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Results 551 - 600 of 965
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Meyer R Scott - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Acute compartment syndrome has been widely reported in legs positioned in the lithotomy position for prolonged general surgical, urologic, and gynecologic procedures. The orthopaedic literature also contains reports of this complication in legs positioned on a fracture table in the hemilithotomy position. The purpose of this study was to ...
Windischberger Christian - - 2002
BOLD-based functional MRI (fMRI) can be used to explicitly measure hemodynamic aspects and functions of human neuro-physiology. As fMRI measures changes in regional cerebral blood flow and volume as well as blood oxygenation, rather than neuronal brain activity directly, other processes that may change the above parameters have to be ...
Ishikawa Teruhiko - - 2002
On the basis of two observations that avoiding prone sleeping decreased incidence of sudden infant death syndrome and that obstructive sleep apnea is closely linked with the syndrome, we hypothesized that the prone position may increase upper airway collapsibility in infants and small children. Passive pharyngeal collapsibility of 19 infants ...
Turnbull D - - 2002
Lower limb compartment syndrome is a rare consequence of surgery where the lithotomy position is maintained for several hours. The aim of this study was to observe the effect of the lithotomy position on lower limb compartment pressure and blood flow to the lower limb in surgical patients having colorectal ...
Jackson Patricia L - - 2002
Matthew, age 24 months, is brought into the clinic by his frantic mother. She reports Matthew started wheezing and broke out in a blotchy skin rash within 5 minutes of eating a cracker with peanut butter. Matthew has a history of mild, intermittent asthma treated with nebulized albuterol, which the ...
Papazian Laurent - - 2002
BACKGROUND: In some patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome, the prone position is able to improve oxygenation, whereas in others it is not. It could be hypothesized that the more opacities that are present in dependent regions of the lung when the patient is in the supine position, the better ...
Inagaki Junko - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to examine the psychophysiological effects of shiatsu and massage while in the prone position. Twenty-four healthy women gave informed written consent to participate. After resting in the prone position for 50 min, each subject was massaged and given shiatsu for 15 min and again ...
Olson David E L - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare intranasal distribution of saline solution delivered by three popular methods for nasal saline irrigation. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, controlled comparison. METHODS: Eight healthy adult volunteers received nasal irrigation with 40 mL of isotonic, nonionic contrast material immediately before having coronal computed tomography to visualize distribution of solution in ...
Tomalak Waldemar - - 2002
Maximal static respiratory pressures are a simple measure of respiratory muscle strength. In order to construct a set of equations describing normal values, we measured maximal inspiratory (P(Imax)) and expiratory (P(Emax)) pressures in 296 children (144 boys and 152 girls), aged 7-14 years, in sitting and standing positions. The boys ...
Sundblad Patrik - - 2002
End-diastolic volume and left ventricular stroke volume are increased in the supine compared with upright position, but the contribution of long-axis (LAS) and short-axis shortening (SAS) to these changes with change in posture has not been established. We examined long- and short-axis motion and dimensions with echocardiography in 10 healthy ...
Rizzotti L - - 2002
The influence of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) on the mechanical properties of the respiratory system (RS) was examined using multiple regression analysis (MRA). Measurements of airway pressure (PaO) and flow (V') were obtained from 32 patients at four distinct stages of the LC procedure: 1) Immediately before the application of pneumoperitoneum ...
Mabuchi R - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to investigate cellular responses of periodontal ligaments during tooth movement. Twenty-eight male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 200-250 g each, were used. To create the orthodontic force, elastic rubber blocks (0.65 mm thick) were inserted between the maxillary first and second molars on both sides. On ...
Della Rocca G - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Cardiac output (CO) can be measured intermittently by bolus thermodilution methods in the pulmonary artery (COpa) or in the aorta (COart). A continuous thermodilution method (CCO) and a method for continuous estimation using the arterial pulse wave (PCCO) are also available. METHODS: We compared two methods of intermittent CO ...
Ioi H - - 2002
The three-dimensional physiological tooth movement synchronized with the heartbeat is called periodontal pulsation. This study utilized a computer-assisted amorphous sensor to evaluate the relation between tooth position and arterial blood pressure, and also between the amplitude of periodontal pulsation and arterial blood pressure. The measuring device consisted of a small ...
Miyamoto Yasuaki - - 2002
A non-invasive system has been developed to monitor cardiac vibrations, respiration and posture of inbed hospitalized patients and elderly people who need constant care. These physiological variables are recorded by four 2 x 28 cm piezoelectric film acceleration sensors, eight 2 x 2 cm small pressure sensors and a 5 ...
Hering Rudolf - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of prone positioning on systemic hemodynamics, intra-abdominal pressure (IAP), plasma disappearance rate of indocyanine green (PDR(ICG)), and gastric intramucosal to arterial PCO2 difference (Pi-aCO2). DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective randomized study in the intensive care unit of a university hospital. PATIENTS: 12 mechanically ventilated, hemodynamically stable ...
Knook M T - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Although the recurrence rate for endoscopic herniorraphy is low (0-3%), it can still be improved. In addition to using an expert technique that will minimize the risk of recurrence, it is essential that the mesh be large enough to cover the hernial defect adequately. To gain an impression of ...
Gonzalez Della Valle A - - 2001
The lateral decubitus position can cause dependent shoulder discomfort or result in traction on the brachial plexus. We measured pressure beneath the dependent shoulder and lateral angulation of the cervical spine in patients positioned in the lateral decubitus position for total hip replacement under epidural anesthesia. Inflatable pillows (Shoulder-Float) beneath ...
Cotert H S - - 2001
It is not possible for the wax pattern of most large-volume maxillary resection obturators to be placed into a flask for conventional compression molding processing and positioning of the wax pattern. However, these wax patterns and their channel access design often can be modified and aligned in position for processing ...
Bègue L - - 2001
French Catholic participants (N = 340) with high or low religious identification read 1 of 8 scenarios presented as an interview with a female target 2 months after she had had an abortion. The experimental device varied situational pressure (pressure vs. no pressure), the target's religious social identity (Catholic vs. ...
Elstad M - - 2001
1. Are arterial blood pressure fluctuations buffered or reinforced by respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA)? There is still considerable debate about this simple question. Different results have been obtained, triggering a discussion as to whether or not the baroreflexes are responsible for RSA. We suspected that the measurements of different aspects ...
Pfeffer S D - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Case reports have suggested that externally applied pressure from antithrombosis devices may contribute to the development of compartment syndromes during extended surgery in the lithotomy position. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of a pneumatic compression device on directly measured intracompartment pressure in the lower ...
Yu J - - 2001
To study the effect of respiration on transpulmonary permeation kinetics of drugs, an in vitro pulmonary permeation system, which consists of a setup for the simulation of respiratory dynamics, was developed. The system is composed offour major components: a pair of horizontal-type half-cells, a model air-blood barrier, an instrument for ...
Reitman C A - - 2001
Discography is commonly used in the workup of back disorders. The clinical utility of the test is controversial, and little is known about mechanical changes that may occur in the disc during this exam. To quantify three-dimensional deformations of the posterior annulus during discography, and to examine some of the ...
Yeh P S - - 2001
Methamphetamine, heroin, and cannabis are three of the most commonly misused drugs in Asia. In Taiwan, cases of misuse of methamphetamine have been increasing. In this paper, we report the case of a 23-year-old woman who had a 10-year history of smoking methamphetamine and intermittent use of heroin for 3 ...
Gordon S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Laboratory animal allergy is an important occupational disease that is preventable by reduction of exposure to mammalian allergens. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this investigation was to assess the efficacy of safety equipment in containing mouse urinary protein (MUP)--specifically, individually ventilated cage (IVC) systems and class I--type and class II ...
Hartley H - - 2001
Aortocaval compression may not be completely prevented by the supine wedged or tilted positions. It is commonly believed, however, that the unmodified full lateral position after induction of spinal anaesthesia might allow excessive spread of the block. We therefore compared baseline arterial pressures in the supine wedged, sitting, tilted and ...
Kiefer P - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of mechanical ventilation in the prone position on gastric mucosal-arterial PCO2 gradients. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SETTING: Intensive care unit in a university clinic. PATIENTS: Twenty-five patients requiring mechanical ventilation. The physician in charge indicated the turning manoeuver for the individual patient. MEASUREMENTS/RESULTS: In addition ...
Pratschke K M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of body position on barrier pressure at the gastroesophageal junction in anesthetized Greyhounds and to assess alterations in barrier pressure following gastropexy. ANIMALS: 8 adult Greyhounds. PROCEDURE: Barrier pressure at the gastroesophageal junction was measured by fast (1 cm/s) and slow (1 cm/10 s) withdrawal ...
Rist M - - 2001
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the hemodynamic effects of pneumoperitoneum and patient positioning during laparoscopic surgery of the lower abdomen. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: University-affiliated medical center. PATIENTS: 10 ASA physical I and II female patients scheduled for laparoscopic surgery of the lower abdomen. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were anesthetized with propofol and ...
Ferretti A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Morbidly obese subjects, who often complain about breathlessness when lying down, breathe at low lung volume with a reduced expiratory reserve volume (ERV). Therefore, during tidal breathing the expiratory flow reserve is decreased, promoting expiratory flow limitation (EFL), which is more likely to occur in the supine position, when ...
Mure M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Gas exchange in patients with adult respiratory distress syndrome is influenced by posture. The combined effect of continuous positive airway pressure and posture has not been investigated. We studied the effect of normal spontaneous breathing, and that of continuous positive airway pressure, on ventilation/perfusion distributions in healthy volunteers while ...
Kennedy L L - - 2001
Chemical substrates, central sites and central mechanisms underlying the regulation of breathing in lower vertebrates have not been well characterized. The present study was undertaken to determine the effect of pH changes and cholinergic agents on the central control of respiration in the cane toad, Bufo marinus. Adult toads were ...
Rodríguez-Nieto M J - - 2001
Vital capacity single-breath washouts using 90% O2-5% He-5% SF6 as a test gas mixture were performed with subjects sitting on a stool (upright) or recumbent on a stretcher (prone, supine, lateral left, lateral right, with or without rotation at end of inhalation). On the basis of the combinations of supine ...
Kacmarek R M - - 2001
Low tidal volume (4-8 mL/kg) during mechanical ventilation in adult respiratory distress syndrome is the standard of care. However, there are questions regarding the approach to setting positive end-expiratory pressure and the use of recruitment maneuvers in patients with adult respiratory distress syndrome. Animal data and preliminary patient data suggest ...
Mure M - - 2001
* Mechanically ventilated patients with severe acute lung insufficiencies dramatically improve their gas exchange when treated in the prone position. * ventilation heterogeneity is greater in the supine then in the prone position during CMV. * the dominant dorsal Q while supine is not turned into a dominant ventral Q ...
Ookawara S - - 2001
In healthy subjects, the blood volume (BV) increases rapidly after postural change from standing to the supine position. However, little is known about the effect of postural change on BV in long-term hemodialysis (HD) patients. Therefore, we have examined the BV change caused by adopting the supine position from standing ...
Fromageot C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether diaphragmatic function can be determined by noninvasive respiratory indices in neuromuscular disease. DESIGN: Vital capacity (VC) and mouth pressure generated during a maximal static inspiratory effort (Pi max) were measured with patients in both sitting and supine positions. SETTING: Rehabilitation hospital. PATIENTS: Twenty-four patients with generalized ...
Aliverti A - - 2001
Optoelectronic plethysmography (OEP) has been shown to be a reliable method for the analysis of chest wall kinematics partitioned into pulmonary rib cage, abdominal rib cage, abdomen, and right and left side in the seated and erect positions. In this paper, we extended the applicability of this method to the ...
Eltayara L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Orthopnea is a common feature in COPD patients, although its nature is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To study the role of tidal expiratory flow limitation (FL) in the genesis of orthopnea in patients with stable COPD. MEASUREMENTS: Tidal FL was assessed in 117 ambulatory COPD patients in sitting and supine ...
Flock A - - 2000
The Reissner's membrane (RM) was visualised by confocal microscopy in the isolated temporal bone of the guinea pig. The function of the organ was followed by measuring its physiological response. Static pressure applied in the basal coil caused a distention of the RM in the apical coil into the scala ...
Vaisbuch N - - 2000
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between sitting position and interface pressure distribution in seated children. METHOD: Fifteen able-bodied children and 15 children with myelomeningocele complete paraplegia, aged 7 to 18 years were included in the study. The body-seat interface pressure was measured with the ...
Mizuno K - - 2000
Some infants show better oxygenation in the prone position compared to the supine position while they are bottle-fed; however, the reason for this phenomenon is not clear. The purpose of this study was to obtain a better understanding of the effects of body position on the oral feeding performance, i.e. ...
Xie A - - 2000
We examined the neurocirculatory and ventilatory responses to intermittent asphyxia (arterial O(2) saturation = 79-85%, end-tidal PCO(2) =3-5 Torr above eupnea) in seven healthy humans during wakefulness. The intermittent asphyxia intervention consisted of 20-s asphyxic exposures alternating with 40-s periods of room-air breathing for a total of 20 min. Minute ...
Han D H - - 2000
A respirator filter of good quality has not only high aerosol collection efficiency but also low air resistance. "Quality factor", which is expressed with aerosol penetration and pressure drop, can be used to rank the performance of respirator filters within the same category. This study focuses on evaluating several respirator ...
Olympio M A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Conventional supine emergence in patients undergoing prone lumbar surgery frequently results in tachycardia, hypertension, coughing, and loss of monitoring as the patient is rolled supine. The prone position might facilitate a smoother emergence because the patient is not disturbed. No data describe this technique. METHODS: Fifty patients were anesthetized ...
Borelli M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the single effect and the interaction of prone position and inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) on lung function and hemodynamic variables. DESIGN: 2 x 2 factorial trial. SETTING: Department of intensive care medicine at a university hospital. PATIENTS: Fourteen patients on volume-controlled mechanical ventilation for acute respiratory distress ...
Andreas S - - 2000
Central sleep apnea with Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR) during sleep affects about 40 % of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). During CSR simultaneous periodic fluctuations in wakefulness and respiration with accompanying changes in blood pressure and heart rate are observed. CSR can be described as an oscillation of the ventilatory ...
Yokoyama M - - 2000
We measured the haemodynamic effects of changing from the supine position to the lateral decubitus (lateral) position, and then to the kidney rest lateral decubitus (kidney) position in 12 patients undergoing nephrectomy under isoflurane anaesthesia. Eight control patients undergoing pulmonary surgery remained in the lateral position. The lateral position produced ...
Trninić S - - 2000
Based upon the expertise performed by ten basketball professional relative importance coefficients with regard to positions in the game were determined for nineteen performance evaluation criteria. High degree of interobservers agreement was obtained concerning all positions (from 0.91 to 0.98). In concordance with the obtained results the particular play positions ...
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