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Eisner Brian H - - 2010
PURPOSE: The epidemiological relationship between nephrolithiasis and hypertension is well-known. Patients with hypertension are at increased risk for nephrolithiasis and those with nephrolithiasis are at risk for hypertension. Urine calcium or urine citrate may be related to hypertension status. We examined the relationship between hypertension and 24-hour urine composition in ...
Gudmundsdottir H - - 2010
Screening for hypertensive organ damage is important in assessing cardiovascular risk in hypertensive individuals. In a 20-year follow-up of normotensive and hypertensive men, signs of end-organ damage were examined, focusing on hypertensive retinopathy. In all, 56 of the original 79 men were reexamined for hypertensive organ damage, including by digital ...
Castro Michele M - - 2010
Structural vascular changes in two-kidney, one-clip (2K-1C) hypertension may result from increased matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 activity. MMP-2 activation is regulated by other MMPs, including transmembrane-MMPs, and by tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMPs). We have investigated the localization of MMP-2, -9, -14, and TIMPs 1-4 in hypertensive aortas and measured their ...
Mittal Bharati V - - 2010
Hypertension is a major public health problem and a leading cause of death and disability in developing countries. One-quarter of the world's adult population has hypertension, and this is likely to increase to 29% by 2025. Modeled projections indicate an increase to 1.15 billion hypertensive patients by 2025 in developing ...
Acelajado Maria Czarina - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Resistant hypertension is a common clinical problem, and patients with resistant hypertension have increased cardiovascular risk. It is a subset of the hypertensive population that is little studied and poorly characterized. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to discuss resistant hypertension, its recognition and diagnostic workup and management, ...
Ghuman Nimrta - - 2009
Hypertension can persist from pregnancy or present de novo in the postpartum period and continue to pose a risk to maternal well-being. These risks are magnified as many patients present after hospital discharge and go unrecognized because of decreased medical surveillance after delivery. Guidelines for the management of postpartum hypertension ...
Begg Denovan P - - 2010
Dietary omega-3 fatty acid deficiency can lead to hypertension in later life; however, hypertension is affected by numerous other dietary factors. We examined the effect of altering the dietary protein level on blood pressure in animals deficient or sufficient in omega-3 fatty acids. Female rats were placed on one of ...
Sabanayagam Charumathi - - 2009
Retinal arteriolar narrowing is a marker of chronic microvascular damage from hypertension. We hypothesized that the presence of retinal arteriolar narrowing increases the likelihood of chronic kidney disease (CKD) associated with hypertension. We examined 3602 persons of Chinese, Malay and Indian ethnicities, aged at least 24 years residing in Singapore. ...
Nebiolo Franco - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Reliable clinical or laboratory markers of chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU) duration are not available. Angioedema, autologous serum skin test (ASST) results, and antithyroid antibodies have been inconsistently associated with longer urticaria duration. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of clinical and laboratory parameters with CIU duration, including systemic hypertension, because ...
Giles Thomas D - - 2009
Since the publication of a paper by the American Society of Hypertension, Inc. Writing Group in 2003, some refinements have occurred in the definition of hypertension. Blood pressure is now recognized as a biomarker for hypertension, and a distinction is made between the various stages of hypertension and global cardiovascular ...
Friese Ryan S - - 2009
The contribution of inflammation to hypertension and target organ damage is under investigation. The matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) enzymes are inflammatory mediators that may contribute to hypertension and its target organ consequences. Here we probe MMPs as inflammatory mediators in hypertension, by studying all three MMP classes in uncomplicated hypertension as ...
Sarii┼čik Ahmet - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: In a previous study conducted in Kocaeli, Turkey, ten years before, a very low rate of hypertension control (6.2%) was reported. This hypertension survey was conducted to determine whether the treatment and control rates of hypertension improved in the same region. STUDY DESIGN: Using a stratified sampling method, 1222 ...
Varis Juha - - 2009
The prevalence of hypertension is high in Finland. Only one fourth of the drug-treated hypertensive patients reach their target pressure. We evaluated a commercially available telemedicine system for impact in reaching better blood pressure control among Finnish hypertensive patients. A telemedicine system, the Doc@home, was used to assist blood pressure ...
Kim Jee Young - - 2009
To investigate the association between particulate matter (PM2.5) and urinary 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) in hypertensive and non-hypertensive individuals. Twelve hypertensives and nine non-hypertensives were monitored during a 36-hour period using a repeated-measures panel study design. Personal exposure to PM2.5 was assessed using a real-time continuous monitor. Spot urine samples collected at ...
Wamala J F - - 2009
Hypertension is a growing public health problem in Uganda and Africa as a whole. We conducted a study to determine the prevalence and identify factors associated withy hypertension among residents of the rural district of Rukungiri, Uganda. A community-based cross-sectional study design was used to conduct this study. Between January ...
Martínez-Lapiscina E H - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The consumption of tree nuts could reduce the risk of hypertension, but scarce research has been done to evaluate this potential association. We assessed the association between nut consumption and the incidence of hypertension among 9919 Spanish university graduates followed-up biennially for a median of 4.3 years. ...
Humar R - - 2009
The purpose of this review is to provide a basic understanding of the important relationship between microvascular remodelling, angiogenesis and hypertension, that is, provide an overview of recent experimental and clinical evidence from anti-hypertensive and pro- and anti-angiogenic therapy with respect to hypertension and microvascular structure. Microvascular rarefaction, that is, ...
Crane Heidi M HM Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA. - - 2009
Lipoatrophy and lipohypertrophy are associated with metabolic abnormalities, but little is known about their impact on hypertension. We conducted this study to determine the associations of lipoatrophy and lipohypertrophy with hypertension. A cross-sectional study of HIV-infected patients who completed a self-report body morphology assessment was performed. We defined hypertension as ...
Re Richard N - - 2009
Hypertension and its sequelae are complex processes. Optimization of the care of the hypertensive patient requires not only attention to the regulation of arterial pressure but also attention to blunting the hypertension-related processes that lead to vascular disease. It is clear that the regulation of these processes is much more ...
Liesemer Kirk - - 2009
It has been estimated that up to 27% of all medical emergencies presenting to emergency departments are due to hypertension, predominantly in the adult population. Although this often is an insidious process, acutely, a hypertensive emergency occurs when a patient presents with severe hypertension and evidence of end organ damage. ...
Wang Xiang X Department of Biochemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2009
Excessive stimulation of Gq protein-coupled receptors by cognate vasoconstrictor agonists induces a variety of cardiovascular processes, including hypertension and hypertrophy. Here, we report that matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP-7) and a disintegrin and metalloproteinase-12 (ADAM-12) form a novel signaling axis in these processes. In functional studies, we targeted MMP-7 in rodent models ...
Hirsch S - - 2009
Hypertension in hemodialysis patients is typically treated with a combination of volume removal with dialysis--although limited by current dialysis paradigms--and hypertension medications. Unfortunately, most patients treated in this manner remain hypertensive. This contrasts with superior results obtained in clinical studies in which salt restriction and augmented dialytic volume removal normalized ...
Constantine E - - 2009
The prevalence of hypertension in the pediatric population is rising, coincident with the rise in childhood obesity worldwide. While most hypertensive children do not require emergent care, hypertensive urgencies and emergencies may be encountered in the outpatient clinic, the emergency department or the inpatient ward. To avoid the life-threatening complications ...
Guo Xiu Hua - - 2009
To investigate combination patterns of cardiovascular risks and sequelae at different stages of hypertension, all 6176 newly or previously diagnosed hypertensives were selected from a randomized sampling surveillance data to perform a multiple correspondence analysis. Short duration hypertensives are characterized by relatively young age, less physical exercise, normal fruits and ...
Liu Xiaojun X Molecular Physiology Laboratory, Centre for Cardiovascular Science, Queen's Medical Research Institute, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH16 4TJ, United - - 2009
Severe forms of hypertension are characterized by high blood pressure combined with end organ damage. Through the development and refinement of a transgenic rat model of malignant hypertension incorporating the mouse renin gene, we previously identified a quantitative trait locus on chromosome 10, which affects malignant hypertension severity and morbidity. ...
Marras Andrea Raffaele - - 2009
The Sardinian Hypertensive Adolescents Research Programme Study, which for the sake of simplicity we will describe as SHARP, was aimed at detecting the prevalence of hypertension in a number of Southern Italian students, using a process of longitudinal screening lasting 3 years, hoping to answer the question whether it is ...
Jones Daniel W - - 2009
Hypertension prevalence rates in Mississippi are currently the highest in our country. Hypertension treatment and control rates are less than ideal. Our best hope is in prevention of hypertension through healthier lifestyles with more physical activity, fewer calories, and lower dietary sodium intake. A commitment by physicians to overcome clinical ...
Patanè Salvatore - - 2010
Chili peppers are rich in capsaicin. The potent vasodilator calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is stored in a population of C-fiber afferents that are sensitive to capsaicin. CGRP and peptides released from cardiac C fibers have a beneficial effect in myocardial ischemia and reperfusion. It has been reported that capsaicin pretreatment ...
Saberi Hooshang - - 2009
The concept of compression of the rostral ventrolateral medulla as a cause for hypertension is gaining more and more interest. This report is about a 36-year-old male with a three years history of hypertension who presented with a posterior fossa mass suggestive of a hemangioblastoma. Laboratory and imaging studies ruled ...
Ike S O - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the prevalence pattern of hypertension and its complications among medical admissions and compare the findings with those of a previous study conducted at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu. METHOD: A review of all the admissions into the medical wards of the University of Nigeria Teaching ...
Giouleme Olga - - 2009
Portopulmonary hypertension is a rare and severe complication of patients with cirrhosis. Sarcoidosis, a disease of unknown etiology, is also a cause of pulonary hypertension and right heart dysfunction. We report the case of a 51-year-old male patient, suffering from cirrhosis due to Wilson's disease, portal hypertension and pulmonary hypertension ...
Baumann Marcus - - 2009
An important link between adiponectin and hypertension has been proposed in clinical studies. In the circulation, adiponectin is predominantly present in multimeric complexes, of which high-molecular weight (HMW) adiponectin is thought to represent the biological active form. The authors investigated which role the different multimeric adiponectin isoforms play in context ...
Pimenta Adriano M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the association between work hours and incidence of hypertension in 8779 participants of a Spanish dynamic prospective cohort of university graduates. METHODS: The baseline questionnaire included information about the weekly number of hours the participants devoted to work and to home ...
Sun Jian - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) were found in patients with and without hypertension. We aimed to investigate different distribution patterns of CMBs in patients with and without hypertension. METHODS: We examined acute ischemic stroke patients using a standardized MRI protocol that included T(1), T(2) and gradient-echo T(2)*. Clinical and imaging characteristics ...
Díaz-Ruiz C - - 2009
Epidemiological evidence suggests that hypertension may accelerate the onset and progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this study, we explored the role of hypertension in the neurodegenerative changes associated with Abeta and tau aggregation. We induced hypertension in APP(swe) Tg2576 and P301L-tauTg mouse models. In Tg2576 mice, experimental hypertension was ...
Kusuma Yadlapalli S - - 2009
The developing countries are experiencing epidemiological transition and hypertension has emerged as a major threat to health in these countries. Understanding people's perceptions is important for any prevention and control activities and lay explanatory models (EMs) provide an opportunity to gain insights into the people's perceptions. This qualitative study is ...
Buck Anna C - - 2009
Researchers have established the role of heredity and lifestyle in the occurrence of hypertension, but the potential role of psychosocial factors, especially religiosity, is less understood. This paper analyzes the relationship between multiple dimensions of religiosity and systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and hypertension using data taken from the ...
van de Louw J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Literature on the prevalence of hypertension in people with intellectual disability (ID) is mostly based on file studies or on measurements limited to the age group below 50 years. We measured and calculated the prevalence of hypertension in adults with ID and studied the distribution of hypertension in relation ...
Ince N - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Leather tanning may result in various occupational diseases. The aim of this study was to compare the relation between blood pressure levels and vocations in leather tanning. METHODS: Our study was conducted in Turkey's leading leather process plant located in Tuzla organised industry zone, between March 11 and May ...
Chan Ling-Ling - - 2008
The association between ventro-lateral medulla (VLM) compression and hypertension has not been compared between hemifacial spasm (HFS) and healthy controls using advanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques specific for detecting neurovascular compression. We conducted a MR-constructive interference in a steady state (CISS) and Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA) imaging study of ...
Nieves-Cintrón Madeline - - 2008
Many excitable cells express L-type Ca(2+) channels (LTCCs), which participate in physiological and pathophysiological processes ranging from memory, secretion, and contraction to epilepsy, heart failure, and hypertension. Clusters of LTCCs can operate in a PKCalpha-dependent, high open probability mode that generates sites of sustained Ca(2+) influx called "persistent Ca(2+) sparklets." ...
Lewis Vivian - - 2010
As part of an initiative to increase physician awareness about hypertension and cardiovascular disease (CVD); we studied the effects of a pilot intervention on the rates of referral for uncontrolled hypertension in an Ob-Gyn office. Physicians in an Ob-Gyn practice completed an educational session regarding hypertension and used a 1-page ...
Hannesdottir K - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Hypertension has been associated with impaired cognition. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and magnetic resonance spectroscopy were applied to assess white matter abnormalities in treated vs untreated hypertension and if these correlated with neuropsychological performance. METHODS: Subjects were 40 patients with medically treated hypertension (mean age 69.3 years), 10 patients ...
Bobrie Guillaume - - 2008
The purpose of this research was to review the literature on masked hypertension. Studies, reviews and editorials on masked hypertension were identified by PubMed, Pascal BioMed and Cochrane literature systematic searches. Then, we carried out a meta-analysis of the six cohort studies reporting quantitative data for masked hypertension prognosis. There ...
Vergara Cunegundo - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Puerto Ricans comprise one of the largest growing minority groups in the United States, yet data about hypertension in this population is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To review published literature concerning the epidemiology, morbidity, mortality, patient awareness, and treatment of hypertension in Puerto Ricans in the United States. LITERATURE REVIEW: The ...
Greathouse Mark M South Hills Cardiology Associates, 2000 Oxford Drive, Ste. 680, Bethel Park, Pittsburgh, PA 15102, USA. - - 2008
Contemporary practice guidelines for hypertension recommend a goal systolic/diastolic blood pressure (BP) of less than 140/90 mmHg for patients with hypertension and less than 130/80 mmHg for patients with diabetes mellitus or chronic kidney disease. Current guidelines recognize that most patients will require combination therapy to achieve these BP goals and recommend ...
Paul Biju - - 2008
1. Anaemia is an independent predictor of mortality in pro-atherosclerotic conditions with impaired endothelial function, such as diabetes and chronic kidney disease. However, the prevalence of anaemia in hypertension, a condition characterized by endothelial dysfunction, is unclear. 2. Haemoglobin concentration, renal function and echocardiographic parameters of 187 consecutive patients (M ...
Shintani Shuzo - - 2008
We report two cases of reversible brainstem hypertensive encephalopathy (RBHE) with unusual magnetic resonance (MR) findings. Patient 1, an 85-year-old man without a history of hypertension, developed acute severe hypertension and mild consciousness disturbance as the only symptoms. Patient 2, a 46-year-old man with an untreated hypertension, presented with extremely ...
Harris David M - - 2008
Hypertension is a prevalent condition in the developed world and disease severity is directly correlated with additional cardiovascular complications. It is estimated that 30% of the adult population in the United States has hypertension, which is classified as a systolic blood pressure > or =140 mmHg and/or a diastolic blood ...
Dong Guang-Hui - - 2008
Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular and renal diseases. In PR China, the prevalence of hypertension has substantially increased during the past four decades. Information on prevalence as well as awareness regarding treatment and prevention of hypertension is scarce particularly in rural settings. The objective of this study ...
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