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Mooney P - - 1991
Many decisions in pregnancy are based on one or two casual blood pressure estimations made in the antenatal clinic. No previous study has challenged the validity of this practice or attempted to discover whether there are significant differences between the blood pressures of pregnant women when they are measured in ...
Göbel B O - - 1991
The relationship between arterial blood pressure and red blood cell variables was investigated in 1013 unselected persons with a blood pressure range of 90 to 225 mm Hg systolic and 50 to 145 mm Hg diastolic. Statistically significant correlations were demonstrated between mean (as well as systolic and diastolic) arterial ...
Catanzarite V - - 1991
The members of the Society of Perinatal Obstetricians were surveyed regarding management of preeclampsia, with focus on drug therapy, use of invasive monitors, and both general policies and treatment of hypothetical cases of preterm severe preeclampsia. There was agreement that magnesium sulfate should be given to all patients with preeclampsia ...
Gortzak R A - - 1990
The effect of dental checkups on blood pressure was investigated. In 27 normotensive patients (13 men and 14 women) aged 22 to 64 years (mean 39.75 +/- 10.5 years), a 26-hour continuous, noninvasive blood pressure registration was carried out. Of each patient at least 175 blood pressure measurements were registered ...
Oney T - - 1990
In normal pregnancy the circadian blood pressure rhythm is similar to that in the non-pregnant state, with the highest blood pressure values in the morning and the lowest at midnight. This rhythm is lost in patients with pre-eclampsia. Women with severe pre-eclampsia show a reversed circadian rhythm, with a nocturnal ...
- - 1990
This consensus report focuses the presentation, pathophysiology, and management of the hypertensive disorders of pregnancy expanding on recommendations first presented in 1988 by the Joint National Committee on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure. Practicing physicians should determine whether a patient's hypertension during pregnancy falls into the classification ...
Pica L A - - 1990
The prevalence, awareness and control of hypertension were assessed in a representative sample (n = 1,374) of the Laval population (aged 30-69 years). The study was designed to identify people at increased risk for cardiovascular disease because of elevated blood pressure levels rather than to establish a strict clinical prevalence. ...
Rosén L - - 1990
Disturbances of vasomotor activity and veno-arteriolar reflex mechanism probably promote cutaneous edema formation. Videophotometric capillaroscopy was used to measure nailfold skin capillary blood cell velocity (CBV) and its response to increased transmural pressure induced by venous occlusion in healthy subjects, normal pregnancies and patients with preeclampsia. Vasomotion, assessed by rhythmic ...
Eison H - - 1990
Non-invasive ambulatory blood pressure monitoring was performed in a consecutive series of 87 subjects with recently detected mild uncomplicated hypertension. Obese subjects, diabetics and those with secondary hypertension were excluded. Ambulatory pressures were recorded on a day of usual activity. Average ambulatory systolic and diastolic pressures were significantly lower than ...
Schlussel Y R - - 1990
The prevalence of hypertension defined according to National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey II (NHANES II) criteria (140/90 mmHg and/or taking antihypertensive medication) was analyzed cross-sectionally at seven worksites in New York City (n = 4274; 2616 men and 1648 women), in order to assess whether exposure to different work ...
Jula A - - 1990
Ninety-one middle-aged men and women with untreated mild hypertension were allocated to a nopharmacological treatment group or to a control group. Members of the treatment group were instructed to reduce daily sodium intake to less than 70 mmol, to reduce the intake of saturated fat, to lose weight if necessary ...
Smith W C - - 1990
OBJECTIVE: Audit of detection, treatment, and control of hypertension in adults in Scotland. DESIGN: Cross sectional survey with random population sampling. SETTING: General practice centres in 22 Scottish districts. SUBJECTS: 5123 Men and 5236 women aged 40-59 in the Scottish heart health study, randomly selected from 22 districts throughout Scotland, ...
Råstam L - - 1990
Recommendations state that the optimum ratio of blood pressure cuff width/arm circumference (CW/AC) is about 0.4. In this study of middle-aged men (n = 940) and women (n = 1484), we analysed the effect of CW/AC on blood pressure measurement variability and its interaction with age, body mass index (BMI), ...
Sibai B M - - 1990
Three hundred women with mild chronic hypertension at 6 to 13 weeks' gestation were randomly allocated to receive either methyldopa or labetalol or be in the control group. Thirty-seven women (12%) were excluded for various reasons. Of the remaining 263 patients, 90 received no drug, 87 received methyldopa, and 86 ...
Dyer A R - - 1990
In INTERSALT, an international study of electrolytes and blood pressure, body mass index (kg/m2) was found to relate independently to blood pressure. These relations were assessed in 10,079 men and women aged 20-59 years from 52 centers around the world, based on a standardized protocol, central training of observers, a ...
Mooney P - - 1990
Although many pregnant women are admitted to hospital for 'high blood pressure' during the third trimester, less than a third of them will subsequently develop severe hypertension. We used a Dinamap 1846 vital signs monitor to measure the blood pressure every 5 min during the first hour in hospital of ...
Elford J - - 1990
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relative contributions of factors acting at different stages in life to regional differences in adult blood pressure. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study (British regional heart study). SETTING: One general practice in each of 24 towns in Britain. SUBJECTS: 7735 Men aged 40-59 years when screened in 1978-80 ...
Tracy R E - - 1990
Arterionephrosclerosis is diagnosed at autopsy by assessing the severity and extent of certain structural features in the renal cortical arteries seen in tissue sections. These features are characterized by fibrotic intimal thickening and medial shrinkage, a progressive change from the youthful muscular pattern to the elderly sclerotic pattern. Intimal fibrosis ...
King A C - - 1990
The current study explored the relationship between repressive coping and blood pressure responses at rest and during a mental challenge. One hundred and twenty healthy, middle-aged men and women completed anxiety and defensiveness measures. Subjects scoring below the median on anxiety and above the median on defensiveness were categorized as ...
Rejeski W J - - 1990
Examined cardiovascular and testosterone responses of dominant and submissive women to an acute stressor involving contested dominance. Twenty (10 dominant, 10 submissive) university students rated their dominance to a predefined reference group, participated in a task that involved debating with a trained technician, and were continuously provided with bogus feedback ...
Resch B A - - 1990
In a prospective study the effect of Betaloc therapy on pregnancy-associated mild and moderately severe hypertension has been examined. Besides the effects on the mother the changes of foetal heart rate were also observed. The antihypertensive therapy was performed with daily 3 x 100 mg (3 x 1 tab) oral ...
Bruce N G - - 1990
Geographical variations in blood pressure have been studied using an automatic sphygmomanometer in 2596 men and women aged 25-29, 40-44 and 55-59 living in nine British towns. In males aged 40-59, systolic blood pressure showed a range in age-adjusted town means of 9.0 mmHg (p less than 0.05); in females ...
Rinner M D - - 1989
The relationships between the serum cations sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium and blood pressure were investigated in a population-based sample of 182 Dutch persons aged 20-59 years. Age, Quetelet index (weight/height2), albumin and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (gamma-GT) were taken into account as confounders in the analyses. In univariate and multivariate analyses, ...
Somers P J - - 1989
This investigation assessed the efficacy of a biobehavioral intervention in the adjunctive treatment of mild pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH), a potentially serious complication of pregnancy in which normotensive women develop hypertension, proteinuria, and edema of unknown etiology late in gestation. Forty-five women with symptoms of PIH were randomly assigned to one ...
Drory Y - - 1989
To detect for possible evidence of autonomic nervous system dysfunction, we assessed exercise response in 198 young women with echocardiographically documented MVP. The same test was used to determine whether patients with or without physical symptoms or with various auscultatory findings responded differently. Compared with 105 age- and sex-matched healthy ...
Dyer A R - - 1989
In INTERSALT, the relationship between body mass index (kg/m2) and blood pressure was studied in 10,079 men and women aged 20-59, sampled from 52 centres around the world, based on a standardised protocol with central training of observers, a central laboratory and extensive quality control. Body mass index-blood pressure relationships ...
Salomaa V - - 1989
The development of hypertension care in Finland was evaluated using the data from two independent population samples of the FINMONICA Project comprising 9350 and 6250 persons examined in 1982 and 1987, respectively. The sampling frame was the population aged 25 to 64 years in the provinces of North Karelia and ...
de Andrade R P - - 1989
The safety and efficacy of a low-dose monophasic oral contraceptive (OC) containing a new progestogen, gestodene (GTD), combined with ethinyl estradiol (EE) is being investigated in two ongoing multicenter trails. In this interim analysis, the formulation was found to be effective and well tolerated. Subject compliance was excellent; no pills ...
Williams O D - - 1989
Three diverse samples of men and women aged 35-64 years living in urban Poland, rural Poland, and the United States are described and subsequently analyzed using systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure separately as dependent variables in multiple regression. Several demographic, behavioral, and biologic factors are included in the ...
Bush T L - - 1989
Data from cross-sectional surveys show an increase in systolic blood pressure with increasing age. However, cross-sectional data can be misleading. Our purpose in this study is to prospectively describe changes in systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels over time in community-dwelling elderly persons. The participants were 1,917 men and women ...
- - 1989
Changes in blood pressure were measured at three-monthly intervals over one year in a prospective study of 704 women using an oral contraceptive (OC) containing levonorgestrel 250 ug with ethinyl estradiol 50 ug and 703 women using an intrauterine device (IUD). The study was conducted in 11 centres in seven ...
Bracero L A - - 1989
Quantitative placental examinations were performed on 47 women who had Doppler flow velocity studies of the umbilical artery during their pregnancy. The systolic-diastolic ratio of the umbilical artery was used as the measurement parameter to divide the study population into two groups. Group 1 consisted of women with normal systolic-diastolic ...
Goddard P J - - 1989
Pressures were recorded monthly at two sites in the vagina of each of five pregnant and five nonpregnant pony mares; pressures in five mares were also recorded weekly after foaling. The developing pregnancy did not influence pressure, and after foaling the integrity of the seal formed by the caudal reproductive ...
Taylor R - - 1989
Blood pressure was studied in urban and rural samples of the Melanesian and Indian populations of Fiji during a National Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes Survey in 1980. Mean blood pressures rose with age and tended to be higher in urban than in rural populations, particularly in the middle age range. ...
Salmond C E - - 1989
The longitudinal relation between blood pressure changes and migration experience has been studied in a cohort of 654 adult Tokelauans through three survey periods between 1968 and 1982. Migration from a subsistence life-style on a Pacific atoll to an urbanized Western life-style in New Zealand is associated with increases in ...
Omigbodun A O - - 1989
The effect of using either normal saline or 5% glucose solution, as fluid vehicle for oxytocin, on postpartum blood pressure was investigated in 138 parturient women. Blood pressure measurements were done at the commencement of infusion, immediately after delivery, at 1 hour and at 12 hours postpartum. There was no ...
James G D - - 1989
The purpose of this study was to examine whether the relationships between the rates of urinary catecholamine excretion and blood pressure were similar in more traditionally living and more acculturated Western Samoan men. The men studied included 31 traditionally living villagers and 28 laborers, 33 sedentary workers, and 31 college ...
Tzoumaka-Bakoula C - - 1989
Unique population data on the incidence of hypertension during pregnancy was obtained during the 1983 Greek National Perinatal Survey. Of the 9915 women delivering in April who had their blood pressures measured during pregnancy, only 3.0% had a diastolic pressure of over 90 mmHg. The data can be compared with ...
van Beresteyn E C - - 1989
Epidemiologic studies have shown that blood pressure increases more rapidly in middle-aged women than in middle-aged men. Whether or not ovarian failure contributes to this rapid rise is still not clear. In a follow-up study begun in 1979 and to continue for 10 years, the blood pressure of 193 healthy ...
Lawler K A - - 1989
This research is an assessment of the physiological correlates of Type A behavior in college-aged women. Subjects were monitored while they took a midterm statistics examination; the dependent variables were systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, and heart rate variability. Type A or B behavior was assessed with the ...
Tuomilehto J - - 1989
A cross-sectional interpopulation analysis of blood pressure and its determinants was conducted with the data collected during epidemiologic surveys in 11 Pacific island populations from 1975 to 1981. In each of these populations, the mean arterial blood pressure increased with age; the overall blood pressure levels differed among the populations. ...
Dell'Acqua G - - 1989
The correlation for diastolic and systolic blood pressure was studied in two samples of quartets each consisting of two pairs. The first sample comprised pairs of sisters and their husbands, and the second sample was comprised of brothers and their wives. All siblings were between 30 and 55 years of ...
Hahn W K - - 1989
Blood pressure norms are presented for 1,522 white, healthy, nonsmoking, normotensive 18 to 22-year-old men and women as a function of age and parental hypertension. Age effects were observed for diastolic blood pressure among males only. Parental hypertension was related to higher systolic and diastolic blood pressure among young women, ...
Huang Kou Chu - - 1989
The relationship between hemodynamic changes induced by electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) and age was studied in 13 patients. Their average age was 43 years (range 20-64 years). Heart rate, arterial blood pressure, and rate-pressure product (RPP) all increased significantly following ECT. There was an inverse relationship between age and the magnitude ...
Marks R G - - 1989
In a cross-sectional analysis of 2,301 ambulatory elderly subjects, the mean resting heart rate for women (66.2/min) was significantly higher than for men (63.6/min), p less than 0.0001, and heart rate was positively correlated with age for both men and women. Resting heart rate was positively correlated with the number ...
Heilmann L - - 1989
We obtained blood samples from 52 patients with pre-eclampsia and from 40 pregnant controls for measurement of plasma urate levels, hematocrit, white cell count and various hemorheological parameters. We also used impedance cardiography to measure cardiac output in both groups and from the results derived values for total peripheral resistance ...
Schmied L A - - 1989
The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship among control, Type A behavior and cardiovascular responsivity in female clerical workers. Control was examined by assessing locus of control and by employing a learned helplessness paradigm. Helplessness was varied by three treatment conditions on a concept identification task: ...
Wilking S V SV Geriatrics Section, Evans Memorial Department of Clinical Research, University Hospital, Boston University Medical Center, MA - - 1988
Isolated systolic hypertension (ISH), defined as systolic blood pressure of 160 mm Hg or greater when the diastolic pressure is less than 95 mm Hg, is a common form of hypertension among the elderly. We collected incidence and prevalence data on ISH and evaluated several potential factors for its occurrence ...
Grobbee D E - - 1988
Blood pressure in women rises after menopause. In the same period of their lives many women gain weight. Both menopause and increases in body weight may influence blood pressure elevation. To study the association between changes in body weight, age at menopause and duration of menopause, and blood pressure, a ...
Kaplan N M - - 1988
Hypertension may develop during pregnancy or with the use of OC pills. Although the precise manner by which this rise in blood pressure occurs is unknown, appropriate management of the problem can protect against the consequences. The use of hormonal replacement therapy after menopause is not associated with a rise ...
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