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Carels R A - - 2000
In this investigation, the relationship between marital distress and blood pressure during daily life in a sample of married employed women was examined. It was hypothesized that greater marital distress would be associated with elevated blood pressure in the home environment, but not in the workplace. Participants were 50 married ...
Manhem K - - 2000
In the present study the acute anti-ischemic effect of clinically relevant doses of transdermal estradiol during concurrent antianginal therapy was investigated in 14 postmenopausal women with stable coronary artery disease. Plasma estradiol was significantly increased, but no significant effects on time to angina, time to 1 mm S--T depression, total ...
Piferi R L - - 2000
In order to explore the association between hostility and women's health, this study examined the relationship of hostility to cardiovascular reactivity during stressful, interpersonal confrontations. Prior to the task, each participant's level of hostility, methods of coping with stress, and perceived social support were evaluated. Blood pressure and heart rate ...
Tracy R E - - 2000
Arterial intimal fibroplasia in renal interlobular arteries but not arteriolar hyalinization was reported to be proportional to the rise of blood pressure with age in the data from all populations examined so far. New findings from Japan offer further insights into the disparities between the two types of renovasculopathy, both ...
Luzier A B - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there are gender-specific differences in the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of metoprolol enantiomers. METHODS: Twenty normal volunteers (10 men and 10 women) received 100 mg oral metoprolol tartrate twice daily for a total of nine doses. Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics were studied after the last dose. Subjects also ...
Rothenberg S J - - 1999
In many studies in which the relationship between blood pressure and blood lead level has been examined, investigators have found significant--but small--associations. There was only one previous report of a significant association of blood lead with blood pressure in pregnant women. We measured blood lead level and sitting blood pressure ...
Hermida R C - - 1999
This study extends previous results on the effects of low-dose aspirin on blood pressure in pregnant women at differing risk of developing hypertension in pregnancy and who received aspirin at different times according to their rest-activity cycle. A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in 240 pregnant women randomly assigned ...
Barden A E - - 1999
This study aimed to identify if the clinical features of proteinuric pre-eclampsia or the biochemical markers of endothelial dysfunction associated with this syndrome are altered according to parity in a direction that would suggest a different pathophysiology. Groups of 27 primigravid and 35 multigravid women with pre-eclampsia (defined as blood ...
Daniels A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Social support, by moderating cardiovascular reactivity, has been demonstrated to attenuate the effects of stress on blood pressure in American communities. This is the first report to examine the relationship between social support and blood pressure in a South African context, during a period of infrastructure modernisation and political ...
Amant F - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and side effects of misoprostol, compared with methylergometrine, for the prevention of postpartum haemorrhage. DESIGN: A double-blind, randomised clinical trial of 200 women with apparently normal pregnancies. SETTING: University teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred women with apparently normal pregnancies. METHODS: After the baby had been ...
Cappuccio F P - - 1999
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure is associated with abnormalities in calcium metabolism. Sustained calcium loss may lead to increased bone-mineral loss in people with high blood pressure. We investigated the prospective association between blood pressure and bone-mineral loss over time in elderly white women. METHODS: We studied 3676 women who were ...
Mabie W C - - 1999
We still do not have an ideal drug to treat acute severe hypertension in pregnancy. Hydralazine and labetalol are the safest agents, but they are inadequate to control blood pressure in some women. Both hypertensive encephalopathy and eclampsia now appear to be forms of an acute process known as reversible ...
Fisman E Z - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Limited information is available on the effects of transdermal estradiol on diastole. The present study was a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial designed to investigate the short-term effects of transdermal estradiol on left ventricular diastolic function in postmenopausal women. METHODS: The study included 45 women aged 50.8 +/- 3.6 years ...
Barden A E - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify those factors in the non-pregnant state that distinguished women who developed pre-eclampsia from those who had normotensive pregnancies. DESIGN AND SETTING: This was a retrospective analysis of anthropometry, blood pressure, biochemical and haematological variables in 62 women with pre-eclampsia and 84 normotensive pregnant women ...
Nelson T L - - 1999
BACKGROUND: As people age, fat becomes preferentially deposited in the abdominal region over the periphery, and such changes are thought to be associated with adverse metabolic outcomes. We were interested in whether body mass index (BMI) and waist-hip ratio (WHR) are differentially associated with fasting insulin levels, triglycerides, and blood ...
Stevenson D R - - 1999
Studies in traditional, nonindustrialized countries have shown that blood pressure need not increase with age in adulthood, although incremental age-related increases in blood pressure throughout adulthood are common in industrialized countries. This observation has influenced a statement by the 1997 Sixth Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, ...
Anderson D E - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have shown that high resting end tidal CO2 (PECO2) is a marker for blood pressure sensitivity to high sodium intake by normotensive humans. The present study investigated the association of resting PECO2 with resting blood pressure in participants in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study on Aging (BLSA). DESIGN: ...
Belfort M A MA Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City 84132, - - 1999
The hypothesis was that low cerebral perfusion pressure is more common in women with mild preeclampsia as compared to those with severe preeclampsia, while high cerebral perfusion pressure is more common in women with severe preeclampsia than in women with mild preeclampsia. Prospective, observational study. University teaching hospitals. Transcranial Doppler ...
Kelley G A - - 1999
The purpose of this study was to use the meta-analytic approach to examine the effects of aerobic exercise on resting systolic and diastolic blood pressure in women. Twenty-one studies representing 1029 subjects (663 exercise, 366 controls) and 54 primary outcomes (28 systolic, 26 diastolic) met the criteria for inclusion. Across ...
Facchinetti F - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the biochemical and cardiovascular effects of L-arginine administration in normotensive pregnant women and women with preeclampsia. METHODS: The study groups consisted of 12 women with uncomplicated pregnancies and 17 preeclamptic patients, four of whom were on antihypertensive treatment. In both groups, saline infusion was started, followed ...
Washburn R A - - 1999
We assessed the validity of the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) in a sample of sedentary adults (56 men, 134 women, mean age +/- [SD] 66.5+/-5.3 years) who volunteered to participate in a randomized controlled trial on the effect of aerobic conditioning on psychological function. Construct validity was ...
Willekes C - - 1999
In several studies, artery wall properties have been shown to differ between men and women. It has been hypothesized that these differences may result from hormonal influences but, in a previous study, we were unable to detect any influence of the menstrual cycle on artery wall properties. Therefore, we investigated ...
Thakur K - - 1999
Health awareness is a central issue in the control of hypertension. In a cross-sectional survey among 1727 women of > 30 years, 2 blood pressure recordings were done in 1686 cases. The prevalence of hypertension was found to be 13.1% (221 out of 1686 cases). A random sub sample of ...
Hermida R C - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The development of automatic instrumentation for ambulatory blood pressure monitoring makes it possible to follow the time-course of blood pressure variation over 24h or more in large groups of individuals. Whenever samples from a reference group of individuals are available, one may construct a prediction interval that is expected ...
Arangino S - - 1999
In this study it was investigated whether the oral administration of melatonin (1 mg) in comparison to placebo was able to reduce blood pressure, vascular reactivity, and catecholamines in men, as previously reported in young women. The administration of melatonin significantly reduced blood pressure, the pulsatility index in the internal ...
Cagnacci A - - 1999
The effect of a 2-mo treatment with transdermal estradiol (50 microgram/day) versus placebo on 24 h of blood pressure rhythm was investigated in 18 normotensive healthy postmenopausal women. Whereas daytime blood pressure was not modified, nighttime blood pressure was reduced by estradiol. Estradiol magnified the nocturnal decrement of systolic (14.3 ...
He S - - 1999
To determine whether perturbations of haemostatic function and lipoprotein metabolism prevail long after preeclampsia and increase the risk of future coronary heart disease (CHD), we conducted a follow-up study in women with (cases, n = 25) or without (controls, n = 24) a history of preeclampsia. Blood samples were taken ...
Kroke A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: A possible association of glycemia with arterial hypertension has been suggested by the frequent co-occurrence of impaired glucose tolerance or Type 2 diabetes mellitus with arterial hypertension. The objective was to examine the relationship of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) concentration with arterial hypertension status in non-diabetic subjects. METHODS: A cross-sectional ...
Hite R C - - 1999
The aim of this observational trial was to obtain clinical data from a large cohort of women using the new low-dose contraceptive (Miranova) and therefore to eliminate the restrictions which are normally present in clinical studies. Data were gathered in a clinical practice setting regarding cycle control and tolerance from ...
Shennan A H - - 1999
The measurement of blood pressure is an integral part of antenatal care. Mercury sphygmomanometry is the gold standard for the determination of indirect blood pressure and has been used in pregnancy from the time blood pressure was first associated with adverse obstetric outcome. However, there is good evidence that current ...
Oba K - - 1999
To examine the relationship between the concentrations of urinary NAG and age, we measured ratios of urinary N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (NAG) to urinary creatinine (NAG index) in 137 healthy subjects, aged from 19 to 88 years. The study is also designed to evaluate the relationship between urinary NAG and blood pressure. The ...
Duggan P M - - 1999
A premeasurement period of 5 minutes quiet resting is recommended prior to measuring blood pressure. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of this period of rest on the level of blood pressure in pregnant women. One hundred pregnant women had their blood pressure measured on a ...
Sheehan T J - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To show how structural equation models might be used to better understand the ways in which risk factors influence blood pressure. METHODS: Nine measurements on 2009 women and 1518 men for whom there was complete data both at time 1 and at time 8 of the Framingham Heart Study ...
Ortega R M - - 1999
Calcium intake during the third trimester of pregnancy was determined in 82 pregnant women by recording the consumption of foods over a 5-day period and by calculation of the quantity of this element provided by dietary supplements. For each subject, blood pressures were measured once per week using an aneroid ...
Hofsten A - - 1999
This population-based study presents the blood pressure and heart rate responses to sudden changes in body position in representative groups of men aged 30 (n = 50), 50 (n = 44) and 60 (n = 69) years, using an unbiased method for non-invasive blood pressure measurements. Blood pressure and heart ...
Nyklícek I - - 1999
The association between elevated blood pressure and low rates of self-reported problems has been hypothesized to be mediated by defensiveness. In a population screening study in which 1,120 women and 903 men between 20 and 55 years of age participated, multiple resting home blood pressure measurements were performed and questionnaires ...
Paterniti S - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether anxiety and depression were independently associated with elevated blood pressure in elderly persons. METHOD: The study group consisted of 1389 subjects aged 59 to 71 years recruited from the electoral rolls of the city of Nantes (France). Subjects completed the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression scale ...
Matkin C C - - 1999
This paper examines the relationship between smoking levels and blood pressure patterns of normotensive pregnant women in a prospective cohort of 2193 primiparous and 3176 multiparous, normotensive, Caucasian women selected from the Child Health and Development Studies in Oakland, California, 1959-67. Regression lines were fitted to each woman's blood pressure; ...
Timio M - - 1999
The powerful effect of psychosocial and acculturating influences on population blood pressure trends seems to be confirmed, through longitudinal observations, in the nuns in a secluded order. After initial observations had been made on culture, body form, blood pressure, diet, and other variables in 144 nuns and 138 lay women, ...
- - 1999
AIM: To define the normal range of systolic blood pressure in a non-selective population based sample of babies of low gestation throughout early infancy. METHODS: Daily measurements of systolic blood pressure were made in all the babies of less than 32 weeks gestation born in the North of England in ...
Cordeiro R - - 1999
Diastolic blood pressure was viewed as a generic indicator of aging, and its association with cumulative work time was studied after controlling for age as a potential confounding factor. The study was conducted among production line workers at a Brazilian tannery in July 1993. The association between diastolic blood pressure ...
Bodey A R - - 1998
Blood pressure was measured indirectly in 203 cats using an oscillometric technique in conjunction with a tail cuff. Systolic blood pressure was found to be log normally distributed across the population, while diastolic pressure was log log normally distributed. Blood pressure was found to rise with age (systolic, diastolic, mean ...
Calhoun DA - - 1998
There is a sexual dimorphism in blood pressure: men tend to have higher blood pressures than women with functional ovaries, whereas ovariectomy or menopause tends to abolish the sexual dimorphism and cause women to develop a "male" pattern of blood pressure. Synthetic estrogens and progestins, found in oral contraceptives, tend ...
Schillaci G - - 1998
The mechanisms underlying the increased cardiovascular risk after menopause are incompletely known. To investigate whether menopause may induce left ventricular structural and functional adaptations in normotensive and hypertensive women, we compared in a case-control setting (1) 76 untreated hypertensive premenopausal women with 76 postmenopausal women and (2) 30 normotensive premenopausal ...
Laflamme N - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: The association between job strain and ambulatory blood pressure was studied among female white-collar workers. METHODS: This cross-sectional investigation studied 210 women in high- or low-strain jobs randomly selected from 3183 women of all ages, employed as white-collar workers. The women wore an ambulatory blood pressure monitor for 24 ...
Ascarelli M H - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety of treating pre-eclampsia with magnesium sulfate, with clinical determinants used for drug discontinuation. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred sixty-eight patients were enrolled. After delivery, women with mild pre-eclampsia received a minimum of 6 hours of intravenous magnesium sulfate, whereas women ...
Lamey P J - - 1998
Four patients, three women and one man, with a mean age of 32 years, presented with a history of recurrent parotid swelling. In the women the swelling was unilateral. All had previously undergone sialography using a hand injection technique and no structural abnormality was demonstrated. Sialography was repeated using a ...
van Ittersum F J - - 1998
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT, estrogen plus progestagen) in postmenopausal women has beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system. However, effects on blood pressure, determined with office measurements, remain controversial. We studied the effects of HRT in 29 healthy normotensive postmenopausal women (mean age 52.3 [3.8] years, median duration of amenorrhea 34.5 ...
Brown M A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: There is debate about whether diastolic blood pressure should be recorded as the fourth (muffling, K4) or fifth (disappearance, K5) Korotkoff sound in pregnancy. We compared maternal and fetal outcomes and the likelihood that episodes of severe hypertension would be recorded when hypertensive pregnancies were managed according to either ...
Koenen S V - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether measured differences between standard mercury sphygmomanometry and the SpaceLabs 90207 ambulatory blood pressure monitor in pregnant women remain constant during 24 h measurements. STUDY DESIGN: Repeated comparisons between standard mercury sphygmomanometry and Spacelabs 90207 were performed at nine predetermined time points during 24 h ambulatory blood ...
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