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Tsuga K - - 2011
Summary  Tongue pressure measured with a disposable hand-held balloon probe has been used for assessing tongue function; however, no diagnostic standard for assessing other oral functions exists currently. In this study, to develop a method for multifactorial manometric evaluation of oral functions, 20 men and 20 women (21-32 years of age) ...
Vachiery Jean-Luc - - 2011
To assess pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of a 10 mg intravenous sildenafil bolus in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) patients stabilized on 20 mg sildenafil orally three times daily. Pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated using noncompartmental analysis. After an acute increase, plasma concentrations stabilized within the range reported previously for a 20 mg ...
Sanuki Takuro - - 2011
PURPOSE:: This study investigated the effects of head-neck extension on abnormalities of laryngeal mask airway (LMA) function resulting from opening the mouth. PATIENTS AND METHODS:: A single, experienced LMA user inserted the LMA in 15 patients scheduled for elective oral surgery. Oropharyngeal leak pressure and intracuff pressure were sequentially documented ...
Titze Ingo R - - 2011
Semi-occlusion of the vocal tract may provide a new method for assessing ranges of F(0) and a physiological correlate of vocal intensity. Signals can be obtained without concern about room noise, steadiness in mouth-to-microphone distance, and possibly without vocal injury caused by excessive loudness produced. Nine volunteers participated. Steady and ...
Baccarelli Andrea - - 2011
Particulate Matter (PM) exposure is critical in Beijing due to high population density and rapid increase in vehicular traffic. PM effects on blood pressure (BP) have been investigated as a mechanism mediating cardiovascular risks, but results are still inconsistent. The purpose of our study is to determine the effects of ...
Graudal Niels Albert - - 2011
In spite of more than 100 years of investigations the question of reduced sodium intake as a health prophylaxis initiative is still unsolved. To estimate the effects of low sodium versus high sodium intake on systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP), plasma or serum levels of renin, aldosterone, ...
Shabbir Asim - - 2011
Background:  Closure of access site is one of the key issues that will determine the development of natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery. Our study was designed to compare the effectiveness of gastrotomy closure using endoloop and endoclip with hand-sewn closure as a control. Methods:  Gastrotomy was carried out on 24 ...
Geerinckx Tom - - 2010
Suckermouth armored catfishes (Loricariidae) use their suckermouth for inspiration, feeding, and attachment to substrates. The sucker consists of a pre-valvular cavity, formed by a modified lip disc, and is separated from the larger post-valvular buccal cavity by a muscular oral valve. The combination of respiration and suction attachment seems paradoxal, ...
Geerinckx Tom - - 2011
Suckermouth armored catfishes (Loricariidae) use their suckermouth for inspiration, feeding, and attachment to substrates. The sucker consists of a pre-valvular cavity, formed by a modified lip disc, and is separated from the larger post-valvular buccal cavity by a muscular oral valve. The combination of respiration and suction attachment seems paradoxal, ...
Talebi H - - 2010
The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of pre-anesthetic orally administration of clonidine on pulse rate and blood stress response to laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation. In a double-blinded, randomized study, 274 ASA I and II subjects with age of 18 to 45 years scheduled for elective surgery ...
Singh Mukesh - - 2010
Significant advances have been made in understanding the pathogenesis and clinical physiology of primary hypertension. This article presents an overview of the physiology of normal blood pressure control and the pathophysiologic mechanisms that predispose individuals and populations to primary hypertension. The role of genetics, environment, and the gene-environment interaction is ...
Stabouli Stella - - 2010
Hypothyroidism has been recognized as a cause of secondary hypertension. Previous studies on the prevalence of hypertension in subjects with hypothyroidism have demonstrated elevated blood pressure values. Increased peripheral vascular resistance and low cardiac output has been suggested to be the possible link between hypothyroidism and diastolic hypertension. The hypothyroid ...
Kim Yong-June - - 2011
To assess the influence of hypertension on urinary metabolites as well as recurrent stone formation. Recent studies have suggested that urolithiasis and hypertension are positively associated. However, the relationship between hypertension and lithogenic metabolites is inconsistent and requires further elucidation. Based on the presence of hypertension, stone formers (SF) were ...
Ogedegbe Gbenga - - 2010
The diagnosis of masked hypertension has been made easier with the widespread availability of home blood pressure monitoring devices with levels of accuracy comparable to ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. The negative impact of masked hypertension on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality is evidenced by numerous well-designed clinic-based and population-based studies. The ...
- - 2010
Many patients with hypertension require more than one drug to control their blood pressure.1 Tribenzor (Daiichi Sankyo), recently approved by the FDA for treatment of hypertension, combines the calcium channel blocker amlodipine (Norvasc, and others), the angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) olmesartan (Benicar) and the most commonly prescribed diuretic, hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ). ...
Anagnostis Panagiotis - - 2010
Hypertension is a major contributor to vascular morbidity and mortality. Endocrine hypertension (EH) refers to secondary hypertension caused by specific endocrine abnormalities. The significance of EH is that the identification of the underlying disorder and its management may lead to partial or complete normalization of blood pressure. When EH is ...
Jeon Yeon Soo - - 2010
We report a case of Rumpel-Leede (RL) phenomenon, - acute dermis capillary rupture, secondary to noninvasive blood pressure (NIBP) monitoring in a patient with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension. The first most likely cause is vascular fragility in microangiopathy as a result of DM and chronic steroid use. ...
Loirand Gervaise - - 2010
Arterial hypertension is a common health problem that affects 25% of the adult population in industrialized societies, and is a major risk factor for myocardial infarction and stroke. However, the pathogenesis of hypertension, as well as the basic mechanisms of blood-pressure control, are insufficiently understood. Although the development of hypertension ...
Al-Bannay Rashed - - 2010
To evaluate the clinical presentation and comorbidities of hypertensive crisis in our own population. In this cohort based study, we investigate the clinical presentation and comorbidities of hypertensive crisis by evaluating the data collected between January and April 2009. We included 154 patients admitted with systolic and diastolic blood pressure ...
Sharma Madhu - - 2010
The prevalence of hypertension in children is increasing but its neurological effects are under-recognised. Here, we describe acute and chronic effects of childhood hypertension on the nervous system. Acute neurological involvement ranges from posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome to, possibly, infarction and haemorrhage. Children with chronic hypertension are likely to have ...
Guo Yuming - - 2010
BACKGROUND: A number of epidemiological studies have examined the adverse effect of air pollution on mortality and morbidity. Also, several studies have investigated the associations between air pollution and specific-cause diseases including arrhythmia, myocardial infarction, and heart failure. However, little is known about the relationship between air pollution and the ...
Al-Asadi N - - 2010
Type A behaviour pattern has been found to be associated with coronary heart diseases, but its association with hypertension is inconsistent. To investigate the association between type A behaviour pattern and hypertension, 221 known hypertensive patients and a control group of 221 non-hypertensive patients in Basra, Iraq, were interviewed for ...
Katibi I A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Hypertension remains the commonest non-communicable disease in Nigeria and a leading cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Knowledge and practice among hypertensive patients were therefore assessed as a prelude towards attaining better blood pressure control. MATERIALS AND METHOD: 224 consecutive hypertensive patients were prospectively studied using a pre-tested questionnaire. ...
Nakamura Koshi - - 2010
Hypertension and smoking are major causes of disability and death, especially in the Asia-Pacific region, where there is a high prevalence of a combination of these two risk factors. We attempted to measure the medical expenditures of a Japanese male population with hypertension and/or a smoking habit over a 10-year ...
Papadopoulos Dimitris P - - 2010
Hypertensive crises (76% urgencies, 24% emergencies) represented more than one fourth of all medical urgencies/emergencies. Hypertensive urgencies frequently present with headache (22%), epistaxis (17%), faintness, and psychomotor agitation (10%) and hypertensive emergencies frequently present with chest pain (27%), dyspnea (22%) and neurological deficit (21%). Types of end-organ damage associated with ...
Orias Marcelo - - 2010
The study of genes and mechanisms associated with hypertension is hampered by the heterogeneity of hypertensive patients. Refining the definition of hypertension is a potential means of improving the clarity of mechanistic studies, but the lack of intermediate phenotypes hinders the assessment of causal relationships. Looking at younger individuals and ...
Ram C Venkata S - - 2010
Systemic hypertension is an important risk factor for premature cardiovascular disease. Hypertension also contributes to excessive morbidity and mortality. Whereas excellent therapeutic options are available to treat hypertension, there is an unsettled issue about the very definition of hypertension. At what level of blood pressure should we treat hypertension? Does ...
Murea Mariana - - 2010
Treating mild-to-moderate essential hypertension in nondiabetic African Americans fails to halt nephropathy progression, whereas hypertension control slows nephropathy progression in European Americans. The pathogenesis of these disparate renal syndromes is reviewed. The nonmuscle myosin heavy chain 9 gene (MYH9) is associated with a spectrum of kidney diseases in African Americans, ...
Gerin William - - 2010
Tom Pickering had a profound influence on the study of biobehavioral factors in the development, diagnosis, and misdiagnosis of hypertension. His contributions influenced several avenues of research, including ecological momentary assessments of the sources and causes of diurnal blood pressure variation, the evaluation and impact of job strain on blood ...
Eguchi Kazuo - - 2010
Masked hypertension has been 'unmasked' by the use of the out-of-office measurement of blood pressure, as home BP monitoring or ambulatory blood pressure monitoring has become available. The term masked hypertension could be used more widely than the original version of masked hypertension; morning hypertension, stress-induced hypertension, and nocturnal hypertension ...
Shukla Dhananjay - - 2010
The association between serous retinal detachment of macula (SRD) in hypertensive retinopathy (HTR) and malignant hypertension has been reported. This cross-sectional study included 14 consecutive patients on treatment for hypertension, who were referred for ophthalmic evaluation and were found to have macular SRD, documented by optical coherence tomography. All underwent ...
Hsieh Cheng-Yang - - 2010
Hypertensive encephalopathy (HE) is one of the acknowledged hypertensive emergencies. Isolated hypertensive brainstem encephalopathy (HBE) without concomitant typical parietooccipital lesion is unusual. Patients with HBE may or may not present with symptoms attributable to brainstem and the diagnosis is challenging in an emergency setting. The most important differential diagnosis in ...
Rodriguez Maria Alexandra - - 2010
Hypertension is a common chronic medical condition affecting over 65 million Americans. Uncontrolled hypertension can progress to a hypertensive crisis defined as a systolic blood pressure >180 mm Hg or a diastolic blood pressure >120 mm Hg. Hypertensive crisis can be further classified as a hypertensive urgency or hypertensive emergency ...
Reusch Claudia E - - 2010
Hypertension is classified as idiopathic or secondary. In animals with idiopathic hypertension, persistently elevated blood pressure is not caused by an identifiable underlying or predisposing disease. Until recently, more than 95% of cases of hypertension in humans were diagnosed as idiopathic. New studies have shown, however, a much higher prevalence ...
Arici Mustafa - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension incidence is an important determinant of hypertension prevalence and progression. Few studies have been published on hypertension incidence in developing countries despite the high prevalence observed. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of hypertension in Turkey. METHODS: The study was designed as an epidemiological ...
Caskie Grace I L - - 2010
Hypertension, highly prevalent and often undiagnosed among older Mexican Americans, is associated with greater limitations in activities of daily living (ADLs) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) that can lead to greater dependency for older adults. Using data from the Hispanic Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly ...
Brinks Henriette L - - 2010
Hypertension represents a complex, multifactorial disease and contributes to the major causes of morbidity and mortality in industrialized countries: ischemic and hypertensive heart disease, stroke, peripheral atherosclerosis and renal failure. Current pharmacological therapy of essential hypertension focuses on the regulation of vascular resistance by inhibition of hormones such as catecholamines ...
Yorifuji Takashi - - 2010
Recent studies suggest potential adverse effects of methylmercury exposure on cardiovascular disease, although the evidence of association with hypertension is still inconsistent. Therefore, we evaluated the effects of methylmercury exposure on hypertension in Minamata. We used data derived from the 1971 population-based survey in Minamata and neighboring communities. We also ...
Kim Gee-Hee - - 2010
It is known that in advanced hypertensive retinopathy, which changes advanced hypertensive retinopathy (Grade III or IV), there is a strong relation between retinal microvascular lesions and cardiac and macrovascular markers of target organ damage (TOD). The prevalence of grade II hypertensive retinopathy and its relationship to cardiovascular risk factors ...
Barquera Simón - - 2010
To describe the prevalence of hypertension among Mexican adults, and to compare to that observed among Mexican-Americans living in the US. The primary data source came from adults (>20 years) sampled (n=33366) in the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2006 (ENSANUT 2006). Hypertension was defined when systolic blood pressure ...
Kapur Gaurav - - 2010
According to the Fourth Report on the Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents, stage 1 hypertension is often primary in origin and associated with overweight. In contrast, stage 2 hypertension is more often secondary in origin and, hence, requires more extensive evaluation according to ...
Lu Hang - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Few data are available comparing homocysteine (Hcy) levels in patients with hypertension in different ethnic groups. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine whether there are associations of blood pressure and Hcy levels in patients with hypertension from Xinjiang Province, China. METHODS: We examined the serum total Hcy levels in ...
Hirano Yoshio - - 2010
Purpose. We report a case of hypertensive choroidopathy with bilateral serous retinal detachments. Patient. A 50-year-old man underwent bilateral serous retinal detachments. Retinal arteriolar narrowing, vascular tortuosity, and arteriovenous nicking were identified in both eyes. The blood pressure was 206/125 mmHg. The patient was diagnosed with bilateral hypertensive choroidopathy and treated ...
Aung Tania - - 2010
This article examines the relationships between allergic rhinitis and hypertension, chronic sinusitis and hypertension, and asthma and hypertension. Previous studies have demonstrated that men reporting seasonal or chronic rhinitis had on average a 3.5 mm Hg higher systolic blood pressure than those without allergic rhinitis. Proposed mechanisms to the relationship ...
Ulasi Ifeoma I - - 2010
The prevalence of cardio-metabolic syndrome (CMS) is increasing worldwide. In people of African descent, there is higher prevalence of hypertension and complications than other races. Bearing in mind these facts, we looked at the CMS in the general population and the population with hypertension. Using the new International Diabetes Federation ...
Bosu William K - - 2010
Hypertension is a major risk factor for many cardiovascular diseases in developing countries. A comprehensive review of the prevalence of hypertension provides crucial information for the evaluation and implementation of appropriate programmes. The PubMed and Google Scholar databases were searched for published articles on the population-based prevalence of adult hypertension ...
Onwuchekwa Arthur C - - 2010
Hypertension in Nigeria is a widespread problem of immense social and economic importance because of its high prevalence and the severity of its complications. To define the morbidity and mortality pattern of hypertension at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital (UPTH). Records of all patients admitted to the medical ...
By Yuvaraj - - 2010
To study the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in the rural areas of Davanagere. Cross-sectional community-based study. Villages belonging to six sectors of the Davanagere Taluk. General population above 18 years. A community-based sample was chosen by a multistage sampling technique. Subjects were screened for hypertension by a ...
Osamor Pauline E - - 2010
Hypertension is a common non communicable condition worldwide. In developing countries (including Nigeria), the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is common. This study investigated the frequency and factors associated with use of CAM among hypertensive subjects in an urban Nigerian community. Perspectives about the management of hypertension were ...
Lien Yu-Hsin - - 2010
Hypertension and proteinuria are medical complications associated with the multisystemic effects of long-term hypercortisolism in dogs with hyperadrenocorticism (HAC). This study investigated the relationships among adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-stimulation test results, systemic blood pressure, and microalbuminuria in clinically-healthy dogs (n = 100), in dogs affected with naturally occurring pituitary-dependent (PDH; n ...
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