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Falcao St??phanie - - 2009
Preeclampsia is the major cause of maternal and fetal mortality/morbidity. Because hypertension is an important risk factor for preeclampsia, we investigated whether hypertensive mice that overexpress human renin and angiotensinogen develop superimposed preeclampsia. Given that the mechanisms underlying this disease are still poorly understood, animal models are of great use ...
Suzuki Hirotada - - 2009
The first aim of our study was to develop a pregnant mouse model for preeclampsia using adenoviral vector containing mouse full-length soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt-1) but not truncated sFlt-1. The second aim was to evaluate effects of recombinant mouse (rm) vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and rm placental ...
Meiland Ruby - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether Escherichia coli bacteriuria is associated with the development of hypertension during a long-term follow-up. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was performed among the participants of two population-based studies. Between 1974 and 1986 all women aged 39 to 68 years old, who lived in Utrecht, the Netherlands, ...
Carpes Felipe Pivetta - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Seat pressure during cycling and its relationship to urological disorders have been discussed extensively in recently published literature. The effects of exercise configuration on seat pressure, however, still have not been fully investigated. AIM: This study evaluates the effects of two different pedaling workloads and two saddle designs on ...
Battaglia Cesare - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of a pill containing drospirenone with those of a combined contraceptive vaginal ring on the lipid and carbohydrate metabolism and on the surrogate markers of arterial function. SETTING: Bologna University School of Medicine. PATIENT(S): Thirty-seven women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) were randomly submitted to ...
Michelson G - - 2010
Earlier, we have introduced the spectral index (SI), which was derived from the harmonic content of the blood flow velocity envelope of the ophthalmic artery. SI changed in dependency on the baseline blood pressure (bBP). We now examined SI during sympathetic activation by cold stimulation for 300 s in dependency ...
Taylor Jacquelyn Y - - 2009
Genetic counseling research has been used for diseases such as breast and other cancers, but genetic counseling for hypertension has been understudied. African-American women have the highest prevalence of hypertension and cardiovascular disease of any group in the United States. Because hypertension and related cardiovascular sequela have a profound impact ...
Battaglia Cesare - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare, in normotensive postmenopausal women, the effects of drospirenone/estradiol and norethisterone acetate/estradiol on blood pressure and other surrogate markers of cerebrovascular and cardiovascular risk. METHODS: Thirty postmenopausal women were submitted to utero-ovarian ultrasonography and to color Doppler evaluation of ophthalmic arteries. Ultrasonographic ...
Conway Baqiyyah B Department of Epidemiology, The University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, - - 2009
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D). Pulse pressure, a measure of arterial stiffness, is elevated in T1D and associated with CVD. Free fatty acids (FFAs), elevated in women and abdominal adiposity, are also elevated in T1D and CVD. We thus examined ...
Yazbeck Chadi - - 2009
Prior studies revealed associations of environmental lead exposure with risks of hypertension and elevated blood pressure. We examined the effect of blood lead levels on blood pressure and the incidence of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. One thousand seventeen pregnant women were enrolled in ...
Zeeman Gerda G - - 2009
Pre-eclampsia is mainly responsible for the world's large maternal mortality rates, mostly due to acute cerebral complications. This review provides insight into the pathogenesis of the neurologic complications of hypertensive disease in pregnancy. In addition, practical relevance for clinical care is highlighted. Pertaining to pregnancy, the blood pressure level at ...
Soloway Laura E LE Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA. - - 2009
During the 20th century, infectious disease morbidity and mortality generally waned whereas chronic degenerative diseases posed a growing burden at the global level. The population on Saba, Netherlands Antilles has recently experienced such an epidemiologic transition, and hypertension was reported to be extraordinarily high, although no prevalences have been reported ...
Gaymer C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A rise in plantar pressure has been observed in pregnant women with foot pain. The current literature on plantar pressure in pregnancy is sparse. It has been postulated that changes in plantar pressure result from the physiological effects of pregnancy. In this study we aim to quantify the plantar ...
Sznurkowski Jacek J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical characteristics of infertile and fertile patients with endometriosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We evaluated medical records of women who underwent surgical treatment of endometriosis (n=284) between January 1999 and December 2003. Our study included only cases of histopathologically proven pelvic endometriosis (n=269). These patients were categorized into ...
Erceg Marijan - - 2009
This paper analyzes the Croatian Adult Health Survey data, collected in 2003 with a total of 9,070 respondents aged 18+. Based on an average of two measurements, respondents with the mean systolic arterial pressure > or = 140 mmHg or mean diastolic pressure > or = 90 mmHg were classified ...
Langrish Jeremy P - - 2009
Current hormone replacement therapy may not optimize cardiovascular health in women with premature ovarian failure. We compared the effects of physiological and standard sex steroid replacement regimens on cardiovascular health in these women. In an open-label, randomized, controlled crossover trial, 34 women with premature ovarian failure were randomly assigned to ...
Symonds Michael E - - 2009
It is now widely accepted that a gross change in the maternal diet during pregnancy results in offspring with raised blood pressure. More recently, results from human intervention studies and a range of animal experiments have questioned this concept. It thus appears that, when blood pressure is measured directly or ...
Khalil Asma - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the changes in central hemodynamics features of pregnant women presenting with hypertensive disorders and to analyze the effects of standard antihypertensive treatment on maternal central hemodynamics. METHODS: Applanation tonometry was used to record the radial artery pulse waveform in 80 women presenting with preeclampsia or gestational hypertension ...
Ma Duanduan D Division of Statistical Genomics, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63108, - - 2009
Leptin is a key neuroendocrine hormone regulating food intake, metabolism, and fat accumulation, and it may also affect blood pressure and contribute to hypertension through sympathetic activation in the vasculature or at the renal level. Although previous studies have shown that the distribution of leptin is significantly different between males ...
Carlsson Axel C - - 2009
AIM: Our aim was to study different levels of high blood pressure and normal blood pressure (reference) to calculate the hazard ratios (HRs) for cardiovascular and total mortality in men and women with adjustments for many covariates. METHODS: A health-screening program was offered to a population-based sample in Stockholm County ...
Liro Marcin - - 2009
Gestational hypertension is a recognized risk factor for the development of complications during pregnancy. The present study retrospectively assessed the respective values of blood pressure components derived from conventional and 24-h recordings (ABPM) as predictors of premature delivery in women with gestational hypertension based on office readings from 26th week ...
Finsterer Josef - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Recurrent posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) has not been reported in association with multi-system mitochondrial disorder (MID). CASE REPORT: In a 60-year-old HIV-negative, Caucasian female with short stature, double vision, struma, memory impairment, chronic renal failure requiring hemodialysis, seizures, intermittent atrial fibrillation, arterial hypertension, hyperlipidemia, anemia, hypacusis, tinnitus, and ...
Preston R A - - 2009
Menopause is commonly characterized by an increase in blood pressure. Higher blood pressure may partially explain the elevated risk for cardiovascular events observed in postmenopausal women. There is a graded relationship between blood pressure and cardiovascular risk which extends to levels of blood pressure well below 140/90 mmHg, the classical ...
Varis Juha - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to clarify whether treatment of hypertension and concomitant risk factors in Finland has improved after the introduction of national evidence-based guidelines for antihypertensive treatment in 2002. Changes in the other cardiovascular risk factors of the Finnish hypertensive patients were also assessed. DESIGN: Nationwide questionnaire survey ...
Ford Cassandra D - - 2009
This study aimed to describe the perceptions of Southern, rural, African American women regarding personal and environmental factors that affect their hypertension. A purposive sample of 25 African American women aged 40-74 years, who lived in rural Alabama, participated in seven Talking Circles for 60 minutes. Most felt that hypertension ...
Barbosa Patrícia Brentegani - - 2009
To analyze the results obtained in the evaluation of intra-vaginal pressure using three different brands of perineometers in nulliparous volunteers. Twenty nulliparous women with no anatomical alterations and/or dysfunction of the pelvic floor were enrolled in our study. All the women had the ability to voluntarily contract their PFM (Pelvic ...
Zaros Pedro R - - 2009
Evidences have showed that the incidence of arterial hypertension is greater in postmenopausal women as compared to premenopausal. Physical inactivity has been implicated as a major contributor to weight gain and abdominal obesity in postmenopausal women and the incidence of cardiovascular disease increases dramatically after menopause. Additionally, more women than ...
Nyklícek Ivan - - 2009
Evidence is accumulating for an association between psychosocial stress and elevated blood pressure. However, studies focusing on adaptive psychosocial factors are scarce. We examined the association between putatively adaptive psychosocial factors and home blood pressure in a population study in the Netherlands. Resting blood pressure was measured of 985 female ...
Papadopoulos D P - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The aim of our study was to investigate whether collagen degradation is altered in participants with masked hypertension and whether this alteration could be related to disturbances in the matrix metalloproteinases plasma concentration and to compare the findings with those participants with normal blood pressure levels matched for age, ...
Costanzo Simona - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Blood pressure control is of great importance in the prevention of cardiovascular events. AIM: To determine the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in healthy unrelated male-female pairs of European regions. METHODS: The dietary habit profile in European communities with different risk of myocardial infarction: the impact of ...
Gunderson Erica P EP Division of Research, Epidemiology and Prevention, Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, California 94612, USA. - - 2008
To prospectively examine whether blood pressure changes persist after pregnancy among women of reproductive age. This was a prospective, population-based, observational cohort of 2,304 (1,167 black, 1,137 white) women (aged 18-30 years) who were free of hypertension at baseline (1985-1986) and reexamined up to six times at 2, 5, 7, ...
Lott Mary E J - - 2009
Women compared with men are more likely to have orthostatic intolerance. The purpose of this study was to examine whether sex affects limb vasoconstrictor response to increases in transmural pressure. Brachial and femoral mean blood velocity (MBV) and diameter (Doppler Ultrasound) were measured in 10 women and 10 men as ...
Fan Xiaohan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Sex-specific responses to antihypertensive drugs are not very well understood. OBJECTIVE: To investigate sex-related differences in blood pressure response to antihypertensive drugs in a community-based prospective clinical trial. METHODS: We recruited 3535 untreated hypertensive patients (2326 women), aged 40-75 years, from 7 rural communities in China. Subjects were randomized ...
McFetridge-Durdle Judith A - - 2009
Multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) is a chronic condition prevalent in women; the symptoms are reproducible with repeated low-level chemical exposure. Evidence gathered through clinical observations suggests that women with MCS may be at risk for autonomic nervous system dysfunction as evidenced by abnormal heart rate and pulse pressure responses to ...
Masala Giovanna - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Anthropometric characteristics and dietary habits are widely recognized to influence blood pressure. We evaluated their role in a large series of Mediterranean adult women. METHODS: In Florence, in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition, we recruited 10 083 women, aged 35-64 years. Detailed information on diet, lifestyle, ...
Bakker Rachel R The Generation R Study Group, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2008
A previous analysis of the Project Viva cohort (eastern Massachusetts, 1999-2002 recruitment) found an association between higher second-trimester supplemental maternal calcium intake and lower systolic blood pressure in offspring at 6 months. The authors analyzed 5,527 systolic blood pressure measurements from 1,173 mother-child pairs from this same cohort when the ...
Eum Ki-Do - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This study is to examine the effect of cadmium exposure on blood pressure in Korean general population. METHODS: The study population consisted of 958 men and 944 women who participated in the 2005 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES), in which blood pressure and blood cadmium were ...
Cifkova Renata - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a major cardiovascular risk factor possibly explaining the excessive cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in postmenopausal women. Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies have explored this issue with diverging results. Our study sought to elucidate the impact of the menopause on blood pressure in a representative population sample. METHODS: The ...
Margolis Karen L KL HealthPartners Research Foundation, Box 1524, Mailstop 21111R, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55440-1524, USA. - - 2008
Experimental and epidemiological studies suggest that calcium and vitamin D supplements may lower blood pressure. We examined the effect of calcium plus vitamin D supplementation on blood pressure and the incidence of hypertension in postmenopausal women. The Women's Health Initiative Calcium/Vitamin D Trial randomly assigned 36 282 postmenopausal women to ...
Schutte Rudolph - - 2008
The increasing prevalence of hypertension and vascular-related morbidity and mortality among Africans emphasizes the need to identify markers for the early detection of vascular disease. Caucasian-based studies demonstrate that the von Willebrand factor (vWf) is a useful marker of vascular dysfunction. We investigated whether associations between this marker and markers ...
Yancey Lynne M - - 2011
Study Objective: Postpartum preeclampsia/eclampsia is the presence of hypertension and proteinuria, with or without seizures, occurring up to 4 weeks after delivery. We describe the Emergency Department (ED) presentation, signs and symptoms, results of diagnostic studies, management, and outcome in a cohort of patients diagnosed with postpartum preeclampsia/eclampsia at our ...
Allison Matthew A - - 2008
The aim of this study was to determine the magnitude and significance of the associations among coronary artery calcium (CAC) and systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, pulse pressure, and mean arterial pressure. Women 50 to 59 years of age at baseline in the Women's Health Initiative clinical trial of ...
Arioz Dagistan Tolga - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical relevance of dipper status in women with preeclampsia by comparing arterial stiffness index (SI) values, and dipper and nondipper status. METHODS: A total of 60 pregnant women in their third trimester were enrolled in the study. SI values were ...
Lenoir Hermine - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between blood pressure and depression in a large sample of noninstitutionalized elderly people. METHODS: Cross-sectional community-based study in 9294 participants aged 65 years and over, living at home, in three French cities (Bordeaux, Dijon and Montpellier). Participants were categorized as depressive, based on three different ...
Hildrum Bjørn - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The long-term effect of anxiety and depression on blood pressure is unclear. AIMS: To examine the prospective association of anxiety and depression with change in blood pressure in a general population. METHOD: Data on 36 530 men and women aged 20-78 years participating in the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT) ...
Poon L C Y - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of blood pressure inter-arm difference (IAD) in early pregnancy and to investigate its possible association with maternal characteristics. DESIGN: A cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: Routine antenatal visit in a university hospital. POPULATION: A total of 5435 pregnant women at 11-14 weeks of gestation. METHODS: Blood ...
Welch Nicky - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To describe the proportion of women reporting time is a barrier to healthy eating and physical activity, the characteristics of these women and the perceived causes of time pressure, and to examine associations between perceptions of time as a barrier and consumption of fruit, vegetables and fast food, and ...
Vilos George A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To describe three steps: (1) the initial Veress pressure (VIP-Pressure), (2) transient high-pressure pneumoperitoneum (HIP-Entry) prior to trocar/cannula insertion, and (3) visual entry with a trocarless cannula during closed laparoscopic entry, which may reduce major injuries. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study (Canadian Task Force Classification II-2). SETTING: University-affiliated teaching ...
Leeman Lawrence - - 2008
The National High Blood Pressure Education Program Working Group on High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy has defined four categories of hypertension in pregnancy: chronic hypertension, gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, and preeclampsia superimposed on chronic hypertension. A maternal blood pressure measurement of 140/90 mm Hg or greater on two occasions before 20 ...
Saha, I; ;
This community-based cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the prevalence of hypertension and variation of blood pressure with age among adolescents in an urban slum of Chetla, Kolkata, India. A total of 1081 adolescents aged 10-19 years were involved in the study. The prevalence of hypertension was 2.9% (31) ...
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