Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 965
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Manikappa S - - 2005
This prospective observational study compared the internal diameter and cross-sectional area of the right internal jugular vein pre-induction and post-initiation of positive pressure ventilation. Twenty patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery were studied. Measurements were taken with the operating table tipped to 30 degrees head down and the head turned ...
Kim Wuon-Shik - - 2005
The aim of this study was to investigate the nonlinear characteristics of heart rate variability (HRV) for three recumbent positions: the supine, left lateral and right lateral decubitus positions. Recently, using a linear analyses method (for time and frequency domains), the effect of the right lateral decubitus position on vagal ...
Putensen Christian - - 2005
Prone positioning may even in patients without abdominal hypertension result in an increased intra-abdominal pressure (IAP). Previous research could not demonstrate a marked increase in IAP associated with cardiovascular, renal, or hepato-splanchnic dysfunction when patients were proned in air-cushioned beds. Michelet and colleagues in this issue of Critical Care report ...
Derby Richard - - 2005
BACKGROUND: For lack of a criterion standard for lumbar discogenic pain, the validity of lumbar discography cannot be determined directly. The false-positive rate of discography, however, can be inferred from the prevalence of positive responses in asymptomatic volunteers. Responses in normal volunteers have been reported in only three studies, and ...
Mizuno Katsumi - - 2005
AIM: To determine whether sipping/lapping is a safe alternative to suckle bottle-feeding without any hydrostatic pressure, in terms of physiological stability and the relationship between swallowing and respiration. In addition, tongue movement was compared between sipping/lapping and suckling (bottle- and breastfeeding). METHODS: Eighteen infants (30-35?wk of gestation at birth) were ...
Laurens Stéphane - - 2005
The authors analyzed a neglected phenomenon: self-conversion. Rather than concentrating on the influence exerted by a confederate on a naive participant, the authors studied how the confederate is himself or herself influenced by the position that he or she defends at the request of the experimenter. This experiment is particularly ...
Inukai Yoko - - 2005
To estimate the effects of changes in body posture on sudomotor function, sweat rates on the forearm, chest and thigh, tympanic temperature (Tty), and skin temperatures were recorded in an upright sitting and a supine position under a hot environment of 40 degrees C Ta and 40% relative humidity for ...
Hamel Donna S - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Alterations in gas displacement in pediatric patients ventilated with the SensorMedics 3100A high-frequency oscillator are most commonly manipulated by adjusting the amplitude, frequency, and percent inspiratory time. The piston-position-and-displacement indicator is commonly centered and subsequently not adjusted. That practice may limit the clinician's ability to optimize carbon dioxide elimination. ...
Larøi F - - 2005
The objectives of the present study were to examine the degree of co-existence of hallucinations and delusions in the nonclinical population. In addition, we wished to investigate the role of metacognitions in hallucinations and delusions. Finally, we explored the relative roles of positive and negative metacognitive beliefs in proneness to ...
Rupp-Montpetit Kimberly - - 2005
Decreased visual acuity and loss of visual ability are devastating anesthetic and surgical complications. The incidence is greater in patients with preexisting hypertension, diabetes, sickle cell anemia, renal failure, gastrointestinal ulcer, narrow-angle glaucoma, vascular occlusive disease, cardiac disease, arteriosclerosis, polycythemia vera, and collagen vascular disorders. Precipitating factors for ischemic optic ...
Lowne Duncan R DR Member, IEEE, Cleveland Medical Devices Inc., 4415 Euclid Ave., Suite 400, Cleveland, OH 44103 USA - - 2005
Determination of body position on a mattress in a clinical setting is important for both diagnosis of sleep disorders and management and prevention of pressure sores. At present, patient body position is measured by visual inspection or by post analysis of either a video monitoring system or expensive, high-resolution arrays ...
Meredith Carolyn - - 2005
Police officers commonly encounter violent individuals in their line of duty, with the use of physical restraint sometimes being necessary. A major criticism of previous studies of the effect of restraint on cardiac and pulmonary function has been that they have only recruited young healthy adults. This study aims to ...
Hwang Jung Hye - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Partial liquid ventilation (PLV) and prone positioning can improve the arterial oxygenation (PaO2) in acute lung injury (ALI). We evaluated the effect of prolonged prone positioning during partial liquid ventilation (PLV) in a canine model of acute lung injury. METHODS: Six mongrel dogs (weighing 17.4 +/- 0.7 kg each) ...
Martin-Du Pan Rémy C - - 2004
Postural medicine studies the effects of gravity on human body functions and the ability to influence various diseases by changing the body's position. Orthostasis requires numerous cardiovascular and neurohumoral adaptations to prevent hypotension and a resulting decrease in cerebral perfusion. Sitting upright or in a semi-sitting position reduces venous return ...
Jones Alice Y M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The study's objective was to examine the effect of body position on oxygen consumption (Vo(2)) and hemodynamics. Although gravity-dependent hemodynamic and pulmonary consequences are well documented, less is known about the effect of body positions on VO(2) and hemodynamics, which is of importance in critical care. DESIGN: This was ...
Pury Cynthia L S - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Increased blood pressure is associated with decreased reports of aversiveness for both physical pain and psychosocial stressors. Based on these findings, higher blood pressure could be associated with altered emotional responses to a broader range of stimuli. There are at least 3 ways this could happen: a) less dire ...
Morris Rhys J - - 2004
External compression of limbs to below-diastolic pressure (venous compression) has been shown to produce a short-lived hyperaemia in supply arteries. Intermittent pneumatic compression is currently under investigation therefore as a treatment for peripheral arterial disease. The optimal timing of the compression will depend on the duration of hyperaemia produced by ...
Polga David J - - 2004
STUDY DESIGN: In vivo pressures were measured in radiologically healthy middle and lower thoracic discs in 6 adult volunteers. OBJECTIVES: To quantify and compare intradiscal pressures from the middle and lower thoracic spine during various body positions and maneuvers, and to investigate the potential variation of these pressures with orientation ...
Okutsu Ichiro - - 2004
Carpal tunnel syndrome is a compression neuropathy wherein the median nerve is compressed inside of the carpal canal. Its diagnosis is made clinically, electrophysiologically, and sometimes by carpal canal pressure measurement. The objective of surgical management of this condition is the decompression of the median nerve. We usually measure carpal ...
Perlitz Volker - - 2004
Selected examples from experiments in humans and dogs with time series of reticular neurons, respiration, arterial blood pressure and cutaneous forehead blood content fluctuations were analysed using multiscaled time-frequency distribution, post-event-scan and pointwise transinformation. We found in both experiments a "0.15-Hz rhythm" exhibiting periods of spindle waves (increasing and decreasing ...
Wong Lu Fee - - 2004
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Variable success rates of the Valsalva maneuver in treatment of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia may be due to variations in performance technique. This study aimed to compare the magnitude of the vagal reflexes initiated by 5 variations of the Valsalva maneuver technique (supine, supine with epigastric pressure, supine with ...
Sarma Jayantha Kumar - - 2004
This study highlights the effect of Rudraksha (Elaeocarpus ganitrus Roxb) in experimentally induced acute hypertension by adrenaline and nicotine. Study was done in 6 anaesthetised cats having similar body weight and age. 90 % Ethanol extracts of Elaeocarpus ganitrus Roxb was given intravenously to cats. Blood pressure was measured by ...
Rohdin M - - 2004
When normal subjects are exposed to hypergravity [5 times normal gravity (5 G)] there is an impaired arterial oxygenation that is less severe in the prone compared with supine posture. We hypothesized that under these conditions the heterogeneities of ventilation and/or perfusion distributions would be less prominent when subjects were ...
Daffertshofer Andreas - - 2004
In search of the formative principles underwriting locomotor-respiratory coupling, we reanalyzed and modeled the data collected by Siegmund and coworkers (1999) on the synchronization of respiration during rowing. Apart from the frequency doubling in respiration reported earlier, detailed time-resolved spectral analyses revealed decreasing stability of entrainment close to abrupt changes ...
McGuinness Mark - - 2004
Arnold tongues are phase-locking regions in parameter space, originally studied in circle-map models of cardiac arrhythmias. They show where a periodic system responds by synchronizing to an external stimulus. Clinical studies of resting or anesthetized patients exhibit synchronization between heart-beats and respiration. Here we show that these results are successfully ...
Alexianu Daniela - - 2004
A 34-mo-old boy with neurofibromatosis, scoliosis, and pectus excavatum developed severe hypotension when positioned prone. A magnetic resonance image study revealed neurofibromas encircling the great vessels. During the next anesthetic the patient was placed in the prone position on transverse bolsters and hypotension ensued again. A transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE) revealed ...
Ketner M W MW Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, NC, - - 2004
The Fontan circulation or one of its many modifications is a common surgical procedure implemented in children with congenital heart defects to improve pulmonary circulation. Two modifications are the atriopulmonary connection (AP) and the modified total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC). Successful AP and TCPC operations performed in lambs show respiration has ...
Brack Thomas - - 2003
Cheyne-Stokes Respiration (CSR) is a breathing pattern characterised by rhythmic oscillation of tidal volume with regularly recurring periods of hyperpnoea, hypopnoea and apnoea. CSR is no longer solely regarded as a symptom of severe congestive heart failure (CHF), but has been recognised as an independent risk factor for worsening heart ...
Migneco Alessio - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Arterial hypertension is a risk factor for atherosclerosis of whose pathogenesis is unknown. Growing evidence underscores the causative role of endothelial dysfunction. A possible association between Helicobacter pylori infection and cardiovascular and autoimmune disorders has been found. The release of cytotoxic substances either of bacterial origin or produced by ...
Imai Kenji - - 2003
We investigated the difference in transient heart rate reduction associated with brief acupuncture in 20 healthy subjects at rest in a supine and in a sitting position. After the subjects had been at rest for about 20 minutes, acupuncture needling using the sparrow-pecking method, in which the needle is moved ...
Kozlov Andrey P - - 2003
Newborn rats, 3 hr after birth and before any experience in suckling, were exposed for 10 min to a surrogate nipple providing milk. One hour later, they were exposed to an empty nipple for another 10-min period. The basic characteristics of oral behavior (oral compression activity, OCA) were assessed by ...
Nitta E - - 2003
Mastication and swallowing increase the heart rate, and posture change and respiration also modulate the heart rate. To clarify the role of mastication and swallowing in the modulation of the autonomic nervous activity, we investigated how they interact with modulation of the heart rate by changing body positions and respiration ...
Alcántara J M - - 2003
Recent evidence indicates that fruit size has evolved according to dispersers' size. This is hypothesized to result from a balance between factors favouring large seeds and dispersers setting the maximum fruit size. This hypothesis assumes that (1) the size of fruits that can be consumed by dispersers is limited, (2) ...
McGrath Pam - - 2004
GOALS: This article seeks to make a contribution to fostering work on the neglected area of research about how individuals maintain a positive outlook during their confrontation with serious illness. Insights are presented from both haematology survivors and hospice patients about the factors that hinder and facilitate their capacity to ...
Haure Pernille - - 2003
Recently we studied the effect of 10 degrees reverse Trendelenburg position on subdural pressure and cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) during craniotomy. Within 1 minute we found a significant decrease in subdural pressure while CPP was unchanged. A longer time span, however, is necessary to exclude a temporary effect. In the ...
Ng Jason - - 2003
Our objective is to validate the ability of 3 appropriately placed accelerometers to determine body position during ambulatory electrocardiographic (ECG) monitoring and to demonstrate the clinical applicability of this method. During ambulatory (Holter) monitoring, the ability to know a patient's position (lying down, sitting, standing, or changing from one position ...
Janssen Larry - - 2003
Several respirator performance criteria are set to satisfy the physiological requirements of the worker. In particular, Ve and PFI must be understood and used appropriately in the design process. Filtration principles and the nature of workplace aerosols must also be understood to determine appropriate test conditions for particulate respirator filters. ...
Soetens F M - - 2003
The influence of maternal position on the spread of local anesthetics in low concentration has not been well examined during epidural analgesia for labor. This study was designed to investigate the differences in sensory block, pain relief and incidence of supine hypotensive syndrome between parturients in the left lateral position ...
Leung Richard S T - - 2003
In patients with congestive heart failure, Cheyne-Stokes respiration is accompanied by oscillations in blood pressure and heart rate at a very low frequency. It is not known whether these cardiovascular oscillations are primarily related to oscillations in ventilation or oxyhemoglobin saturation. We hypothesized that abolition of the ventilatory oscillations of ...
Maruo Yukinori - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Expression of argyrophilic nucleolar organizer regions (AgNOR) was counted on mucosal epithelium to detect whether the AgNOR count (the number of AgNOR per nucleus) is, for 20 weeks, affected by streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Diabetic rats were applied non-denture wearing, non-pressure contact, continuous pressure (0.5, 1.5 or 3.4 kPa) ...
Stone Andrew C - - 2003
We report an individual with limb-girdle muscular dystrophy who has devised a way to assist her respiration by using her hands braced against the tray of her wheelchair. Utilizing this method, she was able to increase her tidal volume (VT) and lower her respiratory rate compared to unassisted spontaneous breathing, ...
Rubin Mark G - - 2003
Microabrasion, which abrades the epidermis but does not extend into the dermis, is a mild level of injury that is useful in treating dull, rough texture; dyschromias; comedonal acne; keratosis pilaris; distensible acne scars; and fine lines. Results vary with the use of positive or negative pressure, choice of abrasive ...
Hsieh C-W - - 2003
During the last decade, progressive achievements in haemodynamics have shown that radial artery pulse pressure can be used to estimate the vascular properties of the internal organs. Clinical experiments have shown that slow and regular respiration has a large effect on the heart rate variability (HRV). This phenomenon is called ...
Chiba Yuki - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to measure tongue pressure exerted on the loop of the transpalatal arch (TPA) during deglutition and to consider the influence of the distance of the loop of the TPA from the palatal mucosa and the anteroposterior position of the loop. Tongue pressures of 4 ...
Palmer Jeffrey B - - 2003
Chewed solid food accumulates in the oropharynx prior to swallowing. The mechanism for preventing aspiration during this interval is unknown, but may be related to respiration. The purpose of this study was to determine how eating, especially bolus formation in the pharynx, affects respiration. We examined nasal air pressures, masseter ...
Mortimer James R - - 2003
Differences in the base composition of genomes can occur because of GC pressure, purine-loading pressure (AG pressure) and RNY pressure, for which there are possible functional explanations, and because of the more abstract pressures exerted by individual bases. The graphical approach of Muto and Osawa was used to analyse how ...
Morgera Stanislao - - 2003
BACKGROUND/AIM: Continuous venovenous hemofiltration with high-permeability hemofilters is a novel approach in the adjuvant therapy of septic patients. High-permeability hemofilters are characterized by an increased pore size which facilitates the filtration of inflammatory mediators. The present study examines whether intermittent high-permeability hemofiltration has an immunomodulatory effect on polymorphonuclear leukocytes and ...
Hasan Huda J T M - - 2002
This study investigated the relation of Type A behavior dimensions and measures of optimism and pessimism. The sample of 322 undergraduate students were 80 men and 242 women at Kuwait University. Analysis showed that five dimensions of Type A behavior, accuracy and persistence, speed and time pressure, desire for promotion, ...
Matejovic Martin - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of prone position on hepato-splanchnic hemodynamics, metabolism and gut mucosal energy balance. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SETTING: Medical intensive care unit in a university hospital. PATIENTS: Eleven hemodynamically stable patients with acute lung injury (ALI) requiring mechanical ventilation. INTERVENTION: Patients were studied in the supine ...
Van Winden S C L - - 2002
The position of the abomasum in six cows was examined by ultrasonography at regular intervals for six weeks after they had calved. Its position was established by determining the distance between the margin of the left side of the abomasum and the ventral midline at two sites. During the last ...
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