Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1276
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Moore K N - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To assess the safety, efficacy, comfort, and patient satisfaction with three penile compression devices: the Cunningham clamp, C3, and U-Tex. METHODS: The devices were tested in random order in a multiple-period, crossover study design using a Latin squares configuration. The subjects had undergone radical prostatectomy 6 months or more ...
Rathnasingham Ruben - - 2004
The formal characterization of the performance of microfluidic delivery devices is crucial for reliable in vivo application. A comprehensive laboratory technique was developed and used to optimize, calibrate and validate microfabricated fluid delivery devices. In vivo experiments were carried out to verify the accuracy and reliability of the pressure driven ...
Bolanos Marcos M Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Texas, El Paso, TX 79968, - - 2004
An electrocardiogram (ECG) / blood pressure (BP) telemonitor consisting of comprehensive integration of various electrical engineering concepts, devices, and methods was developed. This personal digital assistant-based (PDAbased) system focused on integration of biopotential amplifiers, photoplethysmographic measurement of blood pressure, microcontroller devices, programming methods, wireless transmission, signal filtering and analysis, interfacing, ...
Salo T T Physical Electronics Laboratory, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, - - 2004
A novel tactile device based on a monolithically integrated sensor chip is presented for external blood pressure measurement. It uses a tonometric principle, thus allowing for continuous monitoring of the blood pressure without the need for an invasive catheter. On the chip, the deflection of membranes in an array is ...
Ezenwa B N BN College of Engineering & Applied Science, Wisconsin University, Milwaukee, WI, - - 2004
Parameters related to conduction velocity are more commonly assessed during CMAP studies excluding amplitude information. Our study suggests that the pressure on measurement electrodes could be responsible for variability in amplitude information during CMAP studies. A new device and method showed promise in CMAP amplitude reliability.
Chang Joseph J - - 2003
The Dinamap automated oscillometric device (GE Medical Systems Information Technologies, Inc., Milwaukee, Wisconsin) for blood pressure measurement is widely employed in epidemiologic studies because it is easy to use and because it eliminates observer variability. In this study, the authors assessed the variability in observed blood pressures associated with use ...
Graves J W - - 2003
Mercury sphygmomanometers are being removed from clinical practice in the United States due to environmental concerns about mercury toxicity. Accurate blood pressure measurement is central to high-quality hypertension management. In this study of 106 patients, the BpTRU(TM) device was compared to nurse blood pressure measurements that complied with all the ...
KüçükkeleĊŸ Nazan - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to investigate the changes in pressures that are exerted to maxilla by the tongue, lip, and cheek before and after expansion and during the retention period. Twelve patients (five males, seven females) with maxillary transverse deficiencies were randomly selected. The first pressure measurements were ...
Braam R L - - 2003
Devices measuring blood pressure oscillometrically at the wrist are becoming more and more popular. These devices are small, easy to handle and can measure blood pressure without the need to undress. However, few of the wrist devices have been validated properly, i.e. according to internationally accepted protocols. In this article ...
Tochikubo Osamu - - 2003
BACKGROUND: We have developed a new blood pressure (BP)-measuring device with a double-cuff, and evaluated its accuracy and applicability for practical use. DESIGN: The double-cuff method features a small cuff placed in the centre of the compression cuff to detect the oscillation of arterial pulsation, by which algorithms for the ...
Tsuga K - - 2003
At the oral stage of swallowing, the tongue plays a major role and proper tongue performance is necessary to form the bolus and transfer it to the pharynx. For the present study we built a prototype device for safe and handy objective estimation of tongue motion and coordination with laryngeal ...
Braam R L - - 2003
The market for automated blood pressure measuring devices is growing rapidly. Many patients want to buy a device for blood pressure measurement at home and ask their physician for advice about which one to choose. In this article an overview is given of the different devices available for blood pressure ...
Eaton Michael P - - 2003
Pressure infusion devices are often used to administer fluids in the operating room, but they may rarely be associated with serious venous air embolism. We studied the performance of the Level 1 and the Ranger Pressure Infusor in the laboratory. The Ranger delivered less air and delivered fluid faster than ...
Sinha Uttam K - - 2003
We conducted a study to quantitatively determine the pressure perception thresholds in the oral cavity and oropharynx of a normal population with the Pressure-Specifying Sensory Device (PSSD). The PSSD measured pressure perception thresholds for both static and moving one- and two-point discrimination modalities at a variety of sites in the ...
Dyer I R - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the distribution of pressures within a model trachea, produced by five different tracheal gas insufflation devices. The aim was to suggest a suitable design of a tracheal gas insufflation device for clinical use. METHODS: Each device was tested using insufflation flow rates of 5 ...
Vassalos A - - 2003
The results are reported of a postal survey into current trends in the management of compartment syndrome and the use of compartment pressure monitoring (CPM) within Scottish trauma units. The majority of consultants in the study felt that all patients, especially the obtunded, with suspected compartment syndrome should be diagnosed ...
Hertegonne Katrien B - - 2003
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare comfort parameters and pressure profiles of the AutoSet (Resmed) and the SOMNOsmart (Weinmann), two auto-adjustable positive airway pressure (APAP) devices. SETTING: The sleep disorders center of a university hospital. DESIGN: A single-blind randomized trial protocol was applied. A split night ...
O'Brien Eoin - - 2003
Consumers are faced with an ever-increasing array of blood pressure measuring devices, whether for use in clinical areas or for use by individuals anxious to measure their own blood pressure. Validation protocols that allow for independent evaluation of blood pressure measuring devices are available, and some of the devices on ...
Lang Josef-Michael - - 2003
The Spiegelberg 3-PN intraparenchymal pressure sensor was clinically evaluated. The Spiegelberg intraparenchymal pressure sensor is a low-cost device that uniquely performs regular automatic zeroing in situ throughout the measurement period. The Spiegelberg sensor was inserted in 87 patients who required intracranial pressure monitoring as part of their routine management. Complications ...
Baumann Michael H - - 2003
PURPOSE: Flow rates and pressures generated by commercially available pleural drainage units (PDUs) and flow rates through available pleural drainage catheters (PDCs) are not known. This information may be important clinically depending on the volume of air leak associated with a bronchopleural fistula. DESIGN: Eight PDUs were assessed for flow ...
El Assaad Mohamed A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Two devices for self-measurement of blood pressure at the brachial artery-the Omron M5-I and the Omron 705IT-were evaluated according to the international protocol of the European Society of Hypertension. DESIGN: The international validation protocol is divided into two phases: the first phase is performed on 15 selected subjects and ...
Zhong Jun - - 2003
With the advent of newer devices for measuring intracranial pressure (ICP) and cerebral metabolism, more alternatives continue to rise aiming to control ICP. This manuscript presents a proposed analysis of different ICP monitoring devices in order to make appropriate selection of them in our clinical setting including general and pediatric ...
Lee Kyoung Ho - - 2003
PURPOSE: To develop a method for the quantitative and longitudinal assessment of clogging in drainage catheters and to confirm the validity of the method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Intracatheter pressure was measured during the infusion of saline at a rate of 0.1-3.0 mL/sec in nine catheters with different internal diameters. With ...
Baker E A - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to determine differences in interface pressure between four mattress combinations: a standard operating table mattress, a pressure-relieving gel pad and an under-patient warming device set at 38 degrees C (Pegasus Inditherm System) and at ambient temperature. The secondary objective was to determine ...
Reinders Annemarie - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Measuring blood pressure with mercury-independent alternatives is rapidly gaining attention. Mercury will be phased out of clinical use as a result of environmental, health and safety concerns and it is of vital importance that any alternative to mercury has to be of a recognized standard. We assessed the accuracy ...
Friedland Shai - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Advances in optical and computer technology have enabled the development of a device that uses white-light reflectance spectrophotometry to measure capillary hemoglobin saturation in intestinal mucosa during colonoscopy. METHODS: Studies were performed with the colon oximeter in anesthetized animals and patients undergoing colonoscopy. RESULTS: Mean (SD) mucosal hemoglobin saturation ...
Longo Daniele - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of the UA-787 oscillometric blood pressure monitor developed by the A&D Company. DESIGN: Evaluation of the UA-787 was performed using the new protocol of the European Society of Hypertension. The performance of the monitor was assessed in relation to the subjects' gender, age, skinfold thickness, ...
Grippo A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Several studies have previously shown respiratory related evoked potentials (RREP) in humans elicited by mechanical stimuli applied on upper airways (UA). According to us, heterogeneous findings, concerning latencies and amplitudes, have been reported because of the different timing of stimuli application during the respiratory cycle and/or features of pressure ...
Oppenheim Irving J - - 2003
We report electrical characterization of micromachined polysilicon capacitive diaphragms for use as ultrasonic transducers. Admittance measurements yield insight into the resonant behavior and also the damping resulting from ultrasonic radiation and frictional forces caused by the etch release holes. Unbonded transducers exhibit sharp resonances with Q values that increase with ...
Heyward Philip M - - 2003
Formation of a high-resistance seal between the tip of a glass recording pipette and the membrane of the recorded cell is the crucial step in patch clamping, or whole cell recording with patch pipettes. Formation of the seal, and subsequent rupture of the membrane for whole cell recording, requires a ...
O'Brien Eoin - - 2003
After a little more than a century of use, the conventional Riva-Rocci/Korotkoff technique of measuring blood pressure with a mercury sphygmomanometer and stethoscope, is now being relegated to the museum shelves. Affectionately attached though we may be to this clinical measurement, we must acknowledge that the technique is fraught with ...
Parati Gianfranco - - 2003
Continuous blood pressure monitoring is an essential prerequisite for any study on blood pressure variability. Invasive procedures are no longer acceptable for research projects in a clinical setting, and recently developed devices able to record blood pressure on a beat-by-beat basis in a non-invasive fashion may represent valuable alternative tools. ...
Volsko Teresa A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Oscillatory positive expiratory pressure (PEP) with the Flutter device facilitates secretion removal. In the Flutter a steel ball vibrates inside a cone, causing air flow vibration. A new device, the Acapella, uses a counterweighted plug and magnet to create air flow oscillation. The Acapella comes in 2 models: one ...
Urquhart G - - 2003
The practice of using conventional mediastinal chest tubes (MCTs) connected to a closed collection device is commonplace in cardiovascular surgery care settings. The MCT collection device requires a closed system to maintain a negative intrathoracic pressure with the goal of preventing inadvertent trapping of air and blood within the mediastinal ...
Golara Moneli - - 2002
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the accuracy of the OMRON-MIT, (an automated inflationary oscillometric blood pressure monitoring device) for use in the general population by direct comparison to standard auscultatory mercury sphygmomanometry. DESIGN: Two trained, blinded observers taking simultaneous blood pressure measurements alternating between a mercury sphygmomanometer and the OMRON-MIT. METHODS: The ...
Cuckson Alexandra C - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The market for devices for the self-measurement of blood pressure is growing, and as accuracy is of prime importance, there is increasing pressure for manufacturers to provide evidence of independent testing. Recent reviews have shown that only five automated upper arm devices for self-measurement of blood pressure have been ...
Ploin Dominique - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The Calor TensioSense Bras automatic blood pressure monitor has obtained European Union certification, but the clinical validity of this new oscillometric device when handled by lay subjects has yet to be evaluated. DESIGN: The design employed prospective and blinded blood pressure measurements and a validation procedure according to the ...
Bigelow Timothy A - - 2002
Because the number of applications for medical ultrasonic devices continue to increase and, hence, the number of diagnostic ultrasound (US) systems increase, there is a need to reliably characterize the sources in terms of their output pressures. Currently, the transducers are characterized by making pressure measurements in water for every ...
Sferruzza Jean-Pierre - - 2002
New clinical concepts in lithotripsy demand small shock heads. Reducing the size of piezoelectric shock heads will be possible only if the pressure generated at the surface of each transducer can be increased so that the total pressure at the focus remains the same. To solve this problem, different solutions ...
Golara Moneli - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of the OMRON-MIT inflationary oscillometric device for blood pressure measurement in pregnancy and pre-eclampsia. DESIGN: Prospective observational study, using validation methods recommended by the British Hypertension Society (BHS) and the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI). SETTINGS: Antenatal clinics and ward, Guy's Hospital, ...
Vote B J T - - 2002
PURPOSE: To assess a humidity device used in vitreoretinal surgery. METHODS: Infrared absorption spectroscopy analysis of absolute water content (absolute humidity) was determined for a typical vitreoretinal air infusion line with and without the humidifying device. A variety of experimental laboratory conditions were utilized and designed to mimic those found ...
Altunkan Sekip - - 2002
BACKGROUND: In this study, we compared two wrist blood pressure-measuring devices, the Omron RX and the Nissei WS-310, against a mercury manometer. METHOD: A total of 152 subjects attending an out-patient hypertensive clinic were recruited from a randomized blood pressure survey, 87 patients (mean 44.4 +/- 14.5 years of age) ...
Hasselbrink Ernest F EF - - 2002
We have developed a nonstick polymer formulation for creating moving parts inside of microfluidic channels and have applied the technique to create piston-based devices that overcome several microfluidic flow control challenges. The parts were created bycompletely filling the channels of a glass microfluidic chip with the monomer/ solvent/initiator components of ...
Herbst Timothy - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive blood pressure (BP) devices should be independently evaluated before being used in special populations. The objective of this study was to assess the accuracy of the Welch-Allyn transtelephonic home blood pressure monitor in adults with Parkinson's disease to evaluate the device for use in a large clinical trial ...
Wahlberg E - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: toe blood pressure (TBP) is an important method to assess peripheral arterial disease especially in patients with diabetes, but remains difficult to measure. We have developed a simple portable device for TBP measurements. METHODS AND RESULTS: first, TBP was determined in 40 ischemic legs with both laser Doppler and ...
Hattler Brack G - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Acute respiratory failure is associated with a mortality of 40% to 50%, despite advanced ventilator support and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. A respiratory gas exchange catheter (the Hattler Catheter) has been developed as an oxygenator and carbon dioxide removal device for placement in the vena cava and right atrium in ...
Müller-Hülsbeck Stefan - - 2002
PURPOSE: To determine in vitro the efficacy of clot removal of the AngioJet (AJ; new 6-F generation), Hydrolyser (HL; 6-F), and Oasis (OS; 6-F) hydrodynamic thrombectomy devices and the Amplatz Thrombectomy Device fragmentation catheter (ATD; 8-F and new-generation 7-F) in large-diameter vessels and low-pressure fluid dynamic applications (ie, pulmonary embolism). ...
Spahn Joseph D - - 2002
New inhaled steroids or new formulations of inhaled steroids continue to be introduced on a regular basis in an attempt to replace hydrochlorofluorocarbon propellant-based, pressurized, metered dose delivery systems. New delivery systems are being introduced with either a replacement propellant in a pressurized metered dose inhaler, such as a hydrofluoroalkane, ...
Miller Elan S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Esophageal varices are a frequent source of bleeding in patients with cirrhosis. Elevated intravariceal pressure is associated with variceal bleeding. There is no simple, easy-to-use device for noninvasive measurement of intravariceal pressure. The purposes of this study were to develop a noninvasive method for measuring intravariceal pressure, and to ...
Prisant L Michael - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The aim of these studies was to assess repeatability of large (C1) and small (C2) arterial elasticity indices over various time intervals using the HDI/Pulsewave CR-2000 Research CardioVascular Profiling System (Hypertension Diagnostics, Inc., Eagan, Minnesota, USA). Non-invasive hemodynamic parameters using this device were compared to invasive measurements. METHODS: After ...
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