Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1598
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Ospina-Tascon Gustavo - - 2010
To evaluate the effects of fluid administration on microcirculatory alterations in sepsis. With a Sidestream Dark Field device, we evaluated the effects of fluids on the sublingual microcirculation in 60 patients with severe sepsis. These patients were investigated either within 24 h (early, n = 37) or more than 48 ...
Warwick Richard - - 2010
Organ ischemia, particularly mesenteric and renal, can occur despite a seemingly adequate perfusion flow and pressure during a period of cardiopulmonary bypass. The blood pressure to run bypass at remains a contentious issue. We present the concept that perfusion pressure during cardiopulmonary bypass should be patient specific, depending on an ...
Karcz Marcin M West London Renal and Transplant Centre, Imperial College Kidney and Transplant Institute, Middlesex, United Kingdom. - - 2010
Hypothermic machine perfusion is a well-established preservation method for kidneys that allows for better preservation over longer periods and pretransplant assessment of graft viability. This technique has only sporadically been used for pancreatic grafts. The aim of this study was to establish a hypothermic machine perfusion model for porcine pancreas ...
Van Bommel Jasper - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Esophagectomy with gastric tube reconstruction is the surgical treatment for cancer of the esophagus. Perfusion of the anastomotic site of the tube depends exclusively on microcirculation, making it susceptible to hypoperfusion. It is unknown whether vasodilatation is superior to increased perfusion pressure to improve gastric tissue perfusion of the ...
Haldenwang Peter L - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The effect of perfusion pressure on cerebral hemodynamics and metabolism during selective cerebral perfusion in patients undergoing aortic surgery is still unknown. This study explored cerebral blood flow, metabolic rate, and intracranial pressure at different pressure rates. METHODS: Twenty-five pigs (32-38 kg) were cooled during cardiopulmonary bypass to 25 ...
Woo Hyun Jin - - 2010
Paroxysmal sympathetic storm (PSS), or diencephalic seizure, usually appears in patients with severe traumatic brain injury and is characterized by various sympathetic symptoms. The physiological effects of this syndrome are not well studied. The authors monitored intracranial pressure (ICP) in a patient with PSS and reviewed its impact on the ...
Marinis Athanasios - - 2010
The aims of our study were to evaluate the impact of increased intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) on central nervous system (CNS) cytokines (Interleukin 6 and tumor necrosis factor), lactate and perfusion pressures, testing the hypothesis that intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) may possibly lead to CNS ischemia. Fifteen pigs were studied. Helium pneumoperitoneum ...
Kubota Hiroshi - - 2010
Kitahori, Kawata, Takamoto et al. described the effectiveness of a novel protocol for retrograde cerebral perfusion that included intermittent pressure augmentation for brain protection in a canine model. Based on their report, we applied this novel technique clinically. Although the duration of circulatory arrest with retrograde cerebral perfusion was long, ...
Di Gennaro Jane L - - 2010
Vasopressors are commonly used to increase mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) and cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) after traumatic brain injury (TBI), but there are few data comparing vasopressor effectiveness after pediatric TBI. To determine which vasopressor is most effective at increasing MAP and CPP in children with moderate-to-severe TBI. After ...
Penna Guilherme Loures de Araújo GL Serviço de Terapia Intensiva, Casa de Saúde São José, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, - - 2009
Arterial pulse pressure respiratory variation is a good predictor of fluid response in ventilated patients. Recently, it was shown that respiratory variation in arterial pulse pressure correlates with variation in pulse oximetry plethysmographic waveform amplitude. We wanted to evaluate the correlation between respiratory variation in arterial pulse pressure and respiratory ...
P?rez-Torres Israel - - 2010
Influence of sex on arachidonic acid metabolism, a pathway involved in the link between metabolic syndrome (MS) and renal damage, was studied in isolated perfused kidney. Metabolic syndrome was induced by feeding 30% sucrose solution for 24 weeks to intact and gonadectomized female (Ovx) and male (Cas) rats. Systolic blood ...
Ko Yoshihiro - - 2009
This article has been removed at the request of the Editor-in-Chief. Please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal: (http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy).
Iatridis James C - - 2009
A literature review and new data are presented to evaluate the influence of intervertebral disc (IVD) injury on biomechanics, cellularity, inflammation, and biosynthesis. Literature and new experimental evidence support the hypothesis that localized injury in the disc can lead to immediate and long-term organ level changes in biomechanics and biology ...
Liu Xin - - 2009
This study compared the impact of two perfusates (A: 4.5% BSA-MOPS buffer and B: 4% dextran and 0.5% BSA-MOPS buffer) on the pharmacokinetics of the physiological markers [(3)H]-water, [(14)C]-sucrose, [(14)C]-antipyrine and Evans Blue-labelled albumin; and the drugs atenolol and propranolol using an in-situ single pass perfusion model in the rat ...
den Uil Corstiaan A - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Microcirculatory abnormalities are frequently observed in patients with severe heart failure and correlate to worse outcomes. We tested the hypothesis that nitroglycerin dose-dependently improves perfusion in severe heart failure and that this could be monitored by measuring central-peripheral temperature gradient and with Sidestream Dark Field imaging of the sublingual ...
Kapapa Thomas - - 2010
To minimize the secondary brain damage, we analyzed the effect of cerebral perfusion pressure-orientated management and tried to find factors of clinical management and biochemical findings that influence clinical, cognitive, and psychosocial outcome. Management at intensive care unit was standardized. A standardized (short form 36 health survey) and nonstandardized split ...
Jakobsen J?rn S - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects on the pressure-flow relation of renal pelvic pressure during semirigid ureterorenoscopy and endoluminal perfusion of isoproterenol (ISO) 0.1 microg/mL, with emphasis on local effects and cardiovascular side-effects, as topically administered ISO effectively and dose-dependently causes relaxation of the upper urinary tract in pigs with no ...
Garbade Jens - - 2009
Continuous blood perfusion of donor hearts for transplantation has been the focus of an increasing amount of research, but the optimal preparation and perfusion techniques have not been clearly defined. Therefore, we investigated the effectiveness of different preservation strategies using continuous, normothermic heart perfusion after donor heart harvesting. Hearts of ...
Schmidt Bernhard B Department of Neurology, Chemnitz Medical Center, Dresdner Strasse 178, 09131 Chemnitz, Germany. - - 2009
The purpose of cerebral autoregulation is to keep cerebral blood flow constant during variations of cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP). Recently, the autoregulatory response was reported to be greater during arterial blood pressure (ABP) increase than during decrease following repeated induced changes in ABP in 14 brain-injured subjects. The goal of ...
Blain Grégory M - - 2009
We used extracorporeal perfusion of the reversibly isolated carotid sinus region to determine the effects of specific carotid body (CB) chemoreceptor inhibition on eupneic ventilation (Vi) in the resting, awake, intact dog. Four female spayed dogs were studied during wakefulness when CB was perfused with 1) normoxic, normocapnic blood; and ...
den Uil Corstiaan A - - 2009
Impaired tissue perfusion is often observed in patients with acute heart failure. We tested whether low-dose nitroglycerin (NTG) improves microcirculatory perfusion in patients admitted for acute heart failure. In 20 acute heart failure patients, NTG was given as intravenous infusion at a fixed dose of 33 microg/min. Using Sidestream Dark ...
Sun Tzong-Bor - - 2009
Both hypotension and hypertension aggravate the damage of reperfusion injury after reconstructive microsurgery. The purpose of this study is to establish a theoretical guide for postoperative blood pressure control in optimizing the cutaneous perfusion and flap survival. Systemic arterial pressure was altered by the intravenous infusion of saline, sodium nitroprusside, ...
Murakami Masataka - - 2009
A part of the salivary components are shifted from the blood via a trans- and/or paracellular route. The isolated, arterially perfused, salivary glands (submandibular and parotid glands) were used to assess paracellular transport functionally and morphologically. In the present study, the hydrostatic pressure of the perfusion was changed and the ...
Lindstedt Isak - - 2009
In the present study, we hypothesized that changes in perfusion pressure result in altered expression of mRNA and protein encoding for the ETA-, ETB-, AT1- and AT2-receptors in rat mesenteric vessels. Segments of the rat mesenteric artery were cannulated with glass micropipettes, pressurized and luminally perfused in a perfusion chamber. ...
Garbade Jens - - 2008
Continuous blood perfusion of donor hearts for transplantation has been the focus of an increasing amount of research, but the optimal preparation and perfusion techniques have not been clearly defined. Therefore, we investigated the effectiveness of different preservation strategies using continuous, normothermic heart perfusion after donor heart harvesting. Hearts of ...
Trivedi Monica M Division of Anaesthesia, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, - - 2009
Head injury remains a major cause of preventable death and serious morbidity in young adults. Based on the available evidence, it appears that a cerebral perfusion pressure of 50 to 70 mm Hg is generally adequate to ensure cerebral oxygen delivery and prevent ischemia. However, evidence suggests that perfusion requirements ...
Khoury Wisam - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Variable mechanisms were suggested to mediate the changes in renal hemodynamics during pneumoperitoneum. To assess whether it can be pressure dependent only, we conduct a study in an isolated, pressurized, and perfused organ model. METHODS: Seventy Wistar rat kidneys were perfused with oxygenated, 3% albumin-contained Krebs-Henseleit solution. Experiments took ...
Ogoh Shigehiko - - 2008
On the basis of measurement techniques that require steady-state hemodynamic conditions when the measurement of cerebral blood flow (CBF) is being obtained, cerebral autoregulation (CA) maintains CBF stable over a wide range of cerebral perfusion pressures. When an acute (or dynamic) change in cerebral perfusion pressure (seconds) is imposed, CBF ...
Hoffmann Michael J - - 2008
The repeatability and resolution of the clinical gold standard of vascular assessment, the ankle-brachial index (ABI), was compared to that of a new device that dynamically assesses tissue perfusion during external loading utilizing laser Doppler flowmetry. Eight subjects of varying levels of vascular impairment were tested in successive weeks using ...
Overholser Brian R - - 2008
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the catecholaminergic effects on the duration of ventricular repolarization during inhibition of the rapid component of the delayed rectifier potassium current (I(Kr)). DESIGN: Isolated perfused heart model. SETTING: University research center. ANIMALS: Eighteen male Dunkin-Hartley guinea pigs. INTERVENTION: Hearts were excised and perfused in a retrograde ...
Hsiu Hsin - - 2008
We used laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) and spectrum analysis to investigate the microcirculatory responses to pressure stimulation (PS) of the skin surface. A control group without PS applied, and four groups with different PS (20, 60, 100 and 160 mmHg in groups PS(20), PS(60), PS(100) and PS(160), respectively) were formed ...
Cabrales Pedro - - 2008
O2-carrying fluids based on hemoglobin (Hb) are in various stages of clinical trials to determine their suitability as O2-carrying plasma expanders. Polymerized Hb solutions are characterized by their vasoactivity, low O2 affinity, oncotic effect, prolonged shelf life, and stability. Physiological responses to facilitated O2 transport after exchange transfusion with polymerized ...
Singh Raja B - - 2008
Isolated hearts subjected to ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) exhibit depressed cardiac performance and alterations in subcellular function. Since hearts perfused at constant flow (CF) and constant pressure (CP) show differences in their contractile response to I/R, this study was undertaken to examine mechanisms responsible for these I/R-induced alterations in CF-perfused and CP-perfused ...
Banegas Inmaculada - - 2008
Control of blood pressure is partially accomplished by several proteolytic enzymes included in the renin-angiotensin system. These enzymes produce several peptides that form the active components of the system. Study of these enzymes is essential for a deep understanding of blood pressure control and could offer the possibility of controlling ...
Gabriel Edmo Atique - - 2008
Thirty-two pigs were randomized into group I (aortic cross clamping, antegrade cardioplegia, moderate hypothermia) and group II (normothermia, beating empty heart). Groups were subdivided into subgroups A, B and C, receiving no lung perfusion, perfusion with arterial blood and perfusion with venous blood. Swan-Ganz catheter was used to take mean ...
Ren YiLin - - 2008
Tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF) is the mechanism by which the macula densa (MD) senses increases in luminal NaCl concentration and sends a signal to constrict the afferent arteriole (Af-Art). The kidney expresses constitutively heme oxygenase-2 (HO-2) and low levels of HO-1. HOs release carbon monoxide (CO), biliverdin, and free iron. We ...
Cheng Y - - 2008
The contribution of triacylglycerol to energy provision in the hypertrophied heart, mediated through lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is largely unknown and the contribution of very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) receptor to control of LPL presentation at the endothelium is unclear. For isolated perfused rat hearts, cold acclimation (CA) induced volume-overload hypertrophy, with decreased ...
Stowe David F DF Anesthesiology Research Laboratory, Department of Anesthesiology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226, USA. - - 2008
Donor human hearts cannot be preserved for >5 hours between explantation and recipient implantation. A better approach is needed to preserve transplantable hearts for longer periods, ideally at ambient conditions for transport. We tested whether Lifor solution could satisfactorily preserve guinea pig isolated hearts perfused at low flow with no ...
Theodorou Dimitrios - - 2008
AIMS: To evaluate the impact of the perioperative administration of norepinephrine on the perfusion of the esophageal graft. METHODS: This is an experimental study. Six swine underwent transhiatal esophagectomy; the stomach was used to replace the resected esophagus. We provoked hemorrhagic shock to the animals and then we administered noradrenaline ...
Cabrales Pedro P La Jolla Bioengineering Institute, Department of Bioengineering, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92037, USA. - - 2008
Hemoglobin (Hb) solutions are potential alternatives to blood transfusion when native oxygen (O(2))-carrying capacity is lacking. Polymerized bovine Hb (PBH) solutions are characterized by its vasoactivity, low O(2) affinity, oncotic effect, prolonged shelf life, and stability. Responses to facilitated O(2) transport, after exchange transfusion with PBH, were studied in the ...
He, Yong
Introduction: Vascular cells communicate through gap junctions, which are formed by connexin (Cx) proteins. Cx43 is expressed in both endothelial and smooth muscle cells. Studies have demonstrated alterations in gap junctions with atherosclerosis and hypertension, diseases that involve changes in mechanical forces. However, regulation of arterial gap junctions by mechanical ...
Conhaim Robert L - - 2008
Acute hemorrhage is often followed by devastating lung injury. However, why blood loss should lead to lung injury is not known. One possibility is that hemorrhage rapidly disturbs the distribution of microvascular perfusion at the alveolar level, which may be a triggering event for subsequent injury. We showed previously that ...
Ergün Eser Lay - - 2008
PURPOSE: This study aims to investigate whether induction with metamizol, an analgesic-antipyretic drug having spasmolitic activity, could be used to increase the detectability of ischemic/jeopardized myocardium during MPS (myocardial perfusion scintigraphy). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Metamizol-enhanced rest MPS (45 min after administration of 1 g metamizol orally, 740 MBq (99m)Tc sestamibi ...
Patel Vanlata H - - 2008
4,5-Diaminofluorescein (DAF-2) has been used to measure nitric oxide (NO) activity from a variety of preparations. The aim of this study was to develop a method to assess changes in NO fluorescence using DAF-2 in isolated rabbit hearts (2.0-2.5 kg, n = 8). Hearts were perfused in constant flow Langendorff ...
Doughty Michael J - - 2008
PURPOSE: To quantitatively assess the effects of pH on the corneal stroma under an applied hydrostatic pressure. METHODS: Sclera-stroma preparations from adult sheep eyes were perfused with isotonic mixed salts solutions at 37 degrees C for 9 hr under an applied hydrostatic pressure and then fixed for electron microscopy. RESULTS: ...
Ramond Amandine - - 2008
The use of chemotherapeutic agents, such as anthracycline or trastuzumab, in oncology is limited by their cardiac toxicity. Recent experimental studies suggest that recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) can be considered as a protective agent because its administration protects against cardiac ischemic injury, improving functional recovery, and reducing cell death. The ...
Müller Michael - - 2008
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The severity of associated soft tissue trauma in complex injuries of the extremities guides fracture treatment and decisively determines patient's prognosis. Trauma-induced microvascular dysfunction and increased tissue pressure is known to trigger secondary soft tissue damage and seems to adversely affect skeletal muscle function. METHODS: 20 patients with ...
Bytautiene Egle - - 2008
The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of a mast cell degranulating agent, compound 48/80, on vascular resistance in the perfused human placenta and on the tone of isolated human chorionic vessels. Human placenta was obtained from term nonlaboring women undergoing cesarean delivery. Placental vascular bed perfusion ...
Gernhardt Christian Ralf - - 2008
This study evaluated the influence of defined pressure application before light-curing on the tensile bond strength (TBS) of two adhesive systems to wet and perfused dentin. Bonding sites were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to assess morphological changes. Dentin discs from 120 human third molars were prepared in such ...
Trejo Humberto E - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Mechanical obstruction has been considered the prime determinant of haemodynamic changes after pulmonary embolism (PE); however, the function of vasoconstrictive and inflammatory mediators in the physiopathology of this disease is unclear. The aim of this investigation was to study the effect of an anti-inflammatory and a vasodilator ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >