Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1130
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Allison Matthew A - - 2008
The aim of this study was to determine the magnitude and significance of the associations among coronary artery calcium (CAC) and systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, pulse pressure, and mean arterial pressure. Women 50 to 59 years of age at baseline in the Women's Health Initiative clinical trial of ...
Arioz Dagistan Tolga - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical relevance of dipper status in women with preeclampsia by comparing arterial stiffness index (SI) values, and dipper and nondipper status. METHODS: A total of 60 pregnant women in their third trimester were enrolled in the study. SI values were ...
Lenoir Hermine - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between blood pressure and depression in a large sample of noninstitutionalized elderly people. METHODS: Cross-sectional community-based study in 9294 participants aged 65 years and over, living at home, in three French cities (Bordeaux, Dijon and Montpellier). Participants were categorized as depressive, based on three different ...
Hildrum Bjørn - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The long-term effect of anxiety and depression on blood pressure is unclear. AIMS: To examine the prospective association of anxiety and depression with change in blood pressure in a general population. METHOD: Data on 36 530 men and women aged 20-78 years participating in the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT) ...
Poon L C Y - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of blood pressure inter-arm difference (IAD) in early pregnancy and to investigate its possible association with maternal characteristics. DESIGN: A cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: Routine antenatal visit in a university hospital. POPULATION: A total of 5435 pregnant women at 11-14 weeks of gestation. METHODS: Blood ...
Welch Nicky - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To describe the proportion of women reporting time is a barrier to healthy eating and physical activity, the characteristics of these women and the perceived causes of time pressure, and to examine associations between perceptions of time as a barrier and consumption of fruit, vegetables and fast food, and ...
Vilos George A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To describe three steps: (1) the initial Veress pressure (VIP-Pressure), (2) transient high-pressure pneumoperitoneum (HIP-Entry) prior to trocar/cannula insertion, and (3) visual entry with a trocarless cannula during closed laparoscopic entry, which may reduce major injuries. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study (Canadian Task Force Classification II-2). SETTING: University-affiliated teaching ...
Leeman Lawrence - - 2008
The National High Blood Pressure Education Program Working Group on High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy has defined four categories of hypertension in pregnancy: chronic hypertension, gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, and preeclampsia superimposed on chronic hypertension. A maternal blood pressure measurement of 140/90 mm Hg or greater on two occasions before 20 ...
Saha, I; ;
This community-based cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the prevalence of hypertension and variation of blood pressure with age among adolescents in an urban slum of Chetla, Kolkata, India. A total of 1081 adolescents aged 10-19 years were involved in the study. The prevalence of hypertension was 2.9% (31) ...
Lopez-Ruiz Arnaldo - - 2008
In general, blood pressure is higher in normotensive men than in age-matched women, and the prevalence of hypertension in men is also higher until after menopause, when the prevalence of hypertension increases for women. It is likely then that the mechanisms by which blood pressure increases in men and women ...
Journath Gunilla - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To evaluate potential sex differences, this study aimed to investigate blood pressure and lipid control and other risk factors for cardiovascular disease in treated hypertensive (tHT) patients from primary healthcare. DESIGN AND METHODS: This cross-sectional survey of tHT patients was carried out between 2002 and 2005 by 264 primary ...
Ben-Dov Iddo Z - - 2008
PURPOSE: Referral to ambulatory blood pressure monitoring may have bearing upon blood pressure control and prognosis. We describe sex-related differences in referral for ambulatory monitoring and their prognostic impact. METHODS: Between 1991 and 2005, 3957 patients were monitored in our ambulatory monitoring service, of whom 2114 (53%) were women. Demographic ...
Wu Jin-Shang - - 2008
There are no epidemiological studies of orthostatic hypotension (OH)/hypertension (OHT) and orthostatic dizziness (OD) in adults across all age groups. The aim of this study is to examine the prevalence and correlates of OH, OHT, and OD in community dwellers aged > or = 20 years. OH was defined as ...
Warland Jane - - 2008
An immense body of literature on the effects of hypertension on perinatal morbidity and mortality exists, but only a handful of studies have reported adverse outcomes associated with low maternal blood pressure during pregnancy. This study aimed to investigate if there is an increased risk of fetal loss associated with ...
Musto, Anthony
Objective: Pedometer programs are effective in increasing physical activity in sedentary individuals, a population that is at an increased for developing metabolic syndrome and each of its¡¯ individual components. The aim of this study was to observe the effects of incremental increases in pedometer assessed physical activity on MetS components ...
Saha I - - 2008
This community-based cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the prevalence of hypertension and variation of blood pressure with age among adolescents in an urban slum of Chetla, Kolkata, India. A total of 1081 adolescents aged 10-19 years were involved in the study. The prevalence of hypertension was 2.9% (31) ...
van Emmerik Ij Hetty - - 2008
Using data from a Dutch representative national sample of 1,249 respondents (40% women and 60% men), all engaged in paid labor, the relationships between Big Five personality traits and time-related strains (i.e., Time Pressure and Work Pressure) were examined. Hierarchical regression analyses showed that Emotional Stability was negatively and Openness ...
Nickel Kevin J - - 2008
The purpose was to identify the association between lower-extremity function and arterial compliance in older men and women. Participants included 46 healthy men (n = 18) and women (n = 28) 60 years of age or older. Lower-extremity functional performance was assessed by the summary performance score (SPS) that includes ...
Migneco A - - 2008
Blood pressure variability represents an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. To detect possible blood pressure variability changes from fertile to menopausal status, we enrolled consecutively 219 women: 104 fertile women (46.6 +/- 3.4 years) and 115 menopausal women (53.9 +/- 3.98 years). We evaluated for each patient the body ...
Tseng Chin-Hsiao - - 2008
Betel nut chewing is associated with oral cancers and diabetes. This study investigated whether betel nut chewing could be associated with hypertension in Taiwanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The data of a total of 81,226 (37,226 men and 44,000 women) patients with T2DM obtained from a cross-sectional ...
Siesky B A - - 2008
PURPOSE: The incidence of eye disease increases with age and can often be linked to worsening cardiovascular function and increasing intraocular pressure. Estrogen is known to have vasodilatory effects in the systemic circulation. Decreased estrogen levels during menopause may therefore complicate or contribute to ocular pathologies as estrogen receptors are ...
Low David A DA Institute for Exercise and Environmental Medicine, Presbyterian Hospital of Dallas, Dallas, TX 75231, USA. - - 2008
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the postmenopausal hot flash is accompanied by rapid decreases in arterial blood pressure and increases in cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC), as evaluated by continuous measurements of these variables in symptomatic women. Twelve healthy, normotensive, postmenopausal women rested in a ...
Farasat S Morteza - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Aortic root diameter (AoD) increases with aging and is related to body size. AoD is also presumed to increase in hypertension. In prior studies, however, after adjusting for age and body size, AoD did not differ between hypertensive and normotensive (NT) individuals. Hypertension is a heterogeneous condition with various ...
Cipolla Marilyn J - - 2008
Previous studies have shown that pregnancy prevents hypertensive remodeling of cerebral arteries. In the present study, we sought to determine whether pregnancy could reverse preexisting remodeling. Nonpregnant virgin Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with the NO synthase inhibitor nitro-l-arginine (0.5 g/L in drinking water) for 2 weeks before mating, after which ...
Higashikuni Yasutomi - - 2008
In hypertensive subjects, it has been demonstrated that the lower the blood pressure, the lower the incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, whether this relationship holds true in individuals without hypertension--that is, in individuals with a blood pressure <140/90 mmHg--remains unknown. This study was performed to assess the relationship ...
Cattran Daniel C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Studies comparing the impact of sex in primary glomerular disease have reported conflicting results. METHODS: We analysed 395 membranous (MGN), 370 focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) and 542 IgA nephropathy patients to determine the impact of the patients' sex on outcome. We assessed initial and follow-up blood pressure, proteinuria, ...
Obisesan Thomas Olabode - - 2008
To test the hypothesis that hypertension, high blood pressure, and high pulse pressure (PP) are independently associated with lower cognitive function. Cross-sectional study of persons examined in 1988 to 1994. U.S. noninstitutionalized population. Six thousand one hundred sixty-three men and women aged 60 and older who participated in the Third ...
Relton C L - - 2008
This cross-sectional study investigates the relationship between gestational age and systolic blood pressure and pulse pressure in childhood. Blood pressure was measured in 483 schoolchildren, free from cardiovascular disease, aged between 6 and 16 years. Pulse pressure was estimated as the difference between the 24-h mean systolic and diastolic blood ...
Irminger-Finger Irmgard - - 2008
Preeclampsia occurs in 3-14% of pregnancies and is defined by maternal hypertension with proteinurea, generally associated with edema, coagulation abnormalities, and disseminated intravascular coagulation. The conditions can lead to eclampsia, characterized by hyperreflexia and convulsions. Several organs are afflicted by the condition, most importantly the liver and kidneys. The direct ...
Mumtaz Firdous - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To explore the possibility of serum leptin being a marker of severity of pre-eclampsia, so that risk of imminent eclampsia and eclampsia can be reduced. METHODS: This observational study was conducted at a private hospital of Hyderabad from 31st July to 1st December 2007. Forty primipara with same age, ...
Syed Sadiqa - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the cardiovascular risk factors in users of second generation contraceptives by recording changes in body mass index, blood pressure and electrocardiogram. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The National Institute of Fertility Research Centers at Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center and PIB Maternity Home Karachi, from ...
Ekland Marci B - - 2008
To determine the incidence of symptomatic autonomic dysreflexia (AD) and asymptomatic autonomic dysreflexia (silent AD) in men with spinal cord injury (SCI) undergoing sperm retrieval procedures. Descriptive study. Thirteen men underwent cardiovascular monitoring during vibrostimulation (or self-stimulation) to the point of ejaculation. Cardiovascular results were compared with objective and subjective ...
Tellez-Plaza Maria - - 2008
Cadmium induces hypertension in animal models. Epidemiologic studies of cadmium exposure and hypertension, however, have been inconsistent. We aimed to investigate the association of blood and urine cadmium with blood pressure levels and with the prevalence of hypertension in U.S. adults who participated in the 1999-2004 National Health and Nutrition ...
Teixeira Patrícia Gonçalves PG Fetal Medicine Center, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, - - 2008
To evaluate plasma levels of angiogenic factors and their association with preeclampsia. Twenty-three women with preeclampsia and nine normotensive pregnant women from the Maternity of Hospital das Clínicas of Belo Horizonte/MG-Brazil were assessed by National High Blood Pressure Education Program Working Group Creteria (NHBPEPWG). The plasma levels of vascular endothelial ...
Carlson Scott S Department of Cell Biology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, - - 2008
The onset of menopause marks a pivotal time in which the incidence of hypertension and of cardiovascular disease (CVD) begins to increase dramatically in women. Before menopause, the incidences of these diseases are significantly lower in women than in age-matched men. After menopause, the rates of these diseases in women ...
Farasat S Morteza - - 2008
Hypertension accelerates the age-associated increase in aortic root diameter (AoD), likely because of chronically elevated distending pressures. However, the pulsatile component of blood pressure may have a different relationship with AoD. We sought to assess the relationship between AoD and pulse pressure (PP) while accounting for left ventricular and central ...
Bouchlariotou Sofia - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Non-dipping pattern of circadian blood pressure in preeclampsia is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. The pathogenetic mechanisms of this relationship are still unclear. We investigated whether non-dipping in preeclampsia could relate to endothelial activation or damage. METHODS: Participants, 20 women with normal pregnancy (mean age 29.9 ...
Törmälä R M - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Equol, a gut bacterial metabolite of the isoflavone daidzein, has been associated with beneficial health effects. Recent studies indicate that women with intestinal capacity to convert daidzein to equol also have the capacity to alter steroid metabolism and bioavailability of estrogens. METHODS: We evaluated whether individual equol production capability, ...
Batty G David GD MRC Social & Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK. - - 2007
There is a suggestion that acute dehydration in childhood may lead to elevated blood pressure. We examined if episodes of diarrhoea in childhood, a recognized proxy for acute dehydration, were related to measured blood pressure and coronary heart disease in older adults. Data were pooled from two prospective UK cohort ...
Fornari C - - 2007
The primary objective is to verify the relation between job strain and clinic blood pressure in a working population from the Milan municipality (1,909 men, 3,786 women) enrolled from 1992 to 1996. Job strain was investigated through the Karasek model. Clinic blood pressure was evaluated using standard procedures from the ...
Hamad Rangeen Rafik - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Pre-eclamptic toxaemia is associated with inflammation and vascular endothelial dysfunction. As women who have had pre-eclamptic toxaemia are at an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, we hypothesized that these abnormalities are persistent. METHODS: Eighteen women with a history of pre-eclamptic toxaemia and 17 age-matched controls were enrolled. All underwent ...
Tseng Chin-Hsiao - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The correlation between body mass index (BMI)/obesity and blood pressure/hypertension has not been confirmed in diabetic patients. This study analyzed the association in Taiwanese adult patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS AND RESULTS: The National Health Insurance data of 89,857 adult patients (41,398 men and 48,459 women; ...
Thompson Mary Lou - - 2007
Blood pressure measurement plays a central role in the screening and management of hypertension during pregnancy. Although descriptions of changes in blood pressure patterns of normotensive and hypertensive pregnancies are plentiful, relatively little is known about how modifiable environmental and lifestyle characteristics, including maternal diet and physical activity, influence blood ...
Daponte Alexandros - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Massive vulvar edema in a woman with preeclampsia preceded the development of massive ascites and impending eclampsia. CASE: A 17-year-old preeclamptic, primiparous woman was admitted with preeclampsia and massive vulvar edema. Other causes were excluded. The vulvar edema increased as the blood pressure and ascites increased, and a severe ...
Aaltonen Jonna - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of maternal nutrition during pregnancy on infant blood pressure. STUDY DESIGN: Pregnant women (n = 256) were randomized into 3 groups: modified dietary intake according to current recommendations and probiotics (diet/probiotics), placebo (diet/placebo), and a control/placebo group. In the infants born to these women, blood ...
Steyn Daniël W - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between diurnal variation in blood pressure, the mean daily blood pressure and various complications of pregnancy in patients presenting with severe pre-eclampsia before 34 weeks' gestation. STUDY DESIGN: Forty-four women presenting to a tertiary hospital in South Africa with severe pre-eclampsia between 28 and 34 ...
Khatibi Ali - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of hypertension and use of antihypertensive drug therapy in relation to menopausal status and to delineate perceived associations between androgens and blood pressure in perimenopausal women. METHODS: A population-based sample of women aged 50-59 (n = 6893). Women were divided into three groups according to ...
Kaya Cemil - - 2007
The aim of the present 12-month, randomized, prospective controlled study was to investigate the long-term effects of low-dose oral hormone replacement therapy (HRT) on 24-h blood pressure in healthy, normotensive postmenopausal women. A total of 80 postmenopausal women received either 1 mg micronized 17beta-estradiol daily, sequentially combined with 10 mg ...
Izumi Yoichi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A major mechanism of hypertension in many postmenopausal women is deficiency of female gonadal steroids. A long postmenopausal period may thus represent one factor that influences the prevalence of hypertension because of long periods of estrogen loss. METHODS: When we conducted a medical survey in northwestern China, we also ...
Tsutsui Jeane Mike - - 2007
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the influence of gender on chronotropic and hemodynamic response during dobutamine stress echocardiography with early injection of atropine (EA-DSE). METHODS: From January 2000 to June 2003, we retrospectively evaluated patients who underwent EA-DSE for known or suspected coronary artery disease. We ...
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