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Results 101 - 150 of 1130
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Musluman Ahmet Murat AM Sisli Research and Education Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Istanbul - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between ischemic neurodegeneration, of the petrosal ganglion of the glossopharyngeal nerve, and BP fluctuations, after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Twenty-four rabbits had their blood pressure and heart rhythms studied daily over 20 days. Then, the histopathology of the petrosal ganglion was ...
Galderisi Maurizio - - 2010
The progression of hypertensive involvement toward heart failure includes myocardial fibrosis and changes of left ventricular (LV) geometry. In the presence of these abnormalities, diastolic abnormalities occur and are defined as LV diastolic dysfunction (DD). They include alterations of both relaxation and filling, precede alterations of chamber systolic function and ...
Caqueo-Urízar Alejandra - - 2011
This study explored the relationships between perceived sociocultural pressure to fulfill the thin beauty ideal, body distress, and the presence of eating disorder symptoms. Participants were 437 Chilean adolescent girls from Arica, northern Chile, aged 13-18. Results showed significant associations between perceived pressure from social agents to be thin and ...
Atalar Enver - - 2010
Women have lower systolic blood pressure (SBP) levels than men during early adulthood. Diastolic blood pressure (DBP) tends to be just marginally lower in women than men regardless of age. Aims of this study were (i) to determine 95th percentile value of SBP, DBP, and mean arterial blood pressure in ...
Roman S S Department of Medicine, The Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611-2951, USA. - - 2011
Although most of the patients with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) have mucosal and structural changes that could potentially explain their symptoms, it is unclear whether EoE is associated with abnormal esophageal motor function. The aims of this study were to evaluate the esophageal pressure topography (EPT) findings in EoE and to ...
von Peinen K - - 2010
Similar to human decubitus ulcers, local high pressure points from ill-fitting saddles induce perfusion disturbances of different degrees resulting in tissue hypoxia and alteration in sweat production. To relate the different clinical manifestations of saddle sores to the magnitude of saddle pressures at the location of the withers. Sixteen horses ...
Ganguly Sonali - - 2010
In this case report, we document the clinical course, laboratory findings, and imaging findings of a 21-year-old pregnant woman with multiple paragangliomas due to a succinate dehydrogenase B (SDHB) mutation. We also review the literature on previously reported cases. The patient presented with nausea, palpitations, angina, and amenorrhea. Her blood ...
Musto Anthony - - 2010
Pedometer programs can increase physical activity in sedentary individuals, a population that is at risk for developing metabolic syndrome and each of its individual components. Although the popular 10,000 steps/day recommendation has shown to induce many favorable health benefits, it may be out of reach for sedentary individuals. This study ...
Gambacciani M - - 2011
Objectives To describe the effects of low-dose hormonal replacement therapy (HRT) on quality of life, metabolic parameters and blood pressure in postmenopausal women. Methods Postmenopausal women untreated with HRT or sex steroids in the previous 12 months were randomized to treatment with 17β-estradiol (1 mg/day) plus drospirenone (2 mg/day) (E2+DRSP) or to calcium (controls). ...
Miyatake Nobuyuki - - 2010
The link between changes in a subject's metabolic syndrome components and her estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was evaluated in healthy Japanese women. We used data for 53 Japanese women (46.0±10.9 years) with a 1-year follow up. eGFR was defined by a new equation developed for Japan. There were no ...
Kudla Marek J - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to describe a new method for assessing ovarian vascularization using spatiotemporal image correlation (STIC)-high-definition flow (HDF). Thirty healthy premenopausal fertile women were assessed in the follicular part of the menstrual cycle by transvaginal sonography. A 4-dimensional STIC-HDF volume was obtained from the nondominant ovary ...
Faria João - - 2010
Paragangliomas (extra-adrenal pheochromocytomas) are rare tumors originating in the autonomic nervous system, whose clinical manifestations are the result of excessive production of catecholamines. The classic triad of palpitations, headache, and diaphoresis associated with hypertension (HT), elevated serum and urine catecholamine levels, and visualization of the mass on imaging tests, enables ...
Geelhoed J J Miranda JJ Generation R Study Group and Departments of Epidemiology and Pediatrics, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, the - - 2010
Offspring of women with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are at increased risk of cardiovascular complications later in life, but the mechanisms underlying these associations are unclear. Our aim was to examine whether adjusting for birth weight and familial adiposity changed the association of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy with offspring blood ...
Parrish Marc R MR Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Winfred L. Wiser Hospital for Women and Infants, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS 39216-4505, - - 2012
To determine if hemodynamic profiling using noninvasive impedance cardiography (ICG) reliably identifies the patient with severe (SPRE) or superimposed (SuPRE) preeclampsia. Late gestation hypertensive pregnant patients underwent immediate ICG evaluation. Findings were compared between patients subsequently achieving or not achieving American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists criteria for SPRE or ...
Aisien A O - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The study evaluated the safety, efficacy and acceptability of Implanon (etonogestrel) subdermal implant contraceptive amongst its acceptors. STUDY DESIGN: This was part of an on going prospective longitudinal study that involved 32 women out of 46 sexually active healthy informed volunteers recruited from our family planning clinic between February ...
Hageman Patricia A PA Physical Therapy Education, College of Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, - - 2010
This study examined whether rural women, who had a high prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension upon enrollment in a wellness program, would also have a high prevalence of other cardiovascular disease risk factors such as low fitness and/or dyslipidemia. Data were analyzed from 225 rural women, ages 50-69, enrolled in ...
Koch Beate - - 2010
Respiratory muscle pressures have been gaining increasing interest because of prognostic value. The study aim was to acquire reference values for respiratory pressures in a large-scale population-based survey--the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP). One thousand eight hundred and nine participants (885 men) of a cross-sectional epidemiologic survey, called 'Study ...
Moist Louise - - 2010
The authors evaluated the risk for pregnancy-related hypertension among previously healthy women who conceived within 5 years of exposure to drinking water contaminated with Escherichia coli O157.H7 in Walkerton, Canada (2000). Chronic hypertension was defined as systolic/diastolic blood pressure >/=140/90 mm Hg before 20 weeks gestation; gestational hypertension was defined ...
Hawkesworth Sophie S Medical Research Council International Nutrition Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom. - - 2010
Evidence suggests that increased maternal calcium intake during pregnancy may result in lower offspring blood pressure, prompting calls for more robust data in this field, particularly in settings of habitually low calcium intake. The objective was to investigate the effect of maternal calcium supplementation on blood pressure in offspring by ...
Lee D-Y - - 2011
Background Previous studies of the effects of postmenopausal hormone therapy (HT) on blood pressure have yielded inconsistent results. Objectives To examine the impact of HT on 24-h ambulatory blood pressure. Methods A total of 67 postmenopausal Korean women (age 57.1 ± 5.7 years) received 2 months of HT consisting of conjugated equine estrogen (CEE, 0.625 ...
Olszanecka Agnieszka - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The relationship between menopause and hypertension has been a topic of investigation for several years. In the pathogenesis of hypertension after menopause, metabolic disturbances play an important role. AIM: To assess the relationship between adipocytokines and blood pressure, lipid and glucose metabolism in middle-aged perimenopausal women with essential hypertension. ...
Tian Ye - - 2010
A direct-current, cold atmospheric-pressure air plasma microjet (PMJ) was performed to inactivate Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis) in air. The process of sterilization and morphology of bacteria was observed. We wish to know the possible inactivation mechanisms of PMJ and explore a potential application in dental ...
Yadav Praveen - - 2010
A 14-year-old male presented with bilateral papilledema, growth retardation and absent secondary sexual characters. He had a past history of fever, headache and fatigue of 6 months duration. The diagnosis of intracranial hypertension (IH) was confirmed by an increased intracranial pressure and normal neuroimaging studies of the brain, except for ...
Tskitishvili Ekaterine - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The level of tumor-associated receptor-binding cancer antigen that is expressed on SiSo cells (RCAS1) is decreased significantly in preeclamptic pregnancies. We hypothesized that RCAS1 protein gene silencing might affect blood pressure and proteinuria in pregnant mice. STUDY DESIGN: On postcoital day 7.5, pregnant imprinting control region mice were subjected ...
Isezuo S A - - 2011
To determine the prevalence and relationship between prehypertension and hypertension, we studied 782 ethnic Hausa and Fulanis (men, 409; women, 373) aged 38.9±13.9 years recruited by multistage cluster sampling. Demographic, anthropometry, metabolic and JNC VII-based blood pressure categories were obtained and analysed using univariate and multivariate models. The prevalence rates ...
Brandin Lisa M - - 2010
AIMS: To investigate the medium-term effects of estrogen plus progesterone therapy (EPT) on vascular reactivity, endothelial function and hemodynamic responses in 20 hypertensive postmenopausal women. METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, cross-over, placebo-controlled study investigates the effect of 6 months of EPT (conjugated equine estrogen plus medroxyprogesterone). Blood pressure (office and ambulatory), ...
Riedl Maik - - 2010
Pre-eclampsia (PE), a serious pregnancy-specific disorder, causes significant neonatal and maternal morbidity and mortality. Recent studies showed that cardiovascular variability parameters as well as the baroreflex sensitivity remarkably improve its early diagnosis. For a better understanding of the dynamical changes caused by PE, in this study the coupling between respiration, ...
Umesawa Mitsumasa - - 2010
An inverse association between total protein intake and blood pressure has been reported in Western countries. Such evidence is limited in the Japanese population, however, whose major protein sources are plants and seafood. We conducted a population-based cross-sectional study of 986 men and 1,636 women, aged 40-74 years, in a ...
Garry Ray - - 2010
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To document the hysteroscopic appearance of the endometrium at various stages of menstrual shedding and regeneration. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENTS: Fourteen women at various stages of the bleeding phase of the menstrual cycle who had not received hormonal therapy during the previous 2 months ...
Guzin Kadir - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to observe the effects of magnesium sulfate on various blood biochemical parameters and coagulation status of patients with preeclampsia. METHODS: During a period of 4 years, 50 patients with severe or mild preeclampsia progressing to severe preeclampsia were included in the cross-sectional study. ...
Nij Bijvank Sebastiaan W A - - 2010
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravenous nicardipine for the treatment of severe hypertension in pregnancy. Articles were identified through electronic databases (Medline and Cochrane). No date or language restrictions were placed. Relevant citations were hand searched. The following search terms were used: pregnancy, severe hypertension and nicardipine. Patients ...
Ljungman C - - 2011
The aim of this retrospective study in primary health care was to study gender differences in blood pressure levels in response to treatment of new onset hypertension. Gender difference in blood pressure control and pharmacological treatment was also recorded. A total of 334 women and 332 men aged 50 years ...
Elias Merrill F - - 2010
We examined the hypothesis that lowered cognitive performance plays a role in the relation between elevated blood pressure and physical disability in performing basic physical tasks. A community-based sample (N=1025) free from stroke and dementia (mean age: 61.1 years; SD: 13.0 years; 59.8% women) was used. Using path analysis, systolic ...
Sinha Pragya - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Blood pressure usually increases in winter and decreases in summer i.e, shows seasonal variation. In a tropical country like India women often complain off prominent symptoms like dizziness, giddiness, fainting and weakness during summer months. The objective was to study the prevalence of above symptoms which are common during ...
Li Zhibin - - 2010
High blood pressure variability is increasingly used as a predictor of target-organ damage and cardiovascular events. However, little is known about blood pressure variability changes with age and its possible sociodemographic, anthropometric, and genetic moderators. Twenty-four-hour ambulatory blood pressure was measured up to 12 times over a 15-year period in ...
Sun Zhaoqing - - 2010
To determine the incidence of hypertension and its risk factors among rural Chinese women with prehypertension and normotension. A population-based sample of 12,060 rural Chinese women aged > or = 35 years and free from hypertension at baseline were followed from 2004-2006 to 2008. Incident hypertension was defined as systolic ...
Volkoff S - - 2010
Two general trends, the tightening of time constraints and the ageing of the working population, are likely to raise sensitive problems implying adjustment of both work and workers' characteristics. The statistical studies presented in this paper, referring to a French inter-professional survey conducted on health and work after fifty (11 ...
Schmitt Judith A M JA Department of Anesthesiology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2010
We tested whether the inter-individual variability in alpha-adrenergic support of blood pressure plays a critical role in the sex differences in tonic support of blood pressure by the autonomic nervous system. Blockade of the alpha-adrenergic receptors was achieved via phentolamine and showed a smaller (P < 0.05) decrease in blood ...
Krustrup P - - 2010
The present study examined the cardiovascular health effects of 16 weeks of recreational football training in untrained premenopausal women in comparison with continuous running training. Fifty healthy women were matched and randomized to a football (FG, n=25) or a running (RG, n=25) group and compared with a control group with ...
Jensky Nicole E NE Departments of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, Calif 92037, USA. - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine the associations between the presence and extent of calcified atherosclerosis in multiple vascular beds and systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, pulse pressure, mean arterial pressure, isolated systolic hypertension, and hypertension. A total of 9510 patients (42.5% women) underwent electron beam computed ...
Seçil Yaprak - - 2010
Migraine attacks are characterized by headaches associated with neurological, gastrointestinal, and autonomic symptoms. A relationship between migraine and hypertension or hypotension is controversial. In this study, we aimed to determine if blood pressure changes were related to migraine attacks. From the outpatient clinic of our neurology department, 62 normotensive migraine ...
Colunga-Garcia Manuel - - 2010
As international trade increases so does the prominence of urban areas as gateways for exotic forest insects (EFI). Delimiting hot spots for invasions (i.e., areas where establishment is likely) within urban areas would facilitate monitoring efforts. We used a propagule-pressure framework to delimit establishment hot spots of a hypothetical generalist ...
Miller Douglas K - - 2010
To examine factors associated with change in grip strength. Grip strength was measured at baseline and 3 years later. Change was divided into "decreased >/=5 kg," "increased >/=5 kg," and "no change" and analyzed using multinomial multivariable logistic regression. Decline in grip strength was more likely for men, those reporting ...
Canti Ivete Cristina Teixeira - - 2010
Preeclampsia is a gestational disease that occurs mainly among nulliparous women after the 20th week of gestation, and frequently close to delivery. The effects of preeclampsia on women's blood pressure over the long term are still controversial. Patients with recurrent preeclampsia or preeclampsia in the early stages of pregnancy appear ...
Getahun Workineh - - 2010
Fresh leaves and buds of the Khat plant (Catha edulis) contain Cathinone, an amphetamine like alkaloid responsible for its pharmacological action. Chewing of Khat has been associated with a transient rise in blood pressure and heart rate in experimental studies. Few studies examined the effect of regular or frequent Khat ...
Kovanci Ertug E Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, - - 2010
The authors aimed to provide evidence for a major gene effect on blood pressure across normal pregnancy. Blood pressure measurements from 265 patients of Mexican descent derived from medical records were grouped into 4-week blocks by gestational age. Analyses of normality in the distribution of measurements for each block were ...
Podymow Tiina T McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. - - 2010
New onset hypertension (gestational hypertension and preeclampsia) complicates 6-8% of pregnancies and usually resolves postpartum, but the time to normalization of blood pressure (BP) in the postpartum period is not known. We performed a retrospective cohort study of previously normotensive women who developed gestational hypertension or preeclampsia, and determined the ...
Madill Stéphanie J SJ School of Rehabilitation Therapy, Louise D Acton Building, 31 George Street, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, - - 2010
This study compared the patterns of pelvic floor muscle (PFM) activity during coughing between women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and continent women, using surface electromyography (EMG) and posterior vaginal wall (PVW) pressure. Twenty-four women participated: eight continent, eight with mild SUI and eight with severe SUI. Volunteers performed three ...
Berks Durk - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the time required for hypertension and proteinuria to resolve after preeclampsia, and to estimate how this time to resolution correlates with the levels of blood pressure and proteinuria during preeclampsia and prolonging pregnancy after the development of preeclampsia. METHODS: This is a historic prospective cohort study of ...
Barbosa Alexandre Simões - - 2010
Neurological findings in preeclampsia fulfill diagnostic criteria of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES), which is related to cerebral autoregulation impairment associated with high blood pressure. In preeclampsia, PRES may occur without a significant increase in blood pressure. Our aim was to investigate the association between ophthalmic artery resistive index (OARI) ...
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