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Park Byung Hyun - - 2012
A pleated filter bag is often used to treat exhaust gas in many industrial applications, due to its fairly high dust collection efficiency and relatively low pressure drop. This work deals with the optimum pleating geometries of a pleated filter made with a newly developed PTFE/glass composite filter. It was ...
Rosique Marina Jf - - 2012
Objective:This study was carried out to determine high pressure and pulsatile flow perfusion effects on human saphenous vein (HSV) segments obtained from diabetic and non-diabetic patients.Methods:The veins were perfused with oxygenated Krebs solution for 3 h, with a pulsatile flow rate of 100 mL/min and pressures of 250 × 200 ...
Amaris Manuel - - 2012
Vagal reflex initiated by esophageal stimulation and microaspiration can cause chronic cough in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). By raising intraabdominal pressure,cough can, in turn, predispose to GERD. The role of the upper esophageal sphincter (UES)in preventing esophagopharyngeal reflux during coughing is not well known. The aim of this ...
Ross Edward A - - 2012
Longstanding experimental evidence supports the role of renal venous hypertension in causing kidney dysfunction and "congestive renal failure." A focus has been heart failure, in which the cardiorenal syndrome may partly be due to high venous pressure, rather than traditional mechanisms involving low cardiac output. Analogous diseases are intra-abdominal hypertension ...
Anuszkiewicz A - - 2012
We report on the sensing characteristics of rocking filters fabricated in two microstructured fibers with enhanced polarimetric sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure. The filter fabricated in the first fiber shows a very high sensitivity to pressure ranging from 16.2 to 43.4 nm/MPa, depending on the resonance order and features an extremely ...
Wilson Michael R - - 2012
Ventilator-induced lung injury is a crucial determinant of the outcome of mechanically ventilated patients. Increasing numbers of mouse studies have identified numerous pathways and mediators that are modulated by ventilation, but it is conceptually difficult to reconcile these into a single paradigm. There is substantial variability in tidal volumes used ...
Camboni Daniele - - 2012
Veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (vvECMO) conventionally requires the cannulation of two vessels. Here we report our initial experience with the "Wang-Zwische" (WZ) double-lumen cannula.In a group of n = 36 patients single venous cannulation for vvECMO was performed. A retrospective analysis was executed. A comparison of flow characteristics to standard ...
Todini A R - - 2012
Background. Imaging methods for diagnosis of pulmonary embolism (PE) are not available at small medical or rural centres as well as during night time. Herein, we evaluated the diagnostic value of brachial venous pressure measurement in the diagnosis of PE in patients with deep vein thrombosis. Materials and Methods. One-hundred ...
Saleem Mahmood M Institut of Chemical Engineering and Technology, University of the Punjab, Quaid-i-Azam Campus, Lahore-54590, Pakistan ; Graz University of Technology, Graz, - - 2012
Resistance parameters are essential for the prediction of pressure drop in bag filters. The reported values for limestone dust differ in magnitude and also depend on operating parameters. In this work, experimental data is provided from a pilot scale pulse-jet regenerated bag filter test facility for three types of needle ...
Recek Cestmir C (Retired from) Department of Surgery, University Hospital, Hradec Kralove, Czech - - 2012
A curious hemodynamic phenomenon emerging as a consequence of the treatment of varicose veins can offer a reasonable explanation why varicose vein and reflux recurrences occur tenaciously irrespective of the applied therapeutic procedure. Saphenous reflux is the most important hemodynamic factor in varicose vein disease: it is responsible for the ...
Dave Jaydev K JK Department of Radiology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, - - 2012
The efficacy of using subharmonic emissions from Sonazoid microbubbles (GE Healthcare, Oslo, Norway) to track portal vein pressures and pressure changes was investigated in 14 canines using either slow- or high-flow models of portal hypertension (PH). A modified Logiq 9 scanner (GE Healthcare, Milwaukee, WI, USA) operating in subharmonic mode ...
Zhang Xia - - 2012
Cardiovascular collapse is the major factor contributing to the mortality of trauma-hemorrhage (T-H) patients. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play a critical role in T-H-induced cardiac dysfunction. This study evaluated the role of TLR9 agonist, CpG-oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) 1826, in cardiac functional recovery after T-H. Trauma-hemorrhage was induced in a murine model by ...
Loenneke Jeremy P - - 2013
The purpose was to investigate the acute effects of blood flow restriction (BFR) on arterial and venous hemodynamic parameters. Nine participants completed a 10-min time control (resting condition) and then a lower body BFR protocol. The protocol was five, 5-min bouts of restrictive cuff inflation with 3-min of deflation between ...
Fromy Bérengère - - 2012
Pressure-induced vasodilation (PIV) delays the decrease in cutaneous blood flow produced by local application of low pressure to the skin, a physiologically appropriate adjustment of local vasomotor function. Individuals without a normal PIV response have a high risk of ulceration. Here we demonstrate that acid-sensing ion channel 3 (Asic3) is ...
Ju Sheng - - 2012
High pressure is an important dimension for the emergent phenomena in transition metal oxides, including high-temperature superconductivity, colossal magnetoresistance, and magnetoelectric coupling. In these multiply correlated systems, the interplay between lattice, charge, orbital, and spin is extremely susceptible to external pressure. Magnetite (Fe3O4), as one of oldest known magnetic materials ...
Lai N Chin - - 2012
Congestive heart failure is associated with increased expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, and the levels of these cytokines correlate with heart failure severity and prognosis. Chronic interleukin 6 (IL-6) stimulation leads to left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and dysfunction, and deletion of IL-6 reduces LV hypertrophy after angiotensin II infusion. In this ...
Yan Tingting - - 2012
The effect of high pressure on the structural stability of oxamide has been investigated in a diamond anvil cell by Raman spectroscopy up to ~14.6 GPa and angle-dispersive X-ray diffraction (ADXRD) up to ~17.5 GPa. The discontinuity in Raman shifts around 9.6 GPa indicates a pressure-induced structural phase transition. This ...
Tumanov N A - - 2012
Tables 2 and 3 in the paper by Tumanov et al. [(2010), Acta Cryst. B66, 458-471] are corrected.
Van Huysse James W - - 2012
Neural precursor cell expressed and developmentally downregulated 4-2 protein (Nedd4-2) facilitates the endocytosis of epithelial Na channels (ENaCs). Both mice and humans with a loss of regulation of ENaC by Nedd4-2 have salt-induced hypertension. ENaC is also expressed in the brain, where it is critical for hypertension on a high-salt ...
Zhou Kangbin - - 2012
Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a combination of medical disorders that increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and diabetes. MS is associated with obesity, increased blood pressure, hyperlipidemia, and hyperglycemia. This study was designed to investigate the pharmacological profile of phentolamine, a nonselective α adrenergic receptor antagonist, in the prevention ...
Loudon R - - 2012
The name of Poynting is universally recognized for his development of the well-known expression for the flow of electromagnetic energy. Not so well known is Poynting's series of papers on radiation pressure, with 2011 marking the centenary of the last of his 15 publications on this topic. This paper reviews ...
Long D A - - 2012
Frequency-stabilized cavity ring-down spectroscopy measurements were performed in the P-branch of the O(2) A-band [b(1)Σ(g) (+) ← X (3)Σ(g) (-)(0,0)] near atmospheric pressure. Line mixing parameters and collision-induced absorption were quantified and reported. These measurements show qualitative differences with those taken at relatively high pressure (2 MPa-20 MPa). We also assess the ...
Damnjanović Z - - 2012
The study analysed the relationship between the incidence of idiopathic lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and the location of the thrombus with changes in atmospheric pressure. During the two year period between May 2009 and April 2011, inclusively, 124 consecutive patients were diagnosed as having idiopathic lower extremity DVT ...
Saleem Mahmood M Institute of Chemical Engineering and Technology, University of the Punjab, Quaid-i-Azam Campus, 54590- Lahore, Pakistan ; Graz University of Technology, Graz, - - 2012
Bag filters are commonly used for fine particles removal in off-gas purification. There dust laden gas pervades through permeable filter media starting at a lower pressure drop limit leaving dust (called filter cake) on the filter media. The filter cakeformation is influenced by many factors including filtration velocity, dust concentration, ...
Pellegrino Mario - - 2012
Knowledge of mechanical properties of living cells is essential to understand their physiological and pathological conditions. To measure local cellular elasticity, scanning probe techniques have been increasingly employed. In particular, non-contact scanning ion conductance microscopy (SICM) has been used for this purpose; thanks to the application of a hydrostatic pressure ...
Johnson Daniel M - - 2012
Angiosperm and coniferous tree species utilize a continuum of hydraulic strategies. Hydraulic safety margins (defined as differences between naturally occurring xylem pressures and pressures that would cause hydraulic dysfunction, or differences between pressures resulting in loss of hydraulic function in adjacent organs (e.g., stems vs. leaves) tend to be much ...
Hardziyenka Maxim - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to analyze the electrophysiologic remodeling of the atrophic left ventricle (LV) in right ventricular (RV) failure (RVF) after RV pressure overload. The LV in pressure-induced RVF develops dysfunction, reduction in mass, and altered gene expression, due to atrophic remodeling. LV atrophy is associated with ...
Sakamoto Yumi - - 2012
We compared wedged hepatic venous pressure (WHVP), splenic pulp pressure (SPP) and trans-splenic portal vein pressure (TSPVP) in healthy dogs. We found that portal blood pressure could be measured in dogs using any of these techniques. The WHVP, SPP and TSPVP were 7.8 ± 1.0, 6.2 ± 0.8 and 6.8 ...
Sakai Hiromi - - 2012
Intravenous injection of liposomes into pigs reportedly induces anaphylactoid reactions at a small dose, resulting in circulatory disorder. Hemoglobin vesicles (HbVs) are artificial oxygen carriers encapsulating Hb solution in liposomes. It is not known how pigs respond to HbV injection. We aimed to analyze the cardiopulmonary responses to small injections ...
Huang Yan - - 2012
Mechanical ventilation generates biophysical forces, including high transmural pressures, which exacerbate lung inflammation. This study sought to determine whether microRNAs (miRNAs) respond to this mechanical force and play a role in regulating mechanically induced inflammation. Primary human small airway epithelial cells (HSAEpCs) were exposed to 12 h of oscillatory pressure ...
Linz Dominik - - 2012
The aim of this study was to identify the relative impact of adrenergic and cholinergic activity on atrial fibrillation (AF) inducibility and blood pressure (BP) in a model for obstructive sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnea is associated with sympathovagal disbalance, AF, and postapneic BP rises. Renal denervation (RDN) reduces renal ...
Safar Michel E - - 2012
Whereas larger arteries participate in the dampening of blood pressure (BP) oscillations resulting from intermittent ventricular ejection, smaller arteries steadily deliver an adequate supply of blood from the heart to the peripheral organs. Numerous active mechanisms are involved in this process. Cyclic stress acts differently from steady stress, inducing stronger ...
Shafique M - - 2012
Photoplethysmography (PPG) is a technique widely used to monitor volumetric blood changes induced by cardiac pulsations. Pulse oximetry uses the technique of PPG to estimate arterial oxygen saturation values ([Formula: see text]). In poorly perfused tissues, [Formula: see text] readings may be compromised due to the poor quality of the ...
Qiu Yuanyuan - - 2012
In the present work, human breast cancer cells MCF-7 mixed with polyethylenimine: deoxyribonucleic acid complex and microbubbles were exposed to 1-MHz ultrasound at low acoustic driving pressures ranging from 0.05 to 0.3MPa. The sonoporation pores generated on the cell membrane were examined with scanning electron microscopy. The transfection efficiency and ...
Wajima Zen'ichiro - - 2012
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate changes in stroke volume variation (SVV) by both induced hypertension (pressor test) and hypotension (depressor test), and also by induced hypotensive anesthesia in patients with good cardiac function. DESIGN: Prospective, controlled clinical study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENTS: 31 ASA physical status 1 and 2 patients, aged ...
Lao Hsuan-Chih - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Activation of sympathetic nervous system has a crucial role in mediating the pneumatic tourniquet inflation induced hyperdynamic response. Dexmedetomidine, a selective α(2)-adrenergic receptor agonist, has potent sympatholytic effects. We conducted this prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded study to elucidate the effects of dexmedetomidine on attenuating the tourniquet-induced hyperdynamic response during ...
Capone Carmen C Department of Neurology and Neuroscience, Division of Neurobiology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York 10021, - - 2012
Hypertension, a powerful risk factor for stroke and dementia, has damaging effects on the brain and its vessels. In particular, hypertension alters vital cerebrovascular control mechanisms linking neural activity to cerebral perfusion. In experimental models of slow-developing hypertension, free radical signaling in the subfornical organ (SFO), one of the forebrain ...
Nan Zhang - - 2012
In industrial practice, the cavity-type oscillation is undesirable from the perspective of inducement of structure vibration and fatigue, generation of noise and drastic increase in drag on the body. A numerical work for the prediction of wall pressure fluctuations and flow-induced noise of cavity is performed in the paper. Firstly, ...
Yan Yu X - - 2012
Suboptimal health status (SHS) has become a new public health challenge in urban China. Despite indications that SHS may be associated with progression or development of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, there are few reports on SHS investigations. To explore the relationship between SHS and traditional cardiovascular ...
Shim Jongmin - - 2012
We introduce a class of continuum shell structures, the Buckliball, which undergoes a structural transformation induced by buckling under pressure loading. The geometry of the Buckliball comprises a spherical shell patterned with a regular array of circular voids. In order for the pattern transformation to be induced by buckling, the ...
Hu Hanbo - - 2012
Pulmonary vascular endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS)-derived NO is the major stimulant of cyclic guanosine 5'-monophosphate (cGMP) production and NO/cGMP-dependent vasorelaxation in the pulmonary circulation. We recently synthesized multiple peptides and reported that an eleven amino acid (SSWRRKRKESS) peptide (P1) but not scrambled P1 stimulated the catalytic activity but ...
Takano Yuri - - 2012
BACKGROUND: We have reported that α and β adrenergic blockers could protect against emotional stress-induced cardiac dysfunction. Azelnidipine is a unique calcium blocker which does not increase heart rate. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of azelnidipine to prevent stress-induced cardiac dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS: Rats ...
Iwasaki Yu-Ki - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To assess mechanisms underlying atrial fibrillation (AF)-promotion by obesity and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in rat models. BACKGROUND: Obesity and OSA are risk factors for AF, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. METHODS: Zucker obese (ORs) and lean rats (LRs) were intubated and ventilated with air and 2%-isoflurane. ...
Kiss Péter T - - 2012
We present a short overview of pressure calculation in molecular dynamics or Monte Carlo simulations. The emphasis is given to polarizable models in order to resolve the controversy caused by the paper of M. J. Louwerse and E. J. Baerends [Chem. Phys. Lett. 421, 138 (2006)] about pressure calculation in ...
Pankey Edward A - - 2012
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a rare disorder that without treatment is progressive and often fatal within 3 years. The treatment of PH involves the use of a diverse group of drugs and lung transplantation. Although nitrite was once thought to be an inactive metabolite of endothelial-derived nitric oxide (NO), there ...
Shepherd Helena J - - 2012
The effect of pressure on the dinuclear spin crossover material [{Fe(bpp)(NCS)(2)}(2)(4,4'-bipy)]·2MeOH (where bpp = 2,6-bis(pyrazol-3-yl)pyridine and 4,4'-bipy = 4,4'-bipyridine, 1) has been investigated with single crystal X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy using diamond anvil cell techniques. The very gradual pressure-induced spin crossover occurs between 7 and 25 kbar, and shows ...
Rautureau Yohann - - 2012
The purpose of this review of the vascular biology of endothelin-1 (ET-1) is the presentation of recent data including the use of endothelin-receptor antagonists for the treatment of hypertension. Recent discoveries regarding the pharmacology of ET-1 in the vascular wall and its effect on signalling transduction and gene expression in ...
Stamer W Daniel - - 2012
Regulation of intraocular pressure by the conventional (trabecular) outflow pathway is complicated, involving a myriad of mechanical and chemical signals. In most, intraocular pressure is maintained within a tight range over a lifetime. Unfortunately in some, dysfunction results in ocular hypertension and open-angle glaucoma. In the context of established knowledge, ...
Pandolfino J E JE Department of Medicine, The Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611-2951, USA. - - 2012
High-resolution manometry and esophageal pressure topography have enhanced our ability to analyze esophageal motor disturbances by improving the detail and accuracy of measurements of peristaltic activity.This has been extremely helpful in the evaluation of disorders of rapid propagation as the technique is able to define important time points and physiologic ...
Lazarowska A - - 2012
The luminescence and luminescence kinetics of LiLuF(4) doped with 1.5 at.% of Pr(3+) obtained at high hydrostatic pressure changing from ambient to 220 kbar applied in a diamond anvil cell are presented. It has been shown that pressure causes shift of the emission lines toward the red with rates of the order ...
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