Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1639
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Streif Jörg U G - - 2005
The absolute perfusion and the intracapillary or regional blood volume (RBV) in murine myocardium were assessed in vivo by spin labeling magnetic resonance imaging. Pixel-based perfusion and RBV maps were calculated at a pixel resolution of 469 x 469 mum and a slice thickness of 2 mm. The T(1) imaging ...
Hancock S M - - 2005
The role of vascular tone in determining cerebral perfusion pressure is increasingly being appreciated. It has been suggested that zero flow pressure, the arterial pressure at which blood flow ceases, represents the effective downstream pressure of the cerebral circulation. Nitrous oxide is a cerebral vasodilator and may therefore decrease zero ...
An Ding - - 2005
Given the importance of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) in cardiac and vascular pathology, the objective of the present study was to investigate whether the beta-agonist isoproterenol (Iso) influences cardiac LPL. Incubation of quiescent cardiomyocytes with Iso for 60 min had no effect on basal, intracellular, or heparin-releasable (HR)-LPL activity. Similarly, Iso ...
Southworth R - - 2005
The buffer-perfused Langendorff heart is significantly vasodilated compared with the in vivo heart. In this study, we employed ultrasound to determine if this vasodilation translated into changes in left ventricular wall thickness (LVWT), and if this effect persisted when these hearts were switched to the "working" mode. To investigate the ...
Yalcin Ozlem - - 2005
The role of red blood cell (RBC) aggregation as a determinant of in vivo blood flow is still unclear. This study was designed to investigate the influence of a well-controlled enhancement of RBC aggregation on blood flow resistance in an isolated-perfused heart preparation. Guinea pig hearts were perfused through a ...
Wang Qingtian - - 2005
Artificial heart (AH) and ventricular assist devices (VAD) are widely used in the clinical setting to assist severe heart failure patients. The concept of direct cardiac compression (DCC) has been in use for several decades and has advantages over intravascular VAD. The process involves compressing the dysfunctional heart from its ...
't Hart N A - - 2005
Hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP) provides better protection against cold ischemic injury than cold storage in marginal donor kidneys. Also, in liver transplantation a switch from static cold storage to HMP could be beneficial as it would allow longer preservation times and the use of marginal donors. A critical question concerning ...
Holst Uffe - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of endoluminal norepinephrine (NE) on transport pressures of the normal upper urinary tract of the pig and on plasma levels of NE in relation to possible systemic effects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Six anaesthetized pigs weighing approximately 39 kg were studied. Transparenchymally, two 6-F catheters were ...
Heintz Anke - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The mechanisms underlying hypercapnic coronary dilation remain unsettled. This study tests the hypothesis that flow dependent NO production is obligatory for the hypercapnic flow response. METHODS/RESULTS: In isolated, constant pressure (CP) perfused guinea pig hearts a step change of arterial pCO(2) from 38.6 to 61.4 mm Hg induced a ...
Habib M M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Organs retrieved from marginal and non-heart-beating donors (NHBDs) have sustained variable degrees of preretrieval damage that result in an increased incidence of complications. Normothermic extracorporeal liver perfusion (NELP) provides an opportunity to evaluate and resuscitate such organs. The aim of this study was to identify markers of ischemic injury ...
Gürtler Ulrich - - 2004
Although a few experimental approaches to isolated limb perfusion (ILP) are described in the literature, none of these animal models mimics the clinical perfusion techniques adequately to improve the technique of ILP on the basis of valid preclinical data. Therefore, we developed an ILP setup in rats allowing online monitoring ...
Wang Qingtian - - 2004
Artificial hearts and ventricular assist devices have been widely used clinically to assist patients with severe heart failure. Unfortunately, direct contact between the device and the patient's blood leads to thromboembolic events, and then the need for anticoagulation and infections contribute significantly to complication and mortality. Compressing the dysfunctional heart ...
Adolphs Jörn - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether sympathetic blockade by means of thoracic epidural anaesthesia (TEA) increases intestinal perfusion during normotensive endotoxaemia. DESIGN: A prospective, randomised and controlled animal study. SETTING: Animal laboratory in a university hospital. SUBJECTS: Sprague-Dawley male rats. INTERVENTIONS: The rats were anaesthetised with urethane and ketamine, mechanically ventilated and ...
Schmidt B - - 2004
Chemonociception in the human small intestine has not been studied extensively. Although capsaicin can cause intestinal sensations, it is not known if this is due to stimulation of chemoreceptors or to motor changes. Our aims were to evaluate motor activity during capsaicin induced nociception and to compare qualities of jejunal ...
Itti Emmanuel - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The assessment of lung ventilation by radionuclide imaging has proved useful for the optimization of aerosol therapy in children with cystic fibrosis. Further analysis of lung perfusion may provide additional information. METHODS: Quantitative analysis of regional lung aerosol distribution (Tc phytates) and perfusion (Tc macroaggregates) homogeneity was performed in ...
Huang Lei - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In settings of cardiac arrest, reestablishing vital organ perfusion plays an important role in initial CPR. As a pharmacologic intervention, vasopressor agents aim to improve aortic diastolic pressure and, consequently, coronary and cerebral perfusion pressures. RECENT FINDINGS: Historically, adrenergic agonists such as epinephrine have been suggested for ...
Wittek Thomas - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare abomasal luminal gas pressure and volume and perfusion of the abomasum in dairy cows with a left displaced abomasum (LDA) or abomasal volvulus (AV). ANIMALS: 40 lactating dairy cows (25 with an LDA and 15 with an AV). PROCEDURE: Abomasal luminal gas pressure and volume and pulse ...
Durand S - - 2004
Previous investigations of autoregulatory mechanisms in the control of skin blood flow suffer from the possibility of interfering effects of the autonomic nervous system. To address this question, in 11 subjects cutaneous vascular responses were measured during acute changes in perfusion pressure (using Valsalva maneuver; VM) before and after ganglionic ...
Kanetaka T - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: In the assessment of Raynaud's phenomenon, objective evaluation of digital microcirculatory flow is important, and so we investigated whether the measurement of laser Doppler skin perfusion pressure could be of use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten fingers of five patients with secondary Raynaud's phenomenon due to systemic sclerosis, 22 fingers ...
van der Plaats Arjan - - 2004
To overcome the present shortage of liver donors by expansion of the existing donor pool and possibly lengthening of the storage time, hypothermic machine perfusion of the liver as a dynamic preservation method is revisited. The three most important aspects are defined to be the type of preservation solution, the ...
Steiner Luzius A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To directly compare the cerebrovascular effects of norepinephrine and dopamine in patients with acute traumatic brain injury. DESIGN: Prospective randomized crossover trial. SETTING: Neurosciences critical care unit of a university hospital. PATIENTS: Ten acutely head-injured patients requiring vasoactive drugs to maintain a cerebral perfusion pressure of 65 mm Hg. ...
Casey S O - - 2004
A 13-year-old girl with a renal transplant presented with hypertension and seizures. CT and MRI demonstrated typical bilateral parietal, occipital and posterior frontal cortical and subcortical edema, thought to represent posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome. The cause was presumed to be hypertension. Antihypertensive therapy was started, lowering of the blood pressure ...
Bunegin Leonid - - 2004
A prototype design of a portable, pulsatile, perfusion preservation device based on a novel application of fluidics technology was tested to evaluate its ability to oxygenate preservation solution and to examine the relationship between organ resistance, perfusion pressure, and perfusion flow characteristics. The effects of organ resistance on pulse rate, ...
Chorro Francisco J - - 2004
We investigated the electrophysiological actions of dofetilide upon the ventricular myocardium to determine whether the drug modifies the inhibitory effects of subthreshold stimuli trains upon ventricular refractoriness. In nine Langendorff perfused rabbit hearts, ventricular epicardial electrodes were used to determine the following parameters at baseline and during dofetilide perfusion (0.5 ...
Markiewicz Włodzimierz - - 2004
A moderate number of delicate CGRP-immunoreactive (CGRP-IR) varicose nerve terminals were found at the adventitia-media border of the sexually mature porcine ovarian artery by means of a routine single immunolabelling technique. Additionally, a pharmacological analysis was performed of the function fulfilled by alpha-CGRP and its C-terminal fragment (Tyr27) alpha-CGRP(27-37) in ...
Pagliaro P - - 2004
In isolated rat hearts which can or cannot utilize fatty acids (FA) as substrates the coronary responses to an increase in flow were studied under three different conditions: a) control, during perfusion with glucose-enriched Tyrode solution which allowed the hearts to utilize long-chain FA from the endogenous pool, b) during ...
Muehling Olaf M - - 2004
The knowledge of myocardial perfusion in healthy volunteers is fundamental for evaluation of patients with ischemic heart disease. The study was conducted to determine range, regional variability, and transmural gradient of myocardial perfusion in normal volunteers with Magnetic Resonance Perfusion Imaging (MRPI). Perfusion was assessed in 17 healthy volunteers (age: ...
Asano Takahisa - - 2004
The effect of hemodilution with Neo Red Cell (NRC, liposome-encapsulated hemoglobin) on myocardial perfusion was evaluated in cross-circulated rat hearts under 300-bpm pacing and 100-mmHg perfusion pressure. In NRC-transfused hearts (n = 5), NRC volume fraction and hematocrit were 9% +/- 3% and 22% +/- 4%, respectively; the latter decreased ...
Hillis A E - - 2004
We carried out baseline and short-term follow-up MRI, including perfusion-weighted imaging (PWI) and tests of neurologic and cognitive function on 15 consecutive patients with large-vessel ischemic stroke who showed a persistent large perfusion-diffusion mismatch at enrollment up to seven days after the onset of symptoms. Of these, ten underwent induced ...
Månsson Sven - - 2003
The ability to quantify pulmonary diffusing capacity and perfusion using dynamic hyperpolarized (129)Xe NMR spectroscopy is demonstrated. A model of alveolar gas exchange was developed, which, in conjunction with (129)Xe NMR, enables quantification of average alveolar wall thickness, pulmonary perfusion, capillary diffusion length, and mean transit time. The technique was ...
Nandate Koichiroh - - 2003
We studied the effects of pneumoperitoneum on gastric submucosal perfusion metabolism during elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LASC) by measuring the PCO(2) gap, defined as the difference between intramucosal PCO(2) and arterial PCO(2), using gas tonometry in 20 patients. Furthermore, we examined whether thoracic epidural anesthesia (TEA) affects gastric submucosal perfusion metabolism ...
Champion Hunter C - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Viral gene transfer to the whole heart in vivo has been achieved in several mammalian species but remained difficult to accomplish in murine hearts. We postulated that a key impediment derives from the use of proximal aortic occlusion during virus injection, because this eliminates coronary perfusion gradients in mice ...
Sutherland Fiona J - - 2003
1. Owing to the considerable potential for manipulating the murine genome and, as a consequence, the increasing availability of genetically modified models of cardiovascular diseases, the mouse is fast becoming a cornerstone of animal research. However, progress in the use of various murine preparations is hampered by the lack of ...
Tannergren Christer - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to investigate the main in vivo transport mechanisms of fexofenadine involved in the intestinal absorption and bioavailability of the drug in humans. METHODS: A jejunal single-pass perfusion study was performed in 10 healthy volunteers. Each experiment lasted for 200 minutes and was divided into 2 periods ...
Heijnen Bob H M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We attempted to assess liver ischemia/reperfusion injury under a mild decrease in core liver temperature of 10 degrees C by in situ hypothermic perfusion during ischemia. METHODS: Liver ischemia was induced in pigs by total hepatic vascular exclusion with concomitant in situ perfusion with hypothermic (4 degrees C) Ringer-glucose ...
Ba Zheng F - - 2004
Although gender differences exist in cardiovascular endothelial function, it remains unclear whether such differences are also seen in small intestinal endothelial function. To determine this, untreated male, age-matched proestrus female, castrated male, and 17beta-estradiol (E2)-treated noncastrated male rats were studied. Dose response curves to ACh and nitroglycerin (NTG) were determined ...
Dittrich R - - 2003
The objective of this study was to establish an experimental model for extracorporeal perfusion of swine uterus. In order to validate this model, we examined some biochemical parameters and determined the effect of oxytocic drugs (Oxytoxin, Prostaglandin E (2)) on extracorporeal perfused swine uteri. Thirty swine uteri were perfused with ...
Ståhl N - - 2003
We describe a penumbra zone with increased biochemical vulnerability in cerebral cortex underlying an evacuated acute subdural haematoma. Two microdialysis catheters were placed in this zone and one catheter was placed in the opposite, less injured hemisphere. The microdialysis perfusates were analysed bedside for glucose, pyruvate, lactate, glutamate, and glycerol. ...
Lehtipalo Stefan - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the net effects of the concomitant use of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) and dopexamine on intestinal tissue perfusion and oxygenation during predefined artificial reductions in intestinal perfusion pressure (IPP). DESIGN: Prospective, self-controlled, experimental study. SETTING: University hospital research laboratory. SUBJECTS: Seven female pigs. MEASUREMENTS: In barbiturate-anesthetized pigs, ...
Kroppenstedt Stefan-Nikolaus - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Reduction of cerebral perfusion during the early phase after traumatic brain injury is followed by a later phase of normal to increased perfusion. Thus, pharmacologically elevating mean arterial blood pressure with the aim of improving cerebral perfusion may exert different time-dependent effects on cortical perfusion, microcirculation, tissue oxygenation and ...
Nygren Andreas - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of norepinephrine alone and norepinephrine combined with dopamine on jejunal mucosal perfusion, gastric-arterial pCO(2) gradient, and global splanchnic oxygen demand-supply relationship after cardiac surgery. DESIGN: A prospective interventional study. SETTING: A university cardiothoracic intensive care unit. PATIENTS: Eighteen patients were studied during propofol sedation and ...
Bennett Lee Ann T - - 2003
Active vasodilatation (AVD) in human, non-glabrous skin depends on functional cholinergic fibres but not on acetylcholine (ACh). We tested whether AVD is a redundant system in which ACh and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) are co-released from cholinergic nerves. (1) We administered VIP by intradermal microdialysis to four discrete areas of ...
Holst U - - 2003
PURPOSE: We evaluated the effects of norepinephrine on transport pressures in the normal upper urinary tract of the pig during increasing perfusion rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Anesthetized Danish landrace Yorkshire pigs weighing 38 to 40 kg were studied. Transparenchymally 2, 6Fr catheters were introduced into the left renal pelvis for ...
Carvajal Karla - - 2003
The metabolic pathways involved in ATP production in hypertriglyceridemic rat hearts were evaluated. Hearts from male Wistar rats with sugar-induced hypertriglyceridemia were perfused in an isolated organ system. Mechanical performance, oxygen uptake and beat rate were evaluated under perfusion with different oxidizable substrates. Age- and weight-matched animals were used as ...
Daley Joseph C JC - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to examine hemodynamic responses to graded muscle reflex engagement in human subjects. We studied seven healthy human volunteers [24 +/- 2 (SE) yr old; 4 men, 3 women] performing rhythmic handgrip exercise [40% maximal voluntary contraction (MVC)] during ambient and positive pressure exercise (+10 ...
Myers Gerard J - - 2003
The occurrence of sudden increases in premembrane pressures and membrane pressure differentials has drawn considerable attention and debate in the perfusion community. Several terms have been applied to this phenomenon, but the term that best describes this event is "high-pressure excursion" (HPE). The exact causes of HPE are still uncertain, ...
Mayrovitz Harvey N - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of pressure-relief magnitude on heel blood flow. DESIGN: 12 healthy subjects (5 male, 7 female; 21 to 43 years of age) lay on a support surface for 50 minutes with 1 heel on the end cell of the support surface. Cell pressure was computer controlled ...
Nogueira Ana Cristina - - 2003
The aim of this study was to characterize functional parameters in the isolated and normothermic hemoperfused porcine beating heart model after pathophysiological stimuli for extended perfusion periods. Hearts were prepared and connected to a specially developed perfusion equipment, which simultaneously allowed perfusion with warm autologous blood as well as blood ...
Lisbon Alan - - 2003
Inadequate splanchnic perfusion in the critically ill compromises the gut barrier leading to bacterial translocation, which is postulated to cause multiorgan dysfunction and failure. Inotropic agents such as dopexamine, dobutamine, and dopamine may have a role in increasing splanchnic perfusion, thereby protecting this area from further injury. This article examines ...
Ruffolo Daria C - - 2003
Adequate tissue oxygenation is one of the main therapeutic goals for the critically ill patient. Until recently, the perfusion status of the critically ill and injured has been assessed by global indices such as blood pressure, heart rate, and urine output. However, these global parameters are inadequate in that they ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >