Search Results
Results 651 - 700 of 965
< 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 >
Castiglioni P - - 1997
We investigated whether respiration influences pulmonary arterial input impedance during transition from inspiration to expiration in five anesthetized, spontaneously breathing dogs. Impedance (Z) was separately assessed for heart beats occurring in inspiration, in expiration, and during the transition from inspiration to expiration (transitional beat). Transitional beats were scored by the ...
Blanch L - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Changing the position from supine to prone is an emerging strategy to improve gas exchange in patients with the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The aim of this study was to evaluate the acute effects on gas exchange, hemodynamics, and respiratory system mechanics of turning critically ill patients with ...
Guzman E R - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to compare various noninvasive stress techniques for their ability to elicit ultrasonographic cervical changes and to determine their efficacy in detecting ultrasonographic cervical incompetence. STUDY DESIGN: Eighty-nine patients at risk for pregnancy loss and preterm birth underwent ultrasonographic evaluation of the cervix at least twice between ...
Hallak M - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate positional hydrostatic effects on blood pressure determination during pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: We studied 30 normotensive, pregnant women at 34-41 weeks of gestation. Blood pressures were taken in the sitting, left lateral, right lateral and supine positions with a two-minute stabilization period between positions. The bisacromial diameter was ...
Normand H - - 1997
The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of otolithic receptors and neck mechanoreceptors on the control of the cardiovascular system. We measured calf (CBF) and forearm blood flow (FBF) by strain-gauge plethysmography, mean arterial pressure (MAP), and heart rate (HR) in 12 healthy subjects in two body ...
Roeggla M M Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Vienna, - - 1997
Mechanical restraints in agitated, violent psychiatric patients are still sometimes in use in the initial phase of emergency treatment, especially when patients are taken to hospital by law enforcement. Sudden death has occurred in persons in hobble restraint. Cardiopulmonary response to prone or upright hobble restraint for three minutes was ...
Tanskanen P - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Side-stream spirometry offers a non-invasive method to monitor continuously respiratory mechanics in intubated patients. We studied the effects of different positions on dynamic lung compliance during anaesthesia. METHODS: The study consisted of 56 patients, operated in supine, prone, kneeling or lateral park-bench position. Dynamic lung compliance and inspiratory peak ...
Biswas S - - 1997
A case report and review of the exaggerated lithotomy position, in particular, and other position-related rhabdomyolysis is presented. The objective is to emphasize that the exaggerated lithotomy position, although providing good exposure for urethral and prostatic surgery, is associated with a low but definite risk of rhabdomyolysis and acute renal ...
Guzman E R - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to observe the evolution of the endocervical canal length in women at risk for cervical incompetence after a positive response to transfundal pressure. STUDY DESIGN: Ten women at risk for cervical incompetence had a midtrimester cervical evaluation with transvaginal ultrasonography and transfundal pressure. With a transvaginal ...
Goldkrand J W - - 1997
To evaluate blood pressure in pregnant women in the left lateral position, we studied indirect blood pressure in 169 patients with normal blood pressure, chronic hypertension, and preeclampsia in the supine and then the lateral recumbent positions. Two additional patients had aortic arch blood pressure compared with indirect measures. For ...
Sakamoto T - - 1997
With changes in heart rate and mean aortic pressure, an intraaortic balloon (IAB) works with incomplete inflation. The effects of initial peak positive pressure and plateau holding positive pressure on IAB volume were investigated and minimum pressures necessary to inflate an IAB to a desired volume were established with a ...
Yasuda N - - 1997
We investigated the role of changes in pulmonary function in posturally induced crackles (PIC) in 76 patients with various heart diseases. Regional ventilation was evaluated by spirometric gated ventilation scanning using 133Xe in 23 of these patients and its relationship to PIC was analyzed. A change from the sitting to ...
Browning R R - - 1997
Research was conducted to determine whether individual ergot alkaloids could induce signs of fescue toxicosis. Nine Angus heifers received single i.v. injections of ergotamine tartrate, ergonovine maleate, and saline vehicle in a simple cross-over design. Each heifer received a different compound each week and all treatments during the study. Physiological ...
Alfaro V - - 1997
An effective treatment of advanced states of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has yet to be established. We report the case of a COPD patient with severe hypoxemia (pO2 = 32.0 mm Hg) and hypercapnia (pCO2 = 90.0 mm Hg) who was successfully treated for 8 months with nasal intermittent ...
Werner R - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: The study examined the change in intracarpal canal pressure (ICCP) in relationship to finger, hand, wrist and forearm position. DESIGN: The study was an in vivo measurement of ICCP in seven subjects undergoing a standardized set of manoeuvres that systematically varied finger, hand, wrist, and forearm position. BACKGROUND: It ...
Mahns D A - - 1996
Galanin has previously been shown to have a slight vasodepressor or no effect on blood pressure in placental mammals, but causes potent increases in blood pressure in several other vertebrate species. In this paper, the part of the galanin molecule responsible for the pressor activity was investigated in the Cane ...
Wadsworth R - - 1996
Twenty healthy volunteers were placed in four different surgical prone positions: on pillows, on an evacuatable mattress, on pelvic props and in the knee-chest position. The normal supine position was used as a control for the measurement of cardiovascular parameters. Mean arterial pressure was measured by automated oscillotonometry. Transthoracic electrical ...
Hoeksel S A - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To develop an algorithm that corrects pulmonary artery pressure signals of ventilated patients for the respiration artifact. The algorithm should test the validity of the pulmonary pressure signal and differentiate between the cyclic respiration artifact and true measurement artifacts. METHODS: The shape of each pulmonary pressure beat is described ...
Van der Schueren G - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Conventional intermittent hemodialysis in the critically ill patient can be associated with hemodynamic and respiratory instability. Intermittent hemodialysis induced arterial hypotension might be detrimental. We therefore studied the influence of intermittent hemodialysis on systemic and regional oxygen transport in critically ill patients. DESIGN: Prospective descriptive study. SETTING: Medical/surgical 24-bed ...
Rathgeber J - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Basic life support guidelines of the European Resuscitation Council (ERC) suggest a modified type of recovery position compared to that recommended by the American Heart Association (AHA). However, anecdotal reports and the results of a small study by Fulstow and Smith (Resuscitation 1993; 26: 89-91) gave evidence that the ...
Kawano F - - 1996
The buccolingual position of artificial teeth is one of the important factors affecting denture stability, chewing efficiency, and pressure distribution on the supporting tissue under a denture. This study compared the pressure values on the supporting tissue under a denture during chewing in denture wearers, each of whom tried three ...
Hobel C J - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine the effect of thigh-length support stockings on hemodynamic response when pregnant subjects change from the sitting to the lateral recumbent position and then after standing with ambulation. STUDY DESIGN: Eighteen subjects in the late second and early third trimester of pregnancy acted as their ...
Galuppo L D - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: To provide an accurate and detailed description of the laparoscopic anatomy of the abdomen of horses positioned in dorsal recumbency and to compare those observations with laparoscopic anatomy of standing horses. The effects of laparoscopy and positional changes on arterial blood pressure and blood gas values also were investigated. ...
Fichman R A - - 1996
PURPOSE: To evaluate pain and discomfort experienced by patients who have uncomplicated cataract extraction using topical anesthesia with no intravenous sedation. SETTING: Fichman Eye Center, Manchester, Connecticut. METHODS: Blood pressure, heart rate, and respiration were measured preoperatively, during cataract surgery, and postoperatively in 100 randomly selected patients. The average of ...
Somprakit P - - 1996
Positive and negative pressure tests for checking the low pressure section of 36 anaesthetic machines in order to detect gas leaks were prospectively compared. The low pressure section was checked by the soap bubble test as a 'gold standard'. The leakage rate was 86.1%. The sensitivity and specificity of the ...
Brandi L S - - 1996
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of elective thoracic surgery on energy metabolism and gas exchange and to evaluate whether the 30-degree sitting position would affect these variables. DESIGN: Prospective, unblinded, controlled study. SETTING: Surgical ICU in a university hospital. PATIENTS: Twenty-two adult patients undergoing elective pulmonary resection. INTERVENTIONS: Posture ...
Borly L - - 1996
Increased gallbladder (GB) pressure is probably a part of the pathogenesis of acute cholecystitis, and measurements of GB pressure might therefore be of interest. The aim of this study was to validate a microtip pressure transducer for intraluminal GB pressure measurements. In vitro precision and accuracy was within 0.2 mmHg, ...
Smith R L - - 1996
This study tested the effects of hydrostatic pressure (10 MPa) on adult articular chondrocyte mRNA and extracellular matrix synthesis in vitro. High density primary cultures of bovine chondrocytes were exposed to hydrostatic pressure applied intermittently at 1 Hz or constantly for 4 hours in serum-free medium or in medium containing ...
Yeaw E M - - 1996
A quasi-experimental, repeated-measures cross-over design study on the effect of body position on oxygenation (SaO2) blood pressure, respiration and pulse in patients with unilateral lung pathology was conducted. Previous research strongly suggests that positioning with the healthy (unaffected) lung in the dependent lateral (down) position is related to improved oxygenation, ...
Mínguez S - - 1996
A 49-year-old woman presented with idiopathic bilateral diaphragmatic paralysis. The patient benefited from bilevel intermittent positive airway pressure-type assisted ventilation with rapid, excellent and long-lasting results. This case emphasizes the need for correct diagnosis and therapeutic management, particularly with a bilevel intermittent positive airway pressure-type home ventilation technique, in idiopathic ...
Kaji Y - - 1996
The purpose of this study was to examine the anti-inflammatory effect of the calcium channel blocker nicardipine. Intraocular inflammation was induced by argon laser photocoagulation of the iris of pigmented rabbits and was assessed by measuring aqueous flare and intraocular pressure. This resulted in a marked increase in the aqueous ...
Takahashi K - - 1995
STUDY DESIGN: This study was done to assess the pathophysiology of neurogenic intermittent claudication by measuring the epidural pressure at walking. OBJECTIVES: Changes in epidural pressure during walking in patients with neurogenic intermittent claudication and in normal individuals were analyzed. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Neurogenic intermittent claudication may be caused ...
Tanaka H - - 1995
Inotropic effects of histamine were examined in isolated ventricular preparations from late embryonic and hatched chick hearts. In 19 day-old embryonic preparations, histamine had little effect on the contractile force. In preparations from 1 to 2 day-old hatched chick, histamine produced a transient decrease in contractile force followed by a ...
Gilbart M K - - 1995
We studied the anterior tibial compartment pressures during the application of a JOBST sequential intermittent pneumatic compression device on 5 healthy human volunteers (10 legs). Intracompartmental pressures were measured using a slit catheter. The measurements of interstitial pressures were highest at maximal calf inflation, and pressures were increased for approximately ...
Orozco-Levi M - - 1995
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of two body positions (supine and semirecumbency) on the dynamics of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) in 15 patients requiring mechanical ventilation and having a nasogastric tube in place. Samples of gastric contents, pharyngeal and bronchial secretions, and blood were obtained at ...
Schijvenaars R J - - 1995
To reduce the effect of electrode position variations on the diagnostic interpretation of an ECG, ECG and VCG interpretations were combined. The reduction was assessed by generating ECGs with displaced electrodes for a group of subjects using Body Surface Potential Maps (BSPMs). VCGs were reconstructed from the ECGs. The group ...
Eriksen M - - 1995
The relationship between regular respiration with normal tidal volume and spontaneous fluctuations in blood flow through skin arteriovenous anastomoses (AVAs) was investigated. Laser Doppler measurements from skin areas known to contain arteriovenous anastomoses, ultrasound Doppler measurements from the radial artery and respiratory movements were recorded simultaneously in 7 supine human ...
Rabl W - - 1995
Two cases of gastric rupture as a rare complication of balloon tamponade for esophageal varices are presented. In both cases, the rupture was caused by instillation of irrigation fluid without previous aspiration of stomach contents. In an experimental study, the stomachs of 11 corpses were filled with water to determine ...
Grönlund J U - - 1995
We studied the pulsatile component of cerebral circulation with transcephalic electrical impedance (delta Z) in six preterm newborns, three of whom had severe cerebral bleeding, peri-intraventricular haemorrhage (PIVH). The transcephalic electrical impedance delta Z signal, ECG, arterial blood pressure, (aBP) and respirogram were recorded on analogue magnetic tape for 30 ...
Anvari M - - 1995
The effects of posture on gastric emptying, intragastric distribution, and antropyloroduodenal motility after ingestion of a nonnutrient liquid have been evaluated. In seven healthy volunteers antropyloroduodenal pressures were measured for 30 min after ingestion of 150 ml of normal saline in two different positions: sitting and left lateral. Saline drinks ...
Waterman A E - - 1995
The effect of body position on lower oesophageal sphincter pressure (LOSP), gastric pressure and barrier pressure (BrP) was investigated in 40 dogs anaesthetised for neutering procedures. The dogs were placed in lateral recumbency followed by dorsal recumbency (group 1) or vice versa (group 2). LOSP decreased significantly in the animals ...
Uldry C - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Inspiratory muscle strength is often better reflected by oesophageal pressure during a maximal sniff (sniff POES) than by maximal inspiratory pressure (PImax). Sniff POES can be estimated non-invasively by measuring the sniff nasal inspiratory pressure (SNIP). The aim was to establish maximal normal values for the SNIP and to ...
Romero S - - 1995
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of lateral body position on gas exchange in patients with unilateral pleural effusion, with special reference to the influence of effusion volume. Thirty consecutive patients with unilateral pleural effusion, without evidence of parenchymal pulmonary involvement, were entered into the study. ...
Backlin S A - - 1995
Positive-pressure technique for the removal of nasal foreign bodies in children is an effective alternative to restraints and instrumentation, yet it is underused. A retrospective chart review in a community hospital over a 2-year period yielded 64 cases of pediatric nasal foreign bodies. Eight cases are presented in which the ...
Melillo E - - 1995
The effect of intravenous iloprost treatment (median rate: 1.6; range 1-2 ng/kg/min; 6 h daily over 4 weeks) on transcutaneous pO2 and pCO2 was studied in 8 patients with bilateral peripheral obstructive arterial disease and monolateral critical limb ischemia. Tensiometric determinations were obtained at both metatarsi in the supine and ...
Boman A - - 1995
Skin absorption under intermittent exposure of guinea pigs to n-butanol, toluene, 1,1,1-trichloroethane was studied. Groups of guinea pigs were exposed to test organic solvents for 1 min at 30-min intervals during 4 h, in all 8 exposures. Skin absorption of solvent was assessed by following the concentration of solvent in ...
Popovich M - - 1995
The mitochondrial respiration rate and morphometric indices in endomyocardial biopsy samples were measured in 43 patients with dilated cardiomyopathy selected in accordance to WHO criteria by endomyocardial biopsy studies after excluding of various forms of myocarditis, alcoholic cardiomyopathy and other specific diseases of the heart. A group of 13 patients ...
Bannenberg J J - - 1995
During laparoscopy elevations in arterial pressure and a decrease in cardiac output have been reported. Laparoscopic surgery performed in the prone position may be advantageous for some surgical procedures, but the hemodynamic effects of pneumoperitoneum in this position have not been studied. We studied the effects of different levels of ...
Mehlhorn U - - 1994
Current therapy for massive venous air embolism (VAE) includes the use of the left lateral recumbent (LLR) position. This recommendation is based on animal studies, conducted 50 yr ago, which looked primarily at survival. Little is known, however, about the concomitant hemodynamic response after VAE in various body positions. The ...
Tachibana S - - 1994
STUDY DESIGN: This study analyzed biomechanical characteristics of the cervical spinal cord, especially in relation to neck flexion. Intramedullary pressure was measured in different neck positions. OBJECTIVES: The results provided a rationale for dynamic changes in intramedullary pressure, with the flexed neck position playing a role in syrinx growth. SUMMARY ...
< 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 >