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Results 551 - 600 of 1599
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Tanhehco E J - - 2000
Both free radicals and complement activation can injure tissue. Our study determined whether free radicals alter complement production by the myocardium. Isolated hearts from New Zealand White rabbits were perfused on a Langendorff apparatus and exposed to xanthine (X; 100 microM) plus xanthine oxidase (XO; 8 mU/ml) (X/XO). The free ...
Linakis J G - - 2000
To determine if lithium exerts direct cardiac toxicity, using an isolated, perfused rat heart model, paced and unpaced beating rat hearts were perfused with Krebs-Henseleit bicarbonate solution and left ventricular pressures were measured via a balloon-tipped catheter positioned in the left ventricle via the mitral valve. Following a stabilization period, ...
Keevil V L - - 2000
Changes in cardiac gap junction expression, such as those following myocardial infarction and produced in connexin knockout mice, are associated with a predisposition to arrhythmias. The present experiments investigated the effects of heptanol, a reversible gap junction inhibitor, on isolated Langendorff-perfused rabbit hearts. The introduction and withdrawal of heptanol inhibited ...
Richter O - - 2000
Experimental perfusion of various organs has primarily been used in transplantation medicine to study the physiology, pathophysiology and metabolism of tissues and cells. The purpose of this study was to establish an experimental model for the extracorporeal perfusion of the human uterus with recirculation of a modified, oxygenated Krebs-Henselait solution, ...
Gerbino A J - - 2000
Endotoxin increases ventilation-to-perfusion ratio (VA/Q) heterogeneity in the lung, but the precise changes in alveolar ventilation (VA) and perfusion that lead to VA/Q heterogeneity are unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine how endotoxin affects the distributions of ventilation and perfusion and the impact of these changes on ...
Suchkova V N - - 2000
BACKGROUND: We have shown previously that 40-kHz ultrasound (US) at low intensity accelerates fibrinolysis in vitro with little heating and good tissue penetration. These studies have now been extended to examine the effects of 40-kHz US on thrombolysis and tissue perfusion in a rabbit model. METHODS AND RESULTS: Treatment was ...
Garlick P B - - 2000
NMR spectroscopy is an invaluable technique in metabolic investigations of isolated, perfused hearts. Most studies employ global perfusion methods together with an NMR coil that surrounds the heart and thus detects signals from its entirety. The present report describes the construction and testing of a novel, two surface-coil probe, in ...
Sjögren L S - - 2000
We recently discovered that patients with essential hypertension have a markedly impaired capacity for stimulated release of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) from vascular endothelium. This defect may reduce the chance of timely spontaneous thrombolysis in case of an atherothrombotic event. We now investigated whether increased intraluminal pressure as such may ...
Ehinger A M - - 2000
In vivo, tissue distribution of intra-mammarily administered antibiotics is mostly only assessed by sampling milk and blood. Therefore, the described study analysed whether measurement of tissue concentrations makes sense in vitro instead. Isolated bovine udders were perfused with gassed and warmed Tyrode solution. To four front and rear quarters each, ...
Nankervis C A - - 2000
Newborn intestine is uniquely prone to vasoconstriction in response to a wide variety of perturbations. To test the hypothesis that endothelin (ET)-1 is an important factor in this process, we determined the effects of exogenous ET-1 administration and blockade of endogenous ET-1 in vivo and in vitro in 3- and ...
Falck G - - 2000
The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of the Na+/K+/2Cl- co-transporter and the Na+/H+ exchanger on contractile function and electrolyte regulation during hyperosmotic perfusion of the heart. Langendorff perfused rat hearts were subjected to hyperosmolal perfusion in 10-min intervals. Perfusates were made hyperosmotic by adding mannitol ...
Richter S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Current organ shortage has led to a reconsideration of non-heart-beating cadaveric donation. METHODS: We assessed the effectivity of dual, i.e., arterial and portal-venous versus exclusive, arterial gravity perfusion for procurement of rat livers after 30 min and 60 min of cardiac arrest, analyzing the rate and homogeneity of microvascular ...
Rossoni G - - 2000
In a previous paper we gave evidence that chronic oral defibrotide antagonizes the noxious effect of developing atherosclerosis in the cardiovascular system. In the present paper we give evidence that defibrotide is still capable of exerting beneficial effects on cardiovascular function once atherosclerosis is established. In fact, there was statistically ...
Semplicini A - - 2000
Focal cerebral hypoperfusion is a common finding in uncomplicated hypertensives even in the absence of large vessel atherosclerosis, and neuropsychological deficits correlate with cerebral hypoperfusion in hypertensive patients with cerebral microangiopathy. We investigated the effects on cerebral perfusion of the dihydropiridine calcium antagonist lacidipine and of hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) in asymptomatic ...
Arildsson M - - 2000
Local topical analgesia changes basal skin perfusion and its regulation. In particular, the response induced by local heating, which in nontreated skin comprises a rapidly increased perfusion followed by a normalization within 30 s, is altered to a delayed and persistent perfusion increase. The response dependency to the analgesia cream ...
Stangl M J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: In the present study, a technique for computer-assisted, normothermic, oxygenated, ex vivo, recirculating small bowel perfusion was established as a tool to investigate organ pretreatment protocols and ischemia/reperfusion phenomena. A prerequisite for the desired setup was an organ chamber for ex vivo perfusion and the use of syngeneic whole ...
Chamot S R - - 2000
The relationship between blood flow and ocular perfusion pressure in the iris vascular bed of the human eye has not been established yet. Consequently, it is not known whether the iris circulation has some autoregulatory capacity. The aim of the present study was to investigate this relationship in the particular ...
Zhang J - - 2000
Hyperthermochemotherapeutic perfusion model through isolated pelvic vessels was developed to evaluate the leakage of hyperthermia and drugs (such as adriamycin) from the isolated pelvic circulation to systemic circulation and its associated side/toxic effects. The isolated pelvic circulation was perfused through a femoral artery catheter with hyperthermic (48 degrees C to ...
Andlauer W - - 2000
Resveratrol, which is present in grapes, wine and peanuts, is believed to possess chemoprotective properties such as anticarcinogenic effects and to provide protection against cardiovascular diseases. Little is known, however, about its intestinal absorption. We investigated the absorption and metabolism of resveratrol by using an isolated preparation of luminally and ...
Müller-Berger S - - 1999
In the present experiments on microdissected tubules of rabbit kidney we present a refined stop-flow method for determining the rate of HCO3- absorption (J(HCO3)) or H+ secretion (JH) that can be applied to isolated microperfused tubules. Using the pH-sensitive indicator dye BCECF (2',7'-bis [2-carboxyethyl]-5[6]-carboxyfluorescein) the luminal perfusate pH is continuously ...
Lachenbruch C A - - 1999
A network thermodynamic model has been devised to describe the coupled movement of water and a permeable additive within a kidney during perfusion under the combined action of diffusive, hydrodynamic, and mechanical processes. The model has been validated by simulating perfusions with Me2SO, glycerol, and sucrose and comparing predicted weight ...
Ide H - - 1999
The effects of airway (AH) and vascular hypoxia (VH) on the production of nitric oxide (NO; VNO) were tested in isolated buffer-perfused (BFL) and blood-perfused rabbit lungs (BLL). To produce AH and/or VH, the lung was ventilated with 1% O(2) gas, and/or the perfusate was deoxygenated by a membrane oxygenator ...
Guppy L J - - 1999
We previously reported findings consistent with a marked upregulation in functional L-type voltage-operated calcium channels (L-VOCCs) in hearts obtained from rats exposed over the long term to ethanol. These experiments were undertaken to establish whether detrimental effects on cardiac function were associated with excess calcium entry into the myocardium in ...
Ichihara A - - 1999
This study was designed to examine the contribution of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in the afferent arteriolar autoregulatory responses to increases in perfusion pressure and its relationship with neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS). In rat kidneys, afferent arteriolar diameter responses to increases in perfusion pressure were assessed in vitro with the blood-perfused ...
Ubbink D T - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Various vasoconstriction mechanisms after a change in posture are involved in controlling skin blood flow and capillary transmural pressure to maintain adequate transcapillary exchange. The role of venous orthostatic pressure in the regulation of capillary nutritive perfusion, however, is less clear. DESIGN: We investigated capillary perfusion in 30 healthy ...
Heringlake M - - 1999
The findings about mechanisms regulating production and excretion of urodilatin [ANP-(95-126)], a member of the atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) family, are controversial. To elucidate a possible relationship between arterial blood pressure and renal urodilatin excretion, we studied the effects of different perfusion pressures on urine flow (UV), urinary sodium (U(Na)V), ...
Belfort M A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Data are accumulating to suggest that cerebral perfusion pressure may be either abnormally high or low in preeclampsia and eclampsia. Little is known of the cerebral perfusion pressure effects of magnesium sulfate or nimodipine. Our objective in this study was to compare the change in cerebral perfusion pressure in ...
Liu X K - - 1999
Recent clinical observations indicate that female gender is associated with a higher risk of developing torsades de pointes (TdP) cardiac arrhythmia. In this study, we used the Langendorff technique in isolated perfused rabbit hearts and the whole-cell patch-clamp technique in ventricular myocytes to examine the gender difference in TdP incidence ...
Patel S - - 1999
The effect of varying local skin temperature on surface pressure-induced changes in skin perfusion and deformation was determined in hairless fuzzy rats (13.5+/-3 mo, 474+/-25 g). Skin surface pressure was applied by a computer-controlled plunger with corresponding skin deformation measured by a linear variable differential transformer while a laser Doppler ...
Horgan A F - - 1999
PURPOSE: Lower limb compartment syndrome has been reported to occur after colorectal, urological, and gynecological procedures during which the patient's lower limbs are elevated for prolonged periods of time. METHOD: We investigated lower limb perfusion in a group of patients undergoing prolonged pelvic surgery both during and immediately after surgery, ...
Lindström K E - - 1999
Recently, we were able to modify the glomerular charge barrier using perfusates with low and normal ionic strengths keeping the osmolality unchanged. The concentration of fixed charges was reversibly reduced from 35 to 12 mEq L-1 as the solution with low content of NaCl was introduced with no apparent effect ...
Yamamoto H - - 1999
We developed an ex vivo model of arterially perfused rat duodenum to examine the motor activity of intestine. In this preparation, spontaneously occurring pressure waves with regular rhythm were observed. The oxygen consumption and motor activity of the intestine were compared at different arterial perfusion rates to determine the degree ...
Pasini E - - 1999
We have characterized the aerobic blood-perfused isolated heart model evaluating the hemodynamics and metabolism of both the blood donor animal and the isolated organ. Anaesthesia of the blood donor with sodium pentobarbital (30 mg/kg) increases arterial concentration of non esterified fatty acids (NEFA) from 80 +/- 6 to 452 +/- ...
Melsom M N - - 1999
Despite a remarkable gravity independent heterogeneity in both local pulmonary ventilation and perfusion, the two are closely correlated at rest and during exercise in the normal lung. These observations strongly indicate that there is a mechanism for coupling of the two so that local V/Q-ratio is kept fairly uniform throughout ...
Lakey J R - - 1999
Effective intraductal delivery of the enzyme collagenase into the pancreas is crucial to the subsequent ability to isolate viable islets. Most clinical islet transplant centers load the enzyme into the pancreas by retrograde injection using a syringe following cannulation of the pancreatic duct. An alternative approach is to perfuse the ...
Falck G - - 1999
Perturbations of the extracellular osmotic environment leads to cell volume changes. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of hyperosmolality on cardiac contractile function and in particular the role of ionic mechanisms anticipated to be operative during hyperosmolal exposure. Paced rabbit hearts were perfused in the ...
Ozturk T - - 1999
Midazolam is known to cause a dose-dependent increase and decrease in the contractile force of the myocardium. Whether flumazenil can reverse these effects of midazolam remains unclear. In this study, we determined the cardiac effects of midazolam and the counter effect of flumazenil on midazolam-induced myocardial depression in isolated rabbit ...
Haugen G - - 1999
BACKGROUND: To investigate the vascular resistance and the vasoactive effects of serotonin in arteries from single umbilical artery (SUA) cords. METHODS: The preparations were sampled from 10 patients with SUA cords. The control group (n=20) was matched according to gestational age, birth weight percentile, blood pressure and proteinuria. The arterial ...
Befroy D E - - 1999
To determine the contribution of changes in extracellular osmolarity to ischemic injury, isolated guinea pig hearts were perfused with hyposmotic (220 mosM) or hyperosmotic (380 mosM) buffer. 31P NMR spectroscopy was used to follow changes in intracellular pH (pHi) and energetics. Hyposmotic buffer decreased myocardial developed pressure by 30 +/- ...
Schwerte T - - 1999
The effects of &bgr;-adrenergic stimulation, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), adenosine, the nitric oxide (NO)-releasing agent sodium nitroprusside and of metabolic end-products of gas gland cell metabolism on swimbladder blood flow were investigated using saline- or blood-perfused swimbladder preparations of the freshwater European eel Anguilla anguilla. While &bgr;-adrenergic vasodilation was not ...
Herrman E C - - 1999
This study describes alterations in skin perfusion in response to step increases in surface pressure, before and after long-term (5 hr) exposure to pressure-induced ischemia. A provocative test was developed in which surface pressure was increased in increments of 3.7 mmHg until perfusion reached an apparent minimum by a computer-controlled ...
Meier-Hellmann A - - 1999
Adequate volume loading may be the most important step in the treatment of patients with septic shock. Techniques allowing us to achieve and tightly control volume loading and regional perfusion are considered to be helpful. An elevated oxygen delivery may be beneficial in some patients but the increase of oxygen ...
Ubbink D T - - 1999
In the treatment of distal esophageal pathology, surgical mobilization and exteriorization of the thoracic esophagus can be necessary. This may threaten its vascularization. We investigated the effect of longitudinal dissection and distal transsection on the microcirculatory perfusion of the canine esophagus. Esophageal perfusion and muscular oxygenation were investigated in 11 ...
Siaghy E M - - 1999
Microdialysis is an established technique for measuring the kinetics of various neurotransmitters within the extracellular space in the field of neurochemistry. Recently, its use has been extended to sampling in other tissues, including liver, kidney and the heart. A persistent problem in cardiac microdialysis concerns two parameters related to myocardial ...
Kromer B M - - 1999
1. 8-epi prostaglandin (PG) F2alpha, a vasoconstrictor isoprostane, is synthesized under conditions of oxidative stress. This study was undertaken to investigate the vasoconstrictor effect of 8-epi PGF2alpha in the coronary circulation before and after a period of oxidative stress. 2. The effects of the isoprostane 8-epi PGF2alpha and the thromboxane ...
Pilati P L - - 1999
Based on the premise that optimal drug delivery might improve the efficacy of locoregional treatment for solid tumors, the authors set up an experimental model for isolation perfusion in surgical specimens from patients resected for carcinoma of the colon. Ten surgical specimens were cannulated, washed internally and externally with saline ...
Belfort M A - - 1999
Eclampsia continues to be a major cause of maternal morbidity and mortality rates, especially in underdeveloped nations. Our data indicate that eclampsia may represent the end stage of at least two very different pathophysiological pathways: one in which cerebral perfusion is low because of vasospasm and another in which cerebral ...
Slovut D P - - 1999
A goal of clinicians caring for heart transplant recipients has been to use heart rate variability as a noninvasive means of diagnosing graft rejection. The determinants of beat-to-beat variability in the surgically denervated heart have yet to be elucidated. We used an isolated, blood buffer-perfused porcine heart preparation to quantitatively ...
Hermens F H - - 1999
The use of non-heartbeating (NHB) donor kidneys has led to the search for new methods of viability-testing. We investigated, in a canine model, the relationship between the filtration of dextran 12, 000 into urine and a certain period of warm ischemic time (WIT) during machine perfusion. Twenty-four canine kidneys were ...
Nazeyrollas P - - 1999
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of amifostine on an isolated perfused rat-heart model and its protective activity with regard to cardiotoxic doxorubicin perfusion. METHODS: Langendorff constant-pressure isolated rat-heart preparations were used to analyze the effects of the drugs during a 40-min period of perfusion after a 20-min stabilization interval. The ...
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