrelationship between the change in PWV and the changes in vascular inflammatory markers. METHODS ...
Lawlor Debbie A - - 2006
The authors hypothesized that individuals born in the early 20th century who experienced the hottest and driest summers during infancy would be more likely to have suffered severe infant diarrhea and dehydration, and consequently have had higher blood pressure in adulthood, than those who experienced cooler and wetter summers. In ...
Wolf Steven L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Few data exist to evaluate whether Tai Chi (TC) training improves physical performance and hemodynamic outcomes more than a wellness education (WE) program does among older fallers transitioning to frailty. METHODS: This 48-week randomized clinical trial was provided at 10 matched pairs of congregate living facilities in the Atlanta ...
Stepan H - - 2006
As there is growing evidence that hypertensive pregnancy disorders are associated with a risk of cardiovascular diseases later, the resolution of hypertension postpartum (PP) is of high clinical significance. However, there is little knowledge about the factors that influence this normalization. The objectives of our study were (a) to investigate ...
Lipsitz Lewis A - - 2006
Several previous studies have demonstrated sex differences in cardiovascular autonomic control in healthy young women, but little is known about the regulation of blood pressure in hypertensive elderly women, who have the greatest risk of adverse cardiovascular events. Therefore, we examined sex differences in physiological responses to upright tilt in ...
Stein Aryeh D - - 2006
We compared blood pressure of individuals (mean age 59 y) born in western Holland between January 1945 and March 1946 (mothers exposed to the Dutch Famine before or during gestation; n = 359) to blood pressure of unexposed individuals born before or conceived after the famine (n = 299) or ...
Yoshida Kazuya - - 2006
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of individually prescribed oral appliances for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) on blood pressure, as well as factors influencing the efficacy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred sixty-one patients (121 men and 40 women, mean age: 54.3 ...
Nickel Cerstin - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a serious medical problem in pregnancy and is often associated with stress, anger and poor quality of life. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) on change in blood pressure, lung parameters, heart rate, anger and health-related quality of ...
Adsumelli Rishimani S N - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To measure and compare pulse pressure in early pregnancy between parturients who subsequently did or did not develop preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review of 44 parturients with preeclampsia and 187 controls without. The groups were compared for blood pressure indices before 15 weeks' gestation and other maternal variables. ...
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