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Chase J - - 2000
PURPOSE: Measurement of anterior leg compartment pressures in eight patients (16 limbs) who were positioned in the lithotomy position for prolonged periods of time while undergoing colorectal intra-abdominal surgery. METHODS: Anterior leg compartment pressures were measured in eight patients (16 limbs) by using a slit catheter, whereas subjects were positioned ...
Mure M - - 2000
The arterial blood PO(2) is increased in the prone position in animals and humans because of an improvement in ventilation (VA) and perfusion (Q) matching. However, the mechanism of improved VA/Q is unknown. This experiment measured regional VA/Q heterogeneity and the correlation between VA and Q in supine and prone ...
Delis K T - - 2000
HYPOTHESIS: Marked peripheral vasodilation and rubor characterize critically ischemic limbs on dependency. We believe that intermittent claudication is also associated with peripheral hemodynamic changes on postural alteration, which differ distinctly from normal. Evaluation of such differences and understanding of the underlying physiological derangements may be essential in the development of ...
Tan V - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between the well-leg compartment pressures and time during hemilithotomy position for fracture fixation. DESIGN: Prospective. SETTING: Level 1 trauma center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Ten patients who underwent intramedullary nailing of a fractured femur in the hemilithotomy position (with a well-leg holder). INTERVENTION: Continuous pressure monitoring was achieved ...
Defloor T - - 2000
The aim of this investigation was to determine which positions resulted in the lowest pressures to the skin of persons lying in bed. Pressures were recorded in 10 different lying positions on 2 mattresses in 62 healthy volunteers. The study revealed that the 30 degrees semi-Fowler position and the prone ...
Katial R K - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The clinical acceptance of the initial ultrasonic nebulizers was impeded by their production of significant quantities of droplets larger than the respirable range that could have resulted in poor pulmonary deposition of nebulized medications. Subsequent modifications in the design of ultrasonic nebulizers have occurred. Overall nebulizer performance characteristics of ...
Hara T - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to evaluate changes in the argyrophilic nucleolar organizer region (AgNOR) counts in mucosal epithelium induced by continuous or intermittent compressive pressure exerted through experimental denture bases and to examine the relationships between the AgNOR count, histopathological changes and the intensity of the pressure under ...
Kimura I - - 2000
Germidine and germerine, the Veratrum alkaloids lowered blood pressure accompanied with positive chronotropy and inotropy in mice. Germerine was more potent than germidine in both blood-pressure lowering and positive inotropy, whereas veratridine produced negative chronotropy and positive inotropy. An acyl group (an acetyl or a 2-methylbutyroyl group) at 3-O-R1 position ...
Carver S E - - 1999
Equine articular chondrocytes, embedded within a polyglycolic acid nonwoven mesh, were cultured with various combinations of intermittent pressure, fluid flow, and mixing to examine the effects of different physical stimuli on neochondrogenesis from young cells. The cell/polymer constructs were cultured first in 125 ml spinner flasks for 1, 2, or ...
Sasagawa I - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influences of CO(2) insufflation on changes in blood gas analysis and end tidal CO(2) tension (PetCO(2)) during posterior retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy in the prone position. METHODS: Arterial blood gas analysis and measurements of PetCO(2) were carried out during CO(2) insufflation in 16 patients who underwent posterior retroperitoneoscopic ...
Scott E M - - 1999
This study compared the sacral interface pressures obtained in four mattresses (all supplied by the same manufacturer), in two positions adopted for surgical procedures, to determine the similarities and differences between them. The mattresses were all variations of the standard product used in operating departments. The null hypotheses were that ...
Pump B - - 1999
Results from our laboratory have indicated that, compared with those of the 1-G supine (Sup) position, left atrial diameter (LAD) and transmural central venous pressure increase in humans during weightlessness (0 G) induced by parabolic flights (R. Videbaek and P. Norsk. J. Appl. Physiol. 83: 1862-1866, 1997). Therefore, because cardiopulmonary ...
Richards S D - - 1999
Respiration and suck are gestational age-dependent reflexes modulated in the brain stem. To determine if the suck reflex pattern could be used to predict apnea, the relationship between the two was examined in 28 neonates. The suck reflex was quantified with respect to burst-pause rhythm, amplitude of negative suck pressure, ...
Hirai M - - 1999
In compression therapy, the importance of the degree of pressure has been emphasized. The aim of this study was to examine the influence of posture and exercise on the compression at different sites of the leg. In 16 normal volunteers, the pressure was determined simultaneously at 5 sites on the ...
Ferrera P C - - 1999
Tension pneumoperitoneum (TPP), the accumulation of free intraabdominal air under pressure, is a rare event. TPP usually occurs from bowel surgery or bowel perforations. Less commonly, TPP occurs in the presence of pneumothoraces or during positive pressure ventilation. Trauma has rarely been a reported cause of TPP. The cases of ...
Dunn S R - - 1999
A 16-year-old patient required intermittent positive pressure ventilation for hypokalaemic muscle weakness resulting from metabolic complications of combined colonic bladder augmentation and incomplete voiding via a prosthetic sphincter. Catheter re-establishment of urinary flow and electrolyte replacement produced dramatic metabolic and clinical improvement allowing the return of adequate spontaneous respiration.
Uchigasaki S - - 1999
To investigate the course of respiration and circulation in a head-down position, 14 rabbits were set in reverse suspension. The respiratory rate increased a little, but the amplitude of the respiratory movements did not change in the beginning of the experiment. The amplitude of respiratory movements then began to reduce ...
Fletcher R - - 1999
Intrinsic positive end-expiratory pressure can occur when the sternum is closed following cardiac surgery, causing anaesthetic and surgical problems. We measured intrinsic positive end-expiratory pressure after sternal closure in two studies of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting with the same anaesthetic regime. In one, patients were ventilated at 10 ...
Fontanari P - - 1999
Nasal intermittent positive-pressure ventilation (nIPPV) is used for the treatment of respiratory failure in patients with neuromuscular disease. The aim of the present study was to demonstrate that nIPPV may activate nose receptors, the consequence of which being reflex changes in lung resistance. The changes in interrupter resistances (Rint) in ...
Carver S E - - 1999
A semi-continuous compression/perfusion system has been custom made to allow the application of intermittent hydrostatic pressure, at physiological levels, to regenerating tissues over the long term. To test the system, isolated foal chondrocytes were seeded in resorbable polyglycolic acid meshes and cultured in the system for 5 weeks. The cell/polymer ...
Suh J K - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Experimental findings have suggested that the metabolic activities of articular cartilage can be influenced by mechanical stimuli. Our mathematical analysis predicted that cyclic compressive loading may create periods of intermittent sub-ambient hydrostatic pressure within the cartilage extracellular matrix. Based on this mathematical analysis, the present study was aimed to ...
Resim S - - 1999
The relationship between varicocele and infertility has long been defined. About a third of the male patients undergoing evaluation for infertility present with a varicocele. Sixty male patients between 17 and 35 years of age (mean 25.6) were examined with a colour-doppler flow imaging system. The diameters of the veins ...
Tideholm B - - 1999
The aim of this study was to investigate whether a middle ear (ME) pressure rise noted during sleep is an effect of the recumbent position, the state of sleep or Eustachian tube (ET) function, respectively. Eleven subjects with no history of ear disease were subjected to continuous, 24-h, direct ME ...
Henneveld H T - - 1999
Superior caval flow during positive pressure mechanical ventilation and spontaneous breathing was investigated by Doppler echocardiography in a neonate with a coexisting superior cavopulmonary shunt and an aortopulmonary shunt. During positive pressure ventilation, retrograde systolic flow in the superior vena cava was recorded, with low velocity anterograde flow. This pattern ...
Halliwill J R - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Compartment syndrome of a lower extremity from hypoperfusion is a rare but potentially devastating complication of the lithotomy position during surgery. The aim of this study is to determine the effects of various lithotomy positions on lower-extremity blood pressures. METHODS: Blood pressure in eight young, healthy people was studied ...
Sachse R E - - 1998
In this study, interface pressures, transcutaneous oxygen tension (TcPO2), and blood flow were compared with the classic pressure ulcer-prone areas in the supine and lateral position on six different high- and low-air-loss support surfaces. Interface pressures were substantially higher in the lateral decubitus than in the supine position. Consistent with ...
Nakai Y - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to clarify the effect of the maternal prone position on the feto-placental flow. In this position, the uterine compression of the large maternal vessels was expected to be completely eliminated. METHODS: Twenty-three normal pregnant women were cross-sectionally examined in the supine, the left ...
Pankow W - - 1998
Breathing at very low lung volumes might be affected by decreased expiratory airflow and air trapping. Our purpose was to detect expiratory flow limitation (EFL) and, as a consequence, intrinsic positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEPi) in grossly obese subjects (OS). Eight OS with a mean body mass index (BMI) of 44 ...
Soliman D E - - 1998
PURPOSE: Accurate haemodynamic assessment during surgical repair of scoliosis is crucial to the care of the patient. The purpose of this study was to compare transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE) with central venous pressure monitoring in patients with spinal deformities requiring surgery in the prone position. METHODS: Twelve paediatric patients undergoing corrective ...
Fujise K - - 1998
Laparoscopic urological surgery is usually performed transperitoneally with retroperitoneal insufflation of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the lateral position. We studied whether a difference in the side of lateral position affected hemodynamic and pulmonary functions during pneumoperitoneum. Fifteen patients (eight in the right and seven in the left lateral position) undergoing ...
Malanin K - - 1998
The venoarteriolar response (VAR) of the skin in healthy legs of 20 subjects was investigated. The laser Doppler flux (LDF), at an experimental venous hypertension of 30 mmHg, 45 mmHg and 60 mmHg, produced by a pneumatic cuff around the thigh in a recumbent position, was compared with the LDF ...
Yun E M - - 1998
Combined spinal-epidural anesthesia (CSE) is a popular technique for cesarean delivery. Regional blocks in obstetrics are often performed with the parturient in the sitting position because the midline may be recognized more easily than in the lateral decubitus position. When conventional spinal anesthesia is performed in the sitting position, the ...
Wildin C J - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to assess whether the appropriate pressure profile is generated by thigh-length graduated compression stockings in human subjects. The effect of leg posture on the pressure profile was assessed in three commonly used brands of graduated compression stockings. METHODS: The study involved 17 human ...
Brazzi L - - 1998
The prone position, initially introduced into respiratory therapy to improve the drainage of secretions, has been suggested to improve oxygenation in anaesthetized and paralysed subjects. Here we report on the results obtained using the prone position in 17 normal subjects, 10 obese subjects and 16 patients with acute respiratory failure ...
Ingemansson M P - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of upright posture compared with supine position on the dominant atrial cycle length (DACL) in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation. DESIGN: The power/frequency spectrum of QRST suppressed lead V1 ECG was studied in 14 patients in the supine position and during the head up tilt ...
Yamanouchi Y - - 1998
The impedance of defibrillation pathways is an important determinant of ventricular defibrillation efficacy. The hypothesis in this study was that the respiration phase (end-inspiration versus end-expiration) may alter impedance and/or defibrillation efficacy in a "hot can" electrode system. Defibrillation threshold (DFT) parameters were evaluated at end-expiration and at end-inspiration phases ...
Mure M - - 1998
Arterial blood oxygenation in patients with adult respiratory distress syndrome is often improved in the prone position. Critically ill patients often have abdominal distension and whether similar improvements in gas exchange occur with the prone position is not known. We therefore studied the effect of posture on gas exchange in ...
Ryniak S - - 1998
Ventilation and haemodynamics were studied in nine anaesthetized male patients undergoing perineal prostatectomy in the exaggerated lithotomy position (flexed, head-down position). In the flexed head-down position, as compared to the supine position, there was a significant decrease in arterial oxygen tension (13.1 +/- 2.1 to 11.2 +/- 1.1 kPa, p ...
Viola R W - - 1998
The biomechanical effects of surgical treatment options for Kienböck's disease have been compared. However, no study has included a direct analysis of capitate shortening along with capitate-hamate fusion (CSCHF). To investigate the biomechanical effects of CSCHF, a cadaver model of the upper extremity was used to determine radiocarpal articular pressure ...
Meek T - - 1998
We studied six operating department assistants performing simulated cricoid pressure on a model of the larynx with the arm either flexed to 90 degrees (flexed position) or fully extended with the elbow locked (extended position). Subjects were asked to maintain forces of 20, 30 and 40 Newtons (N) for a ...
Skarda R T - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To examine effects of atipamezole on detomidine midsacral subarachnoidally-induced analgesia, cardiovascular and respiratory activity, head ptosis, and position of pelvic limbs in healthy mares. ANIMALS: 10 healthy mares. PROCEDURE: Using a randomized, blinded, crossover study design, mares received detomidine (0.03 mg/kg of body weight, diluted in 3 ml of ...
Schuessler T F - - 1998
Measurements of pressure swings in the esophagus (Pes) can be used to estimate variables of clinical importance, e.g., intrinsic positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEPi). Unfortunately, cardiogenic oscillations frequently corrupt Pes and complicate further analysis. Due to significant band overlap with the respiratory component of Pes, cardiogenic oscillations cannot be suppressed adequately ...
van de Borne P - - 1998
Severe congestive heart failure (CHF) is associated with Cheyne-Stokes (C-S) respiration, which may be an index of poorer prognosis. The mechanisms linking C-S respiration to poorer functional status and prognosis in patients with CHF are unknown. We tested the hypothesis that C-S respiration increases muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) in ...
Sato T - - 1998
Osteoclastic bone resorption under the denture base has been considered to be influenced by mechanical force exerted through the denture base. However, no scientific evidence has been shown concerning whether osteoclastic bone resorption is a pressure-threshold-regulated phenomenon or merely a proportionally pressure-dependent phenomenon. In this study, a clear statistical criterion ...
Pelosi P - - 1998
We studied 16 patients with acute lung injury receiving volume-controlled ventilation to assess the relationships between gas exchange and respiratory mechanics before, during, and after 2 h in the prone position. We measured the end-expiratory lung volume (EELV, helium dilution), the total respiratory system (Cst,rs), the lung (Cst,L) and the ...
Toyota S - - 1998
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the hemodynamic response in the prone position in surgical patients by measuring the effects of prone positioning on cardiac function using transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Elective surgery at a university hospital. PATIENTS: 15 adult ASA physical status I and II patients free of ...
Rudoni R R - - 1998
We investigated the diagnostic utility of transthoracic echocardiogram (2-D ECHO) in identifying acute right heart strain in patients with suspected pulmonary embolus (PE) undergoing a pulmonary angiogram during their hospitalization. A retrospective case control study was conducted over a 3-year period at a tertiary, community teaching hospital. Patients were eligible ...
Doron A - - 1998
A film about two teenagers who commit suicide was shown to three groups of psychiatric inpatients: 17 who had attempted suicide, 20 who had expressed suicidal thoughts, and 10 who were not suicidal. Anxiety before and after the film was evaluated with psychometric (anxiety rating scale) and physiological tools (heart ...
Imholz A L - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The effect of posture on peritoneal transport characteristics during CAPD is unpredictable because (1) although the capillary pressure is higher in the upright position, the intraperitoneal pressure is also elevated, and (2) the contact of dialysate with the subdiaphragmatic lymphatics is probably more extensive during recumbency. METHODS: In eight ...
Katz A - - 1998
A study was conducted in vitro to assess the root apex position on leakage to dye under reduced pressure (560 mm Hg). A total of 132 extracted single-rooted teeth were randomly allocated to four groups. The teeth were prepared using a step-back technique and sealed with the cold lateral condensation ...
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