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Jones M J - - 1988
Measurement were made of gastric pressure (GP), lower oesophageal sphincter pressure (LOSP) and barrier pressure (BrP) in the supine and lithotomy positions in 17 healthy women undergoing termination of pregnancy in the first trimester. Values in the supine position were similar to those seen in non-pregnant subjects, but there was ...
Leone J A - - 1988
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of two intensities (5 and 10 kg) of continuous and intermittent Achilles tendon pressure on the H-reflex in eight hemiparetic subjects. A decrease in the H-reflex was interpreted as a depression in motoneuron excitability, a condition conducive for reducing muscle ...
Jensen F M - - 1988
Behavioural response to intestinal distension was studied in 12 female New Zealand albino rabbits under various conditions. On increasing intraluminal pressures, the rabbits elicited uniform behavioural responses within discrete pressure ranges, notably a sudden pelvic withdrawal at 30-50 mmHg. The pressure provoking pelvic withdrawal was chosen as the test parameter ...
Hinrichsen C F - - 1988
The influence of the midlateral posterior hypothalamic area (MLPHA) on arterial blood pressure and respiration was examined in the rats. Electrical stimulation produced a rapid transient increase in blood pressure and rapid shallow respiration. Glutamate, which stimulates neurons and not fibers of passage, however, caused a fall in blood pressure ...
Musgrave M E - - 1988
Mungbean (Phaseolus aureus Roxb.) seedlings were grown hypobarically to assess the effects of low pressure (21-24 kilopascals) on growth and mitochondrial respiration. Control seedlings grown at ambient pressure (101 kilopascals) were provided amounts of O2 equivalent to those provided experimental seedlings at reduced pressure to factor out responses to O2 ...
Pietilä J P - - 1988
Intermittent Laser Doppler Flowmetry (LDF) was used in five patients to measure changes in the dermal blood flow when changing intraluminal pressures in tissue expanders (TE). In another patient, continuous monitoring of the intraluminal pressure in the TE and simultaneous LDF was used. Our finding is that LDF is a ...
Ingervall B - - 1988
Maxillary cheek pressures are measured in the molar area, at the teeth and high in the buccal sulcus, in both natural and extended head positions, with teeth at rest and in function. Highest pressures are found on the alveolar process, with some increases with the head extended and the jaw ...
Prochazka A V - - 1987
A recently described procedure, Osler's Maneuver (OM), identifies patients with pseudohypertension. We examined the prevalence of OM positivity in consecutive outpatients at a Veterans Administration Medical Center. A total of 582 patients, median age of 61 years, were studied. OM was definitely positive in 3.4% (20/582). Age strongly related to ...
Abeysekera J D - - 1987
The suitability and effectiveness of four different types of British made respirators were studied with respect to comfort, convenience and fit on wearers in Sri Lanka (a developing country). Objective and subjective assessments were made to evaluate the degree of discomfort and interferences to the use of senses. The study ...
Hinds W C - - 1987
The ability of representative half-mask and single-use respirators with facial seal leaks to provide protection against aerosols was evaluated by experimental measurement. Respirators were mounted on a manikin in a test chamber and operated at seven steady flow rates over the range of 2 to 150 L/min. Samples of polydisperse ...
Coleman A J - - 1987
Pressure waveforms in the acoustic field generated by a Dornier (HM3) shock-wave lithotripter have been measured using a bilaminar shielded PVDF membrane hydrophone in water. Using these waveforms, values of the peak-positive (p+) and peak-negative pressure (p-) at various positions in the field have been estimated. At the focus, p+ ...
Darke C - - 1987
A lymphocytotoxic HLA-DR alloantiserum (Ma159) which reacts with DR7, DR5 and DRw13 positive lymphocytes is described. It was non-cytotoxic against 27 DRw14 positive subjects and was not absorbed by DRw14 positive cells. The antiserum was produced by pregnancy alone in a DR4, DRw14 positive woman whose husband possesses DR7 and ...
Bach J R - - 1987
These are preliminary observations of the introduction of a new technique of noninvasive positive pressure respiratory support for patients with subacute or chronic respiratory failure. Clinical situations where intubation or tracheostomy may have been performed were managed by intermittent positive pressure ventilation via nasal access (NIPPV) with a CPAP mask, ...
Bach J R - - 1987
The use of mouth intermittent positive pressure ventilation alone or in combination with other noninvasive respiratory techniques as an alternative to tracheostomy in the home management of respirator-dependent postpolio persons was studied in 75 patients. The onset of polio was at an average age of 15 years. At that time, ...
Habib M P - - 1987
Metaproterenol (15 mg) and albuterol (5 mg) solutions were each nebulized and delivered to 20 patients with reversible airway obstruction utilizing intermittent positive pressure ventilation in a double-blind comparison. Ten subjects were randomly assigned to each group and they were examined at the start (day 0) and at the end ...
Harrison M H - - 1987
The effect of intermittent positive-pressure breathing (PB), induced by expiring against a resistance of 12.5 mm Hg, on plasma volume and endocrine responses to standing water immersion, was studied in seven male subjects, 28-49 years of age. The men were immersed to the neck (35 +/- 0.5 degrees C) for ...
Chen S Z - - 1987
To determine which components of uterine activity are affected by different positions of labor, 116 intrauterine pressure records in the sitting and supine positions were analyzed in order to measure resting, contraction, and bearing down pressures. The resting pressure in the sitting position showed consistent elevation compared to the supine ...
Williams C A - - 1987
Experiments were performed to determine to what extent increments in esophageal and abdominal pressure would have on arterial blood pressure during fatiguing isometric exercise. Arterial blood pressure was measured during handgrip and leg isometric exercise performed with both a free and occluded circulation to active muscles. Handgrip contractions were exerted ...
Howell P J - - 1987
A case is described in which a Jehovah's Witness underwent emergency surgery following which her haemoglobin fell to 1.8 g/d litre. She was successfully treated in an intensive care unit with intermittent positive pressure ventilation of the lungs, high inspired oxygen concentrations and transfusions of large volumes of gelatin solution.
Peshin P K - - 1987
Studies were undertaken on seven adult female buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) premedicated with triflupromazine hydrochloride (0.3 mg/kg) and chloral hydrate (30 mg/kg). Anaesthesia was induced with thiopentone sodium (10 mg/kg) and animals were kept under intermittent positive pressure ventilation. Measurements were made for 30 min in the lateral position, for 20 ...
Warzel H - - 1987
Respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), systolic and diastolic respiratory blood pressure waves (RBPWsyst, RBPWdiast), mean heart rate (HR), mean respiratory frequency (RF) and the heart beat to respiratory cycle ratio (HB/RC) were measured in 23 spontaneously breathing, normotensive or renal hypertensive dogs under light anaesthesia. No significant differences were found between ...
Hofmeyr J L - - 1986
It has been suggested that positive expiratory pressure may assist the clearance of bronchial secretions in the treatment of cystic fibrosis. It has been compared with currently used postural drainage techniques. Three treatment regimens were compared in 18 patients with cystic fibrosis. Treatment A consisted of breathing exercises emphasising inspiration, ...
Hattori H - - 1986
Positive-ion electron-impact (EI), positive-ion chemical ionization (CI) and medium-pressure negative-ion CI mass spectra of ten butyrophenones are presented. Low-pressure (0.01 Torr) negative CI spectra are also presented for some compounds. In the positive EI mode, a peak at m/z 42, which corresponded to the propyl group, appeared for all compounds; ...
Wood E H - - 1986
Pilot and plane capabilities to withstand high-Gz combat maneuvers are tactically important. Sustained 10-15 Gz capabilities of current and future planes outstrip safe physiologic limits in spite of the combined use of World War II-vintage straining maneuvers and relatively ineffective anti-G suits to prevent losses of vision and consciousness. However, ...
Van Hook C J - - 1986
Mechanical ventilation with positive end-expiratory pressure has been known to increase arterial oxygen content for approximately 40 years. Early experiments demonstrated a diminution of cardiac output with the application of positive end-expiratory pressure, and it was not favored as a therapeutic modality until the 1960s, when it was found to ...
Kukulka C G - - 1986
The purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness of intermittent tendon pressure on the depression of alpha motoneuron excitability. The excitability changes of the motoneurons were assessed by measuring changes in H-reflex amplitudes before, during, and after intermittent tendon pressure application. Twenty-six of 28 subjects with no known ...
Orlowski J P - - 1986
Ninety-seven pediatric patients (age less than 17 years) undergoing routine upright chest roentgenograms in the posteroanterior projection and 90 children undergoing supine anteroposterior chest roentgenograms had lead markers placed at the suprasternal notch and xiphoid prior to taking the roentgenograms. The position of the geometric center of the cardiac silhouette ...
Iwabuchi T - - 1986
To prevent air embolism and minimize neurosurgical venous hemorrhage, the dural sinus pressure (confluens sinuum pressure, CSP) was examined under various conditions in 47 cases, 11 of whom were children. Either the extracranial (group A) or catheter type (group B) pressure transducer was used. The latter gave approximately 30% higher ...
Mali W P - - 1986
Left renal vein compression occurring mainly with the patient in the upright position, and being less severe or absent in the supine position, was considered to be the main cause of varicoceles. We show that left renal vein compression is, indeed, more severe with the patient in the upright than ...
Rush J E - - 1986
The influence of normal and exaggerated ventilation on the QRS was studied in 10 dogs. Peak-to-peak amplitudes of QRS in 4 circumferential unipolar and 2 limb lead ECG were obtained during eupnea and during hyperinflation produced by intermittent positive pressure ventilation or negative extrathoracic pressure. Marked changes were not observed ...
Nakao S - - 1986
Hemodynamic measurements in human subjects and in experimental animals are generally made in the supine position; not much attention is paid to potential beneficial or harmful effects of right or left lateral positions on cardiac output or other hemodynamic variables. To evaluate the potential influence of such positional changes on ...
Danneberg P - - 1986
Brotizolam (2-bromo-4-(2-chlorophenyl)-9-methyl-6H-thieno[3,2-f]-1,2,4-triazolo [4,3-a]-1,4-diazepine, We 941, Lendormin) is a thienotriazolo-diazepine with profound sedative and hypnogenic properties. The side effects of the drug on general behavior, motocoordination, feeding pattern, body temperature, uropoietic and gastrointestinal functions, cardiovascular system, and respiration, as well as interactions with some biogenic amines are reported and discussed. The ...
Grauvogel L W - - 1986
Effective protection factors for lead-acid storage battery manufacturing workers using powered air-purifying respirators and their corresponding blood lead histories are reported and compared with results for half-mask, negative pressure respirators. Airborne lead protection factors for the powered, air-purifying respirator ranged from 2 to 74, while lead levels in the blood ...
Asakura K - - 1986
We studied the respiration-related movements of the canine nose by examining the respiratory oscillations of intranasal balloon pressure and EMG activities of the dilator nares in dogs. Under spontaneous respiration, balloon pressure decreased and EMG activities increased during the early inspiratory phase. These respiratory movements of the nose differed and ...
Kahn J F - - 1986
Sixteen subjects (eight women and eight men, age 20-25 years) carried out in the seated position, isometric contractions sustained until exhaustion of the digital flexors. The subject's arm was placed in two positions, high and low. The muscle tensions used were 30, 40 and 50% of maximum voluntary contraction (MVC). ...
Munakata Y - - 1986
In edentulous subjects, the mandibular position (MP) was altered by adjustable hydraulic jacks attached to the denture base. The MP which they began to perceive as high (HMP) was shifted toward the closed position when the bite pressure against the incisal region was increased. Thus the perception of MP may ...
Al-Ani A - - 1985
The effect of O(2) partial pressure on the germination and the respiration of 12 cultivated species was studied. The reciprocal of the time necessary to observe rootlet emergence in 50% of the seeds was used to approach the germination rate. The maximum germination and respiration rates were reached in most ...
Barnes P R - - 1985
The defaecatory mechanism using a balloon model with simultaneous measurement of intrarectal pressure has been studied in 15 control subjects with normal bowel habit and in 39 patients with chronic constipation; 31 with a normal barium enema and eight with idiopathic megarectum. Fourteen of those with a normal barium enema ...
Field D - - 1985
Twenty two babies receiving artificial ventilator support were studied on 29 occasions to determine the effects of low levels of positive end expiratory pressure. Mean positive end expiratory pressure during these studies was 2.6 cm H2O. Changes in tidal volume, minute volume, compliance, and transcutaneous gas trends produced by the ...
Rheault W - - 1985
This study reports the effects of an inverted position on pulse rate, blood pressure, and deep tendon reflexes of the biceps muscle, triceps muscle, and Achilles tendon. Twenty healthy adults were used as subjects. We collected data both before and after the subjects were in the inverted position for eight ...
Amoore J N - - 1985
The waveshape of the electrocardiogram (ECG), as is well known, varies with respiration. This effect was noted from the early days of clinical electrocardiography (1) and has generally been ascribed to changes in the position of the heart. Although it has mostly been regarded as "noise", it is generated by ...
Eichler J - - 1985
The total information of a rhinomanometric measurement is given by the simultaneous registration of flow and pressure during respiration. For characterization of such a measuring curve different methods and units are used. Since no normalized procedure exists up to now, it is difficult to compare measurements of different authors. In ...
Castellanos A - - 1985
Few studies have dealt with the effects of isoproterenol on ventricular parasystole. Intravenous isoproterenol (2 to 4 micrograms/min) was administered to 11 nonmedicated patients with ventricular parasystole. At the onset of the drip infusion, 8 patients had continuous parasystole, 2 had intermittent parasystole, and 1 patient (in whom intermittent parasystole ...
Williams J K - - 1985
The Ingram method for creating a neovagina in women with vaginal agenesis or stenosis by using an intermittent pressure technique was performed on 45 patients between 1975 and 1982. Poor patient compliance has been the major drawback of previously reported pressure techniques. To overcome this, the Ingram method employs a ...
Buchler B - - 1985
The aim of this experiment was to determine if blood flow to the diaphragm is affected by generating the transdiaphragmatic pressure mainly with positive abdominal pressure or mainly with negative pleural pressure, during both sustained and intermittent diaphragmatic contractions. Diaphragmatic blood flow was measured in anesthetized mongrel dogs by the ...
Daniel H J HJ - - 1985
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of body position on the acoustic admittance of the normal middle ear mechanism. Susceptance tympanograms were obtained and their values recorded to determine the significance of any differences among five different body positions. A positive pressure shift was found to ...
Sutro C J - - 1985
Under physical stress, partial or complete tears of the muscle fibers of the medial head of the gastrocnemius may occur. Radiographs made by soft-tissue technique can be especially helpful in diagnosing partial ruptures, which are sometimes difficult to detect. Intermittent claudication can be caused by an abnormal position of the ...
Hanai K - - 1985
Intraosseous pressure (IOP) and cerebrospinal fluid pressure (CSFP) in the lumbar region were measured simultaneously in two groups of patients with either spinal canal stenosis or disc herniation, to compare dynamic changes with positional changes, and to learn whether these pressure changes may have some role in the onset of ...
Burchard K W - - 1985
Pneumatic antishock garment (PASG) application has been recommended for treatment of hypovolemic hypotension and intraperitoneal or retroperitoneal hemorrhage. Often these patients require positive pressure respiration (PPR). This study measured the hemodynamic response of low pressure PASG application, with and without PPR, in normovolemic man and the effects of PASG application ...
Shah J L - - 1984
Extradural pressure was measured in the lateral and the supine positions in three groups of patients using the extradural catheter as a manometer. The groups consisted of 20 pregnant patients at or near term, 10 patients in the period after childbirth and 10 male surgical patients. In every patient, the ...
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