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Arangio G - - 1992
Seven consecutive patients undergoing arthroscopic surgery in a gravity-fed fluid delivery system were studied. The average minimum adequate intraarticular pressure (MAIP) was 55 mm Hg. The height of a saline bag above the knee necessary to achieve this average MAIP was 75 cm. There was a positive correlation between diastolic ...
Edees S - - 1992
The provision of positive end expiratory pressure, via a unique portable system, in the long term management of a child with thoracic dystrophy is reported. The system uses low gas flow enabling a reduction in equipment and simplification of the circuit as compared with a standard continuous positive airways pressure ...
Gotshall R W - - 1991
Astronauts spend a minimum of 2 h in the reclined seated position (prelaunch position) prior to the launch of the Space Shuttle. This position favors a cephalad shift of blood volume and subsequent loss of body fluid volume, a physiologic situation associated with cardiovascular deconditioning and orthostatic intolerance following spaceflight. ...
Parker J S - - 1991
A 73-year-old man with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and cor pulmonale developed an intermittent right bundle branch block (RBBB) during mechanical ventilation. The appearance and disappearance of his RBBB was temporally associated with each positive pressure breath. Intermittent RBBB is a previously undescribed complication of positive pressure ventilation.
Gagey P M - - 1991
Posturographic data for 182 vestibular neuritis patients were recorded on a static posturographic platform (stabilometry) with the patients' eyes both open and closed. Three of the parameters studied are presented here: mean position of the center of pressure, area of the statokinesigram, and Romberg's quotient. Vestibular neuritis modifies the performance ...
Cobley M - - 1991
The extent of airborne environmental bacterial contamination which occurs following tracheal suction has been investigated in patients undergoing intermittent positive pressure ventilation in the intensive therapy unit. Two methods of performing suction, one using a conventional open technique and one using a closed system (Stericath), have been compared. Significantly lower ...
Lumb A B - - 1991
Lung function tests are normally performed in the upright position, whereas anesthesia is usually administered with the patient in the supine position, and occasionally in other postures. We therefore compared forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), functional residual capacity (FRC), and ribcage contribution to ventilation ...
Bondar R L - - 1991
Microgravity is produced for 20 to 30 seconds in NASA's KC-135 aircraft at the end of a 2 G pullup for each of 40 parabolas per flight. Continuous transcranial Doppler ultrasound, arterial blood pressure, and acceleration levels were recorded for 12 male and 8 female healthy subjects without known cardiovascular ...
Baumann G - - 1991
It has been postulated that positive inotropic drugs accelerate the loss of myocardial function by increasing oxygen demands in the face of energy deficiency, especially in coronary artery disease. On the other hand subendocardial perfusion may be improved, mainly by decreasing filling pressures. Exercise tolerance, which in itself is a ...
Hattingh J - - 1991
The time which elapses before cessation of breathing, and blood pressure and blood gas changes after the intramuscular administration of suxamethonium, or a mixture of suxamethonium and hexamethonium, is compared in immobilised African elephants (Loxodonta africana) and buffaloes (Syncerus caffer). In addition, the respiratory responses of elephants and other animals ...
Han D - - 1991
A simplified pressure method has been developed for fit testing air-purifying respirators. In this method, the air-purifying cartridges are replaced by a pressure-sensing attachment and a valve. While wearers hold their breath, a small pump extracts air from the respirator cavity until a steady-state pressure is reached in 1 to ...
Park Y K - - 1991
In order to prove the usefulness of the left-lateral position (l-lat.) in preventing the cardiovascular complications associated with ritodrine, twenty-nine patients having preterm labor were employed as the subjects of this study. Before and during the administration of ritodrine, the cardiac function was recorded by impedance cardiography. (1) When ritodrine ...
Crutchfield C D - - 1991
An automated version of a new method for quantitative respirator fit testing by controlled negative pressure was compared with a computerized aerosol fit test system. The controlled negative pressure technique eliminates many of the problems associated with aerosol and pressure decay fit test methods. A series of fixed leaks was ...
Jones J G - - 1991
In order to gain an understanding of the physiological stresses imposed by the wearing of a single-use disposable respirator, a series of experiments was done to measure the cardiopulmonary effects of wearing the respirator (heart rate, respiratory rate, and blood pressure); resistance to breathing while wearing a respirator; and heat ...
Chartrand D A - - 1991
In spontaneously breathing anaesthetized subjects, we studied a new technique for the measurement of changes in pleural pressure. Seven ASA physical status I patients undergoing general anaesthesia (enflurane 1-2 MAC, nitrous oxide 50%, and oxygen) for minor orthopaedic surgery were studied in the supine position. Changes in oesophageal pressure (delta ...
Horstman W G - - 1991
A case is reported of a negative pressure-flow study in a patient with intermittent hydronephrosis. This is the first known report of a properly performed pressure-flow study failing to diagnose obstruction due to the intermittent nature of the obstruction itself. This case also supports the concept that the ureteropelvic junction ...
Hoeschen R J - - 1991
In order to determine whether the hemodynamic benefit of atrioventricular synchronous pacing is maintained in the upright position, 14 patients with dual chamber pacemakers were paced in VVI mode and DDD mode in both the supine and standing position. The hemodynamic response was assessed by measuring the velocity time integral ...
Ng G Y - - 1991
Maximal inspiratory (PImax) and expiratory (PEmax) mouth pressures were measured in seven normal adults in both sitting and half-lying positions on 2 days. Analysis of variance did not reveal significant differences between measurements made in the two positions for either PImax or PEmax. Measurements were repeatable and the results obtained ...
Mohan S M - - 1991
Reflex reversal of differential air flow through nostrils (DAFTN) by the adoption of suitable lateral recumbent position was studied in male Nigerian subjects. The subjects who demonstrated more air flow through the left nostril initially in the supine position, adopted left lateral recumbent (LLR) position which brought the decongested left ...
Parziale J R - - 1991
Twenty-six male SCI subjects (six quadriplegics, eight "high paraplegics," and 12 "low paraplegics") propelled both standard and lightweight wheelchairs at a "sprint pace" (Sp) for 400 feet, and at a "duration pace" (Du) for four continuous minutes. Pulse, blood pressure and respirations were measured before and after each trial, and ...
Gasthuys F - - 1991
The effects of change in position and respiration modes were studied in 5 experimental ponies during a standard halothane anaesthesia. A marked cardiovascular depression (decrease in mean arterial blood pressure, cardiac output, stroke volume and left ventricle work) occurred in recumbent, spontaneously breathing ponies. No significant differences were found between ...
Waye J D - - 1991
Total colonoscopy can be difficult. It is recognized that abdominal pressure can be helpful in the performance of colonoscopy by externally splinting the endoscope to prevent loop formation. Properly applied abdominal pressure can limit patient discomfort and shorten examination time. Various techniques for abdominal pressure were studied in 201 consecutive ...
Czarnik R E - - 1991
The purpose of this study was to determine the differential effect of continuous versus intermittent application of negative pressure on tracheal tissue during endotracheal suctioning. The sample consisted of 12 mongrel dogs, randomly assigned to group 1 (N = 5), continuous suction, or group 2 (N = 5), intermittent suction. ...
Heijke S A - - 1991
Measurements were made of gastric, lower oesophageal and barrier pressures in the supine, moderate and steep Trendelenburg positions in 10 healthy female patients during balanced anaesthesia. Adoption of the Trendelenburg position resulted in no significant changes in any measurement, with the exception of a small increase (0.1 kPa) in intragastric ...
Rogers P L - - 1991
A 64-year-old man with severe COPD developed refractory nonperfusing sinus rhythm after intubation and positive-pressure ventilation. Fifteen minutes after resuscitative efforts were halted, the patient was noted to have spontaneous respirations and blood pressure, suggesting that dynamic hyperinflation was responsible for the observed electromechanical dissociation (EMD). We recommend a brief ...
MacKenzie S J - - 1991
The haemodynamic effects of intermittent high volume venovenous haemofiltration were studied in 13 critically ill patients. The mean negative fluid balance during filtration was 1.21 and the mean duration of treatment 3 h 40 min. The cardiac index fell initially (4.5 +/- 0.2 to 3.8 +/- 0.21/min/m2; p less than ...
Larsen H C - - 1991
Lowering of the ambient pressure has been reported to have a positive effect on the symptoms in Menière's disease. In order to further investigate this hypothesis the symptoms in the long-term span were studied in 54 Menière patients who had undergone low-pressure chamber tests. Lowering of the ambient pressure can ...
Ginaldi S - - 1991
Small bowel perforation with massive intraperitoneal leakage of barium occurred during the performance of enteroclysis in a 72-year-old woman. It is postulated that an ischemic segment of the partially obstructed ileum had ruptured because of rapid intraluminal flow of contrast material and increased abdominal pressure when the patient was rotated ...
Kakuta I - - 1991
1. Carp were exposed to 280 ppm formalin. Haematocrit and plasma glucose and lactic acid increased. In moribund fish, blood pH was remarkably lower and plasma protein increased. 2. When exposed to formalin, heart rate (HR) and respiration increased briefly, and then decreased. 3. Some fish increased urine flow (UF) ...
Wood E H - - 1991
The deleterious effects of high-G environments and their relevance to the development of anti-G suits are examined. The history of efforts to protect fighter pilots against these effects is recounted. The discussion covers the discovery of cerebral anoxic reserve time, the limited power and consequent restricted sustained G capabilities of ...
Mertens A - - 1990
A series of substituted indolyldihydropyridazinones and related compounds 1-18 were synthesized and evaluated for positive inotropic activity. In rats, most of these indole derivatives produced a dose-related increase in myocardial contractility with little effect on heart rate and blood pressure. Compound 13, 4,5-dihydro-5-methyl-6-(2-pyridin-4-yl-1H-indol-5-yl)pyrazin-3(2H) -one (BM 50.0430), was further investigated in ...
Little J R - - 1990
This study was designed to investigate the hemodynamic characteristics of cavernous angiomas of the brain. Five adult patients with a cavernous angioma underwent local cortical blood flow studies and vascular pressure measurements during surgery for the excision of the cavernous angioma. Clinical presentation included headache in four patients, seizures in ...
Meyer J A - - 1990
No satisfactory mechanical respirator existed before 1929, when Philip Drinker and Louis Shaw described an apparatus of their own design. This machine was in the form of a cylindrical tank enclosing the patient's body and chest, leaving the head outside the chamber under atmospheric pressure. Air pumps, later a bellows, ...
Böhmer G - - 1990
Effects of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) on central regulation of respiration were studied in urethane-anaesthetized, vagotomized, paralyzed and artificially ventilated rabbits. Injections of CRF into the IVth cerebral ventrile (i.c.v.) resulted in an increase of the neuronal tidal volume (nVt), but had only minor effects on the duration of respiratory phases. ...
Raymond-Martimbeau P - - 1990
A study comparing two methods of sclerosing the saphenofemoral junction (SFJ) that included 2186 patients was conducted. In the first method, injections were made below the junction with digital pressure applied at the SFJ, with the patient in a sitting position. In the second, injections were made below the junction ...
Noll M L - - 1990
A quasi-experimental study was conducted to examine the effect of backrest position on mixed venous oxygen saturation (SvO2) in patients with mechanical ventilation after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. A convenience sample of 30 subjects was randomly assigned to one of three positions: 20 degrees, 40 degrees, or flat (control). ...
Rojviroj S - - 1990
We studied pressure in the carpal tunnel in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome and in normal control subjects, using a slit catheter and recording in the neutral position, 90 degrees dorsiflexion, and 90 degrees palmarflexion of the wrist. For each position the mean pressure in the patients was very significantly ...
Kohl C - - 1990
The time course of the effects of phenylephrine (10 mumol/l) on force of contraction and on inositol phosphates in electrically driven left auricles from rat hearts labeled with [3H]inositol was studied. All experiments were performed in the presence of propranolol (1 mumol/l) and LiCl (10 mmol/l). Products measured after separation ...
Pavia D - - 1990
Review of the data shows that chest physiotherapy (CP) is effective in clearing secretions from the lungs of patients with copious secretions (i.e., daily sputum production in excess of 30 ml). Assessment of the various components of CP shows that percussion, vibratory shaking, and breathing exercises have little to offer. ...
Wagner A E - - 1990
The cardiopulmonary effects of 4 positions (standing, right lateral, left lateral, and dorsal recumbency) were evaluated in conscious cattle in which no sedatives or anesthetic drugs were given. Each position was maintained for 30 minutes, during which time there were no significant changes in heart rate, respiratory rate, mean arterial ...
Böhmer A - - 1991
Vertical optokinetic nystagmus (OKN) and optokinetic afternystagmus (OKAN) were recorded in 6 normal subjects using the magnetic scleral search coil technique in order to reevaluate the up-down symmetry of these responses. The effects of body position relative to gravity were investigated by comparing OKN and OKAN elicited with the subjects ...
Yang Q H - - 1989
We studied the vertical gradient in lung expansion in rabbits in the prone and supine body positions. Postmortem, we used videomicroscopy to measure the size of surface alveoli through transparent parietal pleural windows at dependent and nondependent sites separated in height by 2-3 cm at functional residual capacity (FRC). We ...
Wormald P J PJ Trauma Unit, Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape - - 1989
In a study of 200 patients with chest wounds in whom the need for referral to a centre with radiographic facilities was not obvious, careful clinical examination (pulse, blood pressure, respiratory rate, haemoglobin value and chest auscultation) was found to be a reliable triage tool. The sensitivity of one or ...
McCartney D L - - 1989
Positive vitreous pressure during penetrating keratoplasty can be difficult to manage. Despite preventive measures, positive vitreous pressure may occur and appropriate intervention is necessary to prevent serious complications. We describe a technique that may be used intraoperatively to restore a formed anterior segment and to prevent vitreous loss when persistent ...
Falck B - - 1989
One of the most common symptoms in sinusitis is pain over the infected cavity increasing when the patient is bending forward or lying down. It is commonly thought that this increase in pain is a result of increased pressure in the paranasal cavities when bending forward. In this investigation we ...
Morgan M D - - 1989
Giant emphysematous bullae are believed to produce symptoms of pulmonary compression and collapse by containing gas under pressure that has been generated through valvular feeding airways. To examine this hypothesis, we have measured oxygen and carbon dioxide tensions (PO2, PCO2) in four patients and pressure within the bullae in three ...
Gascho J A - - 1989
To determine the effects of posture on the venodilatory response to nitroglycerin (TNG), the change in forearm venous volume after inflation of an upper arm cuff to 30 mmHg above cuff zero (VV[30]) was measured during control conditions and after TNG (0.8 mg spray) in 18 healthy young volunteers in ...
Müller H - - 1989
The hypoxic damage of the lung as seen after extracorporeal circulation (ECC) is in correlation to lysosomal hydrolase and protease activation. In the recent study the effect of various types of respiration during ECC on lysosomal enzyme release were studied. 53 patients undergoing open heart surgery were divided into 4 ...
Pizov R - - 1989
Methods for mechanical cardiac support by intermittent increases in the intrathoracic pressure have recently been described. In the present study the responses of the arterial pressure waveform to mechanical ventilation with and without synchronized external chest compression (SEC) in the presence of acute ventricular failure (AVF) were evaluated by measuring ...
Carpenter D R - - 1988
A new method has been invented for the noninvasive and quantitative determination of fit for a respirator. The test takes a few seconds and requires less expensive instrumentation than presently used for invasive testing. In this test, the breath is held at a negative pressure for a few seconds, and ...
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