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Results 401 - 450 of 1690
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Frank Steven M - - 2002
Postoperative hypothermia increases the incidence of ischaemic cardiac events in patients at risk, but the underlying mechanism is unclear. One possibility is increased cardiac work related to the sympathoneural or adrenomedullary hormonal responses. In awake human volunteers, the present study assessed the effects of mild core hypothermia on these responses, ...
Gregg M Elizabeth - - 2002
A quantitative, theory-driven model of hemodynamics was developed, relating reactivity in blood pressure to orthogonal dimensions of "hemodynamic profile" and "compensation deficit," which were derived from the (multiplicative) interaction of cardiac output and total peripheral resistance. A Finapres 2300e was used to estimate blood pressure, cardiac output, and total peripheral ...
Bengtsson Jan - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Simple, preferably noninvasive measurements of cardiac output are useful in pediatric patients receiving inotropic support. Oxygen saturation in pulmonary artery (Svo(2)) gives information about oxygen delivery and demand. Many inotropic drugs influence oxygen consumption. When effects on Svo(2) are studied, after a change in inotropic drug dosage, a change ...
Tachibana Kazuya - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Recently, a new device has been developed to measure cardiac output noninvasively using partial carbon dioxide (CO(2)) rebreathing. Because this technique uses CO(2) rebreathing, the authors suspected that ventilatory settings, such as tidal volume and ventilatory mode, would affect its accuracy: they conducted this study to investigate which parameters ...
Mulder A L - - 2001
Fetal responses to acute hypoxemia include bradycardia, increase in blood pressure, and peripheral vasoconstriction. Peripheral vasoconstriction contributes to the redistribution of the cardiac output away from ancillary vascular beds toward myocardial, cerebral, and adrenal circulations. We investigated the effect of alpha-adrenergic receptor blockade on this fetal response. Fluorescent microspheres were ...
Schou M - - 2001
Previous results from our laboratory indicate that the heart is distended by the left lateral position (LAT) compared to horizontal supine (SUP). We therefore tested the hypothesis that cardiac output is increased by LAT and that mean arterial pressure is maintained unchanged or even decreased through peripheral vasodilatation induced by ...
Lamont L A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cardiovascular effects of the alpha2-adrenergic receptor agonist medetomidine hydrochloride in clinically normal cats. ANIMALS: 7 clinically normal cats. PROCEDURE: Cats were anesthetized with isoflurane, and thermodilution catheters were placed for measurement of central venous, pulmonary, and pulmonary capillary wedge pressures and for determination of cardiac output. ...
Ruiz-Feria C A - - 2001
Previous studies have suggested cardiac taurine is released into the plasma in response to hypoxemia (low blood oxygen levels) during the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension syndrome (PHS, ascites). In the present study, broilers reared under cool temperature conditions (16 C) were provided tap water (control group), tap water supplemented with ...
Kennedy R R - - 2001
Cardiac output is one of the major determinants of the rate of uptake, and therefore the end-expired concentration (F(E')) of volatile anaesthetic agents. The purpose of this theoretical study was to explore the effect of cardiac output changes on F(E') for a range of volatile anaesthetics. A multicompartment model of ...
Perry S F - - 2001
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of endothelin-l-elicited cardiovascular events on respiratory gas transfer in the freshwater rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and the marine dogfish (Squalus acanthias). In both species, endothelin-1 (666 pmol kg(-1)) caused a rapid (within 4 min) reduction (ca. 30-50 mmHg) in ...
Gruhn N - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Arterial blood pressure and cardiac output are often reduced in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Counterregulatory mechanisms with increased neurohormonal activation and changes in the distribution of cardiac output are assumed to secure vital organ perfusion. However, clinical examination of patients with CHF frequently reveals neurological ...
Phoon C K - - 2001
Knowledge of early developmental circulatory physiology has lagged behind advances in molecular cardiology. Cardiovascular physiology changes during embryonic development in a highly complex and carefully orchestrated manner, tightly correlated with structural development. Circulatory changes in early development include increasing heart rate, preload, and cardiac output; decreasing peripheral resistance; and increasing ...
Harper S L - - 2001
Adult crayfish have a neurogenic heart which is modulated via inputs from the central nervous system and neurohormones, which act on the cardiac ganglion or directly on the myocardium. This study investigates the ontogeny of cardiac regulation by exploring the temporal sequence of cardiac sensitivity to injections of cardioactive neurohormones ...
Wiesenack C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical value of a new device (PiCCO) for cardiac output measurement and volume preload parameter assessment, based on transpulmonary thermodilution technique, as an alternative to the pulmonary artery thermodilution technique and assessment of pressure preload parameters derived from the pulmonary artery catheter. DESIGN: Prospective, controlled, clinical ...
Razavi R S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Alagille's syndrome is a rare condition that is characterized by paucity of interlobular bile ducts and peripheral pulmonary artery stenosis. Liver transplantation in the setting of peripheral pulmonary stenosis and right ventricular hypertension seems to be associated with a higher mortality, which raises the concern that these patients are ...
Kasznicki J - - 2001
The aim of the present study was to establish the effect of intravenous administration of indomethacin (10 mg/kg), potent inhibitor of prostaglandin synthesis, on hemodynamic parametrs after intravenous administration of propranolol (0.3 mg/kg) and enalaprilat (0.5 mg/kg) in rabbits. The following parameters were estimated: mean arterial blood pressure, heart rate, ...
Gersbach P A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The effects of thoracolumbal spinal cord stimulation (SCS) are confined to restricted microcirculatory areas. This limitation is generally attributed to a predominantly segmental mode of action on the autonomic nervous system. The goal of this study was to determine whether SCS applied close to supraspinal autonomic centers would induce ...
Cariga P - - 2001
Oral water ingestion increases blood pressure in normal elderly subjects and in patients suffering from autonomic failure, but the time course of the haemodynamic changes is not known. We therefore studied 14 subjects with documented sympathetic denervation due to pure autonomic failure, with continuous haemodynamic recordings obtained before and after ...
Buhre W - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Measurements of intrathoracic blood volume (ITBV) provide volumetric information about cardiac preload and are used to investigate the cause of alterations in cardiac output (CO). On the other hand, CO is required to calculate ITBV. Thus, concerns have been raised with respect to a mathematical coupling of data. The ...
Cotter G - - 2001
This study investigated the effect of tezosentan (an intravenous endothelin-1 receptor antagonist) on vascular resistance and cardiac function and determined the dose response in patients with stable congestive heart failure (CHF) due to left ventricular systolic dysfunction. In a double-blind fashion, tezosentan or placebo were administered in ascending doses (5, ...
Arora R C - - 2001
We sought to determine the behavior of intrinsic cardiac neurons in human subjects undergoing cardiac surgery and to correlate their activity with hemodynamics status. A lead II electrocardiogram, pulmonary artery pressure, and systemic arterial pressure were recorded along with extracellular activity generated by right atrial neurons in 10 patients undergoing ...
Sitbon P - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted with the aim of testing the effects of a reduction in tidal volume (V(T)) on gastric mucosal perfusion using laser-Doppler flowmetry in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). DESIGN: It was designed as a prospective study. PATIENTS: Seventeen patients with ARDS were enrolled in ...
Nelson L D - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical significance of mathematical coupling on the correlation between cardiac output and right ventricular end-diastolic volume (RVEDV) through measurement of cardiac output by two independent techniques. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. SETTING: Surgical intensive care unit in a level 1 trauma center. PATIENTS: Twenty-eight critically ill surgical ...
García-Delgado M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of dopamine- and dobutamine-induced increases in cardiac output on the extravascular lung water in an experimental model of pulmonary edema. DESIGN: Animal experimental study. SETTING: Animal experimental laboratory of a tertiary hospital. SUBJECTS: Mixed-race pigs (n = 20) weighing 28-32 kg. INTERVENTIONS: After the animals ...
Parsonage W A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To characterise the central and regional haemodynamic effects of insulin in patients with chronic heart failure. DESIGN: Single blind, placebo controlled study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. PATIENTS: Ten patients with stable chronic heart failure. INTERVENTIONS: Hyperinsulinaemic euglycaemic clamp and non-invasive haemodynamic measurements. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Change in resting heart ...
Mariano-Goulart D - - 2001
The aim of this preliminary study was to evaluate the accuracy of left and right ventricular output computed from a semi-automatic processing of tomographic radionuclide ventriculography data (TRVG) in comparison with the conventional thermodilution method. Twenty patients with various heart diseases were prospectively included in the study. Thermodilution and TRVG ...
Clark D I - - 2001
In a prospective, controlled study, we measured the effect on cardiac output of the introduction of methylmethacrylate during hemiarthroplasty for displaced fractures of the femoral neck. We treated 20 elderly patients who were similar in age, height, weight and preoperative left ventricular function with either cemented or uncemented hemiarthroplasty. Using ...
Rivers R J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The authors developed an indicator dilution technique for small animals to repeatedly determine cardiac output and blood volume without cardiac instrumentation or blood sampling. METHODS: Observations were made in the hamster (N = 32, 70 mg/kg pentobarbital) cremaster using in vivo fluorescence videomicroscopy. Fluorescein isothiocyanate-conjugated bovine serum albumin (10 ...
Paganel F - - 2001
The effects of digitalis on the baroreflexes in human chronic heart failure have been well studied. Similarly, since it has been recently shown that chemoregulation remains generally effective during cardiac failure, the goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of a chronic administration of digoxin on the chemoreflexes. ...
Ordoñez A - - 2001
INTRODUCTION: Paraaortic or external aortic counterpulsation is been investigated as a definitive ventricular assistance in cases of terminal congestive heart failure and when heart transplantation is counterindicated. Our aims is to assess the haemodynamic effects of an descending aortomyoplasty in a biological model of congestive heart failure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Ripplinger C M - - 2001
Aside from the traditional diagnostic tools used to assess cardiac performance, such as blood pressure and cardiac output, cardiac source parameters can also be used as an indication of overall cardiac health. The cardiac source parameters under investigation are myocardial visco-elastic properties. The objective of this study is to model ...
Donovan F M FM - - 2001
Cardiac output is measured by the thermal dilution method which uses a quadruple lumen catheter, with a thermistor on the tip, through the right atrium, right ventricle and into the pulmonary artery. Cold saline is injected into the right atrium and the resulting pulmonary artery temperature profile is integrated. The ...
Grant C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine if a commonly used analgesic dose of xylazine has detrimental cardiovascular or haemodynamic effects in sheep. DESIGN: A physiological study following intramuscular administration of xylazine. PROCEDURE: Xylazine (50 micrograms/kg) was injected intramuscularly into six healthy Merino ewes. For 60 min heart rate, mean arterial blood pressure and ...
Olsson K - - 2001
Echocardiography and Doppler measurements were performed to investigate changes in heart dimensions and function during pregnancy, lactation and the non-pregnant, non-lactating (dry) period in dairy goats. Eight Swedish domestic goats (Capra hircus) were studied with two-dimensional (2DE), M-mode and continuous wave Doppler measurements. Cardiac dimensions did not differ between periods. ...
Kirch W - - 2001
BACKGROUND: For the past two decades, it has generally been accepted ('Blaustein hypothesis') that cardiac glycosides such as ouabain and digoxin increase the sodium and calcium content of smooth muscle cells, so inducing arterial vasoconstriction and a rise in blood pressure. Recent data from an experimental study we carried out ...
Lester S J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The psychoactive stimulant 3, 4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), also known as "ecstasy," is widely used in nonmedical settings. Little is known about its cardiovascular effects. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the acute cardiovascular effects of MDMA by using transthoracic two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography. DESIGN: Four-session, ascending-dose, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. SETTING: Urban hospital. PATIENTS: ...
Krueger U - - 2000
BACKGROUND: A prospective, randomised study was undertaken to investigate the effect of intravenous infusion of either iloprost, the stable prostacyclin (PGI2) analogue, or alprostadil (prostaglandin E1) on peripheral resistance (PR) during femoro-distal reconstruction. METHODS: A prospective randomised study was performed with 35 patients. The PR Measurement of peripheral resistance involved ...
King M L - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Controversy surrounds the use of resistance exercise in patients with heart failure because of concerns that increases in rate-pressure product and systemic vascular resistance might lead to increased afterload and decreased cardiac output. METHODS: Following pharmacologic left ventricular unloading therapy using a pulmonary artery catheter, 34 patients with advanced ...
Scardo J A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the capacity of a new thoracic electric bioimpedance system to estimate cardiac output in patients with preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a prospective comparison of thoracic electric bioimpedance and echocardiographic M-mode volumetric estimates of cardiac output (in liters per minute) in preeclampsia. Subjects with preeclampsia ...
Augoustides J - - 2000
Surgery on the central blood pump, the heart, is performed either to prevent homeostatic compromise (ie, coronary artery disease potentially causing myocardial infarction and heart failure) or to treat actual homeostatic imbalance (ie, valvular disease causing heart failure). The cardiovascular homeostatic state is what we generally define as hemodynamics. The ...
Wiktorowska-Owczarek A - - 2000
Some of anesthetic drugs cause cardiac arrhythmia, myocardial depression, blood pressure as well as hepatic and renal blood flow decrease. The aim of the following research study was the evaluation of midazolam effect on hemodynamic parameters in propranolol-treated rabbits. The following parameters: cardiac output and stroke volume, peripheral blood resistance, ...
Kirkebø A - - 2000
The haemodynamic responses to arachidonic acid (AA) have been investigated in seven groups of anaesthetized rats. Sodium arachidonate was infused intravenously for 4 or 20 min, and arterial blood pressure was recorded continuously. Cardiac output and organ blood flow were measured by microspheres. Infusion of arachidonate caused first a fast ...
Kaklamanos I G - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Advanced laparoscopic procedures require prolonged pneumoperitoneum. Increased intra-abdominal pressure causes a number of hemodynamic changes including a drop in cardiac output, but it is unclear whether there is a direct effect on cardiac contractility. In this experimental study, we sought to determine whether there is a direct impact of ...
Rutter N - - 2000
AIM: To examine the cardiovascular effects of an intravenous bolus of morphine, 100 microg/kg, in 17 ventilated preterm infants. METHODS: Heart rate and blood pressure were monitored. Right ventricular output, superior vena caval flow, and the width of the ductus arteriosus were measured by Doppler echocardiography 10 and 60 minutes ...
Ebert T J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: This study determined the responses to increasing plasma concentrations of dexmedetomidine in humans. METHODS: Ten healthy men (20-27 yr) provided informed consent and were monitored (underwent electrocardiography, measured arterial, central venous [CVP] and pulmonary artery [PAP] pressures, cardiac output, oxygen saturation, end-tidal carbon dioxide [ETCO2], respiration, blood gas, and ...
Mimassi N - - 2000
The cardiovascular effects of centrally and peripherally administered synthetic trout urotensin (U)-I, a member of the corticotropin-releasing hormone family of neuroendocrine peptides, were investigated in unanesthetized rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Intracerebroventricular injections of U-I (5.0 and 12.5 pmol) produced a sustained increase in mean dorsal aortic blood pressure (P(DA)) without ...
Artrip J H - - 2000
Direct cardiac compression improves effective ventricular contractility. However, associated reductions in filling volumes and increases in arterial pressure occurring at the onset of direct cardiac compression limit the degree to which cardiac output is augmented. We tested the hypothesis that active preload and afterload control maximizes the hemodynamic effectiveness of ...
Bunc M - - 2000
Cardiac output is one of the important parameters used in evaluation of heart function. A turbine which works on mechanical principles was designed. It is also suitable for cardiac output measurements on isolated pig hearts in cases where some other equipment is not, like on doppler effect based transducers. The ...
DiCorte C J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Perioperative management of cardiac surgical patients frequently mandates measurements of cardiac output and left ventricular filling. This study compared cardiac output and left ventricular filling measured by pulmonary artery (PA) catheter and esophageal Doppler monitor (EDM). METHODS: Thirty-four patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting were prepared by implanting a ...
Basdogan F - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The sonographic technique of automated cardiac output measurement (ACM) is a promising new method to measure cardiac output and could be of use in a high-risk obstetric unit in the treatment of pre-eclamptic patients. The aim was to determine the accuracy of the ACM method. DESIGN: Comparative study of ...
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