Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 1699
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Cecconi Maurizio - - 2010
Pulse pressure analysis algorithms are commonly used to measure cardiac output and to allow for the rational titration of therapy in critically ill patients. The ability of these algorithms to accurately track changes in stroke volume (and cardiac output) is thus very important. Most of the currently available algorithms can ...
Zhang Guanqun - - 2010
We recently proposed a technique to estimate relative cardiac output (CO) change by unique long time interval analysis (LTIA) of a radial arterial blood pressure waveform. Here, we evaluated the technique in 169 critically ill patients, while comparing it to previous "pulse contour analysis" techniques, using the public MIMIC II ...
Sugimachi Masaru - - 2010
In our extended Guyton's model, the ability of heart to pump blood is characterized by a cardiac output curve and the ability of vasculature to pool blood by a venous return surface. These intersect in a three-dimensional coordinate system at the operating right atrial pressure, left atrial pressure, and cardiac ...
Camporota Luigi - - 2010
The accuracy of the arterial pressure-based cardiac output FloTrac-Vigileo system remains unacceptably low during haemodynamic instability. Data show that the measurement of cardiac output (CO) is strongly influenced by changes in factors that affect arterial blood pressure (ABP) - for example, vascular tone and compliance and the arterial site - ...
Hamzaoui Olfa - - 2010
We sought to examine the cardiac consequences of early administration of norepinephrine in severely hypotensive sepsis patients hospitalized in a medical intensive care unit of a university hospital. We included 105 septic-shock patients who already had received volume resuscitation. All received norepinephrine early because of life-threatening hypotension and the need ...
Takeda Norifumi - - 2010
Fibroblasts, which are the most numerous cell type in the heart, interact with cardiomyocytes in vitro and affect their function; however, they are considered to play a secondary role in cardiac hypertrophy and failure. Here we have shown that cardiac fibroblasts are essential for the protective and hypertrophic myocardial responses ...
Nakagawa Kiyoshi - - 2010
In management of canine cardiac disorders, cardiac drugs are commonly administered with food, although the cardiovascular effects of feeding and frequency of feeding are unknown. This study investigated the cardiovascular effect of feeding and frequency of feeding using a telemetry monitoring system in unanesthetized and unrestrained dogs. Systolic and diastolic ...
Zangrillo Alberto - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The authors investigated the accuracy and precision of the pressure recording analytic method (PRAM) in cardiac index measurement compared with thermodilution in unstable patients, a setting in which minimally invasive monitoring devices often fail. DESIGN: Criterion standard. SETTING: Intensive care unit. PATIENTS: Thirty-two consecutive patients with low cardiac output ...
de Jong R M - - 2009
Haemodynamic monitoring may potentially lead to improved quality of care in haemodynamic compromised patients. However, the usefulness of invasive techniques using the pulmonary artery catheter is questioned. Noninvasive techniques which provide data on haemodynamics might provide a good alternative. New techniques have been developed in recent years to monitor cardiac ...
Anderson K J - - 2010
To investigate whether the established reductions in heart rate and cardiac output with hyperoxia in humans are primary effects or secondary to increases in systemic vascular resistance, we paced the hearts of nine patients with permanent pacemakers at a fixed rate when breathing either medical air (inspired O(2) fraction 0.21) ...
Breuer T - - 2010
NT-proXNP, a new natriuretic peptide analyte, incorporates information about the concentrations of both N-terminal pro-atrial and pro-brain natriuretic peptides (NT-proANP, NT-proBNP). We aimed to investigate whether NT-proXNP is a reliable indicator of the cardiac index (CI) and the hemodynamic state in neonates and infants undergoing an open heart surgery. We ...
Duffy Amanda L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the agreement between cardiac output (CO) measured by use of arterial pressure waveform analysis (PulseCO) and lithium dilution (LiDCO) in conscious dogs with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). ANIMALS: 14 dogs with naturally occurring SIRS. PROCEDURES: Pulse power analysis was performed on critically ill patients with a ...
Breukers Rose-Marieke B G E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Mathematical coupling may explain in part why cardiac filling volumes obtained by transpulmonary thermodilution may better predict and monitor responses of cardiac output to fluid loading than pressures obtained by pulmonary artery catheters (PACs). METHODS: Eleven consecutive patients with hypovolaemia after coronary surgery and a PAC, allowing central venous ...
Benington Steve - - 2009
BACKGROUND: For decades the pulmonary artery catheter has been the mainstay of cardiac output monitoring in critically ill patients, and pressure-based indices of ventricular filling have been used to gauge fluid requirements with acknowledged limitations. In recent years, alternative technologies have become available which are minimally invasive, allow beat-to-beat cardiac ...
Booth Justin H - - 2009
Biventricular pacing (BiVP) can optimize cardiac output (CO) in patients after cardiac surgery, so devices that calculate continuous CO from arterial pressure may be a useful tool. We investigated PulseCO for measuring CO during optimization by comparison with aortic flow probe measurement. Seven patients in the Biventricular Pacing After Cardiac ...
Vojtovic Pavel - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Delayed sternal closure is used to prevent low cardiac output syndrome in selected newborns shortly after cardiac surgery for congenital cardiac defects. Sternal closure itself often causes haemodynamic and ventilatory instability that cannot be entirely assessed by standard monitoring means. Therefore, we used transpulmonary thermodilution technique for an exact ...
Turcott Robert G - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Determination of hemodynamic status is central to arrhythmia management in the inpatient setting. In contrast, therapy decisions in implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) are based exclusively on the arrhythmia's electrical signature. Hemodynamic sensing in ICDs would allow tailoring of therapy according to perfusion status. Subcutaneous photoplethysmography (PPG) is an attractive ...
Shih Andre - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare cardiac output (CO) measured by use of lithium dilution (LiDCO) and ultrasound velocity dilution (UDCO) in conditions of high, intermediate, and low CO in anesthetized foals. DESIGN: Original prospective study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Six foals 1-3 days of age (38-45 kg). INTERVENTIONS: Neonatal foals were ...
Casagrande Giustina - - 2009
Uremic patients are prone to heart damage as a consequence of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) presence and hemodialysis treatment. Arteriovenous fistula induces hand ischemic syndrome and cardiac work increase, thus determining cardiac insufficiency in the medium to long term. This work investigates the cardiovascular mechanics evolution induced by the fistula presence. ...
Trca S - - 2010
Operations in the pleural cavity are connected with circulatory changes in pulmonary circulation and general changes of hemodynamics. These changes are influenced by the position of patient's body on the operation table and by the introduction of artificial pneumothorax. Thoracoscopy is an advanced surgical approach in thoracic surgery, but its ...
Supinski G S GS Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536-0284, USA. - - 2009
Sepsis elicits severe alterations in cardiac function, impairing cardiac mitochondrial and pressure-generating capacity. Currently, there are no therapies to prevent sepsis-induced cardiac dysfunction. We tested the hypothesis that administration of a mitochondrially targeted antioxidant, 10-(6'-ubiquinonyl)-decyltriphenylphosphonium (MitoQ), would prevent endotoxin-induced reductions in cardiac mitochondrial and contractile function. Studies were performed on ...
Kwapisz Myron M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: After surgical repair of congenital heart disease, inotropic support is sometimes necessary to wean from cardiopulmonary bypass. In pediatric cardiac surgery, dobutamine and dopamine are often used as inotropic support. Dopexamine is a synthetic catecholamine, which has positive inotropic and vasodilating properties. Because the hemodynamic effects of catecholamines are ...
Palza Humberto - - 2009
Despite the practical importance of polymer melt instabilities, there is still a lack of experiments able to characterize in situ the origin and behavior of these phenomena. In this context, a new set-up consisting of high sensitive pressure transducers located inside a slit-die and an advanced mathematical framework to process ...
Mutoh Tatsushi - - 2009
Early hemodynamic assessment is of particular importance for adequate cerebral circulation in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), but is often precluded by the invasiveness and complexity of the established cardiac output determination techniques. We examined the utility of an uncalibrated arterial pressure-based cardiac output monitor (FloTrac) for intraoperative and ...
Sabharwal Nikki - - 2009
Mannitol is the most commonly used hyperosmotic agent in neurosurgery. Being an agent that increases intravascular volume by withdrawing water from the brain, it may cause significant changes in stroke volume (SV), cardiac output (CO), systemic vascular resistance and blood pressure. In this study, we monitored the hemodynamic changes in ...
de Wilde R B P - - 2009
We evaluated cardiac output (CO) using three new methods - the auto-calibrated FloTrac-Vigileo (CO(ed)), the non-calibrated Modelflow (CO(mf) ) pulse contour method and the ultra-sound HemoSonic system (CO(hs)) - with thermodilution (CO(td)) as the reference. In 13 postoperative cardiac surgical patients, 104 paired CO values were assessed before, during and ...
Conn Robert D - - 2009
With the advent of readily available imaging modalities, the time-honored skills in physical examination of the cardiac patient have eroded and are no longer the hallmark of the expert cardiologist. Although auscultation continues to be the primary focus in the examination, this is a skill in which competency is only ...
Torre-Amione Guillermo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The most common outcome currently assessed in acute heart failure trials (AHF) is dyspnea improvement. Worsening hear failure (WHF) is a new outcome measure that incorporates failure to improve or recurrent symptoms of AHF requiring rescue intravenous therapy, mechanical circulatory or ventilatory support, or readmission because of AHF, occurring ...
Cottler Patrick S - - 2009
A next generation fiber-optic microsensor based on the extrinsic Fabry-Perot interferometric (EFPI) technique has been developed for pressure measurements. The basic physics governing the operation of these sensors makes them relatively tolerant or immune to the effects of high-temperature, high-EMI, and highly-corrosive environments. This pressure microsensor represents a significant improvement ...
Fransson Boel A - - 2009
To determine the hemodynamic response to radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of normal adrenal tissue in dogs. Experimental study. Healthy adult mixed-breed dogs (n=6). During general anesthesia a Swan-Ganz thermodilution catheter was flow directed into the pulmonary artery and used to quantify cardiac output. An arterial catheter was used for direct blood ...
Al-Hariri Mohammad Taha - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of two, months Nigella sativa (N. sativa) oral supplementation to normal rats on cardiac haemodynamics in vivo, the ionotropic and chronotropic properties of the isolated hearts in vitro, and the cardiac responsiveness to progressive adrenergic stimulation by isoproterenol. METHODS: The cardiac workload, after 2 months ...
Mutoh Tatsushi - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Early goal-directed hemodynamic therapy is of particular importance for adequate cerebral circulation of patients with vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage but is often precluded by the invasiveness of established cardiac output determination using a pulmonary artery catheter. This study was undertaken to validate the usefulness of less invasive ...
Govindaraj R - - 2009
Amorphous to crystalline transition in pressure quenched Zr(0.5)Hf(0.5)W(2)O(8) has been studied with respect to local structures of ZrO(6) using the perturbed angular correlation technique. In an untreated crystalline sample close to 0.7 fraction of the probe atoms occupy Zr sites of regular ZrO(6) while the remaining three fractions are understood ...
Braithwaite D - - 2009
We report on the synthesis of superconducting single crystals of FeSe and their characterization by x-ray diffraction, magnetization and resistivity. We have performed ac susceptibility measurements under high pressure in a hydrostatic liquid argon medium up to 14 GPa and we find that T(C) increases up to 33-36 K in all samples, ...
Husain Saima - - 2009
The syndrome of heart failure is characterized by symptoms that are relatively insensitive and nonspecific. Physical diagnosis may be unreliable even in the hands of experienced clinicians, despite the presence of significantly elevated filling pressures or a significantly depressed cardiac output. Instrumentation and devices such as the insertion of a ...
Fellahi Jean-Luc - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Thoracic bioimpedance cardiography (ICG) has been proposed as a noninvasive, continuous, operator-independent, and cost-effective method for cardiac output monitoring. In the present study, we compared cardiac index (CI) measurements with ICG (Niccomo device) and transthoracic Doppler echocardiography in resting healthy volunteers undergoing hemodynamic load challenge. METHODS: Twenty-five healthy volunteers ...
Thompson-Torgerson Caitlin S - - 2009
Extracorporeal circulation provides critical life support in the face of cardiopulmonary or renal failure, but it also introduces a host of unique morbidities characterized by edema formation, cardiac insufficiency, autonomic dysfunction, and altered vasomotor function. We tested the hypothesis that cyclohexanone (CHX), a solvent used in production of extracorporeal circuits ...
Wang Dairong D Institute for Translational Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2009
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs selective for inhibition of COX-2 increase heart failure and elevate blood pressure. The COX-2 gene was floxed and crossed into merCremer mice under the alpha-myosin heavy-chain promoter. Tamoxifen induced selective deletion of COX-2 in cardiomyocytes depressed cardiac output, and resulted in weight loss, diminished exercise tolerance, and ...
Crisafulli Antonio - - 2009
This investigation was conducted to study the hemodynamic consequences of spinal cord injury (SCI) during post-exercise muscle metaboreflex activation in SCI subjects. The hemodynamic response to metaboreflex recruitment was assessed in ten SCI patients and nine healthy controls (CTL) by means of impedance cardiography. The main results were (1) the ...
Senay Sahin - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of cardiac output (CO) measurements of noninvasive continuous arterial pressure waveform analysis, thermodilution technique and echocardiography with magnetic resonance (MRI) imaging. METHODS: Eleven patients who underwent coronary bypass surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass were prospectively enrolled in this study in ...
Moritz Karen M - - 2009
1. Administration of glucocorticoids to ewes early in pregnancy results in offspring with hypertension in adulthood. The hypertension in female offspring exposed to dexamethasone is associated with increased cardiac output, but whether this is also true in cortisol-exposed offspring is unknown. 2. Systemic haemodynamic variables were measured under basal conditions ...
Baruah Resham - - 2009
Alternation of heart rate between 2 values using a pacemaker generates oscillations in end-tidal CO(2) (et-CO(2)). This study examined (a) whether modulating atrioventricular delay can also do this, and (b) whether more gradual variation of cardiac output can achieve comparable changes in et-CO(2) with less-sudden changes in blood pressure. We ...
Romagnoli Stefano - - 2009
Pulse contour methods (PCM) for the measurements of cardiac output (CO) are gaining popularity in intensive care settings but their reliability during hemodynamic instability has been questioned. Pressure-recording-analytical-method (PRAM) is a newly developed uncalibrated hemodynamic monitor and its capability in measuring CO during hemodynamic instability is still under investigation. Dobutamine ...
D'Errico Stefano - - 2009
A rare case of cardiac failure due to hypertensive crisis in pheochromocytoma in a 25-year-old young man is presented. In the Emergency Department the patient complained of persisting headache and vomiting; he was distressed but fully alert, his heart rate was 110 b/min and blood pressure 180/80 mmHg. Few hours ...
Cushing Daniel J - - 2009
Intravenous amiodarone (Amiodarone i.v.) is widely used to treat cardiac arrhythmias. The most frequent clinical adverse event associated with Amiodarone i.v. administration is systemic hypotension which has been attributed to the cosolvents used in the formulation, polysorbate 80 and benzyl alcohol. To minimize hypotension Amiodarone i.v. is diluted in 5% ...
López-Herce Jesús - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The pulse-induced continuous cardiac output (PiCCO) system is a less invasive method than pulmonary thermodilution for the measurement of cardiac output and estimating blood volume parameters. The normal values in children have not been defined. The purpose of the present paper was therefore to evaluate cardiac output and parameters ...
Xu Da - - 2009
A proven implantable device is now available for long-term ambulatory monitoring of the right ventricular pressure (RVP) waveform of congestive heart failure patients. However, cardiac output (CO) and left atrial pressure (LAP) are far more useful for assessing cardiac function and managing volume status. We developed a new technique to ...
Pope Scott R - - 2009
This study shows how sensitivity analysis and subset selection can be employed in a cardiovascular model to estimate total systemic resistance, cerebrovascular resistance, arterial compliance, and time for peak systolic ventricular pressure for healthy young and elderly subjects. These quantities are parameters in a simple lumped parameter model that predicts ...
Eleftheriadis Savvas - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The reliability of autocalibrated pressure waveform analysis by the FloTrac-Vigileo(R) (FTV) system for the determination of cardiac output in comparison with intermittent pulmonary arterial thermodilution (IPATD) is controversial. The present prospective comparison study was designed to determine the effects of variations in arterial blood pressure on the reliability of ...
Stover John F - - 2009
Monitoring of cardiac output and blood pressure are standard procedures in critical care medicine. Traditionally, invasive techniques like pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) and arterial catheters are widely used. Invasiveness bears many risks of deleterious complications. Therefore, a noninvasive reliable cardiac output (CO) and blood pressure monitoring system could improve the ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >