Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 673
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Díaz-Ruiz C - - 2009
Epidemiological evidence suggests that hypertension may accelerate the onset and progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this study, we explored the role of hypertension in the neurodegenerative changes associated with Abeta and tau aggregation. We induced hypertension in APP(swe) Tg2576 and P301L-tauTg mouse models. In Tg2576 mice, experimental hypertension was ...
Kusuma Yadlapalli S - - 2009
The developing countries are experiencing epidemiological transition and hypertension has emerged as a major threat to health in these countries. Understanding people's perceptions is important for any prevention and control activities and lay explanatory models (EMs) provide an opportunity to gain insights into the people's perceptions. This qualitative study is ...
Buck Anna C AC Georgetown University, Washington, DC, USA. - - 2009
Researchers have established the role of heredity and lifestyle in the occurrence of hypertension, but the potential role of psychosocial factors, especially religiosity, is less understood. This paper analyzes the relationship between multiple dimensions of religiosity and systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and hypertension using data taken from the ...
van de Louw J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Literature on the prevalence of hypertension in people with intellectual disability (ID) is mostly based on file studies or on measurements limited to the age group below 50 years. We measured and calculated the prevalence of hypertension in adults with ID and studied the distribution of hypertension in relation ...
Ince N - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Leather tanning may result in various occupational diseases. The aim of this study was to compare the relation between blood pressure levels and vocations in leather tanning. METHODS: Our study was conducted in Turkey's leading leather process plant located in Tuzla organised industry zone, between March 11 and May ...
Chan Ling-Ling - - 2008
The association between ventro-lateral medulla (VLM) compression and hypertension has not been compared between hemifacial spasm (HFS) and healthy controls using advanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques specific for detecting neurovascular compression. We conducted a MR-constructive interference in a steady state (CISS) and Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA) imaging study of ...
Nieves-Cintrón Madeline - - 2008
Many excitable cells express L-type Ca(2+) channels (LTCCs), which participate in physiological and pathophysiological processes ranging from memory, secretion, and contraction to epilepsy, heart failure, and hypertension. Clusters of LTCCs can operate in a PKCalpha-dependent, high open probability mode that generates sites of sustained Ca(2+) influx called "persistent Ca(2+) sparklets." ...
Lewis Vivian - - 2010
As part of an initiative to increase physician awareness about hypertension and cardiovascular disease (CVD); we studied the effects of a pilot intervention on the rates of referral for uncontrolled hypertension in an Ob-Gyn office. Physicians in an Ob-Gyn practice completed an educational session regarding hypertension and used a 1-page ...
Hannesdottir K - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Hypertension has been associated with impaired cognition. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and magnetic resonance spectroscopy were applied to assess white matter abnormalities in treated vs untreated hypertension and if these correlated with neuropsychological performance. METHODS: Subjects were 40 patients with medically treated hypertension (mean age 69.3 years), 10 patients ...
Bobrie Guillaume - - 2008
The purpose of this research was to review the literature on masked hypertension. Studies, reviews and editorials on masked hypertension were identified by PubMed, Pascal BioMed and Cochrane literature systematic searches. Then, we carried out a meta-analysis of the six cohort studies reporting quantitative data for masked hypertension prognosis. There ...
Vergara Cunegundo - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Puerto Ricans comprise one of the largest growing minority groups in the United States, yet data about hypertension in this population is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To review published literature concerning the epidemiology, morbidity, mortality, patient awareness, and treatment of hypertension in Puerto Ricans in the United States. LITERATURE REVIEW: The ...
Greathouse Mark M South Hills Cardiology Associates, 2000 Oxford Drive, Ste. 680, Bethel Park, Pittsburgh, PA 15102, USA. - - 2008
Contemporary practice guidelines for hypertension recommend a goal systolic/diastolic blood pressure (BP) of less than 140/90 mmHg for patients with hypertension and less than 130/80 mmHg for patients with diabetes mellitus or chronic kidney disease. Current guidelines recognize that most patients will require combination therapy to achieve these BP goals and recommend ...
Paul Biju - - 2008
1. Anaemia is an independent predictor of mortality in pro-atherosclerotic conditions with impaired endothelial function, such as diabetes and chronic kidney disease. However, the prevalence of anaemia in hypertension, a condition characterized by endothelial dysfunction, is unclear. 2. Haemoglobin concentration, renal function and echocardiographic parameters of 187 consecutive patients (M ...
Shintani Shuzo - - 2008
We report two cases of reversible brainstem hypertensive encephalopathy (RBHE) with unusual magnetic resonance (MR) findings. Patient 1, an 85-year-old man without a history of hypertension, developed acute severe hypertension and mild consciousness disturbance as the only symptoms. Patient 2, a 46-year-old man with an untreated hypertension, presented with extremely ...
Harris David M - - 2008
Hypertension is a prevalent condition in the developed world and disease severity is directly correlated with additional cardiovascular complications. It is estimated that 30% of the adult population in the United States has hypertension, which is classified as a systolic blood pressure > or =140 mmHg and/or a diastolic blood ...
Dong Guang-Hui - - 2008
Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular and renal diseases. In PR China, the prevalence of hypertension has substantially increased during the past four decades. Information on prevalence as well as awareness regarding treatment and prevention of hypertension is scarce particularly in rural settings. The objective of this study ...
Young Tim M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Supine hypertension and post-prandial hypotension are associated with chronic autonomic failure, and may prove resistant to treatment. We determined if the hypotensive effects of food could be utilised to reduce supine hypertension in pure autonomic failure (PAF). METHODS: A subject with long-standing PAF, documented supine hypertension and post-prandial hypotension ...
Moro Jose A - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (SAHS) is an emerging disease with high prevalence. There is controversy as to whether cardiac abnormalities are due to the disease itself or to the arterial hypertension frequently associated with this disease. OBJECTIVES: To analyze echocardiographic abnormalities in a population of SAHS patients depending on the ...
Grotto Itamar - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The impact of socioeconomic status on hypertension is complicated and unclear. In this article, we review the findings of recently published studies pertaining to the association between socioeconomic status and hypertension. Specifically, we focus on several potentially modifiable modes of pathogenesis involved in this association, including education, ...
Adibelli Zelal - - 2009
We aimed to learn the frequency of lemon juice usage among the hypertensive patients in a local region of northern Turkey. One hundred fifty six (72.5%) of hypertensive patients were using alternative therapy and eighty six patients (40%) were drinking lemon juice. We think that to gain success in the ...
Tiwari Rajnarayan R - - 2008
A cross sectional study was carried out in 2005 to find out the magnitude of hypertension among 154 tribal labourers of Gujarat belonging to Naika, Rathwa and Damor tribes. WHO classification of hypertension was taken as operational criteria and data was collected in pre-designed, pretested schedule. Blood pressure measurement was ...
Foguet Quintí - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Scarce knowledge about hypertension confirmation and control after a single blood pressure (BP) measurement is available. The objective of this study was to evaluate hypertension confirmation and control rates after 6-year follow-up in a population-based cohort. METHODS: A cohort of 1748 participants representative of a Spanish population received standardized ...
Chockalingam Arun - - 2008
The World Health Organization attributes hypertension, or high blood pressure, as the leading cause of cardiovascular mortality. The World Hypertension League (WHL), an umbrella organization of 85 national hypertension societies and leagues, recognized that more than 50% of the hypertensive population worldwide are unaware of their condition. To address this ...
Agostoni Elio - - 2008
Although the possibility of a comorbidity between migraine and hypertension has long been suspected, the epidemiologic evidence is controversial, with studies demonstrating positive, negative or no correlation between the two diseases. A unifying view that takes into account the most recent evidence suggests that there might be a different effect ...
Hu Jihong - - 2008
Little is known about the natural progression and regression of blood pressure status, even though such knowledge would help determine the best intervention strategies. Our study aimed to explore natural changes in blood pressure status in a middle-aged Chinese population. A total of 6,129 Chinese men and women, aged 35 ...
Mijinyawa M S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hypertension has been reported among young people worldwide. It is known to track from youth to adulthood, which makes it a useful predictor of essential hypertension in adulthood. This study determined the prevalence of hypertension and associated cardiovascular risk factors among secondary school teenagers in Kano, Nigeria. METHODS: A ...
Kumar S - - 2008
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to find the prevalence and spectrum of hypertension in a rural area of Varanasi, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross sectional study carried on 3600 subjects > or = 30 years of age and residents of three villages around ...
Foronjy Robert F - - 2008
Hypertension induces dysfunctional matrix remodeling that results in the development of myocardial fibrosis. Myocardial fibrosis adversely affects compliance, electrical activity and cardiac function in patients with hypertensive heart disease. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a class of enzymes that regulate the remodeling of the matrix in response to pressure overload. Several ...
Lopez-Campistrous Ana A Department of Biochemistry, Institute for Biomolecular Design, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2008
The central nervous system plays a critical role in the normal control of arterial blood pressure and in its elevation in virtually all forms of hypertension. Mitochondrial dysfunction has been increasingly associated with the development of hypertension. Therefore, we examined whether mitochondrial dysfunction occurs in the brain in hypertension and ...
A.L. Latiffah
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hypertension and its associated risk factors among University Putra Malaysia (UPM) retirees in Klang Valley, Malaysia. This study was conducted among UPM retirees aged 50 years and above. Seventy-three respondents (males n = 62, females n = 11) were ...
Xiaohui Hou - - 2008
The objective of this study was to examine the urban-rural variations in the prevalence of overweight, hypertension, undiagnosed hypertension, and untreated hypertension among adults. The China Health and Nutrition Survey was used to study adults 25 to 65 years old. Logistic regression was used to obtain the odds ratios (ORs) ...
Sanne Shane - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine levels and correlates of hypertension knowledge. DESIGN: Cross-sectional telephone survey. SETTING: Urban, public hospital clinic. PARTICIPANTS: 296 adults with hypertension. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Hypertension knowledge was assessed through a 10-item test; respondents received one point for each correct answer. RESULTS: Eighty-nine percent of respondents were Black, 79% ...
Nazri S Mohd - - 2008
Shift work associated with various health problems and there is concern that shift workers are at higher risk to develop hypertension. A cross-sectional study was conducted from December 2003 to May 2004 to compare the prevalence of hypertension and to examine the relationship between shift work and hypertension among 148 ...
Lee EunMee - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We examine the prevalence, treatment, and control of hypertension, dyslipidemia, and concomitant hypertension and dyslipidemia among Hispanics in four US communities. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of Hispanics who participated in health screening programs from 2004 to 2006. We enrolled 5288 Hispanics in Miami (n=372), New York (n=254), ...
Scheffers Ingrid J M - - 2008
Resistant hypertension has a high prevalence and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. The Rheos Baroreflex Hypertension Therapy System is an implantable device that offers a completely new approach to treating patients with resistant hypertension by electrically activating the carotid baroreflex. Preliminary results from current feasibility clinical trials have ...
Chou Wen-Hai - - 2008
Hypertensive encephalopathy is a life-threatening condition due to elevation of cerebral perfusion pressure beyond the limits of autoregulation. Breakdown of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) leads to cerebral edema and reduced blood flow. In this issue of the JCI, Mochly-Rosen and colleagues demonstrate a novel molecular strategy for preserving the BBB ...
Middeke M - - 2008
The objective of the present study was to determine the prevalence of symptoms generally attributed to hypertension and the relationship between symptoms and blood pressure categories. Routine office blood pressure measurement in the morning was obtained and morning symptoms were reported using a standardized questionnaire in a multicenter study from ...
Addo Juliet - - 2007
Hypertension is an important public health challenge worldwide. Information on the burden of disease from hypertension is essential in developing effective prevention and control strategies. An up-to-date and comprehensive assessment of the evidence concerning hypertension in sub-Saharan Africa is lacking. A literature search of the PUBMED database was conducted and ...
González Arantxa - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the glycoprotein (gp130)-mediated survival pathway, which protects cardiomyocytes from apoptosis, is depressed in left ventricular hypertrophy hypertensive patients with chronic heart failure. METHODS: Transvenous endomyocardial biopsies were obtained in 52 hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy: 28 without heart failure and 24 with heart failure. gp130 ...
Hong Geun-Pyo - - 2008
In this study, response surface methodology (RSM) was used to evaluate the combined effects of NaCl, glucono-δ-lactone (GdL), and κ-carrageenan concentration (0.25%, 0.5%, and 0.75%) on the binding properties of restructured pork under hydrostatic pressure. All the generated RSM models showed no lack-of-fit and significance at the 0.001 level. The ...
Tanaka Kazunori - - 2007
We study theoretically heavy fermion superconductors CeMIn(5) (M = Co, Rh, Ir). CeCoIn(5) and CeIrIn(5) that become superconducting at ambient pressure with T(c) = 2.3 K and 0.4 K, respectively. On the other hand, CeRhIn(5) is an antiferromagnet at ambient pressure and becomes superconducting under pressures greater than 1.6 GPa. With regards to ...
Leibovitz Eyal - - 2007
Hypertensive patients are at increased risk for cardiovascular complications. Inhibition of different pathophysiological mechanisms involved in hypertension and hypertension-related target organ damage may revert or prevent the progression of the pathological changes observed and reduce the occurrence of cardiovascular events. One of the new targets that may prevent or regress ...
Akis Nalan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the hypertension prevalence and risk factors related to hypertension among schoolchildren aged 12-14 years in Bursa, Turkey. METHODS: We conducted this study at the Bursa Provincial Center between February and June 2006. Two thousand and four hundred seventy-eight schoolchildren were randomly selected. The evaluation of elevated blood ...
Vaidya A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Hypertension is an important public health challenge in the developing and the developed world alike. However, community-based studies on cardiovascular diseases including hypertension in a developing country like Nepal have been limited. The primary aim of this study is to measure the prevalence of hypertension in the Dharan town ...
Wiwanitkit Viroj - - 2007
Pollutants such as benzene are of particular concern since recent research has indicated that exposure to benzene can result in chronic toxicity. However, there are limited data on the effects of benzene exposure on blood pressure. To continue with a previous study, the aim was to determine the degree of ...
Green A L - - 2007
We report a 61-year-old hypertensive man who underwent deep brain stimulation of the periventricular/periaqueductal grey area for the relief of chronic neuropathic pain affecting his oral cavity and soft palate. During intraoperative stimulation, we were able to modulate his blood pressure up or down, depending on electrode location. This is ...
Beason-Held Lori L - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Changes in patterns of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) were assessed over a period of 6 years in 14 treated hypertensive participants (HTNs) and 14 age-matched healthy older participants (healthy controls [HCs]) in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging. METHODS: Resting-state PET scans collected at years 1, ...
Chockalingam Arun - - 2007
It is estimated that nearly one billion people are affected by hypertension worldwide, and this figure is predicted to increase to 1.5 billion by 2025. Nearly one-half of this population are unaware of their condition. Hypertension is the primary risk factor for heart disease and stroke. World Hypertension Day (WHD) ...
Wang Jingshu - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The use of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) has been associated with increased blood pressure and hypertension. However, less is known about how the risk of hypertension is associated with cyclooxygenase 2 selective inhibitors (coxibs), especially celecoxib, the only coxib remaining on the market. OBJECTIVE: To compare the risk of ...
Kakar Puneet - - 2007
The pathophysiology of essential hypertension and its complications has been a focus of much research and clinical interest. More recent attention has been directed towards inflammation and endothelial dysfunction, especially since inflammation can promote endothelial dysfunction and the latter has been intimately related to thrombogenesis and atherogenesis. Hypertension is also ...
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