Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 657
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Huang Yung-Kai - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cumulative arsenic exposure (CAE) from drinking water has been shown to be associated with hypertension in a dose-response pattern. This study further explored the association between arsenic methylation capability and hypertension risk among residents of arseniasis-hyperendemic areas in Taiwan considering the effect of CAE and other potential confounders. METHOD: ...
Beune E J A J - - 2006
The aim of this study was to explore and compare explanatory models (EMs) of hypertension in native-Dutch, first-generation Ghanaian and African-Surinamese (Surinamese) hypertensives in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Through semi-structured interviews, we elicited accounts of the nature, causes and consequences of hypertension in a purposive sample of 46 patients (aged 35-65 ...
Turner Martin J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the contribution of inadequate sphygmomanometer calibration to over- and under-detection of hypertension. DESIGN: Monte Carlo simulation of the measurement of blood pressure (BP) of a population with calibrated and uncalibrated sphygmomanometers. Simulated BP measurements included systematic sphygmomanometer error and random variability. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The percentage of ...
Younger Jarred W - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to assess the role of endogenous opioids in the relationship of hypertension to repressive coping. METHODS: Ten hypertensive and 8 normotensive males were given either the opioid antagonist naltrexone or placebo in a randomized, double-blind fashion over the course of four laboratory sessions. Measures ...
Adedoyin O T - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Childhood hypertension is less common and not readily recognised compared to adult hypertension. It is being missed because of lack of routine blood pressure measurements in some health facilities in the developing countries. This setback is likely to affect the knowledge, attitude and perception of parents and caregivers to ...
Suteewan Hotakasapkul
Thesis (M.Sc. in Pharm)--Chulalongkorn University, 2002
Stewart John H - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Despite improved treatment of hypertension and decreasing rates of stroke and coronary heart disease, the reported incidence of hypertensive end-stage renal disease (ESRD) increased during the 1990s. However, bias, particularly from variations in acceptance into ESRD treatment (ascertainment) and diagnosis (classification), has been a major source of error when ...
Iguchi Y - - 2006
To determine whether there is a seasonal variation in the onset of acute, massive submacular haemorrhage associated with age-related macular degeneration. Sixty eyes of 59 patients diagnosed between April 1998 and March 2005, were studied retrospectively. For each patient, the month and season of onset of the submacular haemorrhage and ...
de Moraes Marchiori Luciana Lozza - - 2006
AIM: To identify likely association between blood hypertension and hearing loss. Design: A non-paired case-control study. Setting: Institutional work carried out at Universidade Norte do Paraná, in South Brazil. MATERIAL AND METHOD: 154 cases and 154 controls, both genders, aged 45 to 64, included in the research after sample estimation. ...
Mohammadi Eesa - - 2006
One of the shared common goals of World Hypertension League (WHL) and World Health Organization (WHO) is the control of hypertension. Despite many local and international interventions, the goal has not been achieved. This study evaluated an intervention based on the partnership care model to control hypertension in a rural ...
Ike So - - 2006
Summary The prevalence of hypertension ranges between 10 to 20% in Nigeria. Studies elsewhere have revealed left ventricular diastolic dysfunction to be highly prevalent in hypertension. To evaluate the prevalence of diastolic dysfunction in adult hypertensive Nigerians. One hundred and five (105) hypertensive patients, with ages ranging from 18 to ...
Sontia Bruno - - 2007
Magnesium affects blood pressure by modulating vascular tone and reactivity. It acts as a calcium channel antagonist, it stimulates production of vasodilator prostacyclins and nitric oxide and it alters vascular responses to vasoactive agonists. Magnesium deficiency has been implicated in the pathogenesis of hypertension with epidemiological and experimental studies demonstrating ...
McKay D W - - 2006
A patient has masked hypertension when his office blood pressure is less than 140/90 mmHg but his ambulatory or home blood pressure readings are in the hypertensive range. Several recent studies have demonstrated that cardiovascular risk is similar between those with masked hypertension and those with sustained hypertension. The prevalence ...
Chockalingam Arun - - 2006
The World Health Report 2002 identified hypertension, or high blood pressure, as the third ranked factor for disability-adjusted life years. Hypertension is one of the primary risk factors for heart disease and stroke, the leading causes of death worldwide. Recent analyses have shown that as of the year 2000, there ...
McAlister F A - - 2006
While almost two-thirds of all strokes and one-half of all myocardial infarctions could be prevented if hypertensive individuals had their blood pressures optimally controlled, only a minority of hypertensive individuals (even in publicly funded health care systems with subsidization of medication costs) achieve target blood pressures. Traditional hypertension guidelines have ...
Okosieme O E - - 2006
We describe a 55 year-old woman with longstanding hypertension who developed hypokalaemia following diuretic treatment. Investigations revealed primary hyperaldosteronism due to an adrenal adenoma, and normal blood pressure was restored after surgical removal of the tumour. Primary hyperaldosteronism is a potentially curable cause of hypertension and should be considered in ...
Mahaka H T - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine hypertensive self-care knowledge possessed by outpatient pregnant hypertensive women and to establish the relationship between their knowledge and their hypertension control. DESIGN: Descriptive correlational study. SETTING: A Harare antenatal clinic, a national reference centre, Harare, Zimbabwe. SUBJECTS: Mild hypertensive pregnant women, not on antihypertensive drugs, attending the ...
Derosa Giuseppe - - 2006
There are conflicting data in the literature regarding the expression pattern of the vascular matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) system and their inhibitors (TIMPs) in human hypertension. The authors hypothesized that MMP-2, MMP-9, and TIMP-1 would be abnormal in hypertension, reflecting alterations in extracellular matrix (ECM) turnover. The authors measured plasma levels ...
Moawad Fouad J - - 2006
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES), also known as reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome (RPLS), is most often associated with hypertensive emergencies and is characterized by seizures, mental status changes and visual disturbances. We report a case of a previously healthy young man who developed multiorgan failure and transient cortical blindness following ...
Chen Joline - - 2006
There is no widely accepted definition of intradialytic hypertension. Arbitrary clinical definitions have included an increase in blood pressure during or immediately after hemodialysis, a rise in blood pressure during the second or third hour of dialysis, and an increase in blood pressure that is resistant to ultrafiltration. To date, ...
Taylor Stephanie D - - 2006
We apply a new methodology to investigate goal setting by hypertensive patients that uncovers the reasons why people have a goal to manage hypertension or not (e.g. to reduce/maintain one's current blood pressure). The reasons are found to consist of superordinate goals in support of one's focal hypertension goal and ...
Muñoz Silvia - - 2006
Malignant hypertension may be the first manifestation of systemic hypertension. We report a clinical case of a Caucasian 41-year-old man with no previous history of blood hypertension seen at casualty because of blurred vision. Fundus examination disclosed optic disk swelling, retinal hemorrhages and infarcts. The blood pressure was 220/130 mmHg. ...
Hajjar Ihab - - 2006
Hypertension is the leading cause of cardiovascular disease worldwide. Prior to 1990, population data suggest that hypertension prevalence was decreasing; however, recent data suggest that it is again on the rise. In 1999-2002, 28.6% of the U.S. population had hypertension. Hypertension prevalence has also been increasing in other countries, and ...
Kwon Jin-Sook - - 2006
Compared to chronic hypertension, little is known about the pathophysiology of acute hypertension and its recovery. To characterize this, we investigated the functional and structural properties of the common carotid arteries (CCA) from 35 rats. We established a unilateral and reversible carotid arterial hypertension model using the partial transverse aortic ...
Fang Xiang - - 2006
Epoxide hydrolases are a group of enzymes that convert the epoxide group of chemical compounds to corresponding diols by the addition of water. Soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH, formerly referred to as cytosolic epoxide hydrolase), which is widely distributed in mammalian tissues, is the primary enzyme responsible for the conversion of ...
Burket Brent A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of hypertension appears to be increasing in the developing world. A study published in 2003 showed a crude prevalence of 28.3% in the capital city of Accra, Ghana. The prevalence of hypertension in many rural areas of the developing world is not known. OBJECTIVES: 1) To survey ...
Cachat François - - 2006
Arterial hypertension has been reported as a complication of surgical closure of an abdominal wall defect. No report studying the incidence, the characteristics and the clinical significance of hypertension after surgical correction of an omphalocele or gastroschisis has been published so far. The medical records of all newborns with surgically ...
Oishi Mitsuhiro - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: In this 1991-2001 cohort study of 6495 male workers in a Japanese steel company, we investigated whether shift work affects progression from mild hypertension to severe hypertension. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Participants had mild hypertension at entry into the study with systolic blood pressure of 140-159 mmHg ...
Shiozaki Tadahiko - - 2005
Systemic hypertension and tachycardia are often observed in the acute phase of traumatic brain injury. What causes systemic hypertension after head injury? Is systemic hypertension somehow beneficial to the injured brain? Are vasodilating drugs the first choice for treatment of systemic hypertension after traumatic brain injury? The occurrence of a ...
Grosso A - - 2005
Hypertension is associated with cardiovascular risk and systemic target organ damage. Retinopathy is considered one of the indicators of target organ damage. This review focuses on recent studies on hypertensive retinopathy and their implications for clinical care. Early recognition of hypertensive retinopathy signs remains an important step in the risk ...
Tubek Slawomir - - 2005
Clinical observations and experimental data show that zinc (Zn) plays a role in regulating arterial blood pressure and in arterial hypertension etiopathogenesis. To determine the direction of changes in Zn metabolism in primary arterial hypertension, Zn absorption from the alimentary tract, Zn levels in blood serum, its content in lymphocytes, ...
Ono Yoichi - - 2005
We report a case of hypertensive brainstem encephalopathy (HBE) with unusual magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings. A 67-year-old woman presented with high blood pressure and stupor as the only symptoms. MRI revealed lesions localized in the area from the upper medulla oblongata to the lower pons with high fluid-attenuated inversion ...
Yang Li E - - 2005
During acute hypertension, Na(+)/H(+) exchangers (NHE3) retract from top to base of proximal tubule microvilli (MV) and Na(+) reabsorption decreases in proximal tubule. This study aimed to determine whether the actin-based motor myosin VI coordinately retracts with NHE3 in response to acute hypertension. BP was raised approximately 50 mmHg in ...
Seefelder Christian - - 2005
Increased catecholamine secretion from neuroblastomas can occasionally be demonstrated, but severe hypertension is uncommon. We report the perioperative management of a 5 year old child with stage III adrenal neuroblastoma who presented with malignant hypertension and high norepinephrine and dopamine levels. Hypertensive crises occurred during anesthesia for surgical biopsy and ...
Scalco Andréia Zavaloni - - 2005
Despite the high prevalence of depression and hypertension, the relationship between the two diseases has received little attention. This paper reviews the epidemiological, pathophysiological, and prognostic aspects of this association, as well as its implications for treatment. A Medline search was conducted using the following key words: depression, blood pressure, ...
Petrella Robert J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The Canadian Heart Health Surveys were the last Canadian population-based physical measures surveys (conducted between 1988 and 1992) that determined that hypertension in Canada was poorly managed. Hypertension was undetected in almost one-half of all hypertensive Canadians surveyed, and only 13% of those with hypertension were treated and controlled ...
Watts Stephanie W - - 2005
Since its discovery by Erspamer in the 1930s and identification by Page in the 1950s, 5-HT (5-hydroxytryptamine; serotonin) has been an elusive candidate as a substance that plays a role in the disease of high blood pressure, also known as hypertension. In both animal and human hypertension, arterial contraction to ...
Andersen Martin J - - 2005
The kidneys are vital in the pathogenesis of hypertension and are also pathologically affected by the presence of hypertension. The prevalence of hypertension in chronic kidney disease (CKD) depends on age, the severity of renal failure, and proteinuria. The intricate and inextricable relationship between CKD and hypertension seems to cause ...
Campbell Norm R C - - 2005
The last Canadian survey that accurately assessed hypertension treatment and control is over 12 years old. The survey indicated that only 13% of adults with hypertension were treated and controlled. Statistics Canada has announced a new survey that will measure health risks in 2007-2008. A committee of hypertension and survey ...
Bwomda P P AZ-VUB, University of Brussels, Department of Internal Medicine, Laarbeeklaan 101, B-1090 Brussels, - - 2005
We report on an unusual case of a 28-year old African woman who developed glucocorticosteroid induced arterial hypertension after abusive use of a skin bleaching cream. Glucocorticosteroids exert their effect at many different sites involved in blood pressure regulation: in particular at the level of the kidney, blood vessels and ...
Wang Hai - - 2005
The excessive contraction of small arteries under high blood pressure is the main contributor to the pathological change of hypertension. Current anti-hypertensive drugs, which lack a selective effect on small arteries in a hypertensive state, may cause many adverse effects. We have developed a novel opener of ATP-sensitive potassium channels, ...
Patel Hiren P - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes recent insights into to the pathophysiology of hypertensive crisis with the emphasis on newly discovered molecular mechanisms underlying hypertension and also updates current therapeutic options for treating hypertensive crisis in children. RECENT FINDINGS: There is growing evidence that the renin-angiotensin system plays a key ...
Gold Stefan M - - 2005
Chronically elevated cortisol levels have been associated with elevated blood pressure, brain atrophy, and cognitive impairments. In this cross-sectional exploratory study, we assessed whether hypertension was related to hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis hyperactivity and whether this may in part explain prefrontal brain atrophy and cognitive impairments in this population. We studied 27 ...
Sun Zhong-jie - - 2005
Hypertension and related cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of death in many countries. The etiology of human essential hypertension is largely unknown. It is highly likely that hypertension is a complex and multifactorial disease resulting from the interaction of multiple genetic and environmental factors. Animal models of hypertension have ...
Farnham Scott B - - 2005
PURPOSE: We reviewed the association of hypertension with several common pediatric urological conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We comprehensively reviewed the published literature linking hypertension with urinary tract infection, renal scarring, vesicoureteral reflux, multicystic dysplastic kidney, ureteropelvic junction obstruction and posterior urethral valves. RESULTS: Hypertension is a recognized sequela of several ...
Baguet Jean-Philippe - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In newly diagnosed apnoeic patients without a history of hypertension, clinical hypertension is underdiagnosed in at least 40% of the cases. An increase in diastolic blood pressure is the most frequent pattern encountered. OBJECTIVE: To assess clinic and 24-h blood pressure, baroreflex sensitivity and left ventricular mass for identifying ...
Haas Donald C - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is associated with hypertension in the middle-aged. The association is less clear in older persons. Most middle-aged hypertensives have systolic/diastolic hypertension, whereas isolated systolic hypertension (ISH) is common among persons over 60 years. Mechanistically, only systolic/diastolic hypertension is expected to be associated with SDB, but few ...
Young J H - - 2005
Eastern Europe is experiencing an epidemic of cardiovascular disease far outpacing rates in Western Europe. This epidemic was heralded by a precipitous rise in hypertension prevalence. The former Soviet states of Central Asia may be facing a similar epidemic. In order to access this threat, we performed a retrospective analysis ...
Das Shyamal Kumar - - 2005
The prevalence pattern of hypertension in developing countries is different from that in the developed countries. In India, a very large, populous and typical developing country, community surveys have documented that between three and six decades, prevalence of hypertension has increased by about 30 times among urban dwellers and by ...
Li Jian-Jun - - 2005
Hypertension has been recognized as a multi-factorial trait resulting from the effect of a combination of environmental and genetic factors, including excess dietary salt or alcohol intake, stress, age, genetics and family history, obesity, physical inactivity, as well as high saturated fat diet. During the past few years, however, a ...
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