Search Results
Results 701 - 750 of 1123
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Bucher H C HC Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 1996
To review the effect of calcium supplementation during pregnancy on blood pressure, preeclampsia, and adverse outcomes of pregnancy. We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE for 1966 to May 1994. We contacted authors of eligible trials to ensure accuracy and completeness of data and to identify unpublished trials. Fourteen randomized trials involving ...
Ireland P D - - 1996
The aim of this study was to investigate changes in the average blood pressure of Australian-born and Italian-born men and women after a 20-year interval, in the same location, the Melbourne suburb of Brunswick, located about five km north of the centre of the city. Data pertaining to blood pressure ...
Heintz B - - 1996
Twenty-four hour blood pressure profiles were determined by non-invasive ambulatory blood pressure measurements in young normotensive women during the follicular and luteal phases of the menstrual cycle. Forty women participated, 20 of whom were on oral contraceptives (ethinyl-ethylestradiol 0.03 mg + levonorgestrel 0.15 mg) and 20 of whom were age- ...
Campbell D M - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine how diet of the mother in pregnancy influences the blood pressure of the offspring in adult life. DESIGN: A follow up study of men and women born during 1948-1954 whose mothers had taken part in a survey of diet in late pregnancy. SETTING: Aberdeen, Scotland. POPULATION: Two ...
Bunker C H - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether hypertension rates were positively related to socioeconomic status (SES) in males in urban northern Nigerian civil servants in order to confirm this relationship previously observed in a southern Nigerian civil servant population which differed in tribal origin, religious practices and diet. METHODS: Civil servants were recruited ...
Shennan A - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Since hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are common, blood pressure is frequently measured in all pregnant women. Many authorities recommend that Korotkoff phase IV (K4, muffling of sound) is taken as the diastolic identification point measured on mercury sphygmomanometry in pregnancy because of reports that phase V (K5, disappearance of ...
Holte J - - 1996
The aim of this study was to evaluate office and 24 h blood pressures in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and normal controls in relation to insulin sensitivity. Office blood pressure, insulin sensitivity (euglycaemic hyperinsulinaemic clamp) and body fat distribution (skin-folds, waits:hip ratio) were investigated in 36 women with ...
Hanna J M - - 1996
Traditional peoples contacting modern cultures frequently experience increased levels of blood pressure. The aim of this investigation was to identify some acculturation-related psychosocial factors which might contribute to those elevations. Young Samoans living in a traditional village, in modernizing American Samoa, and as migrants in Hawaii were studied. Casual blood ...
Hazuda H P - - 1996
WE EXAMINED THE ASSOCIATION between sociocultural status (assimilation, modernization, and socioeconomic status) and blood pressure among people of Mexican origin living in San Antonio, Texas, and Mexico City. In San Antonio, higher levels of sociocultural status, especially education and structural assimilation, were generally associated with favorable blood pressure. In Mexico ...
Hsu C D - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To measure the circulating levels of thrombomodulin in women with preeclampsia, gestational hypertension, and chronic hypertension. METHODS: Serum levels of thrombomodulin were measured in 34 women with preeclampsia, 15 with gestational hypertension, 11 with chronic hypertension, and 34 normotensive pregnant women in the third trimester. Preeclampsia, gestational hypertension, and ...
Wu X - - 1995
The third nation-wide survey of blood pressure level and hypertension was carried out in China in 1991. In total, 950,356 residents aged > or = 15 years were examined. Sampling population were composed of half urban and half rural from 27 provinces or autonomous regions and three municipalities. The results ...
Uchino B N - - 1995
The influence of appraisal support on age-related differences in cardiovascular function was examined. Resting assessments of heart rate, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), and preejection period were obtained from 45 young and 20 elderly women. Consistent with prior research, results revealed that the ...
Hammond I W - - 1995
The use of fourth phase Korotkoff sound (K4) versus fifth phase Korotkoff sound (K5) for the determination of diastolic blood pressure (DBP) has been a subject of controversy since the indirect method of determining arterial blood pressure was described. Using data from the Bogalusa Heart Study, we evaluated the differences ...
Menghetti E - - 1995
The systolic and diastolic blood pressure was monitored on healthy subjects of different ages, spanning from newborns (24-48 hs old, to elderly age (70-80 years old). Each subject was monitored for 15 minutes, and the pressure values collected every minute. This protocol allowed a statistical evaluation of both inter- and ...
Elias P K - - 1995
The relationships of three blood pressure variables (systolic and diastolic pressures and chronicity of hypertension) and age to cognitive performance on the Kaplan-Albert Neuropsychological Test Battery were explored in a sample of 1,695 stroke-free participants of the Framingham Heart Study. Multiple blood pressure measurements were obtained over four or five ...
Elias M F - - 1995
Interactions of three indices of blood pressure (systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and chronicity of hypertension) and age-cohort membership were examined for a sample of 1,695 stroke-free participants of the Framingham Heart Study, ages 55-88 years. Blood pressure level and chronicity of hypertension were assessed over five biennial examinations ...
Godsland I F - - 1995
Data from a previous study, designed to compare metabolic risk markers for cardiovascular disease in non-users and oral contraceptive (OC) users, were analysed to evaluate the influence of OC composition on blood pressure. Healthy, female volunteers (1189 women) either not using OC (non-users) or currently using one of six different ...
Tsuchihashi T - - 1995
To investigate the seasonal variations in ambulatory blood pressure patterns, 24-h blood pressure was measured every 15 minutes noninvasively in ten young normotensive women. Urine was collected every 4 hours. The examinations were repeated in spring, summer, autumn, and winter in a standardized living environment. The 24-h average systolic and ...
London G M - - 1995
Systolic pressure is lower in premenopausal women than in age-matched men, but underlying alterations are not well characterized. Aging and body size alter arterial function, influencing pressure wave propagation and amplification in peripheral and central arteries. To assess the possibility that systolic pressure differences in women are related to smaller ...
Nilsson P - - 1995
The aim of the present study was to investigate correlations between fasting insulin and ambulatory blood pressure in healthy 50-year-old women. Sixty-five women without anti-hypertensive medication were investigated at a Primary Health Care Centre in Enköping, Sweden. Fasting plasma insulin, office blood pressure and heart rate were measured as well ...
Bourget P - - 1995
Prazosin (PRZ) in conventional tablet form (P-CT) has the disadvantages of a relatively short terminal half-life, a slight solubility in water and the well-recognized adverse effect of symptomatic orthostatic hypotension. The pharmacokinetic study of a new rate-controlled formulation of prazosin (Prazosin-Gastrointestinal System: P-GS) was performed in 9 pregnant women during ...
Petraglia F - - 1995
Human placenta is the major source of activin A in maternal circulation. The aim of the present study was to evaluate maternal activin A serum concentration in pregnant women with chronic hypertension (n = 14), pregnancy-induced hypertension (n = 10) or pre-eclampsia (n = 16). In the group of pregnant ...
Fuchs N - - 1995
To obtain an overview of the effect of monophasic gestodene on blood pressure and to determine the frequency of "OC elevated BP/hypertension," the results of blood pressure monitoring from four clinical studies of contraceptive efficacy and safety have been retrospectively analyzed. A total of 1930 women took part in the ...
Karande V C - - 1995
DESIGN: To determine whether the diagnostic accuracy and prognostic value of hysterosalpingography (HSG) could be improved if routine spot films were replaced by an on-line recorded gynecoradiologic study. SETTING: Medical school-affiliated private infertility center. PATIENTS: In 1992, a review of 152 infertile women with infertility who demonstrated a normal HSG, ...
Sharp P S - - 1995
The prevalence of hypertension is particularly high in people of black African descent throughout the world, and the consequences of hypertension, such as hypertensive heart and renal disease and stroke, are also more common. But there is little consensus on whether hypertensive retinopathy follows a similar pattern. We determined the ...
Mayer D C - - 1995
Untreated hyperthyroidism during pregnancy is associated with increased maternal and perinatal morbidity. Some features of this disease simulate preeclampsia, which may encourage delivery of the fetus. We report a case of poorly controlled hyperthyroidism associated with generalized seizures, where patient management was directed at a diagnosis of preeclampsia-eclampsia. Although the ...
August P - - 1995
We gave captopril (25 mg) to nine pregnant and eight non-pregnant women. From baseline to 60 min post-captopril, mean arterial pressure decreased significantly more in pregnant than in non-pregnant women (mean 15.0 [SE 2.5] vs 5.2 [1.2] mm Hg; difference 9.8 [95% CI 3.9-15.9] mm Hg, p = 0.0036), whereas ...
Light K C - - 1995
Work-related stress has been associated with an increased risk of hypertension and more severe cardiovascular problems in white men but has been less studied in women and black men. To determine whether the trait of high-effort coping (John Henryism) was related to higher blood pressure during work and laboratory challenges, ...
Lip G - - 1995
Despite the benefits of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in relieving menopausal symptoms, there continues to be anxiety about its use in women who also have hypertension. To examine clinical practice in relation to HRT, especially in patients with hypertension, and to canvass opinions on potential or perceived side-effects, the authors ...
Narkiewicz K - - 1995
The aim of the present study was to compare the ambulatory blood pressure levels in mild (stage 1) hypertensive women using oral contraceptives and respective values in nonusers of oral contraceptives with similar office blood pressure. The study group consisted of 24 mild hypertensive patients taking low dosage estrogen-progestogen oral ...
Blumenthal J A - - 1995
The effects of job strain, occupational status, and marital status on blood pressure were evaluated in 99 men and women with mild hypertension. Blood pressure was measured during daily life at home and at work over 15 h of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. On a separate day, blood pressure was ...
Vasan R S - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Previous studies that evaluated the determinants of aortic root size have not yielded uniform results. We examined the relations of age, height, weight, body surface area, sex, and blood pressure to echocardiographically determined aortic root size in a population-based cohort. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study sample consisted of 1849 ...
Gilmore C - - 1995
A total of 1070 men and women aged 65 years and over living in the community in Liverpool were interviewed using the Geriatric Mental State. Diagnoses of depression at case and subcase level were made using the GMS-AGECAT package from an initial interview and at follow-up three years later. Data ...
Stone P - - 1995
This is the first report of the largest study of blood pressure measurement in pregnancy in a New Zealand population using standardized definitions and methodology. Over 3,800 women who delivered in an 8-month period in the Wellington region were included in the study. Blood pressure measurement and the presence of ...
Lavoisier P - - 1995
The vascular responses of clitoral arteries to vaginal pressure stimulation in 10 volunteer women were evaluated by Doppler ultrasonography. Pressure stimulations (20-160 mm Hg) along the lower third of the vagina increased blood velocity and flow into clitoral arteries in 9 of the 10 women. The latency and duration of ...
Staessen J - - 1995
The possible influence of low-level lead exposure on public health remains a matter of concern. The purpose of this article was to review the evidence that renal function and blood pressure may be affected at exposure levels encountered in the Belgian population. Moreover a meta-analysis explored whether the available studies ...
Trevisan M - - 1995
The relations of red blood cell sodium (RBC Na) and potassium (RBC K) concentrations to blood pressure and prevalence of hypertension were assessed for 1805 men and women, aged 25 to 74 years, who participated in the baseline examination of the Gubbio Population Study in north central Italy. In men, ...
Shore A C - - 1995
The influence of gender, local temperature, and systemic blood pressure on human capillary pressure is unknown. Finger nail fold capillary pressure was therefore directly measured in 74 healthy supine volunteers (40 female) at midaxillary level. Capillary pressure was lower in women than in men (15.9 +/- 3.0 vs. 18.2 +/- ...
Wijnen J A - - 1995
Considerable interindividual variation in the response of blood pressure to exercise has been found. Factors independently contributing to this variation are insufficiently evaluated. This is especially true for women and older age groups. Reference values of progressive maximal exercise testing in middle-aged, active subjects, especially in women, are scarce. In ...
Donner-Banzhoff N - - 1994
In general practice many diagnostic labels are used that are related to cultural background rather than a scientific basis. To estimate the use of diagnoses like 'hypotension' and depression, a cross-sectional survey in German and British GPs' surgeries was performed. Prevalence of related symptoms, sociodemographic and medical data were recorded ...
Grunewald C - - 1994
The Doppler flow velocity pulsatility index (PI) of the uteroplacental vascular bed is of debatable value for the interpretation of hemodynamic changes, when these are due both to pathological alterations in the vasculature, as in mild pre-eclampsia, and to physiological adjustments to vasoactive substances. The aim of this study was ...
Giles W H - - 1994
The prevalence of hypertension in rural African communities has been reported previously to be relatively low, with prevalence rates ranging between 2.5% and 10.9%. The authors obtained blood pressure recordings in 3,588 adult residents (age > 20 years) of the Liberian Agricultural Company rubber plantation, located in rural Liberia, West ...
Eneroth-Grimfors E - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia is regarded as a primary placental disorder, in which defect placentation causes endothelial and cardiovascular disturbances. Evidence of disturbed neural cardiovascular control in this condition has been suggested, as well as in other hypertensive diseases. The purpose of the present study was to non-invasively evaluate the sympathovagal balance ...
Kilgour R D - - 1994
To test the hypothesis that changes in systemic vascular resistance (SVR) contribute to the differences in arterial blood pressure responses between men and women to local cold pressor tests, nine normotensive men (25.9 +/- 5.9 years old) and women (24.4 +/- 5.9 years old) performed the cold hand pressor test ...
Bortolotto L A - - 1994
Malignant hypertension is a rare consequence of contraceptive use. We report here on two young women with malignant hypertension secondary to contraceptive use whose main symptomatology was neurological. Both patients had renal failure, severe left ventricle hypertrophy, and hemorrhagic stroke, all reversible after control of blood pressure and discontinuation of ...
Brown M A - - 1994
OBJECTIVES: Our goals were to determine (1) whether Korotkoff phase IV or V sound was a more accurate measure of diastolic blood pressure in pregnancy and (2) interobserver variability of mercury sphygmomanometry of pregnant women. STUDY DESIGN: Direct (intraarterial) and indirect (mercury sphygmomanometry) blood pressures were compared in 28 pregnant ...
Shen Q - - 1994
The effects of low-estrogen and progestogen-only contraceptives on blood pressure changes were investigated on 238 women taking 35 micrograms EE OC, 267 using Norplant implants and 259 adopting IUD. The mean increases in diastolic pressure at 12, 24, 36 and 48 weeks among pill users were significantly (p < 0.05) ...
Ferrazzani S - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to determine whether the duration of hypertension in the puerperium of preeclamptic women was related to certain clinical features of disease severity. STUDY DESIGN: We studied 269 singleton pregnancies divided into two groups: 159 with gestational hypertension and 110 with preeclampsia. The normalization ...
van Leer E M - - 1994
Levels and trends in blood pressure (BP), as well as prevalence and treatment of hypertension, were studied in The Netherlands between 1987 and 1991. BP was measured continuously using a standardized method in 36,273 men and women 20-59 years of age. The data were weighted for the age distribution of ...
Perry I J - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Redman and Jefferies have proposed a revised definition of pre-eclampsia which is based on absolute blood pressure levels and an increment from the baseline in the first half of pregnancy. There is no requirement for proteinuria. This definition should facilitate the distinction between nonproteinuric pre-eclampsia and other causes of ...
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