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Results 151 - 200 of 1580
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Chen Li - - 2013
Objective: To assess zero drift of intraventricular and subdural intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring systems. Methods: A prospective study was conducted in patients who received Codman ICP monitoring in the neurosurgical department from January 2010 to December 2011. According to the location of sensors, the patients were ca- tegorized into two ...
Perkins Zane B - - 2013
The acutely injured brain is sensitive to fluctuations in blood pressure. During tracheal intubation, airway stimulation provokes acute surges in blood pressure that have the potential to cause further harm in patients with intracranial pathology. Although reduced consciousness is thought to suppress airway reflexes, its influence on these hemodynamic reflexes ...
Kail Jochem - - 2013
River biota are influenced by anthropogenic pressures that operate at different spatial scales. Understanding which pressures at which spatial scales affect biota is essential to manage and restore degraded rivers. In Europe, many river reaches were designated as Heavily Modified Water Bodies (HMWB) according to the European Water Framework Directive ...
Varsos Georgios V - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Critical closing pressure (CCP) denotes a threshold of arterial blood pressure (ABP) below which brain vessels collapse and cerebral blood flow ceases. Theoretically, CCP is the sum of intracranial pressure (ICP) and arterial wall tension (WT). The aim of this study is to describe the behavior of CCP and ...
Pulitanò Silvia - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP) improves oxygenation by optimizing alveolar recruitment and reducing intrapulmonary shunt. Unfortunately, PEEP can interfere with intracranial pressure (ICP) by increasing intrathoracic pressure. We hypothesized that the use of different PEEP levels could have an effect on intracranial and cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP), gas exchange, ...
Stein Deborah M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: We asked whether continuous intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring data could provide objective measures of the degree and timing of intracranial hypertension (ICH) in the first week of neurotrauma critical care and whether such data could be linked to outcome. METHODS: We enrolled adult (>17 years old) patients admitted to our ...
Akanyeti Otar - - 2013
In underwater locomotion, extracting meaningful information from local flows is as desirable as it is challenging, due to complex fluid-structure interaction. Sensing and motion are tightly interconnected; hydrodynamic signals generated by the external stimuli are modified by the self-generated flow signals. Given that very little is known about self-generated signals, ...
Biedler Andreas - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the applicability of the laryngeal tube (LT) size 2 and the classical laryngeal mask airway (LMA) size 2 in different head-neck positions under positive pressure ventilation in children by measuring leak pressures, peak pressures and the achievable tidal volumes under positive ...
Lazaridis Christos - - 2013
Cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP)-oriented therapy and the Lund concept lie on opposite ends of the CPP scale, in the management of head injury. Optimization of CPP by monitoring cerebral vascular pressure reactivity is an alternative approach that may reconcile these two divergent approaches, preventing both injurious hypotension and hypertension with ...
Chan Samuel H H - - 2013
Significance: There is now compelling evidence to substantiate the notion that, by depressing baroreflex regulation of blood pressure and augmenting central sympathetic outflow through their actions on the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) and rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM), brain stem nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) are important ...
Tikkakoski Antti J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: Hypertension is characterized by increased vascular resistance and arterial stiffness, but information about upright hemodynamics is scarce. We compared hemodynamics in hypertensive versus normotensive patients at rest and during passive head-up tilt. METHODS:: Volunteers (n = 387, 19-72 years) without antihypertensive medication were recorded using continuous tonometric pulse wave analysis and ...
Yokote Akiyoshi - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: One of the goals of cranial vault expansion performed in patients with craniosynostosis (CS) is to reduce the harmful effects associated with elevated intracranial pressure (ICP). Until now, clear guidelines on when cranial vault expansion should take place have not been established except in unacceptable cosmetic deformities. MATERIALS AND ...
Mellion Sarah A - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:: To evaluate high-dose barbiturates as a second-tier therapy for pediatric refractory intracranial hypertension complicating severe traumatic brain injury. DESIGN:: This is a retrospective cohort study of children with refractory intracranial hypertension treated with high-dose barbiturates. SETTING:: A single center level I pediatric trauma from 2001 to 2010. PATIENTS:: Thirty-six ...
Giacometti Paolo P Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth, 14 Engineering Drive, Hanover, NH 03755, USA. - - 2013
A noninvasive head probe that combines near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and electroencephalography (EEG) for simultaneous measurement of neural dynamics and hemodynamics in the brain is presented. It is composed of a compliant expandable mechanism that accommodates a wide range of head size variation and an elastomeric web that maintains uniform sensor ...
Zuj K A - - 2013
Syncope from sustained orthostasis results from cerebral hypoperfusion associated with reductions in arterial pressure at the level of the brain (BPMCA) and reductions in arterial CO2 as reflected by end-tidal values (PetCO2). It was hypothesized that reductions in PetCO2 increase cerebrovascular tone before a drop in BPMCA that ultimately leads ...
Taibbi Giovanni - - 2013
Ocular structural and functional changes, including optic disk edema and reduction of near visual acuity, have been recently described in some astronauts returning from long-duration space travels. It is hypothesized that ocular changes related to spaceflight may occur, in predisposed individuals, as a result of cephalad shift of body fluids, ...
Takagi Hisato - - 2013
A previous meta-analysis of six randomized head-to-head trials suggests that the blood pressure (BP)-lowering capabilities of telmisartan may be comparable to those of valsartan. We performed an updated meta-analysis of telmisartan vs. valsartan therapy for the reduction of BP in hypertensive patients. MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Central Register of ...
Poli Sven - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Therapeutic hypothermia improves clinical outcome after cardiac arrest and appears beneficial in other cerebrovascular diseases. We conducted this study to investigate the relationship between surface head/neck cooling and brain temperature. METHODS: Prospective observational study enrolling consecutive patients with severe ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke undergoing intracranial pressure (ICP) ...
Zhu Haitao - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Specific pathophysiological mechanism in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) at high altitude is unclear, and at present, there is no relevant and suitable animal model. METHODS: A hypobaric chamber was used to simulate an altitude of 4,000 m. Autologous arterial blood (3 ml) was slowly infused into the right basal ganglia of minipigs ...
Soehle Martin - - 2013
Physiological parameters, such as intracranial pressure (ICP), are regulated by interconnected feedback loops, resulting in a complex time course. According to the decomplexification theory, disease is characterised by a loss of feedback loops resulting in a reduced complexity of the time course of physiological parameters. We hypothesized that complexity of ...
Griesdale Donald Eg - - 2013
ABSTRACT: The observational literature suggests that hypernatremia is associated with worse outcomes in patients with traumatic brain injury. In a previous issue of Critical Care, Wells and colleagues add to this literature by failing to show an association between hypernatremia and reduced intracranial pressure. However, we must bear in mind ...
Kocan Mary Jo - - 2013
Patients with neurologic illness or injury benefit from early interventions to increase physical activity and mobility, but they also have special needs related to hemodynamic stability and intracranial pressure dynamics. After brain injury, moving paralyzed limbs-even passively-helps promote neural plasticity, "rerouting" signals around the injured area and forming new connections, ...
Akutsu Nobuyuki - - 2013
In cases of severe uncontrollable brain swelling, simple skin closure often increases intracranial pressure. This study examined the efficacy of a new technique of decompressive skinplasty to decrease intracranial pressure following decompressive craniectomy in cases of severe traumatic brain injury with uncontrollable brain swelling. In our technique, we use artificial ...
Zhang Yin-Gang - - 2013
Because negative pressure can stimulate vascular proliferation, improve blood circulation and promote osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow stromal cells, we investigated the therapeutic effect of negative pressure on femoral head necrosis (FHN) in a rabbit model. Animals were divided into four groups (n = 60/group): [1] model control, [2] core decompression, [3] ...
Harrigan T P - - 2013
The skull-brain complex is typically modeled as an integrated structure, similar to a fluid-filled shell. Under dynamic loads, the interaction of the skull and the underlying brain, cerebrospinal fluid, and other tissue produces the pressure and strain histories that are the basis for many theories meant to describe the genesis ...
Hamlyn John M - - 2013
Endogenous cardiotonic steroids (CTS) exert long-term effects on salt and blood pressure homeostasis. Here we discuss recent observations on mechanisms of salt sensitivity that involve endogenous ouabain and novel pathways in the brain and discuss their possible relationship to arterial and renal function in hypertension. Chronic elevation of brain sodium ...
Aung Thein - - 2013
The baroreceptors in the neck and aortic arch are important regulators of sudden blood pressure changes. They are innervated by CN IX and X and synapse in the brainstem. Baroreceptor failure is an under-recognized cause of recurrent syncope, orthostatic hypotension, and volatile hypertension, which is refractory to and may in ...
Stuebner Eva - - 2013
Non-motor symptoms are now commonly recognized in Parkinson's disease (PD) and can include dysautonomia. Impairment of cardiovascular autonomic function can occur at any stage of PD but is typically prevalent in advanced stages or related to (anti-Parkinsonian) drugs and can result in atypical blood pressure (BP) readings and related symptoms ...
Schoon Yvonne - - 2013
Carotid sinus hypersensitivity has a high prevalence in the elderly and is a possible cause of falls. In carotid sinus hypersensitivity, external triggers cause sudden reductions in blood pressure, leading to dizziness or syncope, resulting in falls. Turning of the head is considered an important example of such an external ...
Rangamani Padmini - - 2013
We present here a procedure for growing lipid tubules in vitro. This method allows us to grow tubules of consistent shape and structure, and thus can be a useful tool for nano-engineering applications. There are three stages during the tubule growth process: initiation, elongation and termination. Balancing the forces that ...
Aleksandrowicz M - - 2013
Hyponatremia is a common disorder of water-electrolyte balance characterized by the decrease of plasma sodium ions concentration below 135 mM. Although water-electrolyte balance is regulated by a kidney, symptoms of hyponatremia are related to the disturbances of intracranial homeostasis and are attributed to brain swelling. Despite the importance of blood ...
Krbila S - - 2013
 Objective: The aim of the study was to assess (i) a group of patients with established intracranial pressure (ICP) sensor in severe brain injuries scoring 3 points of Glasgow Coma Scale, (ii) mortality and survival of the patients within periods of 7, 30, 180 and 270 days; and (iii) predictive value ...
Roy Chowdhury Uttio U Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, United States of - - 2013
Reduced intracranial pressure is considered a risk factor for glaucomatous optic neuropathies. All current data supporting intracranial pressure as a glaucoma risk factor comes from retrospective and prospective studies. Unfortunately, there are no relevant animal models for investigating this link experimentally. Here we report a novel rat model that can ...
Hocker Sara E SE Division of Critical Care Neurology, Mayo Clinic Rochester, MN, - - 2013
Although the effects of opioids on intracranial pressure (ICP) have long been a subject of controversy, they are frequently administered to patients with severe head trauma. We present a patient with an uncommon paradoxical response to opioids. A patient with refractory intracranial hypertension after closed head injury was managed with ...
Güiza Fabian - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: Intracranial pressure monitoring is standard of care after severe traumatic brain injury. Episodes of increased intracranial pressure are secondary injuries associated with poor outcome. We developed a model to predict increased intracranial pressure episodes 30 mins in advance, by using the dynamic characteristics of continuous intracranial pressure and mean ...
Rodríguez-Boto G - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Many brain processes that cause death are mediated by intracranial hypertension (ICH). The natural course of this condition inevitably leads to brain death. The objective of this study is to carry out a systematic review of cerebral pathophysiology and intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring. DEVELOPMENT: Studying, monitoring, and recording ICP ...
Ropper Allan H - - 2012
The brain, despite its sophistication, resides in a rudimentary container. The rigid cranium restricts enlargement of its contents, so that intracranial pressure rises rapidly as brain volume expands. When pressure becomes greatly elevated, cerebral blood flow is impeded, and the result is brain death. For this reason, the reduction of ...
Chesnut Randall M RM Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Washington, Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, WA 98104, USA. - - 2012
Intracranial-pressure monitoring is considered the standard of care for severe traumatic brain injury and is used frequently, but the efficacy of treatment based on monitoring in improving the outcome has not been rigorously assessed. We conducted a multicenter, controlled trial in which 324 patients 13 years of age or older ...
Roth Christian - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Physiotherapy plays an important role in the therapy of patients with acute cerebral diseases. Studies concerning the effects of physiotherapy on intracerebral pressure (ICP) and cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) are, however, rare. METHODS: An observational study was performed on critically ill patients who were receiving ICP measurements and who ...
Uğraş Gülay Altun - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Although endotracheal suctioning is a routine nursing intervention, this procedure can lead to an increase in intracranial pressure (ICP). This study was planned to determine the appropriate suctioning technique (open system suctioning [OS] and closed system suctioning [CS]) to minimize variability of ICP and cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) in ...
Linsler Stefan - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: LiquoGuard is a new device for intracranial pressure (ICP)-controlled drainage of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). This present study evaluates the accuracy of ICP measurement via the LiquoGuard device in comparison with Spiegelberg. Thus, we compared data ascertained from simultaneous measurement of ICP using tip-transducer and tip-sensor devices. MATERIAL AND METHODS: ...
Varsos Georgios V GV Neurosurgical Unit, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Division of Neurosurgery, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, UK. - - 2013
Critical closing pressure (CCP) is the arterial blood pressure (ABP) at which brain vessels collapse and cerebral blood flow (CBF) ceases. Using the concept of impedance to CBF, CCP can be expressed with brain-monitoring parameters: cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP), ABP, blood flow velocity (FV), and heart rate. The novel multiparameter ...
Villar Rodrigo - - 2013
This study hypothesized that central and local reflex mechanisms affecting vascular conductance (VC) through the popliteal artery compensated for the reduction in muscle perfusion pressure (MPP) to maintain popliteal blood flow (PBF) during head-down tilt (35˚ HDT), but not in head-up tilt (45˚ HUT). Resting measurements were made on 15 ...
Weenink Robert P - - 2012
Cerebral arterial gas embolism (CAGE) is well known as a complication of invasive medical procedures and as a risk in diving and submarine escape. In the underwater environment, CAGE is caused by trapped air, which expands and leads to lung vessel rupture when ambient pressure decreases during ascent. Pressure decrease ...
Eley Karen A - - 2012
: In a small number of children with unicoronal synostosis, the phenotype is mild and the aesthetic benefit of surgical correction is potentially outweighed by surgical risk. Raised intracranial pressure, however, would necessitate intervention. The authors documented the incidence of raised intracranial pressure in children with mild features and/or parental ...
Park Jin Suk - - 2012
This study was designed to assess the effects of pneumoperitoneal pressure (PP) and positional changes on the respiratory mechanics during laparoscopy assisted colectomy. Peak inspiratory pressure, plateau pressure, lung compliance, and airway resistance were recorded in PP of 10 mmHg and 15 mmHg, with the position change in 5 steps: ...
Porta A A Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, Galeazzi Orthopedic Institute, University of Milan, Milan, Italy. - - 2012
It is unclear whether the complexity of the variability of the systolic arterial pressure (SAP) provides complementary information to that of the heart period (HP). The complexity of HP and SAP variabilities was assessed from short beat-to-beat recordings (i.e., 256 cardiac beats). The evaluation was made during a pharmacological protocol ...
Somkuti Judit - - 2012
Contrary to the classical view, according to which all proteins adopt a specific folded conformation necessary for their function, intrinsically unstructured proteins (IUPs) display random-coil-like conformation under physiological conditions. We compared the structured and unstructured domains from titin, a giant protein responsible for striated-muscle elasticity. A 171-residue-long fragment (polyE) of ...
Sheth Kevin N - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Detecting and treating elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) is a cornerstone of management in patients with severe traumatic brain injury. The aim of this study was to determine the association between area under the curve measurement of elevated ICP and clinical outcome. METHODS: Single center observational study using prospectively collected ...
Al-Jehani Hosam M - - 2012
Management of intracranial hypertension is a major cornerstone of neurocritical care. Apart from traumatic brain injury, there are no clear guidelines for intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring. The insertion of ICP monitors is an invasive procedure with inherent risks and could be contraindicated in case of severe coagulopathy. The transcranial Doppler ...
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