Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 657
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Young Tim M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Supine hypertension and post-prandial hypotension are associated with chronic autonomic failure, and may prove resistant to treatment. We determined if the hypotensive effects of food could be utilised to reduce supine hypertension in pure autonomic failure (PAF). METHODS: A subject with long-standing PAF, documented supine hypertension and post-prandial hypotension ...
Moro Jose A - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (SAHS) is an emerging disease with high prevalence. There is controversy as to whether cardiac abnormalities are due to the disease itself or to the arterial hypertension frequently associated with this disease. OBJECTIVES: To analyze echocardiographic abnormalities in a population of SAHS patients depending on the ...
Grotto Itamar - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The impact of socioeconomic status on hypertension is complicated and unclear. In this article, we review the findings of recently published studies pertaining to the association between socioeconomic status and hypertension. Specifically, we focus on several potentially modifiable modes of pathogenesis involved in this association, including education, ...
Adibelli Zelal - - 2009
We aimed to learn the frequency of lemon juice usage among the hypertensive patients in a local region of northern Turkey. One hundred fifty six (72.5%) of hypertensive patients were using alternative therapy and eighty six patients (40%) were drinking lemon juice. We think that to gain success in the ...
Tiwari Rajnarayan R - - 2008
A cross sectional study was carried out in 2005 to find out the magnitude of hypertension among 154 tribal labourers of Gujarat belonging to Naika, Rathwa and Damor tribes. WHO classification of hypertension was taken as operational criteria and data was collected in pre-designed, pretested schedule. Blood pressure measurement was ...
Foguet Quintí - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Scarce knowledge about hypertension confirmation and control after a single blood pressure (BP) measurement is available. The objective of this study was to evaluate hypertension confirmation and control rates after 6-year follow-up in a population-based cohort. METHODS: A cohort of 1748 participants representative of a Spanish population received standardized ...
Chockalingam Arun - - 2008
The World Health Organization attributes hypertension, or high blood pressure, as the leading cause of cardiovascular mortality. The World Hypertension League (WHL), an umbrella organization of 85 national hypertension societies and leagues, recognized that more than 50% of the hypertensive population worldwide are unaware of their condition. To address this ...
Agostoni Elio - - 2008
Although the possibility of a comorbidity between migraine and hypertension has long been suspected, the epidemiologic evidence is controversial, with studies demonstrating positive, negative or no correlation between the two diseases. A unifying view that takes into account the most recent evidence suggests that there might be a different effect ...
Hu Jihong - - 2008
Little is known about the natural progression and regression of blood pressure status, even though such knowledge would help determine the best intervention strategies. Our study aimed to explore natural changes in blood pressure status in a middle-aged Chinese population. A total of 6,129 Chinese men and women, aged 35 ...
Mijinyawa M S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hypertension has been reported among young people worldwide. It is known to track from youth to adulthood, which makes it a useful predictor of essential hypertension in adulthood. This study determined the prevalence of hypertension and associated cardiovascular risk factors among secondary school teenagers in Kano, Nigeria. METHODS: A ...
Kumar S - - 2008
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to find the prevalence and spectrum of hypertension in a rural area of Varanasi, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross sectional study carried on 3600 subjects > or = 30 years of age and residents of three villages around ...
Foronjy Robert F - - 2008
Hypertension induces dysfunctional matrix remodeling that results in the development of myocardial fibrosis. Myocardial fibrosis adversely affects compliance, electrical activity and cardiac function in patients with hypertensive heart disease. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a class of enzymes that regulate the remodeling of the matrix in response to pressure overload. Several ...
Lopez-Campistrous Ana A Department of Biochemistry, Institute for Biomolecular Design, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2008
The central nervous system plays a critical role in the normal control of arterial blood pressure and in its elevation in virtually all forms of hypertension. Mitochondrial dysfunction has been increasingly associated with the development of hypertension. Therefore, we examined whether mitochondrial dysfunction occurs in the brain in hypertension and ...
A.L. Latiffah
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hypertension and its associated risk factors among University Putra Malaysia (UPM) retirees in Klang Valley, Malaysia. This study was conducted among UPM retirees aged 50 years and above. Seventy-three respondents (males n = 62, females n = 11) were ...
Xiaohui Hou - - 2008
The objective of this study was to examine the urban-rural variations in the prevalence of overweight, hypertension, undiagnosed hypertension, and untreated hypertension among adults. The China Health and Nutrition Survey was used to study adults 25 to 65 years old. Logistic regression was used to obtain the odds ratios (ORs) ...
Sanne Shane - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine levels and correlates of hypertension knowledge. DESIGN: Cross-sectional telephone survey. SETTING: Urban, public hospital clinic. PARTICIPANTS: 296 adults with hypertension. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Hypertension knowledge was assessed through a 10-item test; respondents received one point for each correct answer. RESULTS: Eighty-nine percent of respondents were Black, 79% ...
Nazri S Mohd - - 2008
Shift work associated with various health problems and there is concern that shift workers are at higher risk to develop hypertension. A cross-sectional study was conducted from December 2003 to May 2004 to compare the prevalence of hypertension and to examine the relationship between shift work and hypertension among 148 ...
Lee EunMee - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We examine the prevalence, treatment, and control of hypertension, dyslipidemia, and concomitant hypertension and dyslipidemia among Hispanics in four US communities. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of Hispanics who participated in health screening programs from 2004 to 2006. We enrolled 5288 Hispanics in Miami (n=372), New York (n=254), ...
Scheffers Ingrid J M - - 2008
Resistant hypertension has a high prevalence and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. The Rheos Baroreflex Hypertension Therapy System is an implantable device that offers a completely new approach to treating patients with resistant hypertension by electrically activating the carotid baroreflex. Preliminary results from current feasibility clinical trials have ...
Chou Wen-Hai - - 2008
Hypertensive encephalopathy is a life-threatening condition due to elevation of cerebral perfusion pressure beyond the limits of autoregulation. Breakdown of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) leads to cerebral edema and reduced blood flow. In this issue of the JCI, Mochly-Rosen and colleagues demonstrate a novel molecular strategy for preserving the BBB ...
Middeke M - - 2008
The objective of the present study was to determine the prevalence of symptoms generally attributed to hypertension and the relationship between symptoms and blood pressure categories. Routine office blood pressure measurement in the morning was obtained and morning symptoms were reported using a standardized questionnaire in a multicenter study from ...
Addo Juliet - - 2007
Hypertension is an important public health challenge worldwide. Information on the burden of disease from hypertension is essential in developing effective prevention and control strategies. An up-to-date and comprehensive assessment of the evidence concerning hypertension in sub-Saharan Africa is lacking. A literature search of the PUBMED database was conducted and ...
González Arantxa - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the glycoprotein (gp130)-mediated survival pathway, which protects cardiomyocytes from apoptosis, is depressed in left ventricular hypertrophy hypertensive patients with chronic heart failure. METHODS: Transvenous endomyocardial biopsies were obtained in 52 hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy: 28 without heart failure and 24 with heart failure. gp130 ...
Hong Geun-Pyo - - 2008
In this study, response surface methodology (RSM) was used to evaluate the combined effects of NaCl, glucono-δ-lactone (GdL), and κ-carrageenan concentration (0.25%, 0.5%, and 0.75%) on the binding properties of restructured pork under hydrostatic pressure. All the generated RSM models showed no lack-of-fit and significance at the 0.001 level. The ...
Tanaka Kazunori - - 2007
We study theoretically heavy fermion superconductors CeMIn(5) (M = Co, Rh, Ir). CeCoIn(5) and CeIrIn(5) that become superconducting at ambient pressure with T(c) = 2.3 K and 0.4 K, respectively. On the other hand, CeRhIn(5) is an antiferromagnet at ambient pressure and becomes superconducting under pressures greater than 1.6 GPa. With regards to ...
Leibovitz Eyal - - 2007
Hypertensive patients are at increased risk for cardiovascular complications. Inhibition of different pathophysiological mechanisms involved in hypertension and hypertension-related target organ damage may revert or prevent the progression of the pathological changes observed and reduce the occurrence of cardiovascular events. One of the new targets that may prevent or regress ...
Akis Nalan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the hypertension prevalence and risk factors related to hypertension among schoolchildren aged 12-14 years in Bursa, Turkey. METHODS: We conducted this study at the Bursa Provincial Center between February and June 2006. Two thousand and four hundred seventy-eight schoolchildren were randomly selected. The evaluation of elevated blood ...
Vaidya A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Hypertension is an important public health challenge in the developing and the developed world alike. However, community-based studies on cardiovascular diseases including hypertension in a developing country like Nepal have been limited. The primary aim of this study is to measure the prevalence of hypertension in the Dharan town ...
Wiwanitkit Viroj - - 2007
Pollutants such as benzene are of particular concern since recent research has indicated that exposure to benzene can result in chronic toxicity. However, there are limited data on the effects of benzene exposure on blood pressure. To continue with a previous study, the aim was to determine the degree of ...
Green A L - - 2007
We report a 61-year-old hypertensive man who underwent deep brain stimulation of the periventricular/periaqueductal grey area for the relief of chronic neuropathic pain affecting his oral cavity and soft palate. During intraoperative stimulation, we were able to modulate his blood pressure up or down, depending on electrode location. This is ...
Beason-Held Lori L - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Changes in patterns of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) were assessed over a period of 6 years in 14 treated hypertensive participants (HTNs) and 14 age-matched healthy older participants (healthy controls [HCs]) in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging. METHODS: Resting-state PET scans collected at years 1, ...
Chockalingam Arun - - 2007
It is estimated that nearly one billion people are affected by hypertension worldwide, and this figure is predicted to increase to 1.5 billion by 2025. Nearly one-half of this population are unaware of their condition. Hypertension is the primary risk factor for heart disease and stroke. World Hypertension Day (WHD) ...
Wang Jingshu - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The use of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) has been associated with increased blood pressure and hypertension. However, less is known about how the risk of hypertension is associated with cyclooxygenase 2 selective inhibitors (coxibs), especially celecoxib, the only coxib remaining on the market. OBJECTIVE: To compare the risk of ...
Kakar Puneet - - 2007
The pathophysiology of essential hypertension and its complications has been a focus of much research and clinical interest. More recent attention has been directed towards inflammation and endothelial dysfunction, especially since inflammation can promote endothelial dysfunction and the latter has been intimately related to thrombogenesis and atherogenesis. Hypertension is also ...
Grosso Andrea - - 2007
Classic hypertensive retinopathy has been well known since the first categorization of retinal vascular changes with the ophthalmoscope made by Keith-Wagener and Barker. Clinicians were interested in using a noninvasive tool to show that severity of vascular hypertension was predictive of mortality. Recently, a microvascular etiology has been suggested to ...
Medina-Lezama Josefina - - 2007
Cardiovascular disease is emerging as a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Latin America. Population-based data regarding the prevalence of hypertension and hypertension subtypes in Andean Hispanic populations are scarce. The authors performed a population-based study that included 1878 Peruvian Andean adults to determine: (1) the prevalence, awareness, and ...
Albin Scott M - - 2007
The effect of a course of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) on blood pressure control in hypertensive patients has not been studied. We retrospectively examined pre- and post-ECT blood pressures in hypertensive and nonhypertensive patients. In neither group was there a statistically significant change in blood pressure with a course of ECT. ...
Emeka A. Nwankwo
This study sought to identify clinical parameters that may be risk factors for the development of chronic kidney disease in a population of hypertensive patients. This case control study examined non diabetic hypertensive patients with no identifiable cause of the hypertension. Two groups of hypertensive patients that were age and ...
Tubek SÅ‚awomir - - 2007
Increased gastrointestinal absorption and urinary excretion of zinc has been confirmed in experimental and clinical studies on primary arterial hypertension as a result from changes of intracellular and extracellular zinc content. In arterial hypertension, the levels of zinc in serum, lymphocyte, and bone decrease while increasing in heart, erythrocytes, kidney, ...
Opadijo O G - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of both systolic and diastolic hypertensions in relation to age and their impacts on target organ among adult Nigerians with hypertension. DESIGN: Observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Cardiovascular Clinic of the University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Nigeria, from July 2002 to June ...
Boreu Quintí Foguet - - 2007
The aim of this study was to determine the proportion of isolated clinical hypertension (ICH) in newly diagnosed hypertensive patients, and to compare the incidence of target organ damage (TOD) in ICH and sustained hypertension patients. Participants. In a multi-centre study involving 14 primary care centres in Girona, Spain, 140 ...
Eamranond Pracha P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Language barriers have been shown to negatively impact health care for immigrants. We evaluated the association between language use and the diagnosis of hypertension among elderly Mexican Americans. STUDY POPULATION: We studied subjects from the Hispanic Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly, a cohort of 3050 Mexican ...
Uchino Masafumi - - 2007
The cerebral hemispheres show prominent involvement in hypertensive encephalopathy far more frequently than the brainstem. Two patients with severe paroxysmally accelerated hypertension associated with brainstem hyperintensity in T2-weighted magnetic resonance images are presented. Both present hyperintense lesions improved dramatically in appearance after stabilization of blood pressure. Extreme acceleration of hypertension ...
Mitchell Brett M - - 2007
Hypertension affects approximately 25% of adults and is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Although there are currently adequate therapeutic options for humans with hypertension, the molecular mechanisms underlying hypertension are still relatively unknown. The generation of hypertensive animal models provides an excellent modality to not only study the ...
Schiffrin Ernesto L - - 2007
The different vascular phenotypes found in hypertension comprise different aspects. They may be clinical, diagnostic, structural, mechanical, functional, cellular and extracellular, signaling and molecular, proteomic, and gene expression phenotypes. In this manuscript the emphasis will be on the various structure, mechanics, dysfunction, and cell and signaling changes that can be ...
Chang Tuanjie - - 2006
Pathogenic mechanisms for essential hypertension are unclear despite striking efforts from numerous research teams over several decades. Increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) has been associated with the development of hypertension and the role of ROS in hypertension has been well documented in recent years. In this context, it ...
Ilyas Mohammad - - 2006
Prevalence of pediatric hypertension has increased with the onset of obesity epidemic. Early detection and treatment of childhood hypertension is important due to its link with atherosclerosis in adult life. Accurate measurement of blood pressure is the key for the management and physicians should make effort to rule out the ...
Capraz Mustafa - - 2007
The aims of this study are to investigate the frequency of garlic usage in hypertensive population and to evaluate acute effect of garlic and garlic tablets on blood pressure in patients with hypertension. 4102 of the 7703 patients (53.3%) reported that they were using garlic. No significant effect on blood ...
Garovic Vesna D - - 2006
Hypertension is an important public health problem affecting more than 50 million individuals in the US alone. The most common form, essential hypertension, results from the complex interplay between genetic predisposition and environmental influences. In contrast, monogenic (mendelian) forms of hypertension are caused by single gene mutations that are influenced ...
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